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					                                       WHITFIELD
                                                DOVER

                             PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE



                           DESIGN & ACCESS STATEMENT




R A/5498 - November 2010
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                               PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

      CONTENTS
      1.0 Introduction – Barton Willmore                                                   3
      2.0Vision for Whitfield                                                              5
      3.0 Planning Context                                                                 7
      4.0 Context Analysis                                                                 9
       4.1 Site Location and Connections                                                  10
       4.2 Character and Surrounding Area
            Existing Land Use and Public Rights of Way in the Area Surrounding the Site   12
       4.3 Ecology - Aspect Ecology                                                       20
       4.4 Built Environment                                                              21
       4.5 Access and Movement                                                            22
                                                                                                                      Duncan Thomas
       4.6 Utility Services                                                               22
       4.7 Flood Risk and Surface Water Drainage                                          24
       4.8 Noise                                                                          24
      5.0 Design Concept                                                                  25
       5.1 Masterplan                                                                     26
       5.2 Design Principles                                                              28
       5.3 Background – Development of Concept                                            28
       5.4 Public Consultation                                                            30   PROJECT TEAM
       5.5 Lands Use                                                                      31
                                                                                               Developer                           Transportation
       5.6 Scale of Development                                                           32   Phillip Jeans Homes Ltd             Peter Brett Associates
       5.7 Character Areas and Components                                                 33
                                                                                               Project Manager                     Environmental & Sustainability Consultants
       5.8 Materials and Appearance                                                       36   Barton Willmore                     Peter Brett Associates
      6.0 Access Strategy                                                                 37   Masterplanners and Architects       Utilities and Flood Risk
      7.0 Landscape Strategy                                                              41   ADAM Urbanism                       Peter Brett Associates
      8.0 Sustainability Strategy                                                         51   Planning Consultants                Ecology
                                                                                               Barton Willmore                     Aspect Ecology
      9.0 Delivery                                                                        55
      10.0 Conclusion                                                                     58   Strategic Landscape Architect       Public Consultation
                                                                                               Duncan Thomas                       Meeting Place Communications
                                                                                               Landscape Architects
                                                                                               Barton Willmore




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WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                     1.0 INTRODUCTION
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                   PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

    1.0 INTRODUCTION
    This Design and Access Statement (DAS) supports an outline planning
    application from Phillip Jeans Homes Ltd (‘the Applicant’) for Phase 1a
    of the Whitfield Urban Expansion (WUE) Consultation Draft Masterplan
    SPD (September 2010) (‘the WUE SPD’).

    The submitted planning application is inextricably linked to a corre-
    sponding outline planning application for Phase 1 of the WUE, for which
    a separate DAS and application package has been submitted.

    The proposals for Phase 1a of the WUE seek outline planning permis-
    sion for the construction of a new community hub/District Centre to
    the north of Sandwich Road comprising BRT hub, a health and social
    care centre (Class D1) and a police office (Class B1) totalling up to 1,900
    sq.m; retail space (Class A1 – A3) and employment space (Class B1a)
    totalling up to 2,725 sq.m; and 100 no. 2 – 5 bed residential units in-
    cluding 6 no. Supported Living Units (Class C3). Outline permission is
    also sought for the provision of Learning and Community Campus to in-
    corporate a secondary energy centre, new 420 place 2FE primary school
    including early years provision and provision of all associated car parking,
    infrastructure and landscaping.




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WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




           2.0 VISION FOR WHITFIELD
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                            PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

    2.0 VISION FOR WHITFIELD
    DDC’s SPD vision for the WUE states:

       ‘A Cluster of Connected Villages’
       The masterplan will establish a series of linked neighbourhoods around the
       village of Whitfield and Church Whitfield, create a cluster of individual places
       each with a special character while allowing each neighbourhood to make an
       individual contribution to a unique whole. An expanded and interconnected
       Whitfield will attract and amenable place to live, work, bring up a family and
       retire. It will be a benchmark for a new methodology for the expansion of small
       existing settlements in it’s aspiration, beauty, design, standards of construction
       and reduction in carbon consumption.



    The District Centre will provide a new northern focus for the village adding
    much-needed facilities, generous new public space and a transport hub combined
    with a mixture of new housing to provide character and twenty-four hour use.
    The new uses will serve the existing village and in time provide a common focus
    for the village and the new neighbourhoods. The new ‘hub’ will have its own
    distinct character and new building functions but will be in keeping with the
    character of the village.




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WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




             3.0 PLANNING CONTEXT
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                 PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

    3.0 PLANNING CONTEXT
    Dover District Council’s Core Strategy was adopted by Dover District
    Council on 24th February 2010. The approval comes after the Planning
    Inspector’s decision that the Core Strategy as submitted by Dover was
    sound.

    An area of proposed development around Whitfield, called The Whit-
    field Urban Expansion Area was approved as a strategic allocation within
    the Core Strategy for circa 5,750 new dwellings and mixed use develop-
    ment under Policy CP11 – ‘The Managed Expansion of Whitfield’. The
    explanatory text to Policy CP11 states that:

    The site is suitable to accommodate an expansion of around 5,750 homes
    supported by a range of physical, social and green infrastructure, retail,
    small scale professional offices and other uses such as pubs, cafes and
    community facilities.

    The major purpose in design and quality terms is to create an expanded
    community at Whitfield that improves the level of local facilities and the
    way in which the settlement functions while making the major contribu-
    tion to the creation of a broader and more appealing housing market at
    Dover.

    The applicant, Dover District Council and the other developer/landown-
    ers agreed to work collaboratively to produce a master plan for the Whit-
    field Urban Expansion based on the criteria set out within the adopted
    Core Strategy and the consultation draft WUE SPD is the result of this
    process.

    This WUE SPD has been the subject of formal consultation since 4th
    October 2010. Consultation expires on 29th November 2010. Subject
    to the outcomes of the consultation, the SPD will be adopted by Dover
    District Council and used to guide future development around Whitfield.
    The WUE SPD is currently at a very advanced stage and benefits from the
    findings of a comprehensive programme of community and stakeholder
    engagement. These consultation processes, set out in detail within
    the accompanying Statement of Community Engagement, have been
    fundamental in the evolution of the Phase 1a proposals. Discussions
    with a number of stakeholders, including the community and the elected
    representative group, have been extremely influential in the content of
    the submitted applications.




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               4.0 CONTEXT ANALYSIS
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                             PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     4.0 CONTEXT ANALYSIS
     4.1 SITE LOCATION AND CONNECTIONS
     This section sets out the context of the existing site and the range of          The southern part of Whitfield, although physically close to the         (formerly Archers Court Maths and Computing College) is situated
     facilities and services that are currently on offer to the existing residents.   site is on the opposite side of the A2 trunk road, is the White Cliffs   off Melbourne Avenue.
     It considers the sites relationship with its immediate neighbours and the        Business Park including a range of out of town retail uses including
     surrounding area.                                                                Tesco, Homebase and B&Q. The Dover Christ Church Academy

     The Existing Settlement
     Whitfield lies some four miles north of the centre of Dover and now
     forms a part of urban Dover. Despite this it has retained its own
     identity and character. The A2 trunk road separates the village of
     Whitfield from the reminder of the Parish. The main access point
     is at the southern end of the village, via the A2 from the Whitfield
     roundabout.
     The Parish of Whitfield covers some 700 hectares, and in 2007 the
     population was estimated at 4,400. In the 2001 Census there were
     1,810 dwellings.

     Due to its incremental development the settlement of Whitfield does
     not have a well defined centre. Instead, it has interspersed local shops
     and community facilities. Sandwich Road is the main spine to the
     settlement and is where most of the facilities are located.

     At its southern end at the junction with Archers Court Road is the
     Achers public house, a row of shops, a fast food outlet and a garage.
     These are largely supported by their proximity to the Whitfield
     roundabout.

     The small local store with post office is located at the junction with
     Bewsbury Cross Lane.

     In the middle section along its length is a doctor’s surgery with the
     Whitfield Village Hall, a fire station two care homes (one recently
     closed) and a retirement home.

     At northern end is the now closed Royal Oak public house.

     Further social and recreational facilities are located at the Whitfield
     Club and recreation ground and pavilion. The Ramada Hotel is located
     off Singledge Lane.

     There are two places of worship the St Peter’s Church at Church
     Whitfield and a Congregational Chapel. There is a single primary
     school within the main settlement.
                                                                                      Whitfield Urban Extension Area Plan



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WHITFIELD, DOVER                           PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     Site Plan




                         Facilities Plan




     Aerial Photograph
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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                               PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     4.2 CHARACTER AND SURROUNDING AREA EXISTING LAND USE
     & PUBLIC RIGHTS OF WAY IN THE AREA SURROUNDING THE SITE
     Site Context




