Fall WLJ qxd by alicejenny


									Vol. 87 No. 3                                                             FALL 2002

                                         Women &
                                         • Afghanistan
                                         • International
                                            Criminal Court
                                         • South Africa

                                           cover photos courtesy Kristi Laughlin

                also . . . Outstanding Women Law Students
                              — Save the Date —
        National Association of
          Women Lawyers®
             Invites you to attend the
              2003 Midyear Luncheon

                  Judy Clarke
        “The Bill of Rights: Post 9/11”
              Friday, February 7, 2003
                  12:30-2:00 p.m.
                Seattle, Washington
            (Location to be announced)

      I   n her almost 25 years of practice, most of which has been in federal
          court, she has represented clients accused of a wide range of federal
          criminal offenses, at both trial and on appeal. Currently the Capita
      Resource Counsel for all federal defenders, she has also served as
      Executive Director of Federal Defenders of Eastern Washington and Idaho.

      Ms. Clarke has represented a number of clients accused of capita o l ffens-
      es. She served as appointed co-counsel for Susan Smith in Union, South
      Carolina, and for Theodore Kaczynski, charged as the Unabomber in fed-
      eral court in Sacramento, California. At this time, Ms. Clarke is represent-
      ing Zacarias Moussaoui, who has been charged with alleged involvement in
      the September 11th terrorist attacks.

      Ms. Clarke is a Past President of the National Association of Criminal
      Defense Lawyers. She is also a fellow in the American College of Tr ail
      Lawyers, and was selected by the National Law Journal in 1998 as one of
      the top 50 women lawyers in the United States and in 2001 as one of the
      top women litigators in the U.S.

                          For more information contact NAW L
                            (312) 988-6186   nawl@nawl.org

                                                                                               N AW L Executive Board
                                       n hs su f
                                      I ti iseo                                                President
              W omen Lawyers Journal                                                           ELIZABETH K. BRANSDORFER
                                                                                               Grand Rapids, MI
  Published by the National Association of Women Lawyers / Vol. 87 No. 3
                                                                                               ELLEN A. PANSKY
                                                                                    Page       South Pasadena, CA
 Focus on Outs                          :
               tanding Women Law Students
     Meet Judge Kathleen Feeney                                                      4         Vice President
     by Elizabeth K. Bransdorfer                                                               ZOE SANDERS NETTLES
                                                                                               Columbia, SC
 Afghan Women:
    A Time of Great Hope and Uncerta n y
                                    it                                               8         Treasurer
    by Eva Herzer                                                                              N A N C Y J. NICOL
                                                                                               Chicago, IL
     Live from Afghanistan                                                          11         Treasurer-Elect
     b Eva Herzer
      y                                                                                        MARGARET FOSTER
                                                                                               Chicago, IL
 Balancing A t Allowing Others To Help Us                                           14
     by Susan Ann Koenig                                                                       Recording Secretary
                                                                                               LORRAINE K. KOC
 W omen and Law in India                                                            19         Philadelphia, PA
     by Versha Sharma
                                                                                               Corresponding Secretary
 International Criminal Court Comes Into Eff c                                      21         C A RYN GOLDENBERG CARV O
     by Eva Herzer                                                                             Ft. Lauderdale, FL
 A South A r c n Adventure
          fia                                                                       24         Members-at-Large
     by Susan Ann Koenig                                                                       LESLIE AUERBACH LEWIS
                                                                                               W inter Park, FL
                                                                                               NANCY PETERSON
                                                                                               Philadelphia, PA
About NAW L
                                                                                               R E B E C C A A. SPEER
Founded in 1899, NAW L is a professional association of attorneys, judges, law students
                                                                                               San Francisco, CA
and nonlawyers serving the educational, legal and practical interests of the organized bar
and women worldwide. Women Lawyers Journalfi, National Association of Women                     A B A Delegate
Lawyersfi, NAWLfi, and the NAW L seal are registered trademarks. '2002 National                  MARGARET DREW
Association of Women Lawyers. A l r g ts reserved.
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How to contact NAW L                                                                           Immediate Past President
                                                                                               GAIL SASNETT
By mail: 750 N. Lake Shore Drive 12.4, Chicago, IL 60611-4497; by telephone: (312) 988-
                                                                                               Gainesville, FL
6186; by fax: (312) 988-6281; by e-mail: nawl@nawl.org.
                                                                                               Past President
About Women Lawyers Journal
                                                                                               K ATHERINE J. HENRY
EDITORIAL POLICY Women Lawyers Journal is published for NAW L members as a                     W ashington, D.C.
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of an opinion is not an endorsement by NAWL. We reserve the right to edit all submis-          Editor
sions.                                                                                         GAIL SASNETT
                                                                                               Gainesville, FL
A RTICLES Book reviews or articles about current legal issues of general interest to
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                                                                                    WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 3
                     Focus on Outstanding
           focus     Women Law Students:
                     Meet Judge Feeney
                     by Elizabeth K. Bransdorfer

                      Judge Kathleen Feeney was the                Nine teams, three from each class, com-
                  Outstanding Woman Law Graduate at                peted in various athletic activities, mostly
                  the University of Illinois Law School in         for the fun of it. These activities not only
                  1987. Thirteen years later, she was the          made the law school experience more
                  first woman chosen to sit on the 17th            pleasant, but also built comradery and
                  Judicial Circuit Court in Kent County,           improved the health and fitness of the
                  Michigan. Judge Feeney has fulfilled the         participants. During law school, Kathleen
                  promise that her law school peers saw in         also was a member of the ABA negotia-
                  her when they nominated her and that             tions competition team that reached the
                  the faculty recognized when they select-         national finals in Chicago.
                  ed her Outstanding Woman Law                         After law school, Kathleen Feeney
                  Graduate. Her natural intelligence,              began her legal career at the Lansing,
                                  exceptional people skills        Michigan firm of Foster, Swift, Collins and
                                  and willingness to work          Smith, where her practice included labor
                                  very hard have been the          litigation and employment law work.
                                  foundation of her career,        Three years later, she moved to Mika,
                                  and bode well for the peo-       Meyers, Beckett & Jones, a Grand
                                  ple who come before her          Rapids, Michigan law firm where she rep-
                                  looking for justice.             resented clients in various types of litiga-
                                     The National                  tion matters, including condemnation,
                                  Association of Women             and met her husband John Stuive. This
                                  Lawyers began a program          is also where I met Kathleen, and where
                                  to help ABA accredited law       I enjoyed working with her for the three
                                  schools recognize their          years. Her next position was as a
                                  outstanding women gradu-         research attorney for the Michigan Court
                                  ates in 1989. Each school        of Appeals, a job she held only briefly,
                                  is invited to select an          after which she became the Judicial
                                  award winner each year.          Assistant to Court of Appeals Judge Jane
                                  The schools choose their         Markey. While working for Judge
                                  own method of selection.         Markey, Kathleen and John’s daughter
                                  At the University of Illinois,   Anna Evaleen Stuive was born. Anna
                                  in the late 1980’s, the stu-     was a big, beautiful baby who, after a
                                  dents had the opportunity        few short months, was diagnosed with
     Judge Kathleen Feeney
                                  to nominate one of their         “failure to thrive”, a diagnosis quickly fol-
                                  own and the faculty              lowed by the much more rare and much
                  choose from among the nominees. This             more serious “Leigh’s Syndrome” an
                  selection process is one reason Kathleen         inherited neurometabolic disorder charac-
                  Feeney was so honored to receive the             terized by degeneration of the central
                  award. She notes that she was not the            nervous system.
                  best student in the class, but is glad for           During the months following discovery
                  the friends she made and proud of the            of Anna’s illness, Kathleen and John
                  leadership she displayed at the law              learned as much as they could about the
                  school as a member of the Student Bar            Syndrome, traveled to various medical
                  Association. A program called “Class             centers in search of options and contem-
                  Action” was initiated during her tenure.         plated how best to deal with the hand

they had been dealt. In the midst of it       inspire the Judge to fully appreciate that a
all, a Circuit Judge announced he was         large part of her responsibility as a Judge
resigning and creating an opening on the      in the Family Division of Circuit Court is
17th Judicial Circuit Court bench.            to make decisions that are in the best
Because of then-recent changes in the         interest of the children in the families that
structure of Michigan Circuit Courts, and     come before her. Judge Feeney believes
decisions made by the Chief Judge and         that the challenges presented by her job
other sitting Circuit Judges in Grand         have helped her deal with the loss of her
Rapids, the judge filling this seat would     daughter, keeping busy and knowing that
be dedicated to the Family Division of the    her work has been helping families. Her
Circuit Court. While Kathleen Feeney          approach on the bench is to give her full
had long wanted to be a judge, and knew       attention to the case before her, make the
from her years at the Court of Appeals        best decision she can and, then, move on
what it would take to be a good trial court   to give the next case her full attention
judge hearing family law (divorce, child      and best judgment. Approaching her
abuse and neglect, juvenile delinquency       work this way, Judge Feeney has begun
and adoption) matters, this was not the       to fulfill the promise she talked about with
perfect time to contemplate a significant     her daughter in deciding to apply to be a
career move and enter the “political”         judge. She works hard, comes to court
arena that was involved in securing a         prepared, listens respectfully to the
Gubernatorial appointment to the bench.       lawyers and unrepresented litigants who
    Kathleen has many admirable quali-        come before her and renders a clear
ties, and one of the best is her ability to   decision – taking the time to explain why
look beyond the short term toward the         she is ruling the way she is in terms that
longer-range consequences and opportu-        are geared to the sophistication of her
nities inherent in the choices presented.     audience and obviously choosing words
Her decision to seek the judgeship was        that are designed to encourage the indi-
not made hastily, or rashly. It was con-      viduals before her to work together as
sistent with her philosophy to get            best they can for the sake of their chil-
involved with people and the processes        dren, rather than to prolong or increase
of your craft, and to be open to different    the tension and conflict.
possibilities. She and John spent many           When NAWL began the Outstanding
hours talking with each other and Anna        Woman Law Graduate program, the goal
about the possibility and what it could       was to recognize and encourage women
mean to their family and to the other fam-    with the potential to be great lawyers and
ilies “Judge Feeney” might be able to         contributors to our profession and justice
impact. Her Outstanding Woman Law             system. The University of Illinois made a
Graduate award had consistently been          great decision in its choice in 1987. Our
on Kathleen Feeney’s resume and it            profession and our justice
stayed there when that resume was sub-        system are better for the
mitted to the Governor’s office so she        contributions of Judge Kathleen
could be considered for appointment to        Feeney.
the bench. The Outstanding Woman Law
Graduate award was noted prominently                   2001-2002 NAWL President
in the report of her appointment in the         Elizabeth K. Bransdorfer is a mem-
Grand Rapids Press in March, 2000.              ber of the Grand Rapids, Michigan
                                               law firm of Mika, Meyers, Beckett &
The certificate now has a prominent
                                                  Jones, where Judge Feeney was
place in her chambers on the 10th floor             employed as an associate from
of the new Kent County Courthouse.             1990 to 1993. If you are or know a
    Since her appointment to the bench,       recipient of the Outstanding Woman
Judge Feeney has suffered the loss of         Law Student Award who, like Judge
                                               Feeney, has fulfilled the promise that led to her
her daughter, on Thanksgiving Day, 2000.
                                                receiving that award, please let us know about
This tragedy would cripple some, perhaps         her. We hope to feature one recipient in each
embitter others, but has seemed to                       issue of the Women Lawyers Journal.

                                                                   WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 5
          2001 & 2002 Outstanding Law Students
             NAWL congratulates the 2001 and the 2002                               and promoted issues and concerns of women in
          Outstanding Law Students. Selected by their law                           the legal profession with motivation, tenacity
          schools as the outstanding female law students                            and enthusiasm that inspired both their fellow
          of their class, these talented and dedicated                              students and law professors.
          women are among the best and the brightest.                                  NAWL is for women who want to change the
             Honored not only for their academic achieve-                           world and for the men who want to help them. We
          ment, these honorees were also chosen for the                             salute the women who have begun working early
          impact they made on areas beyond the class-                               in their careers to promote justice for women in
          room. The women listed below have worked to                               the profession — and encourage them to continue
          further the advancement of women in society                               making a difference as their careers blossom.

