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Britten life and works - Introducing

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 18

									Year   Event
1913   born 22 November Edward Benjamin at Lowestoft. Mother an amateur singer, father a dentist.
1918   Started composing. Educated at Buckenham Hall School.
1922   Gresham's Holt.
1924   Performed at Norwich Festival and attracted interest of Frank Bridge who took him as a pupil introducing him to Bartok and
       Schoenberg. Heard Bridge conduct The Sea at Norwich and very impressed.
1928   Regular lessons with Bridge.
1930   Scholarship to RCM where studied piano with Harold Samuel and Arthur Benjamin and composition with John Ireland and
       some input from Vaughan Williams. Hymn to the Virgin.
1932   Official Op. 1 Sinfonietta.
1933   Sinfonietta performed at Macnaghten-Lemare concert with other chamber music and choral pieces.
1934   Heard Wozzeck in Vienna. Phantasy oboe quartet performed in Florence in ISCM Festival. A Boy was Born for BBC Singers.

1935 Employed by GPO to write music for documentary films. W H Auden also on unit.
1936 Our Hunting Fathers with Auden
1937 Met Peter Pears. Variations on theme of Frank Bridge.
1938 Piano concerto.
1939 Ballad of Heroes with Auden. Followed Auden to US with Peter Pears. Pears inspired Les illuminations. Violin concerto.
1940 Michelangelo sonnets inspired by Pears. Sinfonia da Requiem.
1941 First Quartet. First opera, Paul Bunyan, on Auden text, withdrawn till 1976.
1942 Ceremony of carols. Returned to England. As conscientious objectors with Pears gave many concerts. Pears also in Sadlers
     Wells opera under Joan Cross. Hymn to St Cecilia last collaboration with Auden written on voyage home as was Ceremony of
     Carols.
1943 Serenade. Rejoice in the Lamb for Walter Hussey at St Matthew's Northampton (also commissioned work from Finzi, Auden,
     Henry Moore and Graham Sutherland and later at Chichester, Bernstein, John Piper and Chagall). Rediscovering Purcell.