     Site Context Plan


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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                    PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     Location                                                                         Within Whitfield itself, extensive vegetation is most notable in the          The A256, with associated vehicle movements, embankments and lighting
     Phase 1a Site is irregular in shape and located on the north-eastern edge        older, north-western area of the village where canopy species include         infrastructure currently cuts across the prevailing landscape pattern. The
     of Whitfield, bounded to the south-west by Sandwich Road; to the north-          Ash, Beech, Sycamore, Yew and Oak. Substantial hedgerows including            land to the north-east of the A256 has a remote, tranquil rural character,
     west by vegetation associated with Weighside House and a post and wire           Holly, Box, Ivy, Dogwood and Hawthorn species are also present, often         including narrow lanes and small settlements. Whilst settlements are
     fence field boundary; and to the south-east by Napchester Road and the           flanking narrow lanes and footpaths. On the western edge of the village       typically enclosed by vegetation, wide views across the area can be
     rear garden boundaries of residential properties located on the north-west       lies Lenacre Wood, a designated Ancient Woodland formed of sparse             obtained from ridgelines, adding to the sense of remoteness. However,
     side of the road. To the north-east, Phase 1a Site has an open boundary,         canopy species including Oak and Beech and an understorey including           existing development at Whitfield and on the ridgeline followed by the
     traversing an existing field.                                                    coppiced Sweet Chestnut and Hazel.                                            A2 to the south-east of Whitfield, is prominent in these long-distance
                                                                                                                                                                    views, providing an urbanising influence. The townscape of Whitfield
                                                                                      Landscape Character                                                           includes many well-used PROW and other pedestrian routes which form
     To the north-west, north-east and east of Phase 1a Site, lies open
     countryside including isolated farms, small villages and hamlets, notably        The character of the area surrounding Phase 1a Site is distinctive, with      an important part of its character.
     the small hamlet of Church Whitfield, largely enclosed by vegetation             a strong topographical and vegetative pattern extending from Whitfield
     approximately 500m to the east of Phase 1a Site.                                 to the north-east. A district level landscape character assessment was        In 2001, Oxford Archaeological Unit carried out a historic landscape
                                                                                      carried out for Dover District Council in 2006. This shows Phase 1 Site       characterisation of Kent which showed Phase 1 Site lying within the
     Topography                                                                       as being part of Landscape Character Area 10: Eythorne Arable Mosaic          Historic Landscape Character Area 24 (North Chalk Downs). The
                                                                                      with Parkland. The assessment describes the Landscape Character Area in       description of this area includes the following points of relevance to the
     The chalk geology forming the North Downs has given rise to a marked                                                                                           Assessment Site:
     and distinctive topography within and around Phase 1a Site. Whitfield lies       terms including the following:
     to the north-east of the ridgeline forming the north-eastern flank of the                                                                                      •	 “A relatively well-defined area with a distinctively different character
                                                                                      •	 “Settlements tend to be located on the higher ridges, giving way to
     valley of the River Dour, which flows south-east to the sea at Dover. The                                                                                         to its neighbours. This is primarily due to the geological chalk base
     ridgeline, along which runs the A2, reaches an elevation of approximately          wider views across open arable land;
                                                                                                                                                                       and intensive agricultural activity of the 19th and 20th centuries as
     130m at a point approximately 1.1km to the south-west of Phase 1a                •	 …Field sizes are smaller than those to the north, but continue in a           represented by the ‘prairie’ fields (HLT 1.13). The area has a strong
     Site. Perpendicular to this ridgeline, a regular series of ridgelines and          northeast-southwest pattern, often rectangular in shape. They often            linearity with an alignment running NE-SW; and
     valleys extend to the north-east, as the landscape falls steadily in elevation     become smaller and more square in shape around settlements. Native          •	 Settlement has expanded marginally over the last two centuries but
     towards the English Channel, approximately 12km to the north-east of               woodland tree belts border the fields in places; …                             not as extensively as many other areas of Kent.”
     Phase 1a Site. Whitfield lies at the ‘head’ of these ridgelines and valleys,     •	 …Narrow roads are fewer than those to the north, connecting the
     with their undulation evident in the north-eastern areas of the village.           small scattered settlements running along field boundaries in a             The study subdivided the landscape into smaller units representing
                                                                                        dominant northeast-southwest direction in co-ordination with the            Historic Landscape Types (HLTs), of which Phase 1 Site features the
     Vegetation and Habitats                                                                                                                                        HLT “Prairie Fields” (an arc extending from Singledge Manor to Church
                                                                                        contour pattern;
     The pattern of vegetation in the area surrounding Phase 1 Site reflects                                                                                        Whitfield including Phase 1a Site).
                                                                                      •	 The busier A256 cuts north-south through the area connecting
     this underlying topography. The ridges and valleys to the north-east of            Sandwich with Whitfield…;
     Whitfield are complemented by a generally regular pattern of hedgerows,                                                                                        Prairie Fields are described as generally having been created by 20th-
     dominated by Hawthorn shrub species, following the topographical                 •	 The A2, along the southern boundary, provides contrast to the narrow       century boundary loss of 19th-century or earlier enclosures. They are
     pattern of the landscape. Woodlands are commonly found on the                      country lanes throughout the heart of the character area. A straight        described as very large enclosures with edge lengths often well over
     ridgelines, accentuating the vertical enclosure of the valleys. Woodlands          Roman road runs north south, connecting Eastry and Dover;                   1000m.
     are often designated as Ancient and typically include Oak and Ash species        •	 …A network of footpaths and bridleways run throughout the fields;
     at the canopy level, with Hazel species dominant within the understorey.           and                                                                         Landscape Policy
                                                                                      •	 Views are relatively open within the character area and out towards        Policy of particular relevance to landscape and visual considerations
     The ridgeline of the A2 is more exposed, with sparser vegetation                                                                                               primarily focuses on the retention of landscape features, respect for and
                                                                                        other character areas, with the undulating landform giving rise to
     cover, although there are notable stands and lines of Pine species, often                                                                                      enhancement of landscape character, the provision of green infrastructure
                                                                                        moderate views in places of open areas of arable land with little tree
     silhouetted against the skyline. The escarpment of the downland falling                                                                                        and the retention or creation of important views.
                                                                                        cover. Enclosure is notable around settlements with built fabric,
     south-west towards Temple Ewell is covered with chalk grassland and
                                                                                        narrow roads, hedgerows and mature trees. Intermittent views from
     scrub, of which an extensive area to the south-west of the A2 is designated                                                                                    National level policy in Planning Policy Statements (PPS) 1, 3 and 7
                                                                                        settlements are relatively far reaching with a feeling of being on higher
     Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and National Nature Reserve (NNR).                                                                                          emphasises the need for development to respond to local character
                                                                                        land.”



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WHITFIELD, DOVER                              PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                   Landscape Character Plan


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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                        PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     and distinctiveness. PPS5 requires that development proposals have               landscape is limited as it is not prominent in the landscape. The building is     development. To the north-east of Phase 1a Site, the A256 embankment
     consideration for heritage features and stresses the desirability of new         discreetly sited so as to be hardly visible from most vantage points outside      truncates views to the wider countryside from within the valley. As a result of
     development contributing to the character and local distinctivesness of          the hamlet of Church Whitfield. However, the presence of an ancient               this roadway and its associated infrastructure, as well as built development,
     the historic environment. Draft PPS: Planning for a natural and healthy          church also serves to underline the historical origins of Whitfield at Church     Phase 1a Site has a limited connection to the surrounding landscape, and
     environment (March 2010) emphasises the importance of linked networks            Whitfield. St. Peter’s Church is a part of a distinctive, small settlement at     is therefore influenced by the characteristics of the wider countryside to a
     of multi-functional Green Infrastructure within new developments.                Church Whitfield, but its significance derives from its role in the evolution     limited extent. The character of Phase 1a Site also is subject to urbanising
     At a district level the Dover District Local Development Framework               and current day life of Whitfield as a community, being separate from, yet        influences, including existing development on the urban edge of Whitfield,
     Core Strategy, includes a District objective to create a coherent Green          at the heart of the community. The setting of the building within trees and       as well as vehicle movement and infrastructure associated with the A256.
     Infrastructure network, supported by policy CP7 which focuses on the             loose group of buildings reinforces Church Whitfield’s intimate and small
     protection and enhancement of existing Green Infrastructure and the              scale character, distinctive and distinguishable from (West) Whitfield.           In Phase 1a Site, the most open area is in the vicinity of Napchester Road,
     opportunity for enhancement of the network presented by strategic                                                                                                  on a ridgeline to the south-east of the valley. Long views over the A256
                                                                                      Site Appraisal                                                                    embankments to the surrounding landscape to the north-east can be obtained
     development allocations such as that for the area surrounding Whitfield.
     Policy CP11: The Managed Expansion of Whitfield, requires the                    Phase 1a Site is largely open in character, with long views possible across it.   from these areas. The open fields, with limited boundary vegetation, contain
     establishment of a Green Infrastructure network based upon existing              However, Phase 1a Site also includes strong containing elements including         little visual interest. However, their openness does allow an appreciation
     landscape features. It also seeks the avoidance of significant adverse effects   the valley form, as well as vegetation and the built forms of residential         of the rolling topography which is an attractive landscape feature in itself.
     on the amenities of existing residents. Policy DM16 emphasises the need to
     minimise harm to landscape character from development.
     The landscape priorities in the draft Whitfield Urban Extension masterplan
     Supplementary Planning document (October 2010) focus on the
     reinforcement of local character and distinctiveness; retention of important
     views into and out of the settlement and development area; and creation of
     a strong linked network of Green Infrastructure. It includes more detailed
     design guidance for Phase 1a Site (referred to as Extension between
     Sandwich Road and Napchester Road: New District Centre).
     Tree Preservation Orders
     There are no tree preservation orders within Phase 1a Site.
     Public Rights of Way
     An extensive network of Public Rights of Way (PROW) traverses the area
     surrounding Phase 1a Site although none extend through it. Surrounding
     PROW include the North Downs Way National Trail which follows the
     route of a Roman road north out of Dover, before turning to the north-
     west towards Shepherdswell on a 156 mile route to Farnham in Surrey.
     Whitfield itself contains a very high number of PROW and informal
     footpaths providing easy pedestrian access across the village and into the
     surrounding countryside.

     Listed Buildings
     Existing built form, land form and vegetation entirely screen views to the
     Phase 1a Site from the listed buildings in the vicinity of the Phase 1a Site.
     The nearest listed building is the church of St. Peter at Church Whitfield
     (Grade II*), approximately 600m to the south-east of Phase 1a Site. The
     significance of St. Peter’s Church at Church Whitfield as a built form in the
                                                                                      Site Appraisal Plan


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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                      PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

   REAR BOUNDARY OF
                                     RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES                         VEGETATION ASSOCIATED                                         CHURCH
 RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES                                          SANDWICH ROAD
                                          ON THE DROVE                              WITH WEIGHSIDE HOUSE                                       WHITFIELD ROAD
  ON NAPCHESTER ROAD
                                                                                                                                                                A256




     Site Appraisal Photograph B




                  VEGETATION ASSOCIATED                                             RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES                            RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES
                   WITH PUMPING STATION        A256 EMBANKMENT                       ON NAPCHESTER ROAD                                    ON THE DROVE




     Site Appraisal Photograph C



                                                                                                                                                       VEGETATION ASSOCIATED
                                                                                                                                                        WITH PUMPING STATION
                                                                                                             RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES
                          A256 EMBANKMENT                        SHEPHERD’S CROSS                                                                                  VEGETATION ASSOCIATED
                                                                                                              ON NAPCHESTER ROAD
                                                                                                                                                 SANDWICH ROAD     WITH WEIGHSIDE HOUSE




     Site Appraisal Photograph D


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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE



     NAPCHESTER ROAD                                                                   WHITFIELD LODGE                 VEGETATION ASSOCIATED
                                                                                                                                               EASTLING WOOD         A256 EMBANKMENT
                                                                                                                       WITH WEIGHSIDE HOUSE




     Site Context Photograph 2: View from Napchester Road at edge of Whitfield, looking North-West (June 2010)




                                                                                       APPROXIMATE EXTENT OF PHASE 1a SITE




                                                                                                                  VEGETATION ASSOCIATED
     CHURCH WHITFIELD ROAD                          NAPCHESTER ROAD                                               WITH WEIGHSIDE HOUSE           CHURCH WHITFIELD ROAD        A256




     Site Context Photograph 3: View from Shepherd’s Cross, looking West (June 2010)




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WHITFIELD, DOVER             PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     Visual Appraisal Plan


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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                              PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     Visual Appraisal
     Owing to the lack of boundary vegetation, fully or predominantly open          50m from the edge of existing development, the ridgeline flanking the
     views of Phase 1a Site can be obtained from a number of near-distance          north-eastern area of Phase 1a Site is exposed in character when viewed
     locations to the east. However, in these views, Phase 1a Site is seen in the   from the existing urban edge. From longer distances, including from
     context of existing vegetation and urban development, although it is noted     the North Downs Way National Trail, existing landform and vegetation
     that, with the exception of a hedgeline with trees extending approximately     largely obscure views of Phase 1a Site.



