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_293_ 13. On designed roads in the United States_ both vertical

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_293_ 13. On designed roads in the United States_ both vertical Powered By Docstoc
					Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                Round 2


1. History Recent


TOSSUP The United States initiated "Operation Vittles", to supply this divided city, closed by a
Russian blockade from June 1948 through May 1949. For 10 points -- name this city, reunited
in 1989 after the destruction of the 1961 Wall dividing it?
Answer:         Berlin


BONUS The year 1989 was of course a golden year for freedom. Before that, during the Cold
War, there were a number of Eastern European uprisings. Name the countries of these earlier
uprisings for the stated number of points:
A. (5) Alexander Dubcek led this country during the Prague Spring of 1968?
Answer:         Czechoslovakia (do not accept Czech Republic)
B. (10) Janos Kadar replaced the rebellious Imre Nagy as this country's Premier in 1956?
Answer:         Hungary
C. (15) Gomulka was this country's Party Secretary in 1956 , supposedly rehabilitated after five
years in jail, who had a coup plotted against him by Marshall Rokssovsky, a former Soviet
officer.
Answer:         Poland


2. Geography


TOSSUP The poem "Las Segas de Esplandian" described an island rich in gold and jewels and
inhabited by Amazon-like women. The name of this island was applied by Cortes to a place once
thought to be an island, and then was extended northward. For 10 points-What state bears the
name, and is indeed inhabited by Amazon-like women and other movie stars, aerospace
engineers, and the Silicon Valley.
Answer:         California


BONUS Motown is Detroit and Denver is the Mile High City, identify the following cities by
their nicknames, for 10 points each:
A. Gateway to the West
Answer:         St. Louis
B. The Hub or Beantown
Answer:         Boston
C. The Windy City
Answer:         Chicago


1                                                                    (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                               Round 2


3. Religion/Mythology/Philosophy


TOSSUP He began his career as a literary critic, co-authoring a 1944 book about Joyce called "A
Skeleton Key to Finnegan's Wake". A popularizer of Jung and comparative religions, who FOR
10 POINTS -- wrote "The Hero With a Thousand Faces" (1948) and "The Mythic Image"
(1983)?
Answer:         Joseph Campbell


BONUS Answer these questions about the Trojan War and its warriors (5 points per person):
A. Who killed Patroclus, thus bringing Achilles out of seclusion?
Answer:         Hector
B. Who are the parents of Hector?
Answer:         King Priam and Hecuba
C. Who kept Odysseus eight years on his journey home?
Answer:         Calypso
D. Who are the parents of Achilles?
Answer:         Peleus and Thetis


4. Math - Computer Science Engineering


TOSSUP His test may tell you if your reader is intelligent or just a machine for reading
questions. Portrayed by Derek Jacobi in "Breaking the Code", his private life has become as
influential as his work. He was a homosexual, mathematical genius whose work led to the
development of Artificial Intelligence. For 10 points -- who is this enigmatic man, whose
machine can compute anything?
Answer: Alan Turing


BONUS Name these members of the National Inventor's Hall of Fame from a description of their
invention
A. For - Computer vector register processing. He developed the supercomputer.
Answer:         Seymour Cray, ,
B For Electrophotography. He invented xerographic dry-copy printing basing his process on
electrostatics as opposed to chemical or photographic processes
Answer:         Chester F Carlson,
C. Art of compiling statistic. He invented a punch card tabulation machine system that
revolutionized statistical tabulation of the 1890 census.

