St Augustine

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					Teachers of the west

     St Augustine,
      And others
• In the early centuries the western church,
  included; Rome, north Africa, Spain, and
  France (Ghall)
• Africa: we have Tertullian 160-220, St
  Ceprianos 200-258, St Augustine 354-430.
• Rome ; st clement of Rome (reposed in
  120) and Ipolitis 160-235
• France; St Ireneous bishop of Leon
  (reposed 202 or 203)
• Up till the year 150 their writings were all
  in Greek, (despite that fact that their
  language was Latin, around 150 Tertullian
  started writing in Latin. Little by little Latin
  became the official language of the
  western church. Though they used a lot of
  Greek expressions.
    Character of their writings.
• More towards the practical side rather than
  the mystical side of the east.
• They wrote more about the nature of
  participation of the Devine with the human
  in spiritual labor. This is what is called
  nowadays “Ecclesiastical anthropology”
• Also wrote about the nature of the church
  “ecclesiology” and “sacramental theology”
    Character of their writings.
• St Hillary , devote more of his writings against
  Aryanism, He used a lot of the eastern father’s
  writings, which in turn benefited the west.
• Many of the west fathers were like a connection
  between the east and the west. Such as St
  Jerome, Rofinous, John cassian,
• The pure western teachers were Ombrosios,
  and St Augustine and others.
• In st Augustine writings we find more of the
  meditation style which was characteristic of the
  eastern fathers and moved to to west
• In the area of biblical interpretation we have St
  Jerom who made the first accurate translation to
  the bible in Latin (The Vulgate), which had an
  introductry interpretation of Biblical books as well
  as the historical antiquties related to it
• In the field of poetry (religious) the western
  fathers who wrote in Latin had more
  production than the eastern Greek poetry.
St Augustine and the mystery of
•   Confessions of Saint Augustine by Augustine, Saint Confessions and
    Enchiridion, newly translated and edited by Albert C. Outler by Augustine, Saint
•   On Christian Doctrine, in Four Books by Augustine
•    Handbook on Faith, Hope, and Love by Augustine
•    NPNF1-05. St. Augustin: Anti-Pelagian Writings by Schaff, Philip
•   NPNF1-02. St. Augustin's City of God and Christian Doctrine by Schaff, Philip
•   NPNF1-08. St. Augustin: Exposition on the Book of Psalms by Schaff, Philip
•   NPNF1-01. The Confessions and Letters of St. Augustin, with a Sketch of his
    Life and Work by Schaff, Philip
•   NPNF1-04. Augustin: The Writings Against the Manichaeans and Against the
    Donatists by Schaff, Philip
•   NPNF1-06. St. Augustin: Sermon on the Mount;
•   Harmony of the Gospels; Homilies on the Gospels by Schaff, Philip
•   NPNF1-07. St. Augustin: Homilies on the Gospel of John;
•   Homilies on the First Epistle of John; Soliloquies Philip
• Augustine was born in the city of Thagaste the
  present day Souk Ahras, Algeria, to a pagan
  father named Patricius and a catholic mother
  named Monica. He was educated in north Africa
  and resisted his mother's pleas to become
  Christian. Living as a pagan intellectual, he took
  a concubine, with whom he had a son,
  Adeodatus, and became a Manichean Later he
  converted to Catholicism, became a bishop, and
  opposed heresies, such as the belief that people
  can have the ability to choose to be good to
  such a degree as to merit salvation without
  divine aid (Pelagianism).
• I cast myself down I know not how, under a
  certain fig-tree, giving full vent to my tears; and
  the floods of mine eyes gushed out an
  acceptable sacrifice to Thee. And, not indeed in
  these words, yet to this purpose, spake I much
  unto Thee: and Thou, O Lord, how long? how
  long, Lord, wilt Thou be angry for ever?
  Remember not our former iniquities, for I felt that
  I was held by them. I sent up these sorrowful
  words: How long, how long, "to-morrow, and
  tomorrow?" Why not now? why not is there this
  hour an end to my uncleanness?
• So was I speaking and weeping in the
  most bitter contrition of my heart, when, lo!
  I heard from a neighbouring house a
  voice, as of boy or girl, I know not,
  chanting, and oft repeating, "Take up and
  read; Take up and read. " Instantly, my
  countenance altered, I began to think most
  intently whether children were wont in any
  kind of play to sing such words: nor could I
  remember ever to have heard the like.
• . So checking the torrent of my tears, I arose;
  interpreting it to be no other than a command
  from God to open the book, and read the first
  chapter I should find. For I had heard of Antony,
  that coming in during the reading of the Gospel,
  he received the admonition, as if what was being
  read was spoken to him: Go, sell all that thou
  hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have
  treasure in heaven, and come and follow me:
  and by such oracle he was forthwith converted
  unto Thee
• Eagerly then I returned to the place where
  Alypius was sitting; for there had I laid the
  volume of the Apostle when I arose thence. I
  seized, opened, and in silence read that section
  on which my eyes first fell: Not in rioting and
  drunkenness, not in chambering and
  wantonness, not in strife and envying; but put ye
  on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not
  provision for the flesh, in concupiscence. No
  further would I read; nor needed I: for instantly at
  the end of this sentence, by a light as it were of
  serenity infused into my heart, all the darkness
  of doubt vanished away.
• Priesthood
• Upon his return to north Africa he sold his
  patrimony and gave the money to the poor. The
  only thing he kept was the family house, which
  he converted into a monastic foundation for
  himself and a group of friends. In 391 he was
  ordained a priest in Hippo Regius (now Annaba
  in Algeria). He became a famous preacher
  (more than 350 preserved sermons are believed
  to be authentic), and was noted for combating
  the Manichaean religion, to which he had
  formerly adhered.
    Tomb in San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro
            Basilica, Pavia.
    "St Augustine and St Monica"
       (1846), by Ary Scheffer

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