                                                                                                                                                                 APPROXIMATE EXTENT OF PHASE 1a SITE




                                                                                                                                                                       RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES ON       VEGETATION
                                                   A256 EMBANKMENT                                     CHURCH WHITFIELD ROAD                                                                           ASSOCIATED
                                                                                                                                                                           NAPCHESTER ROAD
                                                                         NAPCHESTER ROAD                            SHEPHERD’S CROSS                                                                      WITH
                                                                                                                                                                  COMMUNICATION MAST IN                WEIGHSIDE
                                                                                                                                                               VICINITY OF HONEYWOOD PARK                HOUSE




     Site Context Photograph 4: View from The Mount, looking South-East (March 2010)




                                                                         APPROXIMATE EXTENT OF PHASE 1a SITE


                                                                                                                     LITTLE                         GREAT
                                    NORTH                                 EXISTING                              NAPCHESTER FARM                NAPCHESTER FARM                                                      NORTH
                                    DOWNS                               DEVELOPMENT                                                                                                                                 DOWNS
                                     WAY            CANE WOOD             WHITFIELD     A256 EMBANKMENT             PROW EE416                                EASTLING WOOD                                          WAY




     Site Context Photograph 8: View from junction of North Downs Way with PROW EE416, looking South-West (June 2010)



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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                    PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     4.3 ECOLOGY
     The site predominantly comprises arable farmland, with narrow grass
     margins between the arable and adjacent roads, namely Sandwich Road
     and The Drove to the west and Napchester Road to the east. Elsewhere
     the site adjoins hedgerows / tree lines or fences marking the boundaries
     of domestic curtilages, or further areas of arable land.
     The arable and semi-improved grassland habitats within the site are con-
     sidered to be of low or negligible ecological interest. Indeed, the lack of
     non-crop arable plant species within the farmed area is notable, even by
     the standards of modern British farming.
     The fauna supported by the site is correspondingly limited. Although a
     range of very common breeding birds utilise the adjacent hedgerow to the
     north west of the Application Site, no birds were recorded to be breeding
     within the area of the Application Site. Other fauna associated with the
     site, such as invertebrates, will also be limited in diversity.
     No statutory or non-statutory ecological designations are present within
     the site. The Lydden and Temple Ewell Downs SAC, designated for its
     calcareous grassland flora including several rare orchid species, is located
     to the south-west of the site at a distance of approximately 1.5km mea-
     sured in a straight line.
     The design proposals for the site represent a significant enhancement of
     the area in terms of ecology. The creation of green spaces, tree and shrub
     planting and particularly the creation of wetland features as part of the
     SuDs will support a much greater biodiversity than that which currently
     exists within the site.
     The provision of areas of open space within a short distance of all resi-
     dents of the completed development will also serve to reduce any poten-
     tial minor increase in recreational access within the Lydden and Temple
     Ewell Downs SAC which might otherwise result. Wetland features are
     likely to provide a focal point for users of the open space.




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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                            PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     4.4 BUILT ENVIRONMENT
     The historic Whitfield has been subsumed within modern development            The Sandwich Road Spine                                                                 The Sandwich Road is a prominent route running straight through the
     with few indications of the original village character. However, its                                                                                                  core of the village. At the northern end are some historic properties
     analysis, alongside the surrounding East Kent towns and villages, provides                                                                                            built around the former Royal Oak public house with infill properties
     a better picture of the local vernacular, which may assist with any future                                                                                            constructed during the twentieth century. Most are set back from the
     development of Whitfield. Reference should be made to ‘The Historic                                                                                                   road in large plots, creating an open, low density character and marking
     Development & Character Analysis’ by ADAM Architecture.                                                                                                               the outer edge of village .

                                                                                                                                                                           The Napchaster Road Area
                                                                                                                                                                           The area based around the Napchester Road has a distinct rural character,
                                                                                                                                                                           with a village feel and a tight layout. The historic core is based around the
                                                                                                                                                                           former windmill area, reminders of which survive in buildings, such as the
                                                                                                                                                                           Old Mill Cottage and the tiny Mill Lane. Architecturally, the road has a
                                                                                   View south along the Sandwich Road, past the now abandoned Royal Oak                    modest, mixed character of various periods. Spacing between properties
                                                                                   public house.                                                                           greater to the north east, and buildings come to an abrupt end before
                                                                                                                                                                           opening out into fields. The road continues out to the cross roads with the
                                                                                                                                                                           Church Whitfield Road.




                                                                                   Some of the older cottages on the western side of the road, with modern housing built
     The church of St. Peter, the focus of the small hamlet of Church Whitfield.   in between.
                                                                                                                                                                           View of the northeastern boundary of the building along the Napchester road. Housing
                                                                                                                                                                           falls away into the open fields, and a road links up to the Church Whitfield Road.




                                                                                   View south along the Sandwich Road. The southern half of this route
                                                                                   comprises largely low scale properties, built during the 1920s and 30s and the
                                                                                   post war period.
                                                                                                                                                                           Houses along the lane date from various periods, but tend to be either 1 1/2 or 2
                                                                                                                                                                           storeys in height, and are generally detached or semi-detached.




                                                                                   Halfway along the road are some larger houses in the arts and crafts style, set
     Like many of the surrounding villages, Whitfield was centred on a windmill,   within larger plots. Further towards the south, building decrease in scale one          The southern end of Napchester Road has a close knit feel formed by the surrounding
     seen here in an early photograph.                                             more, to 1-1 1/2 storeys .                                                              vegetation and narrowness of the road itself.




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WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                     PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     4.5 ACCESS AND MOVEMENT
                                                                                   Water Supply                                                                    Electricity
     The new district centre is situated on the northern end of Whitfield some
     7km north of the centre of Dover and Dover Priory Railway Station. It         Water supply is an important issue for the WUE. Veolia Water South East         The incumbent electricity provider and Distribution Network Operator
     is 34 km from the M2 motorway at junction 7 Brenley Corner and 7km            supply potable water in the area. In their Water Resources Management           (DNO) for the Whitfield and Dover area id EDF Energy.
     from the M20 motorway at junction 13.                                         Plan, they state that there are sufficient resources available to meet future
                                                                                   demand if this can be constrained using demand management measures.             EDF Energy have confirmed that there is currently in the order of 8MVA
     The A2 provides a direct route to Canterbury, about 25km away, to the                                                                                         of spare capacity available at the existing Dover 33kV/11kV Primary
     north west. Folkestone is 24 km to the south east via the A20. Via the        Gas                                                                             Substation (PSS) and 11kV underground cabling infrastructure situated
     A256 Sandwich is 14km to the north and via the A258 Deal is 14km to           The incumbent gas provider for the Whitfield and Dover area is Scotia           to the south of the development, to supply the proposed development
     the north east.                                                               Gas Networks (SGN).                                                             initial phasing at 11kV. This will require additional switchgear at the PSS
                                                                                                                                                                   and also subject to network capacity availability at the time.
     Whitfield is currently served by local bus services offering a combined       SGN have confirmed that the point of connection onto their gas network
     frequency of six buses per hour into Dover, along with hourly buses to        to supply the proposed development Is to the existing 315mm (12”)               This capacity is sufficient to supply in the order of 4,000 residential
     Canterbury, Ramsgate and Sandwich.                                            diameter medium pressure (MP) gas main situated to the south of the site        homes via traditional direct connection, excluding consideration of onsite
                                                                                   and on the north side of the A2 carriageway. The location is shown on the       energy efficiencies and power generation.
     Since December 2009 the journey time to London has improved                   infrastructure plan.
     dramatically with the HS1 High Speed domestic rail services offering                                                                                          BT
     journeys from Dover Priory to London St Pancras in 67 minutes. Other          SGN have advised that there are no current issues relating to capacity or       The incumbent telecommunications provider within the Whitfield and
     ‘classic’ domestic services remain, and complete the journey to London        pressure at Whitfield, within the existing MP gas network adjacent to           Dover area is BT Openreach.
     Charing Cross in just under two hours. Services to London Victoria are        the site, however offsite reinforcement, downstream and to the south
     also available.                                                               maybe required subject to timing of the phased build out and specific gas       At this stage, it is considered that a contribution towards the
                                                                                   load requirements. The offsite reinforcement is likely to take In the order     telecommunication infrastructure via BT Openreach is unlikely
     For pedestrians Whitfield is very permeable with a network of formal and      of 2-3 years to design and construct, following formal application. This        to be required. BT will offer a proposal to extend their existing
     informal routes crossing the village.                                         assessment has been based on traditional and direct gas connection to all       telecommunications infrastructure into the proposed development
                                                                                   new development and excludes any allowances for renewables requiring            offering a range of technologies including high speed broadband and cable
     The Whitfield roundabout is known to have capacity issues and any             a gas connection.                                                               TV.
     development proposals need to take this into account.
                                                                                   It is proposed that water and space heating for the site will be provided
                                                                                   via Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and district heating systems,
     4.6 UTILITY SRVICES                                                           distributed through an onsite Energy Centre. Therefore gas supplies from
                                                                                   the network will be required to supply the Energy Centre directly.
     Waste Water
     Waste water in the Dover area is collected and treated by Southern            It is therefore expected that a new MP gas main will be laid in the verge
     Water, with the majority of waste water being treated at the Broomfield       of the A2 (from the identified connection point), the A256 and into
     Bank Waste Water Treatment Works. However, it is understood that              the proposed development within the new access road (to be adoptable
     there is insufficient capacity in the sewerage network at Whitfield for any   highway).
     further development.
                                                                                   Gas supplies could therefore be limited to serve the Energy Centre
     The Water Cycle Strategy for Whitfield investigates a number of options       only, thus saving gas infrastructure across the site and potentially offsite
     for collecting and treating waste water from the proposed development.        reinforcement upgrades due to reduced gas consumption from traditional
     This recommends that a new strategic pumping station and rising main is       direct gas connections.
     developed to serve the masterplan area.




