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					Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname          Date            Charges              Sanction         Political motivation      Accused in   Irregularities


Mkrtich Sapeyan 29-Jan-08          Article 258           Imprisonment for Member of "Republic"
                                   (Hooliganism).        2 years.         Party,
                                                                          Talin Campaign
                                                                          Headquarters.
Sapeyan Zhora      29-Jan-08       Article 258           Imprisonment for ANM member, Head of
                                   (Hooliganism).        2 years.         the
                                                                          Maralik Campaign
                                                                          Headquarters.
Urutyan            19-Feb-08       Article 149           Imprisonment for Head of the Gyumri
Harutyun                           (Hindrance to         6 years.         Branch of YVU, former
                                   implementation                         Chief of Military Police in
                                   of the right to                        Gyumri, Proxy
                                   elect, to the work
                                   of election
                                   commissions or
                                   to the
                                   implementation
                                   of the authority of
                                   the person
                                   participating in
                                   elections),
                                   Article 112
                                   (Infliction of
                                   willful heavy
                                   damage to health).




                                                                              1
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname          Date            Charges           Sanction        Political motivation      Accused in   Irregularities


Saghatelyan        1-Mar-08        Article 316 (       Imprisonment for Head of the Ani
Mushegh                            Violence against    5 years.         Campaign Headquarters,
                                   a representative                     member of "Vogu
                                   of authorities);                     Pordzutyun" NGO, former
                                   Article 235                          Head of the Detention
                                   (Illegal                             Centre Department of the
                                   procurement,                         Ministry of Internal
                                   transportation or                    Affairs, Proxy
                                   carrying of
                                   weapons,
                                   ammunition,
                                   explosives or
                                   explosive
                                   devices).


Manukyan Ashot 1-Mar-08            Article 316       Imprisonment for   Head of the Lori Branch
                                   (Violence against 5 years.           of ANM, Head of the Lori
                                   a representative                     Campaign Headquarters,
                                   of authorities).                     Proxy

Hovhanisyan Ara 1-Mar-08           Article 225 (Mass Imprisonment for Alternative Civic Political
                                   disorder); Article 9 years.        Initiative, Proxy
                                   238 (Theft or
                                   extortion of
                                   weapons,
                                   ammunition,
                                   explosives and
                                   explosive
                                   devices).




                                                                           2
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname          Date            Charges           Sanction         Political motivation   Accused in          Irregularities


Gabrielyan         3-Mar-08        Article 225        Imprisonment for Participant of
Gabriel                            (Mass disorder);   7 years.         demonstrations

Bareghamyan        9-Mar-08        316 (Violence      Imprisonment for Activist, Aparan
Aram                               against a          6 years.
                                   representative of
                                   authorities);
                                   Article 112
                                   (Infliction of
                                   willful heavy
                                   damage to health).


Mikayelyan         12-Mar-08       Article 225 (Mass Imprisonment for Member of National                       pre-trial detention has been
Sasun                              disorder 235/1,2) 8 years.         Assembly, Chairman of                    extended four times (two
                                                                      "Vogu Pordzutyun" NGO.                   month each) without
                                                                                                               establishing necessity. The
                                                                                                               indictment contains no
                                                                                                               evidence that the accused
                                                                                                               have personally ordered,
                                                                                                               abetted or assisted the
                                                                                                               committing acts of violence.



Pashinyan Nikol 1-Jul-09           Article 225.1,     Pretrial           Editor-in-Chief of
                                   225/1, 316.1       Detention.         "Haykakan Zhamanak"
                                                                         Daily Newspaper
Hatspanian Sargis November         Article 333 (False Imprisonment for
                                   crime reporting). 3 years.

Galstyan                           Article 206          Imprisonment for Entrepreneur
Shmavon                            (Evasion from        6 years.
                                   taxes by a citizen).


                                                                           3
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname          Date            Charges             Sanction         Political motivation   Accused in   Irregularities


Mnatsakanyan                       Article 225 (Mass    Imprisonment for Activist
Roman                              disorder).           3 years.
Gevorgyan Felix                    Article 225 (Mass    Imprisonment for Participant of
                                   disorder); Article   7 years.         demonstrations
                                   235 (Illegal
                                   procurement,
                                   transportation or
                                   carrying of
                                   weapons,
                                   ammunition,
                                   explosives or
                                   explosive
                                   devices); Article
                                   238 (Theft or
                                   extortion of
                                   weapons,
                                   ammunition,
                                   explosives and
                                   explosive
                                   devices).




Bojolyan Murad                     Article 59           Imprisonment for Former Officer at
                                                        10 years.        Ministry of Foreign
                                                                         Affairs, Levon Ter-
                                                                         Petrossian's translator




                                                                             4
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges               Sanction             Political motivation            Accused in               Irregularities


Jikia John         02.10.07             Criminal Code article    Imprisonment for      Member of Zugdidi              Drugs were taken off     Taking out the drugs
                                        236-1 (wearing           7 years.              administration from            during the arrest when   were
                                        the weapon);                                   conservative party             Jikia was in taxi in     attending only
                                        Criminal Code article                          (opposition).                  Zugdidi.                 policemen and
                                        260-2 (keeping                                 After 28th September, 2007     Weapon was taken off     no witnesses.
                                        drugs);                                        demonstration was organizing   during the search of     Before the fact of
                                                                                       transportation of supporters   the                      taking out
                                                                                       of                             house.                   the weapon the
                                                                                       opposition from Samegrelo                               policeman
                                                                                       region to Tbilisi                                       went into the house. A
                                                                                                                                               neighbor noticed him
                                                                                                                                               and
                                                                                                                                               later testified about that.
                                                                                                                                               After that testimony
                                                                                                                                               Jikia was
                                                                                                                                               discharged in keeping
                                                                                                                                               weapon
                                                                                                                                               but investigation didn’t
                                                                                                                                               find
                                                                                                                                               out how that weapon
                                                                                                                                               appeared in the house.




