APPLICATIONS by xiangpeng

VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 135

									Computer Basics
 Designed and Programmed by



    Miao Tianshun

David_miao@sohu.com
Miaots@th.btbu.edu.cn
                 Contents

• Computer Types            • Storage

• Applications          • Computer to Computer

• Input
• Processing            • System Software

                        • Programming
• Output
APPLICATIONS

               APPLICATIONS
  An application is another word for a
  program running on the computer.
  Whether or not it is a good application
  depends on how well it performs the
  tasks it is designed to do and how easy
  it is for the user to use, which involves
  the user interface- the way the user tells
  the software what to do and how the
  computer displays information and
  options to the user.
APPLICATIONS

               APPLICATIONS

  User Interface      Browser
  Word Processing     Email
  Spreadsheet         Project Management
  Database            PIM
  Graphics            Integrated & Suites
  Presentations       Quiz
  Communications
APPLICATIONS

           USER-INTERFACE



        • Text Interface

        • Graphical Interface
APPLICATIONS

               Text Interface
  A text interface was all that was
  available in the beginning. The example
  to the right is of PKZIP, which squashes
  files into smaller size to save you space.
  Notice in the center the command you
  would have to type to use this program.
  An actual command line would look
  something like:
  c:\>pkzip c:\myfiles\newfile.zip
  c:\docs\report14.doc
APPLICATIONS

               Text Interface
         A text-based interface means
  typing in all the commands. If you mis-
  type, you have to backspace to your
  error, which erases what you already
  typed. It's hard to have fun this way!
         Add-on programs were written, of
  course, so you could edit what was
  typed - to the joy of all who had to work
  with long command lines.
         Modern text interfaces have lots of
  cool shortcuts and features. But you
  still have to spell and type well.
APPLICATIONS

           USER-INTERFACE

         Improvements arrived with the
  addition of menus and the use of the
  arrow keys to move around the screen.
  This is much better than having to type
  in all the commands.
         The example to the right is of a
  bulletin board communications
  program.
APPLICATIONS

           Graphical Interface
         A graphical user interface (GUI -
  sometimes pronounced GOO-ee) uses
  pictures to make it easier for the user.
  It is more user friendly.
         The example below is from
  Windows 95/98. The use of drop-down
  menus, windows, buttons, and icons
  was first successfully marketed by
  Apple on the Macintosh computer.
  These ideas are now as standard for
  graphical interfaces as door knobs are
  for doors.
APPLICATIONS
           Graphical Interface
Common features of a graphical interface:
    window menu button icon
APPLICATIONS
               Word Processing
      There are many different kinds of
applications, all with lots of spiffy features.
Word processing is the application that is
used most often and most widely. We will
start with it to learn about the terms and
features that are common to most
applications, as well as some that are
specific to word processing. Then we will
look at other major applications and what
they do. Major word processors include
Microsoft Word, WordPerfect, and Lotus
WordPro.
APPLICATIONS
               Word Processing

   Word processing is the most used
computer application!
      It has replaced the typewriter as the
main way words are put on paper.
      Documents can be revised and
corrected before they are ever printed. An
existing document can be used as a
template, or pattern, for a new one. So the
user doesn't have to recreate standard
documents from scratch each time. This is a
major time-saver and helps keep things
consistent.
APPLICATIONS
               Word Processing

Purpose:

       To produce documents


Main advantage:

       Can easily change what has been
done
APPLICATIONS
               Word Processing

Steps to produce a document:


      •Create
      •Edit
      •Format
      •Print
      •Save (often!!)
APPLICATIONS
                    Create
    You create a document when you enter text.
Features/Terms:
  •Word wrap              •Undo
  •Cursor                 •Insert
  •Enter text             •Delete
  •Scrolling              •Search
  •Select                 •Replace
  •Edit                   •Template
  •Cut                    •Thesaurus
  •Copy                   •Spelling check
  •Paste                  •Grammar check
APPLICATIONS

               Word Wrap



       automatically wrapping
  the text to the next line so it all
  fits within the screen's width
APPLICATIONS

               Cursor



     symbol for where text will
  appear like:
APPLICATIONS

                Enter text



               type new text
APPLICATIONS

               Scrolling



      moving document around
  within window
APPLICATIONS

               Select



      Highlight text, usually by
  dragging. Commands and
  keystroke combinations will
  apply to the selected material.
APPLICATIONS