         Cecilia Aguayo                        H. Holden Brooks                     Ronni Allyson Cox                      Elizabeth Graybill
         Chapman University Law School         Cornell Law School                   University of Louisville               Vanderbilt University Law School
         San Bernadino, CA                     Silver Spring, MD                    Louisville, KY                         Nashville, TN
         Nasiche Anderson                      Qwendolyn N. Brown                   Venecca Dotson                         Monica Gupta
         Thurgood Marshall School of Law       Texas Southern University            Mississippi College School of Law      Cornell University Law School
         Houston, TX                           Riegelwood, NC                       Jackson, MS                            Newtown, CT
         Elizabeth Baker                       Lisa Marie Bruderly                  Erin P. Drew                           Kara Elizabeth Hardin
         Franklin Pierce Law Center            Pennsylvania State University        Pennsylvania State University          Stetson College of Law
         Canterbury, GA                        Pittsburgh, PA                       Camp Hill, PA                          Zephyrhillis, FL
         Cheryl A. Barnes                      Marquetta Bryan                      Stephanie Erickson                     Elizabeth Brooke Harned
         Georgia State University              Cleveland-Marshall School of Law     University of South Dakota             University of Michigan Law School
         Decatur, GA                           Atlanta, GA                          Vermillion, SD                         Ann Arbor, MI
         Sarah Copley Barrett                  Suzanne Bunszel                      Alexandra Espinosa                     Tomeka Hart
         Fordham University School of Law      Suffolk University Law School        Nova Southeastern University,          University of Memphis Law School
         New York, NY                          Marshfield, MA                       Miami, FL                              Memphis, TN
         Sylvia Barrett                        Tessie Buttram                       Tasha A. Everman                       Christine Harrington
         University of Pittsburgh Law School   Creighton University Law School      University of Nebraska                 Marquette University Law School
         Pittsburgh, PA                        Omaha, NE                            Lincoln, NE                            Greenville, SC
         Colette Battle                        Jennifer Robin Byrns                 Margaret Feltz                         Lisa Anne Hartrich
         Southern University Law Center        University of Notre Dame             Case Western Reserve Law School        University of Oregon Law School
         Baton Rouge, LA                       South Bend, IN                       Boston, MA                             Eugene, OR
         Lisa H. Bebchick                      Candice Carr                         Megan Ann Ferstenfeld-Torres           Shauna Hauser
         Boston University Law School          Golden Gate University               University of California at Berkeley   Cumberland School of Law
         New York, NY                          San Francisco, CA                    Lafayette, CA                          Birmingham, AL
         Laura K. Bedingfield                  Emily Nyen Chang                     Tomara Fisher                          Catherine P. Heaven
         Mercer University                     Notre Dame Law School                Seton Hall University Law School       University of Minnesota
         Vidalia, GA                           Phoenix, AZ                          Plainfield, NJ                         Minneapolis, MN
         Charity Blackburn                     Susan Chau                           Christie Floyd                         Dawn Henrichon
         Valparaiso School of Law              Temple University School of Law      Unversity of Louisville                University of Florida at Gainesville
         Marion, IN                            Philadelphia, PA                     Louisville, KY                         Gainesville, FL
         Jennifer Renee Blair                  Cheri Chestnut                       Jaime Ganschow                         Hilary Hileman-Hyacinth
         Loyola University, New Orleans        Tulane Law School                    Northern Illinois University           Loyola University New Orleans
         Las Vegas, NV                         New Orleans, LA                      Rochelle, IN                           New Orleans, LA
         Denise W. Bluestein                   Marcia Anna Citeroni                 Diana Elyse Garrett                    Kimberly Horsley
         The University of Texas, Austin       Cleveland-Marshall College           University of Montana Law School       Pepperdine University Law School
         Austin, TX                            Euclid, OH                           Missoula, MT                           Calabasas, CA
         Jessica Boar                          Amy Elizabeth Clark                  Pamela Gatos                           Lindsay Allegra Horstman
         Emory University School of Law        University of Southern Californial   Vermont Law School                     University of San Francisco
         Newark, GA                            Los Angeles, CA                      Brandon, VT                            San Francisco, CA
         Martina Brady                         Ederlina Co                          Sarah K. Gavin                         Jodi M. Hoss
         Thomas M. Cooley Law School           Georgetown University                The John Marshall Law School           Washburn University Law School
         Lansing, MI                           Arlington, VA                        Indianiapolis, IN                      Topeka, KS
         Dawn Chavez Branch                    Patricia Corey                       Carly B. Goldstein                     Jessie Howell
         University of New Mexico              Howard University Law School         Boston University School of Law        University of Florida at Gainesville
         Albuquerque, NM                       Washington, D.C.                     Allston, MA                            Gainesville, FL
         Christina Brandt-Young                Andrea Courtney                      Nancy Morales Gonzales                 Alissa Hurley
         University of Michigan Law School     Vermont Law School                   University of Missouri Law School      University of Tulsa Law School
         Juneau, AK                            Hines, VT                            Kansas City, MO                        Tulsa, OK
         Rebecca Brommel                       Emily Mae Cox                        Ellen Grachek                          Wendy Hyland
         Drake Law School                      University of Iowa College of Law    University of Toledo School of Law     University of Kentucky Law School
         Des Moines, IA                        Iowa City, IA                        Toledo, OH                             Louisville, KY

Katy Hynes                             Patricia L. Martin                   Holly C. Peterson                   Charlotte Tenorio
Roger Williams University              University of Tulsa College of Law   Seton Hall University Law School    Valparaiso University Law School
Providence, RI                         Tulsa, OK                            Newark, NJ                          Saipan, MP
Debra Ann Ichimura                     Joy Elaine Mason                     Tera J. Peterson                    Janet Ellen Traut
Santa Clara University                 Southwestern University              University of Utah School of Law    William S. Boyd School of Law
Davis, CA                              Redondo Beach, CA                    Salt Lake City, UT                  Reno, NV
Desi Imetovski                         Lee Anne Massucci                    Kira Dale Pfisterer                 Amanda Tuescher
Quinnipiac School of Law               Capital University Law School        University of Utah College of Law   University of Akron
Shelton, CT                            Blacklick, OH                        Boise, ID                           Tallmadge, OH
Celeste Johnson                        Cynthia Matthews                     Theresa Ann Phelps                  Ann Thomas
University of Oklahoma                 Georgia State University             Southern Illinois School of Law     Western New England Law College
Norman, OK                             Atlanta, GA                          Collinsville, IL                    Springfield, MA
Sarah Karni                            Billee Elliott McAuliffe             Tiffany Marie Prow                  Jill Uiverall
University of New Mexico               Southern Illinois University         University of Miami School of Law   Emory University School of Law
Albuquerque, NM                        St. Louis, MO                        Miami, FL                           Kansas City, KS
Melissa Keppel                         Dawn McFadden                        Rhoda Raymond                       Laura Riposo Vandruff
University of Virginia Law School      Case Western Reserve Law School      Regent University School of Law     University of Virginia
Washington, D.C.                       Cleveland, OH                        Richmond, VA                        Charlottesville, VA
Nora Kersten                           Jamala McFadden                      Kerry Melissa Renker                Diana Verga-Castrillon
University of Wisconsin-Madison        University of Michigan Law School    University of Akron School of Law   Nova Southeastern University
Mequon, WI                             Ann Arbor, MI                        Stow, OH                            Pembroke Pines, FL
Salima Khakoo                          Erin M. McGinley                     Jodie K. Robinson                   Shahar Vinayi
Hamlin Law School                      Loyola University Chicago            West Virginia Universityl           University of Miami School of Law
Minneapolis, MN                        Chicago, IL                          Letart, VA                          West Palm Beach, FL
Tanner Kilander                        Michele Mekel                        Mickey Ronan                        Stacey Violante
Marquette University Law School        University of Missouri-Columbia      New York Law School                 University of Connecticut
Oconomowoc, WI                         Jefferson City, MO                   New York, NY                        Canton, CT
Jill Kingsbury                         Kathy A. Mercogliano                 Candace Sady                        Sandra Ward
University of Missouri Law School      Norman Wiggins School of Law         Brooklyn Law School                 Appalachian School of Law
Fargo, ND                              Buies Creek                          Brooklyn, NY                        Grundy, NC
Jessica Kitson                         Megan Miller                         Toki Marie Sandoval                 Martha Neya Warren
Rutgers University School of Law       University of Kansas Law School      Thomas Jefferson School of Law      Campbell University
Middletown, NJ                         Kansas City, KS                      San Diego, CA                       Clinton, NC
Elizabeth Kristen                      Tara J. Mooney                       Mary Schaefer                       Lea M. Webb
University of California at Berkeley   Washington and Lee University        University of Maryland Law School   University of Cincinnati
Oakland, CA                            Lexington, VA                        Baltimore, MD                       Cincinnati, OH
Sarah La Voi                           M. Jane Moriarty                     Gigi Mei Lan Scoles                 Erin Webster-Main
DePaul University Law School           University of Maine Law School       Rutgers University School of Law    University of California-Davisl
Chicago, IL                            Cumberland, ME                       Philadelphia, PA                    Davis, CA
Deana Labrida                          Sandy Munoz                          Jennifer Sloan                      Jill Weinberg
Catholic University of America         City University of New York          University of Tennesse              Touro College Law Center
Chevy Chase, MD                        Bronx, NY                            Knoxville, TN                       Islip, NY
Kathryn J. Land                        Melissa Myer                         Alison Melissa Smith                Lindsay Weissberg
SUNY-Buffalo Law School                Arizona State University             University of Maryland              University of Connecticut
Cicero, NY                             Tempe, AZ                            Forestville, MD                     Hartford, CT
Rana Lehr Lehnardt                     Noelani K. Nanri                     Hannah Clayson Smith                Jessica Weltman
Brigham Young University               Loyola Law School Los Angeles        Brigham Young University            Washington University Law School
Provo, UT                              Rancho Palos Verdes, CA              Lawrenceville, NJ                   St. Louis, MO
Gwendolyn Lewis                        Robin Nash                           Kimberly Smith                      Molly Westering
Quinnipiac University                  Villanova University Law School      University of Detroit               University of Kansas Law School
Hamden, CT                             Drexel Hill, PA                      Detroit, MI                         Grand Island, KS
Linell Litendre                        JoAnn Nelson                         Tammy Stanton                       Gretchen Wettig
University of Washington Law School    Hofstra University School of Law     Stetson University College of Law   Southwestern University
Renton, WA                             Lindenhurst, NY                      St. Petersburg, FL                  Culver City, CA
Heather Lloyd                          Antonella Nistorescu                 Jennifer Steuve                     Cailen Wevodau
Northern Illinois University           University of Southern California    University of Dayton Law School     Texas Tech Law School
De Kalb, IL                            Van Nuys, CA                         Dayton, OH                          Lubbock, TX
Sara Lufrano                           Erin Marie O’Callaghan               Melissa Stewart                     Jami Witbeck
The John Marshall School of Law        William and Mary School of Law       Benjamin N. Cardozo                 Michigan State University
Chicago, IL                            Bethlehem, PA                        New York, NY                        East Lansing, MI
Carmen Elena MacDonald                 Adejumoke Georgina Oladokun          Holly Sullivan                      Shannon Wolfe
California Western School of Law       Ohio Northern University             University of San Diego             West Virginia University
San Diego, CA                          Beltsville, OH                       San Diego, CA                       Morgantown, WV
Amanda MacKinnon                       Shanell Parrish-Brown                Mira Sun                            Nancy Zimmer
Franklin Pierce Law Center             St. John’s University                CUNY School of Law                  CUNY School of Law
Atlanta, GA                            Queens Village, NY                   Rego Park, NY                       Middle Village, NY
Margaret Maggio                        Suzanne Perker                       Cori Denine Sutherland
Northern Kentucky University           University of Idaho School of Law    University of the Pacific
Ft. Thomas, KY                         Moscow, ID                           Davis, CA
Michelle Maner                         Jessica Pesce                        Carrie Tate-Meyer
Cumberland School of Law               Fordham University School of Law     University of Wyoming Law School
Augusta, GA                            Albuquerque, NM                      Laramie, WY

                                                                                                    WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 7
                        Afghan Women:
          afghanistan   A Time of Great Hope and Uncertainty

                        by Eva Herzer

                           Since my winter update for this
                        Journal, women in Afghanistan have
                        made great strides toward reclaiming
                        their fundamental rights. On March
                        8, in Kabul, women celebrated inter-
                        national women s day in the presence
                        of UN High Commissioner Mary
                        Robinson and Hamid Karzai, the
                        chairman of the interim government
                        o Afghanistan. On March 22, Afghan
                        women celebrated the lunar New
                        Year s holiday by removing their
                        burqas in public, still a rare occur-
                        rence in Kabul, and moving freely in
                        the sunshine. The Washington Post
                        reported that a spirit of religious,
                        seasonal and political renewal filled
                        the streets. On March 25, Afghan
                        girls and women teachers returned to
                        public schools, for the first time since
                        1996. The illiteracy rate for women
                        is now 80 percent. Most girls enter
                        many grades behind, having been
                        banned from school for 5 years.            Children sit beneath a RAW A poster stat-
                                                                   ing Afghan Women Can t Be Enslaved.
                                            od t
                        Those who can aff r i take cram
                                                                    It is dangerous for women to publicize
                        courses to make up for time lost; oth-       slogans like these in Afghan society.
                        ers were lucky enough to have been
                        taught at home by their mothers.
                                                                   power. The magazine will be pub-
                           On April 4, the first issue of ROZ      lished in Dari, Pastu, English and
                        (The Day), a women s magazine went         French.
                        to press. The magazine will initially
                        be distributed free of charge in Kabul.       The Afghan Women s Ministry has
                        It is funded by the French magazine        started to function, with nothing more
                        Elle. 16 journalists, 14 of them           than a few typewriters and carbon
                        women, are employed to produce this        paper. USAID granted the ministry
                        magazine, which will feature articles      $64,000 to rebuild its offices and to
                        on society, law and cooking. The edi-      establish some programs. This grant
                        tor in chief, Lailoma Ahmadi hopes to      is the only one received by the min-
                         help educate women and teach them         istry so far, despite many more inter-
                        how to help themselves. She was a          national pledges of support.
                        newscaster for Afghan Radio for 18         Increased funding is crucial if the
                        years before the Taliban rose to           ministry is to be effective. Afghan

