BILLIARD

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					BILLIARD
       Presented by:
   Bernadeth Raterta
   For the 1st year High School Students

Objectives:
1. The student will be able to identify the
   different equipments in billiard.
2. The students will be able to enumerate
   the different rules in billiard.
3. The student will be able to perform the
   stance in billiard.
Billiard is..




What is Billiard?
Cuesports (sometimes written cue sports),
 also known as billiard sports, are a wide
 variety of games of skill generally played
 with a cue stick which is used to strike
 billiard balls, moving them around a cloth-
 covered billiards table bounded by rubber
 cushions.
           Click here




What are the equipments in
billiard?
The equipments are:
   Billiard Table
   Cloth
   Rack
   Cues
   Chalk
   Billiard Balls




                      Next
   Billiard Tables


There are many sizes and styles of pool and
billiard tables . Generally, tables are
rectangles twice as long as they are wide




                                      Back
    Cloth




The cloth of the billiard table has traditionally been
green, reflecting its origin (originally the grass of
ancestral lawn games), and has been so colored
since the 16th century, but it is also produced in
other colors such as red and blue.
                                                  Back
   Rack
          A rack is the name given to a frame
    (usually wood, plastic or aluminum) used
    to organize billiard balls at the beginning
    of a game. This is traditionally triangular
    in shape, but varies with the type of
    billiards played. There are two main types
    of racks; the more common triangular
    shape which is used for eight-ball and
    straight pool and the diamond shaped
    rack used for nine-ball.


                  Picture
                 Click here                Back
Back
   Cues
          Billiards games are mostly played with
    a stick known as a cue. A cue is usually
    either a one piece tapered stick or a two
    piece stick divided in the middle by a joint
    of metal or phenolic resin. High quality
    cues are generally two pieces and are
    made of a hardwood, generally maple for
    billiards and ash for snooker.




                      Picture
                     Click here
                                            Back
Back
    Chalk




Chalk is applied to the tip of the cue stick, ideally
before every shot, to increase the tip's friction
coefficient so that when it impacts the cue ball on a
non-center hit, no miscue (unintentional slippage
between the cue tip and the struck ball) occurs.
                                                 Back
   Billiard balls




Billiard balls have been made from many
different materials since the start of the
game, including clay, bakelite , celluloid,
crystallite, ivory, plastic, steivoel and wood .
                                              Back
           Click here




The two stance tecniques of
billiard:
 Snooker stance
 Side-on stance




The different stance:   Next
  A snooker stance is all about being flat
on the table and square on and off-
centered behind the shot. It is an off-
centered stance.




                                        Back
    A side-on stance is the opposite of the
snooker stance in the way the body is
positioned side-on and centered to the
line of shot, instead of square on and off-
centered. It can be as flat on the table as
a snooker stance, or it can be more
elevated, with the head positioned off the
cue.



                                       Back
       What are the rules?




Rules in Billiard
   OBJECT OF THE GAME.
   RACKING THE BALLS.
   LEGAL BREAK SHOT.
   CONTINUING PLAY.
   PUSH OUT
   FOULS
   BAD HIT
    NO RAIL
   IN HAND
   OBJECT BALLS JUMPED OFF THE TABLE
   JUMP AND MASSE SHOT FOUL
   THREE CONSECUTIVE FOULS
   END OF GAME

These are the rules:
    Hom
     e
                                        Quiz
Quiz

       Next
   Among the sports equipment given, which
    of these does not belong to billiard?
    a. cloth                  c. racquet

    b. rack                 d. chalk




         Back

                                       Next
   Billiard games are mostly played using a
    stick known as a cue.

     a. True            b. False




         Back

                                         Next
   Chalk is applied to the tip of the cue stick.


     a. True                    b. False




        Back
                                           Next
   There are three stance in playing billiard;
    snooker stance and side-on stance.

        a. True               b. False




        Back

                                           Next
   There are six equipments in billiard
    namely; cloth, chalk, cues, rack, billiard
    table, and billiard balls.

       a. True                  b. False




                                           Home
     A game starts as soon as the cue ball
crosses over the head string on the
opening break. The 1-ball must be legally
contacted on the break shot. The game
ends at the end of a legal shot which
pockets the 9-ball; or when a player
forfeits the game as the result of a foul.



