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					 QUEANBEYAN CITY COUNCIL



  DEVELOPMENT
CONTROL PLAN NO 55




  CONTAMINATED
LAND MANAGEMENT

                  Adopted by Resolution of Council: 6 April 2005
                                     Notification: 22 April 2005
                                                 File: SF010023
                                                TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0       INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 5
2.0       PURPOSE OF THE PLAN ................................................................................................. 5
3.0       OBJECTIVES ...................................................................................................................... 5
4.0       OPERATION OF THIS PLAN ........................................................................................... 5
5.0       LAND TO WHICH THIS PLAN APPLIES ...................................................................... 5
6.0       RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER PLANS ............................................................................. 6
7.0       COUNCIL’S DECISION MAKING PROCESS ............................................................... 6
8.0       COUNCIL’S REQUIREMENTS FOR REMEDIATION ................................................ 7
  8.1          CATEGORY 1 REMEDIATION WORK.................................................................................... 8
  8.2          CATEGORY 2 REMEDIATION WORKS .................................................................................. 9
9.0       REMEDIAL ACTION PLANS (RAP) ............................................................................... 9
10.0      SITE MANAGEMENT FOR CATEGORY 2 REMEDIATION WORKS ................... 10
  10.1     HOURS OF OPERATION ..................................................................................................... 10
  10.2     SOIL AND WATER MANAGEMENT .................................................................................... 10
     10.2.1     Stockpiles ............................................................................................................... 10
     10.2.2     Site Access.............................................................................................................. 10
     10.2.3     Excavation Pump-Out ............................................................................................ 11
     10.2.4     Landscaping Rehabilitation ................................................................................... 11
     10.2.5     Bunding .................................................................................................................. 11
  10.3     NOISE ............................................................................................................................... 11
     10.3.1     Intrusive Noise Impacts .......................................................................................... 11
     10.3.2     Determining Background Noise ............................................................................. 11
  10.4     VIBRATION ....................................................................................................................... 12
  10.5     AIR QUALITY ................................................................................................................... 12
     10.5.1     Dust Control .......................................................................................................... 12
     10.5.2     Odour Control........................................................................................................ 12
  10.6     GROUNDWATER ............................................................................................................... 13
  10.7     TRANSPORT ...................................................................................................................... 13
  10.8     HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ................................................................................................. 14
  10.9     DISPOSAL OF CONTAMINATED SOIL ................................................................................. 14
  10.10 CONTAINMENT/CAPPING OF CONTAMINATED SOIL .......................................................... 14
  10.11 IMPORTATION OF FILL ...................................................................................................... 14
  10.12 SITE SIGNAGE AND CONTACT NUMBERS .......................................................................... 15
  10.13 COMMUNITY CONSULTATION........................................................................................... 15
  10.14 SITE SECURITY ................................................................................................................. 15
  10.15 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY............................................................................. 15
  10.16 REMOVAL OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS .............................................................. 15
11.0      VALIDATION REPORT .................................................................................................. 15
  11.1         REVIEW OF VALIDATION REPORT .................................................................................... 15
12.0      INDEPENDENT AUDITING ........................................................................................... 16
  12.1         NSW SITE AUDITOR SCHEME .......................................................................................... 16
  12.2         SITE AUDIT STATEMENTS................................................................................................. 16
  12.3         WHEN COUNCIL MAY REQUIRE A SITE AUDIT ................................................................. 16
  12.4         SITE AUDITS ..................................................................................................................... 16
13.0      RECORDING AND COMMUNITY INFORMATION.................................................. 17
  13.1         MANAGEMENT OF COUNCIL‟S INFORMATION................................................................... 17
  13.2         SECTION 149 PLANNING CERTIFICATES ........................................................................... 17
  13.3         ACCESS TO COUNCIL INFORMATION................................................................................. 18
APPENDIX 1 – SCHEDULE OF POTENTIALLY CONTAMINATING ACTIVITIES ......... 20
APPENDIX 2 – SOURCES OF SITE HISTORY INFORMATION FOR PRELIMINARY
SITE INVESTIGATIONS ............................................................................................................... 23
APPENDIX 3 – NOTICE TO COUNCIL OF CATEGORY 2 REMEDIATION WORKS ...... 23
DEFINITIONS .................................................................................................................................. 24
REFERENCE DOCUMENTS......................................................................................................... 25
1.0       INTRODUCTION
The contamination of land can have debilitating effects on humans and the environment. Activities
associated with the use, storage and disposal of contaminants can potentially impact on soils,
groundwater, surface water and air. Such contamination can impact on the health and well being of
the community and on the integrity of buildings, structures and service facilities.

Council acknowledges that prevention of contamination is of paramount importance. Adverse
impacts from contamination can occur as a result of accidents or of ongoing poorly managed
industrial, agricultural or commercial activities. Accordingly, steps need to be taken to minimise the
creation of contaminated sites and to prevent the further contamination of already contaminated
sites.

It is important that the planning process identifies land contamination at an early stage. A
knowledge and understanding of a site‟s history is essential before further development,
redevelopment, rezoning or subdivision is considered.

2.0       PURPOSE OF THE PLAN
This plan forms the basis for the best practice and management of contaminated land within the City
of Queanbeyan.

This policy has been prepared in recognition of Council‟s responsibilities and is made as a policy
under the Managing Land Contamination Planning Guidelines (August 1998) and State
Environmental Planning Policy No 55 – Remediation of Land (SEPP 55).

3.0       OBJECTIVES
The objectives of this plan are:

(a)    To enable Council to more adequately identify, record and manage known and potentially
       contaminated land.

(b)    To provide direction for Council in the gathering and assessment of information in relation to
       previous land use activities that may have resulted in contamination.

(c)    To assist Council in the discharge of its functions and responsibilities in relation to existing
       and potential land contamination with reasonable care and due diligence to minimise
       potential risk to both public health and the environment.

(d)    To inform the community, particularly those interested or involved in the planning and
       development process, of Council‟s procedures relating to existing or potential land
       contamination.

(e)    To ensure that all stakeholders are aware of their responsibilities for the ongoing
       management of contaminated land.

4.0       OPERATION OF THIS PLAN
This plan has been prepared in accordance with the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act
1979, as amended. It was adopted by Council on 6 April 2005, and operated from the date the
notification was advertised in the newspaper, being 22 April 2005.

5.0       LAND TO WHICH THIS PLAN APPLIES
This plan applies to all land within the Queanbeyan City local government area.




