Meningococcal Meningitis MENINGOCOCCAL MENINGITIS Molly Hanchuruck INTRODUCTION

Document Sample
Meningococcal Meningitis MENINGOCOCCAL MENINGITIS Molly Hanchuruck INTRODUCTION Powered By Docstoc
					MENINGOCOCCAL MENINGITIS
Molly Hanchuruck
INTRODUCTION
   Bacterial form of meningitis
       Infection of the lining that surrounds the brain and spine
   First described in 1805 when outbreak swept through
    Geneva, Switzerland
       Bacteria identified 1887
 Only humans
 Considered Medical Emergency

 Gram Negative
CAUSE
   Neisseria meningitidis
       12 serogroups, 5 cause epidemics (A, B, C, W135, X)
   Transmitted- kissing, coughing, sneezing, living in close areas
SYMPTOMS
                         •   5-10 % of patients die-
 Stiff neck                 within 24-48 hours
 High fever             •   Some may have brain
 Sensitivity to light       damage, hearing loss, or
 Confusion
                             learning disability 10-20%
                             of survivors
 Headaches
                         •   Symptoms can develop
 Vomiting                   over several hours, or take
 Nausea                     1-2 days to fully develop.
 Sleepiness
DIAGNOSIS
   Growing bacteria from a sample of spinal fluid
       Fluid obtained from spinal tap (lumbar puncture)
 Bacteria sometimes seen in exams of spinal fluid
 Diagnosis supported/confirmed growing bacteria from
  spine fluid or blood
       Agglutination test
       Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
TREATMENT
 Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccines available to
  control disease
 Admission to hospital or heath care center is necessary

 Antibiotics
SUMMARY
 Gram negative bacteria that affects your spinal
  cord and brain
 Neisseria meningitidis- 5 serogroups cause
  epidemics
 Symptoms develop over several hours to several
  days
 Diagnosed by a spinal tap

 Treated with antibiotics

 No definite prevention
BIBLIOGRAPHY
 http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs141/en/inde
  x.html
 http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/faq.html

 http://www.buddycom.com/bacteria/gnc.html

 http://www.healthscout.com/ency/68/354/main.html

 http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/N.meningitidis.jpe
  g
 http://www.answers.com/topic/agglutination-test

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:11
posted:11/3/2011
language:English
pages:8