CHEMICAL EMERGENCIES_ PLANNING_ PREPAREDNESS AND by hcj

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									TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




             INEGRATION OF ONSITE-OFFSITE
                   EMERGENCY PLANS-
                 ISSUES & SUGGESTIONS


                        21st October, 2010
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                             Presentation By



                          TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech
                        Safety Management Specialist
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




              Introductory & Significance
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Till Bhopal Accident, Much Thought was
       not given to Chemical Emergencies
     • Though in other countries Considerable
       Advances were made
     • Even Western Industry started reviewing
       and consolidating their views /approaches/
       implementations
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




         Learnings of Bhopal Chemical
                Plant Disaster
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        From Company Side
     • Emergency Consequences were
           – not adequately identified
           – not estimated
     • An emergency response plan was
       available as a routine-
     • never updated
     • nor familiarised with plant personnel
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



           From Public Authorities Side
     •   Emergency Plan not on record-
     •   not known to authorities
     •   No Clarity of Emergency Consequence
     •   No clarity of Role of Administration /
           – Local Authorities
     • No coordination or contingency approach, if an
       emergency occurred
     • No link on the issue between authority and
       industry
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Public
     • Never knew about such an impending
       emergency from a Chemical Plant
     • Never knew consequences
     • Never knew about their role in case of
       such emergency

     • SITUATION WAS A BOLT FROM BLUE
       for all
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
                        Bhopal Disaster December 3, 1984




                                                                             Slide #10
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

         INDUSTRIAL EMERGENCIES-
             DISASTERS-TREND
     • SUDDEN IN NATURE
     • LESS TIME TO THINK AND ACT
     • CONSEQUENCES ARE CATASTROPHIC
     • SEVERE LOSS OF LIFE,
       PROPERTY/ENVIRONMENT
     • RECOVERY IS DIFFICULT
     • PUBLIC CONCERN
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

      Disposition of Entire World-After
              Bhopal Accident
     • Every Country / chemical industry
       questioned about their preparedness

     • Adequacy of existing administrative / legal
       / technical arrangements reviewed

     • Academic Studies carried out
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Since then Number of Emergency
       situations occurred in Indian Industry as
       well as abroad

     • Increased Understanding in Government /
       Industry/ Employees / Academicians /
       General Public
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




               What has happened since
                         then
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Thought Process
     • Understanding Partly Improved

     • Preparedness Thinking has come

     • An Eye is opened

     • Public Disposition Increased
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        FEW CASES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

            CONSTRUCTION SITE EMERGENCY
                  Chimney Collapse
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        PREVENTION
     • PREVENTION BY DESIGN /
     • ENGG CONTROL AND
     • OPERATIONAL PRACTICES

     • WHEN FAIL

     • EMERGENCY MITIGATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                    AVAILABLE OPTIONS
     • MITIGATION
           – MINIMISING LOSS OF LIFE
           – MINIMISING LOSS OF PROPERTY


     • RESTORATION

     • REHABILITATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


                        LEGAL PROVISIONS
    For facing any emergency in most orderly and
    disciplined manner and to create a strongly operating
    mechanism, It is essential to derive a “On–Site
    Emergency Plan” and „Off–Site Emergency Plan” as
    mentioned under various statutes.

     (A) Factories Act, 1948 and State Rules made there
    under:
              Under Section 41- (B) (i) and (iv), Compulsory
               disclosure of information by the Occupier.
              Under Rules under Factories Act, preparation of
             “On – Site Emergency Plan” by the Occupier.

                                                                    Contd…
                                                                       25
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                 hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



      (B) Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous
          Chemicals Rule ( MSIHC ) – 1989.

                Under Rule – 13 ;
                    Preparation of “On – Site Emergency Plan” by
                    the occupier.
                    Details to be furnished as per Schedule – 11.

                Occupier shall ensure that a MOCK DRILL of
                    the “On – Site Emergency Plan” is conducted
                    every SIX MONTHS.



              Contd….
                                                                           26
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



      (C) Chemical Accidents Rule – 1996
             Under Rule – 3, Constitution of Central Crisis
                 Group to review district On–Site Emergency Plans
             Under Rule – 6, Constitution of Central Crisis
                 Group. The APEX body for the state to deal with
                 major Chemical Accidents and provide expertise.
             Under Rule – 8, Constitution of The District and
                 Local crisis group by The State Government . The
                 APEX body in the district to deal with major
                 Chemical Accidents.
                 •      Reviews the “On–Site Emergency Plan"
                 •      Assist in preparation of “Off–Site Emergency Plan"
                 •      One full scale Mock Drill at a site EACH YEAR.
                 •      Educate Community & train them for mitigation.


                                                                                 27
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        WHY

     • For Armed forces, it is said that :
       More you sweat in peace period,
       less you bleed on the battle field.
     • SO
     More you prepare for Emergency,
     Less you lose in actual Emergency.

                                                               28
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        Phases of Emergency
                           Management
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                  4 Phases of Emergency
                       Management
         Emergency Management Plans usually
         cover 4 areas:
     •   Prevention
     •   Preparedness
     •   Response
     •   Recovery
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




              TYPES OF EMERGENCY
                  SITUATIONS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                          EMERGENCY /Disaster
                            Management Plan



            On-site Emergency                Off-site Emergency




               For incident which             For incident which
              could affect people             could affect people
             and the environment             and the environment
             inside the works only           outside the works as
                                                      well
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                    Objectives – Preparedness

      1.To detect early and warn
      2.To prevent escalation.
      3.To minimize the effect on people, property and
        the environment.
      4.Effective rehabilitation of the affected persons
      5.To restore normalcy as quickly as possible.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




             Elements of An Emergency
                       Plan
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        CONSEQUENCES
     • PRIMARY / SECONDARY

           – CASCADING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                  Elements – Emergency Plan

         1.Planning to mitigate before some thing
          occurring-Recognition of Situations
         2.Reliable and early detection of an
          emergency
         3.The command, coordination and
          organization structure along with
          efficient trained personnel.
         4.Resources for handling emergencies.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                  Elements – Emergency Plan

