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2009 World Population Data Sheet

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									2.6
The total fertility rate worldwide. TFRs range from 1.7 in more developed countries to 4.6 in the least developed countries.

IN 2009,
world population is 6.8 billion, and by 2025 is projected to increase to 8.1 billion.

PoPulation RefeRence BuReau

World PoPulation Data Sheet
48%
The share of people worldwide living on less than $2 a day.

2009

BY 2050,
the population of Africa is projected to double to almost 2 billion.

I n f o r m | e m p o w e r | a Dva n c e | w w w. p r b . o r g

Most PoPulous Countries, 2009 and 2050
2009
Country China India United States Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Bangladesh Nigeria Russia Japan PoPulation (millions) 1,331 1,171 307 243 191 181 162 153 142 128

2050
Country India China United States Indonesia Pakistan Nigeria Bangladesh Brazil Congo, Dem. Rep. Philippines PoPulation (millions) 1,748 1,437 439 343 335 285 222 215 189 150

Countries With the highest Co2 emissions, 2006
Country United States China Russia India Japan Germany Canada United Kingdom South Korea Italy metriC tons of Co2 (millions) 5,697 5,607 1,587 1,250 1,213 823 539 536 476 448 Country Qatar Bahrain United Arab Emirates Kuwait Trinidad and Tobago United States Australia Canada Saudi Arabia Finland metriC tons Per CaPita 48 27 26 26 20 19 19 17 14 13

Note: countries with a population of less than 1 million excluded.

PoPulation CloCk, 2009
WorlD Population Year Births per Day Minute Year Deaths per Day Minute Natural increase (births-deaths) per Year Day Minute Year Infant deaths per Day Minute © 2009 Population reference Bureau 6,809,972,000 138,949,000 380,683 264 56,083,000 153,653 107 82,866,000 227,030 158 6,352,000 17,402 12 more DeveloPeD Countries 1,232,100,000 14,359,000 39,340 27 12,277,000 33,636 23 2,083,000 5,707 4 82,000 225 0.2 less DeveloPeD Countries 5,577,872,000 124,590,000 341,343 237 43,807,000 120,019 83 80,784,000 221,326 154 6,269,000 17,175 12

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 2

Wo r l d P o P u l at i o n h i g h l i g h t s
FoCUS oN ChIlDREN AND YoUNG PEoPlE

World Population Growth Is Now Almost Entirely Concentrated in the World’s Poorer Countries.
in 2009, world population stood at 6.8 billion, up about 83 million from 2008. the world total is likely to reach 7 billion in the latter half of 2011, with the bulk of growth in the world’s poorest nations. the less developed countries of africa, asia, and latin america and the caribbean are projected to increase by just under Population (billions) 50 percent in the 41 years between now and 2050, 10 and the poorest of these are projected to double in 9 population size over that period. But this scenario 8 assumes that fertility in less developed countries 7 will decline smoothly to 6 the low levels observed in today’s more developed 5 Less Developed Countries countries: about 1.8 children per woman. for 4 fertility to fall to those low 3 levels, many factors are key, including significant 2 increases in the use of family planning in many 1 More Developed Countries less developed countries.
0 1950 1970 1990 2010 2030 2050

S ource : un Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision, medium variant (2009).

The World’s Youth Population, Ages 15 to 24, Will Become More and More Concentrated in Africa and Asia.
By 2050, the number of youth will have risen from just under a half billion in 1950 to 1.2 billion. at that point, about nine in 10 youths will be in developing countries. this very large group will arrive at working age with a right to expect gainful employment, adequate health care, and the ability to raise a family with an appropriate living standard if they so 1950 2050 choose. Before those things can come about, they must have had access More to sufficient education and training Developed More Developed Countries Countries so that they can take part in building 138 Million 134 Million 30% their country’s society and economy. 11% Most likely, tomorrow’s youth will have moved to cities in larger numbers as opportunities in the rural areas diminish. But will the economic condiAsia/ Africa Pacific tions of their country be able to meet 348 Million 639 Million 29% Africa their rising expectations? this will be 53% 43 Million one of the major social questions of 9% the next few decades. Latin Asia/Pacific
248 Million 54% America/ Caribbean 32 Million 7%

Latin America/ Caribbean 87 Million 7% S ource : un Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision, medium variant (2009).
© 2009 Population reference Bureau 2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 3

Wo r l d P o P u l at i o n h i g h l i g h t s
FoCUS oN ChIlDREN AND YoUNG PEoPlE

The U.S. National Child Poverty Rate Masks Substantial Geographic Differences.
in 2007, 18 percent of american children and youth lived in poverty—but that figure varied widely within the united States. More than 50 percent of the nation’s 3,141 counties had child poverty levels exceeding that 18 percent national average. in nearly 1,000 counties at least 25 percent of all children were poor—one in every four children. counties with the highest child poverty rates were in the Southeast, the Southwest, central appalachia, much of alaska, and pockets of the West, Great Plains, and upper Midwest, where rates ranged as high as 67 percent. By contrast, counties with relatively low child poverty were more spread out geographically, with rates as low as 3 percent.

Percent of children under 18 in poverty, 2007

U.S. average: 18% 18% or lower 19%–24% 25% or higher

S ource : PRB analysis of data from the u.S. census Bureau, 2007 Small area income and Poverty estimates.

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 4

Wo r l d P o P u l at i o n h i g h l i g h t s
FoCUS oN ChIlDREN AND YoUNG PEoPlE

Early Childbearing Poses Serious Health Risks for Both Mother and Child.
Many girls under 18, especially in poorer countries, are physically immature and at higher risk for obstetric complications. and children born to these young mothers are at higher risk for illness and death than children born to mothers in their 20s. Some countries have reduced the prevalence of early childbearing by keeping girls in school and changing community norms and national policies about early marriage.
Percent of females ages 15-19 who are mothers or became pregnant before age 18 43 1994 2006 39 33 26 23 40 40
Indonesia haiti India Bangladesh

Total fertility rate (lifetime births per woman)
1994 2.9 4.8 3.5 3.4 7.0 6.9 2006 2.6 3.9 2.7 2.7 7.0 6.7

15 9 11 7

13

Niger Uganda

Indonesia

Haiti

India

Bangladesh

Niger

Uganda

N ote : Data are from surveys taken around 1994 and 2006. S ourceS : icf Macro, Statcompiler, accessed online at www.measuredhs.com, on July 20, 2009; and india, Sample Registration System.

Despite Increases, Secondary Enrollment Rates Remain Unacceptably Low in Many Developing Countries.
education is an obvious necessity for a productive and rewarding life and contributes to economic and social progress for individuals and countries. children in many developing countries stay in school longer, but those gains have been far from uniform. for many years, a key issue in education has been the lack of equal opportunity for girls but that, too, has undergone notable changes as the ratio of enrolled girls to boys climbs slowly to parity. often missing in such statistics, however, is information about the quality of education, particularly in rural areas where most students in developing countries live.
Percent enrolled in secondary school, 1990 and 2005 Uganda Pakistan Nigeria Zimbabwe Bangladesh India Mexico Egypt 20 44 41 54 55 70 85 88 12 18 22 29 23 32 40 47
Nigeria Zimbabwe Bangladesh India Mexico Egypt 75 88 52 58 98 77 82 93 103 82 102 94 Pakistan 42 78

Girls per 100 boys enrolled in secondary school
1990 2005
Uganda 1990 57 2005 81

S ource : uneSco institute for Statistics, Data centre, accessed online at http://stats.uis.unesco.org, on July 22, 2009.
© 2009 Population reference Bureau 2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 5

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Net Migration Rate per 1,000 Population
— 3 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 1 -3 1 0 20 -1 -1 -1 -5 -1 2 -1 -6 0 5 -3 -1 0 0 -2 2 0 -1 5 -3 3 2 -1 -1 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 6 -6 -1 -1 -1 -11 0 1 0 0 -1 -3 0 3 1 -2