NGOs are starting to go public again.      women s convention;
The Revolutionary Association of
                                               consider ratifying the optional
Afghan Women (RAW A), which has
                                           protocol to the convention which
operated clandestinely under the                                                        Women are
                                           allows for individual complaints;
Taliban, held a press conference and
i s
 s tarting to work more openly again,          repeal all discriminatory legislation;    tl t ik
                                                                                        sila rs
though so far hesitantly and inconsis-          fully enable equal and effective
tently, for fear of reprisals. Similarly
                                           participation of women and girls in
Ariana, an Afghan NGO which pro-           civil, cultural, economic, political and     advocating
vides training to women and girls, is      social life throughout the country and
seeking funds and received a small         at all levels; and                            o
grant of $13,000 from USAID.
                                                to ensure equal right for women         themselves,
   W omen are still at tremendous risk     and girls in education.
when advocating for themselves,                                                         because
                                              The resolution also calls on the
because many of the forces, which
suppressed their voices, are included
                                           government to bring those responsi-          many of the
                                           ble for violence against women and
in the current government, which                                                        forces,
                                           girls to justice. It urges the United
includes war lords and fundamenta    l-
                                           Nations and its agencies to                  which
its, hostile to women s rights (see
interview on page 13). Most women              fully support the Afghan govern-
have not removed their burqas in           ment regarding women s participation;
public in order to protect themselves           support ministries to develop           their voices,
against an uncertain future. The polit-    their capacity to mainstream a gen-
ical winds could shift any day, the        der perspective;
                                                                                        are included
interim government could collapse,
an even more repressive government             support capacity-building for            in the
could be formed or a new civil war         Afghan women;
could erupt. Because of their precar-          assist the judicial system to
ious situation, women have been lim-       adhere to international human rights         government.
ited in their ability to demand            tandards; and
restoration of their fundamenta  l
                                               to develop a human rights educa-
human rights. Much of the progress,
                                           tion program.
so far, is the result of a synergetic
process between Afghan women and              The resolution also, very impor-
their international supporters, who        tantly, calls on multi-lateral and bi-
have lobbied hard to gain political        lateral donors to ensure the full and
support for Afghan women interna-          effective participation of Afghan
tionally. These eff r were particu-
                    o ts                   women in all stages of humanitarian
larly successful at the United             aid, recovery, reconstruction and
Nations, where the UN Commission           development. In effect, this resolution
on the St atus of Women, during its        sets the international standard for
46th session in March, reached a           foreign aid and the approach to
consensus resolution on women and          women s rights and their inclusion in
g r s i Afghanistan. The resolution,
 il n                                      international political support for
issued on March 25, urges the transi-      Afghanistan. Political support is of
tional government and future govern-       course very important to those who
ment of Afghanistan to:                    seek power in Afghanistan today
                                           because with that support they will
    fully respect the equal rights of      not have the financial resources to
women and girls;                           reconstruct their country. It is proba-
                                           bly safe to say that very few mem-
    give priority to ratifying the UN
                                           bers of the current government,

                                                             WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 9
                  whether they come from Northern             strategic US presence in Afghanistan
                  Alliance, fundamentalist or war lord        and throughout the region. This goal
                  circles, would do much to restore           is likely to backfire just as much as
 Fights over      women s rights without an interna-          US support for the Taliban has come
                  tional mandate to this eff c .
                                            et                to haunt us terribly.
    territory,       What Afghan women are requesting           The next step for Afghanistan is
       opium      from the international community is         the Loya Jirga, set for June of this
                  three-fold and fundamentally inter-         year. In the Loya Jirga process, a
       fields,    connected. They seek international          very small segment of the population,
                  political support for their rights, fund-   namely village elders, all men, will
 money and        ing for their ministry and projects         select delegates to the Loya Jirga
 power take       and, very importantly, political sup-       which will in turn select a government
                  port for increased peacekeeping             for the next 18 months. The great
place every       forces. Currently the international         majority of the population will thus
                  peacekeeping force consists of              not have a say in the selection of the
    day and       approximately 4,000 troops, which is        next government.
                  utterly inadequate in light of the con-
  politicians                                                    It is interesting that internationals
                  tinued internal strife and fighting. The
                                                              have supported this traditional process
          are     interim government is distrusted by
                                                              for selecting a government. The prob-
                  segments of the population because
  assassinat-                                                 lem with this process, from an interna-
                  it includes some of the war lords,
                                                              tional law perspective, is that it does
                  whose support, it was hoped, would
          e.                                                  not provide for a democratic way of
                  bring national unity. On the other
                                                              selecting a government. Article 21 of
                  hand, some of the war lords still do
                                                              the Universal Declaration of Human
                  not accept the jurisdiction of the
                                                              Rights provides everyone has the
                  interim government. Fights over terri-
                                                               ih o
                                                              r g t t take part in the government of
                  tory, opium fields, money and power
                                                              his country, directly or through freely
                  take place everyday and politicians
                                                              chosen representatives......the will of
                  are assassinated. The US has
                                                              the people shall be the basis of
                  opposed increasing the peacekeeping
                                                              authority of government.....this will
                  force, arguing Afghans should locally
                                                              shall be expressed in periodic and
                  control and secure their country. This
                                                              genuine elections which shall be by
                  ignores the fact that an effective
                                                              universal and equal suffrage.
                  police force and army can not be cre-
                  ated overnight, and especially not in          However, the internationally
                  a country that has been war-torn for        backed negotiations for the creation
                  more than 20 years. The UN                  of the current interim government
                  Secretary General recommends                resulted in an agreement that women
                  increasing the force to 30,000, a           would be included in the Loya Jirga.
                  number requested by the chair of the        In keeping with this promise Hamid
                  interim Afghan government. The US           Karzai announced plans on April 1,
                  State Department recommended an             that 11% of the seats at the Loya
                  increase to 25,000, but did not pre-        Jirga will be reserved for women.
                  vail with the Bush administration.          R AW A opposes this process as unde-
                  What motivates the Bush administra-         mocratic and is therefore not seeking
                  tion, which has announced a                 inclusion in the Loya Jirga. The 1500
                  Marshall-like plan for Afghanistan, is      member Loya Jirga is scheduled to
                  up for speculation. One possible            meet in mid-June. Although terrorists
                  explanation is that the administration      and other criminals are theoretically
                  seeks to minimize the international         not eligible for a seat in this gather-
                  presence in Afghanistan in order to         ing, there is great fear that Taliban
                  set the stage for a predominant                                             ls
                                                              and other Islamic fundamenta i ts

may be selected and gain significant           More information on RAW A can be
influence. With the instability of the      found at http://rawa.fancymarketing.
country, the opposing fundamenta i t         e.
                                            n t The easiest way to join
and secular forces, the lack of securi-            o ts
                                            the eff r of the international
ty forces and the huge number of del-       women s network to influence
egates, there is much uncertainty as        US and        international policy
what this Loya Jirga will bring for         on women in Afghanistan is
Afghanistan, and particularly for its       through the website of the
women.                                      Feminist Majority at: w w w.femi-
   No matter what the outcome, it is        nist.org/afghanistan/ intro. asp.
quite certain that Afghan women will         Sisterhood is powerful is not
continue to need substantial backing                                   s, t
                                            just a slogan of times pa t i
from women worldwide to realize             still works!
their rights and dreams. Donations
for humanitarian aid can be send and
                                              The author: Eva Herzer is a mediator and attorney in
                                 , o
earmarked for particular projects t                                       aiona h s hi f
                                              Kensington and Berkeley, C l f r i . S e i c a r o
R AW A c/o The Afghan Women s                 N AW L s International Law Committee and is a former
Mission, 260 S. Lame A venue,                 president of the International Committee of Lawyers for
PMB165, Pasadena, CA 91101.                     bt
                                              Ti e . E-mail her at eva@igc.org

LIVE from Afghanistan
   On April 14, 2002, Eva Herzer, NAW L s UN Observer and International Law
Committee Chair, interviewed Melody Ermachild Chavis and Latifa Popal, who
spent two weeks in Afghanistan and Pakistan in early March. Latifa was born and
raised in Afghanistan. She fled her homeland, together with her family in 1985, at
the age of 17. She now lives in the San Francisco Bay Area, home to approximate-
ly 100,000 Afghans. She works as a financial manager for a software company.
Melody is a private investigator who for the past 22 years has specialized in death
penalty cases. She is also an author and active member of the Buddhist Peace
Fellowship. She is currently writing a biography of Meena, who was murdered at
the age of 33 by the Afghanistan branch of the KGB and who is the founder of the
Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAW A). Melody and
Latifa traveled together to Afghanistan to research Meena s biography. The author s
royalties from Meena s book will go to RAW A. This interview does not focus on the
subject of Melody s book, but rather, more generally, on the situation of women in

Afghanistan and the personal insights       time. When the communist regime
and impressions gained by Latifa and        took over Afghanistan [after the
Melody during their trip in March.          Soviet invasion in 1979] they took our
Eva Herzer: Latifa, what motivated          land away. Each owner could only
your family to leave Afghanistan in         keep 5 acres and the rest of the land
1985?                                       was distributed to whoever was work-
                                            ing on it. My brothers joined the
Latifa Popa My family were                  resistance, which fought along side
landowners, you could say they were          l h i
                                            a l t e d fferent factions fighting the
the feudals or bourgeoisie of that          Russians. But things were getting

                                                            WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 11
                  really diff c l . At one of the battles        hopes when the Taliban took over
                  over our land, 75 of my brothers               because they promised peace and
                  friends died; they were the only ones           ta i i y.
                                                                 s b l t I felt terrible because that
                  who survived. So they left f r o               hope was very false. My cousin s
         The      Pakistan. My mother sent one of my             wife, for example, was unable to
   Russians       brothers to Germany saying that if             leave her house for 6 years. Then I
                  one of them died, this way one of              saw a video made by an Afghan man
bombed and        them would still be alive. Things got          that showed women being stoned to
                  extremely hard, many of our family             death in a public stadium. When we
  destroyed       members also left and many of our              saw this we were outraged. So, we,
                  servants became spies. We were left            the Afghans in Concord and Walnut
  our village     without any help, so
                  my mom decided that
 and cut off      we had to leave. We
   the heads      went to one of our
                  farms, took some
   of all our     donkeys, and with 15
                  armed people, we
    animals.      walked for 6 days
                  over Tora Bora in
        Many      harsh winter time.
                  W e had just the
    Afghans       clothes we wore. Aft r e
                  3 days we had no
   had great
                  more food. We slept
hopes when        in caves. It was freez-
                  ing cold. We warmed
 the Taliban      ourselves at night
                  with fires. My tennis
  took over.      shoes were all burnt
                  and I had huge blisters              Melody Ermachild Chavis (right) and translator
                  all over my feet when                          l l ft) interview Afghan women during
                                                     Latifa Popa ( e
                  we arrived in Pakistan.          their research trip in Afghanistan. The women did not
                  For the next 2 years I                feel safe having their faces photographed.
                  worked as a teacher in
                  a Red Cross refugee camp. The con-             Creek [California], petitioned the
                  ditions there were very poor. There            Taliban. Along with our signatures
                  was no water and no electricity. Then          we sent pictures of each one of us
                  I got a visa for the US.                       so they would see we were Afghans.
                                                                 W e got no response. Later, again,
                  E H: How have you stayed connect-              we petitioned the Taliban not to blow
                  ed with your country over the past             up the Buddhas. We have been very
                  years and how did you feel when the            active but we have very few
                  Taliban came to power?                         resources.

