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Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling

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					Educational Uses of
Digital Storytelling
        Dr. Larry Bedenbaugh
                  March, 2009
              Slates
“Students today can’t prepare bark to
 calculate their problems. They depend
 on their slates, which are more
 expensive. What will they do when the
 slate is dropped and it breaks? They will
 not be able to write.”
              ~Teachers Conference, 1703
               Paper
“Students today depend upon paper too
 much. They don't know how to write on
 slate without getting chalk dust all over
 themselves. They can’t clean a slate
 properly. What will they do when they
 run out of paper?”
            ~ Principal's Association, 1815
         Fountain Pens
“Students today depend on these
 expensive fountain pens. They can no
 longer write with a straight pen and nib.
 We parents must not allow them to
 wallow in such luxury to the detriment
 of learning how to cope in the real
 business world which is not so
 extravagant.”
                        ~ PTA Gazette, 1914
                 Ink
“Students today depend upon store
 bought ink. They don't know how to
 make their own. When they run out of
 ink they will be unable to write words or
 ciphers until their next trip to the
 settlement. This is a sad commentary on
 modern education.”
          ~ The Rural American Teacher, 1929
        Ballpoint Pens
“Ballpoint pens will be the ruin of
 education in our country. Students use
 these devices and then throw them
 away. The American virtues of thrift and
 frugality are being discarded. Business
 and banks will never allow such
 expensive luxuries.”
                    ~ Federal Teacher, 1950
            Technology
“While nobody will ever dispute the importance
 of a good education, meeting the needs of
 today’s students has changed dramatically
 from what it was 10 or 20 years ago. Students
 today are exposed to a vast amount of
 information and technology early in their lives.
 Computers, electronic mail, long-distance
 learning, and the Internet have changed the
 dynamics of education here in our region and
 throughout world.”
                    ~ Congressman Jerry Moran, 1999
          IRA Position Statement on
 Integrating Literacy and Technology in the
              Curriculum (2002)
The Internet and other forms of information and
communication technology (ICT) are redefining
the nature of literacy. To become fully literate
in today’s world, students must become
proficient in the new literacies of ICT.
Therefore, literacy educators have a
responsibility to integrate these technologies
into their literacy curricula.
       NCTM Position Statement on
 The Role of Technology in the Teaching
   and Learning of Mathematics (March
                    2008)
Technology is an essential tool for learning
mathematics in the 21st century, and all schools
must ensure that all their students have access to
technology. Effective teachers maximize the
potential of technology to develop students’
understanding, stimulate their interest, and
increase their proficiency in mathematics. When
technology is used strategically, it can provide
access to mathematics for all students.
      NSTA Position Statement on
    The Use of Computers in Science
           Education (1999)
Just as computers play a central role in developing
and applying scientific knowledge, they can also
facilitate learning of science. It is therefore the
position of the National Science Teachers
Association that computers should have a major
role in the teaching and learning of science.
Computers have become an essential classroom tool
for the acquisition, analysis, presentation, and
communication of data in ways which allow
students to become more active participants in
research and learning.
             NCSS (2006)
   Technology Position Statement and
              Guidelines
As an organization, we continually need to
demonstrate and research how effective use of
technology enhances social studies teaching and
learning. The new technologies, for example,
enable users to access, organize, and communicate
information in ways unfathomable until recently.
        NCTE 1992
     Position Statement
Teaching Storytelling
N Storytelling is relating a tale to one
  or more listeners through voice and
  gesture.
N Everyone who can speak can tell
  stories.
N Story is the best vehicle for passing on
  factual information.
        NCTE 2003
     Position Statement
Resolution on Composing with
Nonprint Media
N Encourage integrating multimedia
  composition in English Language Arts
  curriculum
   NCTE 2005 Guideline
Multi-Modal Literacies
N The techniques of acquiring,
  organizing, evaluating, and creatively
  using multimodal information should
  become an increasingly important
  component of the English/Language
  Arts classroom.
 Florida Legislative Rule
        6A-5.065
The Educator Accomplished Practices of
the Florida State Board of Education
  12) Accomplished Practice Twelve -
      Technology.
       (a) Accomplished level. The
           accomplished teacher uses
           appropriate technology in
           teaching and learning
           processes.
         Consider This
“For the first time in our history, our job,
 as educators, is to prepare our students
 for a future that we cannot clearly
 describe.”                     David Warlick
                          Technology Consultant & Author
      Consider This
Survival Skills Needed for
Today’s Global Economy
   Critical Thinking and Problem-solving
   Collaboration and Leadership
   Agility and Adaptability
   Initiative and Entrepreneurship
   Effective Oral and Written Communication
   Accessing and Analyzing Information
   Curiosity and Imagination
                                  Tony Wagner, 2008
       Consider This
“Tomorrow’s illiterate will not be the
 man who can’t read; he will be the man
 who has not learned how to learn.”
                            Herbert Gerjuoy
                                 Psychologist
     Digital Students
Growing Up Digital:
The Rise of the Net Generation
  Don Tapscott, 1997
   This is the first generation to
    be bathed in bits since birth.
   Because of their access to the digital media,
    today’s students learn, work, think, shop, and
    create differently than their parents.
     DSL (Digital as a Second
           Language)
Digital Native Learners                Digital Immigrant Teachers

Prefer receiving information quickly   Prefer slow and controlled release
from multiple multimedia sources.      of information from limited sources.