1944 Started Peter Grimes.
1945 Peter Grimes chosen by Joan Cross to reopen Sadlers Wells on 7 June. String Quartet No 2. Sonnets of John Donne
1946 Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra written to accompany educational film Instruments of the Orchestra narrated by Sargent.
     Rape of Lucretia.
1947   Albert Herring. Formed English Opera Group to perform chamber operas.
1948   St Nicholas. EOG helped found Aldeburgh Festival.
1949   Spring Symphony
1951   For Festival of Britain commissioned to write Billy Budd, produced at Covent Garden in December.
1952   CH. Imogen Holst went to Aldeburgh at B's request to help with Gloriana and stayed rest of her life (artistic deirector of festival
       1956-77).
1953   Gloriana produced at CG as tribute to Elizabeth II.
1954   Turn of Screw commissioned by Venice Biennale.
1955   Recital tour with Pears of far east. Heard Balinese music which influenced Prince of the Pagodas.
1957   1 Jan Prince of the Pagodas at CG. Noye's Fludde a masterpiece for children.
1960   Midsummer Night's Dream for Aldeburgh. Cantata academica commissioned by University of Basle.
1961   Completed War Requiem. Formed artistic partnership with Rostropovich resulting in Cello Sonata.
1962   May premiere of War Requiem for consecration of Coventry Cathedral.
1963   Cello Symphony for Rostropovich. Visit to Russia.
1964   Japanese play influenced Curlew River. Aspen award.
1965   Return to Russia with Pears and stayed at Composer's House in Armenia where wrote Poet's Echo on Pushkin for Vishnevskaya,
       Rostropovich's wife. Commission from UN to write Voices for Today, given simultaneous premieres in London, Paris and New
       York. OM.
1966   Burning Fiery Furnace.
1967   Concert hall opened at Aldeburgh, the Maltings.
1968   Prodigal Son dedicated to Shostakovich.
1969   Shostakovich's 14th Symphony dedicated to him. He conducted first performance in the West.
1970   Owen Wingrave commissioned by BBC for television.
1971   First transmission of OW.
1973   OW at Covent Garden in May and Death in Venice premiered at Snape in June..
1975   Phaedra for Janet Baker. String Quartet No 3.
1976   Paul Bunyan premiere, 35 years late. Life peer 2 July. Died 4 December Aldeburgh. Buried nearby are Peter Pears (died 1986)
       and Imogen Holst (died 1984).
Ref   Name
103   Five Walztes
 64   Quatre Chansons Françaises
 42   Hymn to the Virgin
 95   String Quartet in D
 18   Sinfonietta
 89   Phantasy Quartet
 44   Friday Afternoons
 43   A Boy Was Born
 91   Suite for violin and piano
 19   A Simple Symphony
 45   Te Deum
104   Holiday Diary
 90   Insect Pieces, oboe and piano
112   C.T.O.
113   Conquering Space
114   The King’s Stamp
115   Banking for the Millions
133   Timon of Athens
      A poison tree
      When you're feeling like expressing your affection
 20   Soirées musicales
 65   Our Hunting Fathers
116   Coal Face
117   Night Mail
118   Message from Geneva
119   Men of the Alps
134   Agamemnon
135   Stay Down Miner
      Night covers up the rigid land
      Three Divertimenti on Play Boy Play
      Russian Funeral
 21   Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge
 22   Mont Juic
 70   On This Island
120   The Saving of Bill Blewitt
121   The Line to the Tschierva Hut
122   Calendar of the Year
123   Around the Village Green
124   The Way to the Sea
136   The Ascent of F6
137   Love from a Stranger - Trafalgar Films
138   The Company of Heaven - BBC
139   Out of the Picture
140   King Arthur - BBC
      To lie flat on the back with the knees flexed
      Not even summer yet
 36   Piano Concerto
 46   Advance Democracy
125   The Tocher - silhouette film
126   Four Barriers
127   How the Dial Works
128   Mony a Pickle
141   The Seven Ages of Man
142   Old Spain
143   On the Frontier
144   Hadrian’s Wall - BBC
145   The World of the Spirit BBC
      Fish in the unruffled lake
      The Red Cockatoo
 23   Canadian Carnival - Kermesse Canadienne
 24   Young Apollo
 37   Violin Concerto
 47   Ballad of Heroes
 66   Les Illuminations
129   God’s Chillun
130   HPO or the 6d Telegram
131   Advance Democracy
146   Johnson Over Jordan
147   The Sword in the Stone - BBC
  1   Paul Bunyan
 25   Sinfonia da Requiem
 38   Diversions on a Theme, piano
 71   Seven Sonnets of Michelangelo
105   Sonatina Romantica
107   Introduction and Rondo alla burlesca
148   The Rocking Horse Winner
 26   Matinees musicales
 39   Scottish Ballad, 2 pianos
 92   String Quartet No. 1
108   Mazurka Elegiaca
 48   Ceremony of Carols
 49   Hymn to St Cecilia
149   American in England - BBC
      Wild with passion
      If thou wilt ease
      Cradle song for Eleanor
 27   Prelude and Fugue for 18 part string orchestra
 50   Rejoice in the Lamb
 67   Serenade
150   The Rescue - BBC
 28   Four Sea Interludes, Passacaglia from Peter Grimes
 51   Festival Te Deum
151   Poet’s Christmas - BBC
  2   Peter Grimes
 72   vol. 1 British
 75   Nine Holy Sonnets of John Donne
 93   String Quartet No. 2
152   This Way to the Tomb
      Birthday song for Erwin
  3   The Rape of Lucretia
 29   Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra
 73   vol. 2 French
109   Prelude and Fugue on Theme of Vittoria organ
132   Instruments of the Orchestra
153   The Dark Tower - BBC
154   The Eagle Has Two Heads
155   The Duchess of Malfi
  4   Albert Herring
 76   Five canticles 1. My Beloved is Mine
 81   A Charm of Lullabies
156   Men of Goodwill - BBC
  5   The Beggar’s Opera
 52   St Nicolas
 74   vol. 3 British
  6   Let’s Make an Opera
 53   Spring Symphony
157   Stratton
 41   Lachrymae for viola and string orchestra
 54   Five Flower Songs
 96   Lachrymae, viola and piano
  7   Billy Budd
 97   Metamorphoses after Ovid, oboe
 77   Five canticles 2. Abraham and Isaac
 31   Gloriana - Symphonic Suite
  8   Gloriana
 30   Variations on an Elizabethan Theme
 82   Winter Words
  9   The Turn of the Screw
 78   Five canticles 3. Still Falls the Rain
158   Am Stram Gram
159   Punch Review
 17   The Prince of the Pagodas
 35   The Prince of the Pagodas
 83   Songs from the Chinese
 10   Noye’s Fludde
 68   Nocturne
 84   Hölderlin Fragments
 55   Missa Brevis
 56   Cantata Academica
      Um Mitternacht
 11   A Midsummer Night’s Dream
 57   War Requiem
 98   Cello Sonata
 40   Cello Symphony
 58   Cantata Misericordium
106   Night Piece
110   Nocturnal after John Dowland for guitar
 14   Curlew River
 99   Suite No. 1 for cello
 59   Voices for Today
 85   Songs and Proverbs of William Blake
 86   The Poet’s Echo
102   Gemini Variations
 15   The Burning Fiery Furnace
 60   The Golden Vanity
 32   Overture The Building of the House
100   Suite No. 2 for cello
 16   The Prodigal Son
 61   Children’s Crusade or Kinderkreuzzug
 87   Who are these Children?
111   Suite for harp
 12   Owen Wingrave
 79   Five canticles 4. Journey of the Magi
101   Suite No. 3 for cello
 13   Death in Venice
 34   A Time There Was
 80   Five canticles 5. The Death of Saint Narcissus
 88   A Birthday Hansel
 33   Suite on English Folk Tunes
 62   Sacred and Profane
 69   Phaedra
 94   String Quartet No. 3
 63   Welcome Ode