                  L P: Over the years we always want-        E H: Melody, what motivated you to
                  ed to be involved and do things for        write a book about Meena and
                  our country and we wanted to go            devote so much time to this issue?
                  back. One of my cousins stayed in
                  Afghanistan and through him we got         Melody Ermachild Chavis: I am one
                  information. We found out that aft r       of those many Americans who was
                  we had left, the Russians bombed           not paying attention to Afghanistan. I
                  and destroyed our village and cut off      had seen the petitions about Afghan
                  the heads of all of our animals.           women. It was one issue among so
                  Many Afghans, who felt betrayed by         many human rights issues. I felt
                  the communist regime, had great            helpless. I was writing a completely

dfferent book, a memoir about my           es and hardships. What reactions
work on the death penalty, my              did you hear from Afghan women to
clients on death row.                      this war?
  After September 11, I was really                                                    The Saudis
traumatized and the idea that once         L P: I think in a way they were
again we would have bombing as             happy, yet not happy, because such         and the CIA
our solution, our only answer, really      a huge tragedy had to happen in the
upset me. My father was an                 United St ates for the American gov-       funded the
American bombadier in World Wa I .  r I    ernment to realize that it had made
He believed that he should give his        a big mistake. The Taliban were            Taliban
life, if need be, to stop Hitler and for    n talled by the US during the cold
democracy. He was willing to kill          war and were US puppets. Even              as part of
civilians and that is what he was          though the Afghan people are
doing, bombing German cities, per-
                                                                                      their anti-
                                           against bombing, they would still
haps killing women and children.           sacrifice their lives just to have         communist
And then he was shot down and              peace. They were so sick of the
killed. I was left with the question of    Taliban.                                   strategy.
what does it all mean. So I have a
big reaction to war. I started to real-    M E: A perspective that is hard to get
ize that the women in the Afghan sit-      in the US, that was very obvious
uation are really the answer. They         there, one we heard over and over
are so oppressed that their freedom        from virtually everyone we spoke to in
could undo a great many oppres-            Afghanistan and Pakistan, is that
sions in Afghanistan. I heard about        America sent the Taliban and sent A    l
R AW A on the radio and looked up          Qaeda and Arabs from all over the
their website. At the same time I                              n
                                           place to Afghanista . They call them
was having a lot of intense conver-        America s children. From their point
sations with my literary agent in          of view, the father came and disci-
Manhattan, whose office is not far         plined his children. Their perspective
from the World Trade Center. She           is that they did not have the power to
experienced all this trauma and her        throw the Taliban out, that the only
little children were really trauma-        ones who could do that were the peo-
tized. We read about Meena and             ple who created them, their father,
wondered whether there was a book          the United St ates. I had never heard
about her and discovered that there        this before, but since I came back, I
was none. So my agent suggested            looked much more deeply at the his-
that I write a book about her. I           tory, and it makes sense to me now.
hopped on a plane to meet with a           Long before all of this started, our
member of RAW A who was then in            allies, the Saudis, along with the CIA,
Ohio. RAW A’s leadership in Pakistan       completely funded the Taliban, in
then considered my proposal and            Pakistan first, as part of their anti-
accepted it. They had always               communist strategy to strike up into
dreamed about this book. I met             the soft under-belly, they would say,
Latifa and she offered to help me          of the Soviet Union. It was a cold war
and we realized we needed to go to         strategy, at least as far back as the
Afghanistan to research the book.          Carter administration. They had the
The author’s royalties from Meena’s        idea of bringing them into
book will go to RAW A.                     Afghanistan, then go on to the other
                                           Soviet Asian republics, causing
E H: You both have had the opportu-                            ls
                                           Muslim fundamenta i ts uprisings in
nity to speak to dozens of Afghan          every country to throw out commu-
women. The American war on the             nism. This unleashed a terrible force
Taliban has, on the one hand, lead         that has come back to attack us now.
to a historic turning point in the lives
o Afghan women. On the other
 f                                                         continued on page 18
hand, it has caused tremendous loss-

                                                         WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 13
          balancing act   Letting in Support
                          by Susan Ann Koenig

                                ud o ie or ie o e ite
                             W ol yulk yu lf t b altl                      plain that we are feeling overwhelmed.
                          easier? I can t think of single woman               Often the assistance can come from
                          attorney who wouldn t opt for making life a      others who would love to be asked and
                           ite es ad
                          ltl ls hr.                                       who would benefit from supporting us.
                                                           , aiy
                             W e face demands from clients f m l             il e eit
                                                                           St l , w r s s .
                          members, and organizations to be here, do           What are some of the reasons for our
                          this, go there, remember that. Sometimes          e i tance to help? There are many rea-
                           h i ts
                          t e l s seem endless. Sometimes there            sons, both conscious and unconscious,
                          are so many lists you can t keep track of        why we sometimes resist support.
                                                                                    hn tes il hn es f s f
                                                                                We t i k o h r w l t i k l s o u i
                             Despite the pressures we feel on a            we need help.
                          daily basis, we often refuse to ask for
                          help. We even turn it down when it is                 We believe we can do the job better.
                          offered.                                              We don t want to owe the other per-
                             Taking a look at our willingness to let in    son anything.
                          help can give us great insight into how we            We ve asked for help before and have
                          have been making our lives so much               been turned down or let down.
                          harder than they need to be.
                                                                                We think we ought to be able to do it
                             Are you willing to let others help? Ask       on our own.
                          yourself these questions to examine your
                          willingness to let others support you in life:        We love the acknowledgment we get
                                                                           by accomplishing projects on our own.
                             The last time you entertained, did your
                          refuse offers of others to contribute food?         Consider your attitudes about accepting
                                                                           help. When we stop to examine the
                             When was the last time you asked              thoughts that drive our choice to keep help
                          another parent to help transport your child                                        n.
                                                                           out, we realize why we are resista t
                          to an event?                                     These include:
                             Do you feel the adult you live with is           Only weak or incompetent people ask
                          carrying an equal share of household duties?      o ep
                            Have others suggested you pay for help             I can do things better than anybody else.
                          but you decline?
                                                                                 f cet i
                                                                                I I a c p a g ft, I am indebted to the
                            Do your school age children have               giver.
                          regular household chores?
                                                                               People don t change.
                            Are you fully delegating work responsi-
                          blte t ohr?
                           iiis o tes                                          I don t need or deserve any help.

                             Every day we have opportunities to ask             I ll have to share the credit if someone
                          for and receive support. Yet we are often        else helps me.
                          unconscious to the countless ways we                   f o      o t t o
                                                                                I Idntd i,i wntgtdn.    e oe
                          could make our own lives easier.
                                                                              By examining the attitudes that underlie
                             Even when we are aware that help is           our thoughts about letting in help, we
                          there for the asking, we might still resist.     become clearer about how it is really our
                          Too often we insist upon making life more        ego that saying no to making our lives
                          dfficult than it needs to be, and then com-

easier.                                          will make our lives easier at the same
   Are you secretly proud of people refer-       time.
ring to you as Wonder Woman?         Do you         Look for help in unexpected places.
really believe that you can be all things to     Sometimes our limited thinking prevents us
all people at all times? Are you willing to      from seeking support in new ways. Rather
give up those attitudes in order to struggle     than producing a long list of reasons why
less and enjoy life more?                        no one else will help you, brainstorm a list
   Think about a truly great person whom         of people who might be willing. Don t
you admire. Consider Mother Theresa,                                                  nne
                                                 assume that others are too busy, u i t r-         When we
Ghandi, Susan B. Anthony, or Nelson              ested or unwilling to support you. Instead
Mandela. Not a one of these great                of sabotaging yourself by failing to ask,         feel un-
humans accomplished their goals without           ake
                                                 t a risk by reaching out.
the help of others. Surely we can permit
                                                    Practice asking for assistance. Consider
ourselves to be as humble as these               beginning with some small steps l k t e e
                                                                                    ie hs:         ed in our
amazing leaders.
                                                     Ask your sibling to host the next family      lives
   W e can produce something greater with
                                                 gathering, even though you are the one
the help of others. By others joining us in
completing a project, we get more than the
                                                 who does it traditionally.                        frustra-
gft o t m . Additional skills, new ideas,
 i f ie                                              Talk to another parent about car pool-         in
experience, and support are all a result of       n o or hl
                                                 i g f r y u c i d s practices.
letting others in. By allowing supporters to         Ask your loved one to take care of the        builds.
be a part of our work, we can produce            household for one full day so you can
something greater than if we had done it
                                                 have a rest.
alone. We just need to be willing.
                                                      One day a week delegate at work as           time, we
   W e can avoid frustration and burnout.
                                                 though you were leaving on vacation the
When we feel unsupported in our lives
                                                 next day.
                                                                                                   can feel
over long periods of time, frustration b i d .
W e begin to feel unappreciated and resent-           Celebrate your child s birthday by giv-      burned
ful. Over time, we can feel burned o tu.         ing her one new chore each year in recog-
W e lose the energy to continue to do t e        nition of her increased maturity.
work that we once felt passionately about.
                                                                            i ep ht i
                                                      Choose one form of pa d h l t a f ts
Letting in support can give a huge boost to
                                                 your budget and set it up this week.
our energy that allows us to sustain our
good work over time.                                By practicing getting support, we learn to
                                                 live life realizing that we are never alone in
   Look for others who enjoy doing what
                                                 facing the challenges of life, be it a mal-
needs to be done. You can turn a dread-
ed duty into a time of fun. Have a friend        practice claim or a conflict with your child s
help you reorganize your basement and            baseball practice schedule. We begin to
l t h r take home some treasures.
 e e                                             realize that we are fully supported in all that
Throw a work party the next time you             we do. All we have to do is say Ye .  s
need help for a home improvement pro-
   The laughter of friends can turn even
 h uls
t e d l e t tasks into fun.                                Susan Ann Koenig is an
                                                      attorney in Omaha, Nebraska
   Consider the gift that you are giving to
                                                                where she practices
others by allowing them to help you.
                                                        family law, e tate planning,
Remember the wonderful feeling you get
                                                         and gay and lesbian rights .
when you are able to help a colleague or
                                                       She teaches Women and the
a family member? Such sweet satisfac-
                                                        Law at Creighton University
tion comes from having done just one
                                                      School of Law. Susan writes
small thing that eased life for another.
                                                                     and lectures on
There is no reason we should deprive oth-                    spirituality and the law.
ers of this great feeling, especially when it

                                                                   WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 15
                  Interview                                 opposing it. It will take 3-4 years
                                                            before a local security force is
                  continued from page 15
                                                            trained; in the meantime Afghanistan
It is just not                                              could easily slip back into civil war
                  So now the Afghans are saying, they       and there are many signs of that.
      safe in     came and got their own people out of      They are warning that war lords are
                  here, and yet thousands of Afghans        still a huge danger and RAW A i  s
Afghanistan       died in the process or were terribly      pointing out that many of these war
 or Pakistan      traumatized.                              lords are in the interim government.
                                                            They are saying that the Northern
  to have an      E H: You spoke particularly to RAW A      Alliance leaders have a history of
                  members. I understand that RAW A          violence and massacres. RAW A
        open      was founded by Meena in 1977 to           refuses to join in with these criminal
                  fight both the Soviets and the funda-     elements in the current government.
    women s       menta i ts forces within the Afghan
                        ls                                  They call for the arrest of these war
                  society. What are RAW A s objectives      lords whom they see as war crimi-
organization.     today?                                    nals. They want to see them tried
 Everything                                                 like Milosevic and are encouraged
                  ME: R AW A was founded in 1977,           by the development of international
         they     before the Soviets invaded and at         law in that respect. They have actu-
                  that time RAW A was a feminist orga-      ally received the active support of
   advocate       nization for women s rights. In 1979,     officials of the Basque government
                  when the Soviets invaded they             who pledged to call on the EU for
was a death       joined the national liberation strug-     the prosecution of these war crimi-
                  gle against this invader. We brought      nals. RAW A is at a crucial turning
sentence in       back with us a video tape of Meena,       point, waiting to see whether they
                  speaking in 1981. On this 21 year         can take their burqas off in public
Afghanistan.                                                and take part in the government.
                  o d tape, she talked about the
                  national liberation struggle and said     They did go to the Brussels women s
                   our national unity is fracturing         conference and also were in Bonn,
                  because of the creation in Pakistan       as part of the Shah s (king s) dele-
                  in the refugee community of some          gation. They support the Shah
                  fanatical Islamists They are a dan-
                                     .                      because he promotes a secular
                  ger. She started to warn then and         democracy.
                  she always said if they come to
                  power it will be very terrible. She did   E H: How large is RAW A?
                  not see the Soviets leave in 1989.
                  She was assassinated in 1987. She         M E: They say they have about 2,000
                  was always fighting the two fronts ,      members. The membership is very
                  the fundamentalism which she knew         diverse. We met illiterate, poor
                  was the enemy of women and the            women, as well as university educat-
                  Soviet occupation. RAW A still has as     ed women, young and old women.
                  i                             ls ,
                  t s enemy these fundamenta i ts
                  these misogynists, which are every-       L P: They have women from all levels
                  where. We went to a RAW A press           of the society and are very diverse
                  conference in Pakistan. There they        ethnically. At the same time RAW A is
                  were carrying out the warning func-       not very well known in Afghanistan.
                  tion they have had all of these
                  years, saying that safety and securi-     M E: They are clandestine and have
                  ty are the number one issues today.       only a few public spokeswomen,
                  They called for more international        mostly abroad. It is just not safe in
                  peace keepers, in line with what the      Afghanistan or Pakistan to have an
                  UN Security Council has asked for,        open women s organization.
                  to increase the numbers from 4,000        Everything they advocate was a
                  to 30,000. Interim president Hamid        death sentence in Afghanistan.
                  Karzai has asked for this. The US is      Recently a woman in Pakistan who

