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U.S. Discovers it’s Manifest Destiny Visual Discovery PREVIEW • This is an allegorical painting that represents many of the units important ideas symbolically /metaphorically. • Label at least three details in the image that you think represent important historical ideas that might be part of this unit. Map showing the Louisana Purchase • United States was a tiny country. • Treaty of Paris-“Won the right to expand” – Doubled in size w/ Louisiana Purchase • Not all enthusiastic – Too big for Democracy – Give control of government to slave owners – Didn’t want to be taken over • Didn’t know much about the West Painting of Lewis and Clark Expedition • 43 Adventures left in 1804 • AIM – Establish friendly relations – trade – convey message that territory now belonged to “Great White Father” – Charged to teach First nations how to inoculate themselves against smallpox. – Above all needed to gather knowledge • Tough trip – When journals published people had first look at Northwest L & C continued • Most First Nations good-willed • Biggest attraction was York – Appearance was a novelty and news sped ahead of expedition • Sent back bones, animal skins, live prairie dog • Joined by French Fur trapper and captive Shoshone girl name Sacajawea – Stole from home in Indian war then sold to French Fur Trapper • Endured Snake bites, rapids, hunger, and grizzly bear attacks • Reached Pacific then returned to ST. Louis after 2 years On the left side…. • Which parts of the • Make a simple Louisiana territory sketch of the has the expedition transparency…add explored? thought bubbles • What unique emanating from experiences have the three figures members of the and write expedition had? responses to • Why are the findings these respective of the expedition prompts: important to the US? Recruited by Lewis & Clark Clip Zebulon Pike entering Santa Fe • Explorer Lieutenant Zebulon Pike • Lead expedition up the Mississippi R. looking for headwaters • Next expedition was west across Great Plains • Orders were to take specimens (botanical & mineral) and bring Comanche captives. • Went south in Spanish controlled New Mexico to avoid harsh winter of Rockies Zebulon Pike con’t • Accused of being a spy and stripped of his papers . • Escorted out of Spanish territory • Wrote a book about his journeys “described New Mexicans as warm and hospitable • Painted a glowing picture of their land (fertile) On the left side of your notes create a: COMMEMORATIVE PLAQUE for Zebulon Pike that: 1) praises his leadership in exploring the Southwest from the perspective of the US government. WANTED POSTER that: 1) represents the attitudes of the Spanish authorities toward Pike and his expedition On the left side of your notes create …. • A COMMEMORATIVE PLAQUE for Zebulon Pike that: – praises his leadership in exploring the Southwest from the perspective of the US government. • A WANTED POSTER that: – represents the attitudes of the Spanish authorities toward Pike and his expedition Picture showing the opening of the Trans-Appalachian west • Ppl. were streaming across the Appalachian Mts. • Early settlers cleared the forests to create farms. • Diverse group: – settlers – land dealers – Outlaws – Utopian societies (like hippies) The Earth 1776 -1850 Trans-Appalachian West • Cotton Gin accelerated the migration • Improvements in transportation increased migration – National Road – Steamboats (up river & down river) Manifest Destiny Personified • Millions of people moved west between 1800-1840 • Led to the creation of many new states • As states were added people tended to believe it was destiny. • It seemed that God choose their country to spread freedom and US civilization across Miss. R. & beyond. • Would have to overcome First Nations, Spanish, Mexicans, and British.
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