2                                                                   (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                  Round 2


Answer:       Herman Hollerith,




3                                         (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                  Round 2


5. Music/Dance Film/Stage


TOSSUP Born Issur Danielovitch, the son of a Russian Jewish ragpicker and junk man, he had
the literal rags to riches story, becoming a legendary Hollywood "Tough Guy". He debuted in
"The Strange Love of Martha Ivers", but did not achieve fame until later films such as "Lust for
Life", "Paths of Glory", and "Spartacus". For 10 points -- name this actor, often teamed with
Burt Lancaster, whose son Michael also became a celebrated "Tough Guy"?
Answer:         Kirk Douglas


BONUS A Beatles Question. Tell me their original artists of the following: (five each, five for all
five):
A.      Act Naturally
Answer:         Buck Owen,
B. Twist and Shout
Answer:         Chuck Berry,
C. Roll Over Beethoven
Answer:         Chuck Berry,
D. Hey, Hey, Hey, Hey
Answer:         Little Richard Penniman,
E. Come Together
Answer:         The Beatles


6. Literature US
TOSSUP Her life ranges from St. Louis to rural black America, to being an unwed mother in San
Francisco, to the black liberation movement of the 1960's. Between 1970 and 1981, she wrote
four volumes of memoirs, including Gather Together in My Name, Singin' and Swingin' and
Gettin' Merry Like Christmas, and The Heart of a Woman. For 10 points -- name the author most
famous for the first volume in that series, the 1970 I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.
Answer:         Maya Angelou


BONUS Identify the following authors by their works:
a. Invisible Man (winner of the 1952 National Book Award)
Answer:         Ralph Waldo Ellison
b. Just Above My Head, Blues for Mr. Charlie, and The Fire Next Time
Answer:         James Baldwin
c. Lyrics of Lowly Life in 1896

4                                                                      (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                  Round 2


Answer:       Paul Laurence Dunbar




5                                         (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                   Round 2




7. Science - Biology/Anthropology/Paleontology


TOSSUP Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease, Scrapie, and Bovine spongiform encephalopathy or Mad
Cow Disease are unusual in that they are caused by neither viruses nor bacteria, but rather by
another kind of agent. For 10 points -- name this agent which is pure protein that victimizes
other proteins?
Answer:         Prions (proteinaceous infectious particles)


BONUS Biology Grab Bag, answer the following random questions (five points per answer)
A. The scientific and common names of these two diseases are similar to each other, give the
scientific name of German Measles and good old fashioned Measles
Answer:          German Measles = Rubella, Measles = Rubeola
B. When metabolized, into what two simpler sugars is sucrose split by the process of hydrolysis?
Answer:         glucose, fructose
C. These are the two main classifications of seed plants
Answer :        Gymnosperms and Angiosperms


8. Literature Foreign


TOSSUP This book's central thesis is that all cultures have a life cycle. In the beginning, they
are youthful, with creative and religious fervor, but by the end, they are merely trying to maintain
their status and expand power rather than renew their meaning. For 10 points -- name this
Oswald Spengler work?
Answer:         The Decline of the West


BONUS Foreign Literature Grab Bag (five points per answer, five seconds per part)
A. Who were the famous lovers of Heloise and of Beatrice
Answer:         Heloise = Pierre Abelard, Beatrice = Dante Alighieri
B. What two men wrote the French Political Philosophical works The Social Contract and the
Spirit of the Laws:
Answer:         The Social Contract = Jean Jacques Rousseau, The Spirit of Laws =
Montesquieu
C. The French hero Roland has been immortalized in two Italian poems, name the authors of
Orlando Furioso and Orlando Innamorato
Answer:          Orlando Furioso = Ariosto, Orlando Innamorato = Boiardo

6                                                                       (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                  Round 2




7                                         (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                Round 2


9. History US


TOSSUP At the age of 25, she was awarded a faculty position at UCLA's Department of
Philosophy, but the furor that ensued forced her out the following year. Her fortunes took an odd
turn, the brother of a convict used one of her guns to seize a courtroom where the "Soledad
Brothers" trial was underway. Accused of being an accessory to the crime and conspiracy, she
fled and was in hiding for a year. For 10 points -- name this famous African American
communist?
Answer:         Angela Davis


BONUS Name these other famous rebels for 10 points each:
A This Hopkintown, Massachusetts native served in the United States Revolutionary War but the
post war depression hit him hard. In 1786 he led 800 men to the arsenal at Springfield, and in
1787 his force was defeated. He fled to Vermont and was pardoned.
Answer:         Daniel Shays
B. In 1799 , this Bucks County rebel led Pennsylvania Germans in oppostion to the federal
property tax. He was sentenced to death, but pardoned by John Adams.
Answer:         John Fries
C. He led the 1840- 1842 rebellion over the state Constitution in Rhode Island?
Answer:         Thomas Wilson Dorr