 advocated for beaten women was            Afghanistan. They documented
 criminally charged and faces many         human rights abuses and filmed exe-
 years in prison. RAW A can operate        cutions during the Taliban years.
 some in the more liberal UN run           N o w, they bring medicines to their     Everywher
 refugee camps in Pakistan to teach        members, most recently to earth-
 literacy, help orphans and provide        quake victims. It is almost impossi-     e we went
 health services. Organizing in            ble to get medicine in Afghanistan,
 Afghanistan was also very diff c l
                                iut        not even Tylenol. They run schools       we were
 because women could not go out             o il.
                                           f r g r s They organize themselves
 without a male escort, there was no       in friendship groups for moral and       asked
 mail, no phone system, no newspa-         practical support. Since 9/11, RAW A
 pers, no internet under the Taliban.      has received significant contribu-
 Now sometimes the phone works in          tions from around the world. Wih  t      our hus-
 Kabul, and the mail is starting up        those funds they recently opened a
 again. RAW A seems to be in a tran-       new hospital in Pakistan for refugee     bands
                                                                women and chil-
                                                                dren and a new      were.
                                                                children s home.
                                                                Their goals are     They
                                                                very far reach-
                                                                ing, a secular
                                                                                    want to
                                                                democracy,          know why
                                                                which is so far
                                                                from the status     he is not
                                                                quo. Their situa-
                                                                tion as women is    with you.
                                                                 tl o
                                                                oppressed. We
                                                                experienced it
                                                                our selves.
                                                                Everywhere we
                                                                went we were
                                                                asked where our
                                                                husbands were.
                                                                On the off c a
R AW A took contributions from around the world and opened      forms in Pakistan
up a new hospital for refugee women and children and a          it always asked
   new children s home. (photo courtesy Kristi Laughlin)        for our father s
                                                                and husband s
 sition to operating more above            names and status. So I put for my
 board. For example, at their press        husband: In US, attorney, can not
 conference in March in Afghanistan,       accompany due to court. They want
 though they asked not to be pho-          to know why is he not with you, they
 tographed, when the press did take        literally asked us at every turn. We
 pictures, the women did not cover         did not see women driving a car in
 their faces. Similarly, we saw            Pakistan, nor did we see women
 women at the women s day celebra-         working in an office or restaurant
 tion in Kabul in western dress [also      and we ourselves were accompanied
 attended by UN High Commissioner          by a male driver at all times. Part of
 for Human Rights Mary Robinson],          that was for our security, being
 yet when they left they covered           American, we were afraid of being
 themselves in their burqas.               taken. Daniel Pearl had just been
                                           killed. One women we interviewed,
 E H: So how does RAW A operate in         who is a RAW A member, was in
 Afghanistan today?                        charge of a school in the Islamabad
 M E: They have cells all around           area. She said an Afghan man

                                                          WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 17
                  approached her and told her to get       a woman doctor who was allowed to
                  away from the school and not to          work during the Taliban. She secret-
      I want      return. When she did return, men         ly ran a medical school and trained
                  threw stones at her. She is now try-     all the nurses and assistants working
     healing,     ing to figure out what to do. That is    under her as doctors. We met three
       accep-     the kind of thing women have to put      of them, on Women s Day, in the
                  up with in both Pakistan and             ladies room, where, as women
   ance and
   t              Afghanistan.                             know, some of the best meetings
                                                           always take place. Their heroism is
   reconcili-     L P: Even in the Afghan community in     overwhelming.
                  exile women are facing huge obsta-
        ation     cles. A woman I know was recently        E H: What do you think is the most
                  admitted to St anford University         crucial next step for women in
      among       Medical School with a scholarship,       Afghanistan?
                  but her father told her she graduated
    our peo-      from high school and that was            M E: Peacekeepers are absolutely
    pe Ia m       enough. She will not be able to go.      essential, to establish police and
                  Many things stop the Afghan commu-       security and control over the whole
   hoping to       i y,
                  n t one of them is ignorance,            country. That is the first thing many
                  another is corruption. So education      women we spoke to said, it is also
   tart with
   s              is very very important, here and in      what Mary Robinson said. You also
                  Afghanistan.                             need the commitment to human
     my own                                                rights, which has to go hand in hand
                  E H: How do think women assess           with safety and reconstruction, it can
     village.     their future?                            not come later. Right now, Afghans
        I sa
        t                                                  are depending on the good will of
                  M E: Women are clearly uncertain         these war lords, literally, they them-
   ta t t
   s r, i s       about the future. Latifa s cousin s      selves would have to feel like
                  wife, for example, went back to          enough is enough, it s time for us to
   never too      teach, after 6 years at home, but        stop fighting each other and have a
                  she wears her burqa, unsure what         nation. Think how thin that is to
         lt.      the future will bring. Afghanistan       depend on former war criminals say-
                  could go right back to civil war and     ing, I am not going to get as much
                  opium growing (there are strong          for myself as I can, opium fields,
                  signs in that direction), or it can      money and power.
                  emerge as a modern nation. The
                  Loya Jirga which will meet in June to    E H: Latifa, with all of this uncertain-
                  select the next government was not        y n
                                                           t i Afghanistan today, do you con-
                  democratically chosen, it is a feudal    sider returning home?
                  process. No one knows how this will
                  work out. But there are also great       L P: I have waited all this time, and I
                  things happening and there is much       want to return. I have a mission.
                  hope. Meena s school, for example,       People have pointed fingers at each
                  which had been closed down and           other long enough. My own belief is
                  had been damaged by Al Qaeda,            that all the Afghans, no matter
                  which housed 4,000 men there, was        where we came from, are guilty.I
                  being feverishly rebuilt, while we       am guilty because I left my people
                  were there, by a crew of 200 men.        and came to the US. Others are
                  W e met the person in charge of the      guilty of genocide, or of doing noth-
                  reconstruction       a woman engineer!   ing about it. I want healing, accep-
                  Many schools have reopened and           tance and reconciliation among our
                  women teachers are back at work.         people. I want us to come together
                  W e met doctors who are working          and rebuild one nation, Afghanistan.
                  again, some of them had been
                  trained secretly during the Taliban
                  years. The new minister of health is                     continued on page 31

Women & Law in India
By Versha Sharma

      In India, in spite of special constitu-   passed, but their language is easily
tional and legislative guarantees in place      manipulated and can be misguiding.
to protect women, crimes against women          They create an illusion that women enjoy
are rampant and on the increase. The            a privileged position in our society and
Constitution imposes a fundamental duty         have special rights at the cost of men.
on every citizen through Article 51A(e) to      The illusion falls quickly when one con-
renounce the practices derogatory to the        fronts the facts. In reality, the bulk of this
dignity of women. How many of us are            protective legislation is a modest attempt
aware of this Fundamental Duty? Not             to combat the deep-rooted and all perva-
many, I suppose. But the question is:           sive evil of horrendous crimes that are
Have the women of India been able to            committed against women every day.
reap the benefits provided for them             These atrocities are a part of our past
under their Constitution? There is still a      and have not ceasd to be committed
long way to go to achieve the goals             even today. There seems to be no end to
enshrined in the Constitution.                  man’s brutality towards woman in spite
      In tune with various provisions of        of the protective laws.
the Constitution, the State has enacted               Who is responsible for the lapse
many pieces of legislation to protect           between the illusion and reality of these
women against social discrimination, vio-       protective laws? Is it the people of India
lence and atrocities and to prevent social      and our religious beliefs, poverty, super-
evils such as child marriages, dowry            stitions or die-hard traditions? Or is it the
rape, and the practice of Sati. The prob-       patriarchal structure of society or the low
lem is that these laws are neither imple-       social status of women that is to be
mented nor enforced. Patriarchy, the            blamed? Perhaps it is the weakness of
domination of women economically, sex-          our laws, or that the protection provided
ually and culturally, is the standard in the    by the laws is so flimsy that any person
home. Women are forced to exchange              can indulge in crimes with impunity? Are
their unpaid domestic services for their        the women helpless to fight the atrocities
room and board. In this perspective,            because there are no laws to provide
marriage becomes essentially a labor            quick relief? Or, are there so many loop-
contract through which the husband con-         holes in these laws that the culprits can
trols his wife. Patriarchal social order is     manage to remain unscathed?
also responsible for discrimination and               One cause of this discrepancy is
violence against women, including               that Indian laws are biased in favor of
domestic violence, beating, torture,            men. The attitude of the society is totally
harassment and dowry death. The social          pro-male. Not only are the laws biased,
order based on putative qualities of            but the judicial system makes it impossi-
“maleness” and “femaleness” needs to            ble for women to seek justice. The sys-
be changed. Women have the same                 tem is prohibitively long and extremely
rights as men to be treated as people,          expensive. The trauma that a woman
not statistics.                                 undergoes in fighting for her legal rights
      The constitution has authorized the       is highly demoralizing. The creation of
legislatures to pass special protective         the protective laws raised initial hopes of
laws in favor of women to undo the              quick justice for women, making their
injustices done to them for ages. A large       subsequent failure more difficult to bear.
number of such laws have actually been

                                                                  WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 19
                         Crimes against women are commit-       els, the gap between the position of men
                  ted within the four walls of her house,       and women will continue to exist. It is
                  outside the house in lonely places and at     unfortunately true that a woman has,
  The only        public places right in the glare of the       even in her own home, been given a sub-
                  public. Until the late seventies dowry        ordinate role to play. She is expected to
        role      deaths were camouflaged as accidental         cater to the comforts of the family as a
                  deaths and the culprits could not be pun-     dutiful daughter, loving mother, obedient
    women         ished. It was very difficult to get legally   daughter-in-law and faithful and submis-
                  accepted proofs of this heinous crime.        sive wife. The only role she is not
      aren t      The culprits planned the brutal murders       allowed to play is as a human being on
                  meticulously in the privacy of their          par with her male partner. The society
   allowed        homes. Quite often husbands created           has made her dependent on father, moth-
                  conditions where the bride was left with      er, husband or son. In order to usher in
  to play is
                  no other option but to commit suicide,        gender equity, all this must change.
       as a       leaving the husband free to marry again.            Another factor necessary for the
                  Wife beating is another extreme act of        emancipation of women is for them to
     human        cruelty that is highly demoralizing for       gain economic independence. Equal
                  women but still has not been declared         emphasis must be laid on the total
  being on        an independent crime. Wife beating was        development of women, by increasing
                  once viewed as a crime of the lower           women’s awareness of their rights and
 par with a       class, but now this crime knows no barri-     responsibilities, recognizing the vital role
                  ers of caste, class, religion or socio-eco-   of women and the work they do at home
       male       nomic strata. Professionals like doctors,     and teaching skills to build economic
   partner.       judges, executives and lawyers have           independence. For this to happen, it is
                  been found to beat their wives yet the        necessary for a new social system to
                  police are reluctant to register cases        evolve. Major surgery is required; not
                  against the husbands unless this crime is     merely cosmetic charges. In Kundula
                  compounded with demands of dowry or           Bala Subrahmanyan v. State of Andhra
                  is in some way connected with property.       Pradesh, 1993 (2) SCC 684, a case of
                         In order to convert the equality of    bride burning, I wrote:
                  women in India from de jure to de facto,            Of late there has been an alarming
                  it is essential to promote education of       increase in cases relating to harassment,
                  females. Most of the women in our coun-       torture, abetted suicides and dowry
                  try are illiterate and, especially in com-    deaths of young innocent brides. This
                  parison to males, are unfamiliar with the     growing cult of violence and exploitation
                  laws and how to use them to protect           of the young brides, though it keeps on
                  themselves. Most of the time they do not      sending shock waves to the civilized
                  register a case against those persons         society whenever it happens, continues
                  who commit crimes against them. Lack of       unabated. There is a constant erosion of
                  awareness and political participation,        the basic human values of tolerance and
                  poverty, and traditional oppression and       the spirit of “live and let live.” Lack of
                  customs place an Indian women at a dis-       education and economic dependence of
                  advantage. Though violence stalks             women have encouraged the greedy per-
                  women everywhere, the law can do little       petrators of the crime. It is more disturb-
                  unless present cultural and social per-       ing and sad that in most of such
                  ceptions change. As regards the educa-        reported cases it is the women who play
                  tion of women, according to the census        a pivotal role in this crime against the
                  of 1991, the general literacy rate was        younger women, as in this case, with the
                  52.11 per cent. The female literacy rate      husband either acting as a mute specta-
                  was 39.42 per cent, as compared to the        tor or even an active participant in the
                  male literacy rate of 63.86 per cent.         crime, in utter disregard of his matrimo-
                  These figures indicate that 60 per cent of    nial obligations. In many cases, it has
                  our female population, i.e., six out of       been noticed that the husband, even
                  every ten females, still remain illiterate.   after marriage, continues to be “Mama’s
                  So long as there is a great disparity         baby” and the umbilical cord appears not
                  between male and female education lev-        to have been cut even at that stage!

