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					                                                                                    Vocabulary
VOCABULARY .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
REFERENCE ..................................................................................................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.1
ACRONYM ......................................................................................................................... ERROR! BOOKMARK NOT DEFINED.1
1.   ETYMOLOGY – GRE .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1  Roots – Stems .............................................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2  Nature .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5
1.3  Physics – Color, heat, sound… .................................................................................................................................................... 6
1.4  Biology ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6
1.5  Word, book… .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6
1.6  Know - learn ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6
1.7  Hear, see, touch, … ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7
1.8  Action .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
1.9  Time........................................................................................................................................................................................... 10
1.10 Quantity – numbers ................................................................................................................................................................... 11
1.11 Prefixes – suffixes ..................................................................................................................................................................... 13


1.       ETYMOLOGY – GRE
1.1         Roots – Stems
No.         Roots – stems                                -/+      Meaning                                      Examples
1.          Ac, acr                                      +        Sharp                                        Acrimonious – caustic, bitter
                                                                                                               Acerbity – bitterness of temper
                                                                                                               Acidulate – make somewhat acid or sour
2.          Agog                                                  Leader                                       Demagogue – false leader of people
                                                                                                               Pedagogue – leader of children, teacher
3.          Agr, agri, agrari                                     Field                                        Agrian – one who work in the field
                                                                                                               Agriculture – cultivation of field
                                                                                                               Peregrination – through fields, wandering
4.          Ali                                                   Another                                      Alias – assumed (another) name
                                                                                                               Alienate – estrange (turn away from another)
5.          Alt                                                   High                                         Altitude – height
                                                                                                               Altimeter – instrument for measuring heigh
6.          Alter                                                 Other                                        Altruistic – unsefish, considering others
                                                                                                               Alter ego – a second self
7.          Am, Ami, Amo (l)                             +        Love                                         Amity - friendship
            = Phil (g)                                                                                         Amicable – friendly
            ≠ phob                                                                                             Amorous – loving, especially sexually
8.          Anim                                                  Life, soul, mind, spirit                     Animadvert – cast criticism upon
                                                                                                               Unanimious – of one mind
                                                                                                               Magnanimity – greatness of mind of spirit
9.          Anthr, anthrop                                        Human,                                       Anthropology – study of human beings
                                                                  human beings                                 Misanthrope – hater of humankind
                                                                                                               Philanthropy – love of humankind, charity
10.         Apt                                          +        Fit                                          Aptitude – skill
            Ept                                                   Skill ability                                Adapt – make suitable or fit
11.         Arch                                                  Ruler, over,                                 Monarch – sole ruler
                                                                                                               Anarchy – lack of government
12.         Arch                                                  First                                        Archaelogy – study of antiquities (of first thing)
            = prim, prin, proto                                   Chief                                        Archetype = original
            ≠ sub-                                                                                             Archbishop – chief bishop
13.         Ata, sti                                              Still, unmoving
14.         Auto (l)                                              Self                                         Autocracy – rule by one person (self)
            = sol (g)                                                                                          Automobile – vehicle that moves by it self
                                                                                                               Autobiography – story of one’s own life
15.         Bell, Belli                                  -        War                                          Rebellicose – inclined to flight
                                                                                                               Belligerent – inclined to wage war
                                                                                                               Rebellious – resisting authority
16.         Ben, bene, bon                               +        Good                                         Benefactor – one who does good deeds
            ≠ mal                                                                                              Benevolence – charity (wishing good)
                                                                                                               Bonus – sth extra above regular pay

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No.         Roots – stems                                -/+      Meaning               Examples
17.         Bio, bios                                             Life                  Biography – writing about a person’s life
                                                                                        Biology – study of living things
                                                                                        Biochemist – students of the chemistry of living
                                                                                        things
18.         Bra                                                   Arm
19.         Brevi                                                 Short                 Brevity – briefness
                                                                                        Abbreviate – shorten
                                                                                        Breviloquent – marked by brevity of speech
20.         Capit, capt                                           Head                  Decapitate – remove (cut off) SO’s head
                                                                                        Captain - chief
21.         Carn                                                  Meat, flesh           Carnvivorous – flesh–eating – thuoác loaøi aên thòt
                                                                                        Carnage – destruction of the life
                                                                                        Carnal – fleshly
22.         Celer                                        +        Swift – tăng, nhanh   Celerity – swiftness
                                                                                        Decelerate – reduce swiftness
                                                                                        Accelerate – increase swiftness
23.         Civ, vici                                             Cityzen               Civilization – society of citizens, culture
                                                                                        Civilian – member of community
                                                                                        Civil - courteous
24.         Cord                                                  Heart                 Accord – agreement (from the heart)
                                                                                        Cordial (a)+ friendly
                                                                                        Discord – lack of harmony
25.         Corp, corpor                                          Body                  Incorporate – organize into body
                                                                                        Corporeal – pertaining to the body, fleshly
                                                                                        Corpse – dead body
26.         Cosm                                                  Order                 Microcosm
27.         Culp                                                  Blame
28.         Cur, cour                                             Run (a course)
29.         Cycl                                                  Cycle                 Cyclone
30.         Dem                                                   People                Democracy – rule of people
                                                                                        Demagogue (false) leader of the people
                                                                                        Epidemic – widespread (among the people)
31.         Dent                                                  Teeth                 Dentsit – person who work with teeth
32.         Derm                                                  Skin                  Epidermis – skin
                                                                                        Pachyderm – thick-skined quadruped
                                                                                        Dermatology – study of skin and its disorders
33.         Desc                                         -        Down
34.         Dext                                                  Dextterity, ability
35.         Dign, dain                                            Worth
36.         Digt                                                  Finger, digit
37.         Dorm                                                  Sleep                 Dormitory
            Somn
38.         Dynam                                        +        Power, strength       Dynamic – powerful
                                                                                        Dynamite – powerful explosive
                                                                                        Dynamo – engine making electric power
39.         Ego                                                   Self, I               Egoist – person who is self-interested
                                                                                        Egotist – sekfish person
                                                                                        Egocentric – revolving about self
40.         Equ                                                   Horse
41.         Erg, urg                                              Work                  Energy – power
                                                                                        Ergatocracy – rule of the workers
                                                                                        Metallurgy – science and study of metals
42.         Err                                          -        Wander                Error – mistake
                                                                                        Erratic – not reliable, wandering
                                                                                        Knight-errant – wandering knight
                                                                                        Aberrant (a) – deviating from the norm




