earlynationalperiodrepublicanerawebquest mark johnson by keralaguest


									Early National Period- The Republican Era

Organizing Principles
As you answer the questions and look up the terms in the Webquest be sure to
think how they relate to the organizing principles
Compare to past events under the Washington, Adams and the early Jefferson
Between 1789 and 1820, conflict over the increasing power of the national government
created intensified sectional tension.
Between 1789 and 1823, geographic isolation allowed the United States to pursue a
policy of selective involvement in world affairs.

Themes for the Early National Period (identifying change)
Westward Expansion

Jefferson Foreign Problems
    1. What was Jefferson’s vision of the ideal society?
        A:Thomas Jefferson envisioned a peaceful, agrarian society that used diplomacy,
       rather than military might, to execute America’s foreign policy.
    2. How did Jefferson believe foreign policy should be conducted?
       A:Jefferson believed that a large standing army was an invitation to dictatorship,
       and he drastically reduced the size of both the American Army and Navy.
    3. What were the Barbary Wars?
       A:The Barbary Wars (or Tripolitan Wars) were two wars between the United
       States of America and the Barbary States of North Africa in the early 19th
    4. Chesapeake Incident
       A: occurred on June 22, 1807, the British fourth-rate warship Leopard attacked
       and boarded the American frigate Chesapeake.
    5. What problems did the U.S. have with Britain and France? What was Jefferson’s
       solution? The British and French were using impressments against the U.S.
    6. Peaceable coercion
       A: his idea of “peaceable coercion” by encouraging Congress to pass the Embargo
       Act of 1807
    7. What did Jefferson assume would happen with the Embargo Act? Why was this
       assumption proven incorrect? He assumed that it would hurt the British economy
       but it didn’t because the British had other counties they could trade to other then
    8. What were the effects of the Embargo Act? Jefferson’s popularity plunged and the
       Federalist Party began to make a resurgence as voters eyed the upcoming election.
       Critics shouted that Jefferson’s decisions damaged the economy and left America

The Madison Administration
   1. Who succeeded Jefferson?
   2. What restrictions did Britain and France make on U.S. shipping? (be sure to list
      their specific names) Embargo Act, and Non-Intercourse Act
   3. Non-Intercourse Act: This Act lifted all embargoes on American shipping except
      for those bound for British or French ports. The intent was to damage the
      economies of the United Kingdom and France.
   4. Macon’s Bill #2: The law lifted all embargoes with Britain or France. If either one
      of the two countries stopped attacks upon American shipping, the United States
      would cease trade with the other, unless that country agreed to recognize the
      rights of the neutral American ships as well.
   5. What did Western settlers accuse Britain of doing? accused the British of inciting
      Indian resistance.
   6. What famous Indian chief tried to unify the Western tribe in order to end white
      encroachment? Tenskwatawa
   7. Tecumseh, The Prophet: The two worked to unify the tribes east of the
      Mississippi against the white "invaders."
   8. When William Henry Harrison defeated the Indians what problems did this
      create? It had saw the reality that there was a British-French Alliance which
      pushed America closer to war
The War of 1812 (The Forgotten War)
      1. Who were the War Hawks? War Hawk is a term originally used to describe a
          member of the House of Representatives of the Twelfth Congress of the
          United States who advocated waging war against Great Britain in the War of
      2. Who was the leader of the War Hawks? Click the link below examine the
          chart. Henry Clay
      3. What conclusions can be drawn from the chart? More representatives in the
          North did not want war and the representatives in the South wanted war
      4. What were the main theatres of operations in the War of 1812?
          A: The war was fought in four theatres: on the oceans, where the warships and
          privateers of both sides preyed on each other's merchant shipping; along the
          Atlantic coast of the U.S., which was blockaded with increasing severity by
          the British, who also mounted large-scale raids in the later stages of the war;
          on the long frontier, running along the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence River,
          which separated the U.S. from Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and
          Quebec); and finally along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
      5. What were some of the problems the United States had at the beginning of the
          War? They lacked the training and discipline necessary to undertake a military
      6. What were the results of the British Peninsula Campaign? A: the British
          burned down Washington.
      7. Battle of Bladensburg: The Battle of Bladensburg was a battle fought during
          the War of 1812. The defeat of the American forces there allowed the British
          to capture and burn Washington, D.C. It has been called "the greatest disgrace
          ever dealt to American arms
      8. Fort McHenry: Fort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a star shaped fort
          best known for its role in the War of 1812 when it successfully defended
          Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay.
      9. Harrison: Given command of the U.S. army in the Northwest.
      10. Oliver Hazard Perry: led U.S. forces in the Battle of Lake Erie and was
      11. Tecumseh: Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal
          confederacy that opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and the
          War of 1812.
      12. The Prophet
      13. Why was the Battle of Thames River a turning point in the war?
      14. Creek Wars
      15. Battle of Horseshoe Bend
      16. What treaty ended the War of 1812?
      17. What was some of its terms?
      18. What is ironic about the beginning and the end of the War of 1812?
      19. Who was the commander of the U.S. forces at the Battle of New Orleans?
      20. What effect did the War of 1812 and the Battle of New Orleans have of the
          United States?
      21. What was the Hartford Convention?
      22. What effect did the Hartford Convention have on the Federalist Party?
      23. What was the main idea of the Hartford Convention cartoon?

