What are radiometric What are relative List 6 characteristics
dating techniques? dating methods? of primates.
List three List five
characteristics of characteristics of
List seven List four differences
List three differences
differences between between the pelvis
between the teeth of
the skull of a human and backbone of a
a human and the
and the skull of an human and that of an
teeth of an ape.
List three differences List three differences List three differences
between the legs of a between the feet of a between the chest of
human and that of an human and that of an a human and that of
ape. ape. an ape.
List eight advantages List three List seven general
of bipedal upright disadvantages of features of the
walking. upright walking. Australopithecines.
Cultural evolution of
humans led to an
improvement in food
List seven general supply and quality of
List five specific
features of the genus diet. List five
uses of fire.
contributed to this
The movement into the
open plains by man’s
Classify humans ancestors is believed to
have helped with the
from the super-family Explain why
development of the
Hominoidea to the bipedalism evolved. brain, especially the
tribe Hominins. cerebral cortex. List five
results of a larger
There are two main
theories about the
dispersal of hominids Six general
around the world: the Compare physical evolutionary features
multiregional evolution with of the
(continuity) theory and cultural evolution. Australopithecine
the ‘out of Africa’ group are .....
Explain both theories.
Describe six Describe the
biological and six biological
biological and six
cultural evolutionary evolutionary features
features of the and the cultural
features of the
species evolutionary features
Australopithecus of the Paranthropus
Describe six Describe six
biological and six
biological and six biological and six
cultural evolutionary cultural evolutionary
features of the
features of the features of the
species Homo species Homo
erectus and Homo
Describe six Explain why having a
biological and six home base has List five key features
cultural evolutionary contributed to the of advanced
features of the evolutionary communication as
species Homo development of exhibited by humans.
sapiens. modern humans.
List ten key features List in a series of key List in a series of
of the hunter/gather stages the stages the
stage in human evolutionary evolutionary
evolutionary development of development of
development. agriculture. technology.
Distinguish between Describe the
Explain what a
autosomes and sex functional role of
Distinguish Describe why the
between the consequence of Describe the role of
degeneracy of the
template strand genetic code to the likely
Helicase in DNA
and the coding effect of point replication
stand of DNA. mutations.
Describe the role Describe the role of the role of the leading
of gyrase in DNA DNA polymerase in strand and the lagging
replication. DNA replication strand during DNA
Describe the role
Describe the role of
of DNA What is a
DNA polymerase II in
polymerase I in polypeptide chain?
Describe the steps
What is a difference between
involved in the
transcription a primary RNA
formation of a
unit? transcript and
Describe the role What is the difference differences
of mRNA, tRNA between a triplet, a between
and rRNA in codon and an transcription and
protein synthesis. anticodon? translation in
What are okazaki What is a replication What is a metabolic
fragments? fork? pathway?
Explain how control Describe the
Describe how the
of gene expression essential features
occurs through of gene expression
repression. in Eukaryotes.
Explain the Describe the effect
genetic of linkage on the
crossing over in
significance of inheritance of
the process of
crossing over. genes.
Describe the effect recombination
of recombination increases the
the amount of
on the inheritance amount of genetic
variation in the
of genes. variation in
Explain how Co- Explain what sex
dominance linkage is and give
occurs. and example.
multiple alleles are What are lethal
and give an alleles?
How does What are
epistasis differ collaborative
from pleiotropy? genes?
What is the
What are difference
What are epistatic
complementary between gametic
genes? and somatic
What do the What do the
following terms following refer to:
mean: missense What do the terms
substitution, Aneuploidy and
substitution, frame translocation,
shift mutation. duplication.