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No.         Roots – stems                                -/+      Meaning                   Examples
43.         Eu                                           +        Good, well, beautiful     Eupeptic – having good digestion
                                                                                            Eulogize – praise
                                                                                            Eulogy (n) + a speech honoring the dead
                                                                                            Euphenism – pleasant way of saying sth blunt
44.         Fer, ferr                                    +        Strong , iron-like
45.         Fid                                                   Belief, faith             Infide – nonbeliever, heathen
                                                                                            Confidence – assurance, belief
46.         Fin                                                   End, limit                Confine – kip within limits
                                                                                            Finite – having definite limits
47.         Form                                                  Shape, form               Uniform
            Morph                                                                           Amorphous – formless, lacking shape
                                                                                            Metamorphosis – change of shape
                                                                                            Anthropomorphic – in hunman shape
48.         Fort                                         +        Luck, chance              Fortuitous – accidental, occurring by chance
                                                                                            Fortunate – lucky
49.         Fort                                         +        Strong                    Fortitude – strength, firmness of mind
                                                                                            Fortification – strengthening
                                                                                            Fortress – stronghold
50.         Frag, fract                                  -        Break, split              Fragile – easily broken
                                                                                            Infraction – breaking of a rule
                                                                                            Fractious – unruly, tending to break rules
51.         Frat                                                  Brother
52.         Fren                                         +        Highly energetic
53.         Gam                                                   Marriage                  Monogamy/bigamy/polygamy – marriage to 1 person
                                                                                            / 2 /many persons at the same time
54.         Gen, gener                                            Class, race, kind, type   Genus – group of animals or plants with similar traits
                                                                  Birth, creation,          Generic – characteristic of a class
                                                                                            Gender – class organize by sex
55.         Grand ≠ pec, pet                                      Big
            Magn ≠ micro
56.         Grat                                         +        Grateful
57.         Grav                                                  Weigh, heavy              Gravity
58.         Greg                                                  Flock, herd               Gregarious – tending to group together as in a herd
                                                                                            Aggregate – group, total
                                                                                            Egregious – conspicuously
59.         Gyn                                                   Female
60.         Her, hes                                              Stick (on)
61.         Hetero ≠ homo                                         Different, mixed
62.         Homo ≠ Hetero                                         Same                      Homophone
63.         It, itiner                                            Journey, road             Exit – away out
                                                                                            Itinerary – plan of journey
64.         Itis                                                  Inflammation,
                                                                  infection
65.         Iurn                                                  Place, building of
66.         Jeu, ju                                               Play, youthful
67.         Laud                                                  Praise                    Laud (v) + to praise highly
68.         Lav                                                   Wash
69.         Leg                                                   Law                       Legislature – law0making body
                                                                                            Legitimate – lawful
                                                                                            Legal – lawful
70.         Lev                                                   Rise
71.         Liber                                                 Free                      Liberation – the fact of setting free
                                                                                            Liberal – generous (giving freely), tolerant
72.         Magn ≠ micro                                          Big
            Grand ≠ pec, pet
73.         Mal, male                                    -        Bad                       Malevolent – wishing evil
            ≠ ben, bene, bon                                                                Malevolent – ill wishing
                                                                                            Malefactor – evil-doer


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No.         Roots – stems                                -/+      Meaning            Examples
74.         Man                                                   Hand               Manage, Manual
            Manu                                                  Hand               Manufacture – create (make by hand)
                                                                                     Manuscript – written by hand
                                                                                     Emancipate – free (let go from the hand)
75.         Mater, Matri                                          Mother, home       Maternity,
                                                                                     Matriarch – female ruler of family, group or state
                                                                                     Maternal – pertaining to motherhood
                                                                                     Matrilineal – descended on the mother’s side
76.         Met, meter                                            Measure
77.         Nat, natu                                             Born               Innate – from birth
                                                                                     Prenatal – before birth
                                                                                     Nativity – birth
78.         Nav                                                   Ship               Navigate – sail a ship
                                                                                     Circumnavigate – sail around the world
                                                                                     Naval – pertaining to ships
79.         Neo, nov                                     +        New                Novice – beginner
            ≠ vet                                                                    Renovate 0 make new again
                                                                                     Novelty – newness
80.         Noct                                                  Night
81.         Nom, nomen                                            Name               Synonym –
            Nym                                                                      Nomenclature – act of naming, terminology Nominal
                                                                                     – surname only (as opposed to actual)
                                                                                     Cognomen – surname, distinguishing nickname
82.         Nox, nec                                     -        Harmful
83.         Pac. Pax, plac                               +        Peace, pleasing    Pacify – making peaceful
                                                                                     Pacity – make eaceful
                                                                                     Pacifist – person opposed to war
84.         Pater, Parri                                          Father             Patriotism – love of one’s contry (fatherland)
                                                                                     Patriarch – male ruler of a family, group or state
                                                                                     Paternity – fatherhood
85.         Path                                                  Disease, feeling   Pathology – study of diseased tissue
                                                                                     Apathetic – lanking feeling, indifferent
                                                                                     Antipathy – hostile feeling
86.         Pec, pet                                              Small
            ≠ magn, magna
87.         Ped                                                   Child              Pedagogue – teacher of children
                                                                                     Pediatrician – children’s doctor
88.         Ped, pod                                              Foot               Pedal
                                                                                     Impediment – stumbling–block, hindrance
                                                                                     Tripod – three-footes stand
                                                                                     Quadruped – four-footed animal
89.         Pen, pend                                             Weight
90.         Phil (g)                                              Love               Philanthropist – benefactor, lover of humanity
            = Ami, amo (l)                                                           Anglophile – lover of everything English
            ≠ phob (g)                                                               Philandere one involved in brief love affair
91.         phob (g)                                              Fear
            ≠ Phil (g)
            = Ami, amo (l)
92.         Poten                                                 Able, powerful,    Omnipotent – all-powerful
                                                                  Power, influence
93.         Psuedo                                                False
            ≠ Ver, veri, vera
94.         Psych                                                 Mind               Psychology – study of the mind
95.         Pug                                          -        Fighting
96.         Sacr                                                  Holy               Sacrilegious – impious, violating sth holy
                                                                                     Sacrament – religious act
97.         Scend                                                 Climb
98.         Schi                                                  Split