         5. Appropriate emergency response
            actions.
         6. Effective        notification    and
            communication facilities.
         7. Identification of emergency isolation
            valves.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




      7. Proper training of concerned personnel.
      8. Regular mock drill / rehearsal.
      9. Regular review and updation of plan.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        METHODOLOGY


                        ONSITE EMERGENCY
                        MITIGATION PLANNING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • IDENTIFY SITUATIONS

     • ASSESS SITUATIONS FOR
       CONSEQUENCES (PROBABILITY IS NO
       MATTER AT THIS STAGE)

     • ONSITE / OFF SITE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • EMERGENCY ORGANISATION

     • EMERGENCY FACILITIES

     • EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • EMERGENCY ACTIONS (FOR EACH
       SITUATION ANTICIPATED)-By Each
       Designated Person or Authority

     • TRAINING OF PERSONS IN
       RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • TESTING AND MOCK DRILL

     • REVIEW/ COMMUNICATE

     • UPDATE / COMMUNICATE

     • BE EVER READY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                         Responsibility


                        INDUSTRY-FACTORY-
                           ORGANISATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




        Suppositions / Assumptions
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Emergencies reasonably expected in the
       work place.
     • Methods of reporting an emergency.
     • Alarms and communication systems
     • How alarms will be activated.
     • Emergency escape procedures and
       routes.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Procedures assisting the workers and
       visitrors with disabilities.
     • Procedures to account for all employees
       after an evacuation.
     • Procedures for those who remain behind
       to operate critical operations.
     • Names of key personnel.
     • Rescue and medical procedures.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Procedures for special situation, such as
       precautions involved with certain
       chemicals and equipment.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        PLANNING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        WHY PLAN ?
     • INCREASING THINKING ACCURACY

     • MINIMISING REACTION TIME

     • INTENDED REACTION

     • POOLING UP OF RESOURCES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        Emergency Situations
                           Identification

                         ON SITE EMERGENCY
                              PLANNING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                          By
     •   Operations
     •   Equipment
     •   Situations
     •   Past Experience of Org and Others

     • Imagine WHAT CAN GO WRONG?
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




               Consequences Estimation
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Outcome
     • Outcome of chemical accidents can be
       broadly categorized as fire, explosion and
       toxic release/ structural failure/trapped or
       burried under debris

     • COMBINATION OF ABOVE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




           – depends upon characteristics of a chemical
             involved in an accident

           – other critical factors such as integrity of
             equipment, storage/processing
             characteristics, availability of ignition source,
             etc.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




           – Meteorological conditions such as wind
             speed, wind direction, height of inversion
             layer, stability class, etc. affect the dispersion
             pattern of toxic gas cloud and intensity
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                 FIRE CONSEQUENCES
               DAMAGE DUE TO INCIDENT RADIATION INTENSITIES

               Sr.No Incident    Type of Damage Intensity
                     Radiation
                     (kw/ m2)    Damage to Equipment               Damage to People
               1.    37.5        Damage to process equipment      100% lethality in 1 min. 1%
                                                                  lethality in 10 sec.
               2.       25.0     Minimum energy required to 50% Lethality in 1 min
                                 ignite wood at indentifinitely Significant injury in 10 sec.
                                 long exposure without a flame
               3.       19.0     Maximum thermal radiation
                                 intensity allowed on thermally
                                 unprotected            adjoining
                                 equipment
               4.       12.5     Minimum energy to ignite with 1% lethality in 1 min.
                                 a flame; melts plastic tubing
               5.       4.5      -                                Causes pain if duration is longer
                                                                  than 20 sec, however blistering is
                                                                  un-likely (First degree burns)
               6.       1.6      --                               Causes no discomfort on long
                                                                  exposures
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech
                    Effect of Blast Over-Pressure          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
                       Over-Pressure       Observed Effects
                       (psi g)   (bar g)
                       0.04      0.003     Lout noise (143 db), sonic boom, glass failure.
                       0.15      0.010     Typical pressure for glass breakage.
                       0.3       0.021     Safe distance      95% probability of no further
                                           damage beyond this point. Projectile limit; 10% of
                                           window glass broken.
                       0.4       0.028     Limited minor structural damage
                       1         0.069     Partial demolition of houses.
                       2         0.138     Partial collapse of walls and roofs of houses.
                       3         0.207     Frameless, self framing steel panel buildings
                                           destroyed oil tanks ruptured.
                       4         0.276     Cladding of light industrial buildings ruptured.
                       5         0.345     Wooden utility poles snapped
                       7         0.483     Loaded train wagons overturned
                       9         0.620     Loaded train wagons destroyed
                       10        0.689     Total destruction of buildings
                       14.5      1.00      1% Human Fatalities
                       25.5      1.75      90% Human Fatalities
                       29        2.00      90% Human Fatalities
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                TOXIC / POISONOUS GAS
                        LEAKAGE

     •   Ammonia
     •   Chlorine / Hydrogen chloride vapours
     •   Hydrogen Cyanide
     •   Bromine vapours
     •   Acid Fumes
     •   Any Toxic gas from Hazardous Waste
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                 hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        AREA LIKELY TO BE AFFECTED

                        TOXIC RELEASE

                        FIRE / EXPLOSION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



          CHLORINE DISPERSION-DAY-900 KG
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Chlorine-Night-900 kg
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                                       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        2.     EFFECTS OF EXOPOSURE TO CHLORINE AT DIFFERENT
                             CONCENTRATIONS ON HUMANBEINGS

