Keeping Calm Lesson Plans

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					          BUILDING
POSITIVE SOCIAL BEHAVIORS IN
      YOUNG CHILDREN

         “KEEPING CALM”

          DEALING WITH AGRESSION




      CREATED BY: Telesa Bullock and Tannis Bailey
     bbullock@telus.net and tannis.bailey@sd76.ab.ca
            Medicine Hat School District # 76
                403-526-3528 ext. 4821




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           Social and Emotional Developmental Kits

Introduction: Recognition of early social and emotional problems in young
children is necessary in achieving the best developmental outcomes. If left
untreated, early onset conduct problems (aggression, rebellion, oppositional
behaviours and emotional disturbances) place children at high risk for
frequent social and emotional difficulties.

Early detection and intervention of social and emotional problems can have a
long-term impact on the developing child in major areas. The development of
emotional self control and social ability in the early years plays a significant
role in determining the way children think, learn, react to obstacles, and
develop relationships throughout their lives. (Bright Tots,
http://www.brighttots.com)

Rationale: To provide children and educators with strategies and resources
to teach and promote appropriate social and emotional behaviours.

Social and Emotional Developmental Kit Titles

      Keeping Calm – Dealing with Aggression
      Being a Good Friend - Understanding Relationships
      I Have Feelings - Understanding Emotions
      Hands Are Not For Hitting – Creating Positive Solutions to Anger
      Being a Good Student - Building Teacher / Student Relationships
      Coping with Change – Working through Transitions
      I Like Me – Building Self Esteem
      Making Good Choices – Being Honest




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                Keeping Calm

              KIT CONTENTS

 A Social Story - Being A Good Sport – Dealing
  With Losing
 Magnetic Board – Cookie Sheet
 When I Am Angry Activity
 Magnetic Stories – Little Sports, Totally Girls
 A Social Story - Keeping Calm
 Apple
 Apple Peeler
 Bambi and Thumper picture
 Favourite Activity Suggestions




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                               Keeping Calm


Lesson Suggestions
Please note - these activities may be taught in a number of settings and
revisited at different times of the day. Some activities may work better in a
one on one or small group setting, while other stories and activities can be
used with the whole class participating. Don’t try to get through all of the
ideas in one sitting. Give the children time to practice what is being taught
at center time or on the playground.


Lesson 1
Objective: To identify, understand and implement what it means to be a
good sport.

   1. Read Being a Good Sport – Dealing With Losing. Discuss the words
       used in the story, “It’s O.K. It’s only a game. I can try again another
       time. ”
   2. Using the magnetic story pieces role play how to be a good sport. (The
       following are just suggestions for using the magnetic pieces. The best
       social teaching relates to the situations encountered by the children.
       Please try to adapt the magnetic pieces in order to best fit the
       children’s needs.)
     - Using the Totally Girls magnetic board, the children are running
       around the track. One girl comes in first. She is happy and is placed on
       the top pedestal. Another girl comes in second. She is also happy. The
       third place winner is not happy. He is pouting because he did not win.
       Is he being a good sport? What can he do differently? He decides to
       shake the winner’s hand and say “Good game!” He knows that “It’s O.K.
       It’s only a game. He can try again another time”.
     - Using the Little Sports magnetic board, the soccer balls are playing
       soccer and the one in a green shirt scores a goal. Although the balls in
       the yellow and purple shirts are shocked and disappointed, how do
       they show that they are good sports? They shake each other’s hands
       and say “Good game!” All the soccer balls are happy. Although they
       may not have won the game, everyone is friends. Being a good sport
       means everyone wins.



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   3. Play a game outside or in the classroom to practice being a good sport.
      After the game, be sure to have the children shake each other’s
      hands and say, “Good game!” Remind everyone that it doesn’t matter
      who wins. Review the words, “It’s O.K. It’s only a game. I can try again
      another time”.


Lesson 2
Objective: To understand and identify when you are angry.