       Our society needs a change of            my opinion, is better armor in cases of
heart and attitude to awaken our collec-        crime against women than long clauses
tive consciousness. If man were to              of penal provisions, containing complex
replace hatred, greed, selfishness and          exceptions and provisos.
anger with mutual love, trust and under-              Let me, however, caution that the
standing and if woman were to receive           fight for justice by females should not be
education and become economically               treated as if it is a fight against men. It is
independent, the possibility of this perni-     a fight against traditions that have
cious social evil dying a natural death         chained them — a fight against attitudes
may not only be a dream. The legisla-           that are ingrained in the society. It is a
ture, realizing the gravity of the situation,   fight against proverbial lakshman rekha,
has amended the laws and provided for           which is different for men and for
stringent punishments in certain cases.         women. Therefore it is also the man’s
For example, it has permitted the raising       responsibility to rise to the occasion.
of presumptions against an accused in           They must recognize women as equal
cases of unnatural deaths of the brides         partners in life and as individuals who
within the first seven years of their mar-      have their own identity. Society needs to
riage. The Dowry Prohibition Act was            change its perception of clear-cut gender
enacted in 1961 and has been occasion-          roles that have emerged based on the
ally amended, but this piece of social          stereotypical conventions of feminine
legislation is not enough to combat the         and masculine characteristics. It is high
pervasive evil of dowry deaths. These           time that human rights of
legislative changes are not enough: we          women are given proper
need a wider social movement that will          priority.
educate women about their rights, partic-
ularly in rural areas where women are
still largely uneducated and easily fall to
exploitation. The role of courts, under
the circumstances, assumes greater
importance; it is necessary for the courts            Versha Sharma is a
to deal with such cases in a more realis-                   lecturer of law
tic manner. A socially sensitized judge, in              in Kanpur, India.

International Criminal Court                                                                     human rights
Comes into Effect
New Venue for Women's Rights Violations
By Eva Herzer

   Human Rights violators beware!               governmental organizations came
As of April 11, 2002, impunity for the          together in 1995 to establish the
worst human rights abuses, such as              Coalition for the International Court,
genocide, crimes against humanity               which became the core group whose
and war crimes, has drastically                 hard work over more than a decade
diminished. On April 11th the 1998              brought about the first criminal court
Rome St  atute for the International            with international jurisdiction.
Criminal Court (ICC) received the               Milestone in Human Rights
required number of state ratifica-
tions to go into eff c .
Representatives from committed                    The creation of the International
governments and persistent non-                 Criminal Court is a huge milestone

                                                                  WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 21
                  in our system of international human     enforced prostitution, forced preg-
                  rights law. While the UN has creat-      nancy, enforced sterilization and
                  ed a comprehensive set of interna-       sexual violence as crimes against
                  tional human rights s  tandards and      humanity, when committed as part of
                  laws in the past 50 years, there         a widespread attack against a civil-
                  have been few enforcement mecha-         ian population. The St   atute s defini-
                  nisms and those in place are largely     tion of war crimes extends to
                  ineffective. Until this year, the        internal conflicts, rather than only
                  International Court of Justice (ICJ)     international conflicts, which is
                  was the United Nations only perma-       important for women who are victims
                  nent judicial organ. Its jurisdiction,   of grave violence in ethnic and reli-
                  however, is limited to disputes          gious conflicts within their own
                  between states and it has not had        country. In Rwanda and the former
                  the authority to pursue individual       Yugoslavia, rape, for example, was
                  criminals. The persecution of war        used as a systematic weapon to
                  crimes and crimes against humanity       humiliate and degrade women of
                  under the Geneva and Hague               specific ethnic groups .
                  Conventions has been limited to             The Rome St   atute also provides
                  exceptional ad hoc tribunals, set up     for progressive measures for the
                  by the Security Council, to address      protection of victims of gender
                  the grave crimes of the Holocaust        crimes and for gender parity among
                  and the wars in Rwanda and the for-                          ff
                                                           the judges and sta of the court.
                  mer Yugoslavia.                          The ICC will have a Victims and
                     The ICC will have jurisdiction over   W itness Unit which will provide
                  the crimes of genocide, crimes           counseling and protection. It will
                  against humanity, war crimes and         establish a victim trust fund through
                  crimes of aggression. The first          moneys obtained in forfeitures and
                  three crimes are strictly defined by     fines.
                  the 1998 Rome St    atute, but the
                  states parties of the Rome St   atute    Independent Body
                  were unable to agree on a definition
                  of the crime of aggression. As a            The ICC will be an independent
                  result, the court will not have juris-   judicial body that, unlike the
                  diction over this crime until an         International Court of Justice, can
                  agreement is reached in a Review         try individuals. The court s jurisdic-
                  Conference within the next seven         tion applies equally to all individu-
                  years.                                   als. Government official and heads
                     The Hague (1899) and Geneva            f tate will not have immunity from
                                                           o s
                  Conventions (1864 and 1949) were         prosecution, nor will an individual be
                  drafted at a time when women s           shielded from liability because he
                  issues were not on the legal agen-       committed a crime on the orders of
                  da. As a result, crimes that predomi-    a superior. These provisions are a
                  nantly affect women were not             departure from traditionally accepted
                  categorized as war crimes or as          principles of protection of govern-
                  crimes against humanity. In 1997,        ment leaders. They follow the trend
                  women s groups, which had followed       of the 90s, during which individual
                  the development of the Rome              judges started to make inroads to
                  St atute, created the Women s            sovereign immunity and the princi-
                  Caucus for Gender Justice to assure      ples of limited liability (particularly
                  that the statute encompassed crimes      Judge Garcon in Spain who prose-
                  against women and that gender was        cuted Pinochet and many other
                  included in the discussion leading to    South American leaders). This
                  the creation of the court. As a          move away from immunity is clearly
                  result of these cutting edge eff r ,
                                                    o ts   justified in light of humanity s track
                  the Rome St  atute for the ICC           record over the past 50 years.
                  defines rape, sexual slavery,            According to the Coalition for the

International Court, during that time     with the ICC in any manner. On May
period 250 conflicts occurred, which      6, 2002, the Bush administration, in
lft more than 86 million civilians        a rather unusual governmental act,
killed and caused over 170 million        formally revoked its support for the
people to lose their homes.
                                          ICC. The US s extreme reaction to
   Most of these victims have been
                                          international judicial oversight was
largely forgotten and very few of the
perpetrators were brought to justice.     probably best expressed by
   The ICC will only have jurisdiction    Representative Tom DeLay (R-TX),
over a case if a national of one of       the Republican majority Whip, who
the states parties to the St atute        on May 10, 2002 introduced a bill in
committed the crime, if a crime was       the House of Repesentatives which
committed in the territory of a state     would authorize the US president to
member, or if the UN Security              rescue any American held by the
Council refers the case specifically      ICC and which would ban arms aid
to the court. Under the principle of      to nations which ratify the Rome
complimenta i y, the ICC may only         Statute. Representative Obey (D-WI)
accept a case after the relevant          during committee discussions asked
national court demonstrated its unwill-   whether Mr. DeLay understood that
ingness or inability to prosecute the     such a rescue would mean that we
crime.                                    would be sending our troops to the
   Of the 160 states who participated     Netherlands since the ICC will be
in the Rome conference, 139 signed        located in the Hague. DeLay s con-
the St atute, which became effective      tended that he did not consider that
when the 60th state ratified it in        to be a serious issue.
A r l The US was a major player in
 pi.                                        It is ironic and tragic that the US
the conference, working hard to           seeks to portray itself as a defender
dilute the powers of the court, even      of rule of law by waging a war on
though the US made clear from the         terrorism, but is so utterly unwilling
outset that it had no intention of rat-   to cooperate with and to submit to
ifying the St atute. This caused great    the jurisdiction of an international
resentment from states working            criminal court.
earnestly to create a serious mecha-        The court will have jurisdiction
nism to enforce rule of law interna-                                    e
                                          over crimes committed aft r April 11   ,
tionally. The US, China and Israel        2002. St  ates that are parties to the
all voted against the final language      Statute will now meet to set up the
of the St atute, afraid to expose         18-member court, which is expected
themselves and their nationals to         to function by mid-2003. The impact
the jurisdiction of this international    of this court on genocide, crimes
tribunal. Subsequently, former            against humanity and war crimes will
President Clinton signed the treaty.      depend greatly on whether the many
                                          signatories to the St  atute that have
Congressional Restrictions                not yet ratified it will do so.
  In spite of President Clinton s         Whatever the future will bring in this
approval of the treaty, several acts      regard, the fact that the Rome
of Congress have contradicted him,        Statute came into effect this April
expressing strong US opposition to        and that the first permanent interna-
the ICC. Congress passed the Hyde         tional criminal court will be a reality
Amendment to the 2002 Defense             next year is a major achievement
Appropriation Act, which restricts        which will bring us closer to an
funds from being used to cooperate        international rule of law.

                                                         WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 23
                         A South African Adventure
          south africa
                         by Susan Ann Koenig

                            In January of this year I joined a        Netherlands. Deaths among the local
                         delegation of family law lawyers from        tribes worsened with the discovery of
                         across the country for a look into           diamonds and gold, as the indige-
                         another world whose people and laws          nous went from being displaced from
                         are as diverse and fascinating as the        their land to being used for cheap
                         landscape its l .                            labor in the mines.
                            I was one of eleven women who                In 1913, shortly after the formation
                         accepted an invitation from People to        of the Union of South Africa with its
                         People International to exchange              whites only parliament, the Natives
                         knowledge about
                         family law and cul-
                         ture. We met with
                         law firms, law
                         school profession-
                         als, and govern-
                         ment officials in
                         Johannesburg and
                         Capetown, South
                            People to People
                         has promoted inter-
                         national under-
                         standing and
                         goodwill around the
                         world for over 40
                         years. While pa t c-
                         ipation was by invi-
                         tation, I suspect
                         that little more than
                         my membership in
                         the Family Law                 W omen and children at a day care center in Soweto.
                         Section of the
                         American Bar
                         Association and my willingness to            Land Act was passed. This law
                         leave a Nebraska winter for two              forced Africans to live in one of ten
                         weeks of summer in another hemi-             designated areas, known as
                         sphere qualified me to go.                    Homelands.      The painful parallel to
                                                                      our own country s banishment of
                         A History Lesson                             Native Americans to reservations was
                                                                      unmistakable      isolation coupled
                            The Dutch were the first to come to       with a lack of education, jobs, and
                         South Africa, which had been home            adequate resources.
                         to indigenous people for thousands of
                         years. Thereafter the British took
                                                                      Apartheid Becomes Law
                         control of the Cape, which was highly
                         valued by the Dutch for its location            Despite decades of protest from polit-
                         between the West Indies and the              ical organizations, unions, and the for-

eign governments, in 1948 the National           Unemployment in South Africa is
Party won the election on an apartheid        shockingly high, and the crime rate
 l tform. Thereafter a series of laws
pa                                            reflected the desperation of the peo-
were passed to keep the minority whites       ple. Street after street of the homes
in absolute control of all forms of power.    in Johannesburg reflected the fear of
                                                                                        W e saw
Laws stripped the majority blacks of          crime felt by its people. Tall walls,     few black
 hi ih                               rvl
t e r r g ts to vote, own property, t a e ,   fences with barbed wire, security sys-
and marry outside of their race.              tems and guards were a common             lawyers
Government registration according to          sight, even for modest homes.
race was mandated by law.                                                               during our
                                              Law Firm Hospitality
The Struggle Turns the Tide                                                             visit, yet
                                                 Our first official meeting was with
   Courageous battles to end                  the Johannesburg family law firm of       another
apartheid continued on for decades.           Joffe and Garb. The mid-morning
Protesters were threatened, assault-          feast they served looked like a scene     reminder of
ed, arrested, killed or imprisoned.           out of a European bakery window cel-
The two leading organizations fight-          ebrating a holiday. Trays of cakes,       how recent-
ing against apartheid     the Pan             pastries, cheesecake, breads and
                                                                                        ly apartheid
Africanist Congress and the African           jams, chocolate desserts, cookies,
National Congress      were banned.           and sweets of every type covered          ended in
The movement went underground.                every inch of the tables at which we
The government declared a state of            sat.                                      South Africa.
emergency, which further expanded                W e received our first lesson in the
police powers. The world finally              distinction between the role of the
began to take notice of what was               attorney and the advocate under
happening in South Africa as the gov-         the South African system. Clients
ernment became increasingly violent.          maintain relationships with the attor-
South Africans, including students ,          ney, who does not appear in court.
continued to fight against apartheid.         The attorney then retains the advo-
   In 1990, South African whites final-       cate who makes court appearances
ly voted for reform. Nelson Mandela           wearing a traditional black robe.
was released from his life sentence              W e visited with women practition-
in prison where he had spent 27               ers who explained the difficulty of
years. In 1994 he was elected presi-          organizing for the improvement of the
dent. The extraordinary human dis-            status of women attorneys in South
aster, as Mandela referred to it in           Africa. With the importance of equal-
his inauguration speech, was coming           ity on the basis of race being the
to a close.                                   highest priority for the country,
                                              issues for women and the law had to
Our First Look                                take a back seat for the time being.
                                                 W e saw few black lawyers during
   Johannesburg was the first city in         our visit, yet another reminder of how
which we saw the impact of the history        recently apartheid ended in South
of South Africa on her people. As             Africa.
apartheid as law came to an end, busi-
nesses fled downtown, citing increasing
                                              Challenges in Family Law in a
crime and fear. Though once a thriving
city of over 10 million, Johannesburg         Changing South Africa
now has empty and shabby buildings at           At the University of Pretoria we
ts center. What were once luxury              visited with lawyers, advocates and
hotels now have signs hanging from the        law professors. At the High Court,
upper story windows advertising the low       we met with the Chief Family
rates. Few whites were seen on the            Advocate from the Ministry of Justice,
downtown streets in a city where for          who is also the Central Authority for
decades blacks were forbidden from            the Hague Convention.
entering the city without a work permit.