                        S      Effects                                      Conce
                        .                                                   ntrati
                        N                                                   on in
                        o                                                   PPM
                        1      Least amount required to produce slight      1.0
                        .      symptoms after several hours exposure
                        2      Least detectable odour                       3.5
                        .
                        3      Maximum amount that may be inhaled           4.0
                        .      for 1 hour without serious disturbances
                        4      Noxiousness, impossible to breath            5.0
                        .
                        5      Least amount required to cause irritation    15.1
                        .      of throat.
                        6      Least amount required to cause coughing      30.2
                        .
                        7      Amount dangerous in 30 minutes to 1          40 to
                        .      hour                                         60
                        8      Kills most animals in very short time        100
                        .
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Ammonia-50 kg -day
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Ammonia-50 kg-night
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



               LAND USE AROUND SOURCE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        VULNERABLE AREA
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



     EMERGENCY ORGANISATION
     • OVERALL EMERGENCY
       COORDINATOR OR SITE CONTROLLER
     • LOCAL OR INCIDENTCONTROLLER
     • FUNCTIONAL COORDINATORS
           – COMMUNICATION-WARNING
           – EMERGENCY MITIGATION
           – RESCUE
           – REHAB
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




           – FIRE FIGHTING
           – TOXIC RELEASE MITIGATION
           – EVACUATION
           – RESCUE
           – EMERGENCY TRANSPORT
           – EMERGENCY MEDICARE
           – EMERGENCY REHAB MEASURE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




           – PUBLIC RELATIONS
           – POST EMERGENCY REVIEW
           – MUTUAL AID
           – LAW AND ORDER
           – COORDINATION WITH PUBLIC
             AUTHORITIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Shift Organisation
     •   Shift Incharge
     •   QC Chemist-Process Control Chemist
     •   Electrician
     •   Boiler Operator-Helpers
     •   Maintenance Fitter
     •   Helpers
     •   Security Officer/Guards
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

             KEY PERSONNEL
         EMERGENCY COORDINATORS
     •   SITE CONTROLLER
     •   INCIDENT CONTROLLER
     •   HEAD MAINTENANCE
     •   HEAD SHE
     •   HEAD P&A
     •   HEAD QC –R&D
     •   HEAD STORES
     •   HEAD SECURITY
     •   SUPERVISOR -NIGHT
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



              ESSENTIAL EMPLOYEES
     •   TELE OPERATOR
     •   FIRE FIGHTERS
     •   FIRST AIDERS
     •   BLOCK ENGINEERS
     •   ESSENTIAL CHARGEMEN
     •   MECH / ELECT PERSONS PROVIDING
         ESSENTIAL SERVICES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




             EMERGENCY FACILITIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


            Why-Where ECC(ONSITE)



           PUBLIC WARNING



                            ECC
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                  EMERGENCY CONTROL
                       CENTRE
     • GATE ?
     • ALTERNATE ?
     • CRITERIA ?

     • IDENTIFIED AS ECC

     • ACCESSIBILITY

     • FACILITIES AT ECC
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



       Safe Zone                                               ECC
                Contamination Reduction Corridor


                                                               Decontamination

                                                                     Area




              Contamination
                  Area                                             Access
                                                                   Control
                                                                   Points
                                                                  In & Out
                        Hot Zone
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        ASSEMBLY POINTS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • QUALITIES OF ASSEMBLY POINT
     • RESPONSIBILITIES AT ASSEMBLY
       POINT
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                         EMERGENCY
                        COMMUNICATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



       EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION


                        ECC
                                                                AFFECTED
                                                                Location


                                        Communication

                                                                Dist Emer Controller


               Emergench
               MEMBERS


                              VULNERABLE                Other Locations
                                PERSON
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




            Mitigation of Consequences
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • First Aid Fire Fighting Facilities
     • Fixed Fire Protection Installations
     • Emergency Leak Control Kit ( suitable for
       particular chemicals or liquids or material)
     • Emergency First Aid Kit ( suitable for
       general and specific chemicals)
     • Emergency Vessels to Hold Leaking
       Material
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Methods to Manage
     • Trained / skilled / specialist manpower
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                    FIRE EXTINGUISHER
     •   FIRE BUCKETS
     •   FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
     •   READINESS
     •   MAINTENANCE
     •   ACCESSIBILITY
     •   ABILITY TO PROPERLY USE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        SPILL CONTROL KIT
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        LEAK CONTROL KIT
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




        BREATHING & SPECIAL PPE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




            EMERGENCY RESPONSE
                PROCEDURES

                        SPECIFIC EMERGENCIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

           ACTION DURING
       EMERGENCY OCCURRENCE
     • Observer/ Identifier information
     • Declare emergency /Mitigate Cause of
       Emergency
     • Sound the alert
     • Evacuate danger zone
     • Initiate rescue operations
     • Arrange Medical Aid to casualties
     • Call for external aid if required
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                ERT Members Reaction

     •          Reporting to Shift Incharge of the Block
     •          Participating in mitigating emergency
     •          If there was a fire emergency, was it
                controlled effectively and Quickly.
     •          Use of first aid fire extinguishers
     •          Turnout- Use of Fire Hydrant-rolling out hose-
                 connecting nozzle-
                Aiming at seat of fire-effectiveness of fire control
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     •   Use of PPE
     •   During control was a feedback to Shift Incharge
     •   If there was a toxic release, was it effectively controlled-
     •   Use of suitable PPE
     •   Method of approach
     •   Method of Control
     •   During control was a feedback to Shift Incharge
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

       KEEP EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT / FACILITIES
                 IN GOOD ORDER

     • EMERGENCY COMM EQUIPMENT,
       HOOTER, HAND OPERATED

     • FIRE EXT, HYDRANTS,

     • ESCAPE ROUTES

     • LEAK CONTROL KITS, PPE LIKE WISE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



            EMERGENCY MEASURES
     • On listening Emergency Siren, follow min.
       prescribed instructions for SHUTDOWN
       before evacuation depending upon time
       available

     • During Emergency Evacuation follow
       Emergency Exit
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Report at Assembly Point if you are NOT
       member of Emergency Squad

     • Without Endangering yourselves, help
       others
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

       EMERGENCY SHUT DOWN PROCEDURES OF
                        PRODUCTION BLOCK

     • Apply Nitrogen Blanket / RT cooling and
       close manholes of all reactors in the block.