22
WHITFIELD, DOVER                         PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                   Infrastructure Plan

23
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                          PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     4.7 FLOOD RISK & SURFACE WATER DRAINAGE
     According to the EA online Flood Map, Light Hill lies within an area      edge of the new primary street and the external noise environment
     where the chance of flooding is less than 0.1% in any given year, and,    is likely to suitable. There is no external noise requirement for the
     therefore, in Flood Zone 1, as defined in PPS25 . The nearest water-      health centre and the internal noise can be controlled using appropriate
     course, the River Dour, is located over 2km to the south of the site.     protection.
     The low level of flood risk is also confirmed by the results of the Do-
     ver District Council Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA). Surface      Any potentially noisy land uses which could adversely impact on
     water from the site currently discharges to groundwater.                  community amenity should meet the recommended noise limits.

     An outline surface water drainage strategy has been developed for
     new district centre based on the principles outlined in the SPD that
     was prepared for the wider masterplan area, and in line with PPS25
     requirements and the EA recommendations. As part of the develop-
     ment of the site, on site infrastructure will be provided to collect
     surface water runoff from around the site and route it to key loca-
     tions so that surface water can be drained from the site using SUDS
     techniques. These are likely to include a strategic swale network and
     detention basins which will filter, convey and store surface water be-
     fore discharge to ground via deep bore soakaways. Smaller private
     soakaways may also be possible where geology permits. Exceedence
     events, where excess surface water may flow overland, will be man-
     aged through integration with the green infrastructure.

     This approach will ensure that surface water runoff from the pro-
     posed development does not increase the risk of flooding elsewhere
     and provides a suitable level of treatment of the surface water runoff
     prior to discharge from the site.

     4.8 NOISE
     The control of noise in the new development is a material planning
     consideration under Planning Policy Guidance Note 24: Planning and
     Noise (PPG 24).Based on guidance to the local authority in PPG24
     the land is generally suitable for the proposed residential and mixed
     uses.

     The increase in traffic noise levels due to urban redevelopment or
     substantial road layout alterations should be considered as part of the
     application.

     Relevant guidance to ensure suitable internal and external noise levels
     for other noise sensitive land uses such as schools should be followed.
     The proposed new learning and community centre is located on the



24
WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                 5.0 DESIGN CONCEPT
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                               PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     5.0 DESIGN CONCEPT
                                                                                   Safe Places: The Planning System and Crime Prevention (ODPM, 2004)                       •	 Development	will	be	set	back	from	the	A2	and	A256	to	take	account	
     5.1 MASTERPLAN                                                                                                                                                            of the noise and air quality surveys;
                                                                                   The following design principles were established at the outset of the                    •	 The	 new	 neighbourhoods	 will	 be	 developed	 from	 the	 east	 in	 an	
     The masterplan forms part of the outline planning application submission      project to provide the design framework for the emerging proposals for
     for the new district centre, the Green, and provides a clear and definitive                                                                                               anticlockwise direction. Each neighbourhood should be substantially
                                                                                   WUE. These principles connect the strategic imperative for growth to the                    complete before the next neighbourhood is commenced;
     illustration of the proposals. This takes into full account the issues of     local constraints and opportunities and introduce, at the very beginning
     urban design, landscape, transport and visual impact.                         of the process, the need for a coherent and holistic response.                           •	 The	new	district	centre	to	the	northern	end	of	Sandwich	Road	will	
                                                                                                                                                                               be delivered in parallel to the first phase of residential to assist in
     5.2 DESIGN PRINCIPLES                                                         Core Design Principles for the Development of the WUE Area                                  providing new facilities to serve the existing residents from day one.
                                                                                                                                                                               This will include local shops and services;
     Summary of Approach                                                           •	 The	 expansion	 of	 the	 village	 should,	 as	 far	 as	 possible,	 retain	 the	
                                                                                      existing character of Whitfield;                                                      •	 The	development	will	be	tested	commercially	to	ensure	it	is	sustainable	
     The proposed WUE development form and layout will provide a number
                                                                                                                                                                               and viable;
     of distinct neighbourhoods each with its own character which will             •	 The	existing	village	will	be	protected	by	a	series	of	linked	green	spaces	
     incorporate the areas shown as extensions to the existing settlement;            around the perimeter;                                                                 •	 The	Impact	of	passive	solar	design	principles	to	all	buildings	along	with	
     All of the new development areas will be accessed off of a Primary                                                                                                        the use of building mounted energy generation technology must be
                                                                                   •	 Green	 corridors	 and	 links	 will	 connect	 existing	 Whitfield	 with	 the	
     Street that will commence off the A256 and will eventually link to an                                                                                                     considered in all planning applications. Building orientation, internal
                                                                                      wider countryside, maintaining key views;
     access off the Whitfield section of the A2. No new development, with                                                                                                      layout of dwellings, window design and solar shading will all need to
     the exception of some limited facilities which are to be developed early      •	 The	green	corridors	will	define	a	cluster	of	neighbourhoods/villages	                    be considered to address the need to minimise building energy design
     in the new district centre to the north of Sandwich Road, Is to use the          around the perimeter of Whitfield;                                                       requirements;
     existing roads which link to the Whitfield roundabout. The Whitfield          •	 The	existing	woodland,	trees,	hedges	and	habitats	will	be	protected	                  •	 External	 elevations	 and	 roofscapes	 should	 include	 the	 potential	 for	
     roundabout is constrained and is not to be improved further until later in       and enhanced where possible;                                                             incorporating micro generation technologies.
     the development programme.
                                                                                   •	 The	character	of	the	existing	lanes	will	be	retained	as	far	as	possible;
     Provision is made for 5,750 dwellings at a range of densities. In addition    •	 A	new	access	will	be	created	off	the	A256	to	serve	the	development.	                  Development at the new district centre, the Green, will follow these
     to the district centre, each neighbourhood will have a local centre              All new development, except the new district centre to the north of                   core design principles.
     identified by a particular use or built form. An important feature of the        Sandwich Road, will be served off the new access and new development
     scheme is the implementation of a Bus Rapid Transit system which will            will not take place until the infrastructure is in place;                             Design Quality and Standards
     link Whitfield to the High Speed1 (HS1) service at Dover Priory and to
                                                                                   •	 A	long	term	objective	will	be	to	provide	an	access	off	the	A2;	this	may	
     the town centre facilities.                                                                                                                                            The design quality of the development will be controlled by Design
                                                                                      be linked to a Park and Ride;
                                                                                                                                                                            Codes.
                                                                                   •	 The	 existing	 PROW’s	 will	 be	 retained	 and	 new	 footpath/cycleway	
     Urban Design Principles                                                                                                                                                The following design standards will also apply;
                                                                                      connections will be made to the countryside;
     The site and character analysis outlined in the previous sections serves                                                                                               •		 The	 proposals	 will	 achieve	 a	 minimum	 of	 Building	 for	 Life	 silver	
                                                                                   •	 Streets	 will	 be	 designed	 to	 be	 attractive	 and	 safe	 for	 all	 road	 users.	
     to highlight a number of opportunities for the development of Light                                                                                                        standard;
                                                                                      Some minor residential streets will be designed as shared surfaces
     Hill. Taking into account best practice principles, the project team has
                                                                                      providing a safe environment for pedestrians and cyclists;                            •	 Residential	buildings	will	achieve	a	minimum	of	Code	for	Sustainable	
     translated these opportunities into a series of concepts to inform the
     overall design approach.                                                      •	 The	 new	 development	 should	 reflect	 and	 reinforce	 the	 tradition,	                 Homes level 4;
                                                                                      character and form of neighbouring historic towns such as Sandwich
     The masterplan process adopted for the SPD and Light Hill follows best                                                                                                 •		 Non-residential	 buildings	 will	 achieve	 a	 minimum	 of	 BREEAM	
                                                                                      and Deal with reference to the adopted Design Code;
     practice guidance as set out in the following documents;                                                                                                                   excellent standard;
                                                                                   •	 A	 wide	 variety	 of	 housing	 types	 will	 be	 provided	 to	 ensure	 a	
                                                                                      balanced and mixed community and enable people to remain in the                       •	 The	aspiration	is	for	schools	to	achieve	zero	carbon	rating.	
     Design: Urban Design in the Planning System (DETR, May 2000)
     Urban Design Compendium (English Partnership, 2000)                              neighbourhood through the changing circumstances of their lives.
     Creating By Successful Masterplans: A Guide for Clients (CABE, March             Housing will predominantly be for families;
     2004)



26
WHITFIELD, DOVER                            PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                   WUE Concept Masterplan



27
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                       PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     5.3 BACKGROUND - DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPT                                          ADAM Urbanism District Centre Masterplan

     DDC Framework Core Strategy                                                      In parallel with the SPD process and the evolution of the overall masterplan
                                                                                      ADAM Urbanism has been developing the concept masterplan for Phase
     The WUE was adopted as a strategic allocation under Policy CP11 of the           1a, the Green.
     Core Strategy by an Independent planning Inspector on 21 January 2010,
     who noted in her report that;                                                    The masterplan was subject to several design reviews throughout the
                                                                                      design development stages, including directors, landscape architects,
     I am satisfied that the designation of Whitfield as a Strategic Allocation,      movement consultants and others in the design team. The accompanying
     which is central to the delivery of the [Dover growth] strategy, is in           diagrams illustrate the process through which the masterplan has evolved.
     accordance with advice in PPS12… The Core Strategy approach to the
     urban extension at Whitfield is justified, effective, and consistent with the    This outline planning application submission follows the principles
     advice In PPS12.                                                                 established in the overall masterplan and SDP document and includes the
                                                                                      following key features:
     Development of the Masterplan
     The consultant design team has worked closely with DDC, interested               •	 Create a new district centre to the north of Whitfield;
     landowners, developers, the Parish Council, WAG and the Community
                                                                                      •	 Create a village Green is at the heart of the district centre;
     Liaison Group and other stakeholders through a workshop process to
     evolve the proposals for the expansion of Whitfield. The aim of the              •	 Provide local shops, including food retail, small scale office,
     group was to agree a vision for the WUE and steer the development of                opportunities for live work and a medical centre
     the masterplan. The ongoing and wide ranging programme of public
     engagement running along side the masterplanning process is explained            •	 Provide a new learning and community campus                                 Early Phase 1a, District Centre Concept Sketch April 2010
     in greater detail later.

     The overall masterplan for the WUE has evolved over the period from
     the initial public consultation event on 5 & 6 March 2010, responding to
     comments from that event, to site constraints and opportunities to the
     indicative masterplan that delivers the vision outlined in the SPD.

     WUE Supplementary Planning Document
     DDC and the appointed consultant design team have worked together to
     prepare the SPD. This document forms a ‘bridge’ between the strategic
     allocation and the subsequent planning applications for development of the
     site. It sets out a coherent and flexible vision for the future of an expanded
     Whitfield and provides guidance as to how development proposals with
     the allocated land should carried out and managed.