Population mid-2009 (millions)
WorlD MoRE DEVEloPED lESS DEVEloPED lESS DEVEloPED (Excl. China) lEAST DEVEloPED AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA NORTHERN AFRICA algeria egypt libya Morocco Sudan tunisia Western Sahara WESTERN AFRICA Benin Burkina faso cape Verde côte d'ivoire Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau liberia Mali Mauritania niger nigeria Senegal Sierra leone togo EASTERN AFRICA Burundi comoros Djibouti eritrea ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mayotte Mozambique Reunion Rwanda Seychelles Somalia tanzania uganda Zambia Zimbabwe MIDDLE AFRICA angola cameroon central african Republic chad congo congo, Dem. Rep. equatorial Guinea Gabon Sao tome and Principe
6,810 1,232 5,578 4,246 828 999 836 205 35.4 78.6 6.3 31.5 42.3 10.4 0.5 297 8.9 15.8 0.5 21.4 1.6 23.8 10.1 1.6 4.0 13.0 3.3 15.3 152.6 12.5 5.7 6.6 313 8.3 0.7 0.9 5.1 82.8 39.1 19.5 14.2 1.3 0.2 22.0 0.8 9.9 0.1 9.1 43.7 30.7 12.6 12.5 125 17.1 18.9 4.5 10.3 3.7 68.7 0.7 1.5 0.2

Births per 1,000 Population
20 12 22 26 35 36 39 25 23 25 24 21 33 17 23 40 41 46 26 37 39 31 39 43 40 43 35 53 41 39 40 35 40 36 33 30 38 39 39 38 43 14 39 41 18 41 18 45 38 47 45 32 42 46 36 38 43 36 44 38 28 34

Deaths per 1,000 Population
8 10 8 8 11 12 13 7 4 6 4 6 11 6 6 14 9 14 5 14 11 10 12 17 10 15 10 14 15 10 20 8 13 15 8 12 10 12 13 9 12 7 3 17 5 16 8 15 15 13 16 18 14 19 13 19 17 13 13 14 10 8

Rate of Natural Increase (%)
1.2 0.2 1.4 1.7 2.4 2.4 2.5 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.4 2.2 1.2 1.8 2.7 3.2 3.2 2.1 2.4 2.8 2.1 2.7 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.5 3.9 2.6 2.9 2.0 2.7 2.6 2.1 2.5 1.9 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.1 0.7 3.6 2.4 1.3 2.5 1.0 3.0 2.3 3.4 2.9 1.4 2.8 2.7 2.3 1.9 2.6 2.3 3.1 2.4 1.8 2.6

Projected Population (millions) mid– 2025
8,087 1,282 6,805 5,329 1,151 1,385 1,184 257 43.7 99.1 8.1 36.6 56.7 12.2 0.8 420 13.8 24.8 0.7 29.9 2.3 32.2 15.2 2.3 5.9 18.6 4.6 27.4 207.2 17.9 8.1 9.3 455 11.2 0.9 1.1 7.4 113.1 56.5 28.4 21.6 1.4 0.3 29.9 1.0 14.5 0.1 13.9 67.4 51.8 18.3 16.0 189 26.2 25.5 5.5 13.9 5.3 109.7 1.0 1.9 0.2

mid– 2050
9,421 1,318 8,103 6,666 1,657 1,994 1,754 316 50.5 122.3 9.8 42.4 75.9 13.9 0.9 623 22.0 40.8 0.8 43.7 3.6 45.2 24.0 3.6 8.8 28.3 6.9 58.2 285.1 26.1 12.4 13.2 682 14.8 1.2 1.5 10.8 149.5 83.8 42.3 34.1 1.5 0.4 42.4 1.1 21.8 0.1 23.5 109.5 96.4 28.1 19.1 306 42.7 34.9 6.5 20.5 7.8 189.3 1.4 2.5 0.3

Projected Population Infant Change 2009–2050 Mortality Ratea (%)
38 7 45 57 100 100 110 54 43 56 56 35 80 34 84 110 146 159 53 104 121 90 138 121 124 117 109 281 87 108 119 77 118 79 81 70 113 81 115 118 140 16 105 93 31 121 37 158 150 214 124 53 144 150 85 45 98 113 176 114 68 82 46 6 50 55 80 74 80 38 26 19 18 31 81 19 44 80 89 89 29 100 93 50 104 117 99 110 73 88 75 61 89 91 76 120 53 67 58 77 67 70 80 15.4 — 97 8 62 12.9 111 69 76 70 60 95 125 74 106 106 75 92 102 55 75

Total Fertility Rateb
2.6 1.7 2.7 3.1 4.6 4.8 5.3 3.0 2.3 3.0 2.7 2.4 4.5 2.0 3.0 5.5 5.7 6.0 3.1 4.9 5.6 4.0 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.1 7.4 5.7 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.4 4.2 4.2 5.3 5.3 4.9 5.0 6.3 1.7 4.5 5.4 2.5 5.5 2.2 6.7 5.3 6.7 6.2 3.8 6.1 6.6 4.7 5.0 6.3 5.3 6.5 5.4 3.6 4.1

Percent of Population Ages <15
27 17 30 33 40 41 43 33 28 33 30 29 41 25 31 44 44 46 38 40 42 40 43 43 44 45 40 49 45 43 42 41 44 41 38 37 42 43 42 44 46 23 42 43 27 44 23 45 45 49 46 40 45 46 42 41 46 42 47 41 37 41

65+
8 16 6 5 3 3 3 5 5 5 4 6 3 7 2 3 3 3 6 2 3 4 3 3 3 2 4 3 3 2 4 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 7 2 3 7 3 8 3 3 3 3 4 3 2 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 6

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Net Migration Rate per 1,000 Population
3 2 -4 0 3 -1 0 3 8 3 -2 -4 -1 1 -3 -2 -1 -4 -7 1 -3 2 1 -1 -3 -6 -3 -10 -2 -2 -7 -1 9 -1 -2 -1 -9 -3 -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 -1 6 -10 -1 -4 -2 -3 -1 -0 -0 2 -1 0 51 9 -5 -4

Population mid-2009 (millions)
SOUTHERN AFRICA Botswana lesotho namibia South africa Swaziland AMERICAS NORTHERN AMERICA canada united States LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN CENTRAL AMERICA Belize costa Rica el Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico nicaragua Panama CARIBBEAN antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Grenada Guadeloupe Haiti Jamaica Martinique netherlands antilles Puerto Rico St. Kitts-nevis Saint lucia St. Vincent & the Grenadines trinidad and tobago SOUTH AMERICA argentina Bolivia Brazil chile colombia ecuador french Guiana Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname uruguay Venezuela asia asia (excl. China) WESTERN ASIA armenia azerbaijan Bahrain cyprus Georgia iraq
58 2.0 2.1 2.2 50.7 1.2 920 341 33.7 306.8 580 152 0.3 4.5 7.3 14.0 7.5 109.6 5.7 3.5 41 0.1 0.3 0.3 11.2 0.1 10.1 0.1 0.4 9.2 2.7 0.4 0.2 4.0 0.05 0.2 0.1 1.3 386 40.3 9.9 191.5 17.0 45.1 13.6 0.2 0.8 6.3 29.2 0.5 3.4 28.4 4,117 2,786 231 3.1 8.8 1.2 1.1 4.6 30.0

Births per 1,000 Population
24 25 25 29 23 31 17 14 11 14 20 22 27 16 21 34 27 20 26 20 19 17 17 13 11 16 24 19 17 31 17 13 13 12 18 15 17 14 19 18 29 17 15 20 23 32 21 27 21 17 14 24 19 22 25 15 18 15 12 11 32

Deaths per 1,000 Population
15 12 23 8 15 15 7 8 7 8 6 5 4 4 7 6 5 5 5 4 8 7 6 8 8 9 6 7 7 10 6 7 8 8 8 7 8 8 6 8 8 6 5 6 5 4 9 6 6 7 9 4 7 7 6 10 6 2 7 9 9