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   6.0       RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER PLANS
   This document must be read in conjunction with any relevant planning instrument which applies to
   the land.

   Where there is an inconsistency between this plan and any environmental planning instrument
   applying to the same land, the provisions of the environmental planning instrument shall prevail.

   An environmental planning instrument includes a State Environmental Planning Policy, a Regional
   Environmental Plan or Local Environmental Plan.

   In addition, the following related legislation may apply:

   Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (as amended)
   Local Government Act 1993 (as amended)
   Contaminated Land Management Act 1997
   Contaminated Land Management Regulation 1998
   State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP) 55 - Remediation of Land
   Waste Minimisation and Management Act 1995 and Regulation 1996
   Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997

   7.0       COUNCIL’S DECISION MAKING PROCESS
   In determining all rezoning, subdivision and development applications, Council must consider the
   possibility of land contamination and the implications it has for any proposed or permissible future
   uses of the land. A list of activities and land uses that could potentially result in contamination are
   included in Appendix 1 – Schedule of Potentially Contaminating Activities.

   If contamination is, or may be present, the proponent must investigate the site and provide Council
   with the information it needs to carry out its planning functions (Refer to Figure 1).

   Figure 1: Decision process for land use changes


                                             Initial Evaluation
               NO                  Have there been any activities on the
                                   site which may have had the potential
                                          to cause contamination?
Landuse change may be
  considered without
   further regard to              Is information sufficient to consider
    contamination
                                       options and make planning
                                               decisions?
                  YES                                                                  NO


      Council makes decision                                          Proponent needs to provide further
      and records information                                         information to show the land is suitable
                                                                      for the proposed use. This may include
                                                                      one or more of the following:
                                                                      Stage 1 – Preliminary Investigation
                                                                      Stage 2 – Detailed Investigation
                                                                      Stage 3 – Remedial Action Plan
                                                                      Stage 4 - Validation



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The appropriate level of investigation will depend on the circumstances and may involve one or
more of the following stages:

Stage 1 – Preliminary Investigation

The objectives of a preliminary investigation are to:

     Identify any past or present potentially contaminating activities (Appendix 2 outlines possible
      sources in identifying site history),

     Provide a preliminary assessment of any site contamination, and

     Provide the basis for more detailed investigation, if required.

A preliminary investigation is not necessary where contamination is not an issue.

Stage 2 – Detailed Investigation

A detailed investigation is only necessary when a preliminary investigation indicates that the land is
contaminated, or was, formerly used for a potentially contaminating activity as listed in Appendix 1.

A detailed investigation will also need to be conducted as part of a remediation proposal.

The objectives of a detailed investigation are to:

     Define the nature, extent and degree of contamination,

     Assess potential risk posed by contaminants to health and the environment, and

     Obtain sufficient information for the development of a remedial action plan (RAP), if required.

Stage 3 – Remedial Action Plan (RAP)

The objectives of the RAP is to set remediation objectives and document the process to remediate
the site.

Stage 4 – Validation and Monitoring

The objectives of validation and monitoring is to demonstrate whether the objectives stated in the
RAP and any conditions of development consent have been complied with. Consultants should
follow the NSW Environmental Protection Authority‟s (EPA) guidelines when validating the site.

It should be noted that not every site will require all four stages of investigation. However, the
proponent is responsible for engaging a suitably qualified consultant to undertake the
contamination investigation. In addition, the proponent is responsible for all costs borne in
engaging the consultant and site auditor, where necessary.

8.0         COUNCIL’S REQUIREMENTS FOR REMEDIATION
SEPP No 55 specifies when consent is or is not required for remediation work.

This section defines category 1 and category 2 remediation work, and outlines the procedures and
site management provisions for remediation work, where applicable.

Council’s provisions for considering site remediation proposals are shown in Figure 2.




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           Figure 2: Council Procedures for Considering Site Remediation Proposals

                                        Is the proposed remediation Category 1 or Category 2
                                             Remediation? (Refer to Clause 9 of SEPP 55)


               Category 1 Remediation                                                          Category 2 Remediation
               (consent required)                                                              (consent NOT required)



                    Submit new DA for remediation                    Notify Council 30 days before the
                    works or amend current DA to                     commencement of remediation work in
AUDITOR             include    proposed     remediation              accordance with Clause 16 of SEPP 55.
REVIEW              works. Copies of preliminary or                  Supply Council with copies of
                    detailed investigation and remedial              preliminary    and    detailed   site
                    action plan must be submitted to                 investigations and remedial action
                    Council.                                         plan.



                    DA advertised for 30 days                        Council agrees that the proposed work
                                                                     is Category 2 remediation.
                                                                                                                    NO
                                                                                                     YES

    Council DA approved subject to                    DA refused                Carry out remediation works in
    satisfactory remediation, validation                                        accordance with site management
    and issuing of Site Audit Statement                                         provisions detailed in Chapter 10 of
    at completion of works (if required).             AUDITOR                   Council‟s Contaminated Land Policy.
                                                      REVIEW



    Notify Council within 30 days of                                           Notify Council within 30 days of completion of
    completion of remediation work in                                          remediation work in accordance with Clauses
    accordance with Clauses 17 and 18 of                                       17 and 18 of SEPP 55. Supply Council with
    SEPP 55. Supply Council with copies of                                     copies of any validation reports and any other
    any validation reports and any other                                       relevant contamination reports.
    relevant contamination reports



           8.1          Category 1 Remediation Work

           Development consent is generally only required for remediation work where there is potential for
           significant environmental impacts from the work. Remediation work, which requires development
           consent, is known as category 1 remediation work, which is:

           A      Designated development, or

           B      carried out or to be carried out on land declared to be a critical habitat, or

           C      likely to have significant effect on a critical habitat or a threatened species, population or
                  ecological community, or

           D      development for which another State Environmental Planning Policy or a Regional
                  Environmental Plan requires development consent, or




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E     carried out or to be carried out in an area or zone to which any classifications to the following
      effect apply under an environmental planning instrument:

      i      coastal protection,
      ii     conservation or heritage conservation,
      iii    habitat area, habitat protection area, habitat or wildlife corridor,
      iv     environment protection,
      v      escarpment, escarpment protection or escarpment preservation,
      vi     floodway,
      vii    littoral rainforest,
      viii   nature reserve,
      ix     scenic or scenic protection
      x      wetland, or

F     carried out or to be carried out on any land in a manner that does not comply with a policy made
      under the contaminated land management guidelines by Council.