     The WUE Masterplan SPD was approved by DDC Cabinet as a draft SPD
     for consultation on the 6 September 2010. The document is currently
     at the public consultation stage, from 4 October to 29 November 2010.
     Comments will considered along with the need for any changes before
     the Council draws up the final version of the Masterplan and adopts is as
     a Supplementary Planning Document.
                                                                                      Early WUE Concept Sketch March 2010                                            Early Phase 1a, District Centre Concept Plan May 2010




28
WHITFIELD, DOVER                        PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     Light Hill Indicative Masterplan



29
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                     PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     •	 Provide a new public transport hub for the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
     •	 A wide variety of housing types will be provided to ensure a balanced
        and mixed community;
     •	 Streets will be designed to be attractive and safe to all road users;
     •	 Protect the rural character of the Napchester Road;
     •	 Maintain the visual connection of the valley and views to the north
        east;
     •	 he existing trees, hedges and habitats are protected and enhanced
        where possible;
     •	 New development reflects and reinforces the traditional character and
        form of East Kent towns and villages and will be controlled through
        Design Codes.


     5.4 PUBLIC CONSULTATION




     As noted earlier a significant amount of time was spent engaging with the
     community around the wider Whitfield masterplan SPD, and this has been
     fundamental in informing the evolution of the submitted proposals for Phase
     1 and 1a. Discussions with a number of stakeholders, including the commu-
     nity and the elected representative group, have been extremely influential in
     the content of the submitted applications.
     Since the SPD has been the subject of formal consultation by Dover District
     Council, two further meetings have been held or scheduled with the Com-
     munity Liaison Group, to discuss the proposals for Phases 1 and 1a in more
     detail.
                                                                                     Land Use Plan



30
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                              PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     The Statement of Community Engagement accompanying this application                                                Residential           Mixed uses
     will be updated following a further public exhibition on the proposals for
     Phase 1 and 1a, to be held on 12th and 13th November 2010. The ad-              Unit Type                    No                          Retail
     ditional information arising from this event will be submitted to DDC as        2 Bed Flats                  19                          A small food retail unit will be provided at the corner of Sandwich Road
     an addendum to the SCE.                                                         Live/Work                    7                           and the Green additional small retail opportunities exist at ground floor
                                                                                     3 Bed                        34                          of properties onto Sandwich Road and the Green.
     The event on the 12th and 13th November 2010 has been organised to              4 Bed Townhouse              23
     ensure that the public are alert to the submission of the applications and                                                               Business
                                                                                     4 Bed Detached               1
     to ensure that they have every possible opportunity to view the material        5 Bed                        6                           Flexible accommodation will be provided at ground floor to properties
     and discuss any concerns with the consultant team who will be on hand                                                                    onto Sandwich Road and the Green also provides opportunities for start
                                                                                     Supported Living Units       6 (1no. 2 bed; 5no. 1bed)
     to answer questions and queries. Significant public consultation has                                                                     up office uses. The flexible design of these spaces is such that they are
                                                                                     Care Home                    66 beds
     already been undertaken in advance of submission of the applications,                                                                    capable of conversion to residential use should future demand and market
                                                                                     Total                        100                         conditions dictate.
     both with the community, Parish Council, and other key stakeholders,
     developers and landowners.                                                                            Mixed Use/Community Facilities
                                                                                     Use                          Maximum Floorspace          The proposals for the site embrace the concept of home-working and
                                                                                                                                              seek to develop this by incorporating specific provision for this within a
     5.5 LAND USE                                                                    Retail (A1 – A3)             1975 sq.m
                                                                                                                                              proportion of the dwellings.
     The proposal seeks to develop a new district centre that complements the        Employment (B1a)             750 sq.m
     character of both the site and the adjacent East Kent towns and villages. In    Health and Social Care       1900 sq.m                   As well as enhancing the overall viability of the development these onsite
     response to local needs and the objectives of the SPD the proposals make        Centre (D1) inc. police                                  employment uses will help to reduce the use of the car and will further
     provision for a range of retail, community, health care and education uses.     office, doctors and dental
                                                                                     surgery, pharmacy, social
                                                                                                                                              reduce CO2 emissions.
     These facilities will make a major contribution to the vitality of Whitfield    services provision
     and establish the Green as the heart of the village.                                                                                     Health Care
                                                                                     Learning and Community       4200 sq.m
     Residential                                                                     Camous (Phase 1a) (ii)
                                                                                                                                              A new medical centre including, doctor’s surgery, dental surgery and
                                                                                     (includes primary school,                                pharmacy will be provided.
     The development will provide a broad range of dwelling types, size
     and tenures targeted to meet the specific local needs and to deliver a          adult education, youth
                                                                                     facilities)                                              Police
     balanced and mixed community that will enable people to remain in the
     neighbourhood through the changing circumstances of their lives. The            Total                        8825      sq.m              An option to provide a police station, possibly annexed to the medical
     proposed mix will include a substantial number of affordable 1 and 2 bed                                         Site Areas (Ha)
                                                                                                                                              centre, is be discussed and will be provided, subject to funding.
     apartments, 2 and 3 bedroom terraced and semi detached houses as well
                                                                                     Use                          Area                        Education
     as larger 3 and 4 bed family houses.
                                                                                     Supported Living Units       0.3                         A new Learning and Community Campus (LCC) is provided in Phase
     In addition there will be provision 6 supported living units complementing
                                                                                     Residential                  2.05                        1a which will include a two form entry primary school with early year
     the principles of this development of providing homes to allow residents
                                                                                     Retail (A1-A3)               0.75                        (nursery) provision and is located on the eastern edge of the district centre.
     to remain within Whitfield.
                                                                                     Health & Social Care         0.36                        DDC and the County Council will encourage the use of school facilities
                                                                                     Centre                                                   for a range of activities before and after school for children attending the
     Affordable Housing                                                              Open Space                   1.43                        school and the local community. This will include sporting, educational
     Affordable housing is to be provided on site in line with the separate          Learning and Commu-          2,54                        and cultural activities where they are compatible with the principle school
     Affordable housing Statement. In the interests of providing socially            nity Campus (inc. Primary                                use.
     integrated communities, the design allows for the affordable housing            School)                                                  Facilities for a youth centre, Adult Education, Kent Adult Social Services
     element to be interspersed with the private market housing. The affordable      Access                       0.72                        (KASS), and Children’s Social Services will also be provided within the
     housing will be designed to the same external specification and will be         Total                        8.15                        LCC
     visually indistinguishable from the private market housing.
                                                                                    Table showing Indicative Mix



31
WHITFIELD, DOVER                             PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

                           Library
                           An option to provide a public library within the LCC is being discussed
                           with KCC.

                           Recreation, Leisure and Public Open Space
                           The Green is the focal point of the district centre and makes provision for
                           a number of formal and informal recreation and leisure uses. It provides an
                           area for walking, strolling, cycling, picnics and grass for children to kick
                           a ball, as well as formal play. The Green forms part of the WUE green
                           infrastructure and a network of footpaths and cycle ways will connect it
                           to Whitfield, the adjoining neighbourhoods and the open countryside.
                           The Green includes grassland, wetland and tree belts.

                           Energy Centre
                           An energy centre to serve Phase 1a district centre from a new plant on the
                           site of the learning and community campus.


                           5.6 SCALE OF DEVELOPMENT
                           The scale and massing of the new district centre is designed to respond
                           to the character of Whitfield and the surrounding East Kent towns and
                           villages. The form of the various uses varies in response to its location
                           within the street hierarchy, the topography and its relationship to existing
                           properties. Building heights vary from two storey to three storey around
                           the Green with development being predominantly two storey.

                           The masterplan therefore creates a range of density in response to
                           particular landscape, visual impact and siting issues which not only permits
                           a range of different dwelling types, but will also create visual variety and
                           distinguish the various character areas.




     Storey Heights Plan


32
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                   PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

                                    5.7 CHARACTER AREAS AND COMPONENTS
                                    To enhance the overall sense of place the design proposals involves the
                                    creation of a hierarchy of spaces, each with its defined character. Each of
                                    these areas has distinctive attributes reflecting the predominant uses and
                                    activity in each area whilst contributing to the overall quality and sense
                                    of place. The character areas form a series of linked and distinctive spaces
                                    including streets, urban spaces, entrances and gateways as follows;

                                    Area A - The Green
                                    The Green is a major urban space and is the focal point for the new
                                    district centre. It is a typical village/urban green surrounded by a variety
                                    of buildings, large and small. Future development of the masterplan will




                            A


                                B


                            C




     Character Areas Plan


33
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                 PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     extend the space to the north east along the line of the valley towards the   this could have residential accommodation above. This is a key building
     A256.                                                                         and is the focal point when approaching the district centre from the north.

     It includes grassland, wetland and a village pond which forms the             The Learning and Community Campus (LCC) faces the Green on the
     culmination of a swale on the north west side of the Green, as well as        eastern side. Its position and status reflects its importance within the
     trees belts. It is both an area of recreational parkland, informal play and   community. To the north the LCC will link to the extended open space
     everyday social interaction - an area for fetes, markets and entertainment,   stretching down to the A256.
     as well as picnics and grass for children to play and kick a ball.
                                                                                   The public transport hub for the BRT and local bus services is defined by a
     The open aspect on the eastern side off Sandwich Road is partly closed        widening in the primary street between the medical centre and the LCC.
     by the proposed food retail unit on the corner with the Green, with the
     potential for residential above. A mixed use building completes the block     The north west side of the Green is form by a lane giving access to an
     with the Drove with small retail or business use at ground floor with         informal row of detached and semi detached dwellings. The swale along
     residential above. Casual on street parking is provided outside the retail    the north west edge provides some separation between the houses and the
     unit.                                                                         public aspect of the main Green. These houses are generally two storey,
                                                                                   although up to three storey will be permitted. The extended rear gardens
     The buildings fronting the southern side of the Green will vary in height     back onto the existing canopy tree planting and hedgerow forming the
     and generally will be no more than three storeys with taller ground           boundary with Weighside House.
     floors that should be capable of being used for small retail and starter
     employment uses, with residential units above and a small group of town       Area B - Dwellings abutting Napchester Road and The Drove
     houses facing the Green. Opportunities should be provided for live work
                                                                                   A soft interface is proposed with the existing houses and bungalows in
     units
                                                                                   Napchester Road and The Drove. The new dwellings will sit in plots with
                                                                                   extended gardens and boundary’s will be enhanced with the introduction
     The medical centre sits at the corner with the primary street, potentially
                                                                                   of structural canopy tree planting.
                                                                                   The Napchester Road follows the line of the ridge and beyond the eastern
                                                                                   most bungalows is open with no hedgerow on the north west side to
                                                                                   the new primary road with an existing hedgerow on the north east side.
                                                                                   This rural lane is narrow and has limited capacity to take more traffic.
                                                                                   The LCC playing fields maintain its open aspect to the north west and
                                                                                   development for the future phase will be set back behind a wide formal
                                                                                   verge and tree avenue. A footpath and cycleway will be provided within
                                                                                   the verge between the trees and the buildings. At junction with the new
                                                                                   primary street a ‘bus gate’ will control traffic preventing access from the
                                                                                   new development. A new square will provide a turning head for traffic
                                                                                   from the village.