Rate of Natural Increase (%)
0.9 1.3 0.2 2.1 0.8 1.6 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.4 1.7 2.3 1.3 1.4 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.3 0.7 1.8 1.2 1.0 2.1 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.6 1.3 1.0 2.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.8 2.8 1.2 2.1 1.5 1.1 0.5 2.0 1.2 1.5 1.9 0.6 1.2 1.3 0.5 0.2 2.3

Projected Population (millions) mid– 2025
63 2.3 2.4 2.8 54.4 1.5 1,063 395 37.6 357.5 668 179 0.4 5.3 9.1 19.9 9.8 123.4 7.1 4.3 46 0.1 0.4 0.3 11.2 0.1 12.0 0.1 0.5 11.7 2.8 0.4 0.2 4.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 1.4 443 45.9 12.4 212.4 19.3 53.8 16.1 0.3 0.8 8.0 34.5 0.5 3.5 35.1 4,858 3,382 293 3.3 9.7 1.6 1.1 4.2 43.3

mid– 2050
68 2.8 2.6 3.6 57.4 1.7 1,205 481 41.9 439.0 724 200 0.5 6.1 11.2 27.5 12.4 129.0 8.2 5.1 49 0.1 0.5 0.3 10.0 0.1 13.4 0.1 0.5 15.1 2.7 0.4 0.2 3.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 1.3 475 50.9 14.9 215.3 20.7 59.2 18.0 0.5 0.5 9.9 39.8 0.5 3.6 41.7 5,461 4,024 377 3.3 11.6 2.0 1.1 3.5 61.9

Projected Population Infant Change 2009–2050 Mortality Ratea (%)
17 39 21 65 13 48 31 41 24 43 25 31 56 35 52 96 66 18 44 47 19 26 33 -8 -11 -10 33 -8 21 63 -1 -13 -7 -6 26 28 -13 -4 23 26 51 12 22 31 32 104 -29 55 36 -8 7 47 33 44 63 7 32 61 0 -23 106 48 48 83 46 45 85 18 6 5.0 6.6 23 21 18 9.7 24 34 23 19 24 15 34 20 11 13 4.7 16 32 14 6 57 26 8 13 8.8 15 19.4 17.6 26 23 12.9 50 24 7.6 19 25 10.4 43 36 26 16 10.5 16.5 43 48 38 25 11 8 6 13 84

Total Fertility Rateb
2.8 3.2 3.4 3.6 2.7 3.8 2.2 2.0 1.6 2.1 2.3 2.5 3.1 1.9 2.5 4.4 3.3 2.3 2.9 2.4 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6 2.3 2.8 2.4 2.4 4.0 2.4 1.9 1.9 1.7 2.3 1.7 2.1 1.6 2.2 2.4 3.5 2.0 1.9 2.4 2.8 3.9 2.5 3.5 2.6 2.4 2.0 2.6 2.3 2.7 3.1 1.7 2.3 2.0 1.5 1.4 4.4

Percent of Population Ages <15
33 35 39 38 32 35 26 20 17 20 30 33 39 27 34 43 38 32 38 30 28 28 28 22 18 29 33 29 23 38 30 22 22 20 28 28 29 24 29 26 38 28 25 30 33 35 32 36 32 30 24 31 27 30 33 20 23 21 18 17 41

65+
5 5 5 4 5 4 9 13 14 13 6 5 5 6 5 4 4 6 4 6 8 7 6 12 12 10 6 6 12 4 8 12 10 14 8 7 7 7 6 10 4 6 8 5 6 4 5 5 6 7 13 5 7 6 5 10 7 3 11 15 3

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 7

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Net Migration Rate per 1,000 Population
1 8 8 -1 32 -1 94 -7 8 0 48 -1 -0 6 -1 3 -0 -1 0 -10 0 -1 -2 -2 -2 -1 -2 -0 2 -0 -1 -2 1 -2 -2 49 1 2 0 0 0 3 15 -0 0 2 -0 1 3 4 6 5 -0 3 3 9 -1 -3 8 6 3

Population mid-2009 (millions)
israel Jordan Kuwait lebanon oman Palestinian territory Qatar Saudi arabia Syria turkey united arab emirates Yemen SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan india iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Maldives nepal Pakistan Sri lanka tajikistan turkmenistan uzbekistan SOUTHEAST ASIA Brunei cambodia indonesia laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore thailand timor-leste Vietnam EAST ASIA china china, Hong Kong SaRc china, Macao SaRc Japan Korea, north Korea, South Mongolia taiwan EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE channel islands Denmark estonia finland iceland ireland latvia lithuania norway Sweden united Kingdom
7.6 5.9 3.0 3.9 3.1 3.9 1.4 28.7 21.9 74.8 5.1 22.9 1,726 28.4 162.2 0.7 1,171.0 73.2 15.9 5.3 0.3 27.5 180.8 20.5 7.5 5.1 27.6 597 0.4 14.8 243.3 6.3 28.3 50.0 92.2 5.1 67.8 1.1 87.3 1,564 1,331.4 7.0 0.6 127.6 22.7 48.7 2.7 23.1 738 99 0.2 5.5 1.3 5.3 0.3 4.5 2.3 3.3 4.8 9.3 61.8

Births per 1,000 Population
21 28 18 20 25 33 13 29 28 18 15 38 24 39 23 25 23 20 23 24 22 29 30 19 28 22 23 21 16 25 21 28 21 21 26 10 15 40 17 12 12 11 9 9 16 9 24 8 11 13 11 12 12 11 15 16 10 11 13 12 13

Deaths per 1,000 Population
5 4 2 5 3 4 1 2 3 6 2 8 7 18 7 8 7 5 10 7 4 9 7 7 5 8 5 7 3 8 6 7 5 10 5 4 9 9 5 7 7 6 3 9 10 5 6 6 11 10 8 10 12 9 6 6 14 13 9 10 9

Rate of Natural Increase (%)
1.6 2.4 1.6 1.5 2.2 2.8 1.1 2.6 2.5 1.2 1.4 3.0 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.3 1.2 2.3 1.4 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.7 1.5 2.1 1.6 1.1 2.1 0.6 0.6 3.1 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 -0.0 0.5 0.4 1.8 0.2 -0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.0 0.2 0.9 1.0 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4

Projected Population (millions) mid– 2025
9.4 7.6 4.0 4.5 4.1 6.0 1.8 35.7 28.6 87.4 6.7 34.5 2,148 39.4 195.0 0.9 1,444.5 88.0 18.0 6.5 0.4 35.7 246.3 23.2 10.2 6.1 34.4 712 0.5 19.0 291.9 8.3 34.6 57.6 120.2 5.8 72.6 1.9 100.1 1,704 1,476.0 8.0 0.8 119.3 23.6 49.1 3.3 23.9 736 109 0.2 5.7 1.3 5.6 0.4 5.7 2.1 3.2 5.6 9.9 68.8

mid– 2050
11.4 9.6 5.2 5.3 5.3 9.4 2.3 49.8 36.9 97.4 9.1 52.1 2,624 53.4 222.5 1.0 1,748.0 100.2 21.1 8.0 0.5 46.0 335.2 25.4 13.7 6.8 42.4 827 0.6 23.8 343.1 10.7 40.4 63.4 150.1 5.6 73.4 3.2 112.8 1,633 1,437.0 8.8 0.8 95.2 22.9 42.3 4.0 21.5 702 118 0.2 5.8 1.2 5.7 0.4 6.4 1.8 2.7 6.6 10.5 76.9

Projected Population Infant Change 2009–2050 Mortality Ratea (%)
49 62 76 37 71 140 64 74 68 30 79 128 52 88 37 46 49 37 33 52 51 67 85 24 84 33 54 39 64 61 41 70 43 27 63 10 8 184 29 4 8 25 53 -25 1 -13 48 -7 -5 20 -4 5 -12 8 27 42 -20 -18 36 13 24 3.6 20 9 19 10 25 7 18 16 28 7 69 57 155 48 40 55 35 32 31 10 48 67 15 65 51 48 30 7 62 34 64 9 75 23 2.1 7 67 15 20 21 1.8 3 2.6 54 4 41 4.7 6 4 3.6 4.0 4.4 2.6 2.5 3.1 8.7 4.9 2.7 2.5 4.6

