Pyuthan Samachar - 3 by gulminews

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									                                                                    -Ko"7fg lhNnfaf6 k|sflzt klxnf] ;dfrf/d"ns klqsf_
     xfdL ;j}sf] Pp6} /f]hfO{                                                                                                                                         cfxf ! oxf“ kf] kfO{bf] /x]5
            xfdL sxfF ljleGg l8hfOgsf cfsif{s                                                                                                                                 cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/
                                   '
 ;'gsf u/uxgfx? vl/b ljlqm ug{sf ;fy} c8{/                                                                                                                           cg';f/sf cfw'lgs d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf
 adf]lhddf Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy tof/ ul/G5 .                                                                                                                               cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
    – ;fy} sKo"6/ k|ljlwaf6 gfktf}n ul/G5 .                                                                                                                          d]l;g -PSo"/]6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf
       – k'/fgf uxgfaf6 gofF uxgf ;fl6G5 .                                                                                                                           ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
                                                                                                                                                                          k'/fgf uxgf;“u gof“ uxgf ;f6\g' k/]df
           Ps gDj/ ;'g g} xfd|f] ljz]iftf                                                                                                                                        Ps dfq ljZjfl;nf] k;n
                     k|f=] ldg/fh kGyL                                                                                                                                               k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
  dxfnIdL                    ;'g rf“bL k;n                                                                                                                            Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
                 wdf{jtL–! jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                  df]=g+= M (*$&*@)&^$                                             /fli6«o ;fKtflxs                                                                                      jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                                             df]=g+= M (*$$()(@#^÷(*$&%)@%$@

      jif{ !!, c+s #, @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                 (Pyuthan Samachar National Weekly 2 Nov.. 2011)                                       k[i7 M *            d"No M %
             ^ xhf/ % ;o n8fs' ;dfof]hg x'g,] j}B kIfsf] c;xdtL
                                                                                                                                         kGw| aif{ kl5 kqmfp
  kf“r aif{kl5 csf]{ zflGt ;Demf}tf
              Ko" 7 fg       -Ko" ; ;_÷ kfF r    @ ut] d / lul/hfafa' aLr ePsf]                cl3 a9\g] atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],
                                                                                                                                                     Ko"7fg÷ jif{ cl3 xTof
                                                                                                                                                         fg÷kGw|
                                                                                                                                         cleof]usf km/f/ cleo'Qm kqmfp k/]sf
                                                                                                                                         5g\ . @)%# ;fndf cfkm\g} efO{ bnl;+x
                                                                                                                                                                                      atfpg'eof] . pFxfsf cg';f/ a'9fnfO{ @)
                                                                                                                                                                                      jif{ s}b ;hfo x'g5 .]
                                                                                                                                                                                                  @)%# ;fn ebf} @$ ut]
jif{b]lv yftL /x]sf] zflGt k|lqmof /             ;xdltn] ;fy{stf kfPsf] 5 .Ú                   …ls/0f / afbnhLn] c;xdlt /fVg'ePsf]       a'9fsf] xTof u/L km/f/ /x]sf Ko"7fg          lslt{dfg a'9f / k|ltdfg a'9fn] efO{ bnl;+x
;+ l jwfg lgdf{ 0 f ;DkGg ug{ k| d ' v                      bfxfnn] /fi6« , hgtf /             5, pFxfx?sf] lj/f]w hgjfbL s]Gb|Lotfsf    :ofpnLjfª–% sf k|ltdfg a'9f kqmfp            a'9fnfO{ :ofpnLjfªdf xTof u/]sf] k|x/Ln]
/fhgLlts bnn] ;fta'Fb] …P]ltxfl;sÚ               Oltxf;nfO{ ;fIfL /fv]/ ;xdlt ePsf]            cfwf/df xf], o;n] kf6L{df s'g} c;/        k/]sf x'g\ . ;'/fsLsf] cfwf/df a'9fnfO{      hgfPsf] 5 . 36gf kZrft lslt{dfg a'9fnfO{
;xdlt u/]sf 5g\ . k|wfgdGqL lgjf;                pNn]v ub}{ zflGt / ;+ljwfgdf hgtfsf]          ub}{g, Pstf eP/ cl3 a9\5 .Ú               ltxf/ cl3 kqmfp ul/Psf] xf] .                eg] k|x/Ln] tTsfn kqm]sf] lyof] . a'9f xfn
afn'jf6f/df d+unaf/ ;fFem tLg bnsf               rfxgf o;n] ;fsf/ kfg]{ atfpg'eof] .                     sf+ u | ] ; ;efklt ;' z Ln                  kqmfp kZrft cfOtjf/              bfª sf/fuf/df /x]sf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .
k|d'v / dw];L df]rf{sf g]tfx?n] ;+o'Qm           pkfWoIf df] x g a} B ;d' x n] /fv] s f]       sf]O/fnfn] ;xdlt P]ltxfl;s ePsf]          cbfntsf] km};nf cg';f/ ;j{:j ;lxt            kGw|jif{ kl5 kqmfp k/]sf a'9fn] cfkm" s]lx
x:tfIf/ u/L n8fs' ;dfof]hg nufotsf               c;xdltn] ;xdlt sfof{Gjogdf ;d:of              l6Kk0fL ug' { e of] . sf] O /fnfn]        hGds}bsf] nflu sf/fuf/ rnfg ul/Psf]          jif{ ef/tdf / kl5 bfªdf l/S;f rnfP/
c;xdlt ePsf clwsf+z ljifo 6'+Uofpg]              gkg]{ bfaL ub}{ pFxfn] kf6L{ Pstfj4 eP/                          af“sL * k]hdf ====     k|x/L ;xfos lgl/Ifs /fd axfb'/ dxt/fn]       a:b} cfPsf] k|x/LnfO{ atfPsf 5g\ .
;xdlt u/]sf 5g\ .
           ]|
                dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn
bfxfn, sf+u; ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf, Pdfn]
cWoIf emngfy vgfn / dw];L df]rf{sf
                                                  s] df]xgljqmd ;fj{hlgs x'g' ePsf] xf] < s/]G6 5, alQ af]Nb}g
                                                                            ;_÷;fd'
                                                            Ko" 7 fg -Ko" ; ;_÷ b flos /] l 8of]
tkm{af6 ljhos'df/ uR5bf/n] x:tfIf/ u/]sf]        Ko"7fgsf] t]>f] jflif{s pT;jsf cj;/df Ps jif{                                                      r' F h f -Ko" ; ;_÷ r' F h f–^    k|sfz g} cfpFb}g\, Go"gtd z'Ns *)
;xdltdf a9Ldf ^ xhf/ % ;o n8fs'                                                                                                          l;pt]df ljt/0f ul/Psf] ljB't s/]G6           klg ld6/df gp7\ g ] u/] s f] tNnf
                                                                                  +
                                                 klxn] g]kfn ko{6g jf]8{ sf7df08f}df cfof]hgf u/]sf]                                     dfq cfpg] alQ gaf]Ng] u/]sf] :yfgLon]        l;pt]sf uf]/ axfb'/ lh=;L=n] Ko"7fg
;dfof]hg ul/g] pNn]v 5 . g]kfnL ;]gf             Ps ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf ;xefuL eP/ ;+rf/
                   {
cGt{ut dxflgb]zgfno agfpg] h;df ;'/Iff                                                                                                   u' g f;f] u/] s f 5g\ . ;F f em k/] k l5     ;dfrf/;Fu u'gf;f] kf]Vg'eof] . 6r{ nfO{6
                                                 dfWoddf rrf{df cfpg'ePsf g]skf d;fnsf                                                   lwlklwlk dfq jNj jNg] u/]klg pHofnf]
lgsfoaf6 ^% k|ltzt / n8fs'af6 #%                 e'ldut g]tf df]xg ljqmd l;+x km]/L Ps k6s                                                                                                            af“sL ^ k]hdf ====
                                 {
k|ltzt /xg]5g\ . dxflgb]zgfnosf] sfo{            rrf{df cfpg'ePsf] 5 .
ljsf; lgdf{0f, jg ;'/Iff, cf}Bf]lus ;'/Iff
/ ljkb\ Joj:yfkg x'g5 .   ]
                                                            k'iknfn :d[lt k|lti7fgn] cfOtjf/                                                cfsif{s 3/ ;hfj6sf nflu
                                                 /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf ;xefuL eP/ pxfF
                zflGt k|lqmof, ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f
/ /fli6«o ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf
                                                 rrf{df cfpg'ePsf] xf] . sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ePsf]                                                 /+u/f]ugn] 3/ ;'Gb/ agfpg] tkfO{sf] ;kgf k'/f
ljifo ;d]6/ ePsf] ;fta'b] zflGt k|lqmof
              ]                F                 tl:j/ ;+rf/ dfWoddf k|sfzgsf nflu l;+xn] cg'dtL                                          u5{ j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{ ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgn] .
/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf Pp6f cWofo cGTo                                                  '
                                                 lbP kl5 pxfF rrf{ a6'Ng ;kmn x'gePsf] 5 .
                                                            tl:j/ k| s fzg ePs} sf/0f pxfF                                                xfdLsxf“ Ogfd]n, job/ uf8{, r'gf, k]G6, 8f]/ cfO6d, kbf{, sf“6L, sJhf, olt
ePsf] l6Kk0fL k|d'v bnsf zLif{ g]tfn]                                                                                                     sfk]{6, Knfli6s sfk]{6, lsrg tyf afy?dsf nflu cfjZos ;Dk'0f{ ;fdu|Lx?
u/]sf 5g\ . dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnn]              ;fj{hlgs ePsf] xNnf ePtf klg pxfF cflwsfl/s
                                                 ?kdf ;fj{hlgs gePsf] atfOPsf] 5 .                                                        v'b|f tyf xf]n;]n ljlqm ul/G5 . ;fy} cTofw'lgs d]lzgjf6 sn/ jgfOG5 .
;xdltkqdf x:tfIf/ u/] k l5
;+rf/sdL{;Fu ;+lIfKt s'/f ub}{ ;xdltn]                      /fhwfgLdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf /fhgLlts                                            g]kfn zfnLdf/ k]G6\;sf] Ko"7fg :yLt cflwsf/Ls ljqm]tf
Pp6f cWofo cGTo u/]sf] atfpg'eof] .              bnsf g]tfsf ;fy} cw{el' dut g]tf l;+x;Fu dfcf]jfbL
                      F
pFxfn] pT;flxt x'b} eGg'eof],…@)^# c;f/          g]tf df]xg a}B, sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf ;+:yfks hLljt                                                                       k| f ] M nf] s jxfb' / j:g] t
                                                                     af“sL * k]hdf ====                                                                            j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{
                                                                                                                                                         ljh'jf/ -sflnsf rnlrq ejgsf] cuf8L_, Ko"7fg
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cfo'jbdf cf}ifwLsf] cefj                                                                                                                         ;Dks{ M )*^–$^)$^&, df]jfOn M (*%&*#!!(%÷(*$&(^!^%@

                                                                                                                                                                 Ps gh/ Ptf=====
            Ko" 7 fg -Ko" ; ;_ ÷                 vfnL kmsf{pg afWo 5f} .Ú ljefuaf6 g}          $( xhf/ ?k}of /x]sf] 5 . of] /sd
;b/d' s fddf /x] s f] lhNnf cfo' j ] { b         Ps jif{df Ps k6s cfjZostf eGbf lgSs}          ut cfly{s jif{df ljefun] cg'bfg                     cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/ cg';f/sf cfw'lgs
:jf:Yo s]Gb|df a9L dfqfdf k|of]udf                                      ]
                                                 sd cf}ifwL cfpg] u/]sf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof]     :j?k k|lt lj/fdL % ?k}ofFsf b/n]           d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
cfpg] cf}ifwLsf] cefj ePsf] 5 .                  . pxfFn] eGg'eof], …ljefuaf6 cfPsf] cf}ifwL   k7fPsf] xf] . ;ldltsf] a}7s ;d]t
            ljz]ifu/L cfo'jbdf Uof:6«Ls,
                              {]                 jif{e/L k'¥ofpg d':sLn k5{ .Ú                 a:g g;s] s fn] of] /sd vr{ x' g                            ]
                                                                                                                                          d]l;g -PSo"/6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{
                                                                                                                                          ;Demg'xf];\ .                          /
:qL/f]u, aft/f]u, hlG8;, k]6 ;DjGwLsf                        cfo'j]{bdf lqkmnf nufotsf         g;s]sf] s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 . :yfgLo                                             Lu
lj/fdLx? w]/} cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . t/               cf}ifwL agfpg] d]l;g Ps dlxgfb]vL             ljsf; clwsf/Lsf] ;+of]hsTjdf uflj;                                      sng <
                                                                                                                                                                  }, gS ] f l              k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
s]Gb|df log} lj/fdLx?sf nflu cfjZos              ljlu|P/ ylGsPsf] 5 . d]l;gsf] dd{t            ;lrj, s]Gb|sf k|ltlglw nufot (
                                                                                                                                                            ]f;\ x g' xfn
cf}ifwLsf] cefj ePsf] Ps dlxgf al9               ug{ g;Sbf ljefuaf6 cfpg] cf}iflw              ;b:o ;ldlt /xg] Joj:yf 5 .                               'x u
                                                                                                                                                    x'g l                  Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
ljt]sf]5 . lqkmnf, /f]lxtSofbL, ;tfe/L,          dfq geP/ oxL pTkfbg x'g] cf}ifwLsf]                       cfo'j]{b k'Ug] lj/fdLx?nfO{          wfg faf6 7                                      ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
cleklQs/ nufotsf dxTjk"0f{ cf}ifwL               klg cefj /x]sf] s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 .           af6f]sf] ;d:ofn] ckfO{ kf/]sf] :yfgLo         ;fj uxg
                                                                                                                                                                                   df]=g+= M (*$&(*)#*%÷(&$*%!(!^(
s]Gb|df ;lsPsf] 5 . lhNnfaf6} pTkfbg             …cf}ifwL agfpg] cfjZos hl8j'6L klg            jtfpF5g\ . cfo'j]{b ;Dd k'Ugsf] nflu
ePsf] hl8j'6Laf6 agfOg] oL cf}ifwLsf]            :6f]/d} /flvPsf] 5 .Ú Gof}kfg]n] eGg'eof],    df] 6 /af6f] agfpg lhNnf ljsf;
cefj ePsf] xf] .                                 …d]l;g dd{t ug{sf] nflu s]Gb|;Fu ah]6         ;ldltnfO{ cg'/f]w u/]klg cfZjf;g
            b} l gs !)÷!% hgfsf]                 ;d]t 5}g\ .Ú d]l;g agfpgsf] nflu              dfq kfPsf] s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 . xfn
cg'kftdf lj/fdLx? cfpg] u/]sf] s]Gb|n]           lhNnf aflx/ n} h fg' k g] { ePsfn]            cfo'j]{bdf % hgf sd{rf/L /x]sf 5g\
                          F
hgfPsf] 5 . cf}ifwL gx'bf lj/fdLx? vfnL          ljefudf hfgsf/L u/fPsf] s] G b| n ]           eg] sfof{no k|d'v ljlxg ePsf] em08}
kms{g' k/]sf] 5 . s]Gb|sf a}B yfg]Zj/            hgfPsf] 5 . lhNnf cfo'j]{b :jf:Yo             tLg jif{ ljt]sf] 5 .
Gof}kfg]n] eGg'eof], …cf}ifwL gePs} sf/0f        s]Gb| ;+rfng tyf Joj:yfkg ;ldltdf                     – z'l;n >]i7÷k|lzIffyL{ kqsf/




      æ3/ 3/df rkL{ lhNnfsf] zfg, k"0f{ ;/;kmfO{ o'Qm Ko"7fg xfd|f] klxrfgÆ æ;g\ @)!#, ;/;kmfO{ k"0f{ Ko"7fg x]/Æ
 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                            @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                           @
                       ;Dkfbs÷k|sfzs                                                                                      b[ l i6sf] 0 f
                         Odfgl;+x ef/tL
    sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs
         ljho l;+x ef/tL
      k| d ' v ;Djfbbftf
                                              ;Nnfxsf/
                                            l6sf/fd zdf{ l/hfn
                                                                      kf6L{ ljefhgsf] kl/0ffd
                                             nf]s axfb'/ a:g]t                      kf6L{x? km'6]/ nf]stGq alnof]         cfkm"nfO{ k|hftflGqs ;dfhjfbL g} eG5g\                        k| b Lk g] k fn
              ;'hn >]i7                                               x' F b } g . To;} n ] nf] s tGqsf ;Rrf              . ;'zLn sf]O/fnf t oyfy{d} k|hftflGqs
          Joj:yfks                         sfg" g L ;Nnfxsf/          cg'ofoLx?n] kf6L{ km'6"g egL sfdgf ug{              ;dfhjfbdf ljZjf; ug]{ g]tf x'g\ .            clxn]sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] kf6L{ xf] . )#!
             s]z/ /f]sf                     /d]z k|;fb /fhe08f/L      ldNb}g . g]kfndf ;Qf r]tgfsf lx;fadf                             To;f] eP sf+ u | ] ; leqsf]     ;fndf rf}yf] dxflwj]zg u/]/ ;+ul7t
                         k| w fg sfof{ n o                            nf]stGqsf] ldof] /fhgLlts bnx? ePsf                 lsrnf]sf] w/ftn s] xf] < Tof] w/ftn xf]      x'gyfn]sf] of] kf6L{sf dfg;g]tf clxn]
                         vn+uf–%, Ko'7fg                              5g\ . gful/snfO{ clxn]sf] s'g} /fhgLlts             g]tfx?sf] 6fpsfdf 6\o'd/ eP/ a;]sf]          klg df]xgljqmd l;+x g} x'g\ . rf}yf]
               kmf]g÷km\ofS; M )*^–$@))((÷$@)))@                      bnx?n] nf]stGqsf] ldof] dfg]sf 5}gg\                ;fdGtjfb . d'n's u0ftflGqs eO;Sof]           dxflwj]zg ;Fu} k'g{u7gsf] k|lqmofdf
                                                                      . hgtf / /fhgLlts bnx? olta]nf                      . u0ftGqs} af6f]af6 dfq k|fKt x'G5           nfu]sf] of] kf6L{ b'ef{UojzM b; jif{ klg
              O{d]n M pyuthansamachar@yahoo.com                       cf]Nnf] / kNnf] 8fF8fsf afl;Gbf ePsf                k| h ftflGqs ;dfhjfb g] k fndf .             glaTb} 6'lqmg yfNof] . PskN6 o;sf
                              d' b | 0 f                              5g\ . o:tf] l:yltdf Pp6f l6Kk0fLsf/n]               k|hftflGqs ;dfhjfb, g]kfnL sf+u|];           rf/kfFr xfFuf ePsf lyP . kl5Nnf] sfndf
        ef/tL 5fkfvfgf tyf :6]zg/L pBf]u vn+uf, Ko"7fg                …gful/snfO{ nf]stGqsf] ldof] dfgÚ eg]/              kf6L{sf] lgisif{df zf;sLo nIo k|flKt         df]xgljqmd l;+xnfO{ ;Dk"0f{tfd} alxisf/
           kmf]g M )*^–$@))((÷(*$&*@))((÷(*$&*#*%(#                   hlt s/fP klg /fhgLlts bnsf                          xf] lsgeg] /fhtGq /x];Dd g]kfndf             u/]/ of] k'g{ul7t x'g yfn]sf] lyof] .
                                                                      g]tfx?sf] sfgdf Tof] cfjfh k'Ub}g xf]nf             k'FhLjfbsf] ljsf; x'g ;Sb}g eGg] lgisif{     jfdb]jn] k7fOlbg'ePsf dfn]sf sfo{stf{
                        sDKo"6/ n]–cfp6                               . hgtf;Fusf] ;flGgWo sdhf]/ ePsf]                                                                s] x L /fhfjfbLnfO{ 5f] l 8lbg] xf] eg]
                                                                                                                          g} )^@÷^# sf] hgcfGbf]ng xf] .
             n]sfnL sDKo"6;{ P08 df]jfO{N;                            x'gfn], hgtfsf cfjZostfnfO{ a'em\g]                              1fgsf] ;fdfGo lgisif{ d f       clxn]sf] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL )#!
          kmf]g M )*^–$@))$)÷(*$&*@)#@)÷(*$&*@)(((                    / ltgsf] ;dfwfgdf rf;f] glbg] x'gfn]                pleg] xf] eg] sf+u|];leqsf ;a}vfn]           ;fndf df]xgljqmd l;+xsf] g]t[Tjdf
                                                                      g} /fhgLlts bn / hgtfaLrsf] ;DaGw                   ljjfbx? bf];|f] hgcfGbf]ngsf] ljho;Fu}       ;+ul7t kf6L{s} lg/Gt/tf xf] . 6'lqmg]
hLjg lgtfGt 5f]6f] 5 / xfdL jt{dfgdf afFRg l;Sg' k5{ – cp8«L nf]8{    ;]t' olta]nf r'Fl8Psf] 5 .                          ;dfKt x'g'kg]{ lyof] . t/ ;'zLn sf]O/fnf     qmddf )#! ;fnsf] kf6L{ sf] x L
                                                                                    hgtf;Fu s'g} ;/f]sf/ gePs}            / z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf] lbdfudf ePsf]           pu|jfdlt/ nfu] eg] sf]xL hgtfdf
                                                                      x'gfn] hgtfsf ;Rrf k|ltlglw egL x'sf/         +     …h+ u ] n ] eg] k l5 eGof] eGof] Ú eGg]      ;dflxt eP/ ;;fgf laGb' eP/ x/fP .

 ;DkfbsLo                                    ===========
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                                                                      eg]{ /fhgLlts bnx? km'6sf 5g\ of km'6sf]
                                                                      ;+3f/df pleP/ nf]stGQsf] /ldtf x]l//x]sf
                                                                      5g\ . l;4fGtsf] hudf gplePsf bnx?
                                                                      km'6\g' ;fx|} 7"nf] b'3 { 6 gf x' F b } g . t/
                                                                                                                          pu|;fdGtL r]tn] g]kfnL sf+u|]; kf6L{nfO{
                                                                                                                          k|hftflGqs ;dfhjfb / nf]stflGqs
                                                                                                                          u0ftGqsf] 1fg lbg ;ls/x]sf] 5}g .
                                                                                                                                                                       lxhf] emfkfsfnLg /fhgLltnfO{
                                                                                                                                                                       …pu|jfdkGyL afn/f]uÚ eGg] ljz]if0f lbg],
                                                                                                                                                                       clxn]sf] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL, :jo+
                                                                                                                                                                       ToxL pu|jfdkGyL afn/f]usf] l;sf/ ePsf]
                                                                                                                                       To;} n ] g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ;
                                                                      k| h ftflGqs ;dfhjfbsf] l;4fGtdf                    kf6L{leqsf nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] r]t          5 . eLif0f 4G4 5 dfcf]jfbL kf6L{leq .
;xdlt leq c;xdlt                                                      plePsf] elgPsf] g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ; /
                                                                      ;dfhjfbL k|hftGqsf] hudf plePsf
                                                                      elgPsf dfcf]jfbL, Pdfn] nufotsf
                                                                                                                          /fVg] o'jfx?n] lhDbf/L lbdfusf] o:tf]
                                                                                                                          emu8fnfO{ lg:t]h u/fpg ljz]if e"ldsf
                                                                                                                                                                       Tof] 4G4 g]kfnL sf+u|]; cyjf g]skf
                                                                                                                                                                       Pdfn]leqsf] h:tf] 5}g . Tof] Pp6f
                                                                                                                                                                       ;}4flGts ;+3if{ xf], j}rfl/s ;+3if{ xf] .