                   Edit



               make changes
APPLICATIONS

               Cut

   remove selection from
   document and store
   temporarily on the Clipboard,
   which is a section of computer
   memory. The Windows
   Clipboard can hold only one
   thing at a time. The Office
   Clipboard from Office XP can
   hold many items.
APPLICATIONS

               Copy



  duplicate selection onto
  Clipboard
APPLICATIONS

               Paste



  place Clipboard contents at
  cursor location
APPLICATIONS

               Undo


      reverses whatever change
  you just made
      Some programs will only
  "undo" the last change.
      Others keep a list and can
  undo more, depending on how
  many changes you have
  chosen to track.
APPLICATIONS

               Insert



       add text at location
  without overwriting existing
  text
APPLICATIONS

               Delete



     remove text (not saved
  anywhere)
APPLICATIONS

               Search



      look for specific word(s)
  or character(s)
APPLICATIONS

               Replace



        can replace specific
    word(s) or character(s)
    with stated text
APPLICATIONS

               Template



      a document that serves as
  a pattern for a new document
APPLICATIONS

               Thesaurus



      looks for synonyms for
  selected word
APPLICATIONS

               Spelling check



        looks for spelling errors
APPLICATIONS

               Grammar check



      looks for grammar/style
  errors (of limited help)
APPLICATIONS

               Do it!


       Would you like to play
  around with the basic word
  processing skills?
       Try the Do It! practice
  page. Both versions will open
  in a new window.
APPLICATIONS

                Format


                      Borders/shading
      Once a document has been created,
  Typeface
orPoint size          Headers/footers
   during the process, you arrange how it
will look by selectingStyle sheets
  Font                 the kind of letters
                      Columns
and their sizes and colors, how much
  Margins
  Justification Tables
space is left and where, how things line
                      Graphics
up. This is formatting the document.
  Spacing
APPLICATIONS

               Typeface

       set of characters of similar
   design like:
APPLICATIONS

               Point size

                1
  one point = /72 of an inch like:
  12 pt 18 pt 24 pt 36 pt
APPLICATIONS

               Font



  combo of typeface & point
  size, includes styles such as
  BOLD, italics, underline
APPLICATIONS

               Margins


  space at the page borders
APPLICATIONS

               Justification

    Left       center   right   full
APPLICATIONS

               Spacing


  space between letters and
  lines
APPLICATIONS

           Borders/shading



  lines around
  table/page;
  background
  color
APPLICATIONS

           Headers/footers


 info to repeat
 on each page
APPLICATIONS

               Style sheets



  saved sets of formats to reuse
APPLICATIONS

               Columns


  columns of text side by side
  as in a newspaper
APPLICATIONS

               Tables

   items listed in rows and columns
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics



  pictures and charts
 APPLICATIONS

  Print
  When a document is finished,
  it may be printed onto paper.
Features/Terms:
  Choose number of copies/pages to print


  Choose Orientation:

                      Portrait    Landscape
  Print Preview     shows you how it will look in
                    print
APPLICATIONS

       Desktop Publishing (DTP)
  High-end word processors can do
  much of what a desktop publishing
  program does. The difference between
  them has become a bit blurred.
  For professional publications a
  desktop publishing programs gives
  the precise control needed and also
  advanced capacities such as
  preparing four-color separations for
  printing.
APPLICATIONS

 Purpose
       To prepare documents with
  graphics with precise control of
  the layout
Major Advantages:
      Ability to place text and
  graphics precisely on page
      Ability to chain sections
  together like newspaper columns
      Advanced tools for professional
  work
APPLICATIONS


 Features/Terms:

    •Layout
    •Clip art
    •WYSIWYG
    •separations
APPLICATIONS

 Features/Terms:
  Layout -      arranging text and graphics
  Clip art -    pre-drawn pictures to add to page
  WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get
  pronounced "wiz-e-wig"
  how page displays on screen is the same as how
  it prints
  separations- For full color in high quality
  printing, the paper goes through the printing
  press 4 times, once for each of the colors cyan,
  magenta, yellow, and black (CMYK color
  system). The print shop must create separate
  versions of your document, called separations,
  for each color.
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
     A spreadsheet is the
application of choice for most
documents that organize
numbers, like budgets,
financial statements, grade
sheets, and sales records.
     Some popular spread-
sheets include MS Excel, Lotus
1-2-3, and Quattro Pro.
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
    Purpose:
    Organizing numbers
    Major Advantages:
    Can calculate for you using
    formulas
    Auto-update of related
    numbers when data changes
    Can display data in graphs
    and charts
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
    Features/Terms:

    rows & columns Creates a grid
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
    Features/Terms:
    cell Intersection of row and
    column. Can contain text or
    numbers.
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
    Features/Terms:

    Formula Calculates value to put
    in cell, like a total, an average,
    interest, etc.

