THE NORTON READER

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					THE NORTON READER
An Anthology of Nonfiction
TWELFTH EDITION



LINDA H. PETERSON, General Editor
Yale University

JOHN C. BRERETON
Boston Athenaeum




W W NORTON & COMPANY
NEW YORK- LONDON
                                  BRIEF           CONTENTS



PREFACE XV
INTRODUCTION:     Reading and Writing with The Norton Reader xx

PERSONAL REPORT         1

Prose Forms: journals       99

PEOPLE, PLACES        121
HUMAN NATURE          223
CULTURAL CRITIQUE           297

Prose Forms: Op-Eds      403

EDUCATION       428

LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION               510

An Album of Styles 592
NATURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT               610
ETHICS    674
HISTORY     776
POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT            852
Prose Forms: Spoken Words         906

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY            935
LITERATURE, THE ARTS, AND MEDIA            1026

Prose Forms: Fables and Parables 1126

PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION            1139


AUTHORS    1219


GENRES INDEX      1259
RHETORICAL INDEX        1263
THEMATIC INDEX     1269
INDEX    1273
                            CONTENTS



PREFACE   XV
INTRODUCTION:   Reading and Writing with The Norton Reader    xx


PERSONAL REPORT                  1
CHANG-RAE LEE  Coming Home Again 1
JOAN DIDION On Going Home 9
ANDREA BARRETT A Hole in the Wall 12
LARS EIGHNER    On Dumpster Diving     20
WALLACE STEGNER   The Dump Ground 29
MAYA ANGELOU   Graduation 34
ZORA NEALE HURSTON    HOW It Feels to Be Colored Me     43
ALBERTO ALVARO Rfos  Green Cards 47
RICHARD SELZER      The Knife     50
BRUNO BETTELHEIM      A Victim   57
NANCY MAIRS      On Being a Cripple     59
ALICE WALKER   Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self     69
DAVID FOSTER WALLACE Consider the Lobster 75
LOREN EISELEY     The Brown Wasps       88
E. B. WHITE     Once More to the Lake        93


Prose Forms: Journals 99
JOAN DIDION  On Keeping a Notebook 100
RALPH WALDO EMERSON from Journals     106
HENRY DAVID THOREAU from Journal    109
WALT WHITMAN Abraham Lincoln      112
RACHEL CARSON from Field Notebooks    114
COLBY BUZZELL Killing Time in Iraq 118



PEOPLE, PLACES                  121
SCOTT RUSSELL SANDERS      Under the Influence    121
ANNIE DILLARD     from An American Childhood      132



                                                                   Vll
                                                         CONTENTS



VIRGINIA WOOLF My Father: Leslie Stephen 137
THOMAS JEFFERSON George Washington 142
NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE Abraham Lincoln 145
TOM WOLFE     Yeager 148
TONI MORRISON   Strangers 158
EAVAN BOLAND The Woman, the Place, the Poet 162
JAMAICA KINCAID Sowers and Reapers 173
JUDITH ORTIZ COFER More Room 179
N. SCOTT MOMADAY    The Way to Rainy Mountain      182
BARRY LOPEZ   The American Geographies     189
MARGARET ATWOOD     True North 199
DAVID GUTERSON   Enclosed. Encyclopedic. Endured:
   The Mall of America 210


HUMAN NATURE               223

PAUL THEROUX     Being a Man     223
SCOTT RUSSELL SANDERS       Looking at Women 226
ANDREW SULLIVAN What Is a Homosexual? 236
ANNA QUINDLEN Between the Sexes, a Great Divide 241
LAUREN SLATER Love 243
E. S. MADURO Excuse Me While I Explode: My Mother,
    Myself, My Anger 255
AMY CUNNINGHAM Why Women Smile 262
GLORIA STEINEM The Good News Is: These Are Not
    the Best Years of Your Life 268 .
EDWARD THOMAS      Insomnia    274
ELISABETH KUBLER-ROSS    On the Fear of Death 276
MARY ROACH     How to Know If You're Dead 282


CULTURAL CRITIQUE                 297

ANTHONY BURGESS  Is America Falling Apart? 297
ADAM GOODHEART   9.11.01: The Skyscraper and the Airplane 303
JESSICA MITFORD Behind the Formaldehyde Curtain 310
THOMAS LYNCH The Bang & Whimper and the Boom 317
HENRY LOUIS GATES JR.     In the Kitchen     323
MALCOLM GLADWELL       Java Man 329
SONIA SHAH    Tight Jeans and Chania Chorris 335
CONTENTS                                                                       ix



NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF Saudis in Bikinis 340
ROLAND BARTHES   Toys 342
FRED STREBEIGH The Wheels of Freedom: Bicycles in China 344
JOHN MCMURTRY Kill 'Em! Crush 'Em! Eat 'Em Raw! 354
MARK GREIF     Against Exercise       360
BETTY ROLLIN   Motherhood: Who Needs It?       369
BILL MCKIBBEN      The Case for Single-Child Families        378
JAMES BALDWIN      Stranger in the Village 387
BRENT STAPLES     Black Men and Public Space           396
DEBRA DICKERSON       Who Shot Johnny?        399