Total Fertility Rateb
2.9 3.6 2.2 2.4 3.4 4.6 2.4 3.9 3.3 2.1 2.0 5.5 2.8 5.7 2.5 3.1 2.7 2.0 2.7 2.8 2.3 3.1 4.0 2.4 3.4 2.5 2.6 2.5 1.7 3.0 2.5 3.5 2.6 2.3 3.3 1.3 1.8 6.5 2.1 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.0 1.4 2.0 1.2 2.6 1.0 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.4 1.5 2.0 1.9 1.9

Percent of Population Ages <15
28 37 23 26 29 44 17 38 36 27 19 45 32 44 32 32 32 28 24 30 30 37 38 26 38 31 33 29 26 35 29 39 32 27 35 18 22 45 26 19 19 13 13 13 22 17 33 17 15 18 16 19 15 17 21 21 14 15 19 17 18

65+
10 3 2 7 2 3 1 2 3 6 1 3 5 2 4 5 5 5 8 5 5 4 4 7 4 4 5 6 4 3 6 4 4 5 4 9 7 3 7 10 8 13 7 23 9 10 4 10 16 16 15 17 17 17 12 11 17 16 15 18 16

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 8

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Net Migration Rate per 1,000 Population
1 4 4 1 0 5 16 0 2 7 1 1 -0 7 2 -1 -0 -0 2 1 0 6 -0 16 -0 2 4 8 0 5 -1 2 12 1 9 8 7 12 -15 -8 0 0 -1 -23 0 5 2 2 0 -17 -3 -17 -9 0

Population mid-2009 (millions)
WESTERN EUROPE austria Belgium france Germany liechtenstein luxembourg Monaco netherlands Switzerland EASTERN EUROPE Belarus Bulgaria czech Republic Hungary Moldova Poland Romania Russia Slovakia ukraine SOUTHERN EUROPE albania andorra Bosnia-herzegovina croatia Greece italy Kosovod Macedoniae Malta Montenegro Portugal San Marino Serbia Slovenia Spain OCEANIA australia federated States of Micronesia fiji french Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall islands nauru new caledonia new Zealand Palau Papua new Guinea Samoa Solomon islands tonga tuvalu Vanuatu
189 8.4 10.8 62.6 82.0 0.04 0.5 0.04 16.5 7.8 295 9.7 7.6 10.5 10.0 4.1 38.1 21.5 141.8 5.4 46.0 155 3.2 0.1 3.8 4.4 11.3 60.3 2.2 2.0 0.4 0.6 10.6 0.03 7.3 2.0 46.9 36 21.9 0.1 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.01 0.3 4.3 0.02 6.6 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.01 0.2

Births per 1,000 Population
10 9 11 13 8 10 11 7 11 10 11 11 10 11 10 11 11 10 12 11 11 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 21 11 9 13 10 10 9 11 11 18 14 25 24 18 19 27 35 31 17 15 13 31 26 35 27 23 31

Deaths per 1,000 Population
9 9 9 9 10 6 7 6 8 8 14 14 14 10 13 12 10 12 15 10 16 9 5 3 9 12 10 10 7 9 8 10 10 7 14 9 8 7 7 6 7 4 4 9 6 10 5 7 7 10 5 8 7 9 6

Rate of Natural Increase (%)
0.1 0.0 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 -0.5 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.0 1.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.0 0.3 -0.5 0.2 0.3 1.1 0.7 1.9 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.8 2.9 2.1 1.2 0.8 0.6 2.2 2.0 2.7 2.1 1.4 2.5

Projected Population (millions) mid– 2025
192 8.8 11.8 66.1 79.6 0.04 0.6 0.04 17.2 8.1 278 9.2 6.9 10.2 9.8 3.8 37.4 20.5 133.3 5.4 41.9 157 3.3 0.1 3.7 4.3 11.7 61.9 2.7 2.0 0.4 0.6 10.9 0.04 6.8 2.0 46.2 45 26.9 0.1 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.01 0.3 4.9 0.02 9.1 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.01 0.3

mid– 2050
189 9.5 12.5 70.0 71.4 0.05 0.7 0.04 17.3 8.1 243 8.4 5.9 9.4 9.1 3.1 31.8 18.1 116.9 4.9 35.3 151 2.9 0.1 3.1 3.8 11.5 61.7 3.2 1.9 0.4 0.6 10.7 0.04 5.9 1.9 43.9 58 34.0 0.1 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.02 0.4 5.5 0.02 13.4 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.01 0.5

Projected Population Infant Change 2009–2050 Mortality Ratea (%)
0 14 15 12 -13 26 40 7 5 4 -18 -13 -22 -10 -10 -24 -17 -15 -18 -10 -23 -3 -11 -5 -20 -13 2 2 43 -9 -3 -4 0 11 -20 -8 -7 60 55 24 12 34 47 65 13 64 43 27 12 103 11 140 19 26 126 4 3.7 4.0 3.6 3.9 2.7 1.8 — 3.8 3.9 8 5 8.6 2.8 5.3 12 5.6 10.9 9 5.4 10 5 6 3.6 5 5.6 3.6 3.7 33 10 6.5 7.4 3.4 — 7.1 2.1 3.5 22 4.1 38 18 6.8 13.3 52 21 46 6 5.0 20 51 20 48 19 35 27

Total Fertility Rateb
1.6 1.4 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.6 — 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.4 2.5 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.5 2.5 2.0 3.9 2.6 2.2 2.6 3.5 4.5 3.4 2.2 2.2 2.0 4.1 4.2 4.6 4.2 3.7 4.0

Percent of Population Ages <15
16 15 17 18 14 17 18 13 18 15 15 15 13 14 15 18 15 15 15 15 14 15 25 15 16 15 14 14 31 19 16 20 15 15 15 14 14 24 19 37 29 26 28 36 41 39 27 21 24 40 40 41 38 32 41

65+
18 17 17 17 20 12 14 24 15 17 14 14 17 15 16 10 14 15 14 12 16 18 9 12 14 17 19 20 6 11 14 13 17 16 17 16 17 10 13 4 5 6 7 4 2 1 7 13 6 2 5 3 6 6 3

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 9

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Percent of Population With HIV/AIDS Life Expectancy at Birth (years) Both Sexes
WorlD MoRE DEVEloPED lESS DEVEloPED lESS DEVEloPED (Excl. China) lEAST DEVEloPED AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA NORTHERN AFRICA algeria egypt libya Morocco Sudan tunisia Western Sahara WESTERN AFRICA Benin Burkina faso cape Verde côte d'ivoire Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau liberia Mali Mauritania niger nigeria Senegal Sierra leone togo EASTERN AFRICA Burundi comoros Djibouti eritrea ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mayotte Mozambique Reunion Rwanda Seychelles Somalia tanzania uganda Zambia Zimbabwe MIDDLE AFRICA angola cameroon central african Republic chad congo congo, Dem. Rep. equatorial Guinea Gabon Sao tome and Principe
69 77 67 65 56 55 51 69 72 72 73 71 58 74 65 51 56 57 71 52 55 59 56 46 56 48 57 53 47 55 48 61 51 49 64 55 58 53 54 59 46 72 74 43 76 48 73 50 54 50 43 41 51 46 52 45 47 53 53 59 59 65

Males
67 74 65 63 55 53 50 67 71 70 71 69 57 72 63 50 54 56 68 50 54 58 54 45 54 47 55 51 47 54 48 60 50 48 62 53 56 51 53 57 45 69 72 42 72 46 68 48 53 50 43 39 49 44 51 45 46 52 49 59 58 63

Females
71 81 68 67 57 56 53 71 74 74 76 73 60 76 67 52 57 58 73 53 57 59 58 48 57 48 59 54 48 57 49 63 52 51 66 56 61 54 55 61 47 76 76 44 80 50 79 51 55 51 44 43 52 48 52 45 48 54 55 60 61 67