Dzirkvadze         02.11.09             part 2 of article 180,   pretrial detention.
Merab                                   article 210




                                                                                   5
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation               Accused in               Irregularities


Kobaladze Koba 05.05.09                 part 2 of article 315 of pretrial detention.   Koba Kobaladze, former           Kobaladze’s name          The only evidence into
                                        the Criminal Code of                           commander of the National        was first mentioned in    the case is Gia
                                        Georgia (coup or                               Guards, was actively             the video footage         Gvaladze’s testimony
                                        mutiny for forceful                            involved in organizing the       released by the           and the hidden video
                                        changing of the                                protest rallies. Under the       Interior Ministry of      footage of his
                                        constitutional system of                       existing practice, the           Georgia, where Gia        conversation. There are
                                        Georgia);                                      authorities frequently use a     Gvaladze, former          no evidences proving
                                                                                       theme of organizing a mutiny     chief of the Defense      Kobaladze’s guilt.
                                                                                       by Russia against the            Ministry’s special        Noteworthy that Gia
                                                                                       background of mass protest       purpose unit Delta, is    Gvaladze has
                                                                                       rallies ongoing in the           talking about             undergone a serious
                                                                                       country. The two-hour            organizing a mutiny in    operation on his scalp
                                                                                       mutiny on the Mukhrovani         various military units    and he has been
                                                                                       military base has coincided      of Georgia. This latter   undergoing treatment
                                                                                       with the opposition’s plans      said: “We were in         in the psychiatric clinic
                                                                                       to picket central highways.      Mtskheta five days        for years. Meanwhile,
                                                                                       The same happened during         ago and six generals      the court has rejected
                                                                                       the 2007 protest rallies, when   were sitting there –      the solicitation on
                                                                                       the Interior Ministry released   Koba Kobaladze,           questioning the
                                                                                       video footage, in which some     Karkarashvili,            witnesses, who could
                                                                                       opposition leaders were          Pirtskhalaishvili,        have confirmed that
                                                                                       allegedly talking with           Tevzadze, Uchadze         Kobaladze was not
                                                                                       Russian agents. However, no      and Gia Krialashvili,     attending the meeting
                                                                                       criminal charges have been       the man who set up        mentioned by Gvaladze.
                                                                                       brought against any of these     “White Giorgi” and
                                                                                       persons until now.               “Mkhedrioni” in the
                                                                                       Kobaladze had a personal         past. The seventh was
                                                                                       conflict with President          Jemal Gakhokidze.
                                                                                       Saakashvili. On the day of       That is what I saw and




                                                                                   6
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                 Sanction            Political motivation             Accused in             Irregularities


Melikidze          05.05.09             Part 1 article 236 of      pretrial detention. Captain, former officer of the   He is charged for       Melikidze was cruelly
Teimuraz                                Criminal Code                                  military police.                 keeping fire arms and   beaten in the presence
                                        (wearing weapon);                              Koba Otanadze is the             grenades in his own     of his wife and three
                                                                                       godfather of Melikidze’s         cellar and house.       children by about 30
                                                                                       youngest child.                                          police officers who
                                                                                       Police tortured Melikidze to                             were wearing masks,
                                                                                       force him admit that he                                  after which he was
                                                                                       bought the gun found in his                              arrested. There were no
                                                                                       house search in agreement                                witnesses during the
                                                                                       with Otanadze and for the                                search of Melikidze’s
                                                                                       purpose of using it in                                   house.Melikidze’s
                                                                                       Mukhrovani revolt.                                       neighbours were not
                                                                                       After giving the testimony                               allowed to attend the
                                                                                       under the pressure of police,                            search (despite their
                                                                                       Melikidze wants to give the                              intention to
                                                                                       correct testimony but his                                participate).
                                                                                       request is not satisfied.                                Investigation was
                                                                                                                                                launched against the
                                                                                                                                                investigator of
                                                                                                                                                Melikidze’s case under
                                                                                                                                                the charge of exceeding
                                                                                                                                                authority.Dactiloscopic
                                                                                                                                                expertise on found
                                                                                                                                                guns didn’t take place.
                                                                                                                                                Petition of the defence
                                                                                                                                                on appointing the
                                                                                                                                                expertise was rejected.


Maisaia            05.05.09             parts 1 and 2 of article   pretrial detention.
Vakhtang                                314 of the criminal
                                        code (espionege)




                                                                                     7
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction           Political motivation             Accused in               Irregularities


Goginashvili       05.06.09             Part 3 of article 109 of pretrial detention. Movement ,,9 April~.            Criminal behavior of      The only evidence in
Shalva                                  the criminal code of                                                         Goginashvili is           the case is the
                                        Georgia;Part 3 of article                                                    expressed in              testimonies of
                                        239 of the Criminal                                                          wounding the              policemen. There is a
                                        Code of Georgia                                                              policeman with side-      video record in the
                                        (hooliganism);                                                               arms during the           case which shows this
                                                                                                                     incident at Purtseladze   incident. It is evident
                                                                                                                     street, May 28.           from the video that
                                                                                                                                               Goginashvili has not
                                                                                                                                               side-arm in his hands.
                                                                                                                                               Moreover, no side-arm
                                                                                                                                               were found. Policemen
                                                                                                                                               participating in the
                                                                                                                                               fight were dressed in
                                                                                                                                               civil clothes.



