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National_Metrology_Institute_Study_Tour

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					                      TÜBİTAK
             ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                    (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)




             UME & IBDR PROJECT
                      Dr. Turhan Çoban
                    Assistant Director UME

TÜBİTAK UME
P.0. Box 54, 41470, Gebze - KOCAELİ
Phone: +90 262 679 5013                      Faks: +90 262 679 5014
E-mail : turhan.coban@ume.tubitak.gov.tr     http: // www.ume.tubitak.gov.tr
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

                             Metrology in Brief:
• One of the most significant factors in production and quality control is the
reliability of measurements
•In order to ensure reliable measurements a meter convention is signed by 17
nations in 1875 and BIPM (Bureau International des Poids at Measures) is
established by the meter convention.
•Today the meter convention is a diplomatic treaty (mutual recognition
arrangement) between 48 nations with the aim of providing the basis for a single,
coherent system of measurements
•Almost all developed and developing countries have a national metrology
institute. These laboratories working together and with BIPM ensure correct and
uniform measurements with the rest of the world.
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                            (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

                                             Meter Convention (1875)            Diplomatic
    International                                                                 Treaty

  Metrology System                        Conférence générale des poids
                                              et mesures (CGPM)                   Member
(Scientific Metrology)                      Consist of delegates of member        country
                                            countries, meet in every 4 year     governments


                                          Comité international des poids
                                                                                International
                                              et mesures (CIPM)                 Organisations
                                          Consist of 18 members selected by
                                            CGPM . Works on BIPM and
       Comités Consultatifs (CC)          metre convention related busineses.
         Technical Commitees                       meets once a year
      Work as consultant to CIPM, each                                             National
        govened by one of the CIPM                                               Laboratories
        member. Consist of national
      laboratory experts and scientists     Bureau International des
                                          Poids et Mesures    (BIPM)
                                           International metrology center in
                                             Sevre (France) with about 70
                                            personnel coming from member
                                                       countries.
                            TÜBİTAK
                   ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                           (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Calibration , Traceability and Mutual Recognition Aggreement:

•Calibration is measurement of differences between actual measurements and true value
of a measurement device


•Traceability is a chain system of calibrations with more accurate device in each level
of measurements. In national metrology institute level they compare their calibrations
with each other and ensure the correct measurements in the world level


•On 14 October 1999, national metrology institutes of 38 countries (including Turkey)
that are part of the Meter Convention have signed a Mutual Recognition Arrangement
(MRA) that aims at the degree of equivalence of the national measurement standards
and the mutual recognition of the calibration certificates issued by the signatories.
                            TÜBİTAK
                   ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                          (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

     Duties of National Metrology Institutes:

•National Metrology Institutes are to establish and maintain national standards for all
measurements carried out within that country and to calibrate the measurement
standards and devices of lower level laboratories.
•All measurements of metrology institutes are traceable to the national standards.
•National standards are linked to the standards in other countries or those of BIPM by a
process of international comparisons.
•National centers with the secondary level accredited laboratories form the national
measurement system and coordinate their activities.
•The national center proves its proficiency via comparisons with other national
metrology institutes and BIPM.
                            TÜBİTAK
                   ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                           (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

  UME in Brief:
•Established in Janaury 1992
•An institute of TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey)
•Satisfies app. 60% of the national need in terms of type of measurements done
•Contributes about 470 million USD per year to National Economy
•12,000 m2 lab area with total of 120 laboratories
•Lab temperatures (20, 21, 23)+/- 0.5 C with max. allowable drift per day (0.1,0.2 ,0.5
C), Relative humidity 45+/- 10%
•Floating floors, mostly underground, sysmic masses for all accurate measurements
                             TÜBİTAK
                    ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

UME in Brief:
Human Resources :
•200 People with an avarage age of 32
•125 Scientists and Engineers
•38 Technical Support Personnel
•37 Administrative Staff
2002 Statistics :
•Budget 16 Million USD
•Income generated due to services 13%
•Government Subsidy               87% ( Foreign loans   37%