SEPP 55 defines Category 1 remediation work as advertised development unless the remediation
work is designated development or State significant development.

All Category 1 remediation work must be advertised for 30 days pursuant to section 29A of the
Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.

If remedial works constitute Category 1 remediation work, Council may enforce remediation
requirements by:

     requiring the applicant to amend their current application to include a remediation proposal, or

     requiring a new and separate development application for the remediation works before the
      development application for the use is considered.

8.2           Category 2 Remediation Works
Category 2 remediation work is all remediation work that is not Category 1 remediation work.

Clause 16 of SEPP 55 requires that prior notice of Category 2 remediation work must be provided to
Council at least 30 days before commencement of works. Appendix 3 outlines what must be
contained within the notice.

Although consent is not required for Category 2 remediation work, Council will need to be
satisfied that the site is suitable for the proposed use when considering any subsequent
development applications for the site. It is recommended that comprehensive records be
maintained during the remediation and validation works for all sites.

9.0           REMEDIAL ACTION PLANS (RAP)
A RAP shall be prepared for all remediation proposals and shall be submitted to Council with or in
conjunction with, a development application for assessment. The RAP may form part of an
environmental impact statement if the remediation work is designated development.

The RAP is to be prepared by an appropriately qualified and experienced person. The objectives of
a remedial action plan (RAP) are to:

     Ensure that the site will be suitable for the proposed land use and will pose no unacceptable risk
      to human health or the environment,

     Provide details of the selected remedial strategy,




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   Identify all necessary approvals and licenses required from all the relevant regulatory
    authorities, and

   Provide details of monitoring to be undertaken both during and after the remedial works.

The RAP shall demonstrate how the risk posed by contamination will be reduced to acceptable
levels and achieve the remediation goals. The objectives of the remediation strategy and the clean
up criteria recommended shall be clearly stated in the RAP.

10.0      SITE MANAGEMENT FOR CATEGORY 2 REMEDIATION
          WORKS
Council has identified a number of site management provisions for the conduct of category 2
remediation. These provisions have been formulated to ensure that category 2 remediation work
does not adversely impact on the environment or public amenity.

All category 2 remediation works shall be conducted in accordance with the site management
provisions listed below.

The site management provisions apply to all of the Queanbeyan Local Government Area (LGA).

Development applications lodged for category 1 remediation works should identify any areas of non-
compliance with the following site management provisions listed below and identify any alternative
site management measures to be implemented.

10.1      Hours Of Operation
All remediation work shall be conducted within the following hours:

Monday-Friday 7am to 6pm
Saturday         8am to 1pm
No work is permitted on Sundays or Public Holidays

10.2      Soil And Water Management
All remediation works shall be conducted in accordance with a soil and water management plan. A
copy of the plan shall be kept on-site and made available to Council Officers on request. All erosion
and sediment measures must be maintained in a functional condition throughout the remediation
works.

A summary of the soil and water management measures for category 2 remediation work in relation
to stockpiles, site access, excavation pump-out, landscaping/rehabilitation and bunding are discussed
below:

10.2.1    Stockpiles

   No stockpiles of soil or other materials shall be placed on footpaths or nature strips unless prior
    Council approval has been obtained.
   All stockpiles of soil or other materials shall be placed away from drainage lines, gutter or
    stormwater pits or inlets.
   All stockpiles of soil or other materials likely to generate dust or odours shall be covered.
   All stockpiles of contaminated soil shall be stored in a secure area and be covered if remaining
    more than 24 hours.

10.2.2    Site Access

Vehicle access to the site shall be stabilised to prevent the tracking of sediment onto roads and
footpaths. Soil, earth, mud or similar materials must be removed from the roadway be sweeping,



                                                                                                    10
shovelling or a means other than washing, on a daily basis or as required. Soil washings from
wheels shall be collected and disposed of in a manner that does not pollute waters.

10.2.3    Excavation Pump-Out

All excavation pump-out water must also be analysed for suspended solid concentrations, pH and
any contaminants of concern identified during the preliminary or detailed site investigation, prior to
discharge to the stormwater system. The analytical results must comply with relevant EPA and
ANZECC standards for water quality.

10.2.4    Landscaping Rehabilitation

All exposed areas shall be progressively stabilised and revegetated on the completion of remediation
works.

10.2.5    Bunding

All land farming areas for hydrocarbon contaminated soils shall be bunded to contain surface water
runoff from the land farm areas and to prevent the leaching of hydrocarbons into the subsurface. All
surface water discharges from the bunded areas to Council‟s stormwater system shall not contain
detectable levels of TPH or BTEX.

10.3      Noise
Category 2 remediation work shall comply with the NSW Industrial Noise Policy (EPA, 1999).

10.3.1    Intrusive Noise Impacts

The intrusiveness of an industrial noise may generally be acceptable of the equivalent continuous
(energy-average) A-weighed level of noise from the source, measured over a 15 minute period, does
not exceed the background noise level measured in the absence of the source by more than 5dB.

The intrusive noise criterion is summarised as follows:

                           LAeq, 15 minute ≤ rating background level plus 5dB

Where:
LAeq, 15 minute represents the equivalent continuous (energy average) A weighted sound pressure level
of the source over 15 minutes. Other descriptors may be used as appropriate provided that can be
justified on the basis of being characteristic of the source. This is to be assessed at the most affected
point on or within the residential property boundary or, if that is more than 30 metres from the
residence, at the most affected point within 30 metres of the residence.

10.3.2    Determining Background Noise

The long-term method for determining background noise is to be used at the planning and approval
stage designed to ensure that the criterion for intrusive noise will be achieved for at least 90% of the
time periods over which annoyance reactions may occur (taken to be periods of 15 minutes).

Features                           Long Term Method                    Short Term Method
When to use                        During planning and approval        During complaint assessments,
                                   stage where there is significant    compliance    checks,   when
                                   potential for noise impact, eg      determining the effect of
                                   extractive     industries   and     background noise on a source
                                   industrial developments.            noise measurement ad for low
                                                                       risk developments.
Type of monitoring                 Continuous           sampling       Individual sampling – operator
                                   accompanied by periods of           attended measurements.
                                   operator attended monitoring.



