exam Review by nuhman10


									                                      Senior 2 Geography
                                         Exam Review
  1. You will need to know the correct names for all of the locations on the Map of Canada and the Map
     of North America that are attached to this review.

General Information
   2. What is Geography?
   3. List and explain the 5 themes of geography.

Chapter 2 – Maps Geography’s Basic Tool
  4. What is a map projection?
  5. What is the difference between topographic, thematic and general purpose maps?
  6. What is the difference between Mercator projections, Equal Area Projections and Winkel
      Tripel Projections. Also, what each type is used for and what their pros and cons are.
  7. What are the 6 map requirements?
  8. What is the difference between large and small scale maps and what are they used for?

Chapter 3 – Locating Places on Maps
  9. What is the difference between compass points and compass bearings?
  10. How many time zones are there in the World?

Chapter 4 – Using Map Scales
  11. What is a maps scale?
  12. What are line, direct statement and representative fraction scales? Be able to use these to convert
   actual distances into map distances and visa versa.

Chapter 5 – GIS: Where Geography is Going
  13. Explain the two ways that we can describe any element in our world.
  14. What is GIS technology?

Chapter 7 – Remote Sensing: Views from Space
  15. What is remote sensing? Give examples of remote sensing.
  16. Explain the difference between the two types of satellite orbits. Give one example of the type of data
   that could be produced from each type of orbit.

Chapter 8 – Graph It!
  17. Why are graphs useful?

Chapter 9 – Geological History
  18. What are the four layers of the Earth? Describe all of them.
  19. What is the theory of plate tectonics?
  20. Where do most earthquakes occur?
  21. What forces are involved in mountain building?

Chapter 10 – Landform Regions
  22. Describe in detail the two different types of glacier.
  23. Describe the movement of alpine and continental glaciers.
Chapter 11 – Climate Connections
  24. What is the difference between weather and climate?
  25. What are the four reasons why Canada has such a varied climate?
  26. What is an air mass? Describe the difference between maritime, continental, polar, arctic and tropical
   air masses.
  27. What are the three types of precipitation? Draw a diagram of each

Chapter 12 – Soil and Vegetation Zones
  28. What are the four main parts of soil? Why is each part important?
  29. What is soil leaching? Where does it occur? Is it a good thing or a bad thing?
  30. What is soil calcification? Where does it occur? Is it a good thing or a bad thing?
  31. What are the two main classifications of trees? Describe there characteristics. Where would you
   expect to find each type?

Chapter 13 – Making the Connections: Canada’s Ecozones
  32. What is an ecozone?

Chapter 15 – First Nations: The Treaty Process
  33. What is a treaty?
  34. What is the difference between a comprehensive and specific treaty?
  35. What is the definition of First Nations?
  36. What does the word Nunavut mean?

Chapter 16 – Settlement Patterns
  37. What is the difference between population density and population distribution? Draw a diagram to
   help you explain.
  38. What are three factors that affect settlement patterns?
  39. What is a threshold population?
  40. What is the difference between low and high order goods and services?
  41. Explain the multiplier effect?
  42. What is the difference between urban growth and urbanization?
  43. What is a mega city?

Chapter 17 – Urban Land Use
  44. What percentage of Canadians live in cities?
  45. What are the six types of land use in an urban area?
  46. What are the 5 types of commercial land use? Give an example of each.
  47. What effects the location of land use areas?

Chapter 18 – Types of Industry
  48. Explain each of the four types of industry? Give an example of each.
  49. What is the difference between basic and non-basic industries? Give an example of each.

Chapter 19 – Canadian Fisheries
  50. Explain the five reasons why the east coast fishery collapsed.
  51. What fish species is important to the east coast fishery?
  52. What fish species is important to the west coast fishery?
  53. What are three reasons for the collapse of the west coast fishery?
  54. What is Aquaculture? What are some pros and cons of this industry?
Chapter 20 – Food from the Land
  55. What is the difference between the terms famine, starvation and malnutrition?
  56. What are some of the ways that farmers have overcome environmental deficiencies?
  57. What is the difference between subsistence and cash-crop farming?
  58. What is the difference between intensive and extensive farming?
  59. Is soil a renewable or a non-renewable resource?
  60. What is a GMO? What are some of the benefits and drawbacks of GMOs?

Chapter 21 – The Business of Farming
  61. Is land (soil) a renewable or non-renewable resource? Explain your answer.

Chapter 22 – Our Forest Resources
  62. What is the difference between non-commercial and commercial forests?
  63. How much of Canada is covered by forest?
  64. Which provinces are best known for pulp and paper?
  65. Explain the three different types of logging. What are the pros and cons of each type?
  66. What caused the softwood lumber dispute?

Chapter 23 – Mining
  67. What is a mineral?
  68. List the three groups of minerals. Give an example of each.
  69. Explain the two main types of mining. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each type?
  70. Explain the milling and smelting process associated with mining.

Chapter 24 – Energy: Powering our Nation
  71. Why is Canada one of the countries with the highest usage of electricity?
  72. Give two examples of conventional energy sources and two examples of alternative energy sources?
  73. Explain the process that produces oil and gas?
  74. What are oil sands?
  75. Fully explain with the use of a diagram how a hydro power plant works?
  76. What are the advantages and disadvantages of hydro electricity? What is your personal opinion of
   hydro electricity?

Chapter 27 – Transportation: Canada’s Circulatory System
  77. Explain some of the reasons that a manufacturer may use to determine how their material will be
   shipped. i.e. will it be transported by water, air, rail or road.

Chapter 28 – The World Community
  78. Explain the two measures used to group countries into one of three categories, developed, developing
   and newly industrialized countries.

Chapter 29 – Canada’s Foreign Trade
  79. What are net imports and net exports?
  80. What are the three categories of Canada’s exports
  81. What are a trade surplus and a trade deficit?
  82. Why is it important that Canada export goods?
  83. What is a trade in service?

Chapter 30 – Water Resources
  84. What are wetlands? How much of Canada is covered by wetlands?
  85. What are the two ways that we can categorize water use?
                                     Exam Review – Key Terms

Arret                       Erratic                  Labour Supply       Prime Meridian
Aquaculture                 Extensive Agriculture    Latitude            Power Grid
Basic Industry              Famine                   Longitude           Raw Material
Cash Crop                   Geography                Meridians           Renewable Resource
Climate                     GIS                      Non-basic Service   Sustainable Development
Central Business District   Global Warming           Offshore Fishery    Tailings Pond
Cirque                      Green House Gas          Oil Sand            Topographic Map
Ecological Footprint        Gross Domestic Product   Parallels           Urbanization
Economic Base               Hinterland               Parent Material     Water Table
Erosion                     Igneous Rock             Permafrost          Zoning

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