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					                     Drugs In Sport



Drugs in sport ARH
Misuse of Drugs
   A drug (legal or illegal) is any chemical
    substance that affects the way your body
    works usually by enhancing performance.



   Doping is the use of banned drugs in sport




    Drugs in sport ARH
Reasons for taking Drugs
   To improve performance
   To kill pain so they can keep going
   To build muscles quicker than they can do by
    training
   To calm themselves before an important event




    Drugs in sport ARH
    Why is Doping not allowed?
   Taking drugs to
    improve performance
    is cheating
   The health of sports
    people must be
    protected
   The image of sport is
    that it is a healthy
    pastime, this must be
    kept
       Drugs in sport ARH
Pressures on sports people to take
drugs?

    Professional Sport must win (financial reward/ success/
     fame)
    Prepared to cheat to win & risk health consequences
    Media pressure to succeed
    Pressure from ‘up & coming’ stars need to retain status
    Pressure to maintain performance – ‘life at the top is
     short’
    Pressure from club (success)
    Social pressure associated with star status may result in
     drug abuse
          Drugs in sport ARH
Control of drugs
 Detection is via a simple urine test
 Random tests often take place at major

  sporting events
Problems with effectiveness of drug testing
 They can avoid detection

 Benefit outweigh dangers

 Cost of being caught is minimal




    Drugs in sport ARH
DOPING CLASSES
   .STIMULANTS e.g. Amphetamines,
    Caffeine
   Advantages: -
   These stimulate the circulatory and
    nervous systems.
   They give us a lift, keep us awake
    and competitive.
   They speed up reflexes and reduce
    feelings of fatigue so you can train
    and compete harder.



     Drugs in sport ARH
Disadvantages:-
   They increase heart rate and blood pressure,
    hide symptoms of fatigue and reduce feelings
    of pain which could lead to injury( cramps
    strains overheating) or collapse. Heavy use
    causes high blood pressure and liver and brain
    damage. They are addictive and can cause
    anxiety and aggressiveness.




    Drugs in sport ARH
NARCOTIC ANALGESICS e.g
Heroin, morphine , codeine

   These are highly addictive; pain killing drugs
    which hide injury or illness, so the injury can
    be made much worse or permanent.
   Rarely used because so dangerous (e.g.
    Cycling Tour De France). They cause low blood
    pressure,apathy and constipation.




    Drugs in sport ARH
      Advantages:
   .ANABOLIC         STEROIDS         e.g.
    Testosterone
   They result in increased strength
    weight,    muscle       growth     and
    endurance, when combined with
    extra exercise. They allow you to
    train longer and harder.          They
    promote healing and repair.
   These are hormones, which help to
    build and repair muscle and bone.
    They occur naturally e.g. testosterone
    or are made artificially.
          Drugs in sport ARH
      They cause heart disease, high blood pressure,
      and weakened ligaments and tendons, infertility,
      cancer and kidney damage.
   In men -Increased aggression, impotence,
    kidney damage and breast development.
   In women –
   Aggression, facial and body hair growth, deep
    voice, irregular periods.


        Drugs in sport ARH
.DIURETICS

   These increase the amount of water
    excreted in urine, leading to weight loss.
    Used in sports which have weight categories
    e.g. boxing.
   Disadvantages
   Dehydration, cramps and nausea –
    elimination of salts- sodium and potassium-
    muscle weakness and heart damage.

    Drugs in sport ARH
Betablockers
   – block the effect of adrenaline, they slow
    down the heart and breathing and calm nerves
   Disadvantages – they can reduce blood
    pressure – fainting – lower performance
    during lengthy events, cause sleeplessness and
    depression.




    Drugs in sport ARH

				
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posted:11/3/2011
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