Prose Forms: Op-Eds 403
MOLLY IVINS  Get a Knife, Get a Dog, but Get Rid of Guns 405
JO-ANN PILARDI  The Immigration Problem Is About Us, Not Them 406
ANNA QUINDLEN In a Peaceful Frame of Mind      408
BRENT STAPLES Why Colleges Shower Their Students with A's 410
DAVID BROOKS      The Gender Gap at School           412
JENNIFER BRITZ    The Dean's Daughter Gets Thin Envelope           414
BINGE DRINKING
   HENRY WECHSLER, CHARLES DEUTSCH, AND GEORGE DOWDALL
      Too Many Colleges Are Still in Denial about Alcohol Abuse          417
  JACK HITT      The Battle of the Binge      422
   KENNETH  A. BRUFFEE Binge Drinking as a Substitute
      fora "Community of Learning" 425
            /

EDUCATION             428
FREDERICK DOUGLASS       Learning to Read      428
EUDORA WELTY     Clamorous to Learn     432
DAVID CHANOFF   Education Is My Mother and My Father 438
JOHN HOLT HOW Teachers Make Children Hate Reading    449
BENJAMIN R. BARBER America Skips School    457
CAROLINE BIRD College Is a Waste of Time and Money  467
JAMES THURBER   University Days 476
WILLIAM ZINSSER College Pressures 481
ADRIENNE RICH Taking Women Students Seriously 487
WILLIAM GOLDING       Thinking as a Hobby       494
WILLIAM G. PERRY JR. Examsmanship and the Liberal Arts:
   A Study in Educational Epistemology 500
                                                             CONTENTS



LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION                             510
GLORIA NAYLOR       "Mommy, What Does 'Nigger' Mean?" 510
MAXINE HONG KINGSTON        Tongue-Tied        513
RICHARD RODRIGUEZ       Aria 517
GLORIA ANZALDUA      How to Tame a Wild Tongue 523
MARJORIE AGOSIN      Always Living in Spanish 532
GARRISON KEILLOR      HOW to Write a Letter 535
    Postcards 537
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN  Learning to Write 539
PATRICIA WILLIAMS The Death of the Profane: The Rhetoric
    of Race and Rights 543
ANNE FADIMAN   The His'er Problem 549
LEWIS THOMAS     Notes on Punctuation    553
ELLEN LUPTON AND   J. ABBOTT MILLER Period Styles:
    A Punctuated History 556
KITTY BURNS FLOREY     Sister Bernadette's Barking Dog 562
WAYNE C. BOOTH     Boring From Within: The Art
    of the Freshman Essay 566
DENNIS BARON     When Professors Get A's and Machines Get F's 577
GEORGE ORWELL      Politics and the English Language 581

An Album of Styles        592 -
FRANCIS BACON       Of Youth and Age     593
BEN JONSON     TO   Write Well 594
JOHN DONNE      NO Man Is an Island      596
SAMUEL JOHNSON       The Pyramids       596
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN  from Poor Richard's Almanack 597
WILLIAM BLAKE  Proverbs of Hell 599
AMBROSE BIERCE  from The Devil's Dictionary 600
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT    from A Vindication of the Rights
   of Woman 603
JOHN HENRY NEWMAN         Knowledge and Virtue       604
ABRAHAM LINCOLN      The Gettysburg Address 605
ERNEST HEMINGWAY      from A Farewell to Arms 606
E. B. WHITE    Progress and Change 606
JOHN UPDIKE    Beer Can 607
TERRY TEMPEST WILLIAMS       River Music       607
CONTENTS



NATURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT                             610

RACHEL CARSON          Tides   610
JOHN MUIR       A Wind-Storm in the Forests 617
CEDWARD ABBEY    The Serpents of Paradise   623
ALLISON WALLACE  The Work of Honeybees 629
ALEXANDER PETRUNKEVITCH The Spider and the Wasp 636
CHIEF SEATTLE Letter to President Pierce, 1855 642
ALDO LEOPOLD Marshland Elegy 643
MARY OLIVER       Waste Land: An Elegy 648
WILLIAM CRONON    The Trouble with Wilderness 651
JOSEPH WOOD KRUTCH The Most Dangerous Predator 655
SANDRA STEINGRABER Tune of the Tuna Fish 663
TERRY TEMPEST WILLIAMS The Clan of One-Breasted Women 666



ETHICS           674

LORD CHESTERFIELD          Letter to His Son    674
MARK TWAIN       Advice to Youth     677
JONATHAN RAUCH       In Defense of Prejudice 680
MICHAEL LEVIN      The Case for Torture 689
TOM REGAN       The Case for Animal Rights 691
MICHAEL POLLAN         An Animal's Place    702
CARL COHEN     The Case for the Use of Animals
    in Biomedical Research 718
NORA EPHRON        The Boston Photographs        727
ALDO LEOPOLD       The Land Ethic      733
MARY GORDON      A Moral Choice      740
SALLIE TISDALE We Do Abortions Here: A Nurse's Story 747
STEPHEN JAY GOULD The Terrifying Normalcy of AIDS 754
KILDARE DOBBS     The Shatterei-of Worlds      758
PAUL FUSSELL      Thank God for the Atom Bomb 763