Davitadze          05.11.08             part 2 of article 260 of   Imprisonment for   Frontier police staff when     His criminal act          Davitadze was forced
Bezhan                                  the Criminal Code of       9 years            Bitsadze (Democratic           considers                 to drink water with
                                        Georgia (keeping                              movement – for United          purchase/keeping of       narcotic substance
                                        drugs);                                       Georgia, husband of the        Subotex. This narcotic    mixture in it. Medical
                                                                                      movement leader Nino           substance was taken       expertise was
                                                                                      Burjanadze).                   out from Davitadze’s      conducted to identify
                                                                                      The investigation placed him   body search without       affect of the narcotic
                                                                                      under pressure to give         the presence of the       substance. Davitadze
                                                                                      testimony against Badri        witnesses.                had never been
                                                                                      Bitsadze.                                                observed in such
                                                                                                                                               behaviour in the past.




                                                                                  8
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges            Sanction           Political motivation        Accused in               Irregularities


Vachnadze Melor 06.05.09.               Parts 1 and 2 of article                  Member of the April 9      The three young          The only evidence in
                                        239 of the Criminal                       Organizing Committee.      activists were accused   the case is a video
                                        Code of Georgia                                                      of insulting and         footage. The detainees
                                        (hooliganism), bail –                                                beating Nikoloz          (including 15-year-old
                                        GEL 2000.                                                            Avaliani, a journalist   Revaz Revazishvili)
                                                                                                             from the Georgian        have got severe injuries
                                                                                                             Public Broadcaster.      in their heads and
                                                                                                                                      necks. It should be
                                                                                                                                      noted, that along with
                                                                                                                                      physical insulting,
                                                                                                                                      police officers were
                                                                                                                                      also insulting the
                                                                                                                                      detainees verbally
                                                                                                                                      accompanied by
                                                                                                                                      humiliating and amoral
                                                                                                                                      actions by police (the
                                                                                                                                      police arranged “a
                                                                                                                                      shame corridor” for the
                                                                                                                                      detainees and forced
                                                                                                                                      them to pass through it.
                                                                                                                                      Moreover, Revazishvili
                                                                                                                                      said that police officers
                                                                                                                                      threatened him with
                                                                                                                                      raping). Later, all the
                                                                                                                                      three detainees were
                                                                                                                                      released through the
                                                                                                                                      mediation of Georgian
                                                                                                                                      Patriarch Ilia II.




                                                                              9
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation             Accused in                Irregularities


Tsiklauri Gocha    06.06.09             parts 1 and 2 of article   Imprisonment for    Former employee of the          He is accused of          The petition of defence
                                        236 of the Criminal        3 year.             armament department at          illegal buying, keeping   on conducting the
                                        Code of Georgia                                MOIA; Member of the             and carrying              dactiloscopic expertise
                                        (purchase, keeping of                          ,,Democratic Movement -         unregistered pistol       was rejected. The
                                        firearms);                                     United Georgia~.                found in the body         search was carried out
                                                                                                                       search of Tsiklauri.      without the presence of
                                                                                                                                                 witnesses and a lawyer.
Topuria Maia       06.09.06             Part of the Article 315, Imprisonment for      Maia Topuria is a niece of      Maia Topuria is           The arrest was shot
                                                                                                                                                 According to the
                                        25; I Part of the Article 8 years and 6        the wife of the former          accused of                version of the
                                        236 (a conspiracy to       months.             Security Minister of Georgia,   organization of a         prosecution Igor
                                        overthrow the state                            Chairman of the Party           conspiracy and revolt,    Giorgadze assigned
                                        authority and                                  “Samartlianoba” Igor            assigned to her by the    Maia Topuria to
                                        usurpation, conspiracy                         Giorgadze.                      former Security           organize a conspiracy
                                        in the form of a revolt,                       Igor Giorgadze is prosecuted    Minister of Georgia,      and revolt.
Talakhadze         06.09.06             instigation to illegal 315
                                        I Part of the Article                          A organization of an act of
                                                                                       forleader of the oppositional   Chairman of the Party     The only evidence of
                                                                                                                                                 Vakhtang Talakhadze
Vakhtang                                of the Criminal Code of Imprisonment for       political association                                     did not know members
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy 4 years and 6            “Georgian Movement”; a                                    of the Party
                                        to overthrow the state  months.                member of the Parliament of                               “Samartlianoba” and
                                        authority and                                  Georgia of 1992-1995 and                                  10 from among 11
                                        usurpation).                                   1995-1999 convocations;                                   persons, who were
                                                                                       one of the leaders of the                                 detained together with
Zhorzholiani       06.09.06             I Part of the Article      Imprisonment for    Georgian National
                                                                                       Chairman of the                                           him. This 29th is April,
                                                                                                                                                 Since the fact of
Teimuraz                                315, 18; II Part of the    7 years             “Conservative (Monarchist)                                2006, till the 5th of
                                        Article 315 of the                             Party of Georgia”; a member                               May Teimuraz
                                        Criminal Code of                               of the Parliament of Georgia                              Zhorzholiani had a
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy                          of 1992-1995 convocation;                                 course of medical
                                        to overthrow the state                         one of the leaders of the                                 treatment at the
                                        authority and                                  Georgian National                                         Chapidze Cardiologic
                                        usurpation; a                                  Movement.                                                 Clinic, therefore he
                                        conspiracy in the form                                                                                   could not have been at




                                                                                  10
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                 Sanction            Political motivation            Accused in             Irregularities


