Preposition and Prepositional Phrase
Alohaaa… This is Mr. Enjoy, will guide you to the today’s brain journey. Today, we will visit the
word named Preposition. And we will begin with the meaning of Preposition. So, let’s go!
“Preposition is a word or phrase that shows the relationship of a noun to
The words are like at, by, in, to, from, and with. Sometimes, preposition comes before a noun,
pronoun, or may be noun phrase. Preposition can join the noun to some other part of the
sentence. Look at the examples below:
on, in, by, with, under, through, at
Preposition has many characteristics. They are:
- Part of speech in traditional grammar.
- Structure word in modern grammar.
- Prepositions is a small class of words.
- Prepositions do not have formal characteristic endings.
- A word used to relate a noun or pronoun to some other part of the sentence (see the
- signal syntactic structures that has function as the other parts of speech (noun, adjective,
- Range in meanings: from definite semantic notions as time, place, etc. to purely structural
- Become the signal that a noun or noun phrase or noun clause follows it.
- Preposition is word that combines with a noun or pronoun to form a phrase
- If prepositions followed by noun phrase, it will produce Prepositional phrases. Here I give you
P + NP PP functioning as noun, adjective, and adverb
NP: Noun Phrase
PP: Prepositional Phrase
a. The jeweler showed the diamond ring to whoever might be a potential buyer
b. We were proud of having such a good book.
c. He fell down the stairs.
d. Please come in the house.
- Verb + Prep two-part verbs
e.g. bring about, look for, hand in, etc.
Functions of Prepositional Phrase:
a. Prepositional object, e.g.:
(1) The mother looked at her child tenderly.
(2) Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.
(3) All the children were laughing at the jokers.
b. Object + Prepositional object, e.g.:
(1) Please remind me of (about) the time of the meeting.
(2) I have consulted my lawyer about the will.
c. Two Prepositional Objects, e.g.:
(1) He likes to joke with his wife about everything.
(2) The patient complained about the food to the nurse.
d. Subject, e.g.:
(1) Over the fence is out.
(2) From ten to two is a good time to find me in the office.
e. SC, OC, O of Prep, e.g.:
(1) She was in tears.
(2) That case is out of our jurisdiction.
(3) We found her in tears.
(4) I cannot see you until after Lebaran Day.
(5) The dog emerged from under the porch.
f. Adverbial function, e.g.:
(1) I can see you at noon. (modifying a verb)
(2) Put the flowers in the vase. (modifying a verb)
(3) The train is bound for Rome. (modifying an adjective)