     • Switch of power supply to the block at
       MCB panel.

     • Turn off all the material / Solvent transfer /
       addition lines and isolate them.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Remove all chemicals / materials stored
       and shift them to safer places.
     • Close the divert the drainage passing
       through the block.
     • Turn off steam supply to the block at PRV
       station.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Call off all the workers from the work spot
       and assemble them at assembly point.
     • Check the direction of wind at windsocks
       provided and continue the rescue
       operations.
     • During emergency site controller is
       required to take appropriate decisions.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

            GENERAL SHUT DOWN PROCEDURE OF
                        PRODUCTION BLOCKS

     • Apply Nitrogen Blanket / RT cooling and
       close manholes of all reactors in the block.
     • Switch of power supply to the block at
       MCB panel.
     • Turn off all the material / solvent transfer /
       addition lines and isolate them.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Remove all chemicals / materials stored
       and shift them to safer places.
     • Close and divert the drainage passing
       through the block.
     • Turn off steam supply to the block at PRV
       station.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Call off all the workers from the work spot
       and assemble them at assembly point.

     • Check the direction of wind at windsocks
       provided and continue the rescue
       operations.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        EVACUATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                   EVACUATION PLANS
     • Escape routes must meet the following
       criteria.
     • There are enough exits.
     • Exits are not blocked.
     • Exits are clearly marked. ( Many
       emergency situations involve smoke and
       fire that make it difficult to see.)
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • The routes to the exits must be wide
       enough to accommodate the number of
       occupants normally in the building.
     • Exits lead through a public thoroughfare
       (not to a closed area, like a courtyard)
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Escape routes do not lead through any
       area that may cause more danger to the
       evacuees (such as an area where
       hazardous material are stored.)
     • Secondary routes are available in case the
       primary route is blocked.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        DO NOT
     • GET PANIC AND MAKE OTHER PANIC

     • VIOLATE PRESCRIBED PROCEDURES
       AND INSTRUCTIONS

     • RUN AWAY BUT BE SWIFT
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                 RESCUE OF PERSONS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



               TRAINING FOR RESCUE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                   RESCUE FROM TOP OF
                        BUILDING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                EMERGENCY MEDICAL
                    FACILITIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        FIRST AID BOXES
     • FIRST AID BOXES 13 LOCATIONS
     • ACCESSIBLE
     • MAINTENANCE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        HEALTH CENTRE
     • LOCATION
     • RESPONSIBILITIES
     • FACILITIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



          EMERGENCY TRANSPORT
     • DEDICATED
     • READYNESS-DRIVER –VEHICLES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        MEDICAL AID
     • Facilities

     • Emergency Transport

     • Manpower
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        MUTUAL AID
     IDENTIFICATION
     RESPONSIBILITIES
     RESOURCE SHARING
     SERVICE SHARING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

         ACTIONS AFTER FREEZING
                THE PLAN
     • Arrange and Maintain Emergency
       Facilities

     • Review when ever new facilities come up
       or change in organisational structure or
       change in process or policies (internal and
       external)
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • When ever update, withdraw old copies as
       per standard procedure

     • Training and Retraining of Persons on
       Emergency Actions and Roles
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

         ACTIONS AFTER FREEZING
                THE PLAN
     •   Display of Important Information at
     •   Security /
     •   Time Office such as
     •   Emergency Telephone Numbers /
     •   Contact Persons /
     •   Emergency Facilities-
     •   updating when ever there is a change
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        TRAINING
     • KEY PERSONNEL
     • ESSENTIAL EMPLOYEES
     • EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM
       MEMBERS
     • OBSERVERS AND EVALUATORS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



          TRAINING METHODOLOGY

                           • METHODOLOGY
                             OF TRAINING
                             NEIGHBOURHOOD
                             COMMUNITY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




         CONDUCTING AND REVIEW
             OF MOCK DRILL
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • TABLE TOP EXERCISE

     • FIELD EXERCISE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • FUNCTIONAL EXERCISE

     • TOTAL EXERCISE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                 TABLE TOP EXERCISE
     • BY PLAYERS AT TABLE

           – TO TEST PROCEDURAL SKILLS
           – TO TEST DECISION MAKNG
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



              FUNCTIONAL EXERCISE

     • EACH FUNCTION CAN BE TESTED
       TABLE TOP OR AT FIELD TESTED
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        HOW

     • DEVELOPING PROPER SCENARIOS

     • PROPER SIMULATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

    Plan Testing (Exercise)

    1 - Creating a multi-year program incl. one full-blown



          2 - Annual exercise planning



          3 - Holding the exercise



          4 - Evaluating the outcomes



          5 - Reporting
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Systematic- stage wise-function wise-
       emergency wise
     • Fully Informed to
     • Totally not Informed
     • Familiarising emergencies,
       communications, action of each group,
       properness
     • Facility availability, readiness
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     •   Win confidence
     •   Slow and steadiness
     •   Very careful planning
     •   No misgivings
     •   As much and relevant information
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Review of mock drills
     • Observers at each level and each function

     • Checklist covering role and responsibility
       and achievement

     • Training to review
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

              Mock fire fighting
            exercise at **** plant
     • Emergency was declared following a
       "leak in bullet No 3", one of the
       liquefied petroleum gas tanks at the
       bottling plant of ******** here.
       Immediately employees ran out from
       the "danger zone."
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Water sprinklers around the three
       "bullets" storing liquefied petroleum
       gas were switched on. The fire
       fighting team of the company swung
       into action:
     • All these happened at the mock fire
       fighting exercise
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • It was to show the preparedness of
       the company's employees to deal
       with gas leaks at the plant.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

