ALBERTA CRIME STATISTICS crimes are committed by people who know each to the victim;
other, particularly those who know each other ➢ level 2 includes sexual assault with a
Official crime statistics provide a useful
through illegal activities involving gangs or drugs. weapon, threats to use a weapon, or
picture of crime in Alberta, but they often
causing bodily harm;
don’t tell the entire story. For example, not all We also know that violent crime is not only a
level 3 includes sexual assault that
crimes are reported to the police, so there is problem in urban areas, but also in many rural
wounds, maims, disfigures or
likely more crime than the reported numbers areas in Alberta.
endangers the life of the victim.
In 2005, 59 per cent of violent crimes were ➢ Level 3 sexual assaults are often
The crime rate is a key indicator of social and committed in areas outside of Edmonton and referred to as aggravated sexual
economic well-being within a society and Calgary, with rates being the highest in areas assaults.
indicates how many crimes have been reported surrounding Hobbema and Fort McMurray.
Other sexual offenses include such crimes
to the police per 100,000 people.
Homicide as sexual interference, invitation to sexual
The crime rate includes all Criminal Code touching, sexual exploitation, incest and
Homicide, the most serious of all criminal acts,
offenses, such as property crime, violent crime offenses in relation to juvenile prostitution.
includes first and second degree murder,
and youth crime, but does not include traffic It is important to note many sexual offenses
manslaughter and infanticide.
violations or drug offenses. are not reported.
Impaired driving causing death, dangerous driving
The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics In 2005:
causing death, criminal negligence causing death
provides the most current crime statistics. The
and attempted murder are not included in ➢ Alberta’s sexual assault rate declined by
most current year available is 2005.
homicide rates. 10 per cent and fell below the Canadian
The good news was in that year, Alberta’s rate for the first time in almost 10 years
overall crime rate declined. Still, it remained
➢ More than half (56 per cent) of the
higher than the national average. ➢ Alberta’s homicide rate was 3.3 per 100,000
sexual assaults reported in Alberta were
people; 64 per cent higher than the Canadian
While this rate was the lowest of the four committed outside of the major cities of
average and third highest of all the provinces
western provinces it was still the fourth highest Edmonton and Calgary.
overall. ➢ Close to half (44 per cent) of Alberta’s 109
homicides were committed outside of the
major cities of Edmonton and Calgary.
By the Numbers ➢ Edmonton recorded the highest ➢ Internet based sexual exploitation of
homicide rate of the nine largest cities children and youth allows pedophiles to
Many Albertans are concerned about the criminal
in Canada, at a rate of 4.3 per 100,000 anonymously contact children and youth,
justice system’s ability to respond effectively to
people. This was its highest rate and it also supports the collection and
violent crimes, especially because statistics tell us
since 1981. distribution of child pornography.
that Alberta’s violent crime rate has been higher
than the Canadian average for the last 10 years. Sexual Assault and Other Sexual Offenses ➢ Studies suggest that 20 per cent of
Violent crimes include homicide, attempted children and youth who use the Internet
The Criminal Code classifies sexual assaults
murder, assault, sexual assault, other sexual have received an unwanted sexual
according to the seriousness of the incident:
offenses, abduction and robbery. Many violent ➢ level 1 causes the least physical injury
Family Violence of all the provinces and 27 per cent higher than ➢ Edmonton has the highest fraud rate of
the national average the nine major cities in Canada
Family violence can include many Criminal
Code offenses, such as assault, sexual assault ➢ Alberta’s rate for youth charged with fraud ➢ Banff, Grande Prairie, St. Paul, as well as
and homicide. Family violence is not a specific was the second highest in the country and 52 Hobbema all have higher fraud rates than
offense. per cent higher than the national average Edmonton.
➢ In 2004, Alberta had the highest rate of ➢ Alberta’s rate for youth charged with drug Impaired Driving In 2005:
spousal assault against women offenses was 6.8 times higher than in 1996,
➢ Alberta’s rate of impaired driving
➢ From 1975 to 2004, Alberta has generally and the third highest of all the provinces.
causing death was above the national
had the third highest spousal homicide rate
Property Crime average, despite a significant decline
of all the provinces.
from its 2004 and 2003 rates
Property crimes include breaking and entering
(residential, business and other), motor vehicle ➢ Edmonton’s impaired driving causing
Youth crimes include Criminal Code offenses theft, theft, possession of stolen goods and fraud. death rate has declined over the last
committed by youth who are 12 to 17 years old. Mischief (e.g. vandalism, graffiti) and arson are three years and has remained below the
They are dealt with under the Youth Criminal defined as “other Criminal Code offenses” and are national average since 1996
Justice Act. not included in property crime rates. ➢ Calgary’s 2005 impaired driving
Youth under the age of 12 cannot be held In 2005: causing death rate was also above the
criminally responsible. Over the last 10 years, national average and was up from its
Alberta has generally remained within the top ➢ Alberta’s property crime rate was above the 2004 rate.
four provinces for the number of youth charged Canadian average and the fourth highest of all
with violent crimes. the provinces
In 2005: ➢ Alberta’s motor vehicle theft rate was third
highest of all provinces and significantly
➢ Alberta’s overall youth crime rate higher than the Canadian rate
declined significantly, mostly because of
a decline in property crimes ➢ Of the 21,231 motor vehicle thefts in Alberta
in 2005, almost half (44 per cent) occurred in
➢ However, Alberta’s youth property crime rate Edmonton
remains the third highest of all the provinces ➢ Edson, Fort McMurray, Grande Prairie,
and is 43 per cent higher than the national Leduc, Red Deer and the communities
average and areas around High Level, Hobbema
and St. Paul all recorded motor vehicle
➢ Alberta had a 33 per cent higher rate than the theft rates well above the provincial
rest of Canada for youths accused of homicide average
➢ Although the number of youths charged with ➢ Alberta’s fraud rate was well above the
motor vehicle theft in Alberta was at its lowest Canadian average and the highest of all
in 10 years, the rate remained the third highest the provinces