10. Literature English Language


TOSSUP She was born in Ottawa in 1939 and grew up in northern Quebec and Ontario and in
Toronto. Writing in the interstices between literature and science fiction and fantasy, her novel
The Robber Bride, was co-winner of the 1994 Trillium Award. For 10 points -- name this author
of “The Handmaid’s Tale”
Answer:         Margaret Atwood


BONUS What women wrote the following works about horses, for 10 points each:
A Misty of Chincoteague                         Answer:         Marguerite Henry
B. National Velvet                              Answer:         Enid Bagnold
C. Black Beauty                                 Answer:         Anna Sewell




8                                                                     (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                    Round 2


11. Art/Architecture/Photography


TOSSUP Sometimes called "The Black Gang", "The Apostles of Ugliness", or "The Eight", these
young painters included Robert Henry, Everett Shinn, George Luks, John Sloan, Arthur B.
Davies, William Glackens, Ernest Lawson, and Maurice Prendergast. For 10 points -- name this
group who painted the squalidness of contemporary urbanity, and were exhibited at the Armory
Show with the modernists?
Answer:         The Ash-Can School


BONUS Identify the following Washington D.C. landmarks from a brief description:
A. Designed by John Russell Pope, it is due south of the White House on the shore of the Tidal
Basin
Answer:         Jefferson Memorial
B. The statue was designed by Daniel Chester French, the building by Henry Bacon, this
presidential memorial is due west of the Capitol
Answer:         Lincoln Memorial
C. The original plan was designed by Robert Mills, this memorial is both due south of the White
House and due west of the Capitol
Answer:         Washington Monument


12. Science - Physics Chemistry
TOSSUP Because she was denied entrance to the University of Warsaw, she moved to Paris to
study at the Sorbonne. There she graduated at the top of her class in Physics and second in
mathematics. After the death of her husband, she discovered that radiation may be used to cure
disease, and was awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, her second Nobel. For 10 points --
name this scientist, whose daughter also won the Prize?
Answer:         Marie (Sklodowska) Curie


BONUS Identify these types of Distillation for 15 points each:
A. In this type, a liquid mixture of substances with different boiling points is repeatedly distilled
at different temperatures, and the parts obtained from each distillation are drawn off and
condensed separately.
Answer:         Fractional Distillation
B. This type involves heating, out of free contact with the air, materials such as wood, coal, or oil
shale, and collecting separately the portions driven off. Wood yields acetic acid, wood alcohol,
charcoal, and hydrocarbons.
Answer:         Destructive Distillation


9                                                                       (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                               Round 2




13. History Europe


TOSSUP Its original member states, from 1967, were France, Italy, West Germany, Belgium, the
Netherlands, and Luxembourg. Implemented by Robert Schuman, the French foreign minister, it
comprised the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Atomic Energy Community,
and the European Economic Community. For 10 points -- name the collective organization
subsumed by the European Union after the Maastricht treaty?
Answer:         European Community (accept European Union before it is given)


BONUS Answer the following questions about Christian feuding for 10 points each:
A. Within 10, in what year was the Great Schism between the East and West Churches made
final?
Answer:         1054 (1044-1064)
B. Give a year during the schism of the Roman Catholic Church, which was settled by Martin V?
Answer:         1378-1415
C. At what 1521 diet was Martin Luther permitted to retract his heresies, an opportunity he
declined, but after which, he was not killed because of the efforts of the Elector of Saxony?
Answer:         The Diet of Worms


14. Science - Geology/Astronomy/Meteorology/Archeology


TOSSUP The stars 51 Pegasi and GL229 may not sound special, but they are two of the first.
For 10 points -- What was found at these two stars that had been known about only once before?
Answer:         They have orbiting planets