       Mock drill keeps pipeline
             patrol alert
     • VISAKHAPATNAM, MARCH 9. The
       presence of several fire tenders,
       gushing foam, a posse of officials
       with helmets and policemen in their
       uniform at a barren agriculture field
       near Sabbavaram gave an
       impression to the passers-by that an
       accident had occurred close by.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • With tense-looking officials shouting out
       instructions, several passers-by were
       attracted to the spot, which was beehive
       of activity.
     • After half-an-hour or so, the leader of the
       team, declared: "The operation is
       successful and there is no cause of
       worry.''
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • The `operation' was a mock drill on
       the off-site emergency plan of
       Hindustan Petroleum Corporation
       Limited (HPCL)'s Visakha-
       Vijayawada-Secunderabad Pipeline
       (VVSPL)
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
                   EVALUATION MATRIX
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                TASTE OF PUDDING IS IN
                       EATING
     •   YEAR 1982
     •   CASE OF CANTEEN FOOD POISONING
     •   FIRST CALL
     •   ACTION
     •   MEDICAL HELP
     •   CLOSING OF OPERATION
     •   WHAT WE LEARN
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • FOOD POISONING IN ONE SHIFT-200
       PERSONS AFFECTED

     • EMERGENCY RESPONSE ACTION
       INITIATED

     • NEXT DAY ALL AFFECTED ATTENDED
       USUAL SHIFT DUTY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




         GOVT OF AP / NSC Brought out
                 a Guidance on
         DISASTER MANAGEMENT (100
          pages booklet with cartoons)-is
                  listed by ILO
                        IN 1983 an year before
                            Bhopal Tragedy
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




           HOW IT WAS ACHIEVED??
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                OFFSITE EMERGENCY
                MITIGATION PLANNING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                OFF-SITE EMERGENCY
     • where the impact affects the neighborhood, and
       has consequences affecting life, life-support
       systems, property or the social fabric.
     • The loss and damage caused by such incidents
       depends to a large extent on the actions of the
       first responders to the emergency, and hence
       their preparedness to act.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                                   BASICALLY

                                                  Offsite


                                 Failure to Control
                        Onsite
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        EXAMPLES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • RAILWAY TANKES CARRYING
       FLAMMABLE / TOXIC / OTHER
       HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

     • ROAD TANKERS CARRYING
       HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                        TRANSPORTATION
                          EMERGENCY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        In Public Life
     • Kumbakonam School Fire

     • Hospital Fires

     • Meerut Mall Fire

     • IT Office Fire
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                CHLORINE LEAK FROM
                   SCRAP YARD
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        HOSPITAL FIRE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




              AIR CONDITIONED MALL
                      FIRE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



      WAREHOUSE-NOT FACTORY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • COMPLEX
           – AREA OF OPERATION
           – EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
           – COORDINATION AMONG INDUSTRY,
             GOVERNMENT, COMMUNITY, NGOs,
           – DIFFICULTIES OF ORGANISING


     • RESOURCES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • MASSIVE NATURE OF OPERATIONS

     • PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech           hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


                        POTENTIAL SOURCES

  • Fixed Facility

  • Highway

  • Rail
                             • Plane

                             • Boat or Barge
                                                Unit 2 - 61




                             • Pipeline
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



               OFFSITE Emergency Management
           •    Planning
                 – Hazards Surveys and Hazards Assessments; Emergency Response
                   Organization; Offsite Response Interfaces; Program Plans and Procedures
           •    Emergency Preparedness
                 – Training, Drills, and Exercises; Emergency Facilities and Equipment;
                   Emergency Public Information
           •    Emergency Response
                 – Responder Decision-Making – to include situation size up, categorization,
                   classification, notifications, communications, protective action formulation,
                   reentry, consequence assessment, release of public information,
                   termination
           •    Readiness Assurance
                 – Assessments and Performance Monitoring; Contractor Self-Assessments;
                   Corrective Action Management; Exercise Planning, Conduct, and
                   Evaluation
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




          Off-site Emergency Planning for
               MAH Industries in India
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Earlier Project
     • is sponsored by
     • Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF),
       Government of India, which is nodal ministry
     • dealing with chemical disasters in India. It is
       executed by National Informatics Center (NIC),
     • Ministry of Communication and Information
       Technology, Government of India
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

                        MAJOR PROJECT
                         COMPONENTS
     • Identification of Chemical Industries in the study
       area covering major states of India.
     • Database Design.
     • Collection of data pertaining to chemical storage
       and handling from identified industries.
     • Collection of resource data in terms of fire fighting
       equipment and stocks, Personal Protective Equipment
       (PPE), transportation facilities, etc. from industries
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Collection of data on resources available with
       government authorities such as police, fire and
       medical departments
     • Collection of spatial data with the help of GPS
       handsets for chemical industries, first
       responders – police, fire and medical and
       sensitive areas such schools, cinemas, malls,
       hospitals, office complexes etc.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Identification and procurement of topo-
       sheets for the study area
       Geo-referencing and Digitization of topo
       sheets
       Chemical accident simulation using
       computer models for all the identified
       chemical accident scenarios.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • scenario templates, industry data,
       resource data and response information
       data sheets for each chemical.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     •   In India the major clusters of Industries are in
     •   Gujarat,
     •   Maharashtra,
     •   Andhra Pradesh
     •   Tamil Nadu States
     •   Rajasthan,
     •   Uttar Pradesh,
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     •   Haryana,
     •   Punjab,
     •   Madhya Pradesh,
     •   Assam,
     •   West Bengal,
     •   Kerala,
     •   Karnatka
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
   SCOPE TO BE CLEAR




                        Cluster Plan


                              Onsite Eme
                              Plan




                        Offsite Emergency Plan
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        PARTIES TO OFFSEM
                                     Dist Admn
                                     Govt. Dept
                  industry

                                                       Community
                                  Off Em Co

                    Specialists

                                     NGO
                                     /Voluntary
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



     Identification of Chemical Industries
     • As per the Manufacture Storage and Import of
       Hazardous Chemicals (MSIHC) Rules and as amended
     • Major Accident Hazards (MAH) installations, means -
        – isolated storage
        – industrial activity at a site handling
        – including transport through carrier or pipeline
                • hazardous chemicals equal to or, in excess of the threshold
                  quantities
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



