ankle

					Ankle and Lower Leg

      Chapter 15
BONES OF THE ANKLE AND
      LOWER LEG
 TIBIA
     MEDIAL MALLEOLUS
 FIBULA
     LATERAL MALLEOLUS
 TALUS
 CALCANEUS
   JOINTS OF THE ANKLE
 TIBIAL - TALAR
 SUBTALAR
MAJOR LIGAMENTS OF THE
         ANKLE
  Lateral Aspect
    anterior tibiofibular

    anterior talofibular

    lateral talocalcaneal

    calcaneofibular
         LIGAMENTS (cont.)
 Medial Aspect
     deltoid
 Posterior
     posterior talofibular
     posterior talocalcaneal
MUSCLES OF ANKLE AND
     LOWER LEG
 •   Gastrocnemius
 •   Soleus
 •   Peroneus longus
 •   Peroneus brevis
 •   Anterior tibialis
 •   Posterior tibialis
 •   Extensor digitorum longus
 •   Extensor hallucis longus
 •   Flexor digitorum longus
 •   Flexor hallucis longus
        LOWER LEG
      COMPARTMENTS
 ANTERIOR

 LATERAL

 DEEP POSTERIOR

 SUPERFICIAL POSTERIOR
ADDITIONAL STRUCTURES
 INTEROSSEOUS MEMBRANE

 DISTAL TIBIOFIBULAR

 SYNDESMOSIS

 BURSAE
    PREVENTING INJURY TO
     LOWER LEG & ANKLE
   Achilles Tendon Stretching
   Strength Training
   Neuromuscular Control Training
   Footwear
   Preventive Ankle and Braces
           PHYSICAL EXAM
 Weight bearing status
 Bilateral comparisons
 Inspection and Palpation
     Inspection of lateral structures
     Inspection of medial structures
     Inspection of anterior structures
     Inspection of posterior structures
 Special tests
SPECIFIC INJURIES OF THE
 ANKLE AND LOWER LEG -
      ASSESSMENT
   Ankle Sprain
   Ankle Fractures
   Peroneal Tendon Problems
   Anterior/Posterior Tibialis Tendonitis
   Shin Conditions
   Leg Cramps & Spasm
   Gastroc / Achilles Strain
   Stress Fracture Syndrome of Lower Leg
         REHABILITATION
   General
   Weight Bearing
   Joint Mobilization
   Flexibility
   Strengthening
   Proprioception
   Taping and Bracing

				
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posted:11/7/2011
language:English
pages:12