Percent Urban
50 75 44 43 27 38 35 50 63 43 77 56 38 66 81 42 41 16 59 48 54 48 33 30 58 31 40 17 47 41 37 40 22 10 28 87 21 16 19 30 17 42 28 29 92 18 53 37 25 13 37 37 41 57 57 38 27 60 33 39 84 58

Adults Ages 15–49 2001
0.8 0.4 1.0 1.4 — 4.6 5.7 0.4 0.1 — — 0.1 1.4 <0.1 — 2.8 1.3 2.1 — 6.0 0.9 2.3 1.2 1.8 1.4 1.5 0.7 0.7 3.2 0.4 — 3.6 — 3.5 <0.1 3.1 1.2 2.4 — 0.1 13.3 0.3 — 10.3 — 4.3 — 0.5 — 7.9 — 26.0 — 1.6 6.0 6.4 3.4 4.4 — 3.7 5.6 —

Youth Ages 15–24, 2007/2008 Males
0.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.2 — 0.1 — — 0.1 0.3 0.1 — 0.7 0.3 0.5 — 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.5 1.4 0.2 2.4 1.8 — 2.9 — 0.5 — 0.6 0.5 1.3 4.3 2.9 1.0 0.2 1.2 1.1 2.0 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.3 —

Percent of Married Women 15–49 Using Contraception* All Methods
62 68 61 51 28 28 22 49 61 60 42 63 8 60 — 15 17 17 61 13 10 24 9 10 11 8 9 11 15 12 8 17 26 9 26 18 8 15 39 27 42 76 — 17 67 36 — 15 26 24 41 60 19 6 26 19 3 44 21 — 33 29

2007/2008
0.8 0.5 1.0 1.4 2.9 4.3 5.0 0.4 0.1 — — 0.1 1.4 0.1 — 2.5 1.2 1.6 — 3.9 0.9 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.5 0.8 0.8 3.1 1.0 1.5 3.3 5.6 2.0 <0.1 3.1 1.3 2.1 7.4 0.1 11.9 1.7 — 12.5 — 2.8 — 0.5 5.7 5.4 14.3 15.3 2.5 2.1 5.1 6.3 3.5 3.5 1.3 3.4 5.9 —

Females
0.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 1.9 3.0 3.4 — 0.1 — — 0.1 1.0 <0.1 — 1.8 0.9 0.9 — 2.4 0.6 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.5 2.3 0.8 1.4 2.4 3.6 1.3 <0.1 2.1 0.9 1.5 5.6 0.1 8.4 1.0 — 8.5 — 1.4 — 0.3 0.9 3.9 8.5 7.7 1.6 0.3 4.3 5.5 2.8 2.3 0.5 2.5 3.9 —

Modern Methods
55 58 55 43 22 23 17 44 52 58 20 55 6 52 — 9 6 13 57 8 9 17 6 6 10 6 8 5 9 10 7 11 21 8 19 17 5 14 32 17 39 42 — 12 64 27 — 1 20 18 33 58 7 5 12 9 2 13 6 — 12 27

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 10

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Percent of Population With HIV/AIDS Life Expectancy at Birth (years) Both Sexes
SOUTHERN AFRICA Botswana lesotho namibia South africa Swaziland AMERICAS NORTHERN AMERICA canada united States LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN CENTRAL AMERICA Belize costa Rica el Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico nicaragua Panama CARIBBEAN antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Grenada Guadeloupe Haiti Jamaica Martinique netherlands antilles Puerto Rico St. Kitts-nevis Saint lucia St. Vincent & the Grenadines trinidad and tobago SOUTH AMERICA argentina Bolivia Brazil chile colombia ecuador french Guiana Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname uruguay Venezuela asia asia (excl. China) WESTERN ASIA armenia azerbaijan Bahrain cyprus Georgia iraq
52 49 40 59 52 46 75 78 81 78 73 74 73 79 71 70 72 75 71 75 71 73 72 77 78 75 72 74 79 58 72 80 76 78 70 73 72 69 73 75 65 73 78 72 75 75 66 71 72 69 76 73 69 68 72 72 72 75 78 75 67

Males
50 44 40 58 50 46 72 75 78 75 70 72 71 77 66 66 69 73 68 73 69 71 70 73 76 72 69 73 75 57 68 76 71 74 68 71 70 67 70 71 63 69 75 69 72 72 63 69 70 66 72 70 68 66 69 68 70 73 75 71 64

Females
53 54 39 61 54 46 78 80 83 80 76 77 74 82 76 73 74 78 74 78 74 75 75 79 80 77 75 76 83 60 75 83 79 82 72 76 74 71 76 79 67 77 81 76 78 79 69 73 75 73 79 76 71 69 74 75 75 77 80 79 72

Percent Urban
56 60 24 35 59 24 78 79 81 79 77 70 51 59 60 47 49 77 58 64 63 31 83 38 76 73 64 31 100 43 52 98 92 94 32 28 40 12 81 91 65 84 87 75 63 76 28 57 76 67 94 88 42 40 64 64 52 100 62 53 67

Adults Ages 15–49 2001
17.6 26.5 23.9 14.6 16.9 26.3 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.1 — 3.1 1.2 <0.1 — 1.3 — — 2.2 1.4 — — — — — — 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.3 — 2.5 0.4 0.4 1.3 0.4 — 0.3 — — 0.1 — — — — —

Youth Ages 15–24, 2007/2008 Males
4.1 5.1 5.9 3.4 4.0 5.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.9 — 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.5 — 3.2 1.3 0.1 — 0.3 — — 0.6 1.7 — — — — — — 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.2 1.0 0.3 0.7 0.4 — 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.7 0.6 — 0.2 0.3 — 0.2 0.3 — — 0.1 —

Percent of Married Women 15–49 Using Contraception* All Methods
59 44 37 55 60 51 72 73 75 73 71 68 56 80 73 43 65 71 72 — 62 — — — 73 — 73 — — 32 69 — — 78 — — — 43 73 65 61 76 61 78 73 — 34 79 71 42 77 70 67 56 54 53 51 — — 47 50

2007/2008
18.5 23.9 23.2 15.3 18.1 26.1 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.1 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.1 — 3.0 1.2 0.1 — 1.1 — — 2.2 1.6 — — — — — — 1.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 — 2.5 0.6 0.5 2.4 0.6 — 0.2 0.3 — 0.1 0.2 — — 0.1 —

Females
13.0 15.3 14.9 10.3 12.7 22.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.2 0.5 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.8 — 1.5 0.6 0.1 — 0.6 — — 1.4 0.9 — — — — — — 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 — 1.7 0.3 0.3 1.4 0.3 — 0.2 0.3 — 0.1 0.1 — — 0.1 —

Modern Methods
58 42 35 53 60 48 66 69 73 68 64 63 49 72 66 34 56 67 70 — 55 — — — 72 — 60 — — 25 66 — — 68 — — — 38 65 — 35 70 58 68 59 — 33 71 48 41 75 62 61 47 35 20 14 — — 27 33

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 11

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Percent of Population With HIV/AIDS Life Expectancy at Birth (years) Both Sexes
israel Jordan Kuwait lebanon oman Palestinian territory Qatar Saudi arabia Syria turkey united arab emirates Yemen SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan india iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Maldives nepal Pakistan Sri lanka tajikistan turkmenistan uzbekistan SOUTHEAST ASIA Brunei cambodia indonesia laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore thailand timor-leste Vietnam EAST ASIA china china, Hong Kong SaRc china, Macao SaRc Japan Korea, north Korea, South Mongolia taiwan EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE channel islands Denmark estonia finland iceland ireland latvia lithuania norway Sweden united Kingdom
81 73 78 72 72 72 76 76 74 72 77 63 65 44 65 68 64 71 67 68 73 64 66 71 67 65 68 70 77 61 71 65 74 61 69 81 69 61 74 74 73 82 82 83 63 80 65 78 76 79 79 79 73 80 81 79 72 71 81 81 79