HISTORY            776

HENRY DAVID THOREAU   The Battle of the Ants 776
BARBARA TUCHMAN "This Is the End of the World":
    The Black Death 779
PHILIP ALCABES The Bioterrorism Scare: A Historical Perspective 792
WALT WHITMAN Death of Abraham Lincoln 803
xii                                                               CONTENTS



H. BRUCE FRANKLIN From Realism to Virtual Reality:
    Images of America's Wars 810
HANNAH ARENDT Deportations from Western Europe 826
WORLD WAR II: VICTIMS, VILLAINS, HEROES
      MATT BAI  He Said No to Internment 831
      SARA CORBETT  Saved by Strangers 833
      DANIEL BERGNER Chasing Evil 836
PHILIP GOUREVITCH       After the Genocide'   839
FRANCES FITZGERALD          Rewriting American History 845


POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT                              852
GEORGE ORWELL       Shooting an Elephant       852
JONATHAN SWIFT       A Modest Proposal 858
NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI        The Morals of the Prince    865
THOMAS JEFFERSON         Original Draft of the Declaration
      of Independence    872
THOMAS JEFFERSON AND OTHERS    The Declaration of Independence        876
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON  Declaration of Sentiments
   and Resolutions 879                                    •
ABRAHAM LINCOLN Second Inaugural Address 881
JOHN F. KENNEDY Inaugural Address 883
LANI GUINIER The Tyranny of the Majority 886
E. B. WHITE      Democracy      891
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.          Letter from Birmingham Jail 892


Prose Forms: Spoken Words 906
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.I Have a Dream 907
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON NO Compromise with Slavery 910
ELEANOR ROOSEVELT On the Universal Declaration
   of Human Rights 913
AL GORE The Climate Emergency 918
WILLIAM FAULKNER Nobel Prize Award Speech 929
JAMES VAN THOLEN     Surprised by Death       931



SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY                               935

JACOB BRONOWSKI      The Nature of Scientific Reasoning 935
ISAAC ASIMOV     The Eureka Phenomenon • 939
CONTENTS                                                                   xiii


THOMAS  S. KUHN    The Route to Normal Science 948
DAVID BALTIMORE    Limiting Science: A Biologist's Perspective     957
MATT RIDLEY    Genome      966
HENRY WECHSLER, ANDREA DAVENPORT, GEORGE DOWDALL,
0
   BARBARA MOEYKENS, AND SONIA CASTILLO
    Health and Behavioral Consequences of Binge Drinking:
   A National Survey of Students at 140 Campuses 976
MELVIN KONNER Why the Reckless Survive       991
NEIL POSTMAN Virtual Students, Digital Classroom 1000
EDWARD O. WILSON    Intelligent Evolution     1007
STEPHEN JAY GOULD     Darwin's Middle Road           1018


LITERATURE, THE ARTS, AND MEDIA                             1026

EUDORA WELTY   One Writer's Beginnings 1026
VLADIMIR NABOKOV   Good Readers and Good Writers 1032
NORTHROP FRYE The Motive for Metaphor    1037
KATHA POLLITT Does a Literary Canon Matter? 1046
NGUGT WA THIONG'O Decolonizing the Mind    1053
ADRIENNE RICH When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-vision             1061
VIRGINIA WOOLF In Search of a Room of One's Own 1074
JOHN UPDIKE Little Lightnings   1085
   Moving Along 1087
SCOTT MCCLOUD     Understanding Comics 1091
SUSAN SONTAG A Century of Cinema      1097
SUSAN ALLEN TOTH     Going to the Movies        1105
ANTHONY LANE   The Sound of Music      1108
TERRY TEACHOUT     The Beatles Now 1115
AARON COPLAND      HOW We Listen       1121



Prose Forms: Fables and Parables 1126
AESOP  The Frogs Desiring a King 1127
PLATO  The Allegory of the Cave 1128
JESUS Parables of the Kingdom 1131
ZEN PARABLES Muddy Road, A Parable, Learning to Be Silent          1134
MARK TWAIN     The War Prayer      1135
xiv                                                          CONTENTS



PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION                       1139

LANGSTON HUGHES       Salvation 1139
ANDRE ACIMAN    In a Double Exile   1141
RITA DOVE    The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Ephesians 1144
DANIEL C. DENNETT     Common-Sense Religion   1153
ROBERT GRAVES       Mythology   1160
HENRY DAVID THOREAU     Where I Lived, and What I Lived For 1164
MARTHA NUSSBAUM The Idea of World Citizenship in Greek
    and Roman Antiquity 1174
VIRGINIA WOOLF The Death of the Moth 1188
ANNIE DILLARD Sight into Insight 1190
GILBERT HIGHET The Mystery of Zen 1201
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE Existentialism 1209


AUTHORS     1219


PERMISSIONS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS          1251


GENRES INDEX       1259
RHETORICAL INDEX      1263
THEMATIC INDEX      1269
INDEX   1273

				
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