EU- Enlargement

Document Sample
EU- Enlargement Powered By Docstoc
					 PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
 UEAPME - SME FIT II


Environmental Protection:
“European legislative framework in the field of Environment”
Markus Stahl, HWK München




 This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
 its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Introduction

    Basic principles of EU-environmental policy:


          Prevention and avoidance of ecological pollution is the basic principle of
           European environmental policy

          No support of “end of pipe”- technologies is intended, but the development and
           use of
           - resource- and environmentally friendly methods,
           - products and services,

          which pursues the aim of introducing and developing optimized cycles of
           materials and processes ( integrated product policy)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Environmental Action Programmes (EAP): Focus areas of the 6th
      EAP (2002-2012)

       Climate change

       Nature and biological diversity

       Environment and health

       Natural resources and waste

        with seven thematic strategies:
        air, waste and recycling, marine environment, soil, pesticides, natural
        resources, rural development




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     SMEs in the EU

         SMEs have less than 250 employees

         23 Mio SMEs in EU (99 % of all enterprises)

         Represent 57 % of the total economic added value




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Legal situation – no exceptions for SMEs …

    Which responsibilities result from environmental policy?

     Regulations : super-ordinate law for all EU- member states - obligatory
    for SMEs, e.g. European regulations have the character of minimal
    standards and have to be followed by all.
     Directives are at the moment still facultative – but will in the medium-
    term after a period of transition become compulsive as well;
    e.g. disposal of cars and producer liability for components.
    Thereby they will become obligatory also for SMEs on a medium-term
    perspective.
     Resolutions:
    SMEs which have direct contact with hazardous substance have to
    comply to the already existing resolutions.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
    Fields of environmental legislation in the EU


 Air quality, emissions                           Chemicals
   trading and noise                               (REACH)                             Energy




                                                             Water

                     Waste



                                                                           Greener products
    Environmental
     management
                             Life Cycle Assessment
                             Corporate Social
                             Responsibility




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Air quality, emissions trading and noise



     Areas relevant to SMEs:



               Emissions of atmospheric pollution
               Volatile organic compounds
               Industrial plants
               Emissions trading
               Noise




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Areas relevant to SMEs


Emissions of atmospheric pollution

              National emission ceilings to be in force by 2010 for 4 pollutants – sulphur
              dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOC)
              and ammonia (NH3).

              Authorities have to draw up national inventories of these pollutants and
              take steps to minimise them.

       UE Legislation:
        Directive 2001/81/EC on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric
         pollutants.
        2001/744/EC: amending Annex V to Council Directive 1999/30/EC relating to limit
         values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate
         matter and lead in ambient air




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Areas relevant to SMEs


Volatile organic compounds

                 Equipment and businesses that store significant amounts of petrol
                 must ensure that their premises and equipment meet certain
                 technical specifications.
                 Companies in sectors that use organic solvents for coating,
                 cleaning, printing, refining vegetable oils, wood impregnating or
                 laminating have to register their operations, conform with emission
                 limits, work towards their reduction and replace the most
                 dangerous substances with safer alternatives.
 UE Legislation:
  Directive 94/63/EC on the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions
   resulting from the storage of petrol and its distribution from terminals to service
   stations




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Areas relevant to SMEs


   Volatile organic compounds

                  Use of decorative paints, varnishes and vehicle refinishing products
                  that contain volatile organic compounds: maximum concentrations
                  for such chemicals in the products are identified



UE Legislation:

 Directive 1999/13/EC on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due
  to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations
 Directive 2004/42/CE on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due
  to the use of organic solvents in certain paints and varnishes and vehicle refinishing
  products and amending Directive 1999/13/EC




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
   Integrated pollution prevention and control: IPPC Directive


     The EU defines the obligations with which highly polluting industrial and
      agricultural activities must comply
     Procedure for authorising these activities and sets minimum requirements
      to be included in all permits, (pollutants released)




  The aim is to prevent or reduce pollution of the atmosphere, water and soil, as
      well as the quantities of waste arising from industrial and agricultural
         installations to ensure a high level of environmental protection.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
    Incentives for IPPC installations

    If an operator adopts a minimal approach to compliance, then
    some opportunity for environmental improvement will be lost.
    However, certain tools may be used to encourage or support
    performance beyond regulatory compliance.