Males
79 72 76 70 70 70 75 74 72 69 77 62 64 44 64 67 63 69 62 64 72 63 66 67 64 61 65 68 75 59 69 63 72 59 66 78 66 60 72 72 71 79 79 79 61 76 62 75 72 77 77 76 67 76 80 77 66 65 78 79 77

Females
83 74 80 74 74 73 77 78 76 74 79 64 66 44 66 68 65 73 72 72 74 64 67 75 69 69 71 72 80 63 73 66 77 63 72 83 72 62 76 76 75 86 84 86 66 83 69 82 80 81 82 81 79 83 83 82 77 77 83 83 82

Percent Urban
92 83 98 87 71 72 100 81 54 63 83 29 31 22 25 31 29 67 53 35 35 17 35 15 26 47 36 43 72 15 43 27 68 31 63 100 36 22 28 51 46 100 100 86 60 82 60 78 71 77 31 72 69 63 93 60 68 67 80 84 80

Adults Ages 15–49 2001
0.1 — — 0.1 — — — — — — — — 0.4 — — — 0.5 0.1 <0.1 <0.1 — 0.5 <0.1 — 0.1 — — 0.5 — 1.5 0.1 <0.1 0.3 0.9 — 0.1 1.7 — 0.3 0.1 0.1 — — — — <0.1 — — 0.3 0.2 — 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Youth Ages 15–24, 2007/2008 Males
<0.1 — — 0.1 — — — — — — — — 0.3 — — 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 — 0.5 0.1 <0.1 0.4 — 0.1 0.5 — 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.7 — 0.2 1.2 — 0.6 0.1 0.1 — — — — <0.1 0.1 — 0.6 0.3 — 0.2 1.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

Percent of Married Women 15–49 Using Contraception* All Methods
— 57 52 58 — 50 43 32 58 71 — 28 53 10 56 — 56 74 51 48 39 48 30 68 38 62 65 60 — 40 61 32 — 37 51 62 72 10 79 86 90 — — 52 69 81 66 71 68 81 — — 70 79 — — 85 47 — 75 84

2007/2008
0.1 — — 0.1 — — — — — — — — 0.3 — — 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 — 0.5 0.1 — 0.3 <0.1 0.1 0.5 — 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 — 0.2 1.4 — 0.5 0.1 0.1 — — — — <0.1 0.1 — 0.5 0.2 — 0.2 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Females
0.1 — — 0.1 — — — — — — — — 0.3 — — <0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 — 0.3 0.1 — 0.1 — 0.1 0.3 — 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.6 — 0.1 1.2 — 0.3 0.1 0.1 — — — — <0.1 — — 0.4 0.1 — 0.1 0.7 <0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Modern Methods
— 42 39 34 — 39 32 29 43 43 — 19 45 9 48 31 49 56 49 46 34 44 22 53 33 53 59 53 — 27 57 29 — 33 34 55 70 9 68 85 90 — — 44 58 67 61 — 55 75 — — 56 78 — — 60 30 — 65 79

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 12

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD Percent of Population With HIV/AIDS Life Expectancy at Birth (years) Both Sexes
WESTERN EUROPE austria Belgium france Germany liechtenstein luxembourg Monaco netherlands Switzerland EASTERN EUROPE Belarus Bulgaria czech Republic Hungary Moldova Poland Romania Russia Slovakia ukraine SOUTHERN EUROPE albania andorra Bosnia-herzegovina croatia Greece italy Kosovod Macedoniae Malta Montenegro Portugal San Marino Serbia Slovenia Spain OCEANIA australia federated States of Micronesia fiji french Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall islands nauru new caledonia new Zealand Palau Papua new Guinea Samoa Solomon islands tonga tuvalu Vanuatu
80 80 80 81 80 80 80 — 80 82 70 70 73 77 73 69 76 72 68 75 68 80 75 — 75 76 80 82 69 74 80 73 78 82 73 78 81 76 81 68 68 74 78 61 66 56 76 80 69 59 73 62 71 64 67

Males
77 78 77 78 77 79 78 — 78 79 65 65 70 74 69 65 71 69 61 71 63 77 72 — 72 72 77 79 67 71 77 70 75 80 71 75 78 74 79 67 66 72 75 59 64 55 72 78 66 57 72 62 70 62 66

Females
83 83 82 84 82 82 83 — 82 84 75 76 77 80 77 73 80 76 74 79 74 83 79 — 77 79 82 84 71 76 82 75 82 85 76 82 84 78 84 68 71 77 82 63 67 57 80 82 72 62 74 63 72 65 69

Percent Urban
75 67 97 77 73 15 83 100 66 73 69 74 71 74 66 41 61 55 73 56 68 67 49 90 46 56 60 68 — 65 94 64 55 84 56 48 77 67 83 22 51 53 93 44 68 100 58 86 77 13 22 17 24 47 21

Adults Ages 15–49 2001
0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 — 0.2 — 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.2 — — 0.1 <0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 — 0.8 0.4 — — — — 0.1 0.4 — — 0.1 — 0.5 — 0.1f — 0.5 0.1 0.1 — 0.1 — — — — — — 0.1 — 0.3 — — — — —

Youth Ages 15–24, 2007/2008 Males
0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 — 0.2 — 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.3 — <0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 1.3 — 1.5 — — — — — 0.2 0.4 — — 0.1 — 0.5 — 0.1f — 0.6 0.2 0.2 — 0.1 — — — — — — 0.1 — 0.6 — — — — —

Percent of Married Women 15–49 Using Contraception* All Methods
74 57 78 79 70 — — — — 82 64 73 42 72 77 68 49 70 65 74 67 62 60 — 36 — 61 60 44 14 86 39 67 — 41f 74 72 — 85 — — — — — 45 36 — — — — — — — — —

2007/2008
0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 — 0.2 — 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.2 — — 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.1 <0.1 1.6 0.4 — — <0.1 <0.1 0.2 0.4 — <0.1 0.1 — 0.5 — 0.1f <0.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 — 0.1 — — — — — — 0.1 — 1.5 — — — — —

Females
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 — 0.1 — 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.1 — — <0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 — 1.5 — — — — — 0.1 0.2 — — 0.1 — 0.3 — 0.1f — 0.2 0.1 <0.1 — — — — — — — — — — 0.7 — — — — —

Modern Methods
69 41 74 76 66 — — -— 69 78 44 57 26 63 68 44 19 38 47 41 48 46 22 — 11 — 34 39 18 10 43 17 63 — 19f 59 67 59 75 70 40 — — 21 42 25 — 72 17 9 54 16 23 29 15

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 13

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD

GNI PPP per Capita (US$) 2008
WorlD MoRE DEVEloPED lESS DEVEloPED lESS DEVEloPED (Excl. China) lEAST DEVEloPED AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA NORTHERN AFRICA algeria egypt libya Morocco Sudan tunisia Western Sahara WESTERN AFRICA Benin Burkina faso cape Verde côte d'ivoire Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau liberia Mali Mauritania niger nigeria Senegal Sierra leone togo EASTERN AFRICA Burundi comoros Djibouti eritrea ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mayotte Mozambique Reunion Rwanda Seychelles Somalia tanzania uganda Zambia Zimbabwe MIDDLE AFRICA angola cameroon central african Republic chad congo congo, Dem. Rep. equatorial Guinea Gabon Sao tome and Principe
$10,090 32,320 5,170 4,910 1,230 2,660 1,950 5,370 7,940 5,460 15,630 4,330 1,930 7,070 — 1,600 1,460 1,160 3,450 1,580 1,280 1,430 1,190 530 300 1,090 2,000 680 1,940 1,760 750 820 1,030 380 1,170 2,330 630 870 1,580 1,040 830 12,480 — 770 — 1,010 19,770 — 1,230 1,140 1,230 — 1,650 5,020 2,180 730 1,160 3,090 290 21,700 12,270 1,780

Population per Square Kilometer
50 27 67 58 40 33 34 24 15 79 4 71 17 64 2 48 79 58 126 66 142 100 41 45 36 10 3 12 165 64 79 117 49 298 302 37 43 75 67 33 120 625 503 27 324 375 191 14 46 127 17 32 19 14 40 7 8 11 29 24 6 169