Davitaia Zaza      06.09.06             I Part of the Article 315 Imprisonment for      A member of the
                                        of the Criminal Code of 4 years and 6           administration of the
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                   Political Association “XXI
                                        to overthrow the state                          Century – Language,
                                        authority and                                   Motherland, Creed”; a
                                        usurpation).                                    journalist; an active member
                                                                                        of the Georgian National
Bulia Revaz        06.09.06             I Part of the Article 315 Imprisonment for      Movement
                                                                                        Political Secretary of the
                                        of the Criminal Code of 4 years and 6           Political Association
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                   “Samartlianoba”; a member
                                        to overthrow the state                          of the Zugdidi City Council.
                                        authority and
                                        usurpation).                                    The police and security
                                                                                        authorities used to threaten
Metreveli Georg 06.09.06                I Part of the Article 315 Imprisonment for      Revaz Bulia becauseof the
                                                                                        Executive Secretary of his                            It should be
                                        of the Criminal Code of 4 years and 6           Political Association                                 emphasized that Giorgi
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                   “Samartlianoba”                                       Metreveli did not
                                        to overthrow the state                                                                                attend the meeting, at
                                        authority and                                                                                         which, as if, the
                                        usurpation).                                                                                          conspiracy was
                                                                                                                                              planned. His guilt was
Kantaria           06.09.06             Criminal Code of            Imprisonment for    Curator of the Youth          The investigation       shown in that he asked
                                                                                                                                              Neither during the
Kakhaber                                Georgia: The I Part of      8 years.            Organization of the Political withdrew 29 units of    preliminary
                                        the Article 315, 18; II                         Association “Samartlianoba”. firearms and 29          investigation, nor at the
                                        Part of the Article 315,                                                      chargers, 1 unit of     trial the prosecution
                                        25; I Part of the Article                                                     machine gun; 4960       and judges asked him
                                        236 (a conspiracy to                                                          cartridges, 23          or Maia Topuria any
                                        overthrow the state                                                           grenades, 29 units of   question concerning
                                        authority and                                                                 trotyl, 6 units of      where, when from




                                                                                   11
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                 Charges               Sanction             Political motivation        Accused in   Irregularities


Kvinikadze         06.09.06             I Part of the Article 315 Imprisonment for    Chairman of the Youth
Iakob (Koka)                            of the Criminal Code of 4 years and 6         Organization of the Political
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                 Association “Samartlianoba”.
                                        to overthrow the state
                                        authority and                                 Before imprisonment Jacob
                                        usurpation).                                  Kvinikadze sought for
                                                                                      political shelter in Germany,
Samnidze Ramaz 06.09.06                 Criminal Code of          Imprisonment for    as the government regime
                                                                                      Chairman of the Adzharia
                                        Georgia: The I Part of    7 years.            Regional Organization of the
                                        the Article 315, 18; II                       Political Association
                                        Part of the Article 315                       “Samartlianoba”
                                        (a conspiracy to
                                        overthrow the state                           Before his detention the
                                        authority and                                 police and the security
Akhobadze          06.09.06             usurpation, conspiracy Imprisonment for
                                        I Part of the Article 315                     authorities used to threaten,
                                                                                      A member of the Samtredia
Georg                                   of the Criminal Code of 4 years and 6         Regional Organization of the
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                 Political Association
                                        to overthrow the state                        “Samartlianoba”
                                        authority and
                                        usurpation).                                  Giorgi Akhobadze did not
                                                                                      know leaders of the Party
Papukashvili       06.09.06             I Part of the Article 315 Imprisonment for    “Samartlianoba” and party; a
                                                                                      Not a member of any
Guram                                   of the Criminal Code of 4 years and 6         friend of the Chairman of the
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                 Party “Samartlianoba” Igor
                                        to overthrow the state                        Giorgadze and Maia Topuria
                                        authority and
                                        usurpation).




                                                                                 12
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation            Accused in              Irregularities


Galdava Varlam     06.09.06             I Part of the Article 315 Imprisonment for     Not a member of any party; a
                                        of the Criminal Code of 3 years and 6          friend of condemned
                                        Georgia (a conspiracy months.                  Teimuraz Zhorzholiani
                                        to overthrow the state
                                        authority and                                  Varlam Galdava did not
                                        usurpation).                                   cooperate with any political
                                                                                       and public organization and
Nadiradze Marlen 06.11.07               Criminal Code article      Imprisonment for    participated inmunicipality.
                                                                                       Head of Gory actions or        Asked to the owner of    The sufferer confirmed
                                        38-1 (corruption)          7 years and 6       Member of Party “For united    a business to give 2     that
                                                                   months.             Georgia”.                      TV sets for reservists   nobody has made him
                                                                                       Since September 2007 he        camp. Total amount of    to give
                                                                                       started to organize            them-400 Lari.           away the TV sets.
                                                                                       demonstrations in Gori                                  There doesn’t exist any
                                                                                       against                                                 legal
Tabatadze Kakha 10.06.09                parts 1 and 2 of article   Imprisonment for    the government..
                                                                                       The member of ,,Democratic   Accused of illegal         signs that is necessary
                                                                                                                                               The pistol was taken
                                        236 of the Criminal        1 year and 2        Movement – United            purchase, maintenance out in the personal
                                        Code of Georgia            months.             Georgia~.                    and carrying of pistol. search which took
                                        (purchase, keeping of                                                                               place without
                                        firearms);                                                                                          witnesses.
                                                                                                                                            Dactiloscopic expertise
                                                                                                                                            of the pistol has not
Kedelidze Nodar 10.06.09                part 1 of article 236 of   Imprisonment for    The member of ,,Democratic Bullets of automatic      The conducted.
                                                                                                                                            beenGun was taken out
                                        the Criminal Code of       1 year and 6        Movement – United            gun was found in the in the personal search
                                        Georgia (purchase,         months.             Georgia~, Tetrickaro branch. house search.           which took place
                                        keeping of firearms);                                                                               without witnesses.
                                                                                                                                            Dactiloscopic expertise
                                                                                                                                            of the pistol has not
                                                                                                                                            been conducted.