        =SUM(C21:C45)
        =Average(B3:W394)
        =.095*LoanTotal
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
    Features/Terms:

    Chart Graphical representation
    of the data
APPLICATIONS

 Do It!
 Would you like to see a spreadsheet at
 work?
         You can open an actual spreadsheet by
  clicking one of the icons in the first row
  below. Depending on your software, you will
  either get an Excel window or the spreadsheet
  will open in a new browser window which
  will have new toolbars and menu commands.
  If you do not have the software to actually
  open the spreadsheet, use the second set of
  links to open images that show how a
  spreadsheet looks. The images also open in a
  new window.
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
         A spreadsheet is the
    application of choice for most
    documents that organize
    numbers, like budgets,
    financial statements, grade
    sheets, and sales records.
         Some popular spread-
    sheets include MS Excel, Lotus
    1-2-3, and Quattro Pro.
APPLICATIONS

               Spreadsheet
         A spreadsheet is the
    application of choice for most
    documents that organize
    numbers, like budgets,
    financial statements, grade
    sheets, and sales records.
         Some popular spread-
    sheets include MS Excel, Lotus
    1-2-3, and Quattro Pro.
APPLICATIONS

               Database

  A database is a collection of
  data that you want to
  manage, rearrange, and add
  to later. Some popular
  databases include MS Access,
  dBase, FoxPro, Paradox,
  Approach, and Oracle.
APPLICATIONS

               Database



  Purpose:
     Managing data

  Major Advantages:
      Can change way data is
  sorted and displayed
APPLICATIONS

               Database

  Features/Terms:

  1. A flat database contains
  3. A relational database
  2. A query can filter your
     contains tables which ones
     files which contain records
  records to show just the are
  that meet certain criteria or to
     linked together. Each table
  which contain fields
     contains records which
  arrange them in a particular
     contain fields.
APPLICATIONS

               Database
  A relational database
APPLICATIONS

               Database
  A QUERY
APPLICATIONS

        TYPES OF DATABASES


   1. Flat database
   2.text database
   3.spreadsheet
   4.Relational database
   5.Queries
APPLICATIONS

               Flat database
   Advantages:
    Easy to set up
  The earliest and simplest
    Easy to are flat
  databases understand
   Disadvantages:
  databases. A flat database
    May require entering thefor
  may still be all you need   same
     information in many records.
  your purpose.
    A text database is hard to read.
    A single record in a spreadsheet
     database may not fit across the
     screen.
APPLICATIONS

               TEXT DATABASE

  A text database is a plain text
  file where the fields are
  separated by a particular
  character like a vertical bar |
  or a comma , or a semi-colon ; .
APPLICATIONS

               SPREADSHEET



  A spreadsheet can work as a
  flat database. Each field is in a
  separate column and each
  row is a single record.
APPLICATIONS
           Relational database

   Microsoft Access and Oracle
   and other relational databases
   are more advanced and more
   efficient. This kind of database
   uses a set of tables which are
   linked together.
APPLICATIONS

Advantages:
Reduces the duplication in data entry.
Faster searches.
Can create forms and reports that
display only the data you want to see.
Can create queries to answer questions
that are hard or impossible to answer in
flat databases.
Disadvantages:
Can be complex to set up, using many tables.
It is harder to understand how all the parts
relate to each other.
APPLICATIONS

               Queries
 You often want to look at just part
 of the data in a database. You can
 reorder or filter your data using
 Structural Query Language
 (SQL). You might want a list of
 people who have a particular
 postal code, for example. Happily
 there are visual methods you can
 use to create your query.
APPLICATIONS

               Queries
 The actual SQL code for this query
 looks a lot different from the
 Design view above! No wonder a
 drag-and-drop method was
 created!
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics
  Graphics
        Graphics programs deal with
  pictures, either static or moving,
  flat or 3D. There are an amazing
  number of different formats for
  images in the world and no one
  program can handle them all.

