Axial Skeleton Questions (DOC) by changcheng2


									The axial skeleton can be recognized because it:
                                                             8, 12, 6, 2
includes the bones of the pectoral and pelvic girdles        8, 14, 6, 1
includes the bones of the arms and legs                      10, 14, 3, 1
forms the longitudinal axis of the body                      14, 8, 3, 1
all of the above
                                                             End of Question 5
End of Question 1

                                                             Question 6
Question 2
                                                             6       Which of the following collections of bones
2       The human skeleton contains:                         includes ones that are unpaired in the skull?

260 bones                                                    nasal and zygomatic
206 bones                                                    occipital and frontal
80 bones                                                     parietal and temporal
126 bones                                                    lacrimal and maxillary

End of Question 2                                            End of Question 6

Question 3                                                   Question 7

3       Of the following selections, the one that            7       The associated bones of the skull include the:
includes bones found exclusively in the axial skeleton is:
                                                             mandible and maxilla
skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, hyoid                       nasal and lacrimal
ear ossicles, scapula, clavicle, sternum, hyoid              hyoid and auditory ossicles
vertebrae, ischium, ilium, skull, ribs                       vomer and palatine
sacrum, ear ossicles, skull, scapula, ilium
                                                             End of Question 7
End of Question 3

                                                             Question 8
Question 4
                                                             8       The sagittal suture joins:
4      The axial skeleton creates a framework that
supports and protects organ systems in the:                  the frontal and parietal bones
                                                             the temporal and zygomatic bones
pleural cavity                                               the parietal bones to each other
abdominal cavity                                             the nasal bones to the frontal bone
dorsal and ventral body cavities
pericardial cavity                                           End of Question 8

End of Question 4
                                                             Question 9

Question 5                                                   9        The sutures that articulate the bones of the
                                                             skull are:
5        There are ________ cranial bones, _______
facial bones, _______ auditory ossicles, and ______          posterior, anterior, lateral, dorsal
hyoid.                                                       calvaria, foramen, condyloid, lacerum
lambdoidal, sagittal, coronal, squamosal                  sphenoid
parietal, occipital, frontal, temporal                    maxilla
End of Question 9
                                                          End of Question 13

Question 10
                                                          Question 14
10       The bones that make up the eye socket or orbit
include:                                                  14      The sinuses or internal chambers in the skull are
                                                          found in:
temporal, frontal, sphenoid
parietal, zygomatic, maxilla                              lacrimal, vomer, ethmoid, frontal bones
ethmoid, temporal, zygomatic                              ethmoid, frontal, lacrimal, maxillary bones
lacrimal, ethmoid, sphenoid                               sphenoid, frontal, ethmoid, maxillary bones
                                                          sphenoid, ethmoid, vomer, lacrimal bones
End of Question 10
                                                          End of Question 14

Question 11
                                                          Question 15
11      Foramina, located on the bones of the skull,
serve primarily as passageways for:                       15      The nasal complex consists of the:

sound and sight                                           maxilla, lacrimal, and ethmoidal concha
muscle fibers and nerve tissue                            frontal, sphenoid, and ethmoid bones
airways and ducts for secretions                          inferior concha
nerves and blood vessels                                  all of the above

End of Question 11                                        End of Question 15

Question 12                                               Question 16

12      The lines, tubercles, crests, ridges, and other   16     In which of the following groups does each
processes on the bones represent areas which are used     bone contain a sinus?
primarily for:
                                                          nasal, ethmoid, sphenoid
attachment of muscles to bones                            frontal, maxillary, zygomatic, temporal
attachment of bone to bone                                ethmoid, sphenoid, frontal, maxillary
joint articulation                                        frontal, sphenoid, occipital, temporal
increasing the surface area of the bone
                                                          End of Question 16
End of Question 12

                                                          Question 17
Question 13
                                                          17     The mucus membrane of the paranasal sinuses
13     The superior and middle nasal conchae can be       responds to environmental stress by:
found as a part of which bone?
                                                          creating swirls and eddies in the sinuses
ethmoid                                                   accelerating the production of mucus
lacrimal                                                  breaking up air flow in the nasal cavity
all of the above
                                                          End of Question 21
End of Question 17

