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					                Bell Ringer
   Complete the Main Idea Comprehension
    sheet on the table. Reread and review
    your answers.
    Objective- Cause and Effect
 The last time we met, we focused on the
  AHSGE summarizing a passage objective.
 Today we are going to discuss, read and
  list cause and effect.
                  Motivation
 Why should you be motivated to focus on
  the AHSGE cause and effect objective?
 Pass the AHSGE
 Become lifelong readers
 To better understand what you read
 To be successful in your future


   What is cause and effect?
                  Cause and Effect
   Cause and effect relationships in writing tell why things
    happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effect).
    The cause answers the question “Why did this happen?”
    The effect answers the question “What happened as a
    result?” Causes and effects can be stated, or they can be
    implied (not stated). When they are stated, the following
    words might help you identify them; however, keywords
    are not always present, especially if the cause or the
    effect is implied. Read the following keywords on page
    103.
                       Example 1
   Look at the following example in your book on page 103.
   What is the cause and the effect?

   In this statement, no key word points to the cause or the
    effect, but each is easy to recognize. The cause of the
    weight loss is the diet. The effect of the diet is the weight
    loss. These causes and effects are stated in the sentence.
    What might be an implied cause for the diet? When a
    person goes on a diet, it is usually implied that the cause
    is that he or she wants to or needs to lose weight. In
    this sentence, this cause is not stated, but from the way
    the sentence is worded, it is implied.
                         Example 2
   Look at the following example in your book on page 103.
   What is the cause and the effect?

   Again, there is a stated cause and a stated effect in these
    sentences. The drought was the cause of the water
    restrictions. Water restriction was an effect of the drought. But
    look closely at the wording of the second sentence which uses
    the words burden the residents to describe the water restrictions.
    This is another stated effect of the drought even though it isn’t
    as obvious. What might be an implied effect? It is implied that
    the residents of the metropolitan counties are not happy
    about the restrictions. The “burden” mentioned could simply
    be an inconvenience, or it could be a financial burden due to
    increased water costs. These effects are implied, not stated.
                  Example 3
 Look at the following example in your
  book on page 103.
 What is the cause and the effect?


   The cause is that the factory was built. The
    effect is that pollution skyrocketed.
                           Example 4
   Look at the following example in your book on page 104.
   What is the cause and the effect?

   In this example, the effect is mentioned first. The effect is “I am not
    going to vote for Keesha for class president.” There are two causes
    given for this effect. First, she isn’t willing to fight for additional
    student parking. Second, she wants to shorten student pep rallies.

   The stated causes and effects are shown above, but what is being
    implied about Keesha in this example? The stated causes imply an
    additional cause, that Keesha does not have the best interests of her
    classmates at the forefront of her campaign. An implied effect might
    be that since this one person feels this way, others will probably
    follow suit. The example does not come out and say these things,
    but it is implied or expressed indirectly.
                  Example 5
 Look at the following example in your
  book on page 104.
 What is the cause and effect?


   The cause in this example is that the river
    is becoming more and more polluted. In
    this example, there are two effects. The
    fish are not safe to eat, and drinking
    water purity is compromised.
                      Example 6
   Look at the following example in your book on page 104.
   What is the cause and effect?

   This example has several causes in both paragraphs. In
    the first paragraph, the car has no driver, which causes
    the damage to the rree and yard. In the second
    paragraph, the stated cause of Mr. Jones feeling tired
    and sleepy is working late. Seeing the police car causes
    him to go where the people are so he can report his car
    missing. The implied cause is that Mr. Jones is
    responsible for the whole incident because he probably
    forgot to engage the parking brake on his car.
           Example 6 (Continued)
   In this example there are also several effects in both
    paragraphs. In the first paragraph, the stated effects are
    the car runs over petunias and strikes the tree. The
    implied effects are that the Smiths were startled awake
    by the car hitting the tree, and they are left wondering
    how it got there in the first place because it is locked,
    but no driver is inside. In the second paragraph, Mr.
    Jones is tired and sleepy from working late the night
    before, so working late is the stated effect. The implied
    effect of working late is that he probably didn’t put on
    his parking brake when he got home because he was
    too tired to remember it.
                    True or False
   If you agree with my statement say true.
   If you disagree with my statement say false.




   Cause and effect relationships in writing tell why things
    happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effect).
   The cause does not answer the question “Why did this
    happen?”.
   The effect answers the question “What happened as a
    result?”
                    Activity
   Model cause and effect using the practice on
    page 105, #1.
               Guided Practice
   Turn to page 105 in the AHSGE workbook.
   We will do # 2 together.
   Are there any questions?
   Time- You have 7 to 10 minutes to finish #’s 2-7
    on pages 105-106.
   Do your best!
   Review all answers.
             Wrap Up Lesson
    Remediate:
1.   Cause and Effect P. 103
2.   Keywords for Causes P. 103
3.   Keywords for Effects P. 103

    Today we focused on the AHSGE
     objective- cause and effect.
           Independent Work
 Take your lit journals and turn to the
  ___________section.
 Read two chapters of “Whatever Happened to
  Cass McBride?” and complete the _______
  section of your lit journal.
 I will work with you individually during this
  time.
 After 30 minutes we will come back together
  and reread the text, share our lit journals and
  review the SAT vocabulary.
                   The End
   You did a WONDERFUL job! I am very
    proud of you. Your hard work will pay off
    in the end!

				
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posted:11/2/2011
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