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No.         Roots – stems                                -/+      Meaning                Examples
99.         Sect                                                  Cut                    Dissect – cut apart
                                                                                         Bisect – cut into 2 pieces
100. Sol, solo                                                    Alone
101. Somn                                                         Sleep                  Insomnia – inability to sleep
     Dorm
102. Soph                                                         Wisdom                 Philosopher – lover of wisdom
103. Soro                                                         Sister
104. String, strict                                      +        Bind                   Stringent – strict
                                                                                         Stricture – limit, sth that retrains
105. Sua                                                          Smooth
106. Tech, techn                                                  Tools
107. Term                                                         End                    Interminable – endless
                                                                                         Terminate – end
108.        Tox                                          -        Harmful, poisonous
109.        Trep                                         -        Fear, anxiety
110.        Urb                                                   City                   Urban – pertaining to a city
111.        Us, ut                                                Use
112.        Vac                                          -        Empty                  Vacuum, vacation
                                                                                         Vacuous – lacking content, empty-headed
                                                                                         Vacuate – compel to empty an area
113.        Val, vale                                             Value, feel
114.        Vend                                                  Sell
115.        Vene                                         +        Assemble, meet, come   Convene
116.        Ver, veri, vera                                       True                   Veracious – truthful
            ≠ psuedo                                                                     Versimilitude – appearance of truth
117.        Verge                                                 Boudary, together
118.        Vet                                          -        Old
            ≠ nov, neo
119.        Vete                                                  Experienced
120.        Vi, viv, vit                                 +        Alive                  Vivacious – full of life
                                                                                         Vitality – liveliness
121. Via                                                          Way                    Deviation – departure from the way
                                                                                         Viaduct – roadway (arched)
122. Vol                                                          Wish                   Malevolent – wishing SO ill
                                                                                         Volutary – of one’s own will
123. Vor                                                          Eat, consume


1.2 Nature
No. Roots – stems                                        -/+      Meaning                Examples
124. Aqua, auqa (l)                                               Water                  Aqueduct – passageway for conducting water
     = Hydr (g)                                                                          Aquatic – living in water
                                                                                         Aqua fortis – nitric acid (strong water)
125. Hydr (g)                                                     Water                  Hydrology
     = Aqua, auqa (l)
126. Aster, astro                                                 Star                   Astronomy – study of the stars
                                                                                         Asterisk – starlike type character
                                                                                         Disaster – catastrope (contrary star)
127. Helio                                                        Sun                    Heliotrope – flower that faces the sun
                                                                                         Heliogragh – instrument that uses the sun’s rays to
                                                                                         send signals.
128. Geo (g)                                                      Earth                  Geography
     = terr (l)
129. Mar, mer                                                     Sea                    Maritime – concern with seafaring
                                                                                         Submarine – under craft
                                                                                         Mariner – seafarer
130. Terr (l)                                                     Earth, Land            Terrestrial – pertaining to earth
     = geo (g)                                                                           Subterranean – underground
131. Cosm                                                         Universe, world
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1.3  Physics – Color, heat, sound…
No.  Roots – stems      -/+ Meaning                                                     Examples
132. Chrom                    Color                                                     Trichromatic – in 3 maøu
133. Jaun                     Yellow
134. verd                     Green
135. flam, fier (l)           Fire, flame
     = Pyr, pyro (g)
136. Lu, luc, lum             Light                                                     Elucidate (v)+ enlighten
                                                                                        Lucid (a)+ clear, easy to understood
                                                                                        Translucent (a) allowing some light to pass through
                                                                                        Luminous (a) + characterized by brightness and the
                                                                                        emission of light
137. Phon (g)                                                     Sound                 Phonetic
     = son (l)                                                                          Cacophony (n)(–) harsh, jarring, discordant sound;
                                                                                        dissonance
138. Pyr, pyro (g)                                                Fire, flame           Pyrolysis – nhieät phaân
     = flam, fier (l)                                                                   Pyrogenic (a) producing or producted by heat or fever
139. Son, soni (l)                                                Sound
     = Phon (g)
140. Therm                                                        Heat                  Thermostat – instrument that regulates heat


1.4         Biology
No.         Roots – stems                                -/+      Meaning               Examples
141.        Arbo                                                  Tree
142.        Herb                                                  Plant
143.        Zo                                                    Animal                Zoo