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Length of monitoring                Equivalent to one week‟s worth      15 minute covering the times of
                                    of valid data covering the days     operation of the development.
                                    and times of operation of the
                                    development (see section 3.5 of
                                    INP).
Conditions for monitoring           Average wind speed <5m/s1, no       Average wind speed <5m/s1, no
                                    rain, no extraneous noise (see      rain, no extraneous noise (see
                                    sections 3.1.2 and 3.4 of INP).     sections 3.1.2 and 3.4 of INP).
Monitoring location                 Most or potentially most            Most affected noise sensitive
                                    affected        noise   sensitive   location and/or location of
                                    location/s.                         complainant.
Assessment time periods             Day (700-1800)                      Times when maximum impact
                                    Evening (1800-2200)                 occur.
                                    Night (2200-0700) (see section
                                    3.3 of INP for exemptions).
Base measurement                    LA90, 15 minute                     LA90, 15 minute
Analysis method                     Determine the assessment            The rating background level is
                                    background level for each day,      the measured LA90, 15 minute
                                    evening and night by using the      value, or where a number of
                                    tenth percentile method.            measurements have been made,
                                                                        the lowest LAeq, 15 minute value.
                                    The rating background level is
                                    median assessment background
                                    level over all days for each
                                    period.

Note 1 – refers to the wind speed at the microphone height.
Note: INP – Industrial Noise Policy

10.4       Vibration
The use of any plant and/or machinery shall not cause vibrations to be felt or capable of being
measured at any premises.

10.5       Air Quality


10.5.1     Dust Control

Dust emissions shall be confined within the site boundary. The following dust control procedures
may be employed to comply with this requirement:

      Erection of dust screens around the perimeter of the site;

      Securely covering all loads entering and exiting the site;

      Use of water sprays across the site to suppress dust;

      Covering all stockpiles of contaminated soil remaining more than 24 hours;

      Keeping excavation surfaces moist; and

      Enclosure of dust generating activities.

10.5.2     Odour Control




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No odours shall be detected at any boundary of the site during remediation works by an authorised
Council officer relying solely on sense of smell. The following procedures may be employed to
comply with this requirement:

      Use of appropriate covering techniques such as the use of plastic sheeting to cover excavation
       faces or stockpiles;

      Reduction of stockpiles on site;

      Use of fine mist sprays;

      Use of a hydrocarbon mitigating agent on the impacted areas/materials; and

      Adequate maintenance of equipment and machinery to minimise exhaust emissions.

Volatile or semi-volatile compounds that could generate odours include monocyclic aromatic
hydrocarbons (styrene, benzene, toluene, xylene, ethyl benzene, butyl benzene), polycyclic aromatic
hydrocarbons (PAHs), hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen cyanide, pesticides, PCBs, and herbicides.

Records of volatile emissions and odours shall be logged, kept on-site and made available to Council
Officers on request. Discharges from soil vapour extraction systems shall be regularly monitored in
order to determine the mass of hydrocarbons that are being discharged to the atmosphere.

Contingency measures for the collection and treatment of hydrocarbon offgas shall be put in place
prior to the commissioning of the soil vapour extraction systems. All discharge vents from soil
vapour extraction systems shall be located a minimum of 50 metres from any residential property
boundary, road or recreational area. No material shall be burnt on-site.

10.6       Groundwater
A licence shall be obtained from the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources
for approval to extract groundwater under the provisions of Part V of the Water Act 1912.

Groundwater shall be analysed for pH and any contaminants of concern identified during
preliminary or detailed site investigation, prior to discharge to the stormwater system. The analytical
results must comply with relevant EPA and ANZECC standards for water quality.

Other options for the disposal of groundwater include disposal to sewer with prior approval from
Council, or off-site disposal by a liquid waste transporter for treatment/disposal to an appropriate
waste treatment/processing facility.

10.7       Transport
All haulage routes for trucks transporting soil, materials, equipment or machinery to and from the
site shall be selected to meet the following objectives:

      Comply with all road traffic rules;

      Minimise noise, vibration and odour to adjacent premises;

      Utilise State Roads and minimise use of local roads.

Category 2 remediation work shall ensure that all site vehicles:

      Conduct deliveries of soil, materials, equipment or machinery during the hours of remediation
       work identified in Section 4.1;

      Securely cover all loads to prevent any dust or odour emissions during transportation;




                                                                                                    13
      Exit the site in a forward direction; and

      Do not track soil, mud or sediment onto the road.

10.8       Hazardous Materials
Hazardous and/or intractable wastes arising from the remediation work shall be removed and
disposed of in accordance with the requirements of the NSW EPA and WorkCover Authority,
together with the relevant regulations, namely:

(a)    New South Wales Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000;

(b)    Occupational Health and Safety Regulation 2001;

(c)    Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 and Regulation 1998; and

(d)    Environmentally Hazardous Chemicals Act and Regulations.

Under the Protection of the Environment Act 1997 the transportation of Schedule 1 Hazardous
Waste is a scheduled activity and must be carried out by a transporter licensed by the NSW
Environment Protection Authority.

10.9       Disposal of Contaminated Soil
The disposal of contaminated soil shall have regard to the provisions of both the Protection of the
Environment Operations Act and Regulations and any relevant EPA guidelines such as the NSW
EPA publication Environmental Guidelines: Assessment, Classification and Management of Liquid
and Non-Liquid Wastes (1999).

Any queries associated with the off-site disposal of waste from a contaminated site should be
referred to the EPA‟s Hazardous Materials Advice Unit on 13 15 55. If contaminated soil or other
waste is transported to a site unlawfully, the owner of the waste and the transporter are both guilty of
an offence.

10.10      Containment/Capping of Contaminated Soil
No contaminated soil shall be encapsulated or capped on the site that contains concentrations of
contaminants that are above the soil investigation levels for urban development sites in NSW for the
range of landuses permissible on the subject site. For example, a site zoned commercial/industrial
shall not encapsulate or cap soil containing concentrations of contaminants above the „commercial or
industrial NEHF F health-based investigation levels‟. The soil investigation levels for urban
redevelopment in NSW are contained in the EPA‟s Guidelines for the NSW Site Auditor Scheme.

10.11      Importation of Fill
All fill imported on to the site shall be validated to ensure the imported fill is suitable for the
proposed land use from a contamination perspective. Fill imported on to the site shall also be
compatible with the existing soil characteristic for site drainage purposes.

Council may require details of appropriate validation of imported fill material to be submitted with
any application for future development of the site. Hence all fill imported onto the site should be
validated by either one or both of the following methods during remediation works:

      Imported fill should be accompanied by documentation from the supplier which certifies that
       the material is not contaminated based upon analyses of the material or the known past history
       of the site where the material is obtained; and/or

      Sampling and analysis of the fill material should be conducted in accordance with the EPA
       Sampling Design Guidelines (1995) to ensure that the material is not contaminated.