    Purpose:
       To create and edit images
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics
  Adobe Photoshop is the most
  widely used graphics program for
  professionals. PaintShopPro is
  popular because it offers most of
  Photoshop's features at a lower
  cost and with a friendlier
  interface. There are many other
  programs. Some specialize in
  handling photographs or
  animations or creating logos.
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics
            Paint
 programs work with
 pictures on a pixel-by-
 pixel basis, where a
 pixel is the smallest dot
 on the screen. Such
 programs handle
 photographs and most
 clipart. MS Paint is this
 type of program.
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  Advantages:
       Control over each dot in
  the picture
  Disadvantages:
       Angled lines are jagged
  stair steps, especially if
  enlarged
APPLICATIONS
               Graphics
  Drawing programs, on the
  other hand, define images in
  terms of vectors, that is,
  equations that describe
  geometric shapes.
  Fortunately, the user doesn't
  have to do the math! Drawing
  objects in MS Office are
  vector images.
APPLICATIONS

                 Graphics

  Advantages:
  •   Does not get as fuzzy or
  jagged when the size is changed.
  •   The file size is smaller.
     (For the web, the original vector picture
  had to be converted to a bitmap format.)
  Disadvantages:
       Can't change the color of a
  dot in the middle of a shape.
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics
  Animation and video programs
  put a set of still pictures into a
  sequence. When the sequence of
  images is run, the change from
  one picture to the next fools the
  eye into seeing motion. This is
  how movies and television work.
  An individual image in an
  animation is called a cel. (Yes,
  there is just one l in that word!)
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  The animation of eyes above was made
  with just 2 cels. The animation below
  from Microsoft GIF Animator takes 56
  cels!
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  bitmap image      Brush
  vector image      handles
  animation         fill
  Pixel             cel
  Palette
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  bitmap (位图)
                    Brush画笔毛刷
  Vector(矢量)向
  量                 handles 柄,

  animation 动画      把柄,句柄
  Pixel 像素          fill 填充
  Palette颜料,调色
                    cel 桢、幅
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  bitmap image
      a picture defined as a
  series of dots

  vector image
       a picture defined as a set
  of geometric shapes, using
  equations
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

    animation
        a sequence of
    images that are
    shown rapidly in
    succession, causing
    an impression of
    movement
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  Pixel
       a single picture element,
  the smallest dot on the screen.
  A period (.) is made of 4 pixels
  in a square.

  Palette
      a set of colors
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  brush
      a tool for drawing lines.
  May give the effect of using a
  pencil, a paint brush, an
  airbrush spray, chalk,
  charcoal, felt-tip marker...
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  handles
       shapes on a selected
  object that allow you to
  change the shape by dragging
  the handle
APPLICATIONS

               Graphics

  fill
      colors an enclosed area
  with one color or pattern

  cel
      a single image in an
  animation sequence
APPLICATIONS

               Communications

  These programs temporarily connect
  computers to each other to exchange
  information. They may use telephone
  lines or dedicated cables for the
  connection. This allows you, for
  example, to work at home on the
  weekend and transfer all you've done
  to your computer at work before you
  leave home.
APPLICATIONS

               Communications
        These are not the same
  as networking programs
  where computers are
  actually linked together all
  the time.
        Most communications
  programs now include
  many different
  communication functions in
  one interface.
APPLICATIONS

               Communications


  Purpose:
     Transmitting data and
  messages between computers


  Disadvantages:
      Speed
APPLICATIONS
    Actions of a Communications Program
    sending and receiving files:
     FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
    exchanging messages in a
     group: chat programs
    private messages: instant
     messaging
    voice messages
    video conferencing
    phone calls over the Internet
APPLICATIONS

      FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

  An FTP program manages the
  moving of files between computers.
  When you download a file over the
  Internet, you are using an FTP
  program. Programs like word
  processors and HTML editors that
  can upload files to web sites include
  this ability without having to use
  another program.
APPLICATIONS
 The image below is for the program WS_FTP, which is a
 fairly typical FTP program. It shows the folder tree for both
 the source and destination. You can copy in either direction.
APPLICATIONS