                                                                                  13
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation            Accused in                Irregularities


Mikeladze          10.06.09             parts 1 and 2 of article   Imprisonment for    The member of ,,Democratic Charged for buying,           There were no
Dazmir                                  236 of the Criminal        1 year and 2        Movement – United          maintaining and               witnesses during the
                                        Code of Georgia            months.             Georgia~.                  carrying a grenade and        search process and
                                        (purchase, keeping of                                                     resisting the police          dactiloscopic expertise
                                        firearms);                                                                during the arrest.            was not conducted on
                                                                                                                                                the grenade.

Kutsnashvili       10.07.08             Sub paragraph “b” of     Imprisonment for    Omar Kutsnashvili’s son         Kutsnashvili’s             Ministry of Finance is
Omar                                    the second part of       4 years             Zakaria Kutsnashvili was the    company “LTD               declared as a
                                        article 210 (print and                       member of the parliament.       Geoengineering” had        complainant in the case
                                        use falsified accounting                     On December 21, 2007,           to carry out               when the ministry was
                                        card)                                        Zakaria Kutsnashvili            rehabilitation works       not the party of the
                                                                                     (Association “Law for           where the North-           agreement at all. As for
                                                                                     people”) together with other    South Gas pipeline         the contractors –
Vakhania           11.03.09                                                          Doctor of of human rights
                                        Part 2 of article 154 of Trial detention for defenders legal sciences;       crosses the river
                                                                                                                     His is accused of          Corporation ofexpertise
                                                                                                                                                Dactiloscopic
Vladimir                                the criminal code of     4 yars.             planned to establish an         putting the journalist     on the gun has still not
                                        Georgia; (illegal                            opposition political            of the newspaper           taken place. People
                                        disturbance of the                           movement in Zugdidi.            Samegrelo Chronicles       who are referred in the
                                        journalist in his                            Vakhania had dual               under pressure and         case as attendees
                                        professional work); Part                     citizenship, that of Russia     taking her video           declare that they didn’t
                                        1 of article 236 of the                      and Georgia, he lived in        cassette. Besides, he is   participate in the
Oboladze Besik     11.05.09             Part 1 of Code 320
                                        Criminal articleof of Pretrial detention. Moscow, but in September
                                                                                     NATO expert in the energy       accused of keeping
                                                                                                                     Based on V.                search and their
                                                                                                                                                This kind of
                                        the Criminal Code of                         sphere. He is a close friend    Maisaya’s request,         information is not a
                                        Georgia;                                     of Vakhtang Maisaya who is      Oboladze asked             state secret and it can
                                                                                     arrested under the accusation   Kvachidze, one of the      be obtained very
                                                                                     of being a spy.                 officials of the           simply by following
                                                                                                                     Ministry of Internal       the procedures for
                                                                                                                     Affairs to search          requesting the public
                                                                                                                     some particular            information.




                                                                                  14
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges               Sanction            Political motivation             Accused in               Irregularities


Naotchashvili      11.06.08             Criminal Code article     Imprisonment for
Teimuraz                                353-1 (resistance,        10 years.
                                        threaten or violence on
                                        policeman); 260-2 - a
                                        (keeping
                                        drugs);

Tsurtsumia Ilia    13.11.07             Criminal Code article   Imprisonment for      Ilia Tsurtsumia is the member   At first was arrested    Resistance was
                                        353-1                   3 years.              of radical opposition           on 7th August and was    expressed in
                                        (resistance,threaten or                       organization “Equality          released under the       physical resistance to
                                        violence on policeman);                       institute”. He was arrested     guarantee on 3rd         police
                                                                                      after participating in          October. He was          during his arrest and
                                                                                      demonstration on 7th of         arrested again on 13th   not resistance to any
                                                                                      November on the basis of the    November.                legal demand
Kldiashvili        13.11.07             Criminal Code article     Imprisonment for    same accusationthe which he
                                                                                      Deputy head of for            During the arrest          of police. Was not used
                                                                                                                                               To the taking out was
Revaz                                   236-1 and 236-2           5 years and 6       department of ministry of     weapon and official        not
                                        (wearing weapon);         months.             defense during Irakli         license were taken         attending any
                                        Criminal Code article                         Okruashvili being a Minister. out. A bomb during         independent
                                        362-1 (making,                                After dismissal of            searching the house        witness. Taking out
                                        selling and using false                       Okruashvili, Kldiashvili      was taken out.             weapon is
                                        documents, seal                               quitted his job .He joined                               proved only by the
Gudadze Zaal       15.06.09             or blank); 2 of article
                                        parts 1 and               Imprisonment for    opposition movement “For
                                                                                      Member of the Republican      Grenade and bullets        police. and bullets
                                                                                                                                               Grenade
                                        236 of the Criminal       4 year.             Party of Georgia, member of were found in                were not sent to the
                                        Code of Georgia                               the regional council of Shida searching his car.         dactiloscopic expertise.
                                        (purchase, keeping of                         Kartli.                                                  The search was
                                        firearms);                                                                                             conducted without the
                                                                                                                                               participation of
                                                                                                                                               attendees and Gudadze
                                                                                                                                               himself.