                                                             WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 25
                                                             skin. The discrimination continued
                     A family advocate is assigned to        even behind the prison walls, where
                  family law matters involving children.     Black prisoners were ordered to
                  Each is both a lawyer and a social         receive less food than the Whites.
                  worker. The South African                     W e saw penguins playing in the
                  Constitution provides for protection of    sand at Capetown and baboons in
                  the best interests of the child. The       intercourse on top of a car. We e-
                  office of the Family Advocate over-        mailed home photos of ourselves
                  sees cases to work toward this goal.       standing atop Cape Point, where the
                     The Germiston Justice Center just       Atlantic and Indian Oceans meet.
                  outside of Johannesburg serves as a        W e enjoyed beautiful sculptures of
                  combination legal services and public      figures of women in the lush botani-
                  defender office. Representation of         cal gardens, and sipped liqueur made
                  the indigent in criminal, land dispute,    from the marula trees. We learned
                  and family law matters is provided.        South African songs from our driver
                  Challenges for this agency include         and guide on a long bus ride through
                  the lack of pro bono contribution by       the countryside, as we proudly taught
                  the private bar, the increasing stream     them our favorites and Peter, Paul &
                  of immigrants needing services, the        Mary ballads.
                  mobility of the population, and the           W e learned that most women wear
                  poverty resulting from the extremely        kr
                                                             s i ts below the knee and most mar-
                  high unemployment.                         ried women cover their heads. I had
                     In Captetown we visited the             a chance to eat fried worms and tasty
                  W omen s Rights Project at the Legal       impala. For most of this group of
                  Resource Center. Under apartheid,                                        iut o
                                                             family law lawyers, it is diff c l t
                  three million people were removed          imagine a better way to experience
                  from their land. The LRC assists           the lessons of the law, the land, and
                  people in making claims for restitu-       the people of a fascinating and
                  t o . The Women s Rights Project           courageous country.
                  focuses on violence against women
                  and child support, among other                         st
                                                             A Precious Vii
                  issues of concern. Most of the fund-
                                                               The most profound experience of
                  ing for this project comes from the
                                                             the trip for me came during our aft r-
                  United St ates.
                                                             noon in Soweto.
                                                               Under apartheid, the ban on blacks
                  Spectacular Sights, Every Day              entering Johannesburg led to the
                  Life, and Memorable Moments                development of black townships on
                     Each day in South Africa brought        the outside of the city, including
                  some new wonderful discovery or            Soweto, a township of over four mil-
                  lesson.                                    lion people. P.J., our guide from
                     At Kruger National Park, a clever       Soweto, shared reflections of his life
                  monkey snatched a muffin from the          experience as a young man who had
                  lawyer who turned her face. We took        grown up as a witness to the anti-
                  countless photographs of the elegant       apartheid movement.
                  g r ffes, the herd of zebras spotted
                   ia                                          I had been anxious to get away
                  during the night safari, and the plenti-   from our lovely hotel situated among
                  ful impala, a lovely deer-like creature.   the homes of the wealthier whites. I
                     W e visited the prison at Robben        felt I was getting my first opportunity
                  Island, where Nelson Mandela spent         to see another dimension of South
                  his 27 years. Our guide was a for-         Africa as we strolled down the open-
                  mer political prisoner, reminding us       air market where the locals came to
                  that Mandela was just one of count-        shop and visit. We saw shacks that
                  less numbers who were tortured and         made homes for thousands stretched
                  jailed for exercising their most basic     as far as the eye could see.
                  human rights or for the color of their     Cardboard or scraps of metal made

the four walls of these tiny homes       a year.
that lined row after row. Community         Upon entering this humble place, I
 o l ts
t i e and water spigots supplied by      was overcome by all of the emotions
the government provided the only         that my trip to South Africa carried
plumbing for this neighborhood.          for me: the shame of my country for          I was
   It was here that we visited the one   not doing more to end apartheid; the         overcome
room day care center. I sparse fur-      awe of the people who gave their
nishings, the little boy with one shoe   lives for the freedom of others; the         by e m o-
off, and the generosity of the care      sorrow for the suffering of so many;
provider in allowing her photo to be     the humility I felt in having done so        tions: the
taken reminded me of the wealth of       little for a world that needing so
my homeland that I take for granted      much healing. I felt embarrassed by          shame of
every day.                               this rush of emotion and tried to hide
   Many of the homes in Soweto are       my tears. It was difficult to avert my       my      country
what is referred to as four housing,     face as our small group filled each of
a sitting room, kitchen, and two bed-    the four small rooms in succession.
                                                                                      for not
rooms. Extended family members           As our rather serious guide finished         doing more
                                                                 explaining the
                                                                 various trea-        to end
                                                                 sures in the final
                                                                 room, the others     apartheid
                                                                 began to file
                                                                 out. I lingered      and the awe
                                                                 t take a photo
                                                                 of a colorful
                                                                                      of the
                                                                 women s rights       people who
                                                                 poster on the
                                                                 wall, but the        gave their
                                                                 tears that would
                                                                 not stop coming      lives for the
                                                                 prevented me
                                                                 from seeing          freedom of
                                                                 through the lens.
                                                                 In an instant the    others.
                                                                 young black
                                                                 guide came over
                                                                 and put her
                                                                 arms around me
                                                                 saying, It s a l
   Our People to People International exchange group
                                                                 right, Sister.
               at the Cape of Good Hope.
                                                                 W ith this, of
                                                                 course, any pre-
often live in these small homes, and     tense of being a professional on an
at night every room becomes a bed-       official visit was lost, and I sobbed.
room and every bit of floor space, a     She took me aside and we visited for
bed.                                     a time. Mostly she made me feel as
  W e visited the small four-room        though I need not say anything, for
home of Nelson and Winnie Mandela.       we both understood.
Nelson had only lived there a short         In that moment we shared in the
time before he was arrested. Winnie      sorrow, and we shared in the hope.
continued to live in the home during
Nelson s years of imprisonment.                Susan Ann Koenig is an attorney in
There she organized and led thou-            Omaha, Nebraska where she practices
sands of others in the fight against                   s
                                          family law, e tate planning, and gay and
apartheid, often being permitted to       lesbian rights. She teaches Women and
visit her husband only once or twice        the Law at Creighton University School
                                               of Law. Susan writes and lectures on

                                                           WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 27
               N AW L                N E T W O R K I N G                          D I R E C TO RY
Concentrations Key                   The NAWL Networking Directory is a service for NAWL members to provide career and
Ad       Administrative              business networking opportunities within the Association. Inclusion in the directory is an
Adm      Admiralty                   option available to all members, and is neither a solicitation for clients nor a representa-
App      Appellate Appeals
At       Antitrust                   tion of specialized practice or skills. Areas of practice concentration are shown for net-
AttMa    Attorney Malpractice        working purposes only. Individuals seeking legal representation should contact a local
Ba       Banks & Banking             bar association lawyer referral service.
Bd       Bonds, Municipal
Bky      Bankruptcy, Creditors
Bu       Business
CA       Class Actions               ALABAMA                          Palos Verdes                    FLORIDA
Ch       Child; Custody; Adoption    Birmingham                       Kathleen T. Schwallie           Boca Raton
Ci       Civil; Civil Rights
C        Collections                 Lisa B. Singer                   Chevalier Law Firm              Charlotte H. Danciu
Co       Corps.; Partnerships                                         18 Encanto Drive 90724
Com      Commercial                  Smith & Ely                                                      370 W Camino Gardens
Comp     Computer                    2000 A Southbridge Pkwy,         310/530-0582 Bu, Me             Blvd, Ste 210, 33432
Con      Municipalities; Takings     Ste 405 35209, Li                                                561/392-5445
Cons     Constitutional
Cs       Consumer                    205/987-0836                     South Pasadena                  Ch, Surrogacy, FL
Cont     Contracts                                                    Ellen A. Pansky
Cor      Coops; Condos
                                     Carol H. Stewart
Cr       Criminal                    Burr & Forman LLP                Pansky & Markle                 Ft. Lauderdale
DR       ADR; Arbitration            PO Box 830719                    1114 Fremont Av, 91030
De       Defense                                                                                      Caryn Goldenberg Carvo
Dis      Discrimination              35283                            213/626-7300 AttMa, Disc, Li    Carvo & Emery
Disc     Attorney Discipline         205/458-5219                                                     One Financial Plaza
Ed       Education
El       Elder Law
                                     RE, Bu, T, Li                    Walnut Creek                    Ste 2020 33394
Em       Employment; ERISA           Cary Tynes Wahlheim              Renee Walze Livingston          954/524-4450
Ent      Entertainment
Env      Environmental               Burr & Forman LLP                Livingston Tate, LLP            Com Li, Matrimonial, RE
Eth      Ethics                      PO Box 830719                    1600 S. Main St., Ste 130
F        Federal Courts              35283
Fi       Finance or Planning                                          94596                           Miami
FL       Family Law                  205/458-5142 H, Li, Ad           925/287-8728                    Jennifer Coberly
Fo       Foreclosure, Creditors
Fr       Franchising; Distribution                                    Lauren E. Tate                  Zuckerman, Spaeder, Taylor
GP       General Practice            CALIFORNIA                       Livingston Tate, LLP            & Evans
GC       Government Contracts
Gu       Guardianship                Los Angeles                      1600 S. Main St., Ste 130       201 S Biscayne Blvd, Ste
H        Health                      Gloria R. Allred                 94596                           900, 33131
I        Immigration                                                  925/287-8728                    305/579-0110
Ins      Insurance                   6300 Wilshire Blvd
Int      International & Customs     Ste 1500, 90048                                                  Em, Com Li, Int, Tel
IP       Intellectual Property                                        CONNECTICUT
         (C-copyright; P-patents;    213/653-6530
         TM-trademark; TS-trade      Em(Pl), Dis, FL                  New Haven                       Ocala
La       Labor                       Rochelle Browne                  Ellen J. Beardsley              Martha Johnston
Ld       Landlord, Tenant            333 So Hope St, 38th Fl          Tyler Cooper & Alcorn LLP       P.O. Box 4116
Le       Legal Aid, Poverty                                                                           32686
Leg      Legislation                 90071                            205 Church Street
Li       Litigation                  213/626-8484                     06509                           352/207-3317
LU       Land Use                                                     203/784-8231 Bu, Mac, Sec       Equine
Mar      Maritime                    Diane Karpman
M/E      Media & Entertainment       Karpman & Associates
Me       Mediator
                                     9200 Sunset Blvd. Ph7                                            Orlando
MeMa     Medical Malpractice                                          DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
MeN      Medical Negligence          900069                                                           Ava Doppelt
N        Negligence                  310-887-3900 Eth                 Washington                      PO Box 3791
NP       Nonprofit Organizations
PI       Personal Injury             Sharon Hartmann                  Julia Louise Ernst              32802
Pr       Product Liability           3580 Wilshire Blvd. #2020        Ctr. for Reproductive Law &     407/841-2330
Pro      Probate                                                      Policy
Pub      Public Interest             90010
RE       Real Property               213/637-9800                     1146 19th St NW 7th Fl          Plantation
RM       Risk Management
                                     Ci, Li                           20170 202/530-2975
Sec      Securities                                                                                   Sonya L. Salkin
Sex      Sex Harassment; Assault
                                                                      Int Ci, Repro
                                     Old Sacramento                                                   Malnik & Salkin, PA
SS       Social Security                                              Marcia A. Wiss
Tx       Taxation                    Virginia Mueller                                                 Ste 216, 1776 N Pine Island
T        Tort                                                         Hogan & Hartson LLP             Rd, 33322
TA       Trade Associations          106 L Street                     555 Thirteenth St NW
U        Utilities—Oil & Gas         95814                                                            954/423-4469
W        Wills, Estates & Trusts
                                                                      20004-1109                      Bky, Com, Ci, Li
                                     916/446-3063                     202/637-5600
WC       White Collar
WD       Wrongful Death              FL, Pro                          Int, Fi
Wo       Workers’ Compensation
Wom      Women’s Rights

