Homelessness Homelessness and Occupational Justice by liaoqinmei

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									    Homelessness and
   Occupational Justice




    Mary Melvin, Amy Sinclair, Cathy Healy,
Nicola Greene, Megan O’Carroll, Jessica Holland
Aim:

The aim of our presentation is:

   To evaluate the services provided to
    homeless people in Scotland, focusing on
    Edinburgh and Glasgow, two of the biggest
    cities in Scotland
Definition of Homelessness

   In the broadest sense homelessness is the problem
    faced by people who lack a place to live that is
    supportive, affordable and secure.
                                   (ODPM (2002)

   Being homeless doesn’t just mean sleeping on the
    streets, you don’t have to be roofless to be
    considered homeless
    (Shelter 2006)
What Causes Homelessness?

   Economic factors:
     – Access
     – Location
     – Lack of security
     – Gender- women


   Social factors:
     – Domestic dispute
     – Environment
Homeless in Scotland

   Edinburgh as a city
   Homeless services
   OTs role
   Models
   Successful?
Homeless in Scotland

   Glasgow as a city
   Homeless services
   OTs role
   Models
   Successful?
Case Study

                       Ann’s
                       History




                       Ann
                                 The Model
       Occupational
                                     of
          Therapy
                                  Human
        Intervention
                                 Occupation
Occupational Justice

   Occupation as a central feature of human existence

   Look beyond ‘work’. Occupations are all ways in
    which we occupy ourselves. (Townsend 2003)

   Homelessness can affect how a person carries out
    an occupation with fair treatment from society.

   Being homeless can impact on both physical and
    mental health. This can affect carrying out
    occupations.
Social exclusion

   ‘Homelessness is not an isolated problem, but part
    of a broader phenomenon of social exclusion’
    (housingrights.org.uk)

   Evidence of identity required to obtain financial
    services or receiving benefits

   Financial debt

   Families: access to education problematic,
    potentially creating further difficulties for them in later
    life.
Conclusion

   Comparison of services

   The need for more OTs in this area

   A change in society’s views
    References:
   Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions (2002) More
    than a roof: A Report into Tackling Homelessness London: HMSO.
    http://www.housing.odpm.gov.uk/information/homelessness/morethanaroof/i
    ndex.htm.

   Crisis UK- Fighting for hope for homeless people, 2005. www.crisis.org.uk

   Shelter (2006)

   Shelter (2007)- Homelessness fact sheets. www.scotland.shelter.org.uk

   Scottish executive publications (2007) Homelessness- An Action plan for
    prevention and effective response report from the homelessness task force
    to Scottish ministers

								
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