   1. Complete the “When I Am Angry” activity. Place the picture of the
       angry man on the cookie sheet and discuss how it feels to be angry.
       Teach that anger is an emotion and it is O.K. to be angry, but it is not
       O.K. to use fists or feet to express anger. Everyone gets angry
       sometimes, but hurting others or property is not O.K. Suggest ways to
       help the children calm down in order to be happy again. Have a child
       choose a puzzle piece and act out the calming strategy on the back.
       For example have the child take 3 deep breaths, count to 10 or do
       their favourite activity (some examples are in the kit). Have the child
       turn the piece over and place it on top of the angry man. Point out
       that as the children use the calming strategies the angry man
       disappears and they feel calm and happy.
   2. Read the social story Keeping Calm. Explain that often we have to use
       two or three strategies in order to feel happy again. Keep this social
       story handy for the children to use when they are feeling anxious or
       upset.
   3. Using the Little Sports magnetic board, the basketballs are playing in
       the gym. The ball in the blue shirt is mean and pushes the ball in the
       red shirt out of the way. Red shirt is upset and ready to cry. What
       can he do to keep calm? Review some of the strategies in the Keeping
       Calm book. Discuss and practice some of the calming suggestions, such
       as taking 3 deep breaths, taking a break to think, or counting to 10.
       Now the ball feels calm and happy.
     - A similar story could be told using the Little Sports football magnetic
       board. The yellow football pushes the orange football out of the way.
       The other team scores a touchdown. What can the orange football do
       to feel calm again?
   4. Catch the children using the calming strategies taught. Praise their
       efforts.


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Lesson 3
Objective: To understand that using unkind words can be hurtful and
sometimes it is better to not say anything at all.

   1. Apple Banging Activity - Show the children an ordinary apple. Tell the
      children that this apple can be compared to a person. Right now the
      outside surface of the apple feels firm and smooth. Have the children
      come up and feel the apple. Then as the teacher says something
      unkind to the apple, have each student take the apple and give it a
      good whack on the floor or table. Some examples of unkind words
      could be, “I don’t want to be your friend. “ “You’re the worst friend
      ever. “ “I hate you. “ “No you can’t play with us. “, or anything else
      you’ve heard in your classroom recently. After the apple has passed
      around the circle show the students the apple again. Explain that now
      the surface of the apple is soft and squishy although it still may look
      normal on the outside it doesn’t feel the same. Have the students
      come and feel the apple. Tell the children that the inside of the apple
      has bruising. Explain to the class that just as this apple doesn’t feel
      the same after unkind words were said to it, people don’t feel the
      same either. Unkind words hurt others sometimes as much as punching
      and kicking does. Wait about 10 minutes to allow the bruising to
      appear, then peel the apple and show the children the brown spots.
      This is a great way to illustrate how even though we can’t see how we
      hurt people, on the inside we all have feelings that can be hurt by
      unkind words. Not only can our hands and feet hurt others our words
      can hurt too. Remind the children to use calming strategies when they
      are angry rather than unkind words.
   2. Display the picture of Bambi and Thumper. Tell the following story.

         Do you remember the story of Bambi, the little deer, and all of his
         friends in the forest? If you do, you will remember that one of
         Bambi’s good friends was a rabbit named Thumper. Thumper was
         about your age. He was a neat rabbit, but he had one problem. He
         kept saying bad things about people. One day Bambi was in the
         forest learning to walk, and he fell down. Thumper just couldn’t
         resist the temptation. “He doesn’t walk very good, does he?”
         Thumper blurted out. His mother felt very bad and said, “What did
         your father tell you this morning?” And then Thumper, looking
         down at his feet and kind of shifting his weight, said, “If you can’t


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      say somethin’ nice, don’t say nothin’ at all.” That’s a good piece of
      advice that all of us need to follow. Now what I need you to do is
      this. If you start to say something bad about someone else, will you
      please stop and say, “If you can’t say somethin’ nice, don’t say
      nothin’ at all.” Now, even though that isn’t correct English,
      everyone will understand exactly what you mean. Our world will
      be a happier place if we all remember to do this more often. (Cree-
      L. Kofford)

3. Praise the children for using kind words towards each other.




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                               Keeping Calm
                          Dealing with Aggression

Student: ____________________             Instructor: ________________________


The child will engage in the following lessons to increase his/her understanding of
being angry and implementing strategies to calm down. Please indicate if the child
requires prompting (i.e. verbal cues or modeling) or if the child can complete the
objective independently on the tally sheet below. The goal is to have the child
achieve 80% accuracy at the independent level.

This record sheet should be placed in the student’s binder for reference for IPP
goals.

Lesson 1
Objective: To identify, understand and implement what it means to be a good
sport.

Date                         With Prompting               Independent Level




Lesson 2
Objective: To understand and identify when you are angry.

Date                         With Prompting               Independent Level




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Lesson 3
Objective: To understand that using unkind words can be hurtful and sometimes it
is better to not say anything at all.

Date                       With Prompting              Independent Level




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