            N AW L            N E T W O R K I N G                          D I R E C TO RY

Tampa                         Tinley Park                    LOUISIANA                      Farmington Hills
Arlene E. Acord               Rachel Busch-Rubalcava         New Orleans                    Nina Dodge Abrams
Gardner Wilkes Shaheen &      16825 S. 84th Ave              Lynn M. Luker                  30300 Nrthwstrn Hwy,
Candelova                     60477                          Luker, Sibal & McMurtray       Ste 112 48334
3421 S Drexel Ave             312/829-0673                   616 Girod St, Ste 200 70130    810/932-3540 FL
33629                                                        504/525-5500 Mar, T, Dis, CA
813/221-8000                  INDIANA                                                       Grand Rapids
Ci, Em, La, Li                Valpairaso                     MARYLAND                       Elizabeth Bransdorfer
                              Lauren K. Kroeger              Rockville                      Mika Meyers Beckett &
West Palm Beach                                                                             Jones PLC
                              Hoeppner, Wagner & Evans,      Jo Benson Fogel
Victoria A. Calebrese         LLP                                                           200 Ottawa Av NW
                                                             5900 Hubbard Dr, 20852
Lewis Kapner, PA              103 E. Lincoln Way 46384                                      Ste 700, 49503
                                                             301/468-2288 FL
250 Australian Ave So,        219/464-4961, Li                                              616/459-3200 Com Li, RE Li,
33401                                                                                       FL
                              Prof. JoEllen Lind             MASSACHUSETTS
561/655-3000 FL                                                                             Jennifer L. Jordan
                              School of Law Valparaiso U.
                                                             Boston                         Miller, Johnson, Snell &
                              656 Greenwich Street
GEORGIA                       46383                          Leigh-Ann M. Patterson         Cummiskey
Atlanta                       219/465-7861                   Nixon Peabody LLP              P.O. Box 306, 49501-0306
                                                             101 Federal St 02110           616/831-1778
Beryl B. Farris               Karen M. Read
                                                             617/345-1258                   La, Em
Beryl B. Farris Immigration   Hoeppner, Wagner & Evans,
                                                             App, Com Li, LU Li             Jennifer Puplava
Law                           LLP
55 Marietta St NW             103 E Lincoln Way 46384                                       Mika Meyers Beckett &
Ste 1402, 30303               219/464-4961 Ins De, Li, PI,   Dedham                         Jones PLC
404/659-4488 I                Pr, Wo                         Faith F. Driscoll              200 Ottawa Av NW
                                                             14 Carlisle Rd, 02026          Ste 700, 49503
                              William F. Satterlee III
                                                             781-326-6645 IP                616/459-3200
ILLINOIS                      Hoeppner, Wagner & Evans,
                                                                                            Bu, Li, IP, GC
Chicago                       LLP
                              103 E. Lincoln Way 46384       New Bedford
Patricia A. Collins                                                                         Lansing
                              219/465-7005 Me, Li            Susan Maloney
Asher Gittler, Greenfield &
                                                             227 Union St, Rm 611           Janis L. Blough
D’Alba, Ltd
125 S Wacker Dr               IOWA                           02740                          3000 W Michigan Ave,
Ste 1100, 60606               Des Moines                     508/789-0724                   48917-2917
312/263-1500 DR, Dis, Em,                                                                   517/482-4815 Ch, FL, Cr
                              Roxanne Barton Conlin
La, Sex, Ci                                                  Norwood                        Julie Hill
                              Roxanne Conlin & Assoc.
Stephanie A. Scharf           319 7th St., Ste 600           Margaret B. Drew               900 Long Blvd., #800
Jenner & Block                50309                          477 Washington St, 02062       48911
One IBM Plaza 60611           515/282-3333                   617/255-9595                   517/699-2128
312/923-2884                  PI, MeN, Dis, Disc, Li, N,     Pro, W, FL, RE                 Em, Com, RE, Li
Pr, Ci Li                     Sex, T, WD
Mary K. Schulz                                               Randolph                       MINNESOTA
Schulz & Associates, PC       KANSAS                         Rebecca J. Gagne               Minneapolis
135 S LaSalle St,             Wichita                        77 Washington St, 02062
                                                                                            Susan A. Miller
Ste 2300 60603                Amy J. Liebau                  617/255-9595
                                                                                            Tomsche Sonnesyn &
312/580-1224                  Hinkle Elkouri LLC             FL
                                                                                            Tomsche, PA
Com, Bky                      201 N Main Street, Ste 2000,                                  888 Lumber Exch. Bldg.
                              62702                          MICHIGAN                       10 S. 5th Street 55402
Debra L. Suchor               316/684-4908 Ta Li, H          Detroit                        612/338-4449
Assoc. General Counsel                                       Margaret A. Costello           MISSISSIPPI
222 S Riverside Plaza,        KENTUCKY                       Dykema Gossett
                              Louisville                                                    Biloxi
6th Flr 60606                                                400 Renaissance Ctr, 48243
312/648-7714                  Maria A. Fernandez             313/568-5306 Li, Int           Clare S. Hornsby
Bu, Ins, Li                   Fernandez Friedman                                            Sekul, Hornsby, Tisdale &
                              Grossman & Kohn                                               Baker
                              2400 National City Tower,                                     PO Box 548, 39533
                              101 S. Fifth St., 40202                                       601/374-5566
                              502/589-1001 W, Tx, Pro, Bu                                   FL, W, Gu

                                                                       WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 29
             N AW L            N E T W O R K I N G                         D I R E C TO RY

Jackson                        New York                     Hamilton                        SOUTH CAROLINA
Kristina Johnson               Leona Beane                  Barbara L. Morgenstern          Columbia
Watkins Ludlam Winter &        Rm 1100, 11 Park Pl, 10007   Morgenstern & Gates Co., LPA    Karen A. Crawford
Stennis, PA                    212/608-0919                 604 First National Bank Bldg,   Nelson, Mullins, Riley &
PO Box 427, 39205              Gu, Pro, W                   45011                           Scarborough, LLP
601/949-4785                   Martha E. Gifford            513/893-6122 GP                 P.O. Box 11070
Bky, Com Li                    Proskauer Rose LLP                                           29211
                               1585 Broadway, 18th Fl       Worthington                     803/376-9513
NEBRASKA                       10036                        Mary Jo Cusack                  Env Li
Omaha                          212/969-3490                 5565 N. High St. 43085          Catherine H. Kennedy
Susan Ann Koenig               At, Cr, Li, Mac              614/880-0888                    P.O. Box 11070
319 S. 17th St, Ste 740                                     Pro, FL, PI, App                29211
65102                          NORTH CAROLINA                                               803/255-9402, DR, Pro, Li
402/346-1132                   Raleigh                      OKLAHOMA                        Zoe Sanders Nettles
FL, C, Wom
                               Leto Copeley                 Tulsa                           Nelson, Mullins, Riley &
                               P.O Box 27927                Kathleen Waits                  Scarborough, LLP
NEW HAMPSHIRE                                                                               P.O. Box 11070
                               27611                        University of Tulsa
Manchester                     919/755-1812                 College of Law                  29211
Jo Ann Brighton                Ci, Wo, PI                   3120 E 4th Pl 74104             803/376-9513
Nixon Peabody LLP                                           918/631-2450                    Mt. Pleasant
889 Elm St, 03101              Research Triangle Park       DoVi, Cont, Eth                 Kathleen McMahon
603/628-4000                   Susan J. Giamportone                                         Harelston
Bky, No                        Womble Carlyle Sandridge &   PENNSYLVANIA                    The Harelston Law Firm
                               Rice                         Bethlehem                       909 Tall Pine Road 29464
NEW JERSEY                     PO Box 13069                                                 843/971-9453 IP
                                                            Joanne Kelhart
Madison                        27709
                                                            44 E. Broad Street
Carlotta M. Budd               919/316-4243 - T Li
Budd & Gardner                 OHIO                                                         TENNESSEE
                                                            610-691-7000, Li
2 Shunpike Rd 07940            Cincinnati                                                   Knoxville
201/822-3778                                                Philadelphia
                               Berti Garcia Helmick
RE, Tx, W                                                                                   Jennifer A. Jenkins
                               1328 Delta Ave               Doris J. Dabrowski
                               45208 FL                                                     Stone & Hinds PC
                                                            123 S. Broad St Ste 1210
Roseland                       513/421-7300                                                 507 Gay St SW, Ste 700
Geralyn G. Humphrey                                                                         H, Em
Orloff, Lowenbach, Stifelman   Cleveland                    Ad, App, Ci, Cont, Dis, Em,
& Siegel                                                    FL, H, Pro, W                   Nashville
                               Kathleen B. Havener
101 Eisenhower Pky 07068                                    Leslie Anne Miller              Nancy Krider Corley
                               Hahn Loeser & Parks LLP
973/622-6200                                                McKissock & Hoffman, PC         20th Flr., 1st American
                               3300 BP Tower
Bky, Cont Co, Com                                           1700 Market St, Ste 3000,       Center
                               200 Public Square 44114
                               216/274-2297 Li              19103, 215/246-2106             PO Box 198525, 37219
Westmont                                                    App, Ci Li, Me/ADR              615/244-5432 Em, Ins, Li, PI,
                               Columbus                                                     T, Wo, Li
Karen A. McGuinness                                         Jeanne Wrobleski
Brown & Connery LLP            Beatrice K. Sowald           Jean Wrobleski & Assoc.
P.O. Box 539                   400 S Fifth St, Ste 101      1845 Walnut St. 24th Fl.        TEXAS
08108                          43215                        19103
                               614/464-1877 FL, Pro                                         San Antonio
609/854-8900 Li                                             215/814-9320
                                                                                            Cynthia Hujar Orr
                                                                                            Goldstein Goldstein & Hilly
Ghent                          Elizabeth M. Stanton         Pittsburgh                      310 S St. Mary’s, Ste 2900,
                               Chester Wilcox & Saxbe                                       78205
Vivian R. Drohan                                            Marlene J. Bernstein
                               17 South High St, Ste 900                                    210/226-1463
P.O. Box 539                                                1133 Penn Av, 5th FI, 15222
                               614-334-6189                                                 Cr, App
12075, Bu, Li                                               412/456-8105
                               Em, Ed, Dis, La, LU

Interview                                    with the basic needs of human kind.
                                             My reality, as an American, is that I
continued from page 18                       have to decide whether to have a
I want to see trees growing again, I         cafØ latte or coffee. It is important
want the children to have an oppor-          to understand that difference in
tunity to receive an education, get          realities in order to be able to help
rid of ignorance. I am looking for           effectively.
people who have experience in rec-
onciliation work who can give me             M E: I would say that women lawyers
some guidance on how to start. I am          could undertake letter writing cam-
hoping to start with my own village.         paigns and ask their Congress mem-
W e need reconciliation, hospitals           bers to support a substantial
and food. I hope to meet with a              increase in peacekeepers.
small group of villagers and move
forward from there. It s a sta t i s
                              r, t           E H: The Feminist Majority website
never too late. Many Afghans here            makes that very easy, they have let-
dismiss my hopes and tell me good            ters to this effect that can be sent
luck with the reconciliation but             right off the webside in less than a
some are willing to start with pro-          couple of minutes! I ll encourage
j c such as creating a library.
 e ts                                        N AW L members to do so by going to
                                             w w w.feminist.org/afghan/intro.asp
E H: What do you think individuals in        Thank you very much, Melody and
the US can do to help?                                                          o ts
                                             Latifa, for your time and your eff r
                                             and good luck to both of you.
L P: Education is very important,
people need to know what is hap-
pening in Afghanistan. My request to
you is to make it clear that it is
important not to confuse our reality
with their reality. The reality of the
Afghan people today is that they
want to go to sleep and wake up
tomorrow alive. The reality of a
         o n tance, is to provide a
father, f r i s
meal for his kids. They are dealing

N AW L              N E T W O R K I N G                   D I R E C TO RY

WISCONSIN                    MEXICO                          UNITED KINGDOM
Superior                     Estela Rodriguez Botello        Margaret Bennett
Kristin M. Watson            Legarreta Y Asociados           Margaret Bennett Solicitors
Hendricks Knudson Gee        Carretera Picacho Ajusco        Charlton House
1507 Tower Ave., Ste 312     Col Jardines en la Montana      5A Bloomsbury Square
54880 - 715/394-7751         CP 14210                        London England
Ed, Ins, Li, Pro, RE                                         WCIA 2LX
                                                             +44 17/404-6465
Lori Duffy
Weir & Foulds
130 King St West Ste 1600
M5X 1J5
416/947-5009 ComRE, W

                                                             WOMEN LAWYERS JOURNAL — FALL 2002 • 31
                        For the People
        Tune in to Lifetime Television's new original drama series, “For the
    People,” which airs on Sundays at 10PM ET/PT. This series addresses
      legal issues important to women and their families, and encourages
      women to enter the legal profession. Chief Deputy Assistant District
    Attorney Camille Paris’ (Lea Thompson) professional life is profoundly
   shaken when conservative District Attorney Lora Gibson (Debbi Morgan)
       is elected and becomes her new boss. Lora's ideology — and the
    officials she appoints — clash with Camille's liberal views. Set in Los
    Angeles, “For the People” takes a look at the chaotic professional and
      personal lives of strong, passionate women on opposite ends of the
         political spectrum who share the same goal of justice. For more
     information visit http://www.lifetimetv.com/shows/ftpeople/index.html.

American Bar Association
National Association of Women Lawyers
750 N. Lake Shore Drive, MS 12.4
Chicago, IL 60611-4497

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