                                                                                                                          lgjf{x ug'{k5{ . cfhsf] cj:yfdf klg
                                                 '
          bz jif{] hgo'4af6 cfqmfGt ePsf] d'nsnfO{ lbNnLdf                                        \
                                                                      sDo'lgi6 kf6L{x? km'6g' /fhgLltsf] b'Mvb\
                                                                      k|;u x'G5 lsgeg] nf]stGqsf] /Iff, ;+j4{g
                                                                            +
                                                                                                                          ;'zLn sf]O/fnf / z]/axfb'/ b]pjfsf]          /0fgLlt Pp6} eP klg sfo{gLltaLrsf]
                                                                                                                                                                       ldNg} g;lsg] ;+ 3 if{ xf] . PsLs[ t
                                                                                                                          k'R5]« eP/ dfq} kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo j[Qdf
                F
ePsf] !@ a'b] ;xdltb]lv d+unjf/ /flt ePsf] ;ft a'b]               F   / ljsf;sf] lhDd]jf/L l;4fGt / gLlt af]ssf       ]   al;/xg ;lsG5 eGg] unt ;f]+rnfO{              dfcf]jfbLleq of t df]xg j}Bn] PSsfO;f}+
                                                                      /fhgLlts bnx?s} sfFwdf hfG5 .                       cfkm\gf] z/L/af6 wf]OkvfnL u/]/ aflx/        ztfAbLsf] j:t' u t cj:yfsf] ;xL
                                     '
;xdlt ;xdlt;Dd cfOk'Ubf d'nsdf zflGtsf] dfu{ v'nsf]         ]                           ]|              \
                                                                                    sf+u; PskN6 km'6of] . To;n]           km\ofFSg'k5{ .                               ljZn]if0f u/L …nf]stflGqs u0ftGqnfO{
                                                                      nf]stGqnfO{ alnof] agfpg ;s]g . pN6}                             clxn] g] s kf Pdfn] l eq        pkof]u ub}{ gf}nf] hgjfbdf hfg] / atft\
dxz'; ePsf] 5 . t/ Tolx ;xdlt;Fu} ;/sf/sf] g]tTj              [       Tof] ljefhgn] HjfOF / h]7fgsf] ;DaGwnfO{            kf]xf]/k/f/sf] h:tf] lsrnf] 5}g . Pdfn]sf]   ;Qf sAhfsf] l;4fGtnfO{ r6Ss} 5f8\gÚ]
                                                                      alnof] agfpg] / e}kl/ /fhf ePsf                     Pp6f 7"nf] k+lQmn] …;Qfaflx/ ePsf] x'gfn]    sfo{gLlt lng'k5{ of k|r08 afa'/fdsf]
ul//x]sf] / zflGt k|lqmofsf] l;+uf] lx:;]bf/ bn Pg]skf                h] 7 fgnfO{ ;Qf x:tut ug{ ;lhnf]                    jfSo'4 gePsf] xf]Ú eGg] ljZjf; lnPsf]        xfnsf] 6f]nLn] cfkm\gf] pkof]usf] sfo{gLlt
dfcf]jfbLsf] a}B kIf eg]/ dflgg] pkfWoIf df]xg a}B /                  agfpg] sfd u¥of] . Pdfn] klg PskN6                  5 . o:t} xf];\ / g]skf Pdfn]sf …jl/i7Ú       kl/Tofu u/L anft\ ;Qf sAhf ug]{ df]xg
                                                                              \            ]
                                                                      km'6of] . Tof] gkm'6sf] eP dfcf]jfbL lx+;fn]        g]tfx?nfO{ 1fg xf];\– dbg e08f/Ln]           j}Bsf] sfo{gLltsf] z/0f kg'{k5{ .
                                         ]
dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf afbnn] v'n/} of] ;xdlt /fi6«lxt                                       {
                                                                      ;q ;q xhf/ lgbf]if g]kfnLsf] Hofg lng               cfkm\ g f] sfo{ q md nfu" ug{ ;lsg]                      cfhsf] cfjZostf PsLs[t
                                                                      Eofpg] lyPg . k|sf/fGt/n] Tof] ljefhgn]             cj:yfdf dfq} ;/sf/ agfpg'k5{ eg]sf           g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf] ljefhg xf]Og, ;'b[9
ljkl/t ePsf] eg]sf 5g\ .                                              klg d'n'ssf] blIf0fkGyL zlQmnfO{ g}                 lyP . emu8fsf] Pp6f alnof] cfwf/ eg]sf]      Pstf g} xf] . dfcf]jfbL km'6f];\ eg]/
                                                                      x'ls{gsf nflu dnhn u/]sf] lyof] .                   sfo{qmdljxLg ;/sf/df ;fd]n x'g' xf]          cfqmf] z kf] V g] x ?n] klg nf] s tflGqs
          kf6L{ leq a9\b} uPsf] ljs[lt / lj;+ultsf lj?4 /fi6«                       clxn] sf+u|];leqsf] lsrnf]sf]         eGg] 1fg ltgn] kfP eg] Pdfn]n] /fli6«o       u0ftGqsf] g] k fnsf] lxtdf ;f] R g
                                                                      kl/0ffd klg ;'vb' x'g]5}g . km]l/ HjfO{F            /fhgLltdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng ;S5          ;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ . dfcf]jfbL aLrsf]
JofkL ?kdf ;fdgf kl/jf/n] a}B kIfnfO{ ;dy{g ub{} ;f:s[lts             h]7fgsf] nugufF7f] sl;Pnf eGg t                     lsgeg] jfSo'4df lg/Gt/ nflu/x]sf             ljefhgn] c:yfoL sfnsf nflu eP klg
sfo{qmd dfkm{t ;+:yfkg kIfnfO{ cfnf]rgf ub{} kf6L{ gLlt               ;lsFb}g . t/ sf++u|]; km]l/ lrl/of] eg]             Pdfn]sf g]tfx? ;a}n] Psdtn] :jLsf/           d'n'snfO{ /Q/l~ht g} t'Nofpg]5 . xf]nf,
                                                                      nf]stflGqsnfO{ g} wSsf nfU5 . sf+u;sf]     ]|       u/]sf] l;4fGt eg]sf] hgtfsf] ax'bnLo         anft\ sAhf ug]{ sfo{gLlt af]s]sfx?df
lj?4 plePsf] cf/f]k nufpb} cfPsf] 5 . cWoIf k|r08                     ljefhgn] nf]stflGqs u0ftGqafx]s c?
                                                                      s;} n fO{ gf] S ;fg k' ¥ ofpF b } g lsgeg]
                                                                                                                          hgjfb xf] / of] l;4fGt g} ;xL cy{df          g]t[Tj sf}zn 5}g . df]xg j}BhL dxfdGqL
                                                                                                                                                                       ePsf] ;dodf …o'4fEof;Ú sf ?kdf
                                                                                                                          dfS;{jfbL nf]stGqsf] w/ftn xf] .
l;nu'9L uP/ …/Úsf k|ltlglw;Fu e]63f6 u/]sf] cf/f]k xf];,\                                      ]|
                                                                      ljefhgsf nflu sf+u;;Fu s'g} ;}4flGts                             ca cfpF5 PsLs[t g]skf           yflnPsf] ;]S6/ tf]8 cfGbf]ng c;kmn
                                                                      w/ftn 5}g . z]/axfb'/ b]pjfn] klg                   dfcf]jfbLsf] kfnf] . dfcf]jfbL kf6L{                             af“sL ^ k]hdf ====
                      ]
cyjf lbNnL k'u/ k|wfgdGqL 8f=afa'/fd e§/fO{n] u/]sf] ljkf
;Demf}tf xf];,\ lo ;j}nfO{ /fi6« lj/f]wLsf] ?kdf kf6l{ ;+:yfkg
kIf plePsf] hgfPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] r/0fdf ePsf] ;ft a'b]           F
                                                                       r}t] kqsf/
                  {
;xdltn] k'g:yfkgfdf hfg] n8fs'x?nfO{ clwstd ( nfv                                 /fi6«sf] rf}yf] cË s'g xf] eg]/         kIfsf klg ljkIf x'g s] a]/ . /fhg}lts
                                                                                                                          g]tfsf] emu8f dfq xf]Og hf]Okf]Osf]
                                                                       k|Zg ;f]Wg gkfpb} pQ/ lgl:sxfN5
;Ddsf] /fxt / ^ xhf/ % ;o n8fs'nfO{ ;]gfdf ;dfof]hg                    kqsf/ . x'g klg gfs, sfg / 3f6L                    emu8fdf ;d]t kqsfl/tfsf] xft x'G5 .
                                                                       kl5sf] cË g} dfGg' k5{ kqsfl/tfnfO{ .              ljleGg ;ef ;df/f]xdf af]Ng] jQmf k'u'g
ug{] ;xdlt k|lt klg cfh b]lv c;xdlt hfx]/ ub{} kqsf/                   lsgsL lx/f]l;dfsf] adb]lv lnP/ lxdfnL              jf gk'u'g ToxfF kqsf/sf] 3'Orf] e} ;S5                             dfwj kf]v|]n
                                                                       lhNnfsf] xf] d axfb' / kqsfl/tfsf                  . cfhsn t xftdf Dofssf] 3f]rf] lnP/
;Dd]ng / /fi6«JofkL ?kdf lj/f]w ug{] tof/L ul//x]sf] 5 .               ljifoleq kb{5g\ . ;~r/sf] ljsf;n]                  g]tfsf] y't'gf]df hf]8g tD;g] kqsf/x?        hfgsf/L gkfPsf klg xf]Ogg\ t/ b'O
                                                                       hlt kqsfl/tf If]qsf] ljsf; ePsf] 5                 klg y'k|} b]lvg yfn]sf 5g\ 6]lnlehgdf        gDa/L dflns / b'O rf/ lbgsf] kqsf/
kf6L{ gLlt lj?4 plePsf] ;+:yfkg kIfnfO{ bl/nf] emfk8 lbg]              Tolt cGo If]qdf ePsf] 5}g eGbf klg                 . g]tfsf] egfO{sf] nflu dfq dfOs t];f{P      e]6 eP eg] h:tf];'s} ck/fw eP klg
                                                                       km/fs gknf{ . ;fwf/0f 36gfb]lv lnP/                t x'GYof] lg h:tf];'s} b'3{6gfdf k/]/        b'wn] g'xfPsf] h:t} rf]vf] agfpg] sfd
tof/L e}/x]sf] dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf afbnn] hgfPkl5                   ljlzi6 36gf;Ddsf] jofg j0f{g / avfg                d'5f{ k/]sf] 3fO{t] g} lsg g xf];\ gfgL      klg kqsf/sf] g} x'G5 . lxGb'x?sf]
                                                                       o;df ul/g] ePsf]n] g} o;sf] dxTjdf                 b]lv nfu]sf] afgL sxfF hfcf];\ t];f{OxfN5g   wd{zf:qsf] dfGotf cg';f/ hlt;'s}
                        [
zflGt k|lqmofsf] g]tTj ul//x]sf] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ g} of] 7"nf]            a9f]Q/L cfPsf] xf] . hxfF /lj k'Ub}gg                                                           ck/fw u/] klg kz' k ltsf] bz{ g ,
                                                                       ToxfF slj k' U 5g eGg] pvfgnfO{                                                                 ;f]djf/sf] jt{ clg s] s] xf] bfg u/]
r'gf}tL ePsf] 5 . ef]nLb]lv z'? x'g] s]lGb|o sldl6sf] a}7s             kl/dflh{t u/]/ hxfF xfjf ;d]t k'Ub}g                rf:; r':;                                   kl5 h:tf];'s} kfk klg gfl;G5 eg] em}
                                                                       ToxfF kqsf/ k'Ub5g eGbf cTo"lQm gxf]nf                                                          h:tf];'s} b'O{ gDa/L / sfnf] wGbf eP
                                             '
klg lo o:t} ljifox?df ljjfbL /xL d'ns / d'nsjf;Ln]     '               . x'g klg kqsf/ gk'usf] / kqsf/n]
                                                                                                  ]                       3f]rf] clg ;f]Wb5g of] b'3{6gf s;/L          klg kqsf/nfO{ kl/qmdf u/]/ e]6L r9fP
vf]hsf] zflGt k|lqmof cufl8 a9\g] df z+sf pTkGg ePsf] 5
      ]                                                                gb]vsf] s'g} To:tf] lrh g} 5}g xf]nf .
                                                                             ]                                            eof] <, tkfO{nfO{ clxn] s:tf] dxz';          kl5 ;a} l7s e} xfN5 .
                                                                       cd]l/sL /fi6«kltsf] a]8?d b]lv lnP/                e}/x]sf] 5 <, b'3{6gfsf] ;a}eGbf a9L                    ;dfhsf uGodfGg] b]lv lnP/
              '
. h] xf];\ d'nsn] rf8f] eGbf rf8f] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ul/ zflGt           ef/tLo ;f+;bsf] afy?d;Dd kqsfl/tf
                                                                       If]q leqsf s'/f kb{5g\ . kqsfl/tfn]
                                                                                                                          3fOt] tkfO xf] < OTofbL k|Zg ;f]w]/
                                                                                                                          3fO{t]nfO{ cemf 3fOt] agfpg] sfd x'G3
                                                                                                                                                                       wGodfGo, sGodfGo ;a} kqsf/Ltfsf
                                                                                                                                                                       ljifoj:t' x'g\ . /fdb]jsf] of]ub]lv lnP/
k|lqmofsf] ;fy{s lgisif{ lgsfNg ;Sof] eg] dfq dfcf]jfbL                /fhg}lts, ;fdflhs, cfly{s, wfld{s,                 clg l6=eL= xf] ls l8=le= df nfOe             ;f;'a'xf/Lsf] 9f]u clg ul/aLsf] ef]s,
                                                                                                                                                                       zf]s ;a}df kqsf/Ltfn] snd rnfPsf]
                                                                       dgf]/~hgfTds ;a} If]qdf cfˆgf] 5'§}                36gfdf k/]sf] AolQm b]vfPsf] eg]/ dVv
                                 '
zflGt k|lqmofdf cfPsf] / d'nsdf /fhtGqsf] ;dflKt kl5                   klxrfg agfO{;s]sf] 5 .                             k5{g . 3fOt]sf] p4f/ / pgLx?sf] ;xof]u       x'G5 . cfˆg} k'qsf] af/]df Tolt yfx
                                                                                  kqsfl/tfsf] k|dv If]q eg]sf]
                                                                                                    '                     ug'{ t stf xf] stf pN6} 3fOt]nfO{ cNemfO     x'b}g xfd|f kqsf/x?nfO{ t/ cfˆgf]
k|fKt ePsf] u0ftGqsf] ;+:yfut ljsf; x'g5 .     ]                       /fhg}lts If]q xf] . ljZjdf /fhgLlt                 3fpnfO{ aNemfpg] sfo{ ug{ ;d]t kl5           7fpFdf sf] s:tf] s] ub}{ 5 ;a yfx
                                                                       gx'g] xf] eg] cfwf kqsf/sf] uf; g}                 kb}{gg cfhsf cnkqsf/x? .                     x'G5 . ljjxf u/]sf] xKtf lbgdf hGdg]
          ;xdlt leq c;xdlt vf]lh /xg] g]kfnL k/Dk/fsf]                 vf]l;G5 eg] klg x'G5 . sxfF s] eof]                           kqsf/n] cfhsf] ljZjnfO{           ;Gtfgsf s'/f x'g ls ljjxf u/]sf]
                                                                       b]zsf] kIf, k|ltkIf, g]tf dGqLn] sxfF–             gofF lbzf b]vfpg] sfo{ ul//x]sf 5g\ .        kGw|jif{df aRrf ghGdLPsf s'/f x'g
cGTo u/]/ c;xdlt leq klg ;xdlt h'6fpg ;s] dfq Tof]                     sxfF s]–s] eg] ;a} s'/f kqsfl/tfsf]                kqsf/ gk'u]sf] / gb]v]sf] 7fpF g} 5}g        ;a} kqsfl/tfsf ljifo k/] . xfg] klg
                                                                       If]qleq k5{5g\ . /fhgLltdf kIf / ljkIf             eg] klg x' G 5 . >Ldfg\ >Ldltsf]             ljifo, lk6] klg ljifo, sfd u/] klg
                    ]
/fi6«sf] g]tf x'g5 . g]kfn leq /fi6«sf] g]tfsf] cefj e}/x]sf]          aLrsf] emu8fsf] ljp /f]Kg klg kqsf/                emu8fb] l v lnP/ s' s ' / lj/fnfsf]          ljifo, sfd gu/] klg ljifo, hGd] klg
                                                                       vlKk; g} x'G5g . x'b} gePsf] / eP                  emu8fnfO{ ;d] t ;dfrf/sf] ljifo              ljifo, d/] klg ljifo, vfP klg ljifo,
5 . kf6l{ g]tf dfq x'g] k/Dk/fn] ;xdlt leq c;xdlt dfq                  klg ;fgf]ltgf] 36gfnfO{ klg ltnnfO{                agfOg'n] kqsfl/tfsf] If]qsf] lj:tf/tf        gvfP klg ljifo o:tf ljifo / If]q
                                                                       kxf8 agfPem} u/]/ a9fO{ lbbf ldq'tf                / Aofkstf yfxf nfU5 . kqsf/n] clxn]          kqsfl/tfdf u0fgf u/]/ g} ;fWo 5}g\ .
    '
d'nsn] k|fKt ul//x]sf] 5 .                                             klg zq'tfdf kl/0ft x'G5 . clg t kIf                e|i6«frf/ / lgod ljkl/tsf sfo{x?sf]            Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ jif{ !) c+s !% af6
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                              @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                              #
                                                       Ko"7fg ;dfrf/sf] Ps bzs ljz]if
 clxn] b]z agfpg lg:jfy{ /fhg]tfsf] cfjZostf 5
           lj=;+= !(&% ebf}+ @* ut] pQ/k'lj{ Ko"7fgsf] v/fdf hGdg'ePsf vu'nfn u'?Ë g]kfnL sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ng tyf                                slt dlGq eGb} cfk;L emu8f u5{g\ .
                                  ''                                         '
ls;fg cfGbf]ngsf cu'jf x'gxG5 . pxfF clxn] Ko"7fgsf] gf/Lsf]6–( df a:g'xG5 . /fhgLltdfg} cfkm\gf] hLjg Joltt ug'{ ePsf                         ca s] sf] ;+ j Lwfg agfpnfg\ .
u'?Ë clxn] pd]/sf] sf/0f ;lqmo /fhgLlt ug{ g;Sg] eP klg g]kfnL /fhgLltnfO{ / ljz]if u/]/ sDo"lgi6 cfGbf]ngnfO{                                 dfcf]jfbLsf] s'/f oxL xf] c? sfu|];
glhsaf6 lgxfln/xg'ePsf] 5 . sDo'lgi6 ePs} sf/0f nuftf/ !( dlxgf;Dd tyf k6s k6s h]n hLjg ljtfpg' ePsf u'?Ë                                      Pdfn]sf s] s'/f u/f}+ . a? emngfy ePsf
                                                 [
g]kfnL /fhgLlts kl/jt{gsf cfGbf]ngdf g]tTjbfoL e'ldsf lgjf{x ul/;Sg' ePsf] 5 . g]kfnL sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ng ;'? ubf{ h'g                           a]nf s]lx cf; lyof] s]lx u5{g\sL eGg],
                                                                                     {'
p2]Zo lyof] clxn] sDo'lgi6 eGg]x? Tof] p2]Zo eGbf 6f9f /x]sf] k|lt lrGtf JoQm ug'xG5 .                                                         pgnfO{ kf6L{{leqaf6} lauf/] . dfcf]jfbLn]
           @)!% ;fndf ;f;+b kbsf pd]bjf/;Dd /xg' ePsf u'?Ën] b]z ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / zflGt k|lqmofdf /x]sf]n] rf8} ;fy{s                         t emg d}n] afx]s c? s;}n] klg agfpg
lgisif{df k'u] x'g] lyof] eGg' x'G5 . Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxssf] Ps bzs ljif]zdf cleefjs vu'nfn u'?Ë u PnjL yfkf g]kfn
                                                                                                  Ë;F       yfkfn]                             ;Sb}gg\, c?n] agfP dfGo x'Gg eG5
tyf lhNnfsf] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ng, clxn]sf] /fhgLlts cj:yf, nufPt ljifoj:t'df /xL ul/Psf] s'/fsfgLsf] ;f/f+z M – ;Dkfbs                           o;/L klg slxF ;+ljwfg aG5 xfd|f] b]zdf
                                                                                                                                               . ;+ljwfg agfpgsf nflu eg]/ ^)!                   vu'nfn u'?ª
Ko"7fgsf] las6 ufpFdf hGd]sf] dfG5],             aj'/fd ;a}nfO{ xfdLn] l;sfPsf xf}+ .          sDo' l gi6sf ;+ : yfks g] t f s] z /h+ u        hgfn] $ jif{ latfP . of] hDdf pu|jfbL
s;/L /fhgLltdf nfUg' e of] <                     cfhef]nLsf g]tfx?sf] t s] lx;fj .             /fPdfemLn] cnUu} a;]sf 5g\ . s;}sf]             dfcf]jfbLs} sf/0f o:tf] ePsf] gofF            sDo' l gi6 cfGbf] n gdf nfu] s } sf/
              d}n] klxn] )& ;fndf /f0ff          hltj] n f tkfO{ sDo' l gi6 x' g ' e of] ,     klg la/f]w ub}{gg\, To;f] ug{ kf] kfOG5 .       g]kfndf .                                     0f h] n lhjg klg ljtfpg' k¥of] ,
la/f]wL cfGbf]ndf lyPF . To;a]nf hfnem]n         h;/L ul/j b' v Lsf nflu cfGbf] n g            cFem dfG5]n] t s;f] u5{g\ kf6L{{ 5f]8]/         /fli6«o hgdf]rf{nfO{ cfkm\gf] 3/ klg          x} <
ug]{, km6fO{ ug]{, gf/Lsf]6sf tTsflng            ;' ? ug' { e of] < To; cg' ? k                csf]{ kf6L{{df hfg] kl5 p;}sf] la/f]w ug]{      gagfpg] / c?sf] 3/ klg aGg                                 )$& ;fndf dnfO{ ( lbg
k'FhLjfbL km6fxx?n] xfdL ul/jx?nfO{              cfhef] n Lsf g] t fx?n] sfd u/] s f]          emg pu| 5 k/Dk/f . csf]{ hltklg                 glbg] u5{ eGg] cf/f] k 5 lg <                 y'g]sf] lyof] . To;eGbf cuf8L sDo'lgi6
w]/} ;tfpFy] . To:t} x'Fbfx'Fb} d]/f] /          h:tf] nfU5 ls nfUb} g <                       clxn]sf g]tf tyf kf6L{x? 5g\ rfx] Pdfn]
                                                                                                                           {                               xf]Og, Tof] xf]Og . /fli6«o       cf/f]k nufP/ @)!! ;fnsf] r}tdf d,
df]xglaqmd l;+xsf] e]6 eof] . To;kl5                          cfhef]nL vf;u/]/ sDo'lgi6        xf];, rfx] dfcf]jfbL xf]pg\ rfx] c? hf];s}  '   hgdf]rf{n] 3/ agfpgsf nflu c?nfO{             d]/f] 7'nbfO{ gGbnfn u'?ª, df]xglaqmd
xfdLn] ldn]/ y'k|} cfGbf]n uof}{+ oLgL hfnL      xf}+ eG5g\ . cfhef]nL oLgL ;a} pu|jfbL        xf]pg\ xfdL;Fu} l;s]/ ;f/]/, ;a} d;fn           7Ug] , sld;g vfg] u/] s f] eP                 l;+x, l;l4dfg nufPtnfO{ lu/km\tf/ u/L
km6fx, zf]ifsx?, ul/jx?nfO{ cGofo                / cj;/jfbL eP . gq elg t sDo'lgi6             5f]8]/ uPsf x'g\ . ca clxn] k|wfgdGqL           sf7df08f}df To:tf dxn agfpg ;SYof],           nuftf/ !( dlxgf h]n k/]sf lyof}+ .