                                                                                   Area C - Shared Surface/Mews Streets
                                                                                   Between the Green and the dwellings abutting Napchester Road and
                                                                                   the Drove shared surface and mews streets provide access to a mix
                                                                                   of apartments and houses, as well as parking areas for the retail and
                                                                                   commercial uses. These buildings will generally be two storey. An area
                                                                                   for children’s play will be provided.




34
WHITFIELD, DOVER                         PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     New Local Centre at Sandwich Road


35
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                              PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     5.8 MATERIALS AND APPEARANCE
     Although the detail design of the development is to follow through the
     planning process, it is the intention that the architectural style, form,
     materials and details of buildings will draw on the local vernacular of
     Whitfield and the neighbouring towns and villages of East Kent and
     will create a development reinforcing local distinctiveness. This will be
     controlled through Design Codes.

     The overall sustainability strategy promotes the use of local materials
     and a relatively restricted palette of red handmade or stock facing brick,     Brick and flint used in combination is a common in the area
     brick and flint, painted brick, render, weatherboarding, clay plain tile and
     natural slate.

     All spaces within the site will have high quality hard and soft landscaping,
     street furniture, signage and materials and plant specification. More
     details are provided in Section 7.0




                                                                                    Timber framing is generally seen on only one or two buildings in each village, but contributes greatly to the local character.




                                                                                    Timber framing can still be seen, but is not common. Render, however, is a very      Window types are varied across the area, but generally very simple.
                                                                                    common feature across most villages.




                                                                                    The Whitfield area has a mixture of clay tile and slate roofing.                     Most of the housing has simple doorways punched into the fabric, with very
                                                                                                                                                                         little decoration or enlivenment.


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WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                6.0 ACCESS STRATEGY
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                 PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     6.0 ACCESS STRATEGY
     In considering the transport and access framework for Whitfield the SPD
     recognises the following:

     •	 The existing access points to Whitfield are not capable of supporting
        significant development and, in particular, the A2 Whitfield roundabout
        has capacity and traffic management issues;
     •	 The local roads serving the west of Whitfield are country lanes and not
        suitable for serving an expanded community;
     •	 Development must include measures to maximise use of public
        transport (especially bus links to Dover town centre), walking and
        cycling;
     •	 Development of the WUE should include measures to reduce the A2’s
        barrier effect and allow easier walking and cycle connections between
        north and south Whitfield;
     •	 Residents of Whitfield must be able to access Dover easily, especially
        by public transport, to encourage use of the town centre rather than
        competitor centres.

     The SPD access and movement section also determines that the early
     delivery new district centre should be encouraged because of the benefits
     to local residents and proposes that it can come forward in parallel with
     Phase 1, Light Hill.

     The expanded Whitfield will be planned and designed as a public
     transport orientated development with a strong emphasis on travel by
     more sustainable modes than the car.
                                                                                   Preferred Option - Public Transport Emphasis
                                                                                   road network and in particular the Whitfield roundabout.                    The new district centre will form a hub for both the BRT and local bus
     Site Access                                                                                                                                               services. Bus stops will be located in key parts of the site with no dwelling
     The site lies between the Sandwich Road and the proposed new primary          Walking and Cycling                                                         more than 300m from a bus stop.
     street; access initially will be off the Sandwich Road. As phase 2 comes      The plan should encourage the development of a new network of footpaths
     forward access will also be via the new primary street.                       and cycleways to increase accessibility to the new district centre.         On Site Street Design
                                                                                                                                                               The design philosophy for the streets within the site will be to provide for
     A ‘bus gate’ will be provided on Napchester Road west of the new primary      New Bus Service for Whitfield                                               the car but to make sure that it can never be dominant. The expectation
     street to ensure that traffic from the new development cannot access the      The design of the WUE will provide for public transport as a corner stone   will be that the streets will be sufficiently quiet to encourage on-street
     existing road network and in particular increase capacity on the Whitfield    of movement within and beyond the site. This will require a strategy to     cycling and be pleasant to walk.
     roundabout.                                                                   build towards a sequential introduction of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
                                                                                   corridor across the various development sites as successive phases are      Sandwich Road and the street linking it to the new primary street will
     Access and egress for construction traffic will be restricted and will only   completed. The Whitfield proposals will need to be controlled by a series   provide opportunities for on street parking.
     be permitted from the northern end of Sandwich Road to ensure that the        of obligations to ensure that the delivery of the development is matched
     construction phase of the development will not impact on the existing         by delivery of the relevant section of the BRT infrastructure.              Away from the primary route streets will be designed for relatively low


38
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                          PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     car use, but will also accommodate delivery and refuse vehicles where
     needed.

     Transport Assessment
     A full Transport Assessment will be provided with any planning
     application for the development site. This will identify potential impacts
     of the development on the transport network.

     The Access Strategy for the site has a strong emphasis on walking, cycling
     and public transport for journeys between the site, the existing village and
     Dover. We do not envisage that the development will result in significant
     impacts on the local road network that cannot be mitigated appropriately.




                                                                                    Road Hierarchy Plan


39
WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




           7.0 LANDSCAPE STRATEGY
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                   PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     7.0 LANDSCAPE STRATEGY
     Green Infrastructure Strategy
     The layout of structural landscape features in
     Light Hill has been developed from the Green
     Infrastructure strategy produced for the
     Whitfield Masterplan SPD. As is the case for
     the masterplan area, the provision of Green
     Infrastructure within the landscape strategy
     for Light Hill is not only fundamental to the
     successful delivery of the development but has
     been an integral part of the masterplan design
     process for this phase, shaping the form and
     character of the proposed development.

     Key Strategic Landscape Objectives for the
     Whitfield Masterplan SPD focus on:

     •	 the	 	 reinforcement	 of	 local	 character	
        and distinctiveness, to give new areas of
        development a locally distinct identity,
        primarily by drawing in the prevailing
        landscape pattern of the wider area into
        new areas of development;
     •	 the	retention,	where	feasible,	of	important	
        views from locations in Whitfield and new
        areas of development; and
     •	 the	 establishment	 of	 a	 network	 of	 Green	
        Infrastructure to offset the loss of open
        landscape and achieve benefits in a range
        of ways, including recreation, biodiversity
        and water management.

     When these principles are considered
     in relation to the landscape and visual
     opportunities and constraints of Phase 1a
     Site, a number of strategic objectives for the
     landscape treatment of the District Centre
     have been indentified, including the following:
     •	 Create	 a	 focal	 green	 space	 for	 the	
        communities of the existing Whitfield
        and new areas of development, providing
        a strong framework for the surrounding
        buildings and incorporating a range of uses;
                                                         Landscape Strategy Plan


42
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                           PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     •	 Reflect	the	landscape	pattern	of	the	surrounding	area	and	help	assimilate	
        built forms into the landscape by introducing wetland features and
        subtly tiered open space along the valley floor and structural planting
        along the ridgeline at Napchester Road;
     •	 Create	 legible	 routeways	 for	 different	 types	 of	 vehicular	 and	 non-
        vehicular movement; and
     •	 Mitigate	 the	 adverse	 effects	 of	 development	 on	 properties	 on	
        Napchester Road and The Drove through the introduction of structural
        canopy tree planting in adjacent gardens within the District Centre.


     To provide a structural framework for meeting these objectives, a
     number of strategic green infrastructure components have been created,
     comprising approximately 1.7ha. These include:


     •	 Structural	Tree	Belts:	sparse	canopy	tree	planting	will	be	added	to	the	
        western flank of Napchester Road, creating a vertical accentuation of
        the valley form characteristic of the surrounding area but also allowing
        views to the north-east.
     •	 Green	 Corridors:	 the	 primary	 street	 extending	 from	 the	 District	
        Centre to Napchester Road will take the form of a green corridor,
        with substantial planting, a broad verge with footway and a SuDS
        swale flanking the north-east of the roadway.
     •	 Open	Spaces:	a	new	public	open	space	will	form	the	centrepiece	of	the	
        proposed District Centre.
     In addition, green infrastructure will permeate areas of built development
     to provide a local level of green infrastructure in the form of street
     planting of trees and shrubs as well as a small local open space located
     within the residential area.

     Landscape Character Zones
     To reinforce the locally distinct character of the landscape within the
     District Centre, the strategic green infrastructure components described
     above have been set out in a number of different Landscape Character
     Zones.




                                                                                      Green Infrastructure Strategy Plan


43
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                      PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     In the District Centre, the Landscape Character Zones comprise:

     •	 Structural	 Tree	 Belt:	 Sparse	 planting	 of	 canopy	 trees	 above	 a	 low	
        trimmed hedgerow along the south-eastern edge of the school grounds,
        flanking Napchester Road, will contribute to the establishment, in later
        phases of the masterplan development, of a tree belt along the ridgeline
        followed by the road, whilst allowing views across the proposed school
        grounds to the north and north-east.




                                                                                          area, beyond a group of trees enclosing a play area, lies a pond within   •	 Shared	 Surfaces	 and	 Courtyards:	 These	 areas	 form	 quiet,	 pedestrian	
                                                                                          an attenuation basin which forms the culmination of a SuDS swale             focused spaces where vehicles are slowed by planting and tight road
     •	 Public	Open	Spaces:	The	heart	of	the	District	Centre	is	an	extensive	             extending along the north-western flank of the Green. This swale, and        layout. Areas for parking are characterised by small street trees.
        Green, surrounded by large canopy trees which are positioned to                   associated planting, provides a structural separation between the semi-      Canopy tree planting on a grassed verge will provide an attractive
        emphasise the flow of the space, on the south-eastern side, towards the           private frontage to housing to the north-west of the Green, and the
        school, and on the northern side, towards the valley which extends to             public nature of the Green itself. The Green includes a number of
        the north-east. To re-inforce these two visual focii, the north eastern           other land uses to serve a wide range of interests among the existing
        corner of the green, opposite the school, will include an area of hard            and new population. The Green also acts as a central feature on to
        landscape and serve as a meeting place. To the north-west of this                 which many of the proposed social and community facilities face. In
                                                                                          addition, a smaller green space is located among the buildings to the
                                                                                          south-east of the Green, serving to break up the built development and
                                                                                          provide amenity space for residents of the District Centre area.
                                                                                       •	 Primary	Street	and	Bus	Access	route:	These	features	form	the	principal	
                                                                                          vehicle movement corridors within the District Centre and are defined
                                                                                          by planting of large structural canopy trees signposting routes and
                                                                                          nodal points.