                                                                                 15
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation            Accused in              Irregularities


Tlashadze Tamaz 15.06.09                part 1 of article 260 of   Imprisonment for    Member of the Republican      Charged for               Witnesses didn’t attend
                                        the Criminal Code of       3 year.             Party of Georgia.             buying/keeping            the search process. The
                                        Georgia (keeping                                                             narcotic substance        fact of consuming
                                        drugs);                                                                      “Subotex” which was       narcotic substances by
                                                                                                                     found in his body         Tlashadze was not
                                                                                                                     search.                   identified.

Shalikiani Zurab 16.06.09               parts 1 and 2 of article   pretrial detention. son of a famous businessman   He is accused of          Shalikiani’s arrest and
                                        236 of the Criminal                            Bondo Shalikiani, who is      buying, keeping and       search was carried out
                                        Code of Georgia                                often mentioned by            carrying unregistered     without the presence of
                                        (purchase, keeping of                          Saakashvili in his public     fire weapon which         witnesses. He was
                                        firearms);                                     speeches as the funder of     was found in the          cruelly beaten by
                                                                                       opposition’s protest          search while he was       police. Petition of
                                                                                       actions.Bondo Shalikiani      moving by car.            defense on conducting
Kakashvili         17.06.09             article 236 of the                             Member of Kareli (05.03.04
                                                                   Imprisonment for was arrested twice branch of     A pistol altered into a   legal-medical expertise
                                                                                                                                               The search was not
Roman                                   Criminal Code of           3 year and 6        the political movement        rifle was found in his    attended by witnesses.
                                        Georgia (purchase,         months.             ,,Freedom~. He stayed at so   body search.              The rifle was not sent
                                        keeping of firearms);                          called “cell” for a long time                           to dactiloscopic
                                                                                       for which Giorgi                                        expertise. Kakashvili
                                                                                       Mamestsarishvili, the head of                           was not allowed to give
                                                                                       Kareli police was threatening                           testimony in the
Keburia Joseph     17.06.09             part 1 of article 260 of   Imprisonment for    him.
                                                                                       Member of the Khobi branch Charged for buying,          presence of the lawyer
                                                                                                                                               Police forced Ioseb
                                        the Criminal Code of       1year and 4         of the Conservative Party of keeping and                Keburia to get in the
                                        Georgia (keeping           months.             Georgia.                      consuming 0,018 gr.       car, he was verbally
                                        drugs);                                                                      of Subotex.               and physically
                                                                                                                                               offended which ended
                                                                                                                                               in ,,discovering”
                                                                                                                                               narcotic substance in
                                                                                                                                               his body search. Later




                                                                                  16
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges               Sanction             Political motivation           Accused in              Irregularities


Kadagishvili       18.04.06             ,,d” sub-paragraph of     Imprisonment for     Founder of the JSC           He was accused of        Amiran Kadagishvili
Amiran                                  the second section and    11 years.            GamaBank.                    mobilizing finances      was the founder of
                                        ,,a” and ,,b” sub-                                                          transferred from         Gama Bank and not the
                                        paragrphs (swindling)                         National Party, with the help foreign countries to     manager.
                                        of the third section of                       of Givi Targamadze,           some particular
                                        the article 180 of the                        demanded funding of their     account to fill the      The main witnesses in
                                        Criminal Code of                              party from Amiran             authorized capital and   the case Mzia
Narsia Vakhtang 19.03.09                Article .
                                        Georgia236-1 of the                           Kadagishvili but the latter
                                                                  Imprisonment for ,,Democartic Movement –          then based on the in
                                                                                                                    the gun was found        Gogotishvili and Maya
                                                                                                                                             The record shows that
                                        Criminal Code of          2 years             for United Georgia~,          his flat. The search     Narsia’s offer on
                                        Georgia (purchase,                            Zugdidi Branch.               was preceded by the      control purchase of the
                                        keeping of firearms);                                                       secret record where      pistol, but it also shows
                                                                                                                    someone called           that Narsia didn’t buy
                                                                                                                    Khasaia (secretly sent   it. However, later this
                                                                                                                    by police) offers        gun was found in
Ramishvili Levan 19.06.09               Criminal Code article                                                       Accused buy
                                                                  Pretrial detention. The member of ,,Democratic Narsia to of guns.          Narsia’s house. The
                                                                                                                                             Search conducted
                                        260-1 (keeping drugs);                        Movement – United Georgia, buying/keeping              without the presence of
                                                                                      Rustavi branch.               narcotic substance       attendees. Ramishvili
                                                                                                                    Marihuana which was      was not under the
                                                                                                                    taken out in his body.   affect of drugs when
                                                                                                                                             arrested. He has no
                                                                                                                                             criminal record.
Beselia Sergo      20.08.09             Criminal code article   pretrial detention. Brother of Eka Beselia ( the
                                        239 (disorderedly                           leader of Movement for
                                        conduction);353                             United Georgia).
                                        (resistance,threaten or
                                        violence on policeman);




                                                                                  17
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                 Sanction             Political motivation         Accused in              Irregularities