               Chat

       In a chat program you
  join a chat room. You write
  messages that appear in a
  window that shows all the
  messages being sent in this
  chat room. Everyone who is
  logged in to this room can
  read your messages.
APPLICATIONS

               a chat program
       The image below is for the
  program mIRC. Each person listed
  on the right is "in" the room and can
  write messages and all the others can
  read them. Recent chat programs let
  users format their text with color and
  even with different fonts. People in
  chat rooms tend to use a lot of
  abbreviations and smiley faces.
APPLICATIONS

             Instant Messaging
       An instant messaging program notifies you
when your friends are online. Then you can send
them messages, which they see immediately. Only
the one you send the message to can see it and only
you can see the messages that are sent to
you, unless you choose to change to a multiple-
user mode. Recent versions of instant messaging
include the ability to use video conferencing, to
play games together with your friends, and even to
make phone calls over the Internet. Examples of
instant messaging programs are ICQ, AOL
Instant Messenger, and MSN Messenger Service.
APPLICATIONS
     ICQ - an instant messaging program

      The image below shows
  what ICQ messages look like,
  when there are just a few
  people messaging. You
  customize the look of the
  messages, of course.
APPLICATIONS

               Browser

        An Internet browser is a
  program that lets you navigate the
  World Wide Web.
        A browser displays web pages,
  keeps track of where you've been,
  and remembers the places you want
  to return to.
APPLICATIONS

               Browser

        Internet Explorer is by far
  the most popular browser,
  though there are many others
  around. Netscape was once
  the dominant browser and is
  still used, but it is falling
  further behind in market
  share all the time.
APPLICATIONS

               Browser
  Purpose:
       Navigating the Internet
  Major Advantage:
       Can display graphics,
  which older internet
  applications don't
  Keeps a list of places you want
  to return to.
APPLICATIONS

                      Email
          Email, or electronic mail, is becoming
  more and more popular as people learn to
  communicate again with written words. For
  many purposes it is superior to a phone call
  because you don't have to catch the person in
  and you can get straight to the point. No time is
  wasted on casual conversation. It also leaves a
  written record to refer back to for a response or
  if you forget who said what. Email is superior to
  the traditional office memo because it uses no
  paper (Save the trees!!) and it can be sent to a
  whole list of people instantly.
APPLICATIONS

                 Email

  Commonly used email programs include

  Microsoft Outlook Express
  Microsoft Outlook
  Netscape Mail
  Eudora
  Pegasus
  Foxmail
APPLICATIONS

               Email

  Purpose:
      Transmitting messages
  between computer users

  Major Advantage:
     Speed
APPLICATIONS

                       Email
  Major Disadvantage:
  •       You don't know if the receiver actually
  reads it, though you can find out if they received
  it. Of course in a phone conversation you don't
  really know if the person is actually listening
  either!
  •       With no body language or vocal
  intonations it is difficult to convey the emotional
  tone you want. Irony and sarcasm are
  particularly dangerous since your reader may
  take you seriously.
APPLICATIONS

           Project Management
         When you have a group of people working
  together on a complex project, you need a way to
  manage all the details. A project management
  program, like Microsoft Project 2000, tracks all
  of the people, tasks, and deadlines in a major
  project. By linking to the personal scheduling
  programs of the people involved, the project
  management program can see when meetings can
  be arranged by looking at everyone's scheduled
  events. It can check for conflicts between parts of
  the project and for deadline errors.
APPLICATIONS

          Project Management
  Purpose:
       To plan, schedule, and
  analyze the events and costs
  of a project

  Major Advantage:
      To display a timeline of
  tasks and to link to personal
  scheduling programs
APPLICATIONS

  Personal Information Management
                (PIM)
       PIM's are a special kind of
  database. A PIM will normally
  include an address book, a
  calendar to schedule activities
  and appointments, and a to-
  do list where you list chores,
  calls to make, various things
  to do.
APPLICATIONS

  Personal Information Management
                (PIM)
       Some popular programs which
 include PIM functions are MS
 Outlook, Lotus Organizer, ACT!,
 Gold Mine, and Sidekick, which was
 the first PIM.
       New versions of these
 programs add email manage-ment,
 wireless access, and other features
 for the new, hot technologies.
APPLICATIONS

  Personal Information Management
                (PIM)
  Purpose:
      Tracking personal information like-
  appointments
  address book
  birthdays
  phone messages
  notes on future projects
APPLICATIONS

  Personal Information Management
                (PIM)

   Major Advantage:

    Quick access to schedule
     data and address book.