   Incentives for innovation, emissions trading, economic instruments such
    as tax relief, graduated charging schemes, environmental management
              systems, administrative relief and voluntary schemes




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
  Areas relevant to SMEs


EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)

              It is designed to reduce CO2 emissions and help the EU Member States meet their
              commitments under the Kyoto Protocol in a cost effective manner.

              Installations typology: combustion plants, oil refineries, coke ovens, iron and steel
              plants, and factories making cement, glass, lime, brick, ceramics, pulp and paper.

              Allowances to industrial plants to emit certain amounts of CO2 („National
              Allocation Plan (NAP)

              Companies can buy or sell emissions allowances on a market system,
              giving a financial incentive to lower emissions and ensuring that the
              targets are achieved at the least cost.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Areas relevant to SMEs

 Noise

               Uniformity rules in a number of areas – limiting noise levels from outdoor
               machinery, road and rail transport, aircrafts and protecting people at work.

               Manufacturers have to ensure that the equipment that they produce complies
               with uniform noise standards and label them appropriately. Users must ensure
               their equipment meets these standards.

               Employers have a responsibility to provide protection to workers when noise is
               above a certain level in their workplace
UE Legislation:

  DIRECTIVE 2002/49/EC relating to the assessment and management of environmental
  noise




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Chemical products: the REACH Directive


         The EU's new chemicals legislation REACH: Registration,
         Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals.


                                       a single integrated system for the
                                        registration, evaluation and authorisation
                                        of chemicals
                                       with the objective to improve health and
                                        environment protection whilst maintaining
                                        chemicals industry‟s competitiveness and
                                        innovation




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Reach

  REACH commits firms manufacturing and importing chemicals:

          to evaluate risks resulting from their use
          to take the necessary steps to manage any identified risk

  Users of chemicals:

           must apply risk management measures for certain substances and
            provide information on how they use substances to their
            suppliers.


         Business must prove that substances that they produce or use are
          safe




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
  ECHA, the new European Chemicals Agency



         Location                       Helsinki, Finland




Objectives related                       To run the system databases
    to REACH
                                         To co-ordinate the in-depth evaluation of
                                         suspicious chemicals
                                         To run a public informational database for
                                         consumers and practitioners




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
   REACH benefits and commitments for SMEs


  Advantages                     More systematic identification of hazards and risks of chemicals.

                                 Single EU regulation for all chemicals, providing clear deadlines
                                  for decision-making and possibly enhancing the consumer‟s
                                     confidence in chemical products.


Commitments                       Companies annually manufacturing/importing one tonne or
                                   more of a chemical substance are required to register it in a
                                   central database at the European Chemicals Agency.

                                  REACH implementation preparatory steps:
                                     • 1. To nominate a REACH manager
                                     • 2. To be aware of information sources
                                     • 3. To identify the company‟s obligations under REACH




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Energy efficiency

               Several pieces of legislation and programmes at an EU and
                                 national level aim to …




                      Provide cleaner energy and improve the security of
                    energy supply increasing the share of renewable energy



                   There are uniform standards set for the efficiency of
                     commercial properties and their heating and air-
                                 conditioning equipment.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Energy efficiency

POLICY ORIENTATIONS                     Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (2007-12)
                                        Green paper on energy efficiency




                                            EU objectives is to increase the energy
                                                  efficiency by 20% by 2020
       Smes can contribute to this target in two ways:

       1) increasing energy efficiency in their own company by investing in the best available
          technology and by improving energy efficiency of their buildings
       2) providing services to increase the energy efficiency of buildings and other
          companies




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
       Delivering energy efficiency : Main Legislation

       Directive 2002/91/EC on the energy performance of buildings

       Directive 2004/8/EC promoting the combined generation of heat and electricity

       Directive 2005/32/EC Eco-design directive to increase energy savings from
        domestic appliances (fridges, hairdryers, etc.)

       Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services applies to
        supply and distribution of electricity, gas, heating and fuels to households,
        transport and industrial consumers

       Other EU measures include: energy-efficiency requirements for boilers and
        refrigerators; labelling requirements for refrigerators, air-conditioners; Labelling
        for office equipment (Energy Star); Directive on taxation of energy products and
        electricity.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Initiatives

           Intelligent energy Europe: EU funding mechanism for energy efficiency measures
           Office Equipment: Energy Star Programme – a voluntary energy labelling
            programme for office equipment
           The Green Building Programme: a voluntary programme aiming at improving the
            energy efficiency of non-residential buildings
           Codes of Conduct: a voluntary agreement for the reduction of stand-by losses for
            External Power Supplies and for Digital TV Services
           The GreenLight Programme: an inititive encouraging non residential electricity
            consumers to install energy-efficient lighting technologies in their facilities
           The European Motor Challenge Programme: a voluntary inititive to help
            industrial companies in improving energy efficiency of their electric motor driven
            systems




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Environmental management




            Eco-management and Audit Scheme
            Life Cycle Assessments
            Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility (CSR)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Example for Regulations: EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme)


                                        EMAS regulation, 2001




               Set up of a Community eco-management and audit
                scheme (EMAS), aiming at promoting a continuous
                 improvement of the environmental performance of
                organisations, together with providing the public and
                         interested parties with information.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     EMAS for SMEs

         Advantages

          Introduction and implementation of
           environmental management systems;
          Objective and periodical system assessment;
          Training and active involvement of the staff;
          Provision of information to the public and the
           other interested parties.
         EMAS SME toolkit

          Simplified tool for SMEs with a step-by-step explanation of how to be
           awarded of an EMAS registration;
         http://ec.europa.eu/environment/emas/toolkit/




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     EMAS Regulation revision


         Timing

            Foreseen by 2010

         Objectives

                To raise attractiveness for SMEs by reduction of the
                 administrative burden for companies
                To simplify access to EMAS for company-clusters
                To reduce procedural requirements by cutting red tape.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Other Environmental management Systems

          Life Cycle Assessments

          Life Cycle Assessment is an objective process to evaluate the environmental
          burdens associated with a product, process, or activity by identifying energy and
          materials used and wastes released to the environment, and to evaluate and
          implement opportunities to affect environmental improvements

          Corporate Social and Environmental
          Responsibility

            Companies can integrate social and environmental concerns into their business
            operations through application of the Corporate Social Responsibility concept

            UE Commission launched “Responsibility among SMes” awareness campaign




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Greener products



              Green Public Procurement
              Ecolabel
              Ecodesign
              eWaste




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Green Public Procurement

            "Green public procurement means that public purchasers take
                account of environmental factors when buying products,
                                  services or works”


     Directives on EU procurement offer scope for the contracting authorities to
        consider environmental issues

      Directive 2004/18 on the coordination of procedures for the award of public works
       contracts, public supply contracts and public services contracts («classical directive
       »)
      Directive 2004/17 on the coordination of procurement procedures of entities
       ,operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sector (“special
       sectors” directive).




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Typology of products, services or work

   energy efficient computers or buildings
   office equipment made of environmentally sustainable timber
   recyclable paper
   electric cars
   environmentally friendly public transport
   organic food canteens
   electricity stemming from renewable energy sources,
   air conditioning systems complying with state of the art environmental
    solutions



    Innovative and eco-efficient SMEs can take advantage of the possibilities
                     offered by green public procurement




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     EC Regulation on eco-labels

      Main aims

        Promotion of products with a reduced environmental impact, if compared
         with other products in the same product group;
        Provision of consumers with accurate and scientifically based information
         and guidance on products.