Percent Living on Less Than US$2/Day, 2005
48 — 51 56 80 65 74 18 24 18 — 14 — 13 — 76 75 81 40 47 57 54 87 78 95 77 44 86 84 60 76 69 78 93 65 41 — 78 40 90 90 — — 90 — 90 — — 97 76 82 — 74 70 58 82 83 74 80 — 20 —

Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions per Capita, 2006
4.1 11.5 2.4 1.8 — 0.9 0.6 1.8 2.6 2.1 7.0 1.3 0.3 1.9 — 0.3 0.3 — — 0.3 — 0.4 — — — — — — 0.4 0.4 — 0.1 — — — — 0.1 0.1 0.3 — — — — 0.1 — — — — 0.1 — 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.2 — — 0.3 z — 1.6 — 2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 14

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD

GNI PPP per Capita (US$) 2008
SOUTHERN AFRICA Botswana lesotho namibia South africa Swaziland AMERICAS NORTHERN AMERICA canada united States LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN CENTRAL AMERICA Belize costa Rica el Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico nicaragua Panama CARIBBEAN antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Grenada Guadeloupe Haiti Jamaica Martinique netherlands antilles Puerto Rico St. Kitts-nevis Saint lucia St. Vincent & the Grenadines trinidad and tobago SOUTH AMERICA argentina Bolivia Brazil chile colombia ecuador french Guiana Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname uruguay Venezuela asia asia (excl. China) WESTERN ASIA armenia azerbaijan Bahrain cyprus Georgia iraq
© 2009 Population reference Bureau 9,380 13,100 2,000 6,270 9,780 5,010 23,380 45,890 36,220 46,970 10,160 11,900 6,040 10,950 6,670 4,690 3,870 14,270 2,620 11,650 — 20,570 — — — 8,300 7,890 8,060 — 1,180 7,360 — — — 15,170 9,190 8,770 23,950 10,160 14,020 4,140 10,070 13,270 8,510 7,760 — 2,510 4,820 7,980 7,130 12,540 12,830 $6,020 6,020 10,720 6,310 7,770 — 24,040 4,850 —

Population per Square Kilometer
22 3 70 3 42 68 22 16 3 32 28 61 14 88 349 129 67 56 44 46 176 199 25 653 101 96 207 308 240 333 246 368 254 447 191 319 283 260 22 14 9 22 22 40 48 3 4 16 23 3 19 31 129 125 48 104 101 1,754 116 66 69

Percent Living on Less Than US$2/Day, 2005
45 49 62 62 43 81 — — — — 18 10 — 9 25 24 35 5 32 18 — — — — — — 15 — — 72 6 — — — — 41 — 14 19 11 30 18 5 26 20 — 17 18 19 27 5 32 53 62 — 43 <2 — — 30 —

Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions per Capita, 2006
6.3 2.4 — 1.5 7.2 — 8.4 18.4 16.5 19.0 2.4 3.1 — 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 4.0 0.7 1.8 2.2 — — — 2.4 — 1.9 — — 0.2 4.3 — 20.8 — — — — 20.3 2.2 3.8 1.4 1.8 3.6 1.3 1.9 — — 0.6 1.0 — 1.9 5.5 3.0 2.4 5.3 1.4 3.6 27.0 9.1 1.0 3.2 2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 15

See Notes on page 17.

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD

GNI PPP per Capita (US$) 2008
israel Jordan Kuwait lebanon oman Palestinian territory Qatar Saudi arabia Syria turkey united arab emirates Yemen SOUTH CENTRAL ASIA afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan india iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Maldives nepal Pakistan Sri lanka tajikistan turkmenistan uzbekistan SOUTHEAST ASIA Brunei cambodia indonesia laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore thailand timor-leste Vietnam EAST ASIA china china, Hong Kong SaRc china, Macao SaRc Japan Korea, north Korea, South Mongolia taiwan EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE channel islands Denmark estonia finland iceland ireland latvia lithuania norway Sweden united Kingdom
© 2009 Population reference Bureau 27,450 5,530 52,610 10,880 20,650 — — 22,950 4,350 13,770 — 2,210 3,120 — 1,440 4,880 2,960 10,840 9,690 2,130 5,280 1,120 2,700 4,480 1,860 6,210 2,660 4,520 50,200 1,820 3,830 2,060 13,740 1,290 3,900 47,940 5,990 4,690 2,700 9,100 6,020 43,960 52,260 35,220 — 28,120 3,480 — 25,550 36,090 — 37,280 19,280 35,660 25,220 37,350 16,740 18,210 58,500 38,180 36,130

Population per Square Kilometer
345 66 168 373 10 653 128 13 118 95 61 43 160 44 1,127 15 356 44 6 27 1,057 187 227 312 52 10 62 133 66 82 128 27 86 74 307 7,486 132 76 263 133 139 6,403 21,346 338 188 490 2 641 32 55 804 128 30 16 3 64 35 51 13 21 255

Percent Living on Less Than US$2/Day, 2005
— 4 — — — — — — — 9 — 47 70 — 81 50 76 8 17 52 — 78 60 40 51 50 77 44 — 68 54 77 8 — 45 — 12 78 48 36 36 — — — — — 49 — — — — — <2 — — — <2 <2 — — —

Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions per Capita, 2006
8.9 3.3 25.7 3.3 11.6 — 48.3 14.4 2.7 3.3 26.0 0.9 1.3 — 0.2 — 1.1 6.2 11.9 1.0 — 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.9 8.9 4.3 1.6 15.1 0.3 1.5 — 5.9 0.2 0.8 9.6 3.4 — 1.0 5.0 4.3 6.1 — 9.5 3.2 9.9 3.9 11.9 8.4 8.5 — 10.2 11.3 12.7 7.2 10.6 3.5 4.0 7.9 5.3 8.9 2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 16

See Notes on page 17.

PoPULATIoN, HEALTH, AND ENvIRoNMENT DATA AND ESTIMATES foR THE CoUNTRIES AND REGIoNS of THE WoRLD

GNI PPP per Capita (US$) 2008
WESTERN EUROPE austria Belgium france Germany liechtenstein luxembourg Monaco netherlands Switzerland EASTERN EUROPE Belarus Bulgaria czech Republic Hungary Moldova Poland Romania Russia Slovakia ukraine SOUTHERN EUROPE albania andorra Bosnia-herzegovina croatia Greece italy Kosovod Macedoniae Malta Montenegro Portugal San Marino Serbia Slovenia Spain OCEANIA australia federated States of Micronesia fiji french Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall islands nauru new caledonia new Zealand Palau Papua new Guinea Samoa Solomon islands tonga tuvalu Vanuatu
36,430 37,680 34,760 34,400 35,940 — 64,320 — 41,670 46,460 14,430 12,150 11,950 22,790 17,790 3,210 17,310 13,500 15,630 21,300 7,210 26,740 7,950 — 8,620 18,420 28,470 30,250 — 9,950 22,460 13,920 22,080 — 11,150 26,910 31,130 24,360 34,040 3,000 4,270 — — 3,660 — — — 25,090 — 2,000 4,340 2,580 3,880 — 3,940

Population per Square Kilometer
170 100 354 114 230 223 193 35,382 398 188 16 47 68 133 108 122 122 90 8 110 76 118 111 184 75 78 85 200 204 80 1,310 45 116 515 95 101 93 4 3 158 46 67 332 136 298 465 14 16 45 14 67 18 138 427 20

Percent Living on Less Than US$2/Day, 2005
— — — — — — — — — — 2 <2 <2 <2 <2 29 <2 3 <2 <2 <2 — 8 — <2 <2 — — — 3 — — — — — <2 — — — — — — — — — — — — — 57 — — — — —

Metric Tons of CO2 Emissions per Capita, 2006
8.7 8.8 11.1 6.0 10.0 — 23.6 — 10.9 5.8 8.9 6.6 6.2 11.8 5.6 1.9 8.0 4.4 11.1 7.0 6.6 7.0 1.3 — 4.4 4.7 8.4 7.6 — 3.9 6.2 — 5.3 — 7.2 7.7 7.4 — 19.0 — — — — — — — — 8.9 — — — — — — —

NOTES (—) Indicates data unavailable or inapplicable. a Infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Rates shown with decimals indicate national statistics reported as completely registered, while those without are estimates from the sources cited on reverse. Rates shown in italics are based upon fewer than 50 annual infant deaths and, as a result, are subject to considerable yearly variability. Average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime. Special Administrative Region. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia on Feb. 17, 2008. Serbia has not recognized Kosovo’s independence. The former Yugoslav Republic. Includes Kosovo. Rounds to zero. Data prior to 2003 are shown in italics.

b c d

e f z *

For additional notes and sources, see reverse side. Data prepared by PRB demographers Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent. © August 2009. Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved.

