WHO COUNTRY OFFICE, COTE D’IVOIRE
H E A L T H A C T I O N S I N C R I S I S S I T U A T I O N
Daily 17 Situation Report
A – Situation analysis
1. political and security majors events
The acute political and security situation in Côte d’Ivoire led the UN system to maintain the
security phase IV in Guiglo and surrounding neighborhoods.
On 28 January 2006, President Laurent Gbagbo issued a Decree extending the mandate of the
National Parliament. According to the President's spokesman Désiré Tagro, the decision was
taken after consultations with the Prime Minister, who had allegedly admitted that the issue lay
“within the exclusive powers” of the President. Meanwhile, the Prime Minister of the Ivorian
transitional government, Charles Konan Banny, did not deny nor confirm such statement. After
a meeting over the weekend with Congolese President, Denis Sassou N’Guesso, the new
African Union Chairman, said, “I am committed to organize elections according to plan” and
confirmed that he was working « in tandem » with President Laurent Gbagbo. He also added
that Congolese President Denis Sassou N’Guesso fully supported the U.N. roadmap for Côte
By his decision to extend the mandate of the Parliamentarians, “President Gbagbo has put
Banny and the International Working Group in a tight corner,” reports Soir Info, a privately
The UN Secretary General voiced concern regarding the «unexpected » decision by the
President. Mr. Annan stressed the need to avoid any unilateral action, and recalled that the
parties must strictly adhere to the implementation of UN resolution 1633.
According to Le Nouveau Réveil, a privately owned daily, close to the opposition PDCI-RDA
party, “This is the week for all sorts of dangers in Côte d’Ivoire as the African Union rejects
President Gbagbo’s decision and supports the Prime Minister, Charles Konan Banny.” In an
interview with the paper, the New Forces leader, Soro Guillaume, states categorically that, “The
mandate of the National Assembly is over.”
Meanwhile, on 30 January the privately owned daily l’Inter quoted the UN Secretary General’s
Representative in Côte d’Ivoire, Pierre Schori as saying that “sanctions are the only solution to
stop the impunity” and that “the majority of Ivoirian youths are waiting for the UN to react.”
Forces Nouvelles (FN) declared on 28 January 2006 that the President’s decision to extend the
mandate of the Parliament was null and void. FN spokesman Sidiki Konate underlined that the
FN will follow the recommendations of the International Working Group. In the meantime,
the FN Secretary General Guillaume Soro continues his tour to the West of the country
meeting with population and businessmen.
On 30 January the FN leader held a public meeting in Man. He declared that Ivorians are tired
of war and the hesitations of the international community. He stressed that the international
community have being repeatedly delaying the imposition of sanctions against those who hinder
the peace process and this is the reason why the peace process reached a stalemate. Mr. Soro
underlined that the issue of the National Assembly’s mandate was not the real motive behind
the recent street demonstrations in Abidjan. What happened on 16-19 January 2006, he said,
was a « coup d’Etat against the Government of Charles Konan Banny » and added that Forces
Nouvelles were awaiting the UN response.
Mr. Soro categorically stated « we will not give our coffee and cocoa to Gbagbo» and asked the
Colonel-major Moussa Fofana to set up a special commission to deal with the problem of
coffee and cocoa export. The FN leader expressed also his particular concern about school
exams organisation. He promised to discuss the issue with the Prime Minister during his
planned visit to Bouaké on 03 February 2006.
Meanwhile a South African delegation headed by the Defence Minister Mosiuoa Lekota and
Foreign Affairs Vice Minister Aziz Pahad arrived on 31 January 2006 in Abidjan to hold talks
with President Gbagbo, Prime Minister Charles Konan Banny and UN High Representative for
elections in Côte d’Ivoire to discuss the overall situation in the country, the electoral process
and, particularly, the issue of the Independent Electoral Commission. The South African
delegation also plans to meet with FPI (Front Populaire Ivoirien) leaders and some opposition
parties. Forces Nouvelles authorities declared they will not be available to meet with the South
2. Security situation
• The Security Phase is still phase three. PHASE IV has been declared for the sub-sector
of Guiglo due to the recent events and riots happened in that area with the leave of the
UN staffs. Arrangements are underway to make the whole southern part of the country
Security Phase IV.
• UN staffs in Daloa are still worrying about their security.