1.5 Word, book…
No. Roots – stems                                        -/+      Meaning               Examples
144. Bibli, biblio                                                Book                  Bibliography – list of book
                                                                                        Bibliophile – lover of books
                                                                                        Bible – The Book
145. Gram                                                         Write                 Epigram – pithy statement
     Graph                                                        Write                 Telegram – instantaneous message over great
                                                                                        distance
                                                                                        Stenograph – shorthand (with narrowly)
                                                                                        Autograph
146. Liber, libr                                                  Book                  Library
                                                                                        Libretto – the “book” of amusical play
                                                                                        Libel – slander (originary found in little book)
147. Log, logy                                                    Word, speech, study   Entomology – study of insect
                                                                  of                    Etymology – study of word parts and derivations
                                                                                        Monologue – speech by one person
                                                                                        Dialog, Analogy
148. Scrib, Script                                                To write              Scribe, Postscript
                                                                                        Transcribe – make a written copy
                                                                                        Script – written text
149. Verb                                                         Word                  Verbose – wordy


1.6  Know - learn
No.      Roots – stems                                    -/+             Meaning                            Examples
150. Cli                                                          Learn
151. Cogn,                                                        To know,              Recognize
     Cognosc, cognit                                              To learn              Agnostic – lacking knowledge, skeptical
                                                                                        Incognito – traveling under assumed name
                                                                                        Cognition – knowledge
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No.     Roots – stems                                     -/+             Meaning                          Examples
152. Gno, kno                                                     To know
153. Sci, scien                                                   To know             Omniscienct – knowing all
                                                                                      Conscious – aware

1.7 Hear, see, touch, …
No. Roots – stems       -/+                                       Meaning             Examples
154. Aud, audit                                                   Hear                Audible – able to be heard
                                                                                      Auditorium – lace where people may be hear
                                                                                      Audience – hearers
155. Gust                                                         Taste
156. Loq, loqui                                                   Speak               Eloquent (a +) well-spocken; expressive; articulate
     ≠ qui                                                                            Loquacious (a) extremely talkative
157. Nounce                                                       Call
158. Olfac                                                        Smell
159. Qui                                                 -        Not speak
     ≠ log, loqui
160. Qui                                                          Quiet
161. Scop (g)                                                     To see, to watch    periscope – device for seeing around corners
     = vis (l)                                                                        Microscope – device for seeing smallobjects
162. Spec, spect, spic                                            To look at          Spectator – observer
                                                                                      Circumspect – cautious (deserving to be looked down
                                                                                      on)
                                                                                      Perspicacy – clearsightedness
163. Tang, tact, ting                                             To touch            Tangent – touching
                                                                                      Contact – touch with, meeting
                                                                                      Contingent – depending upon
164. Vid, vis (l)                                                 To see              Vision – sight
     = scop (g)                                                                       Evidence – things seen
165. Voc, Vok, vocat                                              To call,            Vocation – calling, minor occupation
                                                                  Voice, call         Vocal
                                                                                      Revoke
                                                                                      Provocation - calling or rousing the eager of

1.8  Action
No.    Roots – stems                                      -/+             Meaning                          Examples
166. Ag, act                                             +        To do               Act – deed, Agent – doer
167. Amb                                                          To go, walk
168. Cad, cas                                            -        To fall             Decadent – deteriorating
                                                                                      Cadence – intonation, musical movement
                                                                                      Cascade – waterfall
169. Cap, capt, cept, cip                                +        To take             Capture – seize
                                                                                      Participate - take part
                                                                                      Precept – wise saying (originally a command)
170. Ced, cess                                           +        To yield, to go     Recede – go back, withdraw
                                                                                      Antecedent – that which goes before
                                                                                      Precess – go forward
171. Cid, cis, cise                                      -        To cut, to kill     Incision – a cut (surgical)
                                                                                      Homicide – killing of human being
                                                                                      Fratricide – killing of a brother
172. Cit, citat                                                   To call, to start   Incite – stir up, start up
                                                                                      Excite – stir up
                                                                                      Recitation – a recalling (or repeating) aloud
                                                                                      Explicit - fully revealed or expressed without
                                                                                      vagueness, implication, or ambiguity
173. Clam, clamat                                        +        To cry out          Clamorous – loud
                                                                                      Declamation – shouted approval


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No.     Roots – stems                                     -/+               Meaning                        Examples
174. Claud, clas, cloc,                                  -        To close            Claustrophobia – fear of close palces
     clud                                                                             Enclose – close in
     Cla, clo, clu                                                                    Conclude – finish
175. Compl                                               +        To fill             Complete – filled out
                                                                                      Complement – that which complete sth
                                                                                      Comply – fulfill
176. Cred, credit                                        +        To believe          Incredulous- not believing, skeptial
                                                                                      Creduality – guilibility
                                                                                      Credence – belief
177. Cur                                                          To care             Curator – person who has the care of sth.
                                                                                      Sinecure – position without responsibility
                                                                                      Recure – safe
178. Curr, curs                                                   To run              Excursion – journey
                                                                                      Cursory – brief
                                                                                      Precursor - foretuner
179. Da, dat                                                      To give             Data – facts, statistics
                                                                                      Mandate – command
                                                                                      Date – give time
180. Deb, debit                                                   To owe              Debt – sth owed
                                                                                      Indebtedness – debt
                                                                                      Debenture – bond
181. Dic, dict                                                    To say, Word        Abdicate – renounce, Dictate
                                                                                      Diction – speech
                                                                                      Verdict – statement of jury
182. Doc, doct                                                    To teach            Docile – obedient, easily taught
                                                                                      Document – sth that provides evidence
                                                                                      Doctor – learned person (originally, teacher)
183. Domin                                                        To rule             Dominate – have power over
                                                                                      Domain – land under rule
                                                                                      Dominant – prevailing
184. Duc, Duct                                                    To carry, to lead   Viaduct – arched roadway
     Dul                                                                              Aqueduct – artificial wateway
                                                                                      Conduct
185. Fac, Fact                                                    To do, to make      Facsimile, factory
     Fec, fect                                                                        Fiction – manufactured story
     Fic, fig,                                                                        Affect
186. Fall, fals                                          -        To deceive          Fallacious – misleading
                                                                                      Infallible – not pronte to error, perfect
                                                                                      Falsify – lie
187. Fect                                                         To do, to make      Perfect
188. Fer, lat                                                     To bring, to bear   Transfer – bring from one place to another
                                                                                      Translate – bring from one language to another
                                                                                      conifer – bearing cones, as pine trees
189. Flect, flex                                                  To bend, curve      Flexible – able to bend
                                                                                      Deflect – bend away, turn aside
190. Fug                                                          To flee             Fugitive – SO. Who flees.
                                                                                      Refuge – shelter, home for SO fleeing
191. Fus                                                          To pour             Effusive – gushing, purring out
                                                                                      Defuse (v) widespread (poured in many direction)
                                                                                      Diffuse (v)
192. Grad, gress                                                  To go, to step      Digress – go astray (from the main point)
                                                                                      Regress – go backward
                                                                                      Gradual – step by step
193. Jac, jact, jec                                               To throw            Projectile – missile, sth thrown forward
                                                                                      Trajectory – path taken by thrown object
                                                                                      Ejaculatory – casting or throwing out