                                                          Question 22
Question 18
                                                          22      An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is
18    The reason the skull can be distorted without       called:
damage during birth is:
fibrous connective tissue connects the cranial bones      kyphosis
fusion of the ossification centers is completed           scoliosis
the brain is large enough to support the skull            lordosis
shape and structure of the cranial elements are elastic
                                                          End of Question 22
End of Question 18

                                                          Question 23
Question 19
                                                          23      Which of the following statements about the
19      In a warm climate, which fontanel might           thoracic cage is FALSE?
indicate dehydration in an infant?
                                                          The costal cartilages allow increased flexibility in the
occipital                                                 ribs, such that the ribs can bend and move to cushion
anterior                                                  shocks or absorb some blows.
mastoid                                                   Depressing the ribs causes a decrease in the volume of
sphenoid                                                  the thoracic cavity.
                                                          The false ribs are also known as vertebrochondral ribs.
End of Question 19                                        The sternum does not ossify until an individual reaches
                                                          30 years of age.

Question 20                                               End of Question 23

20      The most significant growth in the skull occurs
before 5 years of age because:                            Question 24

brain development is incomplete until maturity            24       The largest and most massive of the vertebrae
the ossification and articulation process is completed    are the:
the brain stops growing and cranial sutures develop
the cranium of a child is larger than that of an adult    lumbar
End of Question 20                                        cervical

Question 21                                               End of Question 24

21      The primary spinal curves that appear late in
fetal development:                                        Question 25

help shift the trunk weight over the legs                 25     Of the following, which correctly identifies the
accommodate the thoracic and abdominopelvic viscera       sequence of the vertebrae from superior to inferior?
become accentuated as the toddler learns to walk
accommodate the lumbar and cervical regions               cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacrum, coccyx
thoracic, cervical, lumbar, coccyx, sacrum                 an attachment site for leg muscles
cervical, thoracic, sacrum, lumbar, coccyx                 an attachment site for a muscle that closes the anal
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx                 opening
                                                           protection for the anal opening
End of Question 25
                                                           End of Question 29

Question 26
                                                           Question 30
26     Which of the following is NOT likely to cause
kyphosis?                                                  30      The first seven pairs of ribs are called true ribs,
                                                           while the lower five pairs are called false ribs because:
chronic contraction of muscles that insert on the
vertebrae                                                  they do not attach directly to the vertebrae
osteoporosis with compression fractures affecting the      they do not attach directly to the sternum
anterior portions of the vertebral bodies                  the fused cartilages merge with the costal cartilage
abdominal obesity causing an exaggeration of the           they differ in shape from the true ribs
lumbar curvature
abnormal vertebral growth                                  End of Question 30

End of Question 26
                                                           Question 31

Question 27                                                31      The skeleton of the chest or thorax consists of:

27      C1 and C2 have specific names, which are the:      cervical vertebrae, ribs, pectoral girdle
                                                           cervical vertebrae, ribs, thoracic vertebrae
atlas and coccyx                                           cervical vertebrae, ribs, sternum
cervical and costal                                        thoracic vertebrae, ribs, sternum
atlas and axis
sacrum and coccyx                                          End of Question 31

End of Question 27
                                                           Question 32

Question 28                                                32      The three components of the adult sternum are
28      The sacrum consists of five fused elements that
afford protection for:                                     manubrium, body, xiphoid process
                                                           pneumothorax, hemothorax, tuberculum
urinary, respiratory, and digestive organs                 head, capitulum, tuberculum
respiratory, reproductive, and endocrine organs            angle, body, shaft
reproductive, digestive, and excretory organs
endocrine, respiratory, and urinary organs                 End of Question 32

End of Question 28
                                                           Question 33