                                      Back
    If a player fouls three consecutive
times on three successive shots without
making an intervening legal shot, he loses
the game. The three fouls must occur in
one game. The warning must be given
between the second and third fouls.




                                      Back
      If a match is not refereed, it will be
considered a cue ball foul if during an
attempt to jump, curve or masse the cue
ball over or around an impeding
numbered ball, the impeding ball moves
(regardless of whether it was moved by a
hand, cue stick follow-through or bridge).




                                        Back
    An unpocketed ball is considered to be
driven off the table if it comes to rest
other than on the bed of the table. It is a
foul to drive an object ball off the table.
The jumped object ball(s) is not respotted
(exception: if the object ball is the 9-ball,
it is respotted) and play continues.




                                          Back
    When the cue ball is in hand, the
player may place the cue ball anywhere on
the bed of the table, except in contact
with an object ball. He may continue to
adjust the position of the cue ball until he
takes a shot.




                                        Back
     If no object ball is pocketed, failure to
drive the cue ball or any numbered ball to
a rail after the cue ball contacts the object
ball on is a foul.




                                          Back
  If the first object ball contacted by the
cue ball is not the lowest- numbered ball
on the table, the shot is foul.




                                        Back
     When a player commits a foul, he must
relinquish his run at the table and no balls
pocketed on the foul shot are respotted
(exception: if a pocketed ball is the 9-ball,
it is respotted). The incoming player is
awarded ball in hand; prior to his first
shot he may place the cue ball anywhere
on the table. If a player commits several
fouls on one shot, they are counted as
only one foul.



                                          Back
      The player who shoots the shot immediately after a legal
break may play a push out in an attempt to move the cue ball into
a better position for the option that follows. On a push out, the
cue ball is not required to contact any object ball nor any rail, but
all other foul rules still apply. The player must announce his
intention of playing a push out before the shot, or the shot is
considered to be a normal shot. Any ball pocketed on a push out
does not count and remains pocketed except the 9-ball. Following
a legal push out, the incoming player is permitted to shoot from
that position or to pass the shot back to the player who pushed
out. A push out is not considered to be a foul as long as no rule
(except rules 7. and 8.) is violated. An illegal push out is
penalized according to the type of foul committed. After a player
scratches on the break shot, the incoming player cannot play a
push out.




                                                                 Back
 On the shot immediately following a legal
break, the shooter may play a "push
out“.If the breaker pockets one or more
balls on a legal break, he continues to
shoot until he misses, fouls, or wins the
game. If the player misses or fouls, the
other player begins his inning and shoots
until he misses, fouls, or wins. the game
ends when the nine ball is pocketed on a
legal shot, or the game is forfeited for a
serious infraction of the rules.

                                             Back
   The rules governing the break shot are the same
    as for other shots except:
    a. The breaker must strike the 1-ball first and
    either pocket a ball or drive at least four
    numbered balls to the rail.
    b. If the cue ball is pocketed or driven off the
    table, or the requirements of the opening break
    are not met, it is a foul, and the incoming player
    has cue ball in hand anywhere on the table.
    c. If on the break shot, the breaker causes an
    object ball to jump off the table, it is a foul and
    the incoming player has cue ball in hand
    anywhere on the table. The object ball is not
    respotted (exception: if the object ball is the 9-
    ball, it is respotted).




                                                     Back
   The object balls are racked in a diamond
    shape, with the one ball at the top of the
    diamond and on the foot spot, the nine
    ball in the center of the diamond, and the
    other balls in random order, racked as
    tightly as possible. the game begins with
    cue ball in hand behind the head string.




                                          Back
   Nine Ball is played with nine object balls numbered
    one through nine and a cue ball. On each shot the
    first ball the cue ball contacts must be the lowest-
    numbered ball on the table, but the balls need not be
    pocketed in order. If a player pockets any ball on a
    legal shot, he remains at the table for another shot,
    and continues until he misses, fouls, or wins the game
    by pocketing the 9-ball. After a miss, the incoming
    player must shoot from the position left by the
    previous player, but after any foul the incoming player
    may start with the cue ball anywhere on the table.
    Players are not required to call any shot. a match
    ends when one of the players has won the required
    number of games.



                                                      Back
       Correct
         :)
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Sorry! Wrong
choice..
      :-(
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posted:11/7/2011
language:English
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