The Roman Provinces
Patricia Hardesty, Liaison Librarian, email@example.com
For help in finding good databases for your course research, use the History Subject Guide. There is a special guide
for Ancient & Medieval History at http://www.lib.jmu.edu/history/ancient_and_medieval.aspx
Background and Overview
See ―Background Information‖ in the History Subject Guide for Ancient & Medieval History on the library web.
Especially useful are the Cambridge Histories Online and Oxford Reference Online.
A sample of print sources in Carrier Library:
Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World: Antiquity.
(Ref. DE 5 .N4813 2002)
A work in progress, this is the English translation of an authoritative German work, covering the period from the 2
millennium BC to the formation of early modern Europe (AD 600 to 800). To date, 14 volumes have been
published, covering alphabetical entries for A-Tub. Scholarly bibliographies.
Cambridge Ancient History, 2 ed. (14 vols in 19, plus 4 vols. of plates)
( D 57 .C25 1970 and online in Cambridge Histories Online)
Lengthy signed articles and rich bibliographies. Keep in mind that some volumes were published over 20 years
ago; if so, you will want to update the bibliography by using l’Année Philologique or another reference source.
The Oxford Classical Dictionary.
(Ref DE 5 .O9 2003)
While Greece and Rome hold a central place, this dictionary is a concise, interdisciplinary, and scholarly guide to all
aspects of the ancient world. Short bibliographies end each article.
Guides and Handbooks
Dictionary of Bibliographic Abbreviations Found in the Scholarship of Classical Studies and Related
(Ref. PA 99 .W44 2003)
Classicists love abbreviations. Usually, there is a list of abbreviations used within a specific source; however, if you
can’t find such a list, there is an entire book to help you.
Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World.
(Ref G 1033 .B3 2000 with 2 supplements)
A scholarly and beautifully produced atlas. The supplements provide a map-by-map directory with and introduction
to each map, key information on each place name, including the period it is associated with, its modern name, and
bibliography for each place.
Research Databases and Resources
Look for these images in the databases and in LEO:
Link to online full-text. No online full-text?
Library will scan articles from bound and microform journals (owned by JMU or
other libraries) and email them to you in 24-48 hours.
When these icons do not appear, check what JMU owns by using Periodical Locator (for journals) or LEO (for
Unless stated otherwise, the following resources are online library subscription databases.
l’Année Philologique. Online, 1949(?) to present. (Microfiche, 1924-1973; Bound, 1983-1998, Ref
A comprehensive index with abstracts to scholarly work (books and articles) covering all aspects of Greco-Roman
antiquity from the 2 millennium B.C. through the early middle ages (ca. 500-800 A.D.). Covers Greek and Latin
language and linguistics, Greek and Roman history, literature, philosophy, art, archaeology, religion, mythology,
music, science, early Christian texts, numismatics, papyrology. There is an online guide at
Full text and images for back issues of selected scholarly journals in many fields, including history, classics, and
archaeology. Retrospective coverage varies for each title, but generally begins with the first issue published.
Searching may be limited to reviews. To find more current articles (2 to 5 years from the present), use WilsonWeb
Wilson Web OmniFile.
Multidisciplinary database with indexing, abstracts, and/or full text. Some full-text articles beginning in 1982. Within
WilsonWeb, open the Database Selection Area add another database to your search: Humanities and Social
Sciences Retrospective. This index covers journal articles back to 1907.
Use LEO to search for books and media in the JMU libraries. The Advanced Word Search will allow you to limit your
search to, for example, reference books or media. Use WorldCat (online in Research Databases & Resources) to
extend your search beyond JMU, to find books, media, and other sources that you may borrow on ILL.
When you do a keyword search in a library catalog, always look at the subject phrases that are used to describe the
books that look most useful for your research. Use these headings to do additional searches.
The following subject headings are examples useful in searching LEO, or any catalog that uses Library of Congress
Rome – Antiquities Cities and towns, Ancient
Rome – Civilization Excavations (Archaeology) – Place
Rome – Provinces--Administration Gaul – History -- 58 B.C.-511 A.D.
Governors—Rome--Provinces Roman law
Interlibrary Loan (ILL)
If JMU does not own the items you need, ILL will borrow or obtain copies of them. Allow 7 to 10 days to receive a
item on loan, and 2-3 weeks for loans, although service is often much quicker. There is no charge for this service.
L’Année Philologique - Fundamentals
This is the most comprehensive index to scholarly work (books and articles) covering all aspects of Greco-Roman
antiquity from the 2 millenium B.C. through the early middle ages (ca. 500-800 A.D.). Subject coverage includes:
Greek and Latin language and linguistics, Greek and Roman history, literature, philosophy, art, archaeology, religion,
mythology, music, science, early Christian texts, numismatics, papyrology. The online database includes indexing
from 1949 to present.
The Search Criteria are across the top of the search page:
1. Keyword Search.
In this database, the Full text search is really a keyword search. You are not searching the full text of articles,
but on the words in the citations and short abstracts. A Full text search will look for your search terms in the
following fields: modern author, title, summary, and keywords. This search excludes the ancient author names
(unless they appear in the title or abstract).
Click on Full text, and try a search for your topic. You may enter several words, but the search engine does not
recognize phrases. Use the asterisk* to allow for variant endings of a word. For example, religion egypt* will
retrieve items that contain the words, Egypt, Egyptian, Egyptians, etc.
You will get a link to a set of results, preceded by a . Click on the link to look at your results. You’ll see a
list of brief citations. Choose one and click on the open book icon to see the full citation (which may not contain
any additional information). Scroll over the journal abbreviation (if present) to see the full name of the journal.
The links, Check For Full-Text @ JMU sometimes work, but not always.
Do not click on New search, or you will wipe out your earlier searches!
2. Add other criteria.
Click on Other criteria. Note the possible choices here, and choose Language. Now, click on English (unless
you want to read in additional languages).
This search will retrieve every item in the database that is in English, so it will be a very large results set.
3. Combine your search results.
Click on Combine. To combine the two searches, type Q1 and Q2, then click Search. The resulting set will
be—or should be—works in English. This does not work perfectly, but it helps. You may continue to add
searches to your history, and combine them in any combination (unless you click on New search).
4. Export the useful results.
As you go through the results, check the box for the results that appear appropriate to your topic. Now, click on
Export. Click on the tab, Means of retrieving exports, and choose a method. Now click back on the Entries
to Export tab, and choose what you want to send.
There is fuller guide to using this database online, linked from the Research Databases and Resources entry for the
Patricia Hardesty, Sept 2009