44
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                     PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

                                       interface between the proposed retail area and the existing roadway of
                                       Sandwich Road.
                                    •	 Structural	 Mitigation	 Planting:	 This	 is	 a	 zone	 of	 landscape	 features	
                                       specifically designed to reduce the adverse effects of the development
                                       of the District Centre on views from neighbouring properties on The
                                       Drove and Napchester Road. Canopy tree species with moderate
                                       crowns, such as Field Maple, drawn from large planting stock will
                                       be planted within the rear gardens of properties within the District
                                       Centre will soften and help assimilate the built development in these
                                       views.




                                    Planting
                                    Tree species to be planted within the District Centre include Horse
                                    Chestnut, Field Maple and Ash species as structural canopy trees. Planting
                                    of canopy trees within the proposed residential areas will include street
                                    cultivars of Apple, Ash, Field Maple, Lime and Pear species. Wetland
                                    specimen trees would include Willow, Hazel and Alder species.




     Character Zone Strategy Plan


45
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                               PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     Public Realm and Open Space Strategy
     Within the District Centre, the Green, approximately 1.4ha in area, forms
     the principal open space, serving a range of functions including formal and
     informal amenity landscape, public gathering (for activities such as fetes,
     markets and entertainments), the potential for sports and play, as well as
     providing movement routes. The smaller public open space within the
     area of built development provides amenity green space for residents of




                                                                                   Public Realm and Open Space Strategy Plan


46
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                        PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     the new development, as well as softening the appearance of the built
     environment. The green corridor flanking the Primary Street offers a
     pleasant walking and cycling route between the Green and Napchester
     Road.

     Sport and Recreation Strategy
     The provision of sports facilities is being planned at the level of the
     Whitfield Urban Extension masterplan, ensuring that across the whole
     Whitfield Urban Extension there is an appropriate distribution and
     amount of space available for sports pitches.




     In the District Centre, the Green has potential for a multi-use games area,
     providing opportunities for court games such as mini-football, asketball,
     volleyball and tennis. There is also potential for a skatepark to offer
                                                                                   Sport and Recreation Strategy Plan


47
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                        PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     additional recreation options for children and young people. In addition,
     a number of paths traverse the Green, offering potential for recreational
     exercise.

     Children’s Play Strategy
     As with sports facilities, the provision of children’s play spaces is being
     been planned at the level of the Whitfield masterplan. The District
     Centre offers potential for two Local Areas for Play, which comprise
     small areas designed for play for ages 4-6, and include naturalistic
     features to encourage creative play, located within the areas of public
     open space.

     There is potential within the District Centre to provide a Local
     Equipped Area for Play, designed for children aged 4-8 and including
     play equipment.




     Landscape and Biodiversity Management Strategy
     The vision for landscape and biodiversity management within Light Hill
     is to secure the long-term management of the landscape components
     of the Proposed Development in order to maximise ongoing landscape
     amenity and biodiversity. Existing landscape features will be reinforced
     wherever possible and new landscape features introduced in order to
     strengthen the existing landscape setting and assimilate the Proposed
     Development into that setting. These components will be enhanced
     and protected for visual amenity and nature conservation with the
     objective of ensuring the long- term care of an attractive, sustainable
     environment.

     The landscape of the District Centre will be managed to meet a
     number objectives, including the following:

     •	 Maintenance	and	enhancement	of	structural	landscape	pattern	and	
        character
     •	 Assimilation	of	Proposed	Development	within	landscape	structure;
     •	 Attractive	and	legible	public	realm;
                                                                                   Play Strategy Plan


48
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                         PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




     Landscape & Biodiversity Management Strategy Plan


49
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                              PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     •	 Habitat	enhancement;
     •	 Safe	and	legible	pedestrian	movement;
     •	 Effective	and	attractive	SuDs	features;	and
     •	 Multi-functional	open	space	provision.

     The landscape of the District Centre has been divided into a number of
     landscape management components, which have specific management
     aims, objectives and prescriptions. These landscape management
     components are detailed within the Landscape and Biodiversity
     Management Strategy accompanying this application. The components
     are as follows:

     •	 Component	1:	Proposed	Trees
     •	 Component	2:	Proposed	Hedgerows
     •	 Component	3:	Proposed	SuDS	and	Marginal	Planting
     •	 Component	4:	Proposed	Amenity	Grassland
     •	 Component	5:	Proposed	Ornamental	Shrub	Planting
     •	 Component	6:	Proposed	Pathways	and	Hard	Surfaces




50
WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




       8.0 SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                        PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     8.0 SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY
     The client and development team are committed to developing sustainable           •	 The Planning Act 2008                                                        features are clear and thus promote behaviour change and the correct
     communities and this principle is integral to all aspects of our work. The        •	 The Climate Change Act 2008                                                  operation and maintenance of the building services systems including
     development of this site provides an opportunity to build current best                                                                                            renewable energy equipment.
     practice and innovative solutions into a masterplan that will promote             •	 The Renewables Obligation order 2009
     sustainability and high quality urban design. Sustainability issues will act as   •	 The Energy Act 2010                                                          The following energy hierarchy has therefore been adopted.
     a driving force for this development and the scheme will meet a minimum                                                                                           •	 Reduce energy demand to a minimum
     Code for Sustainable Homes rating of level 4.                                                                                                                     •	 Supply energy efficiently through de-centralised on site generation
                                                                                       The legislation includes interim targets for the reduction in CO2 emissions
                                                                                       in the UK, the introduction of the Community Infrastructure Levy,               •	 Provide renewable energy
     Whilst setting a minimum standard for the development it is recognised
                                                                                       reforms to the Renewables Obligation Certification, and the introduction
     by the client and the project team that a ‘first principles’ approach to
                                                                                       of financial incentives for small scale energy generation. All these measures
     sustainability can provide great benefits beyond the prescriptive approach                                                                                        The requirement to address the zero carbon standard then leads to a
                                                                                       are intended to impact directly on energy efficiency in design and supply
     which is adopted through necessity by the BRE code requirement. The                                                                                               further assessment to offset any remaining site CO2 emissions and this
                                                                                       and on the renewable energy markets.
     project aspiration is therefore to exceed these minimum criteria wherever                                                                                         would include
     possible.                                                                                                                                                         •	 Assessment of “allowable solutions” within the definition
                                                                                       The relevant local planning policy is dictated by Dover District Council
                                                                                       and is set out in their adopted core strategy. This document includes policy    •	 Consider a funding contribution to an agreed “carbon fund”
     The applicant has appointed a professional team, including ADAM
                                                                                       CP11 which sets specific energy criteria for this development. The core
     Urbanism, Barton Willmore (Planning & Landscaping), Peter Brett
                                                                                       strategy is to be supported by a Supplementary Planning Document which          Measures taken within this application to reduce energy demand include
     Associates, all of whom have excellent credentials in terms of sustainable
                                                                                       sets out a master plan for the whole of the Whitfield Urban Extension.          consideration of plot layout and building form and orientation. The design
     design. Through the expertise of the development team and the clients’
                                                                                       This SPD is expected to be adopted by DDC in early 2011 and is therefore        incorporates good practice principles for passive solar design. Measures
     vision we will seek to deliver a sustainable and inventive scheme adopting
                                                                                       addressed within this application.                                              proposed within this application include improved thermal performance
     a holistic approach to the design which seeks to provide the optimum
     balance between environmental, social and financial sustainability.                                                                                               from increased insulation, reduced air-tightness parameters, and
                                                                                       The energy performance criteria set by national and local planning policy       mechanical ventilation. The design seeks to ensure that wherever possible
                                                                                       includes CfSH level 4 criteria and BREEAM excellent for the early               rooms will be provided with maximum day light levels whilst minimising
     To deliver the project goal we will focus in particular on the following:
                                                                                       phases of the proposed development. The majority of the development             the effects of solar gain during summer months.
                                                                                       is expected to be built by 2020 but the programme extends to 2026. As
     Energy/CO2 Emissions
                                                                                       such a significant proportion of the development will need to address zero      Active design measures are proposed to include efficient heating with
                                                                                       carbon building standards.                                                      local controls that are easy for occupants to understand and set. Where
     Background                                                                        The definition of zero carbon has yet to be determined and the government       white goods are provided they shall comply with the relevant CfSH
                                                                                       is still consulting on a number of parameters. This is expected to be           minimum eco labelled energy rating. Light fittings are to be provided to
     Climate change has been recognised as one of the most immediate
                                                                                       resolved by early 2011 with the final definition incorporated into the CfSH     be low energy including external space and security lighting with lighting
     environmental challenges we currently face. Government legislation now
                                                                                       and other legislative documentation. From the extensive consultation            controls to include daylight and movement monitors with sensitive zoning
     includes numerous provisions to minimise climate change and mitigate the
                                                                                       processes carried out to date the anticipated definition has been assessed      to ensure all lighting is only used when required.
     anticipated effects. These provisions include a reduction in the emission
                                                                                       and is addressed within this application.
     of green house gases including CO2 emissions which are to be reduced by
     80 % from 1990 levels by the year 2050.                                                                                                                           On site de-centralised energy generation has been assessed and
                                                                                       Energy Hierarchy                                                                consideration given to use of the energy centre sites included within
     Planning Policy                                                                   The main focus to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions must be to             the DDC SPD. Large scale wind generation has been ruled out but the
     The background position is reflected in UK national planning policy with          reduce the energy demand of the development throughout its lifetime.            proposals include for maximum use of combined heat and power systems
     substantial legislation issued aimed at contributing to the achievement of        This will involve adoption of passive solar design principles within the        within each phase with district heating to the higher density development
     the 2050 target. These include :                                                  development layout and plot design principles. Building design will then        areas in Phase 1A. The use of bio fuels and ground source heat pumps has
                                                                                       need to include passive and active energy efficiency design. Finally if we      also been considered in this context. Whilst ground source heat pumps
     •	 PPS 1 supplement “Planning and Climate Change” published Dec 2007              are to achieve the zero carbon target effective knowledge transfer to the       remain an option fuel supply and future cost uncertainties currently present
                                                                                       site users and building occupiers will be essential to ensure the energy        viability issues for alternative fuels. Given the development programme