           EMERGENCY SCENARIOS
     • IN EACH AREA

     • ESTABLISHING EMERGENCY SCENARIOS

     • FACILITIES WITH ORGANISATION AND IN
       THE NEIGHBOURHOOD

     • EXPECTED FACILITIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        CONSEQUENCES
     • PRIMARY / SECONDARY

           – CASCADING

           – DOMINO
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Database Design
     • Information on MAH units
     • Resources Available with MAH units for
       emergency management
     • Data on Response Agencies
     • Resources Available in District/Clusters
     • Sensitive Areas-schools, colleges,
       cinemas,public places-religious
       congregations-market places
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Handling of hazardous chemicals,

     • Their storage and processing conditions,
       quantities, safety measures, etc to be collected.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


          HOW TO CREATE A STRONG OPERATING BASE


         By proper planning on various aspects such as…
                    A. Information Plan
                    B. Communication plan.
                    C. Fire Services plan.
                    D. Medical Services plan.
                    E. Safety plan.
                    F. Security plan.


                                                                            203
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech               hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                    G. Evacuation & Rehabilitation plan.
                    H. Mutual Aid plan.
                    I. Awareness and Mock drill plan.
                    J. Documentation plan.
                    K. Defining key personnel and fixing
                       responsibility / authority.



                                                                        204
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


                          A. Information Plan
     Disaster Control Centre shall have following information:
           1.    Geographical boundaries ( District / Taluka map )

           2.    Details of villages / towns and their population.

           3.    Details of industrial units.

           4.    Details of likely Risks
                         Chemicals / Hazards of industrial units.
                         Natural calamities like Floods, Cyclones etc.

           5.    Details of hospitals / health centres and schools.

           6.    Details of available resources for mitigations.
                         Available with local / near by Fire Brigades.
                         Spare able by participating members.
                                                                               205
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



           7.     Details of natural water bodies.( rivers / talabs)

           8.     Details of network of HT / LT power lines and Sub-stns.

           9.     Details of roads and approaches.

           10.    Details of railways / level crossings.

           11.    Contact details of industrial units.

           12.    Contact details of mitigating agencies.

           13.    Contact details of Govt. bodies ( DM, Police, DISH etc. ).

           14.    Contact details of GEB Sub Stns.

           15.    Contact details of Railway / Highway / Air port authorities.

           16.    Contact details of Sarpanches / Talatis / NGOs


                                                                               206
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                  hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


                        B. COMMUNICATION PLAN

         Proper communication system needs to
         be established consisting of…..
                  1.    Intercom Telephone.
                  2.    Land Line Telephone.
                  3.    Loudophone.
                  4.    Mobile Phone.
                  5.    Hot line.
                  6.    Automatic siren system.
                  7.    Manual Fire Alarm System

                                                                           207
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


            9. Wireless communication.
           10. Mass communication through siren.
           11. Intercom Telephone
                   Fire station.
                   Medical Center.
                   Security Control Room.
                   Fire Water Pump House.
                   Telephone Exchange.
                   Operations / Central Control Room.
           12. Satellite Links.
           13 Messengers.
           14. Walki Talkie Sets.
           15. Public address system, portable/fitted on vehicle.




                                                                         208
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


        C. FIRE SERVICES PLAN
        Fire Service system must be equipped with…

                1.      Water supply and storage.

                2.      Fire Water storage.

                3.      Fire Water Pump / Emergency diesel pump.

                4.      Fire Water net work consisting of fire hydrants
                        fixed monitors, Wet resister, hose reels

                5.      Fixed water / supply / curtain system and fixed
                        foam system.


                                                                         Contd…
                                                                                  209
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


           6.     Fire extinguishers (Portable).
                           Foam Fire extinguisher.
                           Carbon Dioxide fire extinguisher.
                           Dry Chemical Powder fire extinguisher.
                            (Sodium / Potassium bicarbonate)
                           Halon fire extinguisher.

           7.      Water tenders and mobile vans.
          8.       Round the clock man power
          9.       Fire alarms / smoke detectors.
          10.      Gate lock cutter / tools available.
          11.      Wireless communication for fire crews.
          12.      Availability of PPE’s


                                                                                210
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                 hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


        D. MEDICAL SERVICES PLAN
        Round the clock Medical Centre headed by
        qualified Doctor and other paramedical staff is
        the basic requirement for industries. Having
        following facilities.
             1.    First – Aid facility at important locations.
             2.    Round the clock Ambulance with stretchers.
             3.    Important Antidotes and life saving medicines.
             4.    Treatment of causalities.
             5.    Oxygen cylinders.
             6.    Emergency showers.

                                                                          211
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



        E. SAFETY PLAN
        Professional Safety Personnel must be
        available at site with suitable experience and
        equipped with followings:
            1.Emergency safety equipments available at
        various locations. Respiratory & Non-respiratory.
           2.        Wind direction indicator.
           3.        Safety shower & eye wash units.
           4.        Insurance of PPE to individuals.
           5.        Emergency lamps.
           6.        Assembly point.
           7.        Gas monitoring instruments.


                                                                     212
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962


     F. SECURITY PLAN

           1.  Immediate arrangement for controlling situation.
           2.  Bringing additional man power for help.
           3.  Automatic opening and closing of gate.
           4.  Guiding the out side and inside vehicles.
           5.  Cordoning the area, controlling the crowd and
               diverting the traffic.
           6. Recovering of incoming and out going
                vehicles / persons.
           7. Security team equipped with proper portable
               communication facility.


                                                                      213
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




        G EVACUATION & REHABILITATION PLAN

        1.     Provision of separate evacuation alarm.
        2.     Assembly point situated at a safe place away
               from areas of risk.
        3.     No. of assembly points judging wind direction.
        4.     Availability of nominated persons at each
               assembly points.
        5.     Communication link of this assembly points
               with main controller.