Prefer parallel processing             Prefer singular processing and single
and multitasking.                      or limited tasking.

Prefer processing pictures, sounds,    Prefer to provide text before
and video before text.                 pictures, sounds, and video.

Prefer random access to hyperlinked Prefer to provide information
multimedia information.             linearly, logically, and sequentially.


                                                http://www.apple.com/education/digitalkids/
     DSL (Digital as a Second
           Language)
Digital Native Learners             Digital Immigrant Teachers
                                    Prefer students to work
Prefer to interact/network
                                    independently rather than network
simultaneously with many others.
                                    and interact.

                                    Prefer to teach “just-in-case” (it’s
Prefer to learn “just-in-time.”
                                    on the exam).

Prefer instant gratification        Prefer deferred gratification and
and instant rewards.                deferred rewards.

Prefer learning that is relevant,   Prefer to teach to the curriculum
instantly useful, and fun.          guide and standardized tests.


                                             http://www.apple.com/education/digitalkids/
       Digital Students
By providing digital students with
opportunities to learn in ways that
satisfy their needs, they will be more
engaged in the learning process and in
realizing their potential.
        Consider This
“Same story, same tool”
“Same story, different tool”
“Different story, different tool”
                            Bernajean Porter
                             Technology Planner & Author
       Consider This
“I know only one thing about the
  technologies that await us in the
  future: We will find ways to tell
  stories with them.”
                              Jason Ohler
                             Educator & Author
         What is Digital
         Storytelling?
There are many different definitions of
“digital storytelling,” but in general, all
embody the idea of interweaving the
longstanding art of telling stories with any of
a variety of available multimedia tools,
including still images, video, student voice,
sound, music, text, and animation.
        Consider This

"A story should be remembered for
 its soul, not the bells and whistles."
                             Bernajean Porter
                           Technology Planner & Author
       Some Types of
       Digital Stories
Narrative
  Work of Fiction
  Personal Reflection/Expression
Academic
  Interview
  Advertisement
  Documentary
  Literary Interpretation
  Public Service Announcement
      Examples of
   Digital Storytelling
Multimedia Authors
Video Book Trailers
Personal Narratives
Digital Documentaries
      Examples of
   Digital Storytelling
Multimedia Authors
  Interpret a narrative by
  using graphics and music
  Student original work that includes
  some combination of music, student
  artwork, graphical interpretation,           In The Ocean


  and/or student voice                         September 11

                                        Petey and the Giraffe

                                  To An Athlete Dying Young

                             The Canterbury digiTales Project
      Examples of
   Digital Storytelling
Video Book Trailers
  “Movie-trailer” style
   videos about a favorite book
    Goal to engage and attract audience
    Presents central characters, themes,
     moods, issues, or storyline


                                                      Monster
                        The True Story of the Three Little Pigs
      Examples of
   Digital Storytelling
Documentaries
  A journalistic record of an event,
  person, place, or phenomenon
  with the purpose of conveying
  factual data.

                       Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr
                   Grass Born to Be Stepped On
                 Tragedy in a Bronx School Yard
       Examples of
    Digital Storytelling
Personal Narrative
  A reflection or story about self,
  family, ideas, or experiences
   Character Stories
   Memorial Stories
   Life Events
        Adventure Stories
        Accomplished Stories
        Stories about Places in Our Lives
        Stories about What We Do
                                                                    Choices
   Other Personal Stories                                       Acceptance
        Recovery Stories
        Love Stories
                                                               Moving Again
        Discovery Stories                   Being Empty Is What You Make It
  Good Digital Stories:
Are Personal
Begin with a Story/Script
Are Concise
Use Readily-available Source Elements
Include Universal Story Elements
Involve Collaboration
Seven
Elements of       Point of View
Effective and     Dramatic Question
Interesting       Emotional Content
Digital Stories   Gift of Voice
                  Power of the
                  Soundtrack
                  Economy
                  Pacing
                           Center for Digital Storytelling
        Basic Steps
Write a short story or script
Collect images/video
Import images/video
Align images/video with script
Add music and/or voice over
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
         Basic Steps
                 Idea


Purpose?
Type of story?
Point of view?
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
       Basic Steps
                 Storymap




            Visual Portrait of a Story
developed by Brett Dillingham, modified by Jason Ohler
Basic Steps
   Storymap




              Fiona
Basic Steps
   Storymap




              Thomas Banaszewski
Basic Steps
   Storymap




              Tom Collins
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
           Basic Steps
                  Write


“No matter how sophisticated our
 technology becomes, the future of
 digital storytelling will involve writing
 and conventional forms of literacy.”
                                 Jason Ohler
                                 Educator & Author
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
Basic Steps
   Storyboard




                Bernajean Porter
Basic Steps
   Storyboard



                Write your script for
                this scene here and
                insert the picture
                you are using beside
                it.