cTofrf/df kfg]{, xKsfO{ bKsfO{, 7uL,             t sDo'lgi6 x'g\ . Pdfn]nfO{ t sDo'lgi6        ePsf afj'/fd e§/fO{nfO{ r}t] d;fn               t/ xfdLn] To;f] u/]gf}+ . To;f] ug{ xfd|f]    tkfO{ t df]xglaqmd;Fu glhs} /x]/
Aofh, cf]nsaf6 ;tfpg]x?sf] la?4 n8\b}            geg] klg x'G5 . dfcf]jfbL eGg]n] ca           eGy] lsgeg] pgL )$@ r}t ;Dddf                   l;4fGtn] lbGg . To;f] eP/ xfdLn]              /fhgLlt ug' { e of] . tkfO{ s f] kf6L{ {
uPsf lyof}+ . clGtddf km]/L /f0ff la/f]wL        ug]{ s'/f ub}{gg\ . cem klg pu|pu| ub}{5g\    d;fn lyP ToxL eP/ r}t] eGy] . t/                a}wflgs ;+3if{ u/, b]zdf pBf]u :yfkgf         clxn] ; Dd y' k | } k6s km' 6 ] s f] 5 .
cfGbf]ng p7\of] . Tof] lsg efsf] eGg]            . ToxL eP/ Pdfn] cj;/jfbL xf] clg             vf;u/]/ d}n] ghfg]sf] k|r08 xf] . gq            u/, Aofkf/ Aoj;fo a9fp, lk5l8Psf]             kf6L{ { a f6      km' 6 ] /     uPsfx?n]
xfdnfO{ yfxf lyof] . ToxL eP/ xfdL               dfcf]jfbL pu|jfbL xf] eG5' d}n] d]/f]         d}n] c? ;a}nfO lrg]sf] 5'F . clxn]              hftnfO{ cuf8L Nofp, lzIff b]p o:tf            df] x glaqmd l;+ x n] x} s djfbL lgtL
n8\b} n8\b} df]xglaqmd / d}n] y'k|}nfO{          larf/df .                                     oLgLx?sf] Aojxf/ x]/]/ d 5Ss k5'{ .             sfo{df :jod;]jL ag xfdL eG5f}+ . t/           nfb\ 5 g\ eGg5g\ gL <
k/f:t uof}{+ . c8\8fsf sd{rf/L cfpg]             dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf] kf6L{{n] ubf{ dfq        /fli6«o /fhgLltsf af/]df d}n] /]l8of]           c?n] cfkm" dfq} x'g] c?nfO{ k5f8Lsf]                       xfdn] j}wflgs tl/sfn] hfg]
pgLx?;Fu ldn]/ ul/jx?nfO{ lyRg],                 g] k fndf ;+ l jwfg ;ef, u0ftGq               ;'G5', l6eL x]5,{' t/ oLgLx?n] sDo'lgi6sf]      k5f8L kfg]{ u5{g\ . :jfy{jfbLsf] l;4fGt       eG5f}+ . pgLx?n] p3| eP/ hfg] eG5g\ .
ldRg], hfnem]ndf kfg]{, cGofodf kfg]{            cfPsf] xf] eG5 gL <                           l;4fGt cg';f/ sfd u/]sf 5}gg\ .                 o:tf] kf] 5 . ToxL eP/ o:tf] cf/f]k           ToxL eP/ kf6L{{ km'6\g] u/]sf] xf] . xfd|f]
o:tfnfO{ ljleGg tl/sfn] 5f]Kg], df;f]                         To;f] t cfGbf] n gsf a] n f      sDo' l gi6x?df w] / } k' m 6 cfpg' s f]         nufPsf x'g\ . c? s]xL xf]Og . eGg]n]          lgtL s] xf] eg] ltdL rf]g]{ xf] eg] a}wflgs
3:g], hfnL km6fxx?;Fu n8\g] gf/Lsf]6d}           xfdLn] 9'u|f]df xft xfn]/ a;]sf lyPgf}+       sf/0f s] xf] n f <                              eG5g\ xfdLn] ))& ;fndf /f0fflj/f]wL           tl/sfn] rf]/ t/ n'6kf6, s'6lk6 u/]/
n8\ o f} + , l6d' / rf} / d} n8\ o f} + / oLgL   gL . jf:tjdf cfGbf]ngsf] j}wflgs ?k                          ;lx s'/f ug'{ef] . To;f] t       cfGbf]ngdf klg o:t} eGy], k~rfotsf]           xf]Og eG5f}+ . ToxL eP/ o:tf] cf/f]k
sd{ r f/Lx? oxfF cfP/ 3' ; vfg]                  xfdLn] g} ;'? u/]sf xf}+ . cfGbf]ngsf         sDo'lgi6sf] ;xL l;4fGt s] xf] eg], sfd          cfGbf]ngdf klg o:t} eGy], ax'bn Nofpg         nufpg] u/]sf x'g\ . dfcf]jfbLsf] uf]nL
oLgLx?nfO{ klg xfldn] klqmd, df];f]              ljleGg r/0f kf/ ubf{ ub}{ pgLx? @)%@          ubf{ ulNt t e}xfN5 t/ l;4fGt cg';f/             klg o:t} eGy] t/ ;a} k/f:t eP/ uP .           eg]sf] af?b xf] < p;sf] aGb's eg]sf]
3f]l;d, afhf ahfP/ klg nv6\of}+ o:t}             ;fndf h+un k;] . pgLx? pu| ubf{ ub}{          sDo'lgi6 cfTdfnf]rgf ug{ ;Sg] x'g'k5{           oxL sf/0f t /fhfnfO{ kmfNg ;s]sf xf}+ .       P;Pncf/ t/ xfd|f] uf]nL eg]sf] d;L
x'Fbf x'Fb} kl5 cfP/ )( ;fndf xfdLn]             cfP/ )^@÷)^# ;fndf ;ft bndf                   . h;n] cfTdfnf]rgf u/]/ cfkm\gf] ulNt           clxn] s f] /fli6« o /fhgLltnfO{ s;/L          xf], xfd|f] aGb's eg]sf] snd xf] o;}n]
ls;fgnfO{ hufpgsf] nflu Pp6f gf6s                ldl;Psf x'g\ . ToxL ;ft bndf ldl;P/           l:jsfg{ ;S5 Tof] dfG5] aNn sDo'lgi6             x] l //xg' ePsf] 5, oxfF n ] <                larf/} km/s 5 x]g'{; .
lgsfNof}+ / of] gf6s Ko"7fgsf] pQ/L              aNn cf7 bn ePsf] t xf] gL . ToxL              xf] . of] ky cfnf]rgfaf6 efUg], 5f]8]/                      clxn] t hltklg g]tf 5g\ .         dfcf] j fbLleqsf] cGt;+ 3 if{ n fO
efuaf6 b]vfpFb} gf/Lsf]6sf] lkkn?vdf             eP/ xfdL ;a} ldn]/ /fhfnfO{ xfdLn]            csf]{ kf6L{{df k|j]z ug]{, gofF kf6L{ vf]Ng]    xfdL;Fu} l;s]/ uPsf x'g\ . h:tf] pgLx?n]      tkfOn] s;/L x] / L/xg' e Psf] 5 <
cfP/ Tof] gf6s ;dfkg u¥of}+ . To;kl5             k|f:t u/]sf xf}+ . To;}n] klg atfpF5          cj;/jfbL eg]sf] ToxL xf] . ulNt l:jsfg{         df] x glaqmd;F u a:g] , ;Nnfx lng] ,                       dfcf] j fbL )%@ ;fnb] v L
p;a]nf df]xglaqmd, l;l4dfg, hut                  ;'?sf] cfGbf]ng s;n] u/]sf] xf], sf]          g;Sg]n] kf6L{{ km'6fpg] k/Dk/f klxn] b]vLs}     ;'emfj Nofpg] ub}{gg\ . pgLx?n] cfkm"         h+un k:of] . pgLx? !) jif{;Dd p3|jfbL
lh;L, sla/fh, OZj/ axfb'/ clwsf/L                sxfFaf6 xf/ vfP/ cfP/ ldldPsf x'g\            xf], of] cFem} klg 5 .                          7" n f] dfG5] x' g ] , wg sdfpg] ,            ePklg h;/L ePklg ju{ ;+3if{ eGb}
lyof}+ . o;/L d sDGo'lgi6 /fhgLltdf              eGg] t k|i6} 5 lg . d}n] u/]sf] x'F ls        cf:yfsf] /fhgLlt ug]{ / l;4fGtsf]               df]xgljqmd;Fu a:of] eg] wg sdfpg              n8] . pgLx?nfO{ d}n] wGojfb lbG5' .
k|j]z u/]sf] x'F .                               c?n] u/]sf] eGg] To;}n] klg atfpF5 gL         /fhgLlt ug]{df km/s s] 5 < tkfO{sf]             lbGg, ;DklQ sdfpg lbGg eg] /                  t/ ))& ;fndf klg To;a] n fsf
ls;fg cfGbf] n g eGg] ljlQs}                     < cFem} klg cfGbf]ng kl5 /fhfnfO{             larf/df s] nfU5 .                               df]xglaqmd;Fu ;/f]sf/ /fVb}gg\ . ToxL         n8fs'x?nfO{ To;} lxgfljgf kf/]sf] lyof]
tkfO{ s f] gfd hf] l 8G5, To;j] n fdf            xfdLn] hf] ug'{kg]{ xf] Tof] cem} ePsf]                      ca cf:yfsf] /fhgLlt ug]{         eP/ of] b]znfO{ lgsfz lbgsf nflu              sf+u|;n] . clxn]klg dfcf]jfbLn] To;}u/L
s] sf nflu of] cfGbf] n g ;' ?                   5}g . clg dfcf]jfbLn] b'lgofFsf] ;DklQ        eg]sf] :jfy{sf] /fhgLlt ug]{ xf] . l;4fGt       cFem lg:jfy{ /fhg]tsf] cfj:os 5 .             lxgfljgf kfg{ vf]h]sf 5g\ . 7"nf g]tfx?
ug' { e Psf] lyof] <                             vf]:of] . s;}sf] klg ju{ g5'§ofP/ ;a}sf]      eg]sf] l;4fGt xf] h;n] l;4fGtcg;f/              oLgLx?n] cFem of] b]znfO{ slxn];Dd            dfyL uP/ /fhgLlt ug]{, n8fs'x?nfO{
              wgLx?n] , tfn' s bf/x?n] ,         ;DklQ vf]:of], Tof] ;DklQ dfcf]jfbLn]         u5{ . cf:yfsf] /fhgLlt ug]{n] Pslbg                                 '
                                                                                                                                               u'D/fxdf kfb}{ hfg]xg\ . lxhf]cfhsf g]tfsf]   hxfFsf] ToxL 5f]8\g] rng o;kfnL klg
sd{rf/Lx?n] ul/jx?nfO{ lyRg]–ldRg]               cFem}klg kmsf{Psf] 5}g . ul/jx?sf] h+un       u5{, km]/L ef]nL 5f]8LxfN5, Tof] s]lx           sfd eg]sf] cfkm" cFl3 hfg], hgtfnfO{          b]vLof] . clxn];Dd n8]sf n8fs'x?nfO{
ljleGg tl/sfn] ;tfpg] u/]sf lyP .                5]pFdf jf/L ePsfx?sf] afFb/ x]g]{, :ofn       lbgnfO{ xf] . o:tfn] s] u5{ g \ eg]             kl5 kfg]{ rng 5 .                                                  af“sL & k]hdf ====
To;nfO{ k|f:t ug]{ eg]/ xfdLn] ls;fg             x]g]{ Tof] ;d]t vf];]/ nu]sf] kmsf{Psf        clncln k9\5g\ ufpFdf cfpF5g\ /fhgLlt
cfGbf]ng ;'? u/]sf xf}+ . )& ;fndf
qmflGt cfof], ToxL qmflGt xfl;n ug{
                                                 5}gg\ . pgLx? eG5g\ cFem xfdL g} ;Rrf
                                                 sDo'lgi6 xf}+ . pgLx? @÷@ k6s cfkm\g}
                                                                                               u5{g\ . pgLx?sf] ;f]Fr eg]sf] s'lr{df /
                                                                                               dGqL x'g]df clg hfuL/ vfg]df / k};f
                                                                                                                                                 lj=P=÷lj=P8=df gof“ egf{ v'Nof] Û
df]xg laqmd, d / d]/f] 7'nbfO{ nfu]sf            g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ rnfP, v} ltgLx?n]              sdfpg]df dfq} x'G5 .                                    sIff !@ plQ{0f ljBfyL{x?nfO{ xflb{s z'e–sfdgf
lyof}+ . To;kl5 klxnfb]vL xfdL ul/j              cfkm\gf] l;4fGt cg';f/ sfd u/]sf] .           tkfO{ x ? sDo' l gi6 x' F b f l;4fGt
b'vLx?nfO{ lyRg] ldRg] rNb} cfPsf] lyof]         ToxL eP/ t pgLx? % jif{ ;/sf/df               k| l tkfbg ug' { e of] . h;n] ;j{ x f/f                                                   ]
                                                                                                                                                ;lxt # jif{] lj=P=÷lj=P8=df gof“ egf{ v'nsf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L
ToxL eP/ xfdn] ufpFb]vL zx/ k:gsf]               a:g ;s]sf 5}gg\ . gf}+ dlxg], kfFr dlxg]      ju{sf] g]t[Tj u5{ . t/ Tof] cg';f/               u/fp“b5f}+ .
nflu ls;fg cfGbf]ng ;'? u/]sf lyof}+ .           k|wfgdGqL x'G5g\ . Tof] lsg x'G5g\ eg]        pgLx?n] sfd u/] s f 5} g g\ gL <
ls;fg cfGbf] n g slxn] a f6 ;' ?                 sDDo'li6sf] Aojxf/, sDo'lgi6sf] l;4fGt                       xf] Tof] ToxL xf], :jfy{jfbL /       ;fy} lj=P=÷lj=P8= bf] > f] jif{ d f cWoog/t ljBfyL{ x ?n]
ug' { e Psf] lyof] <                             cg';f/ sfd u/]gg\ . clxn] t pgLx?             cj;/jfbL . oLgLx?n] hgtfsf nflu /                   cfp“ b f] sflQ{ s @) ut] leq kl/Iff kmf/d el/ ;Sg
              of] t xfdn] klxnf b]vLg} ub}{      Hofg kfNg] cj;/ d'lSt kf] x]b}{ cfPsf                                   {
                                                                                               b]zsf nflu sfd ub}gg\ . h;n] ubf{ b]z                                     cg' / f] w 5 .
cfPsf lyof}+ . ul/j, b'MvLx?sf cfjfh             5g\ . dfcf]jfbLx?sf] gf/f hgtfx? /            lau|sf] xf], ;+;f/ lau|b} 5 . pgLx?
t p7fpFb} cfPsf lyof}+ . t/ cfGbf]ngs}           ;+3if{sf nflu xf]Og . cj;/sf nflu             AolQmut / kf/Ljfl/s :jfy{df dfq 5g\ .                                                SofDk; k| d ' v
?kdf xfdLn] )( ;fnb]vL ;'? u/]sf xf}+            dfq xf] d}n] 7f]s]/ eG5' d .                  ;+ l 3otf af/] tkfO{ eGg' s] 5 <                                        Ko" 7 fg SofDk;, vn+ u f Ko" 7 fg
. To;sf] g]t[Tj d}n] u/]sf] lyPF .               tkfO{ n fO{ cf:yfsf] /fhgLlt ug] {                           g] k fnh:tf] ;fgf] d' n ' s                                       ;Dks{ M )*^–$@)@&@
ls;fg cfGbf]ngsf] pknAwL s] xf] <                g] t f eG5g\ , l;4fGtsf] /fhgLlt              ;+ l 3otfdf hfg' rflxF l7s xf] O g .
              ;fx' , zf] i fs hfnL,
km6fxx?nfO{ l;Wofpg] sfd u¥of} + ,
                                                 ug{ ] x ? klg km] n vfPsf] b] l vG5 s]
                                                 nfU5 tkfO{ s f] larf/df <
                                                                                               dfcf]jfbLn] NofPsf] hftLo ;+l3otf t
                                                                                               emg} l7s xf]Og . cfkm} afx'g ;/sf/df
                                                                                                                                                                       hfgL /fv] /fd|f]
ls;fgsf cfjfhx?nfO{ p7fof} + ,                                o:tf Oltxf; d}n] klg w]/}        5g\ . afx'gn] sxfF uP/ /fHo ug]{ Tof] klg       sf] af6 ePsf] lx+;f 3/]n' lx+;f xf] <
ul/jx?nfO{ hf]ufpg] p2]Zo lyof], To;df           k9] s f] 5' F . To;df cj;/jfbL /              yfxf 5}g . c? hftnfO{ 5'§ofP/ cfkm"n]           – j+zh, ljjfx jf wd{k'qL jf ;+o"Qm kl/jf/sf] ;b:o .
;kmn eof}+ .                                     wf]s]jfhLx? y'k|} x'G5g\ . To;dWo]sf ;xL      7'nf] /fhgLlt ug{ o:tf] lgtL ckgfPsf]           – cfl>t tyf sfdbf/sf] ?kdf Pp6} kl/jf/df a;]sf JolQmx? .
tkfO{ x ? ;' ? df sDGo' l gi6 x' F b f           l;4fGt ug]{df, k9]n]v]sf ug]{df Pp6f          xf] eGg] dnfO{ nfU5 . oxfF ;a}sf] /fHo          3/] n ' lx+ ; f u/] d f x' g ] ;hfo <
ufpF d f sf] – sf] x' g ' x ' G Yof] <           :jfy{ n' s ] s f] x' G 5 cgL csf] { :jfy{     x'g] /] t/ g If]qLsf] /fHo 5 g afx'gsf]         – tLg xhf/ b]lv klRr; xhf/ ;Dd hl/jfgf jf ^ dlxgf ;Dd s}b jf b'j}
              sDo'lgi6 t ca y'k}| lyP .          ls;fgdf klg x'G5 . ca ls;fgx?n]               of] unt xf]gL ;+l3otfdf hfg' eg]sf] t .         ;hfo x'g\ ;S5 .
d]/f] bfO x'gxGYof] gGbnfn u'?ª . pxfF
               ''                                b'Mv kbf{ v]/L bndf nfU5g\ . ca cfkm\gf]      of] ;Fu} xfdLn] s] ug'{ h?/L 5 eg] sf]          – 3/]n' lx+;fsf] pBf]u jf b'?T;fxg ug{ jf dltof/ x'g]nfO{ d"Vo ;'/bf/nfO{ x'g]
                                                                                                                                               ;hfosf] cfwf ;hfo x'G5 .
                     '
clxn] :jlu{o x'geof] . gf/Lsf]6df xfdL           :jfy{ k'/f eof] eg] kf6L{{sf] l;4fGt e'n]/,   hftL lyrLPsf] 5, s'g hftL lk58LPsf]             – Psk6s 3/]n' lx+;fsf] s;'/df ;hfo kfO;s]sf] JolQmn] k'gM ;f]xL s;'/ u/]df
b'O{ efO{ dfq lyof}+ . To;kl5 t sf]6sf           gLltnfO{ nft df/]/ a:5g\ cyjf csf]{           5, Tof] hftLnfO{ cuf8L nfgsf] nflu,             k6s} lkR5] bf]Aa/ ;hfo x'G5 .
kbd axfb'/ klg eP . vf;u/]/ hut                  kf6L{{df nfU5g\ . of] ljZjsf] Oltxf;df        s'g ju{ k5f8L k/]sf] 5 To;nfO{ cuf8L            – ;fj{hlgs hjfkmb]xLsf] kbdf jxfn /x]sf] JolQmn] s;'/ u/]df lghnfO{ bz
lh;L, l;l4dfg lh;L, /fddl0f lyP .                klg 5 / Oltxf;sf] t s] s'/f ug]{ tkfO         nfg] / To;sf] cfly{s / z}lIfs r]tgfsf]          k|ltzt ;hfo yk x'G5 .
To:t} sla/fh eP, OZj/ axfb'/ clwsf/L             xfd|} ;fd' 5n{ªu} ePsf] 5 . h:tf] clxn]       :t/df ljsf; u/fpg] h:tf cleofgsf                – cbfntn] lbPsf] cGtl/d ;+/If0ffTds cfb]zsf] kfngf gu/]df To:tf]
eP, v}/fsf zf]e axfb'/ a:g]t eP ToxL             gj/fh ;'j]bLnfO{ egf}+ Ko"7fg If]q g+ @       sfo{qmd ug'{k5{ h:tf] xfdn] ls;fg               JolQmnfO{ b'O{ xhf/ b]lv kGw| xhf/ ;Dd hl/jfgf jf rf/ dlxgf ;Dd s}b jf
b'O{ rf/lbgsf nflu x'gx? y'k}| lyP . To:t}
                            ]                    af6 d/L d]6]/ ;+;b agfOof], s0{fWjh           cfGbf]ng ;'? u/]sf lyof}+ .                     ;hfo x'G5 .
t'iff/fsf v8\s axfb'/ lh;L lyP . ;a}             s] ; LnfO{ lhNnf ljsf;sf] ;efklt              clxn] d' n ' s ;+ l jwfg lgdf{ 0 fsf]           ph'/L sxfF lbg] / o;sf] k|lqmof s] xf] <
klxnf sDo'lgi6 x'b} c?df hfg] u/] .
