FAO-WFP__DPG__brief_February__2010

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					 WORLD FOOD                                                           FOOD AND
 PROGRAMME                                                            AGRICULTURE
                                                                      ORGANIZATION




                     Report on the National Food Security Situation
                        for the DPG Meeting of February 2010




Highlights




            The United Nations in Tanzania is providing short term assistance to
             Zanzibar to address problems related to power outage in the island.

            The Flood affected Kilosa district is still in need of assistance


            Government to carry out rapid food security assessment in February

            Several regions are on alert following the reported armyworm outbreak.

            No positive response yet to Government appeal for seed assistance

            Government emergency reserves have dropped by nearly 35 % of the
             stocks held in November last year, due to various interventions

            Implementation of the Livelihood based Food Security and Nutrition
             Information System (LFSNIS).

            Household Data Collection for the Comprehensive Food Security and
             Vulnerability Analysis has Been Completed in all the regions.




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1.      The United Nations in Tanzania is providing short term assistance to Zanzibar to
        address problems related to power outage in the island.


Following the assessment in Zanzibar on the impact of power crisis to various social economic sectors,
the government of Zanzibar appealed for assistance for various development partners. In response to
this appeal, the United Nations in Tanzania is providing short term assistance to Zanzibar to address
problems related to power outage in the island. The assistance will provide emergency supplies to
alleviate problems on water and sanitation among other areas.

The island of Zanzibar has been experiencing a power outage since last month. This situation is
threatening food security because it has affected not only the availability of clean water for domestic
use but also cold storage of commodities like fish, meat and fresh juices. Since several households
generate income from small to medium scale sales of these commodities, the power shortage is likely
to have a negative effect on their businesses and, thus, their incomes. The situation is likely to have
also affected the food security of the low income consumers of such products due to a likely rise in
their prices.


2.      The Flood affected Kilosa district is still in need of assistance

The government is still mobilizing resources to support the victims of flood in Kilosa district as many
households have remain displaces and residing in temporary shelters. Emergency support required
covers areas of shelters, water and sanitation and infrastructures. Ongoing rainfall country-wide have
resulted in localized floods in some regions causing human deaths and devastated infrastructure and
field crops. The government is currently assessing the impact of the floods for appropriate
interventions. The floods have caused havoc in the central regions, most of which were recovering
from the last seasons severe drought. The most affected regions are Dodoma and Morogoro where the
infrastructure, notably the central railway line and roads have been extensively damaged. Other
regions equally devastated by floods include Shinyanga, Mwanza, Arusha and Manyara.

Initial rapid assessments in the affected areas show that scores of households have been displaced and
are in urgent need of shelter, food and clean water. The assessment further highlighted the risks of an
outbreak of water born diseases.


3.      Government to carry out rapid food security assessment in February


The government in collaboration with the Food Security Information Team (FSIT) will carry out a
rapid food security assessment in nearly 60 districts which were previously affected by drought and
some of which are currently affected by localized floods. The assessment is scheduled to commence on
the 1st of February and the report submitted to the government by 15 th February 2010.

4.      Several regions are on alert following the reported armyworm outbreak.

An armyworm outbreak has been reported or predicted in several regions. The armyworm populations
have developed alarmingly in Morogoro and Dodoma regions. Other fronts are in northern Tanzania,
particularly in Same district, and in southern Tanzania in Mtwara and Lindi regions. Armyworm
outbreak is the most recent threat to crop production and food security after the recent drought and
the current localized floods, both of which have impacted negatively on the livelihood of many
resource weak populations. The worms, also known as African armyworm, attacks crops of cereal
nature including maize, sorghum, millet and young sugarcane plants as well as most types of pastures.

The armyworm is likely to develop into devastating outbreaks across Tanzania and neighboring
countries in May to July should weather conditions continue to remain favorable for armyworms and
if appropriate control measures are not taken timely. A well coordinated approach both at national
and regional level is advised to avert crop loses associated with armyworm attacks.




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5.       No positive response yet to Government appeal for seed assistance

Last year the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) received a request from the government to
coordinate an appeal for 2,700 MT of seed to assist approximately 270,000 resource weak households
in various parts of the country who were affected by various production constraints in the 2008/09
production season. The seeds would be planted in the coming rainfall season, mainly the masika rains
which commence in March in the bimodal rainfall areas. Since, to-date, FAO has not received a
positive response from the donor community, the agency is continuing to make the necessary follow-
ups.


6.      Government emergency reserves have dropped by nearly 35 % of the stocks held
        in November last year, due to various interventions

The government national food reserve agency (NFRA) has dropped by about 35% from a total of
110,000 MT held in November last year to the current stock level of 72,000MT. Since October last
year, the government has been releasing food from its reserves for various interventions including the
just ended drought and the current floods interventions. Government has also been purchasing locally
through the NFRA, maize and sorghum from surplus regions notably in the southern highland
regions.

7.      Implementation of the Livelihood               based    Food     Security    and   Nutrition
        Information System (LFSNIS)

The new approach to assess food security and nutrition issues in Tanzania within the livelihood based
framework has been supported by most stakeholders. Following this consensus, implementation is
scheduled to start with carrying out of training of the stakeholders in Mtwara and Lindi Regions later
this month. The LFSNIS framework has been developed through the ONE UN Joint Programme One:
Wealth Creation, Employment and Economic Empowerment, being piloted on the ground in Mtwara
and Lindi Regions. It is expected that the LFSNIS will improve the capacity of the stakeholders at
various levels to monitor, analyze and report on food security and nutrition issues.


8.      Household Data Collection for the Comprehensive Food                          Security    and
        Vulnerability Analysis has Been Completed in all the regions

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) which was commissioned to collect household based data for
a baseline study on comprehensive food security and vulnerability analysis (CFSVA) has completed
the exercise. Data at household level have been collected from all the regions of Tanzania mainland
and Zanzibar. Phase two of this process will involve data analysis and report writing. The final report
of this assessment is expected in March 2010 and will be shared widely among different stakeholders.
The CFSVA is funded by WFP through contributions from various donors.




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