                                                                       214
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



        6.     Arrangements of escape mask for the persons
               to escape from the effected area.
        7.  Vehicle equipped with Public Address (PA)
            systems for use in surrounding areas likely to
            be affected.
        8. Thorough inspection facility of the area before
            it “All Clear”.
        9. Re – entering arrangements with great care to
            be positively ascertained.
        10. Welfare assistance to casualities.
        11. Provision of sufficient number of vehicles for
            evacuation.

                                                                      215
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

     I. AWARENESS AND MOCK DRILL


        Induction training followed by refresher courses
         and frequent Table Top exercises.
        Community awareness & its preparedness.
        Training on Emergency Mitigation.
        Ready availability of tools such as fire fighting
         devices, rescue and safety equipments.
        Guideline on Do’s and Don'ts.
        Mock drills on specific potential disaster scenario.
        Compliance of Action Points of Mock Drills



                                                                     216
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



         J. DOCUMENTATION PLAN

        • Preparation of Plant Safety Manual & Fire
          Prevention / Control Manual.
        • MSDS or CIS (Chem Info Sheets) or HMIS
        • HAZCHEM codes / NFPA signals.
        • Availability of meteorological data on
          atmospheric stability class, wind velocity
          orientation and cloud condition data.
        • Transport Emergency Card (TREM cards).
        • Community awareness in local language.

                                                                 217
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

     K. DEFINATION OF KEY PERSONNEL
         AND FIXING RESPONSIBILIES

        The key personnel definition and their
        responsibility can be fixed depending on the
        size of the industry, location of plants, the
        hazards associated, community density and
        the infrastructure available in the vicinity.

        Senior most Plant person or Govt officer will
        take charge as INCIDENT CONTROLLER.

                                                                  218
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

         L. INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE ROLE
                        PLAN

     • The INCIDENT CONTROLLER to take charge
       of the situation and mobilize the internal and
       external resources.
     • Various indentified groups for working
       collectively at the spot of incident with fullest
       co-ordination.




                                                                  219
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

         Resource Data from Government
                   Authorities
     • For any chemical accident, industry,
       police, fire and medical services at local
       level are considered to be first responders.
     • It is important to collect data in terms of
       their location and resources available with
       them for emergency planning.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Based on the location of MAH industries,
       police stations, fire stations, government
       and private hospitals in the vicinity were
       identified and data is to be collected
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Such data include the number and type of
       fire tenders, PPEs, etc. with fire services
       and facilities available at hospitals for
       treatment of burn patients and chemical
       poisoning patients,
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                RISK COMMUNICATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech             hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
                        Risk Communication media


     •Word of Mouth
     •Informing community leaders who in turn
     disseminate the information to their constituents
     •Involvement at community meetings
     •Interaction with forum and advocacy group
     •Field trips
     •Display Boards
     •Print media
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                         EMERGENCY
                        COMMUNICATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



          EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION

     • HOW

     • WHO

     • WHAT INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED

     • HOW TO MAKE PEOPLE UNDERSTAND
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech            hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



       EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION


                REHABILITATION
                   CENTRES                                    AFFECTED
                                                              Location


                                         Communication

                                                              Dist Emer Controller




             MUTUAL AID


                                                         EMERGENCY
                                 PUBLIC                   SERVICES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



        AVOIDING RUMER SPREADING

     • PANIC SITUATIONS

     • ROLE OF MEDIA
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech         hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        INFRASTRUCTURE
                          MOBILISATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • NOT IN POOLED CONDITION

     • BUT ESSENTIAL TO BE READY AT
       SHORTEST NOTICE

     • HOW TO ORGANISE AND MANAGE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • EXPERIENCES OF PUBLIC UTILITY
       SERVICES
           – POLICE / ARMY
           – MEDICAL SUPPORT
           – RAILWAYS
           – OTHER UTILITY SERVICE DEPARTMENTS


     • MUTUAL AID INDUSTRIES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




             COORDINATED ACTIONS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • DIFFICULTIES IN COORDINATION OF
       ACTION
     • TREMONDOUS INVOLVEMENT
     • MUSTERING SUPPORT OF ALL
       CONCERNED
     • TECHNICAL EXPERTISE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • GROUP ACTION TRAINING

     • ROLE CLARITY

     • AUTHORITY

     • NOT EASY TO ACHIEVE BUT
       ESSENTIAL
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                   DEMONSTRATION TO
                      COMMUNITY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        MOCK DRILLS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • PLANNING ISSUES

     • EXECUTION ISSUES

     • EVALUATION ISSUES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • MASSIVE OPERATIONS

     • COMPLICATIONS

     • SENSITIZING vs OVER SENSITIZING
       OR NOT SENSITIZING
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                    Mock Drills Carried out
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



              Experiences of Mock Drills

     • Manali-in Presence of ILO experts
     • Collector could not be contacted-away
     • Buses reached even before emergency
       siren
     • Hazardous event well managed
     • Communication properly sent
     • Medical aid rendered properly
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                 Mock Drill-Visakapatnam
     • FACTORIES DEPARTMENT
       COORDINATED
     • NEERI PREPARED SCENARIOS
     • DISTRICT ADMN ACTIVELY
       PARTICIPATED
     • SCENARIO WAS – LPG TAKER TURNED
       TURTLE NEAR HPCL REFINERY-
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • POLICE GIVEN FIRST INFORMATION
     • HAZARD ASSESSMENT IS DONE
     • NEEDED RESPONSE IS ESTIMATED
     • POLICE TRIED TO COMMUNICATE TO
       EM CONTROL CENTRE
     • DECLARATION OF EMERGENCY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • COMMUNICATION AND WARNING
       ISSUED
     • EVACUATION-GO IN AND CLOSE
       DOOR - ORDERED
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Emergency information could not be
       communicated as the wireless set did not
       function
     • Warning is not heard at the food of hill
     • Rescue Buses got held in traffic jam
     • Mutual Aid industries did not respond
       properly
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Specialist Services from Navy Could not
       be secured as no one requested them nor
       no one coordinated with them nor
       Communicated to them
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

           PATALAGANGA COMPLEX
                (RELIANCE)
     • SCENARIOS CONSIDERED- FIRE
       EXPLOSION TOXIC RELEASE, FLOOD
       (PATALAGANGA RIVER)- HEAVY RAIN
       FALL
     • MAJOR EMERENCY PROCEDURES
       FOR PATALAGANGA SITE prepared
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Initial emergency actions
     • Control and coordination by Site Shift
       Manager
     • Key Personnel reaction
     • Rescue
     • Medical Services
     • Transport.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                  hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                                  Issues

                        Identified In India after lot of
                                    debate
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        Onsite Emergency
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        WHO SHOULD HAVE
     • BY INVENTORY OF CHEMICAL ?