                       F                         agfOof] t/ lhNnf ljsf; tyf ufpF               k|lqmofdf 5 . ;+jLwfg aGnf h:tf]                != :yfgLo lgsfo -uflj;, gu/kflnsf_
tkfO{n] clxn] gfd rn]sf g]tf afj'/fd             ljsf;sf] t s] s'/f u/f}+ pgL cfkm} xfjfsf]    nfU5 <                                          @= k|x/L sfof{no
                                                                                                                                               #= lhNnf cbfnt
e§/fO{ , df] x g j} B , k| r 08, jfdb] j         tfn g sf}jfsf] tfn ag]/ a;]sf 5g\ .                          r' g fj x' g ' e Gbf klxn]       $= /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]u
h:tf g]tfx?nfO{ lrGg'x'G5 <                      c? t c? g} eP, v8\ s axfb' / n]               dfcf]jfbLn] lrgsf] vf;faf6 /]nsf] nfOg          ph'/L lnlvt jf df}lvs ?kdf ug{ ;lsG5 .
              nf} kqsf/ jfj' klg, ;a}nfO{        dxfsDo'lgi6 eGy], xfdLnfO{ o;sf] Snf;         hf] 8 ] / x] 6 f} 8 faf6 l;4fy{ g u/ a' 6 jn
lrG5' . oLgL ;a}nfO{ xfdn] t xf]gL               lbGy] t/ kl5 cfP/ xfd|} 5ftLdf uf]nL          Nofpg] eGYof] . clxn] cfP/ ;/sf/df                                                   k| f of] h s M
sDo'lgi6 agfPsf] . df]xg j}B, lnnfdl0f,          xfg]/ pgL ;fdGtjfb ePsf x'g\ . a?             hfg] / kf6L{{leqaf6} klg s'g nfOgsf                           UNFPA / dlxnf       tyf jfnjflnsf sfof{ n o Ko" 7 fg
Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                    @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                           $
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                                                                    sljtf÷uhn÷hfgL /fvf} +
                                                                                                                                        !_ afb/ grfpg] snf ePsfnfO{ s] elgG5 <
     cnljbf u4f/ u4fkmL                                                          g]kfn s:tf] 5 <                                        – dbf/L
c6n Pp6f cl:yTj,                                                      x]/ t, g]kfn clxn] s:tf] 5 <                                      @_ s'g lrh km'6]kl5 dfq k|of]udf cfpF5 <
s]jn Pp6f :jfldTj                                                     xl/0f df/L cfPsf] af3 h:tf] 5 .                                   – c08f
s'g Pp6f d'v{sf]                                                      d'xf/e/L /utsf] /+u /ª\luPsf] 5                                   #_ dfG5]sf] /ut s'g ?vn] dfq r':g ;S5 <
dfg l;stfdf l6S5/ <                                                   g]kfnL hgtf ;j}df qf;dotf 5 ..                                    – y'k/
h?/ 9N5====                                                           x]/ t, g]kfnL cfdfsf] d'xf/ s:tf] 5 <                             $_ /]l8of] g]kfndf uLt ufpFg] k|yd ufos / uflosf sf]–sf]
cGt x'G5 / elgG5                                                      klt ljof]udf k/]sL gf/Lsf] d'xf/ h:tf] 5 .                        x'g\ <
…slj o;sf oL cGt xf]hfOUoÚ                                                                                                              – ufos xl/k|;fb l/dfn, uflosf sf]OnL b]lj dfy]df
                                                                      r's 3f]K6\ofPsf] wldnf] :yn h:tf] 5                               %_ zflGtsf] k|lts s] xf] <
s;}sf efjgfx?df vf]ln/xbf
:jtGqtf s'lNrP/ kf}l8/xbf                                             ;w} cf}F;Lsf] cGwsf/do /ft h:tf] 5 ..                             – k/]jf
s'g} lbg kv]6fx? rF'l8P/                                              x]/ t, g]kfnL df6f]sf] cj:yf s:tf] 5 <                            ^_ g]kfnsf] ;j}eGbf jl9 hf8f] x'g] 7fpF s'g xf] <
cfkm\gf] :jfy{sf] /cdf 8'a]/                                          g]kfnL ;GttLsf] /utn] d'l5Psf] Ps l9Ssf 5 .                       – d':tfª
ltg} lgxTtf dfg;x?;Fu                                                 /ut} /utsf] bnbn] ;Ld h:tf] 5                                     &_ ;j}eGbf jl9 slkm pTkfbg ug]{ b]z s'g xf] <
xf/sf] ljof]udf t8\lkbf                                               l;gf] km\ofFlsPsf] uGxfpg] vf]N;f] h:tf] 5 ..                     – a|flhn
elgG5                                                                 x]/ t, g]kfnL u+ufx? s:tf 5g\ <                                   *_ ;j}eGbf l56f] p8\g] ls/f s''g\ xf] <
…slj o;sf oL cGt xf]hfO+UoÚ                                           g]kfnL tL g/gf/Lsf] /utsf en alu/x]5g\ .                          – df}/L
st} /ftx? kf/ ul//xbf                                                 g]kfnL cfdfsf ;j{q cfFz' ldl;Psf 5g\                              (_ cfkm\gf] b]zsf] l;Ssf gePsf] b]z s'g xf] <
lbpF; / ljxfg sNkgf ug{ gkfPsfx?                                      pgsf ;'l/nf efsf cfh aL/xsf uLt jg]sf 5g\ ..                      – kf/fu'P
Tof] cfFwL lnP/ cfpF5g\                                               x]/ t, g]kfnLsf] e]if s:tf] 5 <                                   !)_ ;j}eGbf jl9 efiffdf 5flkPsf] k':ts s] xf] <
j]u ;Fu                                                                                                                                 – afOjn
                                                                      u'kmfaf6 lgl:s/x]sf] e"tsf] h:tf] 5 .                             !!_ ljxfgdfq km"n kfg]{ k+IfL s] xf] <
clg ;Fu} j8f5{g\ To;nfO{
;dosf] e/f];fdf / kl/j]zdf                                            cfwf z/L/ ;j}sf] lg/{j:q ePsf] 5 .                                – xfF;
gf}nf] /+lug ls/0f;Fu} /                                              :jfledfgL g]kfnLsf] OHhtdf bfu nfu]sf] 5 ..                       !@_ ljw'jfn] nufpg] wft'sf] r'/fnfO{ s] elgG5 <
ufpF5g\                                                                                                    ;'o{ axfb'/ /f]sf            – /}xf
…slj o;sf oL cGt xf]hfO+UoÚ                                                              nIdL dfWolds ljBfno jfË]d/f]7, Ko"7fg          !#_ dflg;sf] ;+Vof eGbf 3f]8fsf] ;+Vof jl9 ePsf] b]z s'g xf] <
cfjfhx? bljPsf / bjfOPsf                                                                                                                – dn]l;of
hgcf:yfsf nx/x?df
glh/ jg]sf cx/x?
                                                                                               lzIff                                    !$_ g]kfnsf] k|yd cGgjfnL s] xf] <
                                                                                                                                        – e6df;
pQ]lht jgfOG5 vfln                                                    cGwsf/df km;]sfnfO{ ;lhn} p4f/ ug]{                                                    F
                                                                                                                                        !%_ ;;'/fsf] d[To' x'bf j'xf/L ljw'jf x'g] k|rng s'g hfltdf 5 <
cfkm\gf] 3fF6Lsf] 306L afFw]/                                         hf] 5 c1fgL dfG5] p;df 1fgsf] Hof]tL 5g]{ ..                      – ;tf/
lh:sfOG5 …ljr/fx?nfO{Ú                                                hlt af8\of] plt a9\g] 36\b} g36\g] s:tf] xf] of]                  !^_ hLjge/ kfgL gvfP/ jfRg ;Sg] hLjg s'g xf] <
clg e'lnG5                                                            g s;}n] rf]g]{ 8/ 5 gs;}n] n'6\g] xf] of] ..                      – 5]kf/f]
…slj o;sf oL cGt xf]hfO+UoÚ                                           g t efO{ efO{df nufpg' kg]{ g} x'G5 c+z                           !&_ …qmflGt ;fgf] lrh x}g t/ ;fgf] lrhjf6 z'? x'G5 Ú of]
j]r}g d'lt{x?nfO{                                                     cfkm"n] dfq gk9]/ k9fp x} k'/} j+z ..                             egfO{ s:sf] xf] <
v]nf}gf / u'l8ofx?nfO{                                                hflu/ vfg dfq k9\g' of] ;f]r ;j} x6fp                             – c/:t'
;s]{zsf] gf6s h:t} u/L                                                ;j} lzlIft eP/ g]kfn ;+j[4 jgfp ..                                !*_ ;k{sf slt j6f bfFt x'G5g\ <
tf08j ufpFb} gfRb} ug{ nufOG5                                                                                                           – tLg ;o j6f
                                                                      of] b'lgofFdf lzIff eGbf 5}g s]xL 7"nf] lrh                       !(_ xfn;fn} Ps 3/ Ps :gfts cleofg z'? ug]{ gu/kflnsf
l67 nfUbf] kl/j]zsf cfdfx?
;k't hGdfpF5\g Ps} /ftdf                                              1fg cfh{g u/]/ oxfF /f]kf} lzIffsf] ljh ..                        s'g\ xf] <
clg Tolx j]udf /dfpFb}                                                3d08 / l/;\ ;j} Tofuf} x} ;fyL cfh b]lv                           – Onfd gu/kflnsf
cfqmfGtsf] uh{gdf                                                     j9\5 1fgsf] e08f/ / gd|tf w]/} kl9n]vL ..                         @)_ k|yd ljZjo"4df g]kfnL ;]gfsf] g]t[Tj u/L sf] uPsf]
af]N5g\                                                                                                         xl/ k|;fb Gof}kfg]      lyof] <
…slj o;sf oL cGt xf]hfO+UoÚ                                                                              t'iff/f–&, lx8\8fF8f, Ko"7fg   – aa/zD;]/
p;n] e'n]sf] Tof] lbg                                                                                                                                                                  k|sfz s]=;L=
lxhf] ;fFem lyof]                                                                                                                                                                       n'Ë–@, Ko"7fg
cfh ljxfg e} ;s]5 Sof/]
slj glx–cle o;sf cGt xf]O+Uo
                                                                                    cGtxLg b]z                                                 ]
                                                                                                                                        lsg ;'ggf} ;fyL d]/f] cg'/f]w xF Û
h?/                                                                   lglZrt cGtxLg g]kfn b]z xfd|f]
To;}n] ev{/ p;sf] ;du|                                                g]kfnsf] ;Ldf If]qdf zflGt ;'/Iff 5}g /] /fd|f]                   lsg lsg lxtsf] ;fyL kfl/kfl/ hfg yfNof]
;Qf ;Fu} p;sf] kfly{j                                                                                                                   gla{;g] afrf lyof], lsg 6f9f x'g yfNof]
                                                                      lj:tf/jfbx?n] cGtxLg b]z vfnfg, ltgLnfO{ sfQ/ :j/                 ;'g]g ls d]/f] syf g;'g]sf] eP klg
zl//df p;sf] ;du|                                                     g;'gf
hLjgsf] lg/ªs'ztfnfO{                                                                                                                    g]pnLsf] efsf la;L{ cs}{ efsf ufP klg
                                                                      hGd e"ldnfO{ arfO /fv cd/ ozn] b]z agf                            gf}/Ësf km"nx? d}n] km]l/ lbGy] klg
em08f cf]8fO{                                                         cGtxLg b]z of] ;+3Lotfdf gnuf}
;+:sf/ ul/of] .                                                                                                                         ;f/ËLsf] w'g;Fu} sf]OnL :j/ lnGy] klg
                                          ;'jfz lh=;L=                ;+3Lotfdf nuL b]z 6'qmfpg]nfO{ nId0f /]vf agfO{ euf}+             lyof] eg] d]/f] nflu eGg'kg]{ ltd|f] s'/f
             uf}d'vL ;]s]08/L OlËn; :s'n cf]v/sf]6, Ko"7fg            cGtxLg b]zdf lj:tf/jfb 3l;| 3l;| ot} cfof],                       d]/} cl3 eg] x'G5 gxfg]/ tLvf] 5'/f
                                                                      g]kfnsf] sfg'g nfUb}g, To;n] h:tf] ug{ klg kfof]                  /f]h/f]h lalGt u/]F ;fyL d]/f] kfnf] vf]O{
         k'mn}k'mnsf] rf8                                             ;j} eP l;+x / efn', sf]xL ePg d';f],
                                                                      ul/jLsf] r'nf]df cfuf] afNg] sf]xL ePg
                                                                                                                                        cg'/f]w g;'Ggfn] a:g' k¥of] /f]O{/f]O{
                                                                                                                                        g'Ug'k5{ d}n] ;w} ltdL;Fu ;fy dfuL
km"n} km"nsf] of] /dfO{nf] rf8 xfd|f] g]kfn cfdfsf] Kof/f] wlt{df     ;j} eG5g\ tF eGbf d 7"nf]                                         /f]Hg'kg]{ kfnf] cfof] hfGg ca d}n] efuL
km"n} km"nsf] dfnfn] ;lhPsf] g]kfnL bfh'efO{ xfd|f] 3/ 3/df           ;Ldf /]vf hf]ufpgnfO{ jL/ ;k't agL cl3 n8\g hfpm                  w/Dw'; cg'xf/ ltdL ca b]v d]/f]
e"n} e"nsf] uNtLn] h'jf / tf; /dfO{nf] ug'{5 xfd|f] clt{df                                                                              xFsf/–vFsf/ of] lhGbuL, Pp6f syf n]v d]/f] .
                                                                      :jtGq eO{ rGb| ;"o{ em08f lxdfn r9L km/km/fcf}+
km"n} km"nsf] dfnf a]rL km"n, km"nfpg'5 of] xfd|f] wlt{df             lxdfn, kxf8 / t/fO{df vf]hL, b]z k|]dLnfO{ hufpm,                                                  os/fh kf]v|]n s'v'/L sfF
km"n} km"nsf] dfnf nufpg] bfh'efO{ cfkm\g} lblbsf] 3/3/df             l;wf cf}nfn] £o" cfpFb}g, afª\uf] agfO{ ;3fpm                                                         t'iff/f lx88fF8f, Ko"7fg
km"n} km"nsf] of] ;'gf}nf] /dfOnf] rf8 g]kfn cfdfsf] wlt{df           zf]ifs / ;fdGtnfO{, Tof] dxª\uf] ;Qf b]lv eufcf}+ .
                                 a} / fuL cfn] b fO{ æljGbf;Æ
                                     g]kfn a}s lnld6]8, Ko"7fg
                                             +
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                                                                                                            n'ª–( k'0ff{ufpF, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                phf8 d?e'lddf
                                                                                                                                        d'6'el/ lk8f / a]bgf af]s]/
                                                                                                                                        phf8 d?e'lddf ?dlng'kg]{ /x]5 lhGbuL
                                                                                                                                        cfFvfel/ cfFz' ;hfP/
                                   ;ftfsf] tl:j/                                                                                        cfFz's} ;fu/df 8'Ag' kg]{ /x]5 lhGbuL
                                                                                                                                        xhf/ ;kgfsf] ljof]un] 56\kl6b}
                                                                                                                                        lhpFbf] nf;eO{ afFRg' kg]{ /x]5 lhGbuL
                                                                                                                                        5tf5'Nn ePsf efjgf;Fu
                                                                                                                                        d'sfljnf ub}{ afRg' kg]{ /x]5 lhGbuL
                                                                                                                                                                                  cd[ t f clwsf/L
                                                                                                                                                                           ljh'jf/ k'0ovf]nf, Ko"7fg

                                                                                                                                        :jR5 / Joj;flos kqsfl/tfsf] alnof] cfwf/
                                                                                                                                        Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/ /fli6« o ;fKtflxs
                                                                                                                                        o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sflzt s'g} klg
                                                                                                                                         ;fdfu|L k|lt s'g} l6Kk0fL 5g\ eg]
leGt'gf M g]kfn ;Djb !!#@ sf] cj;/df g]jfM vnM vn+uf                        MMltxf/sf] cj;/df Ko"7fg lhNnfsf ljleGg 7fFpx?df
                                                                    /dfOnf] MM                                                           xfdLnfO{ n]lv k7fpg'xf];\ . xfd|f
Ko"7fgn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] $) jif{ dfly pd]/ ;d'x v]nf8L ljr          ;/fPF d]nf nfu]sf 5g\ . d]nfdf :yfgLo pTkfbgx?sf] /fd|f]
d}lqk'0f{ lqms]6 k|ltof]lutfsf] b[Zo .                              ahf/ ;d]t x'g] ub{5 . lrltvf]nfdf ePsf] ;/fPF d]nfsf] Ps             ;fdfu|Ldf u'0f:tl/otf Nofpg
                                   tl:j/Mljho÷Ko"7fg ;dfrf/         b[Zo . ;dfrf/ k[i7 % df ==     tl:j/M;'hn >]i7÷Ko";;                                      ' \
                                                                                                                                                 ;xof]u ug{xf];.
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                              @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                                 %
                                                                                       Ko"7fg ufp“3/
 lhNnfsf ljleGg 7f“pdf ;/fP d]nf o'jfx?nfO{ cled'lvs/0f                                                                                                                 ;_÷;b/d' s fd
                                                                                                                                                          vn+ u f-Ko" ; ;_÷                    k|x/L lgl/Ifs ldqd0fL zdf{n] lhNnfdf
             Ko" 7 fg -Ko" ; ;_÷
                              ;_÷lhNnfsf]
P]ltxfl;s dflgg] …8Nn] ;/fPFÚ d]nf;Fu}                                                                                                         vn+ufsf o'jfx?nfO{ nlIft ul/ w'd|kfg            nfu'kbfy{ k|of]usf] cj:yf, lgoGq0fsf
Ko"7fgsf ljleGg :yfgdf ;/fPF d]nf                                                                                                              tyf nfu'kbfy{ lj?4sf] cled"lvs/0f               pkfo nufotsf af/]df ;xefuLnfO{
nfu]sf 5g\ . ltxf/sf] ef]lnkN6 zlgjf/                                                                                                          sfo{qmd ul/Psf] 5 . o'jfx?nfO{ w'd|kfg          hfgsf/L u/fpg'ePsf] lyof] .
ljh'jf/–$ k'0ovf]nfdf x/]s jif{ h:t}                                                                                                           tyf nfu'kbfy{af6 ;r]t agfpg zlgjf/                         :yfgLo o'jfx? ;xefuL /x]sf]
o;kfnL klg d]nf nfu]sf] xf] . Ko"7fgdf                                                                                                         sfo{qmd ul/Psf] xf] .                           sfo{qmd dNn/fgL Uf|fdL0f ljsf; ;/f]sf/
nfUg] ;/fPF d]nfx? dWo] …8Nn] ;/fPFÚ                                                                                                                      sfo{ q mdsf] ;xlhs/0f                s]Gb| / cleofg o'jf ljsf; s]Gbn] ;+o'Qm
nfO{ 7"nf] / dxTjk"0f{ dflgG5 . d]nf                                                                                                                                        {
                                                                                                                                               sfplG;n/ /fw]Zofd >]i7n] ug'ePsf] lyof]         ?kdf coff]hgf u/]sf] xf] .
x]g{sf nflu lhNNffsf ljleGg 7fpFaf6                                                                                                            . To;}u/L lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no Ko"7fgsf                     – cGh' >]i7÷k|lzIffyL{ kqsf/
bz{sx? k'u]sf lyP .
             o;}u/L o;jif{ ;/fPF d]nf;Fu}
e}nf] ;d]t k|bzg ul/Psf] 5 . ljh'jf/
                      {
                                                                                                                                                af“emf] af/L xl/ofnL aGb}
uflj;n] o; jif{ d]nfsf] Joj:yfkgsf                                                                                                                        vn+uf -Ko";;_ ÷  ÷;b/d'sfd           cfDbfgLsf] ;|f]t aGg] e'–;+/If0f sfof{no
;fy} e}nf] k|ltof]lutfsf] klg cfof]hgf                                                                                                         vn+ufaf6 b}lgs cfFvf kg]{ vn+uf–&               Ko"7fgsf sfof{no k|d'v lbjfs/ uf}tdn]
u/]sf] xf] . k"l0f{vf]nf / ljhogu/af6 dfq                                                                                                      nfdj]nf lgjf;L kfj{tL k'gsf] afFemf]af/L        atfpg'eof] .
                           {
;/fPFsf] ;fydf e}nf} k|bzg ul/Psf] uflj;       :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . ufpFdf e]nf             u/]sf] w'j{ lj/xL /~hgn] atfpFg'eof] .            xl/ofnL aGb}5 . lhNnf e'–;+/If0f sfof{no                    pxfFn] eGg'eof], æ/f]huf/Lsf
;lrj wg]Gb| axfb'/ of]uLn] hfgsf/L             a;]/ o;jif{ d]nf ;+rfng gu{g]{ lg0f{o         – ;' l gtf v8\ s f÷k| l zIfyL{ kqsf/              Ko"7fgn] ljut # jif{b]lv gd'gf :yfg             nflu nfvf} C0fdf lab] z hfg] x ?n]
lbg'eof] . uflj;n] k|ltof]lutfdf klxnf],                                                                                                       agfpg] cleofgdf sfd u/L/x]sf] 5 .               kfj{tLsf] l;sf] u/L lhNnfsf o'jf ju{n]
                    ]
bf];f]| / t];f]| x'gnfO{ qmdzM b'O{ xhf/, Ps
xhf/ kfFr ;o / Ps xhf/ ?k}ofsf]
                                                                                    k|
                                               e}nf]df o'jssf] xTof e}nf] /sd-Ko";ltIffnodf
                                                                           aaf] { 6    ;_÷ w/dkfgL–
                                                                                                                                                          e'–;+/If0f sfof{nosf] ;Nnfx
                                                                                                                                               / ;xof]udf k/Dk/fut v]tL kmfk/,
                                                                                                                                                                                               o:tf afFemf] af/Lsf] ;b'kof]u ug'{ cfj:os
                                                                                                                                                                                               5 .Æ gf} hgfsf] k/Ljf/ /x]sf] kfj{tLn]
k'/:sf/sf] Joj:yf u/]sf] lyof] . ljutsf                                         ;_÷e}
                                                             sf] l rjfª -Ko" ; ;_÷ n f]            ]
                                                                                             (aaf{6df /x]sf] kl/jt{glzn o'jf Snjn] klg         e6df; / uxt h:tf v]lt 5f]8/ kfj{tLn]
                                                                                                                                                                              ]                clxn] b'x'g] e}+;L, uf]? / afv|f kfNb}
jif{x?df ljleGg & 7fpFaf6 ;/fPF cfpg]                                 F
                                                v]Ng] qmddf ljjfb x'bf Ko"7fg sf]lrjfª–      o;kfln b]p;L e}nf]af6 ;+sng ePsf] /sd             cfw'lgs 3fF; v]ltsf] ;'?jft ug'{ePsf]           cfpg' ePsf] 5 .
u/]klg o;kfnL % 7fpFaf6 dfq ;/fPF               # ;Nnfaf]6sf u'dfg lji6sf] xTof ePsf]        k|ltIffno lgdf{0fdf nufpg] ePsf] 5 .
cfPsf] ;lrj of]uLn] atfpg'eof] .                                                '|
                                                5 . bfªsf] sfe|] uflj;–^ 8'aªdf e}nf]                    aaf]{6df /x]sf] ;'kf dlGb/
             ;/fPF gfr e'/] 6fs'/] /fHo                                 F     '
                                                v]Ng] qmddf emu8f x'bf v's/L k|xf/af6        glhs} k|ltIffno lgdf{0f ul/g] Snjn]
                                                #) jlif{o lji6sf] d[To' ePsf] xf] .          hgfPsf] 5 . o;kfnL o' j fx?sf]
ePsf] a]nfdf lhtsf] v'zLofnLdf …pm,                                                          ;lqmotfdf v]lnPsf] e}nf]af6 @) xhf/
vÚ} …pm, v} Ú eGb} /dfO{ n f] u/] s fn]                      36gf cfOtjf/ /ftL @
                                                ah]sf] ;dodf ePsf] lhNnf k|x/L               ?k}of ;+sng ePsf] Snjsf cWoIf /d]z
To;j] n fb] v L d] n f nfUb} u cfPsf]                                                        kf}8]nn] atfpg'eof] .
hgljZjf; 5 . of] ;+u} k"l0f{dfsf] lbg;Dd        sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . 36gfsf]
lhNnfsf ljleGg 7fpFdf ;/fPF d]nf nfUg]          cg';Gwfgsf nflu bfªsf] sld/]rf}/
                                                Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no / Ko"7fgsf]
                                                                                             tnjsf] nflu e}nf]
ub{5 . cfOtaf/ bfvfSjf8Lsf] lrltvf]nf,                                                                   w/dkfgL -Ko";;_÷
                                                                                                                        ;_÷;/:jtL
;f]daf/ ljhogu/sf] afndGbL/, d+unaf/            :ju{åf/L k|x/L rf}sLaf6 k|x/Lsf] 6f]nL       lgdflj w/dkfgL– @ n] ljBfnosf
                                                k' l u;s] s f] lhNNff k| x /L sfof{ n o      lzIfsx?sf] tnjsf] nflu ;xof]u h'6fpg
w'jfªdf d]nf nfu]sf] 5 .                        Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 .
             o;} j Lr v} / fsf] ;/ªsf] 6 df                                                           ]
                                                                                             e}nf] v]nsf] 5 . e}nf]af6 gub #% xhf/
                                                             Ko" 7 fgsf] sf] l rjfªaf6       ?k}of ;+sng ePsf] ljBfnon] hgfPsf] 5 .
ltxf/kl5 sflQs z'Sn ;KtdLdf nfUb}               bfªsf] 8'a|'ªdf Ps 6f]nL e}nf] v]Ng
cfPsf] d] n f o;kfnL gx' g ] ePsf] 5                                                                     ljBfnodf /x]sf gLlh ;|f]tsf
                                                uPsf] :yfgLojf;Lln] atfPsf 5g .              lzIfsx?sf] tnjsf] nflu ;d:of kg]{
. d] n fdf x/] s jif{ em} e mu8f x' g ] /       xTof ug]{ @& jlif{o bfg axfb'/ 3lt{          ePsfn] e}nf] v]lnPsf] ljBfnosf] egfO{
To;n] ;dfhdf gsf/fTds k| e fj                                                                                                                  5 . sl/a #) /f]kgL le/fnf] hldgdf                           afFemf]af/LnfO{ gd'gf agfpg]
                                                km/f/ /x]sf 5g .                             5 . ljBfnodf $ hgf gLlh ;|f]tsf                   o:tf] cleofg yflnPsf] xf] .                     cleofgdf e'–;+/If0f sfof{non] cfkm"nfO{
kfg] { ePsfn] o;kfnL d] n f gug] {                                                           lzIfs 5g\ .                                                                       ]
                                                                                                                                                           pxfFn] ljut # jif{bvL :6fOnf],      lgz' N s ?kdf 3fF ; sf] lap pknAw

c7f/ jif{kl5 efO{6Lsf
s] z / /f] s f÷Ko" ; ;
                                                                                                                                               OlknOlkn, cld|;f], g]lko/ hftsf 3fF;
                                                                                                                                               v]tL nufP/ afFemf]af/LnfO{ gd'gf :yfg
                                                                                                                                               agfpg] cleofgdf b}lgs nfuL k/]sf]
                                                                                                                                               atfpg'eof] . cfly{s lx;fjn] ljkGg
                                                                                                                                                                                               u/fPsf] eGb} kfj{tLn] cfufdL lbgdf klg
                                                                                                                                                                                               o;} u /L ;xof] u sf] ck] I ff ug' { x ' G 5 .