BONUS Answer these questions about early space flight for 10 points each:
A. Who was the first woman in space?
Answer:         Valentina Tereshkova
B. Who piloted Vostok 2, the first manned space flight of more than a single orbit?
Answer:         Gherman Slepanovich Titov
C. In what year was Sputnik, the first man-made satellite launched
Answer:         1957




10                                                                    (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                     Round 2


15. Economics/Business/Government/Political Science


TOSSUP This auto company, after producing arms in World War I, introduced the Type A in
1919. In 1934 it introduced front wheel drive, and in 1939, it introduced a car that, with
variation, remained in production until 1990. For 10 points -- name the French company that
manufactured the 2CV, a major rival to the Volkswagen Beetle?
Answer:          Citroen


BONUS Japanese companies are not often associated with the entrepreneur, given the individual,
name the company they founded for 15 points, if you need another clue, you get 5 points
A.      (15) Akio Morita
        (5) One of the world's leading consumer electronics brands
Answer:          Sony
B.      (15) Naoaru Yamashina
        (5) The leading toy company in Japan, they make Power Rangers
Answer:          Bandai


16. Psychology/Sociology/Linguistics


TOSSUP On May 31, 1921, a race riot tore this city apart, though the editorial in the town's
main newspaper "To Lynch a Negro Tonight" has been excised from all extant copies of the
paper. For 10 points -- name this Oklahoma city now better known as the home to Anita Hill
and Oral Roberts.
Answer:          Tulsa, Oklahoma


BONUS Answer these questions on Affirmative Action
A.       In 1996, a federal court ruled in this case that public universities could no longer use race
as a factor when considering applicants.
Answer:          Hopwood v. Texas
B.      This man, a regent of the University of California, led the movement in favor of
Proposition 209, The California Civil Rights Initiative
Answer:          Ward Connerly
C.      This 1978 Supreme Court case was the first chink in affirmitive action's armor,
challenging admissions based solely on race
Answer:        University of California Regents v.Bakke           (accept Bakke v. University of
California Regents)


11                                                                       (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                  Round 2


17. Sports Popular Culture

TOSSUP "I'm not an actress who can create a character. I play me." She starred in the movie
"Thoroughly Modern Millie" and garnered an Oscar nomination for "Ordinary People." For 10
points -- name this actress best loved for her TV roles of Laura Petrie and Mary Richards on her
self-named show.
Answer:         Mary Tyler Moore

BONUS While Rhoda Morgenstern may have been television's only window-dresser, other
window-dressers and stage set decorators went on to do more prominent work
A. His series of children's books began as a parable on the gold standard.
Answer:         L. Frank Baum,
B. He penned Where the Wild Things Are
Answer:         Maurice Sendak,
C. He is known for directing such popular movies as Meet Me in St. Louis and The Pirate, and
marrying their star
Answer:         Vincente Minnelli


18. Miscellaneous 1


TOSSUP Its followers believe that it is both a natural and mystical presence, an energy field that
both suffuses and binds. Religious disciples master three major skills: self-control, sense, of its
presence, and the ability to alter the perceptions of those around them. Culminating in periodic
struggles between good and evil. For 10 points -- name this field whose will is revealed by tiny
life forms called Midi-Chlorian.
Answer:         The Force


BONUS Name these Jewish religious philosophers for 10 points each:
A. Alive from the 2nd half of the first century BCE, this Jewish sage was the foremost talmudic
scholar and interpreter of Jewish tradition.
Answer:         Hillel
B. In 1670 he wrote Tractatus Theologico-Politicus that showed the bible gives no support to
intolerance of religious authorities, nor their interference in public affairs.
Answer:         Baruch Spinoza
C. At the age of 16 he penned the Arabic "Treatise on Logical Terminology", but is best known
for the 1191 "The Guide for the Perplexed"
Answer:         Moses Maimonides


12                                                                     (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                                  Round 2


19. History World /Ancient


TOSSUP The 125th direct descendant of Jimmu, this Marine biologist broke a 1500 year
tradition and married a commoner, Shoda Michiko. His reign has been designated "Heisei" or
achieving peace. For 10 points -- name this fifth child and oldest son of Nagako and Hirohito,
who in 1989 became Emporer of Japan.
Answer:         Akihito