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No.     Roots – stems                                     -/+              Meaning                              Examples
194. Jur, jurat                                          -        To swear                Perjure – testify falsely
                                                                                          Jury – group of men and women sworn to seek the
                                                                                          trut
                                                                                          Adjuration – solem urging
195. Labor, laborat                                               To work                 Laboratory- place where work is done ,
                                                                                          Collaborate – work together with others ,
                                                                                          Laborious – difficult
196. Leg, lect, lig                                               To choose, to read      Election, electic (a) +composed of elements drawn
                                                                                          from various sources
                                                                                          Legible – able to read
                                                                                          Eligible – able to be selected
197. Loqu, locut                                                  To talk                 Soliloquy – speech by one individual
                                                                                          Loquacious – talkative
                                                                                          Elocution – speech
                                                                                          Grandiloquence (n) pompous speech or expression
198. Miss                                                         To send                 Missile – projectile
     Mit                                                                                  Dismiss – send away
                                                                                          Transmiss – send across
                                                                                          Submit
199. Mob,                   mobi,           mot,                  To move                 Mobilize – cause to move
     mov                                                                                  Motility – ability to move
                                                                                          Immovable – not able to be moved
200. Mon, monit                                                   To warn                 Admonish – warn
                                                                                          Premonition – foreboding
                                                                                          Monitor – waitcher (warner)
201. Mor, mori, mort                                     -        To die                  Mortuary – funeral parlor
                                                                                          Moribund – dying
                                                                                          Immorital – not dying
202. Mut                                                          To change               Immutable – not able to be change
                                                                                          Mutate – undergo a great change
                                                                                          Mutability – changeableness, inconstancy
203. Neg                                                 -        To deny                 Negation – denial
                                                                                          Renege – deny, go back on one’s word
                                                                                          Renegade – turncoat, traitor
204. Oper                                                         To work                 Operate – work
                                                                                          Cooperation – working together
205. Pass                                                         To feel                 Dispassionate – feel of emotion
                                                                                          Impassioned – emotion –filled
                                                                                          Impassive – showing no feeling
206. Pel, puls                                                    To drive                Compulsion – a forcing to do
                                                                                          Repel – drive back
                                                                                          Expel – drive out, banish
207. Pet, petit                                                   To seek                 Petition – request
                                                                                          Appetite – craving, decire
                                                                                          Compete – vie with others
208. Pon, pos, posit                                              To place                Postpone – place after
                                                                                          Positive – definite, unquestioned (definitely places)
209. Port, portat                                                 To carry                Portable – able to carried
                                                                                          Transport – carry across
210. Put, putat                                                   To trim, to calculate   Computation – calculate
                                                                                          Amputate – cut off
211. Quer,                  ques,           quir,                 To ask                  Inquiry – investigation
     quis                                                                                 Inquisitive – questioning
                                                                                          Query – question
212. Reg, rect                                                    To rule                 Regent – ruler
                                                                                          Insurrection – rebellion , overthrow pf a ruler
213. Rid, ris                                                     To laugh                Derision – scorn
                                                                                          Ridiculous – deserving to be laughed at
214. Rog, rogat                                                   To ask                  Interrogate – question

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No.    Roots – stems                                      -/+              Meaning                               Examples
215. Rupt                                                -        To break               Interrupt – break into
                                                                                         Rupture – a break
216. Sed, sess, sid                                               To sit                 Sedentary – inactive (sitting)
217. Sens, sent                                                   To think, to feel      Resent – show indignation
                                                                                         Sensitive – showing feeling
218. Sequi, secut, seque                                          To follow              Consecutive – follow in order
                                                                                         Sequence – arrangement
                                                                                         Sequel – that which follow
                                                                                         Nonsequitur – sth that does not follow logically
                                                                                         Subsequently
219. Solv, solut                                                  To loosen              Absolve – free from blame
                                                                                         Dissolve – morally lax
220. Spir                                                         To breathe             Respiratory – retaining to breathing
                                                                                         Spirited – full of life (breathe)
221. Stru, struct                                                 To build               Constructive
                                                                                         Construe – analyze (how sth is built)
222. Ten, tent                                                    To hold                Tenable – able to be held
                                                                                         Retentive – holding, having a good memory
223. Tors, tort                                                   To twist               Distort – twist out of true shape or meaning
                                                                                         Torsion – act of twist
224. Tract                                                        To drag, to pull, draw Attractive
                                                                  out                    Distract – pull (one’s attention ) away
                                                                                         Intractable – stubborn, unable to be dragged
225. Trud, trus                                                   To push, to shove      Intrude – push one’s way in
                                                                                         Protrusion – sth sticking out
226. Vad, vas                                                     To go                  Invade – enter in a hostile fashion
                                                                                         Evasive – not frank, eluding
227. Ven, veni, vent                                              To come, to go         Advent
                                                                                         Intervene – come between,
                                                                                         Prevent – stop
                                                                                         Convention – meeting
228. Vers, Vert                                                   To turn                Reverse, Convert
                                                                                         Vertigo – turning dizzy recert – turn back (to earlier
                                                                                         state)
                                                                                         Diversion – sth causing one to turn aside
229. Vinc, vict, vanq                                             To conquer             Invincible – unconquerable
                                                                                         Victory – winning
                                                                                         Vanquish – defeat
230. Vol, Volv, volut                                             To roll,               Revolve – roll around
                                                                                         Convolution – coiled state
                                                                                         Evolution
                                                                                         Involve
                                                                                         Volatile (a) fly, evaporize