                                                                                                                                                                                               afFemf]af/L / le/fnf] hldgdf e"Ifo klg
                                                                                                                                                                                               /f]Sg] / cfDbfgLsf] klg ;|f]t aGg] ePsfn]
                                               alb{of uPsfn] o;f] ePsf] xf] . …bfO{nfO{      sfd ug{] pxfFn] cfSsn em'Ssn ljbf
            afË]d/f]7÷ sf e/t axfb'/
                     ÷oxfF                     6Lsf nufpg gkfPklg e]6d} lrQ a'emfPÚ          kfpg] u/]sf] atfpg'eof] . …ljbf e}xfn]            kl/jf/nfO{ casf lbgdf o;} s f]                  lhNnfsf cu|h s[ifsnfO{ sfof{nosf]
/f] s fn] sl/j b' O { bzskl5 cfkm\ g f]        ,alxgL e'df /f]sfn] Ko"7fg ;dfrf/;Fu          klg lkmNdsf] ;'l6Ë k¥of] eg] 5f]8\g               cfDbfgLaf6 u'hf/f rnfpg] ;f]Fr /x]sf]                            '
                                                                                                                                                                                               ;xof]u lng k|dv kf}8nn] cg'/f]w ug'eof]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ]                 {
alxgLsf] xftaf6 efO{6Lsf nufpg'ePsf]           eGg'eof], …bfO{ ef/t hfFbf d]/f] ljx] klg     ldNb}GYof], To;}n] 3/ cfpg gkfPsf] x'F            pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . hflu/sf lznlznfdf           . o:t} kfj{tLn] klg cfkm"n] h:t} c?
5 . /f] h uf/sf] lznlznfdf ef/t                ePsf] lyPg, bfO{ 3/ cfpg'ePsf] 5 eGg]         .Ú ,pxfFn] Ko"7fg ;dfrf/;Fu eGg'eof],             ef/tdf uPsf >LdfgnfO{ ;d]t ufpFd}               ls;fgnfO{ o:tf le/fnf / v]tL gx'g]
k'Ug'ePsf afË]d/f]7–@ lgjf;L /f]sf !*          vj/ ;'Gbf d t crDd k/] .Ú                     …dlxgfdf @) lbg hlt sfd ug{' k5{,                 af]nfO{ afFemf] jf/Ldf 3fF; v]tL ug]{ of]hgf    hUufdf k/Dk/fut v]tL 5f]8L cfw'lgs
jif{ kl5 dfq 3/ kmsL{Psfn] 6Lsf nufpg                      csL{ alxgL lji0ffn] Pp6f          sdfO{ klg /fd|} x'G5, ljx] cem} u/]sf]            /x]sf] kfj{tLsf] egfO{ 5 . tLg jif{b]lv         3fF; v]tL u/]/ cfDbfgLsf] ;|f]t agfpg
kfpg'ePsf] xf] .                               bfh'sf nflu ltxf/sf] tof/L ug'ePsf] lyof]
                                                                                {            5}g\ .Ú nfdf] ;do kl5 3/ cfPsfn]                  nufPsf] 3fF; v]tLn] ca eg] jflif{s              cfu|x ;d]t ug{'x'G5 .
            !* jif{ s f] lszf] / pd] / df      . ljgf hfgsf/L PSsf;L bfh' 3/ cfPsf]          l5§} ef/t kms{g] dg;fo gePsf] pxfFn]
ef/t k|j]z ug'{ePsf pxfF #^ jif{ k'u]
kl5 3/ kms{ ] s f] cfdf r' d f /f] s fn]
                                               vj/ pxfF n fO{ kTofpg} u| f xf] ePsf]
                                               atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] Ko"7fg ;dfrf/;Fusf]
                                                                                             atfpg'eof] .
                                                                                                         o;} l jr, jfË] d /f] 7 –@ s}
                                                                                                                                               ckfª\utf ;DjGwL cGt/lqmof
atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof], …pm 3/           s'/fsfgLdf v'l; JoQm ub{} eGg'eof], …Ps       gf/fo0f /fgfn] klg o; k6s !) jif{                             Ko" 7 fg -Ko" ; ;_÷ /fli6« o        h'dfgl;+x s]=;L=n] ckfËtf ePsfx?nfO{
cfpFbf t d}n] lrGg} ;lsg .Ú                    efO{sf] tof/Ln] b'O{ efO{nfO{ 6Lsf nufOlbFP   kl5 cfkm\gL lblb lji0ff /fgfsf] xftjf6            ckf+u ;]jf ;+3 Ko"7fgn] ckfËtf ;DjGwL           bof dfof dfq geP/, clwsf/ / kx'rdf      F
            pFxfn] cfkm\gL ;flxnL alxgL        .Ú o;kfnL bfh' cfPsf]n] ;bfsf] ltxf/          l6sf nufpg'ePsf] 5 .                              uflj; :tl/o cGt/lqmof sfo{ q md                 a[l4 ug{ ;j}n] cf–cfkm\gf] 7fFpaf6 e'ldsf
lji0ff /f]sfsf] xftjf6 l6sf nufpg'ePsf]        eGbf /dfOnf] dxz'; ePsf] efO{ uf]/                        hflu/sf] qmddf ljb] z                 ;f]daf/ k'Fhf uflj; ejgdf ;DkGg                                                  F
                                                                                                                                                                                               v]Ng' kg{] atfpg'ePsf] lyof] . k'hf uflj;sf]
xf] . 3/df b'O{ efO{ / rf/ alxgL ePklg         jxfb'/ /f]sfn] jtfpg'eof] . pxfFn] eGg'eof]   k' U g' e Psf /fgf cGo ;dodf 3/                   u/]sf] 5 .                                      ;xof]udf ;+rfngdf ePsf] xf] .
Pp6L alxgLaf6 dfq 6Lsf nufPsf] /f]sfn]         …ljgf vj/ PSsf;L bfO{ cfpg'eof], Psbd}        cfpg]hfg] u/]tf klg d]nf kj{df cfpg                           sfo{qmddf af]Ng] jQmfx?n]                         o;} l jr d+ u njf/ ;DkGg
atfpg' e of] . pxfF n ] eGg' e of] ] , …;j}                                                                                                    uflj;df /x]sf ckfËtfx?sf] klxrfg                e] n fn] k' F h f uflj; :tl/o ckfË
                                               v';L nfUof], kQfPs} lyPg .Ú                   gkfF p bf l6sf nufpg gkfPsf]                      ul/g' kg{], kl/ro kq ljt/0fnfO{ cem}            ;dGjo ;ldlt u7g u/] s f] 5 .
kl/jf/;Fu a;]/ 6Lsf nufpg] dg x'bf       F                 d]nf kj{df 3/ cfpg dg             jtfpg'eof] . w]/} jif{ l6sf gnufpFbf              k|efjsf/L agfpg' kg{], ckfËtf ePsf              :yfgLo a} + s ' 0 7axfb' / s] = ;L=sf]
  F
x'b} klg To;f] x'g ;s]g .Ú cGo b'O{ j6L        nfu]tfklg 5'l§ gkfPsf sf/0f 3/ cfpg           t rf8kj{ g} e'n] h:tf] x'g] cg'ej                 JoQmx?sf] xs clwsf/sf ljifodf                   cWoIftfdf !! ;b:oLo ;ldlt u7g
alxgL b'Mvdf ePsfn] / sflG5 alxgL              g;s]sf] /f]sfsf] egfO{ 5 . lkmNdL If]qdf      pxfFsf] 5 .                                       hfgsf/L u/fpg'kg{} atfPsf lyP .                 ul/Psf] xf] . pkfWoIfdf 6' s axfb' /
                                                                                                                                                           sfo{qmddf /fhgLlts bnsf             s] = ;L=, ;lrj lhtaxfb' / s] = ;L=,

 d]nfdf :yfgLo pTkfbgsf] k|bz{gL
                   fg÷k/Dk/fut ?kdf
            Ko" 7 fg÷
                                                                                                                                               k|ltlglwx?n] ufFpdf klxnf] k6s o:tf
                                                                                                                                               vfnsf] sfo{qmd ePsf] v'l; JoQm u/]sf
                                                                                                                                               lyP . ckfËtfsf ljifodf ;xof]u ug{]
                                                                                                                                               ;d]t atfPsf 5g\ . sfo{qmddf ;+3sf
                                                                                                                                                                                               sf] i ffWoIf odsnf s] = ;L=, ;x ;lrj
                                                                                                                                                                                               lrGtaxfb' / a' 9 fyf] s L nufPt ;b:o
                                                                                                                                                                                               /x] s f 5g\ . To;} u l/ ;Nnfxsf/x?df
                                                                                                                                                                                               uflj; ;lrj / :yfgLo ;dfh;] j L
nfUb} cfPsf] ;/fPF d]nfdf o;kfnL :yfgL                                                                                                         cWoIf tyf sfo{qmdsf k|d'v cltly                 rGb| k | ; fb zdf{ /xg' e Psf] 5 .
?kdf pTkfbg ePsf ;fdfu|Ln] ;d]t
:yfg kfPsf 5g . 3/]n' pTkfbgsf
;fdfu| L sf] ahf/ k| j { 4 gsf nflu
o;jif{b]vL ;/fPF d]nfdf k|b{zg yfngL
                                                                                                                                               ejg elTs“bf k7gkf7gdf ;d:of
                                                                                                                                               /fdk| ; fb Gof} k fg] ÷ Ko" ; ;
ul/Psf] 5 .
            lhNNff n3' pBdL ;+3 Ko"7fg                                                                                                                     k' F h f÷ oF x fsf] dx] G b| lgDg
                                                                                                                                               dfWolds ljBfnosf] ejg elTsPkl5
/ n3' pBd ljsf; sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgfdf                                                                                                                    ]
                                                                                                                                               tLg jif{bvL Pp6} sf]7fdf b'O{ sIffsf]
   {
k|bzgL ul/Psf] xf] . cNnf]sf ljleGg ;fdfu|L                                                                                                                      F
                                                                                                                                               k7g kf7g x'b} cfPsf] 5 . rf/ sf]7]
                                ]
b]vL xj{n ;fj'g, af3d'v] r'n;L, d}gaQL,                                                                                                        ejg elTsP kl5 clxn];Dd Pp6} sf]7fdf
cu/aQL, afF;sf ;fdfu|L nufot :yfgLo                                                                                                            b'O{ sIffsf ljBfyL{n] k9\g] u/]sf 5g\ .
pTkfbgx? k|b{zgLdf /flvPsf] lyof] .                                                                                                                        )%( ;fndf :yfgLosf]
bfvfSjf8Lsf] lrltvf]nf / ljhogu/sf]                                                                                                            >dbfgdf lgld{t rf/sf]7] ejg jiff{df
afndlGb/df k|bzgL /flvPsf] xf] .
                 {                             x'g'x'GYof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],… cNnf]sf]                      To;}u/L lhNnfsf] lrgf/L af]ssf]
                                                                                                                                         ]     elTsPsf] xf] . k|wfgfWofks lgd axfb'/
            æ:yfgLo pTkfbgsf] k|of]u           af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpFb}5' .Ú cNnf]af6          af3d'v] r'n;Lsf] k|bzg ug{ sflnu9 s]bf/l;+x
                                                                                                         ]          {                          yfkfn] eGg'eof], …b'O{6f sf]7f t k'/}
u/f} + , :yfgLo >d, ;Lk / ;fwgsf]              ag]sf sk8f, emf]nf, 6f]kL, sf]6 nufotsf       lj=s k'Ug'ePsf] lyof] . pFxfn] ljqmL gePklg       elTsPsf] 5, afFsL b'O{ klg wfhf kmf6]sf
;b'kof]u u/f}+Æ eGg] d'n gf/fsf ;fy                                                                                                            5g\ .Ú t/ ;f]xL sf]7fdf $ / % sIffsf
                                               ;fdfu|L pFxfn] k|b{zgLdf /fVg'ePsf] lyof]     k|rf/–k|;f/ ePsf] atfpg'eof] . lhNnf leq          &! hgf ljBfyL{ n ] k9\ g ] u/] s f]
;+rfng ul/Psf] k|b{zgLdf lhNnfsf               . ;fdfgx?sf] l7s} ljqmL ePsf]                               ]
                                                                                             / aflx/ r'n;Lsf] dfu cToflws /x]sf] atfpFb}       atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] yKg'eof], …sIff !
ljleGg pBdLx?n] cf–cfkm\gf] pTkfbLt                                                                                                                                                            lgdf{ 0 fsf] nflu s' g } kxn gePsf]
                                               lrqsnLn] atfpg'eof] .                         pFxfn] pTkfbg Tof] cg'kftdf x'g g;ls/x]sf]        / @ sf ^) hgf ljBfyL{ Pp6} sf]7fdf              k|wfgfWofks yfkfn] atfpg'eof] .
;fdfg ;lxt ;xefuL ePsf lyP .                                sltkonfO{ lhNnfdf g} ag]sf]      atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],… dfu cg';f/         a;]/ kl9/x]sf 5g\ .Ú                                        ef} l ts k' j f{ w f/sf cefjdf
            k|b{zgLdf k'Ug'ePsL dlxnf          eGg] yfxf gePsf] n ] of] k| b { z gLn]        agfpg] u5',{ t/ hlt agfPklg ljqmLsf] nflu                     lhNnf lzIff sfof{non] lh0f{         ljBfyL{ x ? e' O d} a;] / k9\ g afWo
pBdL lrqsnL a'9fdu/n] cNnf]af6                 :yfgLonfO{ cNnf]af/] hfgsf/L ePsf]            ;d:of 5}g .Ú r'n;L agfpg ldx]gt w]/}
                                                                                                                      ]                        ejgnfO{ k| f yldstf lbg] elg ;| f ] t           5g eg] kfgLsf] ;d:ofn] ;f} r fno
ag] s f        ljleGg          ;dfu| L af/]    pFxfsf] egfO{ 5 . …t/ w]/}n] cNnf]sf]         nfUg] pFxfn] cg'ej ;'gfpg'eof] .                  s]Gb|nfO{ lhDdf lbPtfklg ;|f]t s]Gb|df          ;d] t k| o f] u ljlxg /x] s f] lzIfs
cjnf] s gstf{ n fO{ hfgsf/L u/fpF b }          dxTj a'em]sf 5}gg\Ú pFxfn] eGg'eof] .                               af“sL ^ k]hdf ====          k6s k6s hfgsf/L u/fpFbf ;d]t ejg                sdn lh=;Ln] atfpg' e of] .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                          @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                              ^
                                                                                                           ljljw
 hfGg]nfO{ >Lv08 ghfGg]nfO{ v'kf{sf] lj8 u|fdL0f ljsf;df ;fdflhs
             a'em]/ klg a'em krfpg] /
JolQmut :jfy{sf nflu bn / hgtfsf]
                                                  kl/rfngsf] dxTj
                                            slta]nf s] ug]{ < s] sfd s;/L ug]{
                                  aL=kL= ;] 9 fO{
                                            eGg] ljifo t !@ a'Fb] ;xdtL ug]{ a]nfd}
nft dfg] { ;+ : sf/ g] k fnL /fhg} l ts     ;f] R g ;lsg] lyPg / < tTsfnLg                cWoIf ;flxTo ;dfh, Ko"7fg                                      u|fdL0f ;dfhdf AofKt /x]sf]
/Ëd~rdf cflbsfn b]vLs} pkxf/ eP/            dfcf]jfbLn] sDo'lgi6 ;+ljwfg aGnf ls                                                             u/LaL, clzIff, cljsf; h:tf ;d:of
cfPsf] 5 . Oltxf;dfly 6]s]/ eGg] xf]        gaGnf eGg] s' / f plta] n f ;f] r ] s f]                                                         lgd'{n kfg{ ;dflhs kl/rfngsf] e'ldsf
                                                                                         klg ;+;f/ 5, lj4fgx? /fhgLlteGbf                    dxTjk'0f{ e'ldsf x'G5 . u|fdL0f ;dfhsf]
eg] g]kfnsf] PsLs/0f cf/De ePkl5            x'g'kb{Yof] . ca t s] JofVof ug]{ a]nf       aflx/ 5g\ eGg] s'/f /fhg]tfx?n] a'em\g'
k[YjLgf/fof0f zfx afx]s s'g} klg /fhg]tf    cfof] eg] g] k fnL sDo' l gi6x?n]                                                                ?kfGt/0fsf] k| s [ o fsf nflu ;dflh
                                                                                         h?/L 5 . ef/tdf cab' n snfd                         kl/rfng clt cfjZos c:q dflgG5 .
/ /fhg}lts bndf /fli6«otf, :jfledflgtf      dfS;{ j fbnfO{ >Lv08 dfg] / rGbg             j}1flgsnfO{ /fi6klt agfOPsf] lyof] .
/ gLle{stf b]Vg kfOPg\ . To;}n] @)^#                                                                                                         o;} ;Gbe{df ;fdflhs kl/rfng eGgfn]
;fnsf] P] l txfl;s hgcfGbf] n g4f/f
                                            agfPsf xf]Og /x]5g\ . xnf] agfpg]
                                            sf7sf ?kdf a'em]sf /x]5g\ / xnf] agfP
                                                                                         ufGwLn] /fhgLltnfO{ Jojxf/ / ;dfh;]jf               ;dfhnfO{ ;sf/fTds lb;f tkm{ ws]Ng'                       ;Gb] z cfrfo{
                                                                                         leq 3'nfP/ /fli6«o efjgf / b]zk|]dnfO{              xf] . ;dfhsf ;b:ox?nfO{ vf; pb]Zo
cfofltt ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq             lsg ls cf/g]n] v'kf{df la+8 xfNof] eg]       ldof] agfP/ /fli6«o d'lQm o'4 n8] .
w/fkdf k/]sf] 5 . nf]stGq Pp6f ljlw         >Lv08sf] ;lx pkof]u ePg . la+8                                                                   k|flKtsf nflu ;+ul7t u/L ;d'xdf cfj4        ;d]t ;dflhs kl/rfng n] dxTj k'0f{
                                                                                         af:tjdf pgn] kmf]x/L /fhgLlt u/]gg\,                u/fpg' / pgLx?s]f Ifdtf clea[l4 u/fO{       e'ldsf lgefO{/x]sf] x'G5 .