Type                     Opus a Date   To     rev
Piano                           1925           1969
Voice and Orchestra             1928
Choral                          1930          1934
Chamber                         1931          1974
Orchestral                   1 1932
Chamber                      2 1932
Choral                       7 1933    1935
Choral                       3 1933           1955
Chamber                      6 1934    1935
Orchestral                   4 1934
Choral                          1934
Piano                        5 1934
Chamber                  posth  1935
Documentaries                   1935
Documentaries                   1935
Documentaries                   1935
Documentaries                   1935
Other Incidental Music          1935
Voice and Piano                 1935
Voice and Piano                 1935   1936
Orchestral                   9 1936
Voice and Orchestra          8 1936
Documentaries                   1936
Documentaries                   1936
Documentaries                   1936
Documentaries                   1936
Other Incidental Music          1936
Other Incidental Music          1936
Voice and Piano                 1936
Chamber                         1936
Orchestral                      1936
Orchestral                  10 1937
Orchestral                  12 1937
Voice and Piano             11 1937
Documentaries                   1937
Documentaries                   1937
Documentaries                   1937
Documentaries                   1937
Documentaries                   1937
Other Incidental Music          1937
Other Incidental Music          1937
Other Incidental Music          1937
Other Incidental Music          1937
Other Incidental Music          1937
Voice and Piano               1937
Voice and Piano               1937
Concerto                 13   1938      1945
Choral                        1938
Documentaries                 1938
Documentaries                 1938
Documentaries                 1938
Documentaries                 1938
Other Incidental Music        1938
Other Incidental Music        1938
Other Incidental Music        1938
Other Incidental Music        1938
Other Incidental Music        1938
Voice and Piano               1938
Voice and Piano               1938
Orchestral               19   1939
Orchestral               16   1939      1979
Concerto                 15   1939      1958
Choral                   14   1939
Voice and Orchestra      18   1939
Documentaries                 1939
Documentaries                 1939
Documentaries                 1939
Other Incidental Music        1939
Other Incidental Music        1939
Opera                    17   1940 1941
Orchestral               20   1940
Concerto                 21   1940      1954
Voice and Piano          22   1940
Piano                         1940
Two pianos               23   1940
Other Incidental Music        1940
Orchestral               24   1941
Concerto                 26   1941
Chamber                  25   1941
Two pianos               23   1941
Choral                   28   1942
Choral                   27   1942
Other Incidental Music        1942
Voice and Piano               1942
Voice and Piano               1942
Voice and Piano               1942
Orchestral               29   1943
Choral                   30   1943
Voice and Orchestra      31   1943
Other Incidental Music                        1943
Orchestral                               33 a 1944
Choral                                   32 1944
Other Incidental Music                        1944
Opera                                    33 1945
Voice and Piano Folk-Song Arrangements        1945
Voice and Piano                          35 1945
Chamber                                  36 1945
Voice and piano                               1945
Voice and piano                               1945
Opera                                    37 1946
Orchestral                               34 1946
Voice and Piano Folk-Song Arrangements        1946
Organ                                         1946
Documentaries                                 1946
Other Incidental Music                        1946
Other Incidental Music                        1946
Other Incidental Music                        1946
Opera                                    39 1947
Voice and Piano Canticles                40 1947
Voice and Piano                          41 1947
Other Incidental Music                        1947
Opera                                    43 1948
Choral                                   42 1948
Voice and Piano Folk-Song Arrangements        1948
Opera                                         1949
Choral                                   44 1949
Other Incidental Music                        1949
Concerto                                 48 a 1950
Choral                                        1950
Chamber                                  48 1950
Opera                                    50 1951        1960
Chamber                                  49 1951
Voice and Piano Canticles                51 1952
Orchestral                               53 a 1953 1954
Opera                                    53 1953
Orchestral                                    1953
Voice and Piano                          52 1953
Opera                                    54 1954
Voice and Piano Canticles                55 1954
Other Incidental Music                        1954
Other Incidental Music                        1955
Ballet                                   57 1956
Orchestral                               57 1956
Voice and Piano                          58 1957
Opera                       59   1958
Voice and Orchestra         60   1958
Voice and Piano             61   1958
Choral                           1959
Choral                      62   1959
Voice and Piano                  1959 1960
Opera                       64   1960
Choral                      66   1961
Chamber                     65   1961
Concerto                    68   1963
Choral                      69   1963
Piano                            1963
Guitar                      70   1963
Church parable              71   1964
Chamber                     72   1964
Choral                      75   1965
Voice and Piano             74   1965
Voice and Piano             76   1965
Chamber                     73   1965
Church parable              77   1966
Choral                           1966
Orchestral                  79   1967
Chamber                     80   1967
Church parable              81   1968
Choral                      82   1968
Voice and Piano             84   1969
Harp                        83   1969
Opera                       85   1971
Voice and Piano Canticles   86   1971
Chamber                     87   1971
Opera                       88   1973
Orchestral                  90   1974
Voice and Piano Canticles   89   1974
Voice and Piano             92   1974
Orchestral                       1975
Choral                      91   1975
Voice and Orchestra         93   1975
Chamber                     94   1975
Choral                      95   1976
First performance         Notes