• In Yamoussoukro, Bondoukou and Tabou, the situation seems to be calm.
• No new event has been reported so far from Man and Guiglo. The situation in the
north is calm. However the Forces Nouvelles(FN) are reinforcing their response
capacity with staffs and materials
• The security situation is still a concern in Abidjan. Rumours of demonstrations if
sanctions are taken against certain personalities, are going around
• All staffs have been requested to respect security rules and follow the daily radio check.
• The security system has been reinforced with the appointment of two security focal
person (International and National) to facilitate the sharing security information as well
as to update on the situation on course.
3. Humanitarian Situation
At the weekend, a joint security assessment mission to Guiglo was fielded to re-establish contact
with local civil and military authorities, evaluate the damage to UN property, ascertain the
security of displaced and vulnerable persons, particularly those in sites, and the security needs
of local UN and NGO staff still present in the area.
The mission met with all concerned parties, including the local governor Guié Globo, the préfet
Danon Djédjé, leaders of the Committee of the victims, of the National coalition of Ivorian
resistance fighters (CONARECI) and movement of Young Patriots and the student’s
movement. All in all, most of the concerned parties met expressed no remorse yet urged UN
humanitarian agencies to return to the area and to resume operations, when and if they meet
certain conditions. The speeches and statements continue to be hostile towards the UN, in
particular towards the military. Local leaders and youth have said that they would not accept the
return of the BANBATT under any circumstances.
In the course of the field visit, according to the daily l’Inter, Yai Octave, Vice-president of the
Guiglo General Council and President of the local Crisis committee, stated, “ONUCI killed
and wounded. We have problems to cope with the funerals of our dead and the cure of the
wounded. We expect ONUCI to take charge of it”. The daily reports also Serges Koffi, leader
of CONARECI, the movement that instigated the demonstrators against ONUCI, as saying that
“It is up to ONUCI to pay for the funerals of our dead and to fully indemnify their families.
Only after it, we may discuss the return of the humanitarian organisations”.
Meanwhile, the security of some 7,000 displaced persons and almost a similar number of
refugees in the west of the country, in the Guiglo area remains of concern. With UNOCI
troops temporarily relocated from the town and other UN agencies and humanitarian
organizations withdrawn, the security of the two rather vulnerable groups now rests in the hands
of the Ivorian security agents. Fortunately for the time being, the displaced persons had just
received their rations of food and non-food items before the attacks of the week between 16
and 19 January.
In an unrelated development, WFP conducted an assessment mission to Tabou on 26-28
January 2006, following recent inter-community clashes resulting in 09 people dead and several
injured. For a full report on the root causes of the clashes, please read the daily report dated the
27th of January. Local inhabitants fled to the nearby villages and the Catholic mission in Tabou.
On 27 January 2006, the WFP team registered a dozen of IDPs in Ouéguiré, 18 IDPs in
Déhié, 16 Liberians in Ménéké and Gliké V3. During the first days, 153 IDPs were registered
at the Catholic Mission of Tabou; the number decreased to 115 on 24 January and to 81 on 27
January. According to the local NGO SAARA, 47 Liberians came to the Tabou transit site
following the attacks; the Catholic Mission reported to have referred 04 Liberian IDPs to HCR.
According to the FPI daily Notre Voie, the President of the Liberation Front of the Great West
(FLGO), Maho Glofiéi reassured the IDPs and refugees sheltered in Guiglo “not to worry”
and to consider unfounded the rumours concerning the threats of possible attacks on IDPs and
IDPs who left the Catholic Mission went to their villages of origin (Boundoukou, Tanda) or
joined their relatives in other towns (San-Pedro and Abidjan).
At the Catholic Mission two rooms were made available to IDPs, one for men and one for
women. The latter room is equipped with 22 beds and mattresses while men sleep on the mats.
IDPs use 02 water points, 04 latrines and 04 showers. HCR delivered non-food items and the
Catholic Mission provides food. As of 27 January, the IDPs were provided three meals a day.
B. WHO response so far:
• Restriction in staff’s movements has slowed downed activities planned into the country.
• 7 essential WHO staffs remain in the country for the ongoing Health activities.
• Meetings with other UN partners are kept almost on daily basis.
• Following up with AFRO on the transfer of funds requested to improve security of
WHO Staffs and premises.