52
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                   PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE
     however these alternative fuels should be reviewed as detailed planning         Cycle storage and lock up facilities will be provided with each dwelling so   Surface Water Run-off
     phases evolve as improvements in market conditions may allow these to           that cycles can be stored easily and securely.                                A sustainable approach to regulating storm water is to be adopted. This will
     be proposed in the future.                                                                                                                                    be based on best practice principles utilising Sustainable Urban Drainage
                                                                                     Public transport is a corner stone of the movement strategy for the WUE.      Systems (SUDS). This design will ensure that the new development does
     Other forms of renewable energy generation have been reviewed and               This will require a policy to build towards a sequential introduction of      not increase the run-off from undeveloped land and for redevelopment
     photovoltaic panels have been identified as a preferred technology where        the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), which will provide convenient connections        to reduce run-off.
     district heating and CHP systems are to be available. Buildings not             to Dover town centre and the Dover Priory Railway Station. The new
     served by these systems however could also benefit from the use of solar        district centre will form the hub for both the BRT and local bus services.    Waste
     collectors and air source heat pumps. A suite of technologies is therefore      This will further encourage reduced use of cars.
     included in the application from which final selections will be made at the                                                                                   Waste Recycling and Minimisation
     detailed planning stages.                                                       Home working                                                                  There is increasing need for alternative approaches to waste disposals
                                                                                     In order to encourage homeworking each house will be equipped with            to reduce the reliance on landfill and to encourage recycling and waste
     Zero Carbon                                                                     additional telephone points and sockets in one room to allow it to be         minimisation.
                                                                                     converted to a home office. Broadband access will be available throughout
     With zero carbon standards under consideration the anticipated “allowable                                                                                     Dover District Council has a comprehensive recycling policy and under
                                                                                     the site.
     solutions” to be included in the final definition have been reviewed.                                                                                         the scheme paper, card, plastic bottles and cans are collected. Developers
     These include provision of low and zero carbon energy to offsite users,         Water Reduction Strategy                                                      shall work with Dover District Council to ensure that the current and
     upgrading of existing building stock to reduce emissions and payment                                                                                          future provisions for both non-recyclable and recyclable waste are met.
     of a financial contribution to an appropriate fund. Conclusions as to the       A strategy will be adopted to reduce water consumption to a maximum
                                                                                     use of 105 litres/person/day. This will include;                              The occupiers of retail, commercial, leisure and community facilities will
     preferred solutions will need to be resolved following confirmation of the                                                                                    employ waste segregation techniques appropriate to the use.
     definition but likely options have been set out at this stage.                  •	 Individual	metering	of	water	supplies.
                                                                                     •	 Dual	flush	toilets.
     Finally educational opportunities have been highlighted as the provision of     •	 Efficient	taps	and	showers.                                                Construction Waste
     the district energy proposals combined with the development proposals           •	 Provision	of	water	butts.
                                                                                                                                                                   The contractor and their sub-contractors and suppliers shall be required to
     for the new Learning and Community Campus building to provide a real            •	 Rainwater	harvesting	or	recycling	will	be	used	for	replacement	potable	
                                                                                                                                                                   demonstrate a commitment to sort and recycle construction waste where
     opportunity for knowledge transfer to site users and building occupiers            water in toilet flushing or for irrigation of gardens.
                                                                                                                                                                   possible on site and where necessary dispose of waste in a responsible
     and thus explain and promote the story behind the zero carbon agenda.                                                                                         manner.
                                                                                     Sustainable Materials
                                                                                     Materials shall be sourced in order of preference from;                       Contractors must have formal waste management processes in place to
     Sustainable Transport Initiatives (see Section 6 Access Strategy)
                                                                                       Kent                                                                        manage, benchmark, monitor performance and demonstrate continual
     The principles of the masterplan have been to create a community where            South East                                                                  improvement. Contractors will be encouraged to use the BRE waste
     the dependence on the car is minimised and walking, cycling and the use           UK                                                                          management system SMARTWaste (Site Methodology to Audit, Reduce
     of public transport is positively promoted. Improvements to walk, cycle           Europe                                                                      and Target Waste) and BREMAP, a geographical information system
     and public transport facilities will give people a choice of alternative ways                                                                                 (GIS) to identify the nearest and most suitable waste management site.
                                                                                     The selection of these materials shall be guided by sustainable principles
     to access local facilities and services.
                                                                                     based on the following criteria;
                                                                                                                                                                   Pollution
     The masterplan provides a network of permeable streets which provide            •	   Recyclability.
     for ease of movement through the development by foot and cycle. Greater         •	   Sustainable	sourcing.                                                    Increased levels of insulation and air-tightness in buildings to meet the
     animation of the streets will make them safer places to be through more         •	   Low	embodied	energy	(ie	the	energy	used	in	their	manufacture)            requirements of higher energy efficiency have stopped fresh air permeating
     natural surveillance.                                                           •	   Low	pollution	from	manufacture.                                          to the inside. This can cause a build up of toxins in the internal air. Careful
                                                                                     •	   Low	transportation	costs.                                                specification of internal finishes can assist in alleviating toxins.
     The whole site will be designed for reduced vehicle speeds in order to          •	   Durability	and	minimal	maintenance.                                      The selection of materials shall avoid the use of ozone depleting substances
     ensure pedestrians and cyclists feel safe. Reduced speeds will also lead to     •	   Non-hazardous.                                                           (ODP) and have a global warming potential (GWP) of less than 5, either
     lower vehicle emissions.                                                        •	   Eco-labelling	and	certification,	such	as	FSC	timber.                     in manufacture or composition.



53
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                            PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     Health and Well Being                                                               Security
     Good Daylight                                                                       The masterplan is to be designed to provide a safe and secure environment.
     Window areas will be designed to optimise natural daylight and passive solar        The advice of the Crime Prevention Officer will be sort in developing the
     gain. Where possible wide frontage dwellings will be encourage to assist in         proposals.
     optimising solar access, daylight and natural ventilation.
                                                                                         Ecology
     Sound Insulation
                                                                                         Landscape and Ecology
     Developers will be encouraged to achieve higher airborne sound insulation
     value and a lower impact sound value than the performance set out in the            The proposed development will seek to create a high quality landscape setting;
     Building Regulations Approved document Part E (2003). In apartments the
     airborne sound insulation values shall be at least 3dB higher and impact sound      •	 Where	appropriate	existing	boundary	woodland	and	other	features	will	be	
     values at least 3dB lower than the minimum requirements.                               retained and enhanced.
                                                                                         •	 Where	the	layout	provides	opportunity	for	tree	planting	these	should	be	
     Future Proofing                                                                        native species to add structure and to reinforce the local distinctiveness of
     New homes throughout the development will, wherever possible, be                       the area.
     designed to ensure that as technology develops and features which are               •	 The	 development	 will	 provide	 new	 grassland,	 wetland	 and	 woodland	
     currently unviable become affordable, the dwelling can be adapted easily to            habitats, including community orchards, allotments and gardens.
     accommodate them.
                                                                                         •	 Regulate	 storm	 water	 run	 off	 by	 utilising	 soft	 areas	 and	 employing	
     Management                                                                             Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS)
     Home User Guide                                                                     •	 Using	soft	landscaping	to	filter	out	dust	and	pollutants	as	well	as	helping	
     When properties are sold or let, the occupants will be provided with a manual          oxygenate the air and ameliorate the microclimate.
     that explains the energy efficiency, water conservation and other features of
     their home. This will explain how best to operate and maintain the systems to
     achieve the lowest possible bills and environmental impacts. This will support
     and be supported by the community wide initiatives including the district
     energy provision noted above..

     Information Systems
     To improve owner awareness in the long term, developers will be encouraged
     to provide smart home technology to provide instant read out energy use
     monitoring.
     This can be extended to the district wide scale with the energy performance
     of the district heating system monitored and recorded with read out in the
     District Centre area to identify current site usage and carbon saving generation.

     Considerate Constructors
     Contractors will be required to be considerate and good neighbours, as
     well as clean, respectful, safe, environmentally conscious, responsible and
     accountable. To ensure that the necessary standards are met all contractors will
     be required to register and comply with the requirements of the Considerate
     Constructors Scheme.



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WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                          9.0 DELIVERY
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                                                                                                                     PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     9.0 DELIVERY
     It is envisaged that Phase 1a of the WUE will be delivered within the first   The proposals for Phase 1a include a number of the planned community             Trigger points will be established through the Section 106 process for
     8 years (2012 – 2020) (subject to planning permission) of the total build     facilities identified within Chapter 7 of the (Infrastructure) of the SPD        the provision of the proposed physical infrastructure that Phase 1a must
     out period for the WUE. As explained in paragraph 10.20 of the WUE            which are timed for delivery as the wider scheme progresses to ensure            deliver, linked to the number of residential units occupied within the
     SPD, the early delivery of the main District Centre in tandem with the        that these facilities are available at a point when the need is likely to be     WUE at that point in time (therefore taking into account the dwelling
     main Phase 1 proposals (primarily residential development) will ensure        in existence by virtue of dwelling occupations within the WUE. For               occupations within the corresponding development in Phase 1).
     that much needed local services and facilities will be provided in a timely   example, the proposed Learning and Community Campus within Phase
     manner thereby ensuring that the needs of existing and new residents          1a is not scheduled for delivery until 2023 – 2026 when it is envisaged          In accordance with the aims and objectives of the SPD, this approach
     are met and that pressure on existing services and amenities will not be      that there will be sufficient pupil yield to justify the opening and operation   gives absolute certainty that development will not take place until its
     exacerbated by the wider development proposals.                               of a second primary school (with the first being located in Phase 1).            contribution to infrastructure has been met.




     WUE Phasing Plan                                                                                                          Phase 1a Sub-phases


56
WHITFIELD DOVER PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE




                     10.0 CONCLUSION
WHITFIELD, DOVER                                                                     PHASE 1a - DISTRICT CENTRE

     10.0 CONCLUSION
     This Design and Access Statement, accompanying Masterplan Response
     Statement and Planning Statement demonstrate that the proposals for
     Phase 1a of the WUE are fully compliant with the WUE SPD, which is
     currently at a very advanced stage in the adoption process.

     The proposal is consistent with the overarching phasing strategy set out
     within the SPD and would deliver timely and much needed community
     benefits in a comprehensive and high quality fashion.

     Delivery of the proposals in synergy with the residential development in
     Phase 1 will ensure that much needed services and amenities are provided
     for new and existing residents without creating additional pressure on
     current provision.

     The proposals would result in the creation of a District Hub/community
     centre in a largely central position within the wider WUE area meaning
     that it is located in an ideal location to serve an expanded Whitfield at its
     end state in approximately 2031.
     Phase 1a is a crucial element of the vision for the wider WUE and
     considered in conjunction with the proposals for Phase 1, it should be
     supported by the District Council and afforded the benefit of outline
     planning permission.




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