BBC 30 Mar 1980
Lowestoft 5 Jan 1931
Aldeburgh 7 June 1975
London, 31 Jan 1933
Florence 5 Apr 1934
                          children’s voices
BBC 23 Feb 1935
London 27 Jan 1936
Norwich 6 Mar 1934
London 27 Jan 1936

Manchester 7 March 1979




                          Blake
                          Auden
                          arr. of Rossini
Norwich 25 Sept 1936




                          also incl music by Rossini arranged by Britten and Walter Leig


                          Auden poem dedicated to Britten

                          inspired by Shostakovich
Salzburg 27 Aug 1937
BBC 8 Jan 1938            suite of Catalán dances composed jointly with Lennox Berkele
BBC London 19 Nov 1937
                                            Auden
                                            Peter Burra
London 18 Aug 1938




                                            Auden
                                            Arthur Waley
Bristol, BBC, 6 June 1940
Toronto, 2 Aug 1939                         piano, string quartet and string orchestra. withdrawn until 1979
New York 28 March 1940
London 5 Apr 1939
London 30 Jan 1940




Columbia University, New York, 5 May 1941   Choral operetta (libretto by W.H. Auden); revised 1974 and gi
New York, 30 Mar 1941
Philadelphia 16 Jan 1942                    Left Hand and orchestra
London 23 Sept 1942
Aldeburgh 16 June 1983
New York early 1941

                                            arr. of Rossini
Cincinnati 28 Nov 1941
London 28 Apr 1943
New York Winter 1941
Norwich 5 Dec 1942
London 22 Nov 1942

                                            Beddoes
                                            Beddoes
                                            Louis MacNeice
London, 23 June 1943
Northampton 21 Sept 1943
London 15 Oct 1943
Cheltenham, 13 June 1945
Swindon 24 Apr 1945

London, Sadler’s Wells, 7 Jun 1945.                    Opera (libretto by Montagu Slater, based on part of Crabbe’s p

London 22 Nov 1945
London 21 Nov 1945
                                                       3 songs of Ronald Duncan
                                                       Ronald Duncan
Glyndebourne, 12 Jul 1946.                             Opera libretto by Ronald Duncan, based on Livy, Shakespeare
Liverpool, 15 Oct 1946                                 Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Purcell