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10.12      Site Signage and Contact Numbers
A sign displaying the contact details of the remediation contractor (and site facilitator if different to
remediation contractor) shall be displayed on the site adjacent to the site access. This sign shall be
displayed throughout the duration of the remediation works.

10.13      Community Consultation
Owners and/or occupants of premises adjoining, and across the road, from the site shall be notified at
least two days prior to the commencement of category 2 remediation works.

10.14      Site Security
The site shall be secured by means of an appropriate fence to ensure against unauthorised access.

10.15      Occupational Health and Safety
It is the employer‟s responsibility to ensure that all site remediation works shall comply with all
Occupational Health and Safety and Construction Safety Regulations of the NSW WorkCover
Authority. Safety monitoring for hydrocarbon emissions should be undertaken in accordance with
Worksafe Time Weighted Averages Guidelines, 1991.

10.16      Removal of Underground Storage Tanks

The removal of underground storage tanks shall be undertaken in accordance with NSW WorkCover
requirements which includes writing to the Chief Inspector of Dangerous Goods and complying with
any conditions imposed. The tank removal shall be conducted in accordance with the Australian
Institute of Petroleum‟s Code of Practice The Removal and Disposal of Underground Petroleum
Storage Tanks (AIP CP22-1994). In the event of conflict between the Code of Practice and NSW
WorkCover requirements, the latter shall prevail.

11.0      VALIDATION REPORT
Within one month of completion of a remediation work, Council will require the applicant to submit
a Validation Report confirming that the remediation goals established in the RAP have been
achieved. Ideally, the same consultant that conducted the site investigation and remediation process
should conduct the Validation Report.

The validation must confirm statistically that the remediated site complies with the clean up criteria
set for the site and make a statement as to whether the site is satisfactory for its proposed use.
Applicable NSW EPA Guidelines and other relevant standards should be followed when validating a
site.

The Validation Report shall assess the results of the post remediation testing against the clean up
criteria nominated in the RAP. Where these have not been achieved, reasons must be stated and
additional site work shall be proposed that will achieve the original objectives. The Validation
Report shall also detail any ongoing monitoring requirements for the site. If clean up criteria cannot
be achieved, other development options may need to be considered.

Council will require an validation report to be submitted after remediation works have been
completed, and prior to the commencement of building construction works. Alternatively, Council
may issue deferred commencement consent for the proposed use, requiring that remediation and
validation is undertaken prior to other work commencing.

11.1      Review Of Validation Report
Council may require the Validation Report to be reviewed by a NSW EPA Accredited Auditor. All
costs associated with the review shall be borne by the applicant.


                                                                                                     15
12.0         INDEPENDENT AUDITING
12.1         NSW Site Auditor Scheme
The NSW Site Auditor Scheme commenced on 1 June 1998. Site Auditors are experts who can
provide an independent review of the work of a primary consultant for all types of contaminated
sites.

All Council requests for a NSW EPA accredited site auditor to be involved in the process must
perform an independent review or site audit for the contaminated land. An up-to-date list of
NSW EPA accredited auditors can be obtained on the EPA‟s webpage www.epa.nsw.gov.au

The NSW EPA has also prepared Guidelines for the NSW Site Auditor Scheme which outlines the
NSW Site Auditor Scheme, the process of appointing site auditors, and the legal, administrative and
technical directions and guidelines for site auditors and the preparation of site audits statements.

12.2         Site Audit Statements

A site audit statement provides a clear statement about what land use is suitable for the site,
including any conditions on its suitability (eg to maintain capping). A site audit statement must be
prepared on a prescribed form (see Contaminated Land Management (Site Auditor) Regulations
1998). When an accredited auditor for contaminated land is requested to conduct a site audit, a site
audit statement must be prepared.

A NSW EPA accredited auditor for contaminated land may only issue a statutory site audit
statement. A copy of all statutory site audit statements must be given to the EPA and the planning
authority (Council) at the same time as the site auditor gives the statutory site audit statement to the
person who commissioned the site audit.

12.3         When Council May Require a Site Audit
Council may request a site audit to be undertaken at any or all stages in the site investigation
process.

In accordance with the Managing Land Contamination Planning Guidelines, Council will require a
site audit be prepared by a NSW EPA accredited auditor for contaminated land if Council:

      “believes on reasonable grounds that the information provided by the applicant is incorrect or
       incomplete;

      wishes to verify whether the information provided by the proponent has adhered to appropriate
       standards, procedures and guidelines; or

      does not have the internal resources to control its own technical review.”

The applicant will be informed by Council if a site audit is required after Council has conducted a
review of the contamination reports and associated documents (eg development application)
submitted to Council.

The proponent is responsible for engaging a NSW EPA accredited auditor for contaminated
land to perform a site audit. In addition, the proponent is responsible for all costs borne in
engaging a NSW EPA accredited auditor for contaminated land.

12.4         Site Audits
The EPA Guidelines for the NSW Site Auditor Scheme outline what should be included in a site
audit, however the guidelines state that in some situations local planning authorities (Council) may
also need to contribute to defining the scope of the site audit.


                                                                                                    16
Either the proponent or the appointed NSW EPA accredited auditor for contaminated land shall
liaise with Council during the preparation of the site audit to ensure that the scope of the site audit
addressed the concerns raised by Council.

Before issuing a site audit statement, the site auditor must prepare and finalise a summary site audit
report. The EPA Guidelines for the NSW Site Auditor Scheme outlines what must be included in a
site audit report.

13.0      RECORDING AND COMMUNITY INFORMATION
Council has an important role in supplying the community with information regarding land use
history, land contamination and remediation.

Council also has a statutory responsibility under section 59 of the Contaminated Land Management
Act 1997 to include information provided to Council by either the EPA or accredited auditors on
certificates issued for the purposes of s. 149 Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.

The process of information collection about land contamination is ongoing. Information concerning
contaminated land will be added to Council‟s property information system when development and
subdivision applications are processed or when information is provided to Council via other sources.

13.1      Management of Council’s Information
Council‟s records regarding contamination issues are dynamic and will change over time as land is
investigated, remediated and validated. Registers can falsely imply comprehensive knowledge of
site contamination issues, which is unfortunately not always the case. Standards for remediation
may also change over time to accommodate changing community values. For these reasons Council
does not hold a “register” of contaminated sites.