© 2009 Population reference Bureau

See Notes on page 17.

2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 17

Acknowledgments, Notes, Sources, and Definitions
ACkNoWLEDGMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge the valuable assistance of PRB staff members Donna Clifton, Jennay Ghowrwal, and Kelvin Pollard; staff of the International Programs Center of the U.S. Census Bureau; the United Nations (UN) Population Division; the Institut national d’etudes démographiques (INED), Paris; and the World Bank in the preparation of this year’s World Population Data Sheet. This publication is funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the U.S. Agency for International Development (Cooperative Agreement GPO-A-00-0300004-00), and supporters. The information in this Data Sheet was not provided by and does not represent the views of the United States government or the U.S. Agency for International Development. NoTES The Data Sheet lists all geopolitical entities with populations of 150,000 or more and all members of the UN. These include sovereign states, dependencies, overseas departments, and some territories whose status or boundaries may be undetermined or in dispute. More developed regions, following the UN classification, comprise all of Europe and North America, plus Australia, Japan, and New Zealand. All other regions and countries are classified as less developed. The least developed countries consist of 49 countries with especially low incomes, high economic vulnerability, and poor human development indicators. The criteria and list of countries, as defined by the United Nations, can be found at www.unohrlls.org/en/ldc/. Sub-Saharan Africa: All countries of Africa except the northern African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. World and Regional Totals: Regional population totals are independently rounded and include small countries or areas not shown. Regional and world rates and percentages are weighted averages of countries for which data are available; regional averages are shown when data or estimates are available for at least three-quarters of the region’s population. World Population Data Sheets from different years should not be used as a time series. Fluctuations in values from year to year often reflect revisions based on new data or estimates rather than actual changes in levels. Additional information on likely trends and consistent time series can be obtained from PRB, and are also available in UN and U.S. Census Bureau publications and websites. SoURCES The rates and figures are primarily compiled from the following sources: official country statistical yearbooks, bulletins, and websites; United Nations Demographic Yearbook, 2006 of the UN Statistics Division; World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision of the UN Population Division; and the International Data Base of the International Programs Center, U.S. Census Bureau. Other sources include recent demographic surveys such as the Demographic and Health Surveys, Reproductive Health Surveys, special studies, and direct communication with demographers and statistical bureaus in the United States and abroad. Specific data sources may be obtained by contacting the authors of the 2009 World Population Data Sheet. For countries with complete registration of births and deaths, rates are those most recently reported. For more developed countries, nearly all vital rates refer to 2007 or 2008. DEfINITIoNS Mid-2009 Population Estimates are based on a recent census, official national data, or PRB, UN, and U.S. Census Bureau projections. The effects of refugee movements, large numbers of foreign workers, and population shifts due to contemporary political events are taken into account to the extent possible. Birth and Death Rate The annual number of births and deaths per 1,000 total population. These rates are often referred to as “crude rates” since they do not take a population’s age structure into account. Thus, crude death rates in more developed countries, with a relatively large proportion of high-mortality older population, are often higher than those in less developed countries with lower life expectancy. Rate of Natural Increase (RNI) The birth rate minus the death rate, implying the annual rate of population growth without regard for migration. Expressed as a percentage. Net Migration The estimated rate of net immigration (immigration minus emigration) per 1,000 population for a recent year based upon the official national rate or derived as a residual from estimated birth, death, and population growth rates. Migration rates can vary substantially from year to year for any particular country as can the definition of an immigrant. Projected Population 2025 and 2050 Projected populations based upon reasonable assumptions on the future course of fertility, mortality, and migration. Projections are based upon official country projections, series issued by the UN or the U.S. Census Bureau, or PRB projections. Infant Mortality Rate The annual number of deaths of infants under age 1 per 1,000 live births. Rates shown with decimals indicate national statistics reported as completely registered, while those without are estimates from the sources cited above. Rates shown in italics are based upon fewer than 50 annual infant deaths and, as a result, are subject to considerable yearly variability. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) The average number of children a woman would have assuming that current age-specific birth rates remain constant throughout her childbearing years (usually considered to be ages 15 to 49). Population Under Age 15/Age 65+ The percentage of the total population in these ages, which are often considered the “dependent ages.” Life Expectancy at Birth The average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live under current mortality levels. Percent Urban Percentage of the total population living in areas termed “urban” by that country. Countries define urban in many different ways, from population centers of 100 or more dwellings to only the population living in national and provincial capitals. Prevalence of HIV/AIDS The estimated percentage of adults, ages 15-49, and youth, ages 15-24, living with HIV/AIDS. Most figures are from UNAIDS’ 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. Figures are updated with data from Demographic and Health Surveys where available. Some regional averages were calculated by PRB. Contraceptive Use The percentage of currently married or “in-union” women of reproductive age who are currently using any form of contraception. “Modern” methods include clinic and supply methods such as the pill, IUD, condom, and sterilization. Data are from the most recently available nationallevel surveys, such as Demographic and Health Surveys, Reproductive Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, regional survey programs, national surveys, and the UN Population Division World Contraceptive Use 2007. For more developed countries, data refer to some point in the 1990s and early 2000s; and for less developed countries, from 1995. Data prior to 2003 are shown in italics. GNI PPP per Capita, 2008 (US$) GNI PPP per capita is gross national income in purchasing power parity (PPP) divided by midyear population. GNI PPP refers to gross national income converted to “international” dollars using a purchasing power parity conversion factor. International dollars indicate the amount of goods and services one could buy in the United States with a given amount of money. Data are from the World Bank. Figures in italics are for 2006 or 2007. Percent of Population Living on Less Than US$2/Day The proportion of the population living on less than US$2 per day at 2005 international prices, which are prices converted using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates. PPP is the amount of a country’s currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the country’s domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. The World Bank’s estimates are drawn from surveys that use common methods for measuring household living standards across countries. Most estimates refer to the 2001-2007 period. Figures are taken from the World Bank, 2008 World Development Indicators, Poverty Data, A Supplement to World Development Indicators 2008. Carbon Dioxide Emissions per Capita The amount of CO2 in metric tons produced or emitted per person. Figures shown include carbon dioxide produced through fuel combustion. Figures are taken from the International Energy Agency, Key World Energy Statistics 2008.

For a full list of PRB publications available in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, and Portuguese, go to PRB’s online store at www.prb.org. To order PRB publications (discounts available for bulk orders): • Online at www.prb.org. • E-mail: popref@prb.org. • Call toll-free: 800-877-9881. • Fax: 202-328-3937. • Mail: 1875 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 520, Washington, DC 20009. The 2009 World Population Data Sheet is also available in French and Spanish. Data prepared by PRB demographers Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent. Design and production: Michelle Corbett, Black Mountain Creative. © August 2009. Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. ISSN 0085-8315 Photo Credits from cover, top to bottom: © 2005 Omar Mohsen, Courtesy of Photoshare; © 2006 Richard Nyberg, Courtesy of Photoshare; © 2007 naphtalina, iStockPhoto; © 2007 Alfredo L. Fort, Courtesy of Photoshare

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2009 World PoPulation data Sheet 18

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