Avaliani Zurab     23.03.09             Article 236-1 of the       Trial detention for ,,Democartic Movement –       armament and military   The court didn’t satisfy
                                        Criminal Code of           year and 6 months. for United Georgia~, Head      equipments were         the petition of the
                                        Georgia (purchase,                             of Adjara Branch.             found at Avaliani’s     defence on conducting
                                        keeping of firearms);                                                        flat.                   dactiloscopic expertise
                                                                                                                                             of found gun. The
                                                                                                                                             search took place
                                                                                                                                             without the
Gogratchadze       23.03.09             part 1 of article 236 of   Trial detention for ,,Democartic Movement –       a pistol was found in   participation of
                                                                                                                                             Petition of the defence
David                                   the Criminal Code of       2 years.            for United Georgia~.          the body and house      party on conducting the
                                        Georgia (purchase,                                                           search.                 dactiloscopic expertise
                                        keeping of firearms);                                                                                was rejected. The
                                                                                                                                             search took place
                                                                                                                                             without the
                                                                                                                                             participation of
Kavelashvili Otar 23.06.09              Criminal Code article      Imprisonment for      The member of ,,Democratic Charged for              attendees or a lawyer.
                                                                                                                                             Search conducted
                                        260-1 (keeping drugs);     6 months.             Movement – United Georgia, buying/keeping           without the presence of
                                                                                         Rustavi branch.            narcotic substance       attendees. Kavelashvili
                                                                                                                    Marihuana (17,00 gr)     was not under the
                                                                                                                    taken out in the body    affect of drugs when
                                                                                                                    search.                  arrested. He has no
                                                                                                                                             criminal record.
Kapanadze          23.06.09             Part 1 of article 332 of   pretrial detention.
Konstantin                              the criminal code of
                                        Georgia




Charbadze Irakli 25.06.09               part 1 of article 260 of   Imprisonment for
                                        the Criminal Code of       2 years
                                        Georgia (keeping
                                        drugs);




                                                                                    18
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges              Sanction            Political motivation               Accused in               Irregularities


Kvaraia Merab      25.08.05             3 part of the article 182 imprisonment for   Deputy Head of Zugdidi Tax       Kvaraia was charged       The only evidence in
                                        of the Criminal Code of 6 year and 6         Office, member of the            for exceeding             the case is the auditor’s
                                        Georgia (appropriation- months.              People’s Party till 2003,        authority while           conclusion which was
                                        peculation);                                 member of 2003 Parliament        working on the            cancelled by the court
                                                                                     from the political party         position of the deputy    of first instance.
                                        3 part of the article 333                    Agordzineba.                     director of Zugdidi tax   The accountant of the
                                        of the Criminal Code of                                                       office and spending       complainant – Ltd
                                        Georgia (exceed work                         Procedural agreement was         big amount of money.      Argentari (based on the
                                        authority).                                  made with 2 out of 6                                       case materials, only
                                                                                     accused. 2 people were                                     moral damage was
                                        Restriction of liberty –                     forgiven; one was searched                                 caused) declared at the
                                        6 years and 6 months.                        and later arrested.                                        court that Kvaraia
                                                                                                                                                didn’t do any damage
                                                                                     As for Kvaraia, he is asking                               to the enterprise.
                                                                                     for forgiveness since 2007,
                                                                                     however, his request has
                                                                                     been rejected.

                                                                                     Arrested by one of the clans
                                                                                     of the ruling party (Akhalaia)
                                                                                     in 2005 at the background of
                                                                                     sharing the spheres of
                                                                                     interests in Zugdidi.
                                                                                     Particularlt, friends
                                                                                     (including Kvaraia) of the
                                                                                     Parliament member Gunava
                                                                                     were arrested in the same
                                                                                     city.




                                                                                19
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                 Charges               Sanction            Political motivation             Accused in               Irregularities


Amiranashvili      25.10.07             Article 2231             Imprisonment for    Head of the Kutaisi           Organized criminal         The only evidence in
Georg                                   (membership of the       5 years and 6       organization ,,For the United means telephone            the case is the
                                        thievish world) and the months.              Georgia”                      contact with an            telephone conversation
                                        1st part of the article                                                    ,,influential” prisoner.   between someone
                                        236 (carry a gun) of the                                                                              called Giga and a
                                        Criminal Code of                                                                                      prisoner in the Geguti
                                        Georgia                                                                                               prison. Regardless of
                                                                                                                                              the numerous petitions
                                                                                                                                              of the Defense,
                                                                                                                                              identification of the
                                                                                                                                              voice has still not taken
                                                                                                                                              place.

                                                                                                                                              The court didn’t allow
                                                                                                                                              the Defense to see the
                                                                                                                                              confiscated gun.

                                                                                                                                              The telephone number
                                                                                                                                              from where the call
                                                                                                                                              was made didn’t
                                                                                                                                              belong to Giorgi
                                                                                                                                              Amiranashvili.
                                                                                                                                              Telephone
                                                                                                                                              conversation with the
                                                                                                                                              prisoner took place in
                                                                                                                                              May, while
                                                                                                                                              Amiranashvili was
                                                                                                                                              arrested in October
                                                                                                                                              after he joined the




                                                                                20
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation             Accused in               Irregularities


Tsuriashvili       25.11.08             Part 1 and 2 of article    Imprisonment for    Member of the political         He was charged for       Police searched the car
Simon                                   236 of the Criminal        9 years             movement -United Georgia,       illegal purchase,        without the presence of
                                        Code of Georgia                                Irakli Okruashvili’s cousin.    maintainance and         witnesses.The grenades
                                        (purchase, keeping of                          Tsuriashvili was arrested in    carrying of grenades     were not sent for
                                        firearms);                                     March under the same charge     which were taken out     dactiloscopic expertise.
                                                                                       and was released later. He      of his car search
                                                                                       was kept under pressure to
                                                                                       give testimony against Irakli
                                                                                       Okruashvili.


Alkhazishvili      26.06.09             Part 3 of article 239 of   Imprisonment for    Member of the April 9 youth     Alkhazishvili was        None of the evidences
George                                  the Criminal Code          4 year.             headquarters. He was forced     charged for striking a   in the case proves
                                                                                       to give testimony against one   hand stick to someone    Alkhazishvili’s guilt.
                                                                                       of the leaders of the same      called Kitovani at       Besides, even if this
                                                                                       movement Levan                  Irina Batiashvili’s      fact is proved,
                                                                                       Gogichaishvili arrested on      birthday (where Levan    investigation didn’t
                                                                                       June 17 for intended physical   Gogichaishvili           make the correct
                                                                                       assault.                        “committed crime”).      qualification of the
                                                                                                                                                case.