BONUS Place the following Japanese historical periods in correct chronological order:
Tokugawa, Nara, Heian, Kamakura, and Muromachi. (5 points for each in correct position, 5 for
all correct)
Answer:       Nara (710-794), Heian (794- 1185), Kamakura (1185 - 1333), Muromachi (1333-
1600), Tokugawa (1616-1868)


20. Miscellaneous 2



TOSSUP In 1771 his attempt to kidnap King Stanislaw II failed and brought the Russians and
Austrians into his native Poland. In exile in Paris, he met Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane,
where he arranged to serve in the American Revolution. He fought well at Brandywine but had
disagreements with General Wayne, but was permitted to organize a guerrilla corps, which was
defeated at The Battle of Egg Harbor. Whose defense of Charleston Harbor was successful, but -
- for 10 points -- died in a gallant charge while defending Savannah.

Answer:         Count Kazimierz Pulaski



BONUS Name these Civil War Generals from clues (10 points each):

A. He was commander of the right wing at Shiloh and promoted to full General, he relieved
Beauregard in command of the Army of the Tennessee. In September 1863 he won at
Chickamauga.

Answer:         Braxton Bragg

B. Under Longstreet at Gettysburg and Chickamauga, he replaced Gen. J.E. Johnston as
Confederate leader in Atlanta, but in 1864 was destroyed and relieved at Nashville.

Answer:         John Bell Hood

C. This cavalry leader served under Grant first in the western theatre, and then in the Army of the
Potomac, where he defeated Jubal Early.

Answer:         Philip Henry Sheridan
13                                                                     (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                  Round 2




14                                        (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                               Round 2


Emergency Tossup 2
TOSSUP Including boarding houses, day care, typing instruction this organization became more
liberal than its name implies. Providing housing for interned Japanese Americans after World
War II and supporting abortion rights, it was an early opponent of racism. In 1859 the Boston
chapter began with this name -- for 10 points following the formation in 1858 of the U.S. Ladies
Christian Association in New York.
Answer:          Young Women's Christian Association


TOSSUP Born in Baltimore, in 1924, he served in the Marines during the second World War,
out of which came his first novel "Battle Cry". He wrote the scenario for "Gunfight at the OK
Corral". Other novels include "Mila 18", "Armeggeddon", "Topaz", "QB VII", and "Trinity". For
10 points – name this author of "Exodus".

Answer:         Leon Uris


TOSSUP A mathematical chemist, he began working for Guinness in Dublin. Fluctuations in
materials and temperature used for brewing led him to develop a statistical test for small-
samples. For 10 points, who publishing under the pseudonym “student” developed the t-test
Answer:         William Sealy Gosset




15                                                                   (c) 2001 David Levinson
Minnesota Junior Bird, January 20, 2001                                              Round 2


Emergency Bonus 2


BONUS Wings sang "Jet, the lady was a suffragette." Name these lady suffragettes for the
stated number of points:
A. (5,5) Name the two suffragette leaders at the Seneca Falls Convention.
Answer:          Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott:
B. (10) . She campaigned for temperance and women's rights in the magazine Lily. Name the
feminist of the 1850's came to be associated with full trousers for women and "dress reform."
Answer:          Amelia Jenks Bloomer

C. (10) She founded the International Women's Suffrage Association and League of Women
Voters, was a President of the National American Women's Suffrage Association, and convinced
Woodrow Wilson to pass a suffrage amendment.

answer: Carrie Clinton Lane Chapman Catt


BONUS Name the 5 largest islands in the Mediterranean for five points each and five for all
correct.
Answer: Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete


BONUS In what works of literature would you find the following little people:
A. Little Eva                           Answer:           Uncle Tom's Cabin
B. Little John                          Answer:           Robin Hood or Ivanhoe
C. Little Nell Trent                    Answer:           The Old Curiosity Shop




16                                                                    (c) 2001 David Levinson

				
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