JAPANESE OCCUPATION (PowerPoint)

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					JAPANESE OCCUPATION
Malaya & Singapore
1942 - 1945
EFFECTS of JAPANESE
OCCUPATION

        POLITICAL



                    ECONOMIC


   SOCIAL
             POLITICAL

Resistance                Development of
Movements                 Malay Nationalism


  British Prestige
  Lowered
                     Lawlessness &
                     Violence
Resistance Movements
  MCP ( Malayan Communist Party )
   Jap Occupation - MCP could strengthen
  & expand it’s organization
  MCP estb MPAJA
  MPAJA - assisted the British in the war
  against the Jap’s
  Given weapons & ammunition by British
  End of war - MPAJA disbanded &
  weapons were returned to British
 In fact - weapons were hidden in jungle
& not returned to British
Preparation for communist revolt in the
future
MCP became a legal party
MCP leaders hoped to take control of
Malaya & set up a communist republic
Development of Malay
Nationalism
  Japanese had encouraged Malay’s to act
  in government
  Held administrative posts in govt - 1st
  time ever Malays were given power in
  country
  Made them aware that they were the
  rightful owners & citizens of Malaya
  Malays became eager to protect their
  rights & govern the country for
  themselves
 Developed strong feelings of
nationalism
These were not present pre-war
Wanted to take control of Malaya for
themselves

Formation of UMNO
To protest Malayan Union Scheme in
1946
New British Plan for Malaya post war
Evidence of Malay nationalist spirit
   British Prestige Lowered
Jap invasion & occupation had lowered
the prestige of British
British were seen as invincible before the
war
Jap defeat of the British - showed that
British were not the strongest power in
the world
People felt that the British had failed to
protect Malay as they promised
 British were not able to prevent the
sufferings & hardships of the Jap
occupation
People began to question the legitimacy
of British rule - WHY should the British
control us anymore?
This lead to the growth & development
of Nationalism
Lawlessness & Violence
After Jap surrender - absence of law &
order
   crime & violence
People took revenge against the Jap’s &
their agents
MPAJA -> took control of Malaya
MPAJA : tortured & murdered Chinese
suspected of being Jap agents &
informers
 MCP ( Malayan Communist Party) grew
in strength
Took control over towns & villages
BMA - had to use strict measures to
restore law & order
MPAJA disbanded - weapons were
handed back to the British
               SOCIAL




Racial Hostilities
                                Health Services
                                in Disorder
                1000’s People
                Dead
Racial Hostilities: Sino-Malay
antagonism
   Jap’s deliberately / purposely created
   mistrust between the races
   Policy of Divide & Rule
   Used anti- Chinese propaganda to prevent
   the Chinese & Malays from uniting against
   them
   Bad feelings between the races
   Racial fights between the races broke out at
   the end of the war
   Because of misery & long period of harsh
   military rule
Health Services in Disorder
Social & public health services were in
chaos - disrupted by war
Looted , burned & destroyed
Schools were restarted & new ones built
More children wanted to attend school
after the war
Govt provided more & better education
Hospitals re-equipped & sanitation
services
Health Services in Disorder
Preventive measures against tropical
diseases introduces - prevent outbreak
of epidemics
Roads , railways & communications
damaged & neglected
Repaired , improved & rebuilt
Food shortage problem
Solved - giving aid to local farmers &
encouraging local farmers to grow more
food
1000’s People Dead
Occupation caused death , suffering &
hardship
1000’s people died in building of the
Death Railway
1000’s people killed for helping
resistance groups
           ECONOMIC




Economic
Problems
    Economic Problems
Malayan economy disrupted : affected
her income
Tim mines , rubber estates & industries
closed down
People unemployed & not enough skilled
workers : eg. Engineers & technicians
People physically unfit for work
Buildings & properties were damaged -
bridges & docks were destroyed
Govt had to work to re-establish tin &
rubber industries
had to 1. Provide work for people
2.repair & rebuild city installations
rubber & tin mines gradually re-opened
People slowly had work opportunities
Production of other export crops - palm
oil , pineapple , tea , copra

				
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posted:11/3/2011
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