                                                                                  21
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction            Political motivation            Accused in             Irregularities


Ratishvili Merab 26.10.07               Criminal Code article      Imprisonment for    Founder of the club-Tbilisi     Drugs were taken out   Taking out the drugs
                                        260-3 (keeping             9 years             political discussions, actively during the search of   were not
                                        drugs)                                         cooperated with the political car                      attending witnesses.
                                                                                       party “ourselves”.                                     After the arrest
                                                                                       In October 2007 was                                    Ratishvili was
                                                                                       financing                                              injected by force
                                                                                       united opposition during the                           (methadone).
                                                                                       Tbilisi demonstrations.                                Video-materials are not
                                                                                       At the same time government                            attached to the
                                                                                       started to fabricate tens of                           materials of
                                                                                       cases to find out contacts                             investigation.
                                                                                       between opposition forces
                                                                                       and
                                                                                       Russia. Among them was
                                                                                       Ratishvili’s case. At that time
                                                                                       Ratishvili had double
                                                                                       citizenship (Georgian and
                                                                                       Russian).Investigation was
                                                                                       aimed to charge him exactly
                                                                                       for spy.
                                                                                       There are materials of the
                                                                                       expertise of his personal stuff
                                                                                       held by the Ministry of
                                                                                       internal affairs. During this
                                                                                       expertise an expert received
                                                                                       the question if this stuff
                                                                                       contained state secret.
                                                                                       During his arrest he was
                                                                                       asked
Tsitelashvili      28.08.08             part 2 of article 260 of   Imprisonment for
Tristan                                 the Criminal Code of       7 years and 6
                                        Georgia (keeping           months.
                                        drugs);




                                                                                  22
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                Sanction             Political motivation             Accused in                Irregularities


Ramazashvili       29.01.06             Subparagraphs b) and     Imprisonment for       Luka Ramazashvili was a        In the part of stealing    It is important in the
Luka                                    c) of part 2 of article  eight years.           businessman and member of      he is accused of           part of stealing of tiles
                                        177 of the Criminal                             a political party Sport        lending the means of       that there is no victim
                                        Code of Georgia;                                Georgia.                       transportation to his      and the property owner
                                        subparagraph b) of part                                                        friend by means of         proves that the tiles
                                        3 (stealing);                                   Earlier he led the so called   which this letter          were transported
                                        subparagraphs a) and d)                         people’s detachment, which     transported concrete       through his agreement.
                                        of part 2 of article 179 pretrial detention.    confronted the campaign of     Loliashvili part of
                                                                                                                       tiles. In the is accused
Loliashvili Levan 29.05.09              Criminal Code article                           A member of the 9th April                                 Loliashvili was cruelly
                                        353-2                                           action of protest              of resisting policemen     beaten by police before
                                        (resistance,threaten or                                                        who wore civil clothes     as well as after the
                                        violence on policeman);                                                        during the fight           arrest. None of the
                                                                                                                       between the police         persons taken for
                                                                                                                       and protest action         police identification
                                                                                                                       participants on the        together with
Kapanadze David 29.05.09                Criminal Code article   pretrial detention. A member of the 9th April          Kapanadze territory
                                                                                                                       surroundingis accused      Loliashvili had any
                                                                                                                                                  Kapanadze was cruelly
                                        353-2                                       action of protest                  of resisting policemen     beaten by police before
                                        (resistance,threaten or                                                        who wore civil clothes     as well as after the
                                        violence on policeman);                                                        during the fight           arrest. None of the
                                                                                                                       between the police         persons taken for
                                                                                                                       and protest action         police identification
                                                                                                                       participants on the        together with
Kvitsiani Nora     29.07.06             Criminal Code article      Imprisonment for     In summer 2006 Ex governor surrounding territory
                                                                                                                       Appropriation means        Loliashvili hadmeans
                                                                                                                                                  Appropriation any
                                        182-3                      4 years and 6        of Kodori gorge and Nora       keeping humanitarian       plunder
                                        (appropriation);           months.              Kvitsiani’s brother-Emzar      loads                      of all humanitarian
                                        Criminal Code article                           Kvitsiani announced revolt     of the gorge as its own.   loads
                                        223-1(forming                                   which was liquidated soon.     Under the word             intended to Kodori
                                        illegal armed formation                         But Kvitsiani concealed        “weapon”                   gorge in
                                        or leading it                                   himself and instead of him his is meant automatic fire    2005 (75.000 Lari) but
                                        or/and taking part in it);                      sister was taken as a hostage. shooting gun which         according investigation




                                                                                   23
Political Prisoners of South Caucasus


 Name, surname            Date                  Charges                 Sanction           Political motivation              Accused in           Irregularities


Malidze Nick       31.05.09             parts 1 and 2 of article   pretrial detention. Participant of April protest    He is accused of       The only evidence in
                                        236 of the Criminal                            actions, he spent more than     illegal purchase,      the case is the
                                        Code of Georgia                                one month in one of the cells   maintenance and        testimonies of
                                        (purchase, keeping of                          in front of the Television.     carrying of the gun.   policemen and the
                                        firearms);                                                                                            found gun.
                                                                                                                                              Dactiloscopic expertise
                                                                                                                                              of the gun has not
Chikovani                                                          pretrial detention.                                                        taken place.
Jambul




                                                                                    24

				
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