    Can often be merged into
     documents directly.
APPLICATIONS

               Contact Manager

       An advanced PIM may be
  called a Contact Manager.
  Such a program is optimized
  to make it easy to track who
  you have talked to or met with
  and what you did or said.
APPLICATIONS

    Integrated Software and Suites


      Integrated software
  combines the functions of
  several programs into one
  interface. Such a program is
  usually designed for the
  beginning or casual user.
APPLICATIONS

    Integrated Software and Suites

       Many advanced features are
  omitted that might be found in stand-
  alone products. For example, the
  word processor in an integrated
  software package would not likely
  have a way to automatically generate
  a table of contents and would have
  fewer options on how to handle
  footnotes, headers, and footers.
APPLICATIONS

               Suites
      A software suite is a set of
  applications which can each
  stand alone. They are
  packaged together for a lower
  price than if all were bought
  separately. There are usually
  enhancements that help the
  applications communicate
  with each other, also.
APPLICATIONS

               Suites

  Some popular suites of office
  software include

  •MS Office
  •Lotus Smart Suite
  •Word Processing
  ystem(WPS)
  •WordPerfect Office.
APPLICATIONS

                 Suites

      These include a number of other
      programs, such as:
  •   word processing
  •   spreadsheet
  •   presentations
  •   e-mail client
  •   address book
  •   database
APPLICATIONS

                       Suites
       An example of a graphics suite is Corel Draw
       Suite, which includes programs for:
   •   vector illustration
   •   layout
   •   bitmap creation
   •   image-editing
   •   painting
   •   animation software
APPLICATIONS

                   Suites

      An example of a publishing suite is
      Adobe Publishing Collections, which
      includes:

  •   Adobe PageMaker - desktop publishing
  •   Adobe finereader – recognize pictures
  •   Adobe Photoshop - bitmap graphics
  •   Adobe Illustrator - vector graphics
  •   Adobe Acrobat - converts documents to
      Portable Document Format for sharing
APPLICATIONS

                   Suites
  Purpose:
        Linking different applications
  together for better work
  (integrated software) simplifying things
  for new users

  Major Advantage:
       Costs less than a set of similar
  stand alone applications bought
  separately
APPLICATIONS

                  Suites

  Major Disadvantage:
  •     (integrated software) Lacks many
  features of the stand-alone versions of
  the same software.

  •    (suites) You may not need all the
  parts or the advanced features in the
  collection.
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  1. The software application
    that is used the most often is
    _____.
    A. word processing
    B. desktop publishing
    C. spreadsheet
    D. database
    E. graphical presentation
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  2. The largest, fastest, most
    expensive type of computer
    is the _____.
    A.personal
    B.server
    C.super
    D.main frame
    E.minicomputer
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  3. A computer which links
    several PCs together in a
    network is called a _____.
    A.minicomputer
    B.server
    C.client
    D.main frame
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  4. To publish a magazine a
    ________ application
    would be best.
    A.word processing
    B.desktop publishing
    C.spreadsheet
    D.presentation graphics
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  5. Julian is a sales rep calling on up to 20
     businesses a week. To keep track of his
     appointments and his clients' addresses
     and phone numbers, he should use a ___.
     A.personal information
       manager
     B.database
     C.spreadsheet
     D.project manager
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  6. Acme Corp. sells 1000 different
     products to over 20,000 customers.
     To record the sales and shipments
     they would use a _____.
     A.word processor
     B.project manager
     C.spreadsheet
     D.database
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  7. A single application that combines
    the major features of several types
    of applications is called _____.

     A.integrated software
     B.a suite
     C.a combo package
     D.high-end
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  8. Using a word processor you
    can change _____.
    A.the size of the font
    B.the typeface
    C.the size of the margins
    D.the spacing between lines
    E.all of the above
    F.none of the above
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  9. The orientation of the page
    in which the printed lines
    run the width (8 1/2") of the
    page is called _____.
    A.landscape
    B.inverted
    C.normal
    D.portrait
APPLICATIONS

         Quiz on This Lecture:
        Overview & Applications
  10. Input, processing, output
    and storage are the steps in
    the _____.
    A.information cycle
    B.information processing
       cycle
    C.data cycle
    D.data processing cycle
End of Unit Two

								
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