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SLEEP APNEA Sleep Apnea By

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									    Sleep Apnea
        By Brian Kravitz
Troy University School of Nursing
          Spring 2008
            What is Sleep Apnea?

   Sleep Apnea is a cessation or pause from breathing
    during sleep.


   These pauses can last from 10 – 30 seconds.


   There can be upwards of 400 of these pauses during a
    single nights sleep.

                                                           2
      What Are The Risk Factors?
   Anyone can be at risk for Sleep Apnea:
     African   Americans

     Caucasians


     Native    Americans

     Elderly


                                             3
        More About Risk Factors
   People who snore excessively

   People with cardiac problems

   People that are obese or overweight

   Individuals with pre-existing respiratory
    disorders

                                                4
     Population With Sleep Apnea


   Over 12 million people suffer from Sleep
    Apnea.

   That equates to 1 in 5 individuals.

   This brings us to roughly 4% of middle-aged
    adults.

                                                  5
       What Causes Sleep Apnea?
   A complete or partial obstruction of the airway
   An enlarged uvula
   Insufficient room in the mouth for the tongue




                                                      6
    Complications If Left Untreated
   Since Sleep Apnea deals primarily with the
    respiratory system the following can be
    complications:
         Stroke or CVA

         Cardiac Arrest or arrhythmias

         Respiratory Distress or Arrest

         Exhaustion

         Daytime Sleepiness

         Poor work/school performance
                                                 7
          Available Treatments


   Muscle Relaxant Medications

   Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
    device

   Surgery

                                                 8
               What is CPAP?
   CPAP or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
    mask, is a device that sends forced moisturized
    air into the patients nose/mouth.
   It prevents the body from forgetting to breathe
    or having an apneic episode.




                                                      9
            Surgical Candidates
   Usually younger patients that cannot tolerate
    CPAP

   Patients with jawbones that prevent the tongue
    from seating properly in the mouth

   Morbidly obese patients may have bariatric
    surgery to lose weight

                                                     10
         Sleep Apnea Physician’s
   Discuss your sleep patterns with your primary
    care physician.

   Generally a referral to a Pulmonologist is
    needed.

   A referral to a physician that specializes in sleep
    medicine may be more appropriate.

                                                          11
         Sleep Apnea Resources
   Obstructive Sleep Apnea

   Sleep Apnea Information and Resources

   Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Implications for
    Cardiac and Vascular Disease

   Sleep Apnea

                                                12
Sweet Dreams

								
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