                                        National Budget 50%)
                            TÜBİTAK
                   ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                           (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Institutional Capability :
•CalibrationMesurements                          > 4000 per year
•Publications in International Journals          > 20 per year
•Number of Regular Customers (Calibrations)      > 500
•International Comparisons                       > 25 per year
•Activity in Technical Commities (CC of CIPM) > 35 per year
                             TÜBİTAK
                    ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                         (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

AREAS OF WORK
ELECTRICAL GROUP
•AC, DC Voltage and Current
•AC, DC Resistance and Shunt
•AC, DC Electrical Conductivity
•Capacitance, Inductance, Impedance, Inductive Voltage Divider
•Electrical Power, Energy and Phase Angle
•RF and Microwave Power, Attenuation, S-Parameters
•Electrical Noise
                    TÜBİTAK
           ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

DC Voltage and Current Section , Josephson Voltage Standard
                         System
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                      (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Electrical Impedance Lab, Primary Level Inductive Voltage Divider Calibration
                                  System
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

AREAS OF WORK
PHYSICS GROUP
•Acoustics, Vibration, Ultrasonic Measurements
•Temperature, Radiation Temperature (Pyrometry), Humidity
•Time, Frequency and Wavelength Standards
•Electromagnetic Radiation (including EMI/EMC measurements)
•Photometry and Radiometry, Spectrometry, Color Measurements
•Magnetic Measurements
•Dosimetry, air-kerma in Gamma and x-rays, radioactivity (under dev.)
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                      (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Electromagnetic Radiation (including EMI/EMC measurements)
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Acoustics, Full Anechoic Room with 50 Hz Cut-off Frequency
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


•Vibration Measurements, Absolute Calibration of Accelerometers by Laser
Interferometry
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Optics Lab, Luminous Flux Measurement System
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Magnetics Lab, Magneto-optic Imaging System
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Temperature Lab, General View from Contact Temperature Section
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Radiation Temperature Lab, Characterization of UME Made Pyrometer
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Frequency Lab, He-Ne/CH4 Transportable Optical Frequency Standard (3,39 μm)
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Electromagnetic Radiation Lab, 10 m Fully Anechoic Chamber for EMC tests
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

AREAS OF WORK
MECHANICAL GROUP
•Mass
•Volume and Density
•Viscosity
•Gas flow, Liquid Flow (Water, air gases and multiphase fluids)
•Pressure, Vacuum
•Force, Torque, Hardness
•Dimension group (Gauge blocks, Angle, surface roughness, form and universal
measurements, CMMLase interferometer applications)
                     TÜBİTAK
            ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                   (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Liquid Flow Laboratory
                     TÜBİTAK
            ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                   (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Dimension group ,Gauge Block Interferometer
                      TÜBİTAK
             ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                   (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Torque Laboratory, UME designed primary torque system
                     TÜBİTAK
            ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                   (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Force Laboratory, UME Force Standard Machine
                      TÜBİTAK
             ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                   (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Vacuum Laboratory, Primary Multi-Stage Static Expansion System
                      TÜBİTAK
             ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                    (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Mass Laboratory, Calibration of Mass Standard
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                      (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

AREAS OF WORK
CHEMİCAL GROUP
•PH measurements
•Ionic Conductivity
•Gas Mixtures
•Chemical Analysis and Reference Material Certification
                          TÜBİTAK
                 ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                    (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Chemistry labs
                        TÜBİTAK
               ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                        (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

AREAS OF WORK
INFRASTRUCTURE
•Electronics Workshop
•Mechanical Workshop
•Optical Workshop (under development)
•Carpentary Workshop
•Liquid Nitrogen, Liquid Helium Production Facility
                      TÜBİTAK
             ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                    (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

IBRD Technology projects in Turkey
      TDP (Technology Development Project)       1992-1997

                       Metrology (UME)
                       Standardization (TSE)
                       Testing (TSE)
                       Certification (TSE)


      ITP (Industrial Technology Project)        1997-2004
                       Metrology (UME)
                       Testing (UME)
                       Registrations and Patents (TPE)
                  TÜBİTAK
         ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
               (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