     • BY EMPLOYMENT ?

     • BY SIZE ?

     • BY EVERY ORGANISATION ?
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        Issues
     • Limited to Industry concerned
     • Most likely to spread to neighbourbood
     • Under the control of Management through
       a designated On Site Controller
     • Limited Technical Infrastructure/ Trained
       Manpower
     • Not updated as per change management
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Link between On site –Off site not
       understood and not maintained

     • Mock drills not conducted / not evaluated
       properly / Not given significance
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        COMMON PIT FALLS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     •       CHANGE OF PERSONS ASSOCIATED
     •       NON FAMILIARITY
     •       CHANGES NOT INCORPORATED IN
             PLAN
     •       FACILITIES NOT READY
     •       NOT PRACTICED
     •       EMPLOYEES NOT CONVERSANT
             WITH ROLE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • TRAINING NOT ADEQUATE
     • EMERGENCY RESPONSE NOT
       ADEQUATE
     • OVER CONFIDENCE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                OFF SITE EMERGENCY
                     MITIGATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Need for appointment of a full time
       Emergency Coordinator under the District
       Collector     who      has   the statutory
       responsibility of functioning as District
       Emergency Authority but is too occupied in
       its multifarious activities.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Availability of shelter places such as
       school building and community centres
       identified and publicised in advance for
       use by those whose dwellings (hutments)
       do not have proper doors and windows.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     •
     • Emergency broadcasting channel each on
       the Radio and TV earmarked and notified
       in advance
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Substantially upgrading the capabilities in
       HAZMAT response of Fire Brigades,
       Medical Services and Police in different
       high risk industrial areas identified by the
       MOEF across the country.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Emergency Response in Transportation of
       Hazardous Chemicals (by road, rail and
       other means) had received poor attention
       and had special problems of its own.

     • Technical        Infrastructure         Pooling            Not
       effective
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Off-site Emergency Plans had not been
       prepared and tested in most of the
       industrial areas barring very few districts

     • It was realised that 3-4 annual exercises
       were required in a particular area to reach
       the reasonable level of preparedness
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Question of coordination and control
       between the industrial and public service
       departments together involved in
       responding to chemical disaster.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




          COMMUNITY AWARENESS
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech          hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Integration of Onsite Emergency Plans of the
       cluster / district / town/city are not properly
       integrated- effort was not satisfactory and
     • Off site emergency Plans were physically
       stitching all onsite emergency plans together
       and not organised
     • District Administration not adequately briefed
       about the role
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Only manufacturing industries related
       Emergencies were identified but
     • TRANSPORT RELATED ( RAIL AND
       ROAD) WERE NOT CONSIDERED.

     • updating the plans are not effective
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech      hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • Specific Emergency Responses are not
       clear
     • Population is not adequately briefed due to
       mutual mistrust.
     • RED Book (Disaster Response) not
       revised
     • Multiple agencies administering the issue
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        GAPS
     • CONSTRUCTION SITES

     • LABORATORIES

     • PUBLIC PLACES

     • WAREHOUSES
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                    WORLD BANK/MOEF
                    FEASIBILITY STUDY
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • A suitable infrastructure involving selected
       existing institutions coordinated by a
       national level apex autonomous body is
       required to be created for providing
       training, research and information on
       chemical disaster management.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • This body should be responsible for
       designing, developing and approving
       circulate of training courses required for
       different target groups from emergency
       planners, disaster managers and
       emergency response services (fire
       brigades, medical service and police).
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech       hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • A package of core training courses on
       disaster management is required to be
       developed and offered by the training
       institutes located in different geographical
       regions across the country.
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                  OTHER SIDE OF COIN
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech    hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                 FAILURE TO SUCCESS
     • OLEUM LEAK IN NEW DELHI- COULD NOT BE
       CONTROLLED-BECAME AN OFFISTE ISSUE

     • PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION BY MR
       MEHATA

     • TODAY IT IS DEMONSTRATED NUMBER OF
       TIMES, THE RESPONSE TIME IS LESS THAN
       5 MINUTES AND SITUATION IS ONLY ONSITE
       AND NOT OFFSITE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech        hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962



                        COORDINATION
     •   Factories Department
     •   District Collector as DEA
     •   EMERGENCY SERVICES
     •   MOEF
     •   DMI
     •   NDMA
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech              hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




          WHAT SHOULD BE STARTING
                   POINT ?
          For DISASTER MANAGEMNT

                        PREVENTION - MITIGATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech     hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




     • WE HAVE SPENT MORE THAN 25
       YEARS AFTER DISASTER
       EXPERIENCE

     • HAVE WE PROGRESSED TOWARDS
       EFFECTIVE
           – PREVENTION
           – MITIGATION
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                 hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




                        To Be Synergetic

                 Coordination, Cooperation and Effectiveness
                                     To
                                 MITIGATE
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




         ANY POINTS FOR DEBATE?
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech                hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962




               THANK YOU FOR YOUR
                      TIME

                    I acknowledge with thanks, various
                  reference material I have used for this
                              Presentation
TEC Vidyasagar M.Tech   hyd1_vidya@sancharnet.in mob 0 98492 31962

								
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