 1.9 Time
No.    Roots – stems                                      +/-           Meaning                                    Examples
231. Aev, ev                                                      Age, era                 Primeval – of the first age
                                                                                           Coeval – of the same age or era
                                                                                           Medieval, mediaeval – of the middle ages
232. Ann, enn                                                     Year                     Annuity – yearly remittance
                                                                                           Biennial – every 2 years
                                                                                           Perennial – present all year, persisting for several
                                                                                           years
233. Ante -                                                       Before                   Antecedent – preseding event or word
                                                                                           Antediluvian – ancient (befor the flood)
                                                                                           Antecede – Precede
234. Chron (g)                                                    Time
235. Di, diurn                                                    Day                      Diary, diurnal – pertaining to daytime

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No.     Roots – stems                                     +/-              Meaning                                   Examples
236. Post-                                                        After                      Posthumous – after dead
237. Pre-                                                         Before                     Preamble – introductory statement
                                                                                             Premonition – forewarning
238. Prim-                                                        First                      Primordial – existing at the dawn of time
239. Proto-                                                       First                      Prototype – first of its kind
240. Temp, tempo (l)                                              Time                       Contemporary



1.10 Quantity – numbers
No.    Roots – stems    +/-                                                Meaning                               Examples
241. Ambi-                                                         Both                      Ambiguous – of double meaning
     Amphi-, ampho-                                                                          Ambivalent – having 2 conflict emotions, uncertain
                                                                                             Amphibious (a) Living both on land and in water.
                                                                                             Amphitheater (n) An edifice of elliptical shape,
                                                                                             constructed about a central open space or arena.
242. Arch, prim, prin,                                             First                     Archetype = original
     proto                                                         Chief                     Archbishop – chief bishop
243. Bi-, di-, du, duo,                                            Two                       Diatomic – goàm hai nguyeân töû
     diplo, -ploid, dys,                                                                     Dichotomy – division into 2 parts
     Deuter,                                                                                 Dilemma – choice between 2 bad alternatives
                                                                                             Dyade – theå ñoâi
                                                                                             Deuterium – ñieåm dotori
                                                                                             Deuterocanonical – kinh thaùnh haïng thöù
                                                                                             Duplex – phöông phaùp ñuùc ñoâi
                                                                                             Duality – tính hai maët , tính ñoái ngaãu
                                                                                             Secondine – voû trong
244. Cent-, centi-,                                                One hundred,              Century, centennial – 100 anniversal,
     centesim-, hect-,                                             one hundredth             Centipede – many footed, wingless animal
     hecto-, hecato
245. Dec-, decem- deca-,                                           Ten,
     deka-                                                         One tenth
246. Demi, semi, hemi,                                             Half,                     Demigod – partly divine being
     medi, med                                                     Partly
247. Meg, mega                                                     1,000,000, million        Megalomania – delusion of grandeur
                                                                                             Megaton
248. Mill-, milli-,                                                1,000, One thousand
     millesim-, kilo-                                              One thousandth
249. Min, minim                                                    Little, least, smallest
250. Multi, myria, poly                                            Many                      Multifarious – having many parts
                                                                                             Multitudinous – numerous
                                                                                             Polyglot – speaking several languages
251.        Myria                                                  10,000
252.        Non, novem, ennea                                      Nine
253.        Oct, octa-, octi-, octo                                Eigh
254.        Oligo, pauci                                           Few                       Obliarchy – government by a few
255.        Omni                                                   All                       Omniscient – all knowing
                                                                                             Omnipotent – all powerful
                                                                                             Omnivorous – eating everything
256. Pan, panto                                                    All every                 Panacea – cure-all
                                                                                             Panorama – unobstructed view in all directions
257. Penta-, quin-,                                                Five
     quinque, quinti,
     quintust, quinque
258. Quard-, quarter-,                                             Four
     quart-, tetra-, tetares
259. Sept, hept                                                    Seven
260. Sesqui

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No.       Roots – stems                                     +/-           Meaning                        Examples
261. Sex, sexa-, sexi-,                                           Six
     hexa-, hexo-
262. Tri-, ter-, terti-, tri-                                     Three             Triannuel – 3 naêm moät laàn
     treis, trios, tres,                                                            Trilogy – taùc phaåm boä ba
     tertius, triplo                                                                Ternary – goàm 3 nguyeân toá
                                                                                    Tervalent – trivalent
263. Uni-, uno-                                                   One               Uniform,
     Mono (l),                                                                      Unison - SO. Of pitch, complete accord
     Sole (g),                                                    First             Monotonous – ñôn ñieäu
     hen,                                                                           Henotheism – ñaïo moät thaàn toái cao
     Prim, Proto,                                                                   Primordial – existing at the dawn of time
                                                                                    Prototype – first of its kind




