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Architecture of National Commissions for UNESCO

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Architecture of National Commissions for UNESCO Powered By Docstoc
					  Overview on National
Commissions for UNESCO
  Interregional Information Seminar for New
 Secretaries-General of National Commissions

       Paris, 26 February-2 March 2007




                By Xiaolin Cheng
    Chief, Section for National Commissions
                (ERC/RSC/NAC)
Table of Contents


1.   Origin and creation
2.   Status and structure
3.   Basic functions
4.   Key roles in reform process
5.   Capacity-building



                                   2
1.   Origin and Creation of National
     Commissions

 1) Why were they needed?

    Debate on the nature of UNESCO leads to the
     creation of such a special structure representing
     both the government departments and non-
     governmental institutions

    Achievement of the ideals and purposes of
     UNESCO demands cooperation on the widest
     possible scale within member states
                                                         3
1.     Origin and Creation
       of National Commissions

2) What has been decided?

    The Constitution of UNESCO adopted in
     London on 16 Nov. 1945

    The charter of national commissions
     Adopted in Paris on 17 Nov. 1978
                                             4
1.     Origin and Creation
       of National Commissions
3) Number increased throughout years

   By end of 2006: Out of 191 Member States and 6
    Associate Members, 189 MS and 3 AM
    established a NatCom, but there were only

   34 in 1949
   72 in 1959
   129 in 1979
   152 in 1990
                                                     5
2. Status and Structure of National
   Commissions

   They are national entities set up by MS
    and working at inter-ministerial and
    inter-sectorial level
   70% attached to Education Ministries
   20% affiliated with Foreign Ministries
   -10% located in Culture or S &T Ministries
   Even a few of them autonomous         Position within Government




                                                                       Govenrmental
                                                                       Semi-Governmental
                                                                       Autonomous




                                                                                           6
2. Status and Structure of National
   Commissions

     Three fold relations and double life

   Within the country
    - vis à vis the government (inc. Perm. Delegation)
    - vis à vis the scientific communities and national
      partners

   Between the country and UNESCO
    - vis à vis UNESCO (HQ and FOs & Institutes)

                                                          7
2. Status and Structure of National
   Commissions

    Broad membership within national context
    - Government representatives
    - Educational, scientific and cultural institutions
    - Parliamentarians & municipalities
    - Media representatives
    - Women and youth organizations
    - NGOs
    - Individual experts, eminent personalities, etc.


                                                          8
2. Status and Structure of National
   Commissions

   Subsidiary organs
    - General Assembly
    - Executive Council
    - Programme Committees or Sub-Committees
    - Ad-hoc working groups
    - Secretariat




                                               9
3. Basic Functions of National
   Commissions

   Expected duties
    - Advisory
    - Liaison
    - Information
    - Programme elaboration and execution




                                            10
3. Basic Functions of National
   Commissions

   Advise the government on
    country’s overall relation with UNESCO, e.g.
    participation in the Executive Broad & General
    Conference, political issues (elections, DRs,
    legal instruments, etc)

   Advise the partners on
    ways of dealing with UNESCO, channels of
    contact, procedures, principles, regulations, etc.

                                                         11
3. Basic Functions of National
   Commissions

   Liaison between government, permanent
    delegation, partners and individuals




   Liaison between the national authorities and
    UNESCO, related UN agencies & regional
    organizations
                                                   12
3. Basic Functions of National
   Commissions
   Promote UNESCO’s ideals & programmes and
    disseminate information & data on NatCom
    actions & activities via

   UNESCO’s World Reports, Books, Periodicals
    translated into national language
   Documentation Centre & Library
   Newsletters, Brochures & Annual Reports of the
    NatCom
   Website, CD-ROM
   Media coverage


                                                     13
3. Basic Functions of National
   Commissions
   Programme elaboration & execution

   National, cluster and regional consultations on the
    preparation of UNESCO Medium Term Strategy
    (C/4) and Biennial Programme and Budget (C/5)

   Implementation of activities at national and sub-
    regional levels (meetings, celebrations, exhibitions,
    studies/surveys, publications, prize awarding, etc.),
    financed by different resources (RP, PP, EB)

                                                          14
4. Enhanced roles of National
   Commissions in the reform process

 Key actors in the decentralization

   Contributing to the attainment of decentralization goals
   Interface and cooperation with UNESCO field offices and
    institutes
   Involvement in decentralized programming and projects
   Participation in CCA (Common Country Assessment)
    /UNDAF (UN Development Assistance Framework)
    process and One UN planning


                                                           15
4. Enhanced roles of National
   Commissions in the reform process

 Linkage to civil society partners

   Programme networks to be sustained:
    UNESCO Clubs, Centres and Associations; Associated
    Schools (ASPnet); UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs; NGOs
   New partners to be forged:
    Parliamentarians; Cities and local authorities; Private
    sector
   Monitoring & supervising the use of UNESCO’s name,
    logo and Internet domain names by national partners

                                                          16
4. Enhanced roles of National
   Commissions in the reform process

   Contributing to improved visibility and
    awareness at national level

   Privileged status within the government structure
   Close link with the partners
   Improved capacities in communication
   Direct access to Media

                                                        17
5. Capacity-building for National
   Commissions

   Why for stronger NatCom?

   Old entities have to be reviewed and adjusted
   New changes and challenges need to be addressed
   Great disparities must be filled
   New functions should be fulfilled



                                                  18
5. Capacity-building for National
   Commissions

 How      to strengthen them?

Shared responsibility and joint effort by both sides

   MS’s duties to provide adequate structure and
    resources, qualified staff
   UNESCO’s task to assist, facilitate and encourage
    them to fulfill their responsibilities
                                                       19
5. Capacity-building for National
   Commissions

   What have been done?

   Advocacy and awareness towards authorities and
    partners (DG’s CL, publications, database,
    website/portal)
   Training at all levels on key issues
   Updating office equipment
   Involving NatCom in the decentralization &
    interface with FO
                                                     20
5. Capacity-building for National
   Commissions

   Future challenges

   Reviewing training modalities and contents
   Increasing local impact
   Ensuring proper resources
   Keeping NatCom leaders and staff stable



                                                 21

				
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