xf] . sfg'gsf] ;jf]{Rrtf xf] . ;Eotfsf]     agfpg] u'0fsf sd;n sf7 t age/L               ToxL ;+:sf/sf] s]xL 5fFof cem};Dd klg
Bf]ts xf] . tfklg g]kfndf nf]stGq           x'G5g\ . >Lv08 t b'n{e x'G5 . clg                                                                ;dfhdf pknAw k|fs[lts, dfgljo,                           AolQmut tyf ;+ : yfut
                                                                                         5, pgLx? /fli6«otfsf ;jfndf b[9 5g\                 ;fdflhs,ljlQo cflb >f] t x?nfO{             Ifdtf clea[ l 4 ug] { bl/nf] dfWod,
>Lv08sf] sf7 v'kf{sf] la8 xfn] h:t}         jf;gf o'Qm kljq >Lv08nfO{ xltof/sf]          / g}ltstfsf] cfwf/df /fhgLlt ug{
ePsf] 5, of] eGbf a9L k|ltsfTds             la+8 agfpFbf sf7sf] klxrfg / pkof]u                                                              pTkfbgd'ns If]qdf k|of]u u/fO{ u/La,        ;dfhnfO{ ;dfgtf / ;dtf k|flKtdf
                                                                                         vf]Hb5g\ t/ g]kfndf h+uaxfb'/n] sf]tkj{             lgd'vf,c;fxfo / cfjfh ljlxg AolQm           ;xof]u, k/Dk/fut ;f]+r d'No dfGotf
l6Kk0fL ul//xg' cfjZos 5}g\ .               l7s gePsf] 7xl/G5 . o; sf]0faf6 x]bf{        36fP/ ;Qf k|fKt u/]em]+ xfn;Dd klg
             dfgj ljsf;sf x/] s             g]kfnL /fhgLltdf dl0f lrGg] /fhg]tf /                                                            ,;d'x / au{sf] Ifdtf, 1fg, ;Lk /            ,s' ? lt x6fpg ;dflhs kl/rfngn]
                                                                                         To;} s f] l;sf] u/] / /fhgLlt ul/g'                 ;[ h gfsf] ljsf; ;lxt plgx?nfO{             dxTjk'0f{ e'ldsf v]Ng] ePsf] x'Fbf lo
sfnv08df s'g} g s'g} k|sf/sf] r]tgfn]       >Lv08 lrGg] bn g} /x] g 5g\ eGg]             o'ufg's'n xf]nf of gxf]nf < Tof] t
ljZjsf] ljsf;df gofF cfofd yKb} uof]        k|dfl0ft x'G5 .                                                                                  pTkfbg d'ns If]qdf ;+nUg u/fpg' ;fFrf]      s'/fx?df ;dfhsf ;b:ox? ;r]t /
                                                                                         g]kfnsf /fhg]tfx?n] dgg ug'{kg]{ ljifo              cy{df ;fdflhs kl/rfng xf] . ;fdlhs          ;an x'G5 ta plgx? cfkm} k/Dk/fut
/ of] a|Xf08df gofF ljsf; / cfljisf/                     ;/sf/df hfg' cfkm\ g f          xf] . lgisif{df s] eGg ;lsG5 eg] dfgj
u/fof] . oxL k|lqmofnfO{ klqmP/ xfdL        sfof{stf{nfO{ kb / k};f sdfpg] 7fpF                                                              kl/rfng 4f/f ;dfhsf k|fo M ;a}              s[lif{ k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/ ub}{ cfw'lglss/0f
                                                                                         ;Eotfsf] ljsf;nfO{ x]bf{ /fhgLltnfO{                ;b:ox? k|efljt x'G5 . h;sf] sf/0f           ug{ ;Ifd x' G 5g, To:t} s[ l if{ d f
;a}n] cf cfkm\gf If]qaf6 /fi6« / ljZj       lbg', leGg bnsf dfG5]nfO{ ;tfpg',            dfq clGtd ;To / a:t' dfg]/ rNg'
dfgj ;d'bfonfO{ b]g lbg'kg]{ bfloTj         klxn] gftfjfb clg s[kfjfbdf hf]8 lbg',                                                           ljsf; df ;fdflhs kl/rfng ckl/xfo{           cfw'lgls/0f ;+u ;+u} s'l6/ pwf]usf]
                                                                                         /fd| f ] xf] O g . /fhgLlt t /fHonfO{               e} ;s]sf] 5g eg] u|fld0f lasf;df t          :yfkgf ;+u ;+u} ljsf;df hg;xeflutf
af]s]sf 5f}+ t/ ;a}n] Tof] bfloTjnfO{       3'; vf]/LnfO{ cf]Tg', zlQmsf] b'?kof]u       Jojl:yt kfg]{ / /fHosf] ;Qf / zlQmnfO{
lgjf{x ug{ vf]Hof}+ ls vf]h]gf} ljrf/0fLo   ug'{ g]kfnsf /fhgLlts bnsf] /fhgg}lts                                                            emg lbg k|ltlbg ;fdlhs kl/rfngsf]           ,hgr]tgf / cfTd ;Ddfg k'0f{ lhjgsf]
                                                                                         ax'hg lxtfo ax'hg ;'vfosf] d'ndGq                   dxTj a9\b} hfg' ;+u ;u} ;a} bft[ lgsf;      cg'e'lt ;d]t ug{ ;S5g .
s'/f of] xf] . dflg;sf] hft, y/ / :j?k      ;+:sf/ ag]sf] 5 . /f0ffx?n] To;} u/],        cg';f/ pef]u / k|of]u ug'{ xf] .
wf/0f u/]/ dfq dflg; x'g ;lsGg .            k~rfotsf ;Lldt dfG5]n] To;} u/], clg                                                             ,;/sf/ ,u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] klg                         o;/L lgisif{ d f s] eGg
                                                                                                        nf]stGqdf nf]sdtsf] k|e'Tj           ;flhs kl/rfng ;+u ;+u}sf] ljsf; nfO{        ;lsG5 eg] ufpF n ] x ? u/La 5g
xfdLdf dfgljo u'0fx? ePgg' eg] xfdLn]       @)$^ kl5 ;/sf/df hfg] bnx?n] To;}            x'G5 . ;/sf/ nf]sdtdf lge{/ ub{5 t/
>Lv08nfO{ >Lv08s} ?kdf glrg] /              u/] eg] Pdfcf]jfbLsf] rfnf klg l7s                                                               hf]8 lbO{/x]sf] xfld kfpF5} .               ,c?af6 bljPsf 5g, clzlIft 5g
                                                                                         xfdL sxfF nf]sdtnfO{ Pp6f s'gfdf                                ct ljleGg u|fld0f kl/a]zdf      t/ lja]s lxg 5}gg\ plgx? cj;/
>Lv08nfO{ bfp/fsf] ?kdf k|of]u ug{          To:t} b]lvof] . km/s z}nL / Goflos           yGsfP/ k|wfgdGqL / dGqL aGg] xf]8afhL
yfNg] 5f}, o;} pkdf / k|tLsnfO{ cfwf/       ;f]+r eGbf k|ltzf]wn] u|l;t dfgl;stf                                                             /x]s]f d'lvof k|yf , wfdL emfFlqm k|yf,     sf] cefjdf k5fl8 kfl/Psf x'g To};}n
                                                                                         rn]sf] 5 . JolQmut / kf6L{ut :jfy{n]                b]psL k|yf,r]lna]l6 a]rljvg ;DalGw          ;dflhs kl/rfngsf] dfWodaf6
dfg] / xfnsf] g] k fnL /fhgLltnfO{          u|fdL0f :t/sf sfo{stf{x? ;Dd klg             kf/fsfi7f r' d ] s f] 5 . nf] s tflGqs              s' / fx?nfO{ ;dflhs kl/rfngsf]              u|fld0fe]udf /x]sf] u/LaL ,clzIff /
ljZn]if0f ug]{ xf] eg] jf:tljstfnfO{        5rlNsPsf] b]lvG5 . /fhgLltdf Ps k6s          ;/sf/df one for all and all for                     dfWodaf6 lg/fs/0f ePsf] / ug{ ;lsg]         bafO{ P sf ;d' b fonfO{ dfly p7fpg
a'em\g ;lsG5 . xfdLn] @)^@÷^# sf]           l7s eP/ / Ps k6s lht]/ ;w}Fe/L               one sf] l;4fGt lglxt x'G5 clkt' g]kfnL              s'/f xfldn] ef]Ub} cfPsf 5f}+ . u|fld0f     ;dflhs kl/rfngsf] dxTj0f{ e'ldsf
P]ltxfl;s hgcfGbf]ngsf] ;Gb]z s] xf]        l7s / ljhoL x'g ;lsGg . kl/l:ytLnfO{         /fhgLltdf Pp6f g]tf / kf6L{nfO{ ;Qfdf
< eGg] s'/f ga'em]/ nf]stGqsf] pkxf;        cfkm\gf] kIfdf kfg]{ df}sf ;w}e/L ldln/xg                                                        kl/a]zsf] ;Da[l4 cfly{s pGgtL tyf           /x] s f] xG5 / ;f] cfj:yfaf6 d' Q m
                                                                                         k'u]/ eQf vfg cfGbf]ng nl8lbg' kg]{                 cfly{s ?kfGt/0f k|s[ofnfO{ ;dflhs           u/fpg ;dflhs kl/rfngsf] dfWod
ul//x]sf 5f} o;nfO{ ;Rrfpg] ;ba'l4          tyflk ;fdflhs sfo{stf{, /fhg}lts             ePsf] 5 . ;a}sf nflu ;/sf/ x'g'kg]{df
xfdL ;j}df knfPg eg] /fi6« e8\vf/fdf        sfo{stf{ / b]zjf;Lx?n] /fli6«o lxt /                                                             kl/rfngn] ;d]6\g] ePsf] x'Fbf u|fld0f       af6 u|fld0f lasf;sf] dxTj0f{ e'ldsf
                                                                                         ;/sf/sf nflu hgtfn] h] klg ;lxlbg'                  kl/a]zdf cem ;fdlhs kl/rfng sf]             /x]sf] x'G5 . ct xfd|f] 6f]n, l5d]s /
kg{ s] a]/ nfUnf / Û                        :jfy{sf af/]df ;f]Rg' a'l4dfgL dflgG5        kg]{ eof] . ;j} g]tfx? k|wfgdGqL aGgsf]
             xfd|f] b]z qmflGt / cfGbf]ng              ]
                                            . 3/ kf]n/ v/fgLsf] pkef]u ug]{ /fhgLlt                                                          d'ldsf uxg /x]sf] x'G5 . ;dflhs             ufpF d f klg ;fdlhs kl/rfngsf]
                                                                                         nflu ;+ljwfg gagfP/ ;/sf/ ;/sf/                     kl/rfng ljgfsf] u|fdL0f lbjf ;kgf dfq       dfWofdaf6 ljsf; ug'{ ckl/xfo{ e}
ug]{ kmfObf lng g;Sg] b]zsf ?kdf            ug]{ xfd|f g]tfx?nfO{ /fhg}lts OdfGbfl/tf    km]l//xg' k/]sf] 5 . ljb]zL bnfn Jofkf/L
lrlgb} 5 . s'g} JolQmn] ;DklQ sdfof],       k9fpg] kf7zfnf slxn] / sxfF vf]Nbf                                                               xf] To};n] u/LaL Go'lgs/0f ug]{ b]lv lnP/   ;s]s]f 5 eGb} ljsf;df 7]s]bf/L k|yfsf]
                                                                                         b]lv :jb]zL xTof/f / u'08fx?nfO{ dGqL               :yflgo >f]t / ;fwgsf] k|of]u ug]{ s'/fdf    k'0f{ ?df cGTo ul/g' kb{5 .
s'g} JolQmn] k}t[s ;DklQ hf]ufO{ /fVof],    l7s xf]nf eGg] ;d;fdlos oyfy{tf              agfOG5 . @)^# ;fn kl5sf] /fhg}lts
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kl5 sdfPsfn] a]r/ vfof] t/ gsdfpg]n]        xfdL ;a}sf cufl8 d8fl/Psf] 5 . g]kfnL        gUgtfnfO{ x] b f{ g] k fnL /fhgLltdf                kf6L{ ====                                  g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf] 4G4 pTsif{df k'u]sf]
wfg]/ vfof] a]r]g . ca sdfpg] eGbf          /fhgLltdf OdfGbfl/tf rflxPsf] 5 .            nf]stGqnfO{ glrg]/} nf]stGqsf] ufgf                 ePsf] x'gfn] klg, lx+;fTds ;+3if{df df]xg   5 . aflx/sf] jfSo'4 dfq xf]Og, cfGtl/s
wfGg] JolQm kmfObfdf uof] l7s To:t}         /fhg}lts ?kdf g]kfndf u0ftGq eGbf            ufOPsf] 5 . lrlgPsf] eP nf]stflGqs                               [
                                                                                                                                             j}BhLsf] g]tTj ;Dk"0f{tfd} c;kmn xf]nf .    ;f+u7lgs hLjg klg Wj:t ePsf] 5 .
xfdLn] nf]stflGqs u0ftGq wfGg ;Sg]          csf]{ df]8n Nofpg' kg]{ b]lvGg . k'FhLjfbL   ;+ljwfg agfP/ hgtfnfO{ k|bfg ul/GYof] .                         t/ pGdfb eg]sf] pGdfb xf] .     dfcf]jfbLsf] s]Gb|df dfq xf]Og, tn
ls g;Sg] < eGg] k|Zg k|fylds xf], sf]       ls ;fDojfbL Joj:yf < eGg] k| Z g             ;+;f/df nf]stflGqs Joj:yf ;kmn eO/x]sf              pGdfb;Fu ts{ x'Fb}g, kfunkg dfq} x'G5       lhNnf sld6L;Dd of] sfof{gLlts n8fOF
;/sf/df hfg] s;n] h; kfpg] eGg]             g]kfnaf6 cf]em]n k/]sf] 5 . !) jif]{         a]nf g]kfndf nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg lsg                 . d]/f] uf]?sf] afx|} 6Ssf eGg] pvfg g}     rsf]{ ePsf] 5 . …afa'/fdn] /fi6«3ft u/]sf]Ú
ljifo uf}0f xf] u0ftGq Nofpgdf sdn          hgo'4n] nf]stflGqs ;+3Lo u0ftGq              aGg ;ls /fv]sf] 5}g t < ca g]kfndf                  pGdfbsf] lgisif{ xf] . …;] S 6/ tf] 8       cf/f] k t ca s] x L xf] O g, …g] t [ T jn]
yfkf / 1fg]Gb|s} klg h; kfpg] 7fpF 5        :jLsf/]/ cfPkl5 oxL /fhg}lts df]8n           s'g Joj:yf cfpg] < g]kfnL hgtfnfO{                  cfGbf]ngÚ ;Dk"0f{tfd} c;kmn eP klg          hgo'4k|lt u2f/L u¥of]Ú eGg];Ddsf]
. 1fg]Gb|n] hgtfsf cuf8L xf/ l:jsf/         g} clGtd xf] . s'g} lbgdf eljiodf            crfgf] agfP/ bnx? nl8/xFbf rf]6 ;xg]                sf7df08f}+ ;x/sf] hLjg s]xL lbgsf nflu      uDeL/ cf/f]k dfcf]jfbLleq ;nx h;/L
ug'{ / bnx?sf] dfu k'/f ug'{nfO{ klg        dfS;{jfbsf] k|of]u ug{ s'g} sDo'lgi6         hgtfsf] xfn s] x'G5 < /fi6«sf] xfn s]               c:tJo:t t ePs} xf] lg Û g] s kf             km} l nPsf] 5 leqleq . t/ PsLs[ t
u0ftGq :yfkgfsf] h; lbg ;lsG5 .             zlQm cfP5 / ;kmn eP5 eg] eljion]             x'G5 < of] ;jfn k|wfg ;jfn xf] . ;/sf/df            dfcf]jfbLsf] hgo'4 c;kmn ePsf] eP           dfcf] j fbL kf6L{ gkm' 6 f] ; \ . PsLs[ t
tyflk g] k fnsf /fhgLlts bn /               pbfx/0f b]vfpFnf xf]Og eg] clxn] h]          hfg], dGqL aGg], cfkm\gf] kf6L{nfO{ lhtfpg]         klg To;n] ;f]x| xhf/ gf} ;o g]kfnL          dfcf] j fbL nf] s tfGqLs/0fsf] af6f] d f
/fhg] t fx?n] h; kfpg] s' / f dfq           k|fKt u/]sf 5f}+ oxL pknAwL g} xfd|f]        h:tf ;jfnx? uf}0f 5g t/ log} uf}0f                  gful/ssf] Hofg lnPs} xf] lg Û sflQs         cufl8 a9f];\ . xfdL oxL sfdgf u/f}+ .
/fhgLltsf] d'n cfwf/ agfpg vf]Hg'n]         eljio ag]sf] 5 . o;}nfO{ ;+:yfut ug'{        ;jfnd} g]kfnL /fhgLlt e'd/LPsf] 5 .                 dlxgfsf] klxnf] xKtfdf cfOk'Ubf PsLs[t                   OsflGtk'/af6
/fhgLltnfO{ >Lv08sf ?kdf ga'em]/            clxn]sf] cfjZostf xf] . Oltxf; eg]sf]                       b] z n] zflGt rfx] s f] 5 .
kmflnPsf] bfp/f]sf] ?kdf t a'em]sf x}gg     ljt]sf 36gfx?sf] ;+ufnf] xf] . 36gfx?        ;'zf;g rfx]sf] 5 / ljsf; rfx]sf] 5 .                d]nfdf ====                                 lj:tf/sf nflu k|b{zgL u/]sf] n3' pBd
< eGg] ts{ ug]{ 7fpF 5 . olb o;f] xf]Og     l;h{gfTds / Wj+;fTds b'j} vfnsf              olt x'Fbfx'Fb} klg b]zn] zflGt, ;'zf;g /                       k| b { z gLdf xl/ofnL n3'        ljsf; sfo{ q mdsf ;+ o f] h s ljho
eg] /f0ffsfn g} l7s lyof] eGg] cj:yf        x'G5g\ . dfgj ;dfh / Oltxf;nfO{ ;Eo          ljsf;sf] rnfodfg ult k|fKt ug{ ;s]sf]               pBd ;d'xn] /fv]sf] …sGof RofpÚ s]lx         lh=;Ln] atfpg'eof] . lhNnfsf] n3'
bnx?n] lsg k}bf u/fP < kbdf hfgs}           / ljsl;t kfg]{ 36gfx?nfO{ cg';/0f            5}g . /fhgLlts bnn] cfkm"x? / cfkm\gf               ;dod} ljqmL eP/ ;lsof] . ;d'xn]             pBdsf] ljsf; / lj:tf/sf] nflu gofF
nflu u0ftGqsf] gfddf lsg dfG5]              u/]/ cl3 a9\g' xfd|f] dfgjtf xf] . g]kfndf   g]tfx? dfq l7s 5g\ eGg] Ouf] kfn]/                  pTkfbg u/] s f] @% lsnf] u | f d Rofp       vfnsf] ;f] + r ePsf] ;d] t pF x fn]
d/fOPsf] xf] t < /f0ffsfndf klg >L #        To;f] eO/x]sf] 5}g . ;+;f/nfO{ ljs;Lt        a;]sf 5g\ . ;+;f/ /fhgLlt / bn eGbf                 Ps}l5gdf ljqmL ePsf] ;d'xsf cWoIf           atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],… d]nfdf
/ >L % u/L kb afF8]/ a;]s} lyP . s]         kfg] { sfd /fhgLltn] u/] s f] xf] O g        aflx/ @ efun] a9L 5 . /fhgLlt ;+;f/sf]              gf/fo0fL kf}8]nn] atfpg'eof] .              w] / } dfG5] n ] cjnf] s g ug{ ;S5g\ Ú
Ps hgf k| w fgdGqL aGg] c? ;a}              k|ltefx?n] u/]sf x'g\ . o'/f]kdf :ju{        Ps lx:;f dfq xf] . /fhgLlt ;fWo xf]Og                          k| b { z gLaf6 Rofp s;/L         cjnf]sgstf{sf] k|ltlqmof klg /fd|f] kfPsf]
;/sf/df hfg] bnsf g]tf ;a} pk               hfg] l6s6 sf6\g] / a]Rg] ul/GYof] cfh        ;fwg xf] . Pstf / d]n ljsf;sf] clGtd                pTkfbg x'G5 < eGg] lh1f;f ;d]t              pFxfn] atfpg'eof] .
k|wfgdGqL aGg] eGg] rng g} u0ftGqsf]        cfP/ ljZjnfO{ Pp6f oGq leq c6fpg]            a:t' xf] . nf]stGq ;j} c6fpg] / km'Ng]              d]l6lbPsf] pFxfsf] cgej 5 . k|b{zgLaf6                   cfkm"x?sf] kxndf :yfgLo,
d]?b08 xf] / <                              u/fPsf 5g\ . cfOG;6fOg, 8flj{g, Go"6g        pBfg xf] . km"n km'nfpg vf]Hg]n] au}+rf             cfkm'x?nfO{ ;d]t yk pT;fx ldn]sf]           If]qLo / /fli6«o ?kdf x'g] d]nf tyf
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jfWotfn] x' G 5 . ;+ ; bLo bnx? /           sfo{ s tf{ lyPgg\ , ;] S ;lko/n] s' g }      hgtf sf] x'g < kfpg] hgtfn] xf] ls                  ;d'xdf ldn]/ sfd u/]sf 5f}, 3/ vr{          pF x fn] lhNnfn] g} o;tkm{ ;f] R g' k g] {
/fh;+:yf clg dfcf]jfbLx? aLr b'/L           /fhg}lts cfGbf]ng dRrfPgg\, a'4n]            lglZrt JolQmn] < hgtfsf] /ut /                      h'6fpg klg ;lhnf] efÚ5 .Ú P3f/ hgfsf]       atfpg'eof] . :yfgLo pTkfbgnfO{ a9fjf
a9]kl5 g]kfndf u0ftGq cfPsf] xf] . of]      /fhgLlt u/]gg\, ufGwLn] ;d]t cfkm"nfO{       kl;gfsf] df]n /fHon] ltg'{ kb{5 ls kb}{g            ;d'xdf ldn]/ Rofp pTkfbg ub}{ cfPsf]        lbg n3' pBdLx?nfO{ yf]/} dfq ;xof]u
tTsfnLg /fhgLltsf] :yfoL lgsf; lyof]        ;fdflhs sfo{stf{sf] ?kdf lrgfpg]             < lo ;a} k|Zgx?sf] pQ/ hgdfg;n]                     cWoIf kf}8]nn] atfpg'eof] .                 ug{ ;s]df /fd|f] pTkfbg / ahf/ k|j{bg
. ca t u0ftGqnfO{ ;+:yfut ug'{ k¥of]        k|of; u/]/ ufGwLjfb st} klg geGg'            vf]lh/x]sf 5g'\ . o:tf] a]nfdf nf]stGqnfO{                     k/Dk/fut ?kdf nfUb} cfPsf]       ug{ ;lsg] pFxfsf] egfO{ 5 .
. ;+ljwfg ;efdf uP/ lsg cl8\sg] <           eg]sf lyP t;y{ /fhgLlt eGbf aflx/            v'kf{sf] la+8 h:t} agfOPsf] 5 .                     :yfgLo d]nfdf :yfgLo pTkfbgsf] kx'Fr               – gf/fo0f l3ld/]÷k|lzIffyL{ kqsf/
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                                              KMC SILD Pvt./Hero Honda
                                                     Showroom
                                                                                           KMC SILD/Friednship Flax
                                                                                                    Print
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                                                  Bijuwar, Pyuthan
                                                Phone : 086-460464
                                                                                               Bijuwar, Pyuthan
                                                                                             Phone : 086-460464
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                                                                                                                                                                                                    drsathii@yahoo.com
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klg sfkmLxb;Dd k| e fljt kfg] { 5 .                  kfg] { jf cGo ljifox?l;t ;DalGwt             lgdf{0f / u0ftGqnfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{                    lznf zdf{ -gfd kl/jt{ g _ jif{          cem lgoldt kl/jf/ lgof] h gsf]
dfcf]jfbL ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf]                ljjfbx?sf sf/0fn] ltgLx?nfO{ c;kmn           x'g ;s]gg\ eg] To;af6 k'Ug] IfltnfO{                @(,;/f;/ Pp6f cf}iflw k;ndf cfpg'             ;fwgsf] ?kdf k| o f] u u/] d f dlxnf
;+u7g xf] . Tof]l;t 7"nf] ;+Vofdf n8fs",             kfg{ tof/ klg x'g] gLlt ckgfp"5 eg]          k"/f ug{ k'gM bzsf}+ nfdf] ;+3if{af6                eof] . pxfFn] cfsl:ds ue{lg/f]wdf vfOg]       :jf:Yodf gsf/fTds c;/ b]lvG5 .
sfo{stf{, b]zJofkL?kdf ;+u7gfTds cfwf/               To;sf] sf/0f s] xf] < To;af/] klg s]xL       hfg'kg]{5 . a]nfotsf] pbfx/0f xfd|f                 cf}iflwsf] cg'/f]w ug'eof] . cf}iflw k;n]n]
                                                                                                                                                                               {                    1. Levonorgestrel eGg] xdf]{g eCON
/ ;fwgx? 5g\ . Tof] cj:yfdf To;sf]                   ljrf/ ug' { k g] { cfjZostf 5 . To;          cufl8 5 . Toxf" PskN6 sfod ePsf]                    s]xL cf}iflw lbg'eof] . pxfF;u hfgsf/L
                                                                                                                                                                                     F              /postinor cflb gfddf ahf/df b]lvG5 .