Council‟s records in relation to site contamination issues are kept on individual property files for
each parcel of land which include:

   Site contamination reports submitted to Council (ie Preliminary Investigation, Detailed
    Investigation, Remedial Action Plans, Validation and Monitoring Reports).

   Site Audit Statements received by Council.

   EPA declarations and orders issued under the CLM Act (including voluntary investigation and
    remediation proposals agreed by the EPA).

   Prior notification for category 2 remediation works.

   Notification of completion of category 1 and category 2 remediation work.

13.2      Section 149 Planning Certificates
Under Section 149 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, a person may request
from Council a planning certificate containing advice on matters about land that are prescribed in the
Regulation. One such prescribed matter is the existence of a council policy to restrict the use of
land.

Section 149(2) certificates issued by Council will not contain specific details of site contamination or
potential site contamination for potential site contamination for individual parcels of land. Council
has adopted this approach for the following reasons:

   Council records may not disclose land uses that may have resulted in land contamination that
    were established illegally and/or have existing use rights.




                                                                                                    17
      Council‟s records regarding contamination issues are dynamic and will change over time as land
       is investigated, remediated and validated.

Section 59(2) of the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 provides that specific notations
relating to contaminated land issues must be included on Section 149 Planning Certificates where:

“ (a) the land to which the certificate relates is within an investigation area or remediation site – if
         it is within such an area or site at the date when the certificate is issued.

    (b)    the land to which the certificate relates is subject to an investigation or remediation order –
           if it is subject to such an order at that date.

    (c)    The land to which the certificate relates is the subject of a voluntary investigation proposal
           (or voluntary remediation proposal) that is the subject of the EPA’s agreement under
           section 19 (or 26) if it the subject of such a proposal, and the proposal has not been fully
           carried out, at the date when the certificate is issued.

    (d)    The land to which the certificate relates is the subject of a site audit statement – if a copy of
           such a statement has been provided at any time to the local authority issuing the
           certificate.”

    Section 149(2) Planning Certificates issued by Council will contain information on the prescribed
    matters listed above, where applicable. Council will not provide any additional information in
    relation to site contamination issues under Section 149(5).

    As well as containing information on prescribed matters, all Section 149(2) Planning Certificates
    issued by Council will contain the following information wording about the existence of a
    Council policy to restrict the use of land:

    Council has adopted by resolution a policy on contaminated land. This policy is triggered when
    rezoning or landuse changes are proposed on lands which have previously been used for certain
    purposes which could have involved the use of contaminants. Consideration of Council’s DCP
    No 55 - Contaminated Land Management adopted on 6th April 2005 and the application of
    provisions under relevant State Legislation is warranted; or

    Council has adopted by resolution a policy which may restrict the development of the land. This
    policy is triggered when zoning or land use changes are proposed on lands considered to be
    contaminated, or lands which have been remediated for a specific use. Consideration of
    Council’s DCP No 55 - Contaminated Land Management adopted on 6th April 2005 and the
    application of provisions under relevant State Legislation is warranted; or

    As at the date of the Certificate this land has not been assessed by Council either by considering
    its past use or the results from systematic testing. Accordingly, it is not known whether or not
    consideration of Council’s DCP No 55 - Contaminated Land Management adopted on 6th April
    2005 and the application of provisions under relevant State Legislation is warranted.

13.3        Access to Council Information

There are several parties that may be interested in accessing Council‟s records in relation to land
contamination issues including current occupiers of sites, potential purchasers of land, contaminated
land consultants and the community.

Council‟s policy on contaminated land allows enquirers to access information with owners consent
on individual parcels of land in relation to the following:

                Type of Information                               How to Obtain Information
Current and past development, building,                 Written request to the Queanbeyan City Council
subdivision and rezoning applications                   in accordance with Council‟s schedule of fees.
Information on reports held by Council in               Written request to the Queanbeyan City Council
relation to site contamination issues                   in accordance with Council‟s schedule of fees.



                                                                                                        18
                                                 The written request shall specify what
                                                 information is requested, who is requesting the
                                                 information and what is the intended use of the
                                                 information.
Information on any restrictions placed on the    Section 149(2) Planning Certificate.
land
Information on whether any declarations or       Section 149(2) Planning Certificate.
orders made or voluntary proposals agreed to
under CLM Act have been provided to Council
by the EPA or whether Council has received any
Site Audit Statements
Copies of any Site Audit Statements              Written request to the Queanbeyan City Council
                                                 in accordance with Council‟s schedule of fees.
Any other information held by Council (other     Written request to the Queanbeyan City Council
than stated above) in relation to site           in accordance with Council‟s schedule of fees.
contamination issues                             The written request shall specify what
                                                 information is requested, who is requesting the
                                                 information and what is the intended use of the
                                                 information.

In some circumstances Council may not be able to provide full access to its records held on land
contamination issues. These circumstances may include when the information held by Council is
subject to legal privilege and when the information requested is intended to be published without
prior permission of Council, the current site owner and author of the contamination reports.




                                                                                               19
APPENDIX 1 – SCHEDULE OF POTENTIALLY CONTAMINATING
ACTIVITIES
Source: Managing land Contamination Planning Guidelines SEPP 55 – Remediation of Land, 1998,
Department of Urban Affairs and Planning and NSW Environment Protection Authority.

    Acid/alkali plant and formulation
    Agricultural/horticultural activities
    Airports
    Asbestos production and disposal
    Chemicals manufacture and formulation
    Concrete batching and manufacturing works
    Defence works
    Drum re-conditioning works
    Dry cleaning establishments
    Electrical manufacturing (transformers)
    Electroplating and heat treatment premises
    Engine works
    Explosive industry
    Gas works
    Iron and steel works
    Landfill sites
    Lead processing
    Metal treatment
    Mining and extractive industries
    Oil production and storage
    Paint formulation and manufacture
    Pesticide manufacture and formulation
    Power stations
    Railway yards
    Scrap yards and recycling materials facilities
    Service stations
    Sheep and cattle dips
    Smelting and refining
    Tanning and associated trades
    Waste storage and treatment
    Wood preservation