Question 29                                                33       Brain growth, skull growth, and completed
                                                           cranial suture development occur:
29      The primary purpose of the coccyx is to provide:
                                                           between ages 5 and 10
protection for the urinary organs                          before age 5
before birth                                                 provide a point of attachment for the ligamentum
right after birth                                            nuchae
                                                             permit the passageway of nerves to and from the spinal
End of Question 33                                           cord
                                                             reduce friction by serving as cushioning between the
                                                             vertebral bodies
Question 34
                                                             End of Question 37
34      The area of the greatest degree of flexibility
along the vertebral column is found from:
                                                             Question 38
T1–T6                                                        38      The skull articulates with the vertebral column
L1–L5                                                        at the:
                                                             foramen magnum
End of Question 34                                           lambdoidal sutures
                                                             C1 and C2
                                                             occipital condyles
Question 35
                                                             End of Question 38
35    After a hard fall, compression fractures or
compression/dislocation fractures most often involve
the:                                                         Question 39

fifth lumbar and sacrum                                      39      The long framework of the sphenoid bone that
sacrum and coccyx                                            houses the pituitary gland is the:
first two cervical vertebrae
last thoracic and first two lumbar vertebrae                 frontal squama
                                                             styloid process
End of Question 35                                           sella turcica
                                                             crista galli

Question 36                                                  End of Question 39

36      Intervertebral discs are found between all the
vertebrae except between:                                    Question 40

C1 and T1, T12 and L1, and the sacrum and coccyx             40      The growth of the cranium is usually associated
L5 and the sacrum                                            with:
the sacrum and coccyx
C1 and C2 and the sacrum and coccyx                          the expansion of the brain
                                                             the time of birth
End of Question 36                                           the development of the fontanels
                                                             the closure of the sutures

Question 37                                                  End of Question 40

37       The intervertebral foramina:
                                                             Question 41
allow a vertebra to articulate with the vertebrae directly
superior and inferior                                        41      Beginning at the superior end of the vertebral
                                                             canal and proceeding inferiorly:
                                                            Question 45
the diameter of the cord and the size of the neural arch
decrease                                                    45     The bones that conduct sound vibrations from
the diameter of the cord increases and the size of the      the tympanum to the inner ear are the:
neural arch decreases
the diameter of the cord decreases and the size of the      occipital condyles
neural arch increases                                       lacrimal bones
the diameter of the cord and the size of the neural arch    maxillae
increase                                                    auditory ossicles

End of Question 41                                          End of Question 45

Question 42                                                 Question 46

42       The vertebrae that are directly articulated with   46      A diagnosis of lordosis indicates what spinal
the ribs are:                                               condition?

cervical only                                               lateral curvature
thoracic and lumbar                                         swayback
cervical and thoracic                                       osteoporosis
thoracic only                                               round back

End of Question 42                                          End of Question 46

Question 43                                                 Question 47

43      The head of a rib articulates at:                   47       TMJ syndrome is a misalignment of the _______
                                                            at the temporomandibular joint.
body of the sternum
the body of the vertebrae                                   sphenoid bone
the costal cartilage                                        spinous process
the transverse process of the vertebrae                     mandible
                                                            maxillary bone
End of Question 43
                                                            End of Question 47

Question 44
                                                            Question 48
44     Joey feels the bones of his vertebral column
under his skin as he runs his fingers along his back.       48      On examination of a vertebral bone, you notice
What part of a vertebral bone is he actually feeling?       not only that it contains a vertebral foramen but also
                                                            that two foramina are in the transverse processes of the
superior and inferior articulating facets                   vertebrae. This bone comes from which portion of the
transverse process                                          vertebral column?
spinous process                                             thoracic
transverse foramina                                         sacral
End of Question 44                                          lumbar

                                                            End of Question 48
Question 49

49      The parietal bone is located in the:

inner ear
thoracic cage

End of Question 49

Question 50

50      The foramen magnum connects the ______
with the ______.

nasal cavity, lacrimal fossa
cranial cavity, spinal cavity
hypoglossal nerves, cranial nerves
occipital bone, temporal bone

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