;sf/fTds e"ldsf lagf zflGt k|lqmof                   k|sf/sf ;Defljt sf/0fx? b'O{j6f x'g          u0ftGq ;dfKt ePkl5 Oltxf;df k'gM                    lnFbf ;fpbLaf6 kms]sf >Ldfg;Fu pxfFsf]
                                                                                                                                                                             {                      s;/L k| o f] u ug] { <
;kmn x'g jf ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f x'g ;Sb}g             ;Sb5g\ M k| y d, ;} 4 flGts ?kn] g}          Toxf" slxNo} u0ftGq sfod x'g ;s]g .                 c;'/lIft of}g ;Dks{ eof] @ lbg cufl8 .          c;'/lIft of}g ;Dks{ ePkl5 hlt ;Sbf]
. pQm sfo{x? k"/f geO{sg u0ftGqnfO{                  pgLx?n] cfhsf /fli6«o dxTjsf ljifox?,        clxn] zflGt k|lqmof ;kmn x'g ;s]g                   oxfF ue{ /xg uof] xf]nf eg]/ lrlGtt           rf8f] -!@) 306f cufl8 g}_ ! rSsL vfg]
;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{ k"/f x'g ;Sb}g . tTsfn             zflGt, ;+ljwfg / u0ftGqsf k|Zgx?sf]          eg] b]zdf k'gM uDeL/ k|sf/sf] czflGt                b]lvg'xG5 lsgls pxfFsf] t];f]| ;Gtfg %
                                                                                                                                                                 '                                  / To;sf] 7Ls !@ 306f kl5 bf];f| ] rSsL
tL sfo{x? k"/f x'g g;s] efjL lbgx?df                 dxTjnfO{ 7Lsl;t ga' e m\ g ' . låtLo,        / c/fhstfsf] l:ylt tof/ x'g] ;Defjgf                jif{ k'lu;s]sf] /x]5 . cyf{t pxfFnfO{ aRrf                  {
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vfg] cyjf b'Oj6} rSsL Ps} rf]6L vfg] -
b] z df uDeL/ k| s f/sf] cGof} n /                   Psflt/, zflGt, ;+ljwfg / u0ftGq tyf,         /xg] 5 . clxn] ;+ljwfg;ef ;+ljwfgsf]                kfpg dg /x]g5 . l;ld|sf clwsf/L -             o;sf] (( k|ltzt ;kmntf b]lvG5_
clgZrotfsf] cj:yf pTkGg x'g]5 . s'/f                 csf{lt/, rf/ a'"b] ;xdlt / lakf ;Demf}tf     lgdf{ 0 f ug{ c;kmn eof] eg] k' g M                 gfd kl/jt{g_ jif{ !&, sn]hsf] 8«;df    ]      2. Combined oval contraceptive
Tolt dfq xf]Og . olb pgLx?n] cfkm\gf]                af/] ;Gt'lnt b[li6sf]0f ckgfpg g;Sg' .       ;+ l jwfg;efsf] r' g fj jf To;åf/f                  g} cf}iflw k;n lt/ cfpg' eof] . ;8sdf         pills (COCP)
;+u7gleqsf] dte]b jf cGo s'g} sf/0fn]                clxn]sf /fli6«o dxTjsf ljifox? k""hLjfbL     ;+ l jwfgsf] lgdf{ 0 f cToGt sl7g /                 /f]lsPsf] afOsdf Ps hgf o'jf pxfFnfO{         ;'gf}nf] u'nfkm,lgnf]sg x\jfO6
zflGt, ;+ljwfg / u0ftGqnfO{ ;+:yfut                  k|sf/sf ePsfn] ;}4flGts / /0fgLlts           clglZrt sfo{ x'g]5 . To;}n] rf/ a'"b]               s'/L /xg' ePsf] lyof] . pxfF klg l;ld|sfs}    s;/L k| o f] u ug] { <
ug]{ sfo{df gsf/fTds b[li6sf]0f ckgfP                ?kn] ltgLx?sf] uf}0f dxTj ePsf] s'/f         ;xdlt jf lakf ;Demf}tf, tL hlt;'s}                  h:tf] 8«;df b]lvg' x'GYof] . pxfFn] cfP/
                                                                                                                                                                   ]                                $ rSsL Ps} rf]6L vfg] / To;sf] l7s
jf To; k|sf/sf] e"ldsf v]n] eg] To;n]                k|i6 5 . t}klg tfTsflns ?kdf tL              uDeL/ k| s f/sf ePklg, ltgLx?eGbf                   Osf]g dfUg' eof] . oxfF;u a'em\bf cfkm\gf]
                                                                                                                                                                                   F                !@ 306f k5fl8 $ rSsL vfg] . -o;sf]
b]znfO{ emg\ uDeL/ k|sf/sf] ;+s6sf]                  sfo{ x ?nfO{ ;kmn kf/] / g} xfdLn]           zflGt, ;+ljwfg / u0ftGqsf k|Zgx? w]/}               JjfOkm|G8;Fu pxfFsf] c;'/lIft of}h;Dks{
                                                                                                                                                               ]                                    (* k|ltzt ;kmntf b]lvG5_
cj:yfdf k'¥ofpg] 5 . Tof] cj:yfdf b]zdf              cfGbf]ngnfO{ pRr qmflGtsf/L lbzfdf           dxTjk"0f{ s'/fx? x'g\ / cfk;sf cGo                  ePsf] cfh # lbg k'u5 .     ]                  gf]6M olb @ 306f leqdf Vomiting
sfod ePsf] u0ftGq ;dfKt x'g] jf b]z                  cufl8 a9fpg ;Sb5f} + . t/ pRr                ;a} dte]bx?sf afah'b tL sfo{x? k"/f                       oL b'O{ k|ltlglw kfqx? hf] cfsl:ds      ePdf ;a} cf}iflwx? k'g ;]jg ug'{kb{5 .
c;kmn /fi6« 3f]lift eP/ ljb]zL x:tIf]k               qmflGtsf/L /0fgLltdf hf]8 lbg] gfddf         ug{sf nflu Jofks P]Soj4tf sfod ug{                  ue{lg/f]wsf ;fwgx?sf] k|of]usf nflu           cf}iflw ;'? ug'{ ! 306f cufj} Vomiting
a9]/ hfg] ;DefjgfnfO{ klg c:jLsf/                    tfTsflns ?kdf k| f Kt ePsf                   dfcf]jfbLx?sf ;a} kIfx?l;t cg'/f]w                  cf}iflw k;ndf cfpg'eof] . o:tf c?             /f]Sg] cf}iflwsf] ;]jg ug'{ h?/L 5 .
ug{ ;lsGg . To;sf/0f xfdLn] ;j{k|yd                  pknlAwx?nfO{ ;'b[9 kfg]{ sfd ul/Pg           ub{5f}+ .                                           w]/} dlxnf, k'?ifx? lxhf]cfh a9\bf] ?kdf      3. IUCD(Intra-Uterine Contra
/ d'Vo ?kn] dfcf]jfbLx?nfO{ g} Pstfj4                eg] To;n] vfln efjL qmflGtsf/L                            clxn]sf ;+ljwfg;efsf cGo               Od/h]G;L sG6«ofK;gsf nflu k|of]u x'g]         ceptive Device) sf] k| o f] u M
eP/ zflGt, ;+ l jwfg / u0ftGqnfO{                    cfGbf]ngsf] cfwf/nfO{ sdhf]/ kfg]{ dfq       ;a} kIfx?l;t ;+3Lotfh:tf] dxTjk"0f{                 cf}iflwx/ dfUg yfNg' ePsf] 5 .                       csf]{ ljsNk x'g;S5 . h'g ((=$
;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{df ;xof]u k'¥ofpg                   xf]Og, b]znfO{ bzsf}+ k5fl8 ws]Ng] 5 /       k|Zgdf xfd|f] uDeL/ dte]b 5 . xfd|f] of]            s] xf] cfsl:ds ue{ l g/f] w <                 k| l tzt ;kmn b] l vG5 t/ o;sf]
cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ .                                    clxn] k|fKt ePsf pknlAwx? k|fKt ug{          lglZrt dt 5 ls To;sf sf/0fn] b]zdf                                 clxn]sf] cj:yfdf c;'/lIft      Jojxfl/s k| o f] u cln emGeml6nf]
              of] s' / fnfO{ xfdLn] :jfut            k'gM bzsf}+ klxn]sf] laGb'af6 ;+3if{ z'?     hftLo / If]qLo åGå a9\g] tyf /fli6«o                of}g;Dks{ ePkl5 % lbg -!@) 306f_              b] l vG5 . kf7] 3 /sf] ;+ q md0f ePsf]
u/] s f 5f} + ls dfcf] j fbLx?sf] s] G b| L o        ug'{kg]{5 .                                  lj36g x'g] vt/f 5 . t/ To;sf afah'b                 leqdf g} ljleGg cf}iflwsf] k|of]u u/]/        cj:yfdf o;sf] k|of]u ug'{x'Fb}g .
sldl6n] ;j{;Ddltn] tTsfnsf nflu                                  rf/ a' " b ] ;xdlt / lakf        xfdLn] zflGt, ;+ljwfg jf u0ftGqsf]                  ue{ n fO{ lg/Gt/tf glbg] pkfonfO{             k|of]u cg'udg (Follow up)
hgljb|f]xsf] sfo{lbzfnfO{ :ylut u/]/                 ;Demf}tf lglZrt ?kn] /fli6«o lxtsf lj?4      kIfdf hf]8 lbO/x]sf 5f}+ . xfd|F] of] dt 5          cfsl:ds ue{lg/f]w elgG5 .                     obL dlxgfaf/L # xKtfdf gePdf :jf:Yo
zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf kIfdf sfd ug]{ lg0f{o              5g\ / ltgLx?nfO{ vf/]h u/fpg ;+3if{df        ls clxn] ;+ljwfgaf6 u0ftGqnfO{ vf/]h                ue{ s;/L /xG5 <                               ;+:yfdf b]vfpg' h?/L b]lvG5 .
u/]sf] 5 . t/ pgLx?leq b]vfk/]sf] dte]b              hf]8 lbg'kg]{ cfjZostf 5 . t/ ltgLx?sf]      ug{ g;s] klg To;sf lj?4 nuftf/                            d' V otof !%b] l v $( jif{              clgoldt ue{ lg/f]wsf ;fwgx? af/]
dfq xf] O g, rsf] { k| s f/sf] ljjfb jf              d"Nodf klg zflGt, ;+ljwfg / u0ftGqnfO{       ;+3if{ ub}{ uP/ To;nfO{ vf/]h u/fpg                 ;Gtfgf]Tkfbg sfo{sf nflu dlxnfx?              yk 5nkmn / k/fdz{ cfjZos ePdf .
cGt/;+3if{sf] cj:yfsf sf/0fn] :jo+                   sdhf]/ kfg'{ ;xL ;f]+rfO{ x'g] 5}g . rf/     ;Sg] 5f}+ . To;}n] ;+3Lotfsf] d"Nodf klg            ;fdYo{ x'G5g\ . hxfF dlxgfjf/L -/h:jnf_       dlxgfaf/L x'Fbf cl3Nnf] k6ssf] eGbf
pgLx?n] lg0f{o u/]sf] zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf]             a'"b] ;xdlt clxn] cs:dft b]vfk/]sf] gof"     xfdLn] ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f jf u0ftGqnfO{             x'G5 . clwsf+z dlxnfdf @* lbgd}               lgDg tl/sfn] leGg ePdf .
sfo{lbzfdf afwf k'Ug] tf xf]Og < Tof]                s'/f xf]Og . dw]zjfbLx?sf] bjfjdf b]zsf      ;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{df afwf k'¥ofpg rfxb}gf}+          /h:jnf x'gub{5 . /h:jnf ePsf] klxnf]
                                                                                                                                                                     ]                                     – /ut sd au]df ue{ /xg] x'g;Sg]
uDeL/ cfz+sf pTkGg ePsf] 5 . pgLx?sf                 /fli6«o lxtx?df cf3ft k'Ug] ;Demf}tfx?       . xfd| F ] of] klg lglZrt dt 5 ls                   lbgaf6 uGtL ubf{ d'Votof !)cf}+ b]lv          xF'bf hrfpg'kb{5 .
aLrdf ;frf] k|s/0f, dw]zjfbLx?l;tsf]                 x'"b} cfPsf 5g\ . clxn]sf] rf/ a'"b] ;xdlt   /fli6«otfsf cufl8 clxn] b]zdf cToGt                 @)cf} + lbgleq l8Dafzoaf6 l8Da                       – ue{ lg/f]wsf ;fwgsf] cfsl:ds k|of]u
rf/ a'"b] ;xdlt / lakf ;Demf}tf af/]                 d"n ?kdf ltgLx?sf] g} lg/Gt/tf xf] .         uDeL/ vt/f 5 . ljb]zL zlQmx?sf]                     lg:sG5, h'g fallopium tube x'b} uef{zo
                                                                                                                                                                                         F          ubf{ slxn]sfFxL ckjfb:j?k follopian
uDeL/ dte]bx? b]vfk/]sf 5g\ . lakf                   To;} u/]/ lakf ;Demf}tf klg cGttM            x:tIf] k , dw] z jfbL zlQmx?sf                      cfOk' U 5 . ue{ g/x] d f pQm l8Da             tube df ue{ /xL tNnf] k]6 cToflws
;Demf}tfsf] ;Gbe{df tf To;leqsf] Pp6f                gLlhs/0f, pbf/jfb, v'nf cy{tGq, lduf         If]qLotfjfbL, k[ystfjfbL jf ;fDk|bfoLs              uef{zoaf6 aflx/ uO{ gi6 x'G5 . l8Da                ]
                                                                                                                                                                                                    b'vdf t'?Gt lrlsT;nfO{ b]vfpg} k5{ .
;d"xn] k|wfgdGqL afa'/fd e§/fO{nfO{                  ;Demf}tf, ;+;f/e/df x'g] u/]sf lakf          k|sf/sf ultljlw, b]zsf k|d'v /fhgLlts               lg:s]sf] ldltn] $* 306f;Dd ;lqmo              cfsl:ds ue{ l g/f] w s f ;fwf/0f
lbNnLaf6 kms{bf sfnf] em08f b]vfpg] /                ;Demf}tfx? jf g]kfnn] klxn] g} cGo           zlQmx?sf /fli6«otf ;DaGwL 9'nd"n /                  x'G5g\ . obL of] ;dodf z'qmls6 ;Fu            c;/x?
/flhgfsf] dfu ug]{ ;d]t u/]sf] 5 .                   b]zx?l;t u/]sf lakf ;Demf}tfx?sf] g}         ljb] z L zlQmx?l;tsf ;Demf} t fk/:t                 e]6 ePdf ue{ /xg] k|lqmof ;'? x'G5 .          – jfsjfsL nfUg] – afGtf x'g] – 6fpsf] b'Vg]
pgLx?leqsf] To; k|sf/sf] lj/f]w s'g?kdf              lg/Gt/tf xf] . To;}n] Tof] ;Demf}tf s'g}     gLltx?sf sf/0fn] klg b]zsf] /fli6«otfsf             pQm ue{ Tof] lbgdf kf7]3/df cfOk'U5           – clgoldt of]gL /Qm;|fj – :tg b'Vg]
6'+luG5 eGg] eGbf klg To;n] zflGt,                   gof" s'/f xf]Og . t}klg klxn] ePsf ;a}       cufl8 uDeL/ k|sf/sf] vt/f 5 . To;                   / @–#lbgkl5 kf7]3/ leq 6fFl;g] -                     ue{jlt ePdf ue{sf] aRrfnfO{ kg]{
;+ljwfg / u0ftGqsf k|Zgx?df s'g                      ;Demf}tfx?sf ;fy} rf/ a'"b] ;xdlt /          k| s f/sf] cj:yfdf b] z sf] /fli6« o tf,            Implantation_ k|lqmof ;'? x'G5 .              c;/sf] af/]df ljleGg wf/0ffx? 5g\ .
k|sf/sf] c;/ kfb{5 eGg] k|Zg g} clxn]                lakf ;Demf}tfsf lj?4sf] ;+3if{df klg         ;fj{ef}ldstf / cv08tfsf] /Iffsf] ;+3if{df                                                         lrlsT;ssf] ;Nnfx cg';f/ of] rSsL
a9L dxTjk"0f{ x'g uPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL                hf]8 lbg'kb{5 . jf:tljstf of] xf] ls         nuftf/ hf]8 lbg'kg]{ cfjZostf 5 . t/                                                              ;]jg gug'{ pko'Qm b]lvG5 .
jf cGo s'g} ;+u7gleq cfGtl/s?kdf                     dfcf]jfbLx? leqsf] h'g kIfn] clxn] rf/       Tof] ;+3if{df hf]8 lb+bf lb+b} klg Tof] sf/0fn]                                                   gf]6M oL ;fwgx?sf] k|of]un] PrcfOeL÷P8\;
s}of}+ dte]bx? x'g ;Sb5g\ . ;fdfGotM                 a'"b] ;xdlt jf lakf ;Demf}tfsf gfddf         zflGt, ;+ljwfg / u0ftGqsf] kIfnfO{                                                                                               }
                                                                                                                                                                                                    ty cGo of}g/f]uaf6 arfpFbgg\, To;sf/0f
Tof] cGo /fhgLlts zlQmx?l;t                          zflGt, ;Demf}tf jf u0ftGq ;d]tdf c;/         sdhf]/ kfg]{ s'g} klg sfd uDeL/ k|sf/sf]                                                          s08dsf] k|of]u h?/L b]lvG5 .
;DalGwt k|Zg xf]Og . t/ pgLx?sf                      kg]{ u/]/ cfkm\g} ;+u7gsf] g]t[Tj jf         uNtL x'g]5 . tL sfo{x?nfO{ k"/f u/]/ g}                                                           obL !@) 306f ePdf s] ug] { <
aLrsf] ljjfbaf6 b]zdf uDeL/ k|sf/sf                  ;/sf/sf lj?4 s8f ?kdf b]vfk/]sf] 5,          xfdLn] /fli6«otfsf] /Iff ug{ ;Sg] 5f}+ .                                                          Emergency contraception sf] k|of]u
Ifltx? k'Ub5g\ eg] Tof] ;a} /fhgLlts                 pgLx?n] g} klxn] ePsf dfly pNn]lvt                        b] z sf zflGt, ;+ l jwfg /                                                           gug]{ . # xKtf;Dd klg dlxgfjf/L
zlQmx?sf] ;/f]sf/sf] ljifo xf] . pgLx?sf             ljleGg ;Demf} t fx?sf lj?4 cfjfh             u0ftGq kIfw/ cGo /fhgLlts zlQmx?n]                  cfsl:ds ?kdf ue{ lg/f]w ug'{kg]{              gePdf :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf uO{ Pregnency
aLrsf] ljjfbsf sf/0fn] b]zdf uDeL/                   p7fPsf lyPgg\ . h] xf];\, xfd|f] hf]8 of]    klg pk/f]Qm ljifox?df Wofg lbg'kg]{                 cj:yfx?                                       test u/fO, c? ljlwsf] pkof]u bIf
k| s f/sf] /fhgLlts Iflt k' U g]                     s'/fdf 5 ls rf/ a'"b] ;xdlt jf lakf          cfjZostf 5 . t/ clxn]sf] l:yltdf                    ue{ lg/f]wdf s'g} klg ;fwg k|of]u gu/L        hgzlQmaf6 cfjZos b]lvG5 .
;Defjgfdfly ljrf/ u/] / g} xfdLn]                    ;Demf}tfsf lj?4sf] ;+3if{df hf]8 lbg'sf      dfcf]jfbLx?sf] e"ldsfsf] lg0f{ofTds c;/             of}g;Dks{ ePdf,                               cfsl:ds pkfoM slt ;' / lIft
To;af/] uDeL/ k|sf/sf] lrGtf k|s6 u/]sf              ;fy} clxn] ;j{k|yd / d'Vo?kn] zflGt,         kg] { ePsf] x' g fn] zflGt, ;+ l jwfg /             ue{ lg/f]wsf ;fwg k|of]u ePklg s08d           s]xL gsf/fTds c;/ 5g, t;y{ k/fdz{
5f}+ . xfd|f] hf]8 of] s'/fdf 5 ls pgLx?sf           ;+ljwfg / u0ftGqsf] sfo{lbzfnfO{ ;kmn        u0ftGqnfO{ ;kmn kfg{sf nflu xfdLn]                       ]                           ]
                                                                                                                                                      km'6df, lrlKnPdf, 8fokm|fd lgs\ndf of         / ;xL k|of]u cfjZos x'G5 .
aLrsf] ljjfbn] h'g;'s}?k lnPklg zflGt,               kfg{ g} d'Vo hf]8 lbg'kb{5 . rf/ a'"b]       pgLx?l;t g} ljz]if ckLn ub{5f}+ .                   c? s'g} tl/sfn] jLo{ of]gLdf kf]lvPdf,        k' g ZrM kl/jf/ lgof] h gsf] lgoldt
;+ljwfg / u0ftGqsf] kIfdf pgLx?sf                                                                                                                     of} g b' J o{ j xf/ h:t} anfTsf/ jf           ;fwgsf] ?kdf Emergency
aLrdf Jofks Pstf sfod x'g'kb{5 . Tof]                clxn] ====                                   g] k fn e/Lsf ;a} sDo' l gi6x?nfO{                  hj/h:tL s/0fLaf6 kLl8t dlxnfx?,               contraception nfO{ k|of]u ug'{ o;sf]
g} ;Dk"0f{ b]z, hgtf / bL3{sflng ?kdf                ;/sf/n] cfkm\g} s'g}klg c+udf /fVg'k5{       Ps} 7fpF d f Nofpg ;Sg] ;Defjgf                     kl/jf/ lgof]hgsf] k|fs[lts tl/sfsf]           p2]Zo xf]Og .