ITP (Industrial Technology Project)
Budget :
Goods 30,438,274 USD (Machinery – Equipment)
Works 10,820,000 USD (New Metrology Building)
Consultants , services and Training 3,886,755 USD
Total : 45,145,029 USD

TDP (Technology Development Project)
Budget :
Goods 11,146,227 USD (Machinery – Equipment)
Consultants , services and training 983,155 USD
Total : 12,129,382 USD
                        TÜBİTAK
               ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                      (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Understanding and philosophy of UME in 1992

   Measurements Systems of Turkey should be compatible to the
   International and Regional (European) Systems

   UME must operate along the lines of well established metrology institutes

   UME should be an important part of the International Metrology System

   UME should be able to sign recognition agreements

   In 15 years UME should close the the gap of 100 years and IBRD
   projects are the main tools to establish this goal
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Challenges UME has to face during the development period
   Measurement science and technology (metrology) should be well ahead of
   other branches of science and technology.

   A metrology institute should be able to calibrate any equipment the
   customer has. In order to do that, metrology institutes should have better
   measurement systems and techniques compared to their customers.

   What happens if the customer has the state of the art measurement system
   the money can buy (frequently the case) ?

   Then metrology institutes must develop their own measurement equipment
   and techniques that are better than any commercial system.

   This requires rather advance research, wide cooperation among similar
   institutes and is very costly.
                     TÜBİTAK
            ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                   (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)


Advantages of Using IBRD Funds

   Structured Decision Making
   Well established and long term rules
   Centralized information/advise point
   Secured and planned funding
   Low indirect and real costs


Disadvantages of Using IBRD Funds

   Generalized rules, in some cases not enough flexibility
   Replacement of key IBRD staff during the life-time of the Project
   High direct and apparent costs
                      TÜBİTAK
             ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                    (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)
Problems Encountered
      IBRD
              Not enough flexibility in some cases

      Borrower (Turkish Government)
             Coordination between Treasury and State Planning Office.
             Compatibility of IBRD and local rules.
             Providing the necessary inputs for the Project such as
                      Counterfund funding
                      Staffing

      Implementing Agency (TUBITAK/UME)
             Adoptation to mostly strict rules (not to be able to understand
             the logic behind the rules).
             Inability to solve procurement related problems in a short time.
             Preparation of technical specifications for procurement.
                         TÜBİTAK
                ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                       (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Suggested Solutions

   •Splitting the Implementation Rules as General and Project Specific Rules

   •Assigning an organizational advisor to act as an arbitrator with a similar role
   of Engineer in the construction projects

   •General Rules are fixed throughout the Project

   •Project Specific Rules can be modified by the suggestion of the Advisor and
   acceptance of IBRD and the Implementing Agency
                    TÜBİTAK
           ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                  (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

Main Progress of UME (1992-2006)

 UME has started with 12 people and 200,000 USD worth of equipment in
 1992. In that year total income from industrial services was 12,000 USD
 and UME could handle only 1% of the calibration requests

 With two IBRD Projects at the end of 2003, UME had 190 people,
 1,600,000 USD industrial income and could handle 80% of calibration
 requirements of Turkish Industry
 At the end of 2006, UME plans to have 300 people, 3,000,000 USD
 industrial income and will be able to handle 95% of calibration needs of
 the industry.
                   TÜBİTAK
          ULUSAL METROLOJİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
                  (National Metrology Institute of Turkey)

UME as now and in the Future :

UME has established its goal for now, thanks two IBDR projects
Now UME has fulfilled all the targets set in 1992 in 10 years, rather than
initially anticipated 15 years, more ambitious targets can be set:

    In 10 years UME should become one of the major metrology
    institutes in the world and in the region helping for a larger share
    of Turkish exports.

    UME should have a very important role in Turkey for the usage of
    sophisticated measurements and techniques for the scientific and
    technological development of the country.

    UME should provide the necessary know-how to the industry for
    more efficient, profitable and reliable production.

				
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