                                Scott Firenza
Basic Steps
   Storyboard




                Scott Firenza
Basic Steps
   Storyboard




                David Jakes
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
        Basic Steps
            Write Some More

Edit
Peer review
Collect offline images & sounds
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
          Basic Steps
                   Gather Resources
   Computer Time
                             Create


Images
Background audio
Voice over
Peer review
       Basic Steps
Idea

   Storymap

          Write

              Storyboard

                  Write Some More

                       Gather Resources
Computer Time
                                    Create

                                             Share
           Basic Steps
                     Share

Celebrate
Assessment
  Rubrics
  What was the goal of the project
  Assess everything (process to final)
  Self-assessment and peer review
Beyond the Classroom
  Copyright issues
Skills Used in and Benefits of
   Creating Digital Stories
  Writing                 Collaborative
  Speaking and Visual     Creator of
  Technical               Knowledge
  Personal                Curriculum
  Development             Linking/Integration
  Active, Participatory   Inquiry-based
  Learners                Reflection
  Authentic Tasks         Research
Considerations in Creating
     Digital Stories
Individual or Groups (2-3)
Hardware/Software
Tutorials
Storage
Microphone/Headset
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Scott County Schools
  http://www.dtc.scott.k12.ky.us/technology/digitalstorytelling/ds.html
   Digital Storytelling
       Resources
Digital Documentaries by
Teaching Matters
  http://www.atschool.org/digidocs/


                                   Personal
                                   Narrative

                                 Informational
                                 Documentary
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
DigiTales
  http://www.digitales.us/




                             Evaluating Projects


                                 Resources
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Digital Directors Guild
  http://www.ddguild.org
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
University of Houston - Educational Uses
of Digital Storytelling Resource Page
  http://digitalstorytelling.coe.uh.edu/


                                           Getting Started

                                             Evaluation

                                             Resources
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Adobe – Digital Kids Club –
Digital Storytelling
  http://www.adobe.com/education/digkids/storytelling/index.html




                                      Classroom Tips

                            Digital Storytelling in the Classroom

                           Storying Around for 21st Century Skills

                    Getting Started: Seven Steps for Digital Storytelling
   Digital Storytelling
       Resources
David Jake
  http://www.jakesonline.org/storytelling.htm
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Scott Firenza
  http://www.lubbockisd.org/sfirenza/
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Jason Ohler
  http://www.jasonohler.com/storytelling/
     Digital Storytelling
         Resources
Microsoft
  http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/digitalphotography/photostory/default.mspx
  http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/moviemaker/default.mspx
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Apple iLife
  http://www.apple.com/education/digitalauthoring/ilife.html
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Images
  flickr - http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons
  Pics4Learning - http://www.pics4learning.com/
  FreePhoto - http://www.freefoto.com/
  FreeStockPhotos - http://freestockphotos.com/
  Open Photo - http://openphoto.net/
  Stock Exchange - http://www.sxc.hu/index.phtml
  BigFoto - http://www.bigfoto.com/
  US Government Photos and Graphics -
  http://www.usa.gov/Topics/Graphics.shtml
  Clipart ETC - http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/index.htm
  WorldImages Kiosk - http://worldimages.sjsu.edu/
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Sound
  Audacity - http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
  Freeplay Music - http://www.freeplaymusic.com/
  ccMixer - http://ccmixter.org/
  Opsound http://opsound.org/
  The Freesound Project - http://www.freesound.org/
  Soundsnap - http://www.soundsnap.com/
  PartnersInRhyme -
  http://www.partnersinrhyme.com/pir/free_music_loops.shtml
  Sondzabound - http://www.soundzabound.com/
  Flying Hands http://www.flyinghands.com/cat-
  free_music_clips.html
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
Video
  Moving Image Archive - http://www.archive.org/details/movies
  The Open Video Project - http://www.open-video.org/
  WGBH Sandbox - http://lab.wgbh.org/sandbox
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
UB-the-Director
  http://flare.ucf.edu/UB-the-Director.htm
    Digital Storytelling
        Resources
The MY HERO Short Story Film Festival
  http://www.myhero.com/myhero/go/filmfestival/ff_index.asp
   Contact Info
              Dr. Larry Bedenbaugh
                      FLaRE Center
UCF - Teaching Academy – Suite 403
          4000 Central Florida Blvd
            Orlando, FL 32816-1250
           lbedenba@mail.ucf.edu
               http://flare.ucf.edu

				
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