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MULTIPLICATION

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									Learning the Multiplication Facts Part 1

By Monica Yuskaitis

Multiplication Facts are easiest to learn when...
 You

find patterns.  You use rhymes.  You use stories.  You relate them to what you already know.

Zero Pattern 0 times any number is 0
0
0 0 0 0 0

x x x x x x

3 7 4 1 0 9

= = = = = =

0 0 0 0 0 0

What is

0x8=0

1 times any number is the same number
1
1 1 1 1 1

One’s Pattern
= = = = = = 3 7 4 1 2 9

x x x x x x

3 7 4 1 2 9

What is

1x5=5

2 times any number is that number doubled
2
2 2 2 2 2

Two’s Pattern
= = = = = = 6 14 8 2 4 18

x x x x x x

3 7 4 1 2 9

What is

2 x 5 = 10

Five’s Pattern - Step 1
Cut the number you are multiplying in half x x x x x x 3 7 8 1 2 6 = = = = = = 1.5 3.5 4 .5 1 3
5
5 5 5 5 5

If you are multiplying an odd number, drop the decimal point
5
5 5 5 5

Five’s Pattern - Step 2
x x x x x 3 7 5 1 9 = = = = = 1. 5 3. 5 2. 5
.5 4. 5

What is

5 x 7 =3 5

What is

5 x 3 =1 5

What is

5 x 9 =4 5

What is

5 x 5 =2 5

If you are multiplying an even number, just add a zero
5
5 5 5 5

Five’s Pattern - Step 3
x x x x x 2= 1 6= 3 4= 2 8= 4 10 = 5 0
0 0 0 0

What is

5 x 8 =4 0

What is

5 x 6 =3 0

What is

5 x 4 =2 0

What is

5 x 2 =1 0

Subtract 1 from number you are multiplying
9
9 9 9 9 9

Nine’s Pattern - Step 1
x x x x x x 3 7 8 1 2 6 = = = = = = 2 6 7 0 1 5

Add a 2nd number that totals nine with the 1st number
9
9 9 9 9 9

Nine’s Pattern - Step 2
x x x x x x 3 7 8 1 2 6 = = = = = = 2+ 7 = 6+ 3 = 7+ 2 = 0+ 9 = 1+ 8 = 5+ 4 =

9 9 9 9

9 9

What is

9 x 7 =6 3

What is

9 x 8 =7 2

What is

9 x 9 =8 1

What is

9 x 6 =5 4

What is

9 x 5 =4 5

What is

9 x 3 =2 7

What is

9 x 4 =3 6

What is

9 x 2 =1 8

Six’s Pattern (even #’s only)
Step #1 Cut the number you are multiplying in half.
6

x 6 x 6 x 6 x

2 4 6 8

= = = =

1 2 3 4

Six’s Pattern (even #’s only)
Step #2 The number you are multiplying by 6 is the 2nd #.
6

x 6 x 6 x 6 x

2 4 6 8

= = = =

1 2 3 4

2 4 6

8

What is

6 x 6 =3 6

What is

6 x 2 =1 2

What is

6 x 8 =4 8

What is

6 x 4 =2 4


								
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