      Objectives of the foreseen EU regulation revision

       Set up of a more business friendly system involving key stakeholders in the
        decision making process.
       Outsourcing of routine criteria development to a dedicated body
       Closer link between Eco-label and green procurement
       Reduction of the procedural burden for the Commission



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Ecolabel

       SMEs can promote its products through the eco-label
         The eco-label can be a way to draw new attention to
         SMEs and to improve their image.

         The Regulation contains specific measures to encourage
         SMEs to take part in the scheme:
           reduced fees,
           consultation procedures open to SMEs,
           testing and verification requirements adapted to
            SMEs' capabilities.



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
  Eco-design Directive


       Environmentally-friendly Design of Energy-using Products:
     Framework Directive for Setting Eco-design Requirements for
                     Energy-using Products (EUP)


 Concrete application of the Integrated Product Policy(IPP)
 Definition of principles, conditions and criteria for setting environmental
  requirements for energy-using appliances (ecodesign)
 No direct provision for mandatory requirements for specific products; this
  will be done at a later stage for given products via implementing measures
  which will apply following consultations with interested parties and an
  impact assessment.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
  The Eco-design Directive and SMEs




  The development of European programmes will take account of the SME-
   aimed initiatives to improve energy efficiency in the design of their
   products.

  Member States will also encourage this type of business to adopt an
   environmentally sound approach through their support structures and
   networks.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Waste

       Businesses have to ensure that the
           waste they produce is treated
              in an efficient, safe and
            environmentally friendly way


   Specific legislation exists on waste from:

       Batteries (Directive 2006/66/EC)
       Packaging (Directive 94/62/EC)
       Electrical and electronic equipment (Directive 2002/96/EC )
       Oils (Directive 75/439/EEC and amendments)
       End-of-life vehicles (Directive 2005/64/EC)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
“Thematic Strategy on the prevention and recycling of waste"


                                               Sets out guidelines and describes measures aimed at reducing
       This strategy:                           the pressure on the environment caused by waste production
                                                and management.



                                           Amendment of the legislation to improve implementation:
       Main trust on:                      Prevention of waste and promotion of effective recycling.



                                          To reduce the negative impact on the environment that is
                                           caused by waste throughout its life-span, from production
       Overall aims:                       to disposal, via recycling.
                                          Every item of waste is seen not only as a source of pollution
                                           to be reduced, but also as a potential resource to be
                                           exploited




 This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
 its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Waste Framework Directive (DIRECTIVE 2006/12/EC)



            Simplification of the waste legislation by clarifying
             definitions, streamlining provisions and integrating
             directives on hazardous waste and on waste oils;

            Improvement of the recycling market by setting
             environmental standards that specify the
             circumstances in which certain recycled waste is no
             longer considered waste.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     eWaste

                                               Aims to increase recycling of waste electrical
      WEEE Directive on
                                               and electronic equipment this material at the
     waste electrical and
         electronic                           end of its useful life and ensure that hazardous
         equipment                                      chemicals are treated safely

                                                1. Large household appliances
                                                2. Small household appliances
                                                3. IT and telecommunications equipment
                                                4. Consumer equipment
         10 categories                          5. Lighting equipment
                                                6. Electrical and electronic tools
                                                7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment
                                                8. Medical devices
                                                9. Monitoring and control equipment
                                                10. Automatic dispensers.



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     eWaste


         Consumers                            Must be able to return their equipment
                                              free of charge


                                              Must be able to return their equipment
   Retails of equipment
                                              free of charge


                                               Must provide information to their
         Businesses                            customers about how they can do this, and
                                               are responsible for establishing take-back
                                               schemes, either in-store or at common
                                               collection points




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Implications for SMEs

          The WEEE Regulations have a number of implications for producers of WEEE and
           distributors of EEE (often seen as retailers).
          The Directive has serious financial, marketing and design implications for EEE
           companies. Major companies operating in the sector have already developed
           their market responses and re-designed products are already coming into
           production.

