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St. Laurence o'Toole

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					St. Laurence o’Toole
                   Laurence 0’Toole
• Feast Day:         November 14 th
• Place of Birth:    Mullaghcreelan between Castledermot and
                     Kilkea
• Year of Birth:     1128
• Father:            Murtagh O’Toole,chieftain of the
                     southern half of present Co.Kildare,an
                     area then called Hy Murray.
• Mother:            Dervail O’Byrne ,daughter of a local
                     chieftain.
•   Family:          8 children,1 daughter and 7 sons.
                     Laurence was youngest son.
• Famous Relation:   Mor, his sister married Dermot Mac Murrough,
                     King of Leinster.
     Dermot Mac Murrough

   Dermot Mac Murrough was famous because he
invited the Normans such as Strongbow to Ireland in
                      1169.

 Dermot was a large ,violent,cruel,war loving man
 hated by strangers and feared by his own people.
     Laurence’s Young Days
• Maurice O’ Toole was not on friendly
  terms with Donagh O’Connor,chieftain of
  Offaly.
• To ensure both families got on well
  together,baby Laurence was sent to live
  with Donagh O’Connor and his family.
• This was an old Irish custom.
• It was known as Fosterage.
        Laurence as a Hostage
• Laurence was 10 in 1138.
• His father ,as only a local chieftain ,had to obey Dermot
  Mac Murrough,King of Leinster.
• Dermot demanded a hostage from him.
• Maurice gave him his son Laurence as a hostage.
• For a time Laurence lived in Dermot’s castle,until the day
  his father refused to obey an order from Dermot.
• Then Laurence was forced to live in a dilapidated,leaky
  hut on only enough bread ,greens and water to keep him
  alive for 2 years.
               The Resue
• Laurence was 12 in 1140.
• The Bishop of Glendalough helped Dermot and
  Laurence’s father to come to an agreement.
• Dermot agreed to exchange Laurence for 12 of
  his own soldiers who had been captured by
  Laurence’s father Maurice O’Toole.
• The exchange took place in Glendalough
  Monastery in Co. Wicklow.
• St. Kevin founded this monastery centuries
  earlier.
  Laurence Abbot of Glendalough
• Maurice was so delighted to have Laurence back,he
  agreed to send one of his sons there to be educated.
• Laurence agreed to go to school in Glendalough.
• He later became a monk there.
• In 1158 he was elected Abbot of Glendalough by the
  monks.
• This means he was in charge of the monastery.
• During a famine in that part of Wicklow,he fed the hungry
  who were starving.
• In the monastery,he had to run a school,orphanage and
  hospital.
 Laurence Archbishop of Dublin
• In 1162 he was appointed Archbishop of Dublin.
• He oversaw the building of many churches,most
  importantly Christ Church Cathedral,
• He never ate meat and fasted every Friday on
  bread and water.
• Every day he fed 30 people at his table.
• Sometimes he had over 300 orphans to look
  after.
• He was a peacemaker,tried to arrange peace
  between Irish,Vikings and Normans in Dublin.
              The Normans
• Remember Dermot Mc Murrough King of
  Leinster had asked Henry the Second King of
  England and Normandy (part of France) to send
  Normans like Strongbow to Ireland.
• He wanted him to help him fight his great enemy
  Rory O’Connor High King of Ireland.
• He promised Strongbow his daughter Aoife in
  marriage and he would become King of Leinster
  when he died,
           The Normans attack
                 Dublin
• In 1170 Dermot and Normans led by Strongbow
  attack Dublin.
• Despite the presence nearby of the High King of
  Ireland Rory O’Connor with an army of 30000
  men ,Dublin is captured by the Normans.
• Laurence rallied the people in vain to resist the
  Normans.
• He pleaded with the Normans to have pity on the
  people of Dublin.
• Despite his efforts,700 men,women and children
  were slaughter.
     The Irish attempt to recapture
                 Dublin
• Rory O’Connor High King of Ireland joins forces with
  other Irish chieftains and attacks the Normans in Dublin.
• Laurence O’Toole is said to have organised this.
• The Normans in Dublin sent him to negotiate peace with
  Rory.
• Rory with his large army was in no mood to negotiate.
• Alas 600 Normans launched a surprise attack on the
  Irish and drive his pooly armed soldiers into headlong
  flight.
• Strongbow and the Normans keep control of Dublin.
• Rory O’Connor was the last Ard Ri na hEireann High
  King of Ireland.
     The Good of His People
• Laurence saw the Normans could not be
  defeated.
• When Henry the second came to Dublin in
  1171 Laurence accepted him as his
  overlord.
• On Christmas Day 1171 Henry attended
  mass in Christ Church Cathedral.
   Visit to Cantebury in England
• In 1175 he went to Cantebury to meet Henry.
• As he was offering mass in Cantebury,a maniac ,who had heard of
  his piety(holiness) ,wanted to make a martyr of St Laurence.
• He smashed him in the head with a heavy stick.
• Everyone present concluded he was dead.

• But he came to a short while later and he asked for a bowl of water
  which he blessed and he asked that his wounds be washed with it.
• The blood stopped immediately and he got up and said mass.
• When he died 5 years later in France,the fracture was to be seen in
  his neck.
            Visit to Rome
• In 1179 St. Laurence and 6 other Irish
  bishops went to Rome.
• He met Pope Alexander the third.
• He gave the The Pope an account of the
  state of affairs in Ireland.
• The Pope appointed him Papal Legate In
  Ireland.
                   His Final Days
• In 1180 Laurence went to England to see Henry -----.
• Rory O’Conor the last High King of Ireland, asked him to settle a
  dispute between him and Henry ---.
• Henry refused to meet him and took himself off to Normandy in
  France.
• For three weeks Laurence waited in England for Henry to return, but
  in vain.
• Laurance decided to follow him to France.
• In France he contracted faver.
• He kept travelling until he came to the Abbey of ----
• Here after three days, he died on Friday 14th Noverber.
• He was just 52.
• Laurance was buried at -----.
 Celebrations in Castldermot 1980
• In 1980 we celebrated the 800th anniversary of
  the death of Saint Laurance O’Toole.
• To commemorate the occasion a lecsture on
  sdthe life of the saint and the history of the
  parish was given by Father Kennedy, historian.
• A granite boulder has been erected at
  Mullaghcreen and eight trees were planted
  there.
• A group of people from Eu visited Castldermot.
      Reminders of Laurance in
           Castldermot
• A panel in the rose window in the Church
  of the Assumption, Castldermot
• A stained glass window in Kilkea Church
  which also commorates the saint.
• Levitstown Church is dedicated to Saint
  Laurence.
  South Kildare (Hy-Murray) after
        Laurence’s Death.
• Strongbow granted the territory of Hy-
  Murray to Walter de Riddlesford, on of his
  knights,
• Strongbow, perhaps, condidered he had a
  right to this district.
• His wife Aoife was grand-daughter of
  O’Toole, and niece of St. Laurence
  O’Toole,

				
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posted:11/7/2011
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