:jo+ pgLx?sf] klg lxtdf x'g]5 .                      . h:tf] sf]xL k|x/Ldf ldnfpg], sf]xL         slQsf] b] V g' x ' G 5 <                            k|of]u ul//x]sf]df ;'/lIft cjlw -Safe         ;f/f+ z
              of] k|Zg klg gp7fOsg /xg               ;]gfdf ldnfpg], s;}nfO{ ;/sf/L uf8{                        ;a}sf] larf/ Pp6} eof] eg]            period_ sf] u0fgf unt eO{ ue{ /xg]                   cfsl:ds ue{lg/f]wnfO{ ;xL pkof]u
;lsGg M sxL+ pgLx?n] zflGt, ;+ljwfg                                                                                                                   ;Defjgf b]lvPdf,lkN; vfO/x]sf]df @            ug{ h?/L 5 . s]xL ;do otf o;nfO{
/ u0ftGqsf k|Zgx?eGbf cfkm\gf aLrsf                               {
                                                     agfpg] ug'k5{ . klxnfsf] h:tf] lxgflagf      Ps7fpF d f cfpg ;lsG5 . c? ;a} n ]
                                                                                                                                                      lbg;Dd vfg e"n]df,                            lgoldt kl/jf/ lgof]hgsf] ;fwgsf]
dte]bx?nfO{ g} a9L k|fyldstf lbg] tf                 ug{ kfOGg o:df d]/f] ;dy{g 5 .               :jfy{ s ] l Gb| t cfGbf] n g TofUg' k 5{ .          cfsl:ds ue{ lg/f]wsf ;fwgx?sf]                ?kdf k|of]u ul/g' unt kl/kf6L xf] .
u/]sf 5}gg\ < To; ;Gbe{df of] k|Zg klg               eg] k l5 tkfOsf] s' / f cg' ; f/             hgtf kIfsf] lxt x' g kg] { ;f] + r x' g ' k of] {   k| o f] u ljlw                                of} g /f] u af6 o;n] arfpF b } g . bIf
gp7fOsg /xg ;lsGg M pgLx?n] jfx\o                    ;a} h gfn] :jfy{ s ] l Gb| t /fhgLlt u/]     tfls AolQmut :jfy{ s f nflu xf] O g .               oxfF cfsl:ds eGg] zAb k|of]uaf6} s]           :jf:YosdL{sf] k/fdz{ lnP/, pko'Qm
/ pk/L?kdf ;frf] k|s/0f, rf/ a'b] ;xdlt
                                    "                . hgtfsf] nflu cfjfh p7fpg]                  ca cF e m o;} u /L s] l xjif{ rNb} uP               a'em\g' kb{5 eg] oL ;fwgx?sf] k|of]u          ;dodf, ;xL tyf ;SsnL cf}iflwsf]
jf lakf ;Demf}tfsf lj?4 ;+3if{nfO{ cufl8             sf] x L /x] g eGg vf] H g' ePsf] xf] <       of] b] z df cfGbf] n g cjZos 5 .                    cfsl:ds eGbf a9L k|of]u u/]df                 k|of]u u/]df hLjg ;'vdo x'g] 5 .
a9fpg] k| Z g u/] k lg jf:tjdf sxL+                               ca ;a}sf] larf/ Pstf x'g] .     cfGbf] n g @ tl/sfn] x' G 5g\ . a} w flgs
pgLx?sf] d'Vo p2]Zo zflGt / ;+ljwfg                  larf/df Pstf eP/, l;4fGt k9]/, lzIff         / cj} w flgs . oxLdWo] d f of] b] z nfO{                         3/3/sf] cfjfh, dg dgsf] cfjfh
jf u0ftGqnfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{df afwf               lbIff k9]/, of] ;+;f/sf] Oltxf; k9]/,        lgsfz lbgsf nflu j} w flgs cfj:os
k'¥ofpg' tf xf]Og < To;f] ePdf Tof]                  ;a}hgf ldn]/ of] b]znfO{ lgsf; lbg           5 ls cj} w flgs o;df xfdL ;a}                       ljsf; ldl8of ;le{; g]kfnåf/f ;~rflnt ;fd'bflos /]l8of] Ko"7fg Pkm=Pd= (@
lglZrt?kn] cToGt uDeL/ k|sf/sf] uNtL                 ;lsG5 . of] b]zsf] k|utL aNn x'G5 .          Psdt x' g ' h?/L 5 .                                d]ufxh{df ;"rgf, 1fgj4{s / dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmdx? ;'Gg ge"nf}+ .
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ko"=lh=sf=b=g+= )#÷)%(÷^)
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                          @)^* ;fn sflQs !^ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                       Ko"=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )!÷)^^÷^&                       *
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of] e] 6 3f6sf] cj;/
kf“r ====
eGg'eof],…lul/hfafa'n] ;'? u/]sf] zflGt
                                                          /fxt Kofs]hsf   ljifodf b'O{
                                              lbgleq ljz]if ;ldlt a}7sn] ljlwjt        sf7sf] d'Nodf j[l4 df]xgljqmd ====                                                                                k|lti7fgsf cWoIf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn]
                                                                                                                                                            ;b:o g/axfb'/ sdf{rfo{ / sDo'lg:6 u/fpg' e Psf] xf] . e] 6 df g] t fx?n]
k|lqmofn] ;fy{stf kfpg nfu]sf] 5, ca          lg0f{o ug]{ pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .                           lgd' ; + u d 3tL{ ÷ Ko" ; ;                           g]tf dWo] ;j}eGbf h]7f *( jif{sf uf}/LeQm plta]nf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ u7gsf] ;Gbe{sf]
d' n ' s df cdgrog sfod x' G 5 .Ú                                        {
                                                          ;dfof]hg / k'g:yfkgfdf hfg]                             bfª÷
                                                                                                                  bfª÷bfªdf 3/ lgdf{ 0 fsf                  k|wfg nufPt ;xefuL lyP .                     ;Demgf u/]sf lyP .
sf]O/fnfn] ;xdlt sfof{Gjogsf] ljsNk           n8fs'af/] bnx?aLr ePsf] ;xdltnfO{                       nflu cfaZos sf7x?sf] d'No kl5Nnf]
gePsf] pNn]v ub}{ o;df z+sf gug{
cfu|x ug'{eof] .
                                              ljz]if ;ldlt a}7saf6 k|lqmofut ljifodf
                                              ;ft lbgleq lg0f{o u/L ;d'x ljefhgsf]
                                                                                                      ;dodf XjfQ} a9]sf] 5 . ut b'O{ aif{sf]
                                                                                                      t'ngdf o; aif{ sf7sf] d'No lgSs}
                                                                                                                                                               lj=P8=÷lj=lj=P;=df gof“ egf{ v'Nof] Û
             csf{ x:tfIf/stf{ Pdfn] cWoIf     sfd d+l;/ & ut]leq ;DkGg ul/;Sg]
vgfnn] P]ltxfl;s ;xdltn] 4G4 / lx+;f          pNn]v 5 . o;cl3 ePsf] lj:t[t zflGt
                                                                                                      cGt/sf] km/sn] d'No a[l4 ePsf] 5 .                                        '
                                                                                                                                                                      o; uf}dvL SofDk; cf]v/sf]6 dlR5 Ko"7fgdf
                                                                                                      cfh ef]nL lr/fg ;fnsf] sf7sf] k|lt
cGTo u/]sf] atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],     ;Demf}tf nufotsf ;xdltcg';f/ u7g                        So'lkm6 rf/ xhf/ ?k}of /x]sf] 5 .                                                             ]
                                                                                                                                                             # jif]{ lj=P8÷lj=lj=P;=df gof“ egf{ v'nsf] Joxf]/f ;xif{
…o;n] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu ;sf/fTds         x'g afFsL ;To lg?k0f tyf d]nldnfk
jftfj/0f agfPsf] 5 .Ú pFxfn] sfof{Gjog        cfof]u tyf a]kQf 5fgaLg cfof]u;DaGwL
                                                                                                                  utaif{ @)^^ ;fndf ;f]xL sf7
                                                                                                      !@ ;o / @)^& ;fndf @@ ;o ?k}of
                                                                                                                                                             hfgsf/L u/fpb5f} .
ug]{ r'gf}tL x'bfx'b} bnx?aLr ;xdltsf
                F F                           ljB]os Ps dlxgfleq kfl/t ug{ klg                        lyof] . To:t} ;fhsf] !* ;o ?k}of k|lt                      ;fy} lj=P8=bf]>f] jif{df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?n] cfp“bf]
cfwf/df sfd x'g] k|ltj4tf hgfpg'eof] .        ;xdlt ePsf] 5 .                                         So'lkm6 d'No /x]sf] 5 eg] @)^^ ;fndf
             ;xdltk|lt dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf                  lj:t[ t zflGt ;Demf} t f /                                                                          sflt{s @) ut]leq kl/Iff kmf/d eg{ x'g\ ;Sg cg'/f]w 5 .
                                                                                                      ;f9] kfFr ;o / @)^& ;fndf Ps xhf/
df]xg j}B / dxf;lrj /fd axfb'/ yfkfn]         cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] dd{ / efjgf cg';f/                    ?k}of k|lt So'lkm6 /x]sf] lyof] . hfd'gsf]                                                    SofDk; k| d ' v
eg] c;xdlt hgfpg'eof] . pFxfx?n]              4G4sfnsf d'4f x]l/g] klg pNn]v 5 .                      xfn k|lt So'lkm6 @@ ;o ?k}of /x]sf] 5                                   uf} d ' v L SofDk; cf] v /sf] 6 dlR5 Ko" 7 fg
;xdltn] /fi6« / hgtfsf] lxt ug{ g;Sg]         ;z:q 4G4sfndf dfl/Psf JolQmsf                           eg] @)^^ ;fndf & ;o / @)^& ;fndf
                                              kl/jf/, ckf+u / c+ue+u ePsf JolQm,                                                                                                    ;Dks{ M )*^–^())$)÷(*$&*#*^(!
ePsfn] c;xdlt hgfPsf] atfpg'eof]                                                                      !$ ;o ?k}of k|lt So'lkm6 d'No /x]sf]
. yfkfn] eGg' e of] , …;xdltn] /fi6« /        a] k Qf kljf/, lj:yflkt JolQm /                         lyof] . To:t} l;;f}sf] sf7 clxn] k|lt So'lkm6
hgtfsf] lxt ug{ ;Sb}g\ ef]ln lnlvt            kl/jf/fnfO{ Gofof] l rt lsl;dn]                         #% ;o ?k}of ;Dd lalqme}/x]sf] 5 eg]
                                                                                                                                                             tkfO{nfO{ sfof{no tyf 3/sf]7f ;hfj6 ;fdu|L rflxof] <
c;xdlt ;fj{hlgs u5f}{ .Ú                      lagfe]befj /fxt ;xof]u lbOg] ePsf]                      @)^^ ;fndf ( ;o / @)^& ;fndf !%
             ;xdltdf ;dfof]hgdf ;fd]n         5 . zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf]                  ;o ?k}of k|lt So'lkm6df lalqm ePsf] sfi7
                                                                                                                                                             ljhof bzdL tyf z'e lbkfjnL @)^* sf] xflb{s d+undo
x'g] n8fs'n] ;'/Iff lgsfosf] dfkb08 JolQmut   sfdnfO{ ;fy{ s lgisif{ d f k' ¥ ofpg                    pBf]u Joj;foL ;+3sf sf]iffWoIf bfg axfb'/              z'esfdgf ;lxt ef/L 5'6sf ;fy ljlqm e}/x]sf] 5 Û
cfwf/df k'/f ug'kg]{ pNn]v 5 . o;/L tof/
                   {                          pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;+oGq u7g ul/g]                       clwsf/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] 5 . sdf{                            sf7 kmlg{r/, :l6n kmlg{r/, sfF6L sAhf, wf/fsf] lkml6ª ;fdu|L,
ul/Psf] dfkb08df pd]/, lzIff / j}jflxs        klg ;xdltdf pNn]v 5 .                                   hftsf] sf7sf] k|lt So'lkm6 d'No clxn] !&               ljleGg lsl;dsf /ª /f]ug, KnfO{p8, sfk]{6x?, Knfli6ssf efF8fx? d'leË
l:yltdf nrstf ckgfpg] pNn]v 5 .                           ;+ l jwfg;efaf6 ;xdltsf                     ;o /x]sf] 5 eg] @)^^ ;fndf ;f9] kfFr                   lro/, sDKo"6/ 6]an tyf cGo sfof{no ;fdu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
             k|d'v bnaLr zflGt k|lqmof        cfwf/df cljnDa lj1 6f] n L agfO{                        ;o / @)^& ;fndf ( ;o /x]sf] lyof] .                             em\ofn 9f]sfsf kNnf, rf}s;, ljleGg kmlg{r/ ;fdu|L c8{/ cg';f/
;'? ePsf] kfFr jif{kl5 o;nfO{ 6'+uf]          /fHosf] k'g{;+/rgfaf/] ;'emfj lnOg]                                 s]xL ;do cufl8 nfdf] ;do
nufpg] u/L bnx?aLr ;xdlt ePsf]                klg pNn]v 5 . Ps dlxgfleq gofF                                                                                 plrt d"Nodf pknAw u/fO{G5 . f
                                                                                                      ;Dd ;/sf/n] sf7 s6fgL / lgsf;Ldf                                 k|fkfO{6/
                                                                                                                                                                          ]                               f/d '               Aoj:yfks
xf] . d+unaf/ tLg bnsf] zLif{ g]tfx?sf]       ;+ljwfgsf] d:of}bf lgdf{0fsf] sfd cf/De                 /f]s nufpg' / ;/sf/n] sf7sf] d'No                                                                ltx 56
                                              ul/g] klg pNn]v 5 . zflGt / ;+ljwfg                                                                                  emlaGb| zdf{                      ;} jzi] f               ch' { g zdf{
a}7s a:g'cl3 xf]6n ¥ofl8;gdf ePsf]                                                                    lgwf{/0f u/]kl5 d'Nodf klg a[l4ePsf]                                                          b l
dfcf]jfbL, sf+u|]; / Pdfn] cWoIfx?sf]         lgdf{0f k|lqmof pko'Qm lsl;dn] cufl8                                                                              ;Dks{ M (*$&*@)#(!                                ;Dks{ M )*^–$@)@#)÷(*$&(&)&^&
                                                                                                      pxfn] atfpg'eof] . ;/sf/n] sf7 lgsf;L
a}7sn] ;xdlt 6'+uf] nufPsf] xf] . tLg         a9\g] qmd;Fu} /fli6«o ;xdlt ;/sf/                       ubf{ ;fd'bflo jg ;d'xn] sf7df k|lt                                               /fh c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{
bnaLr ;xdlt ePnuQ} dfcf] j fbL                lgdf{0f k|lqmof cl3 a9\g] pNn]v 5 .                     So'lkm6 # ;o b]vL * ;o ?k}ofF lgwf{/0f                   vn+uf–%, Ko"7fg lhNnf jg sfof{no tn kf;f df]6/ kf6{;sf] 5]pdf
cWoIf bfxfnn] dw];L df]rf{sf g]tfx?;Fu                    4G4sf qmddf dfcf] j fbLn]                   u/]sf] lyof] . o;sf ;fy} 7]s]bf/x?n]
klg 5nkmn ug'{ePsf] lyof] .                   sAhf u/] s f gLlh tyf ;jf{ h lgs
             n8fs' s f] bhf{ ldnfgaf/]        3/hUuf d+l;/ ;ft ut] leq lkmtf{ ug]{
                                                                                                      6]08/sf] ;dodf k|lt;kwf{ ubf{ k|lt
                                                                                                      So'lkm6 !% ;o ?k}of ;Dd jgaf6
                                                                                                                                                              d}n] vf]hsf] k;n oxf“ kf] /x]5 Û
                                                                                                                                                                       ]
;xdltkqdf :ki6 gn] l vP klg                   ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . sAhf ;DklQ lkmtf{                       p7fPsf] pxfsf] egfO{ 5 .                              cfw'lgs l8hfOgsf u/uxgfx?, c8{/ cg';f/ tof/ ul/Psf uxgfx?,
bnx?aLr ;]gfsf] d]h/;Dd ;dfof]hg              eP gePsf] cg'udg u/L sfof{Gjog                                      o;}lar sfi7 Joj;foLaf6 jf                 k'/fgf uxgfjf6 gofF uxgfx? ;f6km]/, rf8kj{sf] cj;/df ljz]if
x'g] ;xdlt ag]sf] ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 .           u/fpg] lhDd]jf/L :yfgLo k|zf;gsf]                       clwsf/Ls ?kdf @% k|ltzt hgtfx?n]
                                              x'g] / /fhgLlts bnn] ;xof]u ug'{kg]{                                                                          5'6sf ;fy ljlqm ljt/0f ug]{ ug]{ k;n oxfF kf] /x]5 .
;'/Iff lgsfosf] la|lhª sf];{ / tflnd                                                                  dfq sf7 lsg]/ 3/agfpg] u/]sf] / c?
k'/f u/]kl5 n8fs'sf] ;'/Iff lgsfosf]          klg pNn]v 5 .                                           &% k|ltztn] rf]/Lsf] sf7x? k|of]u
tf]lsPsf] txsf] lhDd]jf/L kfpg] / To:tf                   o;} u /L dfcf] j fbLsf] of] ª               ul/x/]sf] sf]iffWoIf clwsf/Lsf] egfO{ 5
                                                                                                                                                                         u| f xssf] ;Gt' l i6, g} xfd| f ] rfxgf                k|f] M x]dGt ;'gf/
sf];{ / tflnd ;DalGwt lgsfon] lbg]            sDo'lgi6 lnusf] cw{ kmf}hL ;+/rgf /                     . aif{ d f bfªdf ! xhf/x? laleGg
pNn]v 5 . of] lg0f{on] ;dfof]hgdf             ultljlwsf] d+l;/ ;ft ut]leq cGTo                        ahf/If]qx?df 3/x? aGg] / To;sf nflu                       Go"           kfNkfnL                     ;' g             rf“ b L             k;n
uPsf n8fs'n] cfwf/e't ;}Go tflnd              ul/g] ePsf] 5 . jfOl;Pnn]                               s/La ;f9] @ nfv k|lt So'lkm6 sf7                                             cf] v /sf] 6 , dR5L ahf/ Ko" 7 fg
lng'kg]{ ePsf] 5 . ;dfof]hg k|lqmof           lgoGq0fdf lnPsf ;a} lghL tyf                            cfaZos kg]{ pxfsf] egfO{ 5 . la:tf/}
;'? ePkl5 lzlj/df /x]sf ;a} xltof/            ;fj{ h lgs ejg / hUuf klg ;ft                                                                                                      ;Dks{ M (^#*^)(^^%÷(*$$()(%%^
                                                                                                      ?vx? sf6b} hfg] t/ /f]Kg] kIf tkm{ Wofg
:jtM ;/sf/ dftxtdf cfpg] 5g\ .                ut]leq} lkmtf{ ug]{ pNn]v 5 .                           ghfbf sf7x?sf] cefa x' g ] klg
             k'g:yfkgfdf hfg] n8fs'nfO{
                 {                                        o;cl3 ePsf] ;xdlt                           ;Defagf a9\b} uPsf] 5 . a[l4qmd                               ufl8 l/h{j, kmlg{r/ / :6]zg/L ;]jf
lzIff, tflnd / Joj;flos cj;/sf nflu           cg';f/ oftfoft sfof{nodf 5'§} gDa/                      /f]sLPsf] ?vnfO{ sf6\g' kg]{ / To; 7fFpdf
^ b]lv ( nfv ?k}ofF;Ddsf] Kofs]h pknAw        /fv]/ clen]v /flvPsf dfcf]jfbLsf                        ?v /f]Kg] cleofg yfn] tTsfn} sf7sf]                             ljjfx, lkslgs, e|d0f nufotsf nflu cTofw'lgs ;'ljwfo'Qm 6f6f
u/fOg]5 . gub lng rfxg]sf nflu rf/            g]tfx?n] k|of]u ub}{ cfPsf uf8L klg                     cefa gx'g] clwsf/Lsf] egfO{ 5 .                        ;f]d' pknAw 5 . xfdLsxf“ c8{/ adf]lhd sf7af6 lgld{t ;f]kmf;]6, kn·,
tx lgwf{/0f u/L dflyNnf] txnfO{ * nfv,        d+ l ;/ ;ft ut] l eq} sfg' g cg' ; f/                               o;} l ar sfi7 pBf] u                       ;f]s];, s';L{, :6'n, afs;, rf}s;, kmn]ssf ;fy} 8]«l;·, 6]a'n, b/fh, l6=le=
To;kl5 & nfv, To;kl5 ^ nfv /                  lgoldt ul/g] pNn]v 5 . sfg'gcg';f/                      Joj;foLn] lhNnfsf laleGg If] q df                      s]z cflb ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 . ;fy} :6]zg/L, kqklqsf, kf7\ok':ts /
;a}eGbf tNnf] txsf nflu % nfv ?k}ofF          lgoldt gePsf uf8L ;/sf/n] hkmt                          nufPsf sl/a @( xhf/ la?jf dWo ^)                       z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu ;Demfg'xf];\ .
pknAw u/fpg] ;xdlt ePsf] 5 .                  ug]{ / lzlj/df /x]sf uf8L ;/sf/ dftxt                   k|ltzt la?jf hfu]sf] pxfsf] egfO{ /x]sf]
                                              NofOg] ePsf] 5 .                                                                                                                           k|f=] ;'o{ lj=s=
                                                                                                      5 . bfªsf ;–ldnx?af6 lhNnfsf ahf/                                   ljzfn kmlg{r/ pBf]u tyf ljzfn k':ts ;bg
                                                                                                      tyf sf7df8f} nufPt cGo lhNnfx?df
      …ko{6g, ;+:s[tL, ;'rgf /                                                                                                                                                          ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
        dgf]/~hgsf nfluÚ                       kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg u/f}+                                  klg hfg] u/]sf 5g\ . clxn] bfªdf @$
                                                                                                      a9L ; ldnx? /x]sf 5g\ ..                                     kmf]g M )*^–$^)!*)÷(*$&*@!!*)÷(*)($)@(%) -rfns s[i0f_
     lhNnfs} klxnf] / ;jf{lws
     nf]slk|o 6]lnlehg Rofgn                   /fhgLlts x:tIf]kaf6
                                                                                                          b}lgs lj/fdL hf“rsf ;fy} cg'ejL 8fS6/x?af6 lbO{g] ;]jfsf] nflu xfldnfO{ ;Demg'xf];
                                               ag]sf] kqsf/ dxf;+3                                     xfd| f ;] j fx? M
   s] l x ;' r gf, vj/, ;Gb] z /                Ko"7fgnfO{ alxisf/                                     – g]r'/f]Kofly, of]uf, PSo'k|];/, Pnf]KofyL Pj+ cfo'j]{bLsåf/f pkrf/
                                                                                                       – lj/fdL hfFr, pkrf/, ;Nnfx lbOg], kt~hln of]u lk7 :jfld /fd b]jsf ljleGg DVD, VCD x?sf] emns b]vfO{ of]u cf;g k|f0ffofdaf6 pkrf/
 lj1fkg k| z f/0fsf nflu ;Dks{                                                                         ;Nnfx lbO{g] .
        M (*$&*@@!@#                                   u/f}+ .                                         – cN;/, Uofli6«s, hl08;, x]kf6fOl6; ;'u/, lkQ, kTy/L, chL0f{, slAhot, cflb .
                                                                                                                                                              +
                                                                                                       – Kof/fnfOl;; -x/ grNg]_, ;a} vfn] rd{/f]u -bfb, csf}t, :j/fl;;_ dlxnf ;DjGwL -k|b k|b/, afFemf]kg, lk;fj kf]Ng], dlxgfjf/L u9jl8_, /Qm ljsf/, dl:tis
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                                                                                                       ljsf/, d[lu, dfOu|g, lkgf;_, dgf]ljsf/ -dfgl;s ;':ttf, xfO{ k|z/, nf] k|z/_, d'q ljsf/ -lj:tf/fdf lk;fj ug{,] wft' /f]u, of}g b'njtf, gk';stf of}g_ ;fy}
   l;Q}df Û                     l;Q}df ÛÛ                l;d l;Q}df ÛÛÛ
                                                                    ÛÛÛ*                               a[4 dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx?sf cg]sf}+ ;d:ofx?sf] e/kbf{] pkrf/, Kofyf]nf]lh ;]jf -/ut, lk;fj, vsf/, ljo{, ue{, /ut;d'x, h08L;, ;'u/, h'sf, of}g/f]u,
                                                                                                       l6lj 6fOkmfO8, dn]l/of, x]kf6fO{l6;, lel/ËL, jfy/f]u, PrcfO{le, o'l/s Pl;8, 5fnf cflb kl/If0f ul/G5 .
   Ncell l;d sf8{ tyf Hello l/rfh{ sf8{ kfO{gsf ;fy} NTC,
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  CDMA tyf LG, CG. ONIDA Mobile sf] xf]n;]n ljqm]tf . ;fy}                                             lj/fdLx?n] ;Dks{4f/f cfkm\gf] gfd btf{ u/fpg / ;]jf lng ;Sg'x'g]5 .
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