          There are no exemptions for SMEs under the WEEE Directive

          Most of the financial burden relating to the recycling and recovery of WEEE fall
           on the importers, most of whom are SMEs.

          For example, Small electrical or electronical equipment with low prices (such
           as PC-mouses, electrical toothbrushes, alarm clocks, etc.....) are
           produced/imported by SMEs.

          Several scheme to support (WEEE) Directive implementation (example The
           European Recycling Platform - http://www.erp-recycling.org/)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     eWaste


                                                 The ROHS directive is complementary
        RoHS Directive                      to the WEEE directive and seeks to reduce the
                                                   environmental impact of WEEE by
                                         restricting the use of certain hazardous substances.



                 Producers need to demonstrate their products do not contain
                   more than the maximum permitted levels of:
                  Lead,
                  Mercury,
                  Cadmium,
                  Hexavalent chromium,
                  Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Water protection and management


      See and oceans cover more than 70% of the planet and
       produce about three-quaters of the oxigen we breathe
      Neverthless, we can use only 1% of the total water and human
       activities provoke a pressure on it
      Water polluted come back to the environment and can
       damage human healthy




                  Main legislation: Water framework directive



This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Framework Directive in the field of water policy


        Directive 2000/60/EC of the EU Parliament and of the Council of 23
       October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the
                               field of water policy




                       management of inland surface waters
                       groundwater
                       transitional waters
                       coastal waters




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Urban wastewater

    Directive 91/271/EEC concerning urban waste-water treatment

           Milk-processing
           Fruit and vegetable production
           The manufacture and bottling of soft drinks
           Potato-processing
           The meat industry
           Breweries and makers of alcoholic beverages
           The manufacture of animal feed from plant products
           The manufacture of gelatine and of glue from hides, skin and bones
           Malt-houses
           Fish-processing




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Discharges of dangerous substances

          Discharges of dangerous substances                                Integrated pollution
                                                                          prevention and control:
                                                                               IPPC Directive
            Pollution from industrial plants




                                                                         Directive of 12 December
                Pollution from agriculture                                  1991 Concerning the
                                                                        protection of waters against
                                                                        pollution caused by nitrates
                                                                         from agricultural sources




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
      Soil

             Industrial processes, agriculture and commercial activities can all
                     degrade the quality of soil, resulting in erosion and
               contamination. Chemicals and pollution getting into the soil can
                               affect water and human health.


    Commission Communication on Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection COM(2006)231

                  Framework and common objectives to prevent soil degradation
   Legislative framework for soil protection and sustainable use
   Increasing public awareness
   Member States to adopt measures tailored to their local needs
   Measures to identify problems, prevent soil degradation and remediate polluted or
    degraded soil




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Better regulation: a key objective of the EU strategy

    The regulatory framework should be simple and of high quality.
               Hence the need for “Better Regulation”



     Simplifying environmental legislation while preserving high
                      environmental standards

          A series of initiatives of administrative simplification
        maintaining high level of protection of the environment at
                         reduced costs to business



                                                             BEST Expert Group Study




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
  Simplifying the Implementation of Environmental Regulation

                                              BEST Report

            simplification and streamline measures = reduction of burdens

                                          Recommendations
   Identify and quantify the biggest regulatory burdens, with the co-operation of the
    stakeholder groups, where possible, in order to plan and adopt targeted
    simplification measures.
   Ensure that all legal instruments are easily understood, implemented, enforced and
    monitored, providing clear guidance to companies in their environmental legislation
    compliance.
   Increase the use of IT tools for a wide range of regulatory activities (i.e. monitoring,
    reporting, permitting and inspection processes, etc.)
   Focus regulation on those activities with the greatest risk to health or the
    environment.




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
UEAPME - SME FIT II

Thank you!
Environmental Protection:
“European Environmental Policy – Impacts on SMEs”
Markus Stahl,
HWK München




This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:11/6/2011
language:English
pages:49