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 1.11 Prefixes – suffixes
No. Prefixes Word Suffixes                                         New word   +/-   Meaning                        Examples
264. A-, an-                                                                  -   Without          Anarchy – lack of government
                                                                                                   Amoral – without moral sense
265. Ab-,                                                                     -   Away from,       Abnormal
     abs-                                                                         negative         Abduct – lead way, kidnap
                                                                                  meaning          Abjure – renounce
266. Ac-, ad-,                                                                +   To, toward       Adit – entrance, advance
     af-, ag-,                                                                                     Accord – agreement, harmony
     an- ap,                                                                                       Affiction – cause of distress
     ar-, as-,                                                                                     Aggregation – collection
     at -                                                                                          Annexation – addition
                                                                                                   Appease – bring toward peace
                                                                                                   Arraignment - indictment
                                                                                                   Assumption – arrogance, taking for
                                                                                                   granted
                                                                                                   Attendance – presence, the persons
                                                                                                   present
267. Acro                                                                         End, extreme,    Acrobat – ngöôøi nhaøo loän
                                                                                  highest,
                                                                                  topmost
268. Ana-                                                                         Up, again,       Analyze – loosen up, break up into parts
                                                                                  anew,            anagram – word spelled by mixing up
                                                                                  throughout       letter of another word
269. An -                                                                     -   Against ,        Antipathy – hatred
     Anti -                                                                       opposite         Antithetical – exactly opposite
270. Auto                                                                     +   self
271. Be-                                                                          Over,            Bedaub – smear over
                                                                                  thoroughly       Befuddle – confuse thoroughly
272. Cata-                                                                    -   Down             Catastrophe – disaster
                                                                                                   Cataract – waterfall
                                                                                                   Catapult – hurl (throw down)
273. Circum                                                                       Around           Circumnavigate – sail around (the globe)
                                                                                                   Circumspect – cautious (looking around)
                                                                                                   Circumscribe – limit (place a circle
                                                                                                   around)
274. Com-,                                                                    +   With, together   Combine – merge with
     co-, col-,                                                                                    Coeditor – joint editor
     con-,                                                                                         Collateral – subordinate, connected
     cor-                                                                                          Conference – meeting
                                                                                                   Corroborate – confirm
275. Contra-                                                                  -   against          Contravene – conflict with
     Contro-                                                                                       Controverse – dispute
     Counter-
276. De-                                                                      -   Down, away       Debase – lower in value
                                                                                                   Decadence – deterioration
277. Dia-                                                                         Across           Diagonal – across a figure
                                                                                                   Diameter – distance across a circle
278. Dis-, dif-                                                               -   Not, apart       Discord – lack of harmony
     di-                                                                                           Digress – turn away from the subject
                                                                                                   Disabuse (v+) to undeceive, to set right
279. Dys-                                                                     -   Faulty, bag      Dyslexia – faulty ability to read

280. E-, ef-,                                                                 -   Out              Expel – drive out
     ej-, ex-                                                                                      Eject – through out
281. Extra-                                                                       Beyond,          Extracurricular – beyond the curriculum
     Extro-                                                                       outside
     Exter-
282. En-, em-                                                                 -   Into
283. Epi-                                                                         Upon

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No. Prefixes                      Word             Suffixes        New word   +/-     Meaning                           Examples
284. Equ-,                                                                          Equal            Equivalent
     equi-
285. Esece-                                                                         Become
286. Hyper-                                                                   +     Above,           Hyperbole – exaggeration
                                                                                    excessively
287. Hypo-                                                                    -     Beneath, lower   Hypoglycemia – low blood sugar
288. In-, il-,                                                                -     Not              Inefficient = not efficient
     ig- im-,
     ir-
289. In-, il-,                                                                +     In, on, upon     Invite – call in
     im-, ir-
290. Inter-                                                                   +     Between,         Intervene – come between
                                                                                    among
291. Intra-                                                                         Within           Intramural – within a school
     Intro-
292. Macro-                                                                   +     Large, long      Macrobiotic – tending t prolong life
293. Meta-                                                                          Involving        Metamorphosis – change of form
                                                                                    change,
                                                                                    More beyond
294. Mic,                                                                           Small, tiny      Microcosm – miniature universe
     micro
295. Mis-                                                                     -     Bad, improper    Misunderstand
296. Mis-,                                                                    -     Hatred           Misogyny – hatred of women
     miso-
297. Non-                                                                     -     Not              Nonentity – nobody
298. Ob-, oc-,                                                                -     Against
     of-, op-
299. Par-                                                                           Equal
300. Para-                                                                          Beyond,
                                                                                    related
301. Per-                                                                     +     Through,
                                                                                    completely
302. Peri-                                                                          Around, near     Periscope – device for seeing all around
303. Peri                                                                           Around, near
304. Pro-                                                                     +     Forward, in      Proceed – go forward
                                                                                    favor of         Prowar – in favor of war
305. Prox-                                                                          Near
306. Psedo-                                                                   -     False
307. Re-                                                                            Again, back      Rethink
308. Reto-                                                                          Backward         Retrospective – looking backward
     Retro-
309. Se-                                                                            Away, aside      Seclude – keep away
310. Arch ≠                                                                   +     Over             Archetype = original
     sub                                                                                             Archbishop – chief bishop
311.
312. Sub, suc,                                                                -     Under, less      Subjugate – bring under control
     suf,                                                                                            Succumb – yield, ceases to resist
     sug,                                                                                            Suffuse – spread through
     sup, sus                                                                                        Suggest – hint
                                                                                                     Suppress - put down by force
                                                                                                     Suspend - delay, temporarily cease
313. Super,                                                                         Over, above      Supernatural – above natural things
     sur                                                                                             Surtax – additional tax
314. Syn,                                                                     +     With, together   Synchronize – time together,
     sym, syl,                                                                                       Sympathize – pity, identify with
     sys                                                                                             Syllogism - explanation of how ideas
                                                                                                     relate
                                                                                                     System
315. Tele-                                                                          Far              Telegraphic,