Industries and Chemicals Used

Industry                        Type of Chemical      Associated Chemicals
Agricultural/                                         See fertiliser, insecticides, fungicides, herbicides
horticultural activities                              under „Chemicals manufacture and use‟
Airports                        Hydrocarbons          Aviation fuels
                                Metals                Particularly aluminium, magnesium , chromium
Asbestos production and                               Asbestos
disposal
Battery Manufacture and         Metals                Lead, manganese, zinc, cadmium, nickel, cobalt,
recycling                                             mercury, silver, antimony
                                Acids                 Sulphuric acid
Breweries/distilleries          Alcohol               Ethanol, methanol, esters
Chemicals manufacture and       Acid/alkali           Mercury (chlor/alkali), sulfuric, hydrochloric and
use                                                   nitric acids, sodium and calcium hydroxides
                                Adhesives/resins      Polyvinyl acetate, phenols, formaldehyde, acrylates,
                                                      phthalates
                                Dyes                  Chromium, titanium, cobalt, sulphur and nitrogen
                                                      organic compounds, sulfates, solvents
                                Explosives            Acetone,       nitric  acid,   ammonium       nitrate,
                                                      pentachlorophenol,      ammonia,     sulfuric   acid,
                                                      nitroglycerine, calcium cyanamide, lead, ethylene
                                                      glycol, methanol, copper, aluminium, bis (2-
                                                      ethylhexyl) adipate, dibutyl phthalate, sodium
                                                      hydroxide, mercury, silver




                                                                                                         20
                      Fertiliser              Calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, nitrates,
                                              ammonium sulfate, carbonates, potassium, copper,
                                              magnesium, molybdenum, boron, cadmium
                      Flocculants             Aluminium
                      Foam production         Urethane, formaldehyde, styrene
                      Fungicides              Carbamates, copper sulfate, copper chloride, sulphur,
                                              chromium, zinc
                      Herbicides              Ammonium thiocyanate, carbamates, organochlorins,
                                              organophosphates, arsenic, mercury, triazines
                      Paints
                        Heavy Metals         Arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, lead,
                                              manganese, mercury, selenium, zinc, titanium
                        Solvents             Toluene oils natural (eg pine oil) or synthetic
                      Pesticides
                        Active ingredients   Arsenic, lead, organochlorins, organophosphates,
                                              sodium tetraborate, carbamates, sulphur, synthetic
                                              pyrethroids
                         Solvents            Xylene, kerosene, methyl isobutyl ketone, amyl
                                              acetate, chlorinated solvents
                      Pharmaceutical
                        Solvents             Acetone, cyclohexane, methylene chloride, ethyl
                                              acetate,    butyl    acetate,   methanol,    ethanol,
                                              isopropanol, butanol, pyridine methyl ethyl ketone,
                                              methyl isobutyl ketone, tetrahydrofuran
                      Photography             Hydroquinone, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfite,
                                              potassium bromide, monomethyl para-aminophenol
                                              sulfate, ferricyanide, chromium, silver, thiocyanate,
                                              ammonium compounds, sulphur compounds,
                                              phosphate, phenylene diamine, ethyl alcohol,
                                              thiosulfates, formaldehyde
                      Plastics                Sulfates, carbonates, cadmium, solvents, acrylates,
                                              phthalates, stryene
                      Rubber                  Carbon black
                      Soap/detergent
                        General              Potassium compounds, phosphates, ammonia,
                                              alcohols, esters, sodium hydroxide, surfactants
                                              (sodium lauryl sulfate), silicate compounds
                        Acids                Sulfuric acid and stearic acid
                        Oils                 Palm, coconut, pine, teatree
                      Solvents
                        General              Ammonia
                        Hydrocarbons         Eg BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene)
                        Chlorinated          Eg trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, methylene
                          organics            chloride
Defence works                                 See explosives under „Chemicals manufacture and
                                              use‟, „Foundries‟, „Engine works‟, „Service Stations‟
Drum reconditioning                           See „Chemicals manufacture and use‟
Dry cleaning                                  Trichloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane, carbon
                                              tetrachloride, perchlorethylene
Electrical                                    PCBs (transformers and capacitors), solvents, tin,
                                              lead, copper, mercury
Engine works          Hydrocarbons
                      Metals
                      Solvents
                      Acids/Alkalis
                      Refrigerants            Chlorofluorocarbons,        hydrochlorofluorocarbons,
                                              hydrofluorocarbons
                      Antifreeze              Ethylene glycol, nitrates, phosphates, silicates
Foundries             Metals                  Particularly aluminium, manganese, iron, copper,
                                              nickel, chromium zinc, cadmium, and lead and
                                              oxides, chlorides, fluorides and sulfates of these
                                              metals
                      Acids                   Sulphuric and phosphorus, phenolics and amines,
                                              coke/graphite dust




                                                                                                21
Gas works                   Inorganics             Ammonia, cyanide, nitrate, sulfite, thiocyanate,
                                                   aluminium, antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium,
                                                   chromium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, mercury,
                                                   nickel, selenium, silver, vanadium, zinc
                            Organics               BTEX, phenolics, PAHs, coke
Iron and steel works                               BTEX, phenolics, PAHs, metals and oxides of iron,
                                                   nickel, copper, chromium, magnesium manganese,
                                                   graphite
Landfill sites                                     Alkanes and ammonia, sulfides, heavy metals,
                                                   organic acids
Marinas                     Antifouling agents     See engine works, electroplating metals under metal
                                                   treatments
                                                   Copper, tributylin (TBT)
Metal treatments            Electroplating
                              Metals              Nickel, chromium, zinc, aluminium, copper, lead,
                                                   cadmium, tin
                              Acids               Sulfuric, hydrochloric, nitric, phosphorus
                              General             Sodium hydroxide, 1,1,1-trichloroethane,
                                                   tetrachloroethylene, toluene, ethylene glycol, cyanide
                                                   compounds
                            Liquid carburizing     Sodium, cyanide, barium, chloride, potassium
                            baths                  chloride, sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, sodium
                                                   cyanate
Mining and extractive                              Arsenic, mercury and cyanides and also refer to
industries                                         explosives. Aluminium, arsenic, copper, chromium,
                                                   cobalt, lead, manganese, nickel, selenium, zinc and
                                                   radio-radionuclides. The list of heavy metals should
                                                   be decided according to the composition of the
                                                   deposit and known impurities.
Power stations                                     Asbestos, PCBs, fly ash metals, water treatment
                                                   chemicals
Printing shops                                     Acids, alkalis, solvents, chromium (see photography)
Railway yards                                      Hydrocarbons, arsenic, phenolics (creosote), heavy
                                                   metals, nitrates and ammonia
Scrap yards                                        Hydrocarbons, metals, solvents
Service stations and fuel                          Aliphatic hydrocarbons, BTEX (ie benzene, toluene,
storage facilities                                 ethylbenzene, xylene), PAHs, phenols, lead
Sheep and cattle dips                              Arsenic, organochlorins and organophosphates,
                                                   carbamates, synthetic pyrethroids
Smelting and refining                              Metals and the fluorides, chlorides and oxides of
                                                   copper, tin, silver, golf, selenium, lead, aluminium
Tanning and associated      Metals                 Chromium, manganese, aluminium
trades
                            General                Ammonium sulfate, ammonia, ammonium nitrate,
                                                   arsenic phenolics, formaldehyde, sulphide, tannic
                                                   acid
Water and sewerage                                 Aluminium, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, cobalt,
treatment plants                                   lead, nickel, fluoride, lime, zinc
Wood preservation                                  Chromium, copper, arsenic, naphthalene, ammonia,
                                                   pentachlorophenol, dibenzofuran, anthracene,
                                                   biphenyl, ammonium sulfate, quinoline, boron,
                                                   creosote, organochlorine pesticides