The Monroe Administration and the Era of Good Feelings
   1. Why was the this era called the Era of Good Feelings?
   2. What problems occurred shortly after Monroe was elected?
   3. What were some of the sectional problems during the Monroe Administration?
   4. What foreign policy problems did Monroe have?
   5. How did he solve the problem? What did this agreement entail?
Monroe’s Domestic Policy
   6. What was the Panic of 1819? What were its causes?
   7. What was the American system? What was its three components?
   8. Federally funded internal improvements
   9. What part of the American system was vetoed by President Monroe? On what
       grounds did Monroe veto it?
   10. What issues caused sectional tension?
Problems with Spain
   1. What problems did the U.S. have with Spanish Florida?
   2. How did Sect. of War, Calhoun deal with the Spanish over Florida?
   3. How did Jackson overstep his bounds?
   4. What were the terms of the Adams-Onis Treaty?
The Monroe Doctrine
   1. What precipitated the Monroe Doctrine?
   2. What was the Monroe Doctrine? What was its two main parts?
   3. What was the Monroe Doctrine? What were its two main points? What is its
      significance in U.S. history?
   4. Make Sure you click on the explore section. Do and APPARTS analysis on the
      Monroe Doctrine and the Jefferson letter to Monroe
   5. What is the main point of the political cartoon? Who do the figures represent on
      the left and right represent?

The Marshall Court
1. What were the goals of the Marshall court?
2. Fletcher v. Peck
3. Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
4. Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee
5. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
6. Gibbons v. Ogden
7. What was the significance of Marshall’s rulings in these cases?
Missouri Compromise
1. Why was the Missouri compromise necessary?
2. What were the components of the Missouri Compromise?
3. Who played a key role in the compromise?
4. How long did it last?

Foreign Policy
Neutral Rights - Freedom of the Seas

Orders in council

Continental System

Impressments - Chesapeake affair

Embargo - Non-Intercourse Act - Macon’s Bill #2 - Blue Light Federalists

War of 1812 - War Hawks - Hartford Convention

Battles of Lake Erie/Plattsburgh/Washington/New Orleans


Treaty of Ghent

Convention system

Commercial convention

Rush-Bagot agreement

Boundaries Convention

Fisheries Convention

Adams-Onis/Transcontinental/Flordia Purchase Treaty

Monroe Doctrine
Domestic Policy
Tecumseh - Tippecanoe - Horseshoe Bend

Marshall Court Decisions

Era of Good Feeling

American System

Second Bank of the United States

Protective tariff

Federally funded internal improvements

Early Industrialization

Missouri Compromise

Domestic Poliy
The "Era of Good Feelings"

Panic of 1819

The Missouri Compromise

Henry Clay's American System

Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817

Adams-Onís Treaty

McCulloch v. Maryland

Gibbons v. Ogden

The Monroe Doctrine

Philadelphia-Lancaster Turnpike

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