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No. Prefixes                     Word             Suffixes        New word   +/-      Meaning                        Examples
316. Trans-                                                                        Across            Transport
317. Ultra-                                                                        Beyond,           Ultracritical
                                                                                   excessive
318. Un-                                                                     -     Not               Unkempt – not combed
319. Under-                                                                        Below             Underling – SO inferior
320. Vice-                                                                         In place of,      Viceroy – governor acting in place of
                                                                                   Next in rank to   king
321. With-                                                                   -     Away, agaisnt     Withstand – stand up agaisnt, resist
322.                                              -able,          Adj              Capable of        Portable
                                                  -ible                                              Legible
323.                                              -ac,            Adj              Like,             Cardiac – pertaining to the heart
                                                  -ic                              pertaining to     Aquatic – pertaining to the water
324.                                              -acious,        Adj              Full of           Audacious – full of daring
                                                  icious                                             Avaricious – full of greed
325.                                              -age                             Sum, total        Mileage – total number of miles
326.                             N                –al             Adj              Pertaining to     Maniacal – insane
                                                                                                     Portal – doorway
                                                                                                     Logical – pertaining to logic
327.                                              - ance, -       N                Act or state of   Disturbance
                                                  ancy
328.                                              –ant,           Adj              Full of           Eloquent – pertaining to fluid, effective
                                                  -ent                                               speech
                                                                                                     Verdent – green
329.                                              –ant,           N                One who           Suppliant – pleader (person who full of
                                                  -ent                                               requests )
330.                                              -ary            Adj              Like,             Honorary, luminary – celestial body
                                                                                   connected with
331.                                              -ar, -ary       N                Like,          Dictionary
                                                                                   connected with
332.                                              -ate            V                To make        Consecrate – to make holy
                                                                                                  Enervate – to make weavery
                                                                                                  Mitigate – to make less severe
333.                                              -cy             N                State of being Democracy – government ruled by the
                                                                                                  people
                                                                                                  Obstinacy – stubbornness
334.                                              -dom            N                State, rank,,  Wisdom
                                                                                   that which
                                                                                   belongs to
335.                                              -eer,           N                Person who     Mutineer – person who rebels
                                                  -er,                                            Lecher – person who lust
                                                  -or                                             Censor – person who deletes improper
                                                                                                  remarks
336.                                              -ence           N                Act, state or  Dependence
                                                                                   quality of
337.                                              -esent          Adj              Becoming       Evanescent – tending to vanish
                                                                                                  Pubescent – arriving at puberty
338.                                              -fic            Adj              Making, doing Terrific – arousing great fear
                                                                                                  Soporific – causing sleep
339.                             N                –ful            Adj        +
340.                                              -fy             V                To make           Magnify – enlarge
                                                                                                     Petrify – turn to stone
341.                                              -iferous        Adj              Producing,        Pestiferous – carrying disease
                                                                                   bearing           Vociferous – bearing a loud voice
342.                                              -il, ile        Adj              Pertaining to,    Puerile – pertaining to a boy or child
                                                                                   capable of        Civil – polite
                                                  -hood           N                State,            Adulthood, childhood
                                                                                   condition
343.                             V                –ion ,          N                That which is     Exasperation = irritation
                                                  -ation                                             Irritation – annoyance

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No.        Prefixes              Word             Suffixes        New word   +/-      Meaning                        Examples
344.                             N                –ish            Adj        -
345.                                              -ic, -ac        Adj              Of, like          Demonic
346.                                              -ious           Adj              Having,           Anxious
                                                                                   characterized
                                                                                   by
347.                                              -ish            Adj              Like,
                                                                                   somewhat
348.                                              -ism            N                Doctrine,         Monotheism – belief in one god
                                                                                   belief            Fanaticism – excessive zeal, extreme
                                                                                                     belief
349.                                              -ist            N                Dealer, doer      Realist – one who is realistic
                                                                                                     Artist – one who do with art
350.                                              -ity, -ty,      N                State of being    Credulity – state of being unduly willing
                                                  -y                                                 to believe
                                                                                                     Sagacity – wisdom
351.                             N                -ive            Adj              Like              Quantitative – concerned with quantity
                                                                                                     Effusive – gushing
352.                                              -ize,           V                To make           Harmonize – make harmonious
                                                  -ise                                               Enfranchise – make free or set free
353.                             N                –ly             Adj
354.                                              -logue                           Speech or         Monologue – speech by one person
                                                                                   writing
355.                             Adj              –ly             Adv
356.                                              -logy                            Speech, study     Geology
                                                                                   of
357.                             V                -ment           N                Act or state      Abandonment
358.                                              -mony           N                A resulting       Patrimony – property inherited from
                                                                                   thing,            one’s father
                                                                                   condition, or
                                                                                   state
359.                             Adj              -ness           N                Act or quality    Kindness
360.                                              -ory                             Having the        Compensatory – having the quality of
                                                                                   quality of,       compensation
                                                                                   place or thing    Lavatory – place for washing
                                                                                   for
361.                                              -ous            Adj              Full of           Nauseous – full of nausea
                                                                                                     Ludicrous – foolish
362.                                              -oid            Adj              Resembling,       Ovoid – like an egg
                                                                                   like              Anthropoid – resembling a human being
                                                                                                     Spheroid – resembling a sphere
363.                                              -ose            Adj              Full of           Verbose – full of words
364.                                              -ship           N                Skill, state of   Horsemanship – skill in riding
                                                                                   being             Ownership – state of being an owner
365.                                              -osis           N                Condition         Psychosis – disease mental condition
                                                                                                     Hypnosis – condition of induces sleep
366.                                              -tude           N                State of          Fortitude – state of strength
                                                                                                     Certitude – state of sureness
367.                             N                –y              Adj              Full of, like,    Wily – full of wiles
                                                                                   somewhat
368.                                              -ward                            In the            Homeward
                                                                                   direction of
369.                                              -some           Adj              Full of, like     Frolicsome – playful
370.




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