Source: Appendix 1 of the Australian Standard AS4482.1-1997 – Guide to sampling and investigation of
potentially contaminated soil. Part 1: Non-volatile and semi-volatile compounds.




                                                                                                      22
APPENDIX 2 – SOURCES OF SITE HISTORY INFORMATION FOR
PRELIMINARY SITE INVESTIGATIONS
    Past aerial photographs
    Council records – town planning, development and building applications, complaints, pollution incident
     reports
    Local Historian Publications – list ones relevant to your LGA
    Current and previous site owners
    Current and previous site workers
    Long-term residents
    Past and present telephone books
    Noxious Trades Act register of Noxious Trades
    NSW Environment Protection Authority Section 35 Notices, past and present scheduled premises,
     unhealthy building land
    WorkCover Authority Dangerous Goods Branch
    Country Energy sites containing present and past electrical substations
    Past topographical maps
    State of the Environment Reports



APPENDIX 3 – NOTICE TO COUNCIL OF CATEGORY 2
REMEDIATION WORKS
Clause 16 of SEPP 55 requires that prior notice of category 2 remediation works be provided to Council at least
30 days prior to the commencement of works.

The notice must be in writing and include all of the following:

    Name, address and telephone number of the person who is submitting the notice;

    A description of the remediation work;

    Reasons why it is considered that the work is category 2 remediation work (this should make reference to
     clauses 9, 14 and (if it applies) 15(1);

    Property description and street address of the land on which the work is to be carried out;

    A map of the location of the land; and

    Dates for the commencement and completion of the work.


In addition to the above information, Council will require the following information to be submitted at least 14
days prior to the commencement of works:

    Copies of any Preliminary Investigation, Detailed Investigation and Remedial Action Plan for the subject
     site.

    Contact details for the remediation contractor and party responsible for ensuring compliance of
     remediation work with all relevant regulatory requirements (if different to remediation contractor).




                                                                                                            23
DEFINITIONS
An appropriately qualified consultant for the purpose of this policy is a person who, in the opinion of the
consent authority, has a demonstrated experience, or access to experience in hydrology, environmental
chemistry, soil science, ecotoxicology, sampling and analytical procedures, risk evaluation and remediation
technologies. In additions, the person will be required to have appropriate professional indemnity and public
risk insurance.

Category 1 remediation work means remediation work that needs development consent under SEPP 55.

Category 2 remediation work means remediation work that does not need development consent under SEPP
55.

Contaminated land means land in, on or under any substance is present at a concentration above that naturally
present in, on or under the land and that poses, or is likely to pose, an immediate risk to human health or the
environment.

Contamination means the concentration of substances above that naturally present that poses, or is likely to
pose, an immediate or long-term risk to human health or the environment.

Detailed investigation means an investigation to define the extent and degree of contamination, to assess
potential risk posed by contaminants to health and the environment, and to obtain sufficient information for the
development of a remedial action plan, if required.

Independent review means an evaluation by an independent expert required by a planning authority or any
information submitted by a proponent conducted at the proponent‟s expense.

Preliminary investigation is an investigation to identify any past or present potentially contaminating activities
and to provide a preliminary assessment of any site contamination.

Remedial action plan means a plan, which sets remediation goals and documents the process to remediate a
site.

Remediation work means a work in, on or under contaminated land, being a work that:

(a)   Removes the cause of the contamination of the land, or

(b)   Disperses, destroys, reduces, mitigates or contains the contamination of the land, or

(c)   Eliminates or reduces any hazard arising from the contamination of the land (including by preventing the
      entry of persons or animals on that land).

Site audit means an independent review:

(a)   That relates to investigation, or remediation, carried out (whether under the CLM Act or otherwise) in
      respect of the actual or possible contamination of the land, and

(b)   That is conducted for the purpose of determining one or more of the following matters:

         i.    the nature and extent of any contamination of the land,
        ii.    the nature and extent of the investigation or remediation,
       iii.    what investigation or remediation remains necessary before the land is suitable for any specified
              range of uses.

Site auditor means a person accredited by the EPA under the Contaminated Land Management Act to conduct
site audits.

Site audit statement means a written certificate issued by a site auditor of the findings of the site audit, which
is prepared in the prescribed form.

Validation means the process of determining whether the objectives for remediation and any conditions on the
development consent have been achieved.

Validation report outlines the evidence or documentation of an assessment as the whether the remediation
work undertaken has achieved the desired clean up standard.




                                                                                                              24
REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
This information is for guidance only and was compiled at the time of adoption of this policy.

NSW Department of Urban Affairs and Planning, 1997, Managing Land Contamination

NSW Department of Urban Affairs and planning and the NSW Environment Protection Authority, 1998,
Managing Land Contamination Planning Guidelines (Revised Edition)

NSW Environment Protection Authority, December 1994, Contaminated Sites Guidelines for Assessing Service
Station Sites (97/37)*

NSW Environment Protection Authority, September 1995, Contaminated Sites: Sampling Design Guidelines
(95/59)*

NSW Environment Protection Authority, November 1997, Guidelines for Consultants Reporting on
Contaminated Sites (97/104)*

NSW Environment Protection Authority, 1998, Guidelines for the NSW Auditor Scheme (98/58)*

NSW Environment Protection Authority, April 1999, Guidelines on Significant Risk of Harm from
Contaminated Land and Duty to Report (99/8)*

NSW Department of Urban Affairs and Planning State Environmental Planning Policy No 55 – Remediation of
Land

NOTE: All of the above publications marked * are available from NSW EPA‟s Pollution Line on 131 555.




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