Northampton 21 Sept 1946




Glyndebourne, 20 Jun 1947.                             Opera (libretto by Eric Crozier, based on Maupassant’s story L
Aldeburgh 1 Nov 1947
The Hague 3 Jan 1945

Cambridge 24 May 1948                                  Ballad opera (1728) by John Gay
Aldeburgh 5 June 1948


Amsterdam 9 July 1949

Recklinghausen 3 May 1977
Dartington 3 Apr 1950
Aldeburgh 20 June 1950
                                                     Opera BBC, 13 Nov 1960; produced Covent Garden, 9 Jan M
London, Covent Garden 1 Dec 1951. Revised 1960 and heard on (libretto by E.M. Forster and Eric Crozier, on Herman19
Thorpress 14 June 1951
Nottingham 21 Jan 1952
Birmingham, 23 Sept 1954
London, Covent Garden, 8 Jun 1953.                   Opera (libretto by William Plomer)
Aldeburgh, 20 June 1953                              Sellenger’s round - 4th variation. Others were by Arthur Oldh
Harewood House, Leeds 8 Oct 1953
Venice, 14 Sept 1954, and in London, 6 Oct 1954).    Opera in a prologue and two acts (libretto by Myfanwy Piper,
London 28 Jan 1955


London, Covent Garden, Jan 1 1957.                     ballet (choreography by John Cranko)
1979                                                   concert suite arranged from 1956 ballet by Philip Lankester
Aldeburgh 17 June 1958                                 voice and guitar
Orford Church, 18 June 1958                  Chester miracle play
Leeds 16 Oct 1958
Schloss Wolfsgarten 20 Nov 1958
London 22 July 1959                          boys’ voices
Basel 1 July 1959
                                             Goethe
Aldeburgh, Jubilee Hall, 11 Jun 1960.        Opera (libretto from Shakespeare)
Coventry 30 May 1962
Aldeburgh 7 July 1961
Moscow 12 Mar 1964
Geneva 1 Sept 1963
Leeds International Piano Competition 1963   Notturno
Aldeburgh 12 June 1965
Orford, 12 June 1964                         Libretto William Plomer
Aldeburgh 27 June 1965
MY Paris London 24 oct 1965
Aldeburgh 24 June 1965
Moscow 2 Dec 1965
Aldeburgh 19 June 1965                       flute, violin. and piano 4 hands
Orford, 24 July 1967                         Libretto William Plomer
Aldeburgh 3 June 1967                        boys’ voices
Snape, 2 June 1967                           with chorus ad. lib.
Aldeburgh 17 June 1968
Orford, 10 June 1968                         Libretto William Plomer
London 19 May 1969
Edinburgh 4 May 1975
Aldeburgh 24 June 1969
CG, London, 10 May 1973.                     Opera in two acts by Britten (libretto by Myfanwy Piper after H
Aldeburgh 26 June 1971
Aldeburgh 21 Dec 1974
Snape, Maltings 16 Jun 1973).                Opera (libretto by Myfanwy Piper, after Thomas Mann)

Schloss Elmau, Bavaria 15 Jan 1975           voice and harp
Cardiff 19 March 1975                        voice and harp
Snape, 13 June 1975
Aldeburgh 14 Sept 1975
Snape 16 June 1976
Aldeburgh 19 Dec 1975
Ipswich 11 July 1977                         young people’s chorus and orchestra
Rossini arranged by Britten and Walter Leigh




 ces composed jointly with Lennox Berkeley
t and string orchestra. withdrawn until 1979




retto by W.H. Auden); revised 1974 and given on BBC 1 Feb 1976: produced Aldeburgh, 14 Jun 1976.
Montagu Slater, based on part of Crabbe’s poem ‘The Borough’)




onald Duncan, based on Livy, Shakespeare and Obey’s Viol de Lucrèce)
ue on a Theme of Purcell




Eric Crozier, based on Maupassant’s story Le Rosier de Madame Husson)




E.M. Forster and Eric Crozier, on Herman Melville’s story)




 4th variation. Others were by Arthur Oldham, Tippett, Lennox Berkeley, Searle and Walton

  and two acts (libretto by Myfanwy Piper, after Henry James)




 ed from 1956 ballet by Philip Lankester
y Britten (libretto by Myfanwy Piper after Henry James), fp BBC TV 16 May 1971


Myfanwy Piper, after Thomas Mann)

								
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