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					Trade Union Training on ILS and the ILO Declaration on
      Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work



       ILO DECLARATION ON
   FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES AND
RIGHTS AT WORK AND ITS FOLLOW-UP



                  18 February 2005


                                     ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
     Declaration: background and history

   1994: Director-General’s Report to the ILC


   1995: UN Social Summit, Copenhagen


   1996: WTO Ministerial Conference, Singapore


   1996: OECD Study on International Trade and Core

    Labour Standards

                                        ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
                Declaration: rationale

 To face globalization through social justice


 To affirm a universal consensus on basic workers’ rights


 To recall the ILO’s role to promote their respect


 To reaffirm that labour rights should not be used for

 protectionist purposes

                                       ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
            Declaration: content



All Members have an obligation to promote,

to respect and to realize the principles

concerning the fundamental rights at work


                             Article 2 of the Declaration


                                  ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
             Which principles and rights?

 Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the

 right to collective bargaining

 The elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour


 The effective abolition of child labour

 The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment

  and occupation

                                            ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
 Fundamental principles and rights at work
       and core labour standards


                                                  Freedom of association
                     No. 87
                                                   and collective bargaining
                                                   (C.87 and C.98)
                    No. 98
                                                  Elimination of forced labour
                                                  (C.29 and C.105)
No. 111   No. 100             No. 29   No. 105
                                                  Abolition of child labour
                                                  (C.138 and C.182)
                    No.138
                                                  Elimination of discrimination
                                                  (C.110 and C.111)
                    No. 182



                                                          ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
      Why are these rights fundamental?


 Because they are “enabling rights”



 Because they are unanimously and universally accepted


 Because their realization does not depend on the

 level of development


                                       ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
             Declaration: main features

 Is a promotional tool

 Is a reaffirmation of ILO constitutional principles

 Recognizes reciprocal obligations (ILO and member States)

 Cannot be used for protectionist purposes


 Has a follow-up machinery

                                        ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
Follow-up: three elements




         Technical
        cooperation

                      ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
         Follow-up: main characteristics

 Is an integral part of the Declaration


 Is strictly promotional


 Is not a duplicate of or a substitute for the supervisory

 mechanisms on ratified Conventions and on freedom of

 association

                                           ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
             Follow-up: Annual Review

 Countries involved
   those which have not ratified one or more of the core
    Conventions

 Focus
   all categories each year

 Purpose
   to identify obstacles or progresses in respect of
     fundamental principles and rights at work
   to create a baseline
   to identify areas calling for technical cooperation
                                        ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
              Follow-up: Annual Review modalities

April - May          ILO Office sends report forms to member States

May - August         Member States prepare reports
                     Workers’ and employers’ organizations prepare comments
September 1st        ILO Office must receive reports

September 15th       ILO Office must receive comments

Sept - January       ILO Office compiles the reports and the comments

January              A group of independent Expert-advisers reviews the
                     compiled reports and prepares an Introduction

March                GB discusses the compilation of reports and the Introduction


                                                       ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
              Follow-up: Global Report
 Countries involved
   all member States
 Focus
   one of the four categories each year
 Purpose
   to provide a dynamic global picture on a particular
     topic
   to serve as a basis for assessing the effectiveness of
    ILO assistance
   to provide a basis for determining priorities for
    technical cooperation
                                       ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
         Follow-up: Global Reports cycle
 2000 & 2004
   Freedom of association and the effective recognition
    of the right to collective bargaining
 2001 & 2005
  The elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory

 2002 & 2006
   The effective abolition of child labour

 2003 & 2007
   The elimination of discrimination in respect of
    employment and occupation
                                        ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
        Follow-up: Global Report sources

 Annual Review, for countries which have not ratified the

 Conventions concerned

 Information gathered through the ILO supervisory

  machinery (Reports of the Committee on Freedom of

  Association also)

 Any other official information

                                      ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
      Follow-up: Global Report modalities

 It is a report of the Director-General


             The Director-General’s report is discussed at the
  June
             International Labour Conference



November     The Governing Body determines action plans for
             technical cooperation



                                           ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
                Role of social partners
 Comment on government reports on unratified

  Conventions

 Take part in the discussion of the Annual Review at the

 Governing Body
 Take part in the discussion of the Global Report at the

 International Labour Conference

 Participate in technical cooperation activities
                                        ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE
          Added-value of the Declaration
 Is a new, complementary and promotional instrument to

 promote the respect of fundamental principles and rights at work

 Ensures enhanced knowledge of the situation of each category

 of fundamental principles and rights in all member States

 Strengthens ILO commitment and action of the promotion and

 realization of fundamental principles and rights

 Is instrumental in increasing ratification of core Conventions
                                           ILS/FPR PROGRAMME - TURIN CENTRE

				
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