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Agenda for Public Affairs 1996*1997

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Agenda for Public Affairs 1996*1997 Powered By Docstoc
					Th.e Jewish
Public Affairs
Agenda



Justice, justice you shall U'LlJL~U1L>·
Deuteronomy 16:20




NJCRAC
National Jewish Commuh:ity
Relations AdvisoryCQ-urtbi1;'.
 NJCRAC Constituent Organizations _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
 National Agencies _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __          Florida
                                                 Jewish Federation of South Broward
 American Jewish Committee                       Jewish Federation of Fort Lauderdale
 American Jewish Congress                        Jacksonville Jewish Federation
 B'nai B'rith/ Anti-Defamation League            Greater Miami Jewish Federation
 Hadassah                                        Jewish Federation of Greater Orlando
 Jewish Labor Committee                          Jewish Federation of Palm Beach County
 Jewish War Veterans of the U.S.A.               Jewish Federation of Pinellas County
 National Council of Jewish Women                Sarasota-Manatee Jewish Federation
 Union of American Hebrew Congregations          South Palm Beach County Jewish Federation
 Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations
    of America                                   Georgia
 United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism/       Atlanta Jewish Federation
    Women's League for Conservative Judaism      Savannah Jewish Federation
 Women's American ORT
                                                Illinois
 Community Agencies' _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __           JCRC of the Jewish United Fund of
                                                    Metropolitan Chicago
Alabama                                         Jewish Federation of Peoria
CRC of the Birmingham Jewish Federation         Springfield Jewish Federation

Arizona                                         Indiana
CRC of the Greater Phoenix Jewish Federation    Indianapolis JCRC
JCRC of the Jewish Federation of                Jewish Federation of St. Joseph Valley
   Southern Arizona
                                                Iowa
 California                                     Jewish Federation of Greater Des Moines
Jewish Federation of Greater Long Beach
    and West Orange County                      Kansas
CRC of the Jewish Federation-                   (see Missouri)
    Council of Los Angeles
JCRC of Greater East Bay                        Kentucky
Jewish Federation of Orange County              Central Kentucky Jewish Federation
JCRC of Sacramento                              Jewish Community Federation of Louisville
JCRC of United Jewish Federation of San Diego
JCRC of San Francisco, the Peninsula,           Louisiana
   Marin and Sonoma Counties                    Jewish Federation of Greater Baton Rouge
JCRC of Greater San Jose                        Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans
                                                Shreveport Jewish Federation
Connecticut
Jewish Federation Association of Connecticut    Maine
Jewish Federation of Greater Bridgeport         Jewish Federation-Community Council
Jewish Federation of Greater Danbury               of Southern Maine
Jewish Federation of Eastern Connecticut
CRC of Jewish Federation of Greater Hartford    Maryland
Jewish Federation of Greater New Haven          Baltimore Jewish Council
United Jewish Federation of Stamford
Jewish Federation of Waterbury                  Massachusetts
                                                JCRC of Greater Boston
Delaware                                        Jewish Federation of North Shore
Jewish Federation of Delaware                   Jewish Federation of Greater New Bedford
                                                Jewish Federation of Greater Springfield
District of Columbia                            Worcester Jewish Federation
Jewish Community Council of
   Greater Washington                           (Contillued on illside back cover)
       The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda
     Table of Con.ten.ts

     PREAMBLE                                                                           3

     TERRORISM                                                                          5

     DOMESTIC CONCERNS
          School Prayer                                                                 6
         Poverty and Welfare Reform                                                     7
         Immigration Reform                                                             8
         Public School Education                                                        9
          Crime and Violence                                                       10
         Ethnic Relations and the Political Process                                10
j
         Constitutional Protections in a Pluralistic Democracy                     11
i        Anti-Semitism                                                             12


I
f
i
;.
         Interreligious Relationships
         Environmental Protection
         Status of Women
                                                                                   13
                                                                                   14
                                                                                   15

I>
     INTERNATIONAL CONCERNS
         Middle East Peace Process                                                 16
         Foreign Policy in the Post Cold War Era                                   17
         Jews in the Former Soviet Union                                           18

     The Role of the NJCRAC                                                        19

     NJCRAC Officers                                                               21

     NJCRAC Staff                                                                  22

     Joint Program Plan 1995 -1996                                                 23
        Table of Contents

     Joint Program Plan Order Form                                                 24

     Epigraphs provided by The Washington Institute for Jewish Leadership and Values.
             National
    Jewish Community Relations
         Advisory Council
    As the national planning and coordinating body for the
    organized Jewish community in the area of public
    affairs, the National Jewish Community Relations
    Advisory Council (NJCRAC) represents a unique
    partnership of 117 local and 13 national agencies
    throughout the United States. NJCRAC member
    agencies represent the broadest range of political and
    social thought in the organized Jewish community, yet
    they are linked by a dual commitment to safeguarding
    the rights ofJews and assuring the vitality of the United
    States' pluralist democracy. The NJCRAC partnership
    brings together both national and local perspectives in
    the formulation of consensus positions and approaches
    on national issues.

       JOINT          PROGRAM PLAN
    The Joint Program Plan is the organized Jewish
    community's guide to public affairs advocacy
    published annually by the NJCRAC. It has been called
    the single most important statement of the political
    agenda of the organized Jewish community. The
    Jewish Public Affairs Agenda is an executive summary of
    the Joint Program Plan for 1995-96, highlighting those
    issues that are the overriding priority concerns for the
    field of Jewish community relations. A fuller discus-
    sion of these concerns, and of additional issues on the
    Jewish community's public affairs agenda, can be found
    in the Plan itself. The Joint Program Plan can be obtained
    from the NJCRAC by using the order form in the back
    of this publication.


2
 The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda
PREAlVIBLE
    The dramatic shift in the political landscape that occurred as
a result of the 1994 Congressional elections has posed challenges
to the organized Jewish community as well as to our coalition
partners with whdm we have sought to build an American society
that is fair and just to all of its citizens.
     Underlying all of the Jewish community relations field's work
is the most basic of values - the commitment to tikkun olam, to the
repair of the world. Our efforts are shaped by an everlasting
commitment to social justice, steeped in thousands of years of
Jewish tradition and teaching. It also is a core conviction of the
field that denial of equal rights, justice and opportunity breeds
social tensions, conflicts and dislocations, and these in turn can
lead to threats to the democratic process in general and to the
Jewish community in particular.
    The political climate in the United States today can surely be
characterized as volatile. Intergroup relations are too often
characterized by hostility, mistrust and mutual recrimination.
Many Americans believe that our nation has lost a sense of
common destiny, of shared values. The electorate, by repudiating
large sections of the current leadership, revealed a fundamental
disbelief in the ability of government to solve problems. And
many, either through apathy or despair at their perceived
inability to make a difference, choose not to vote at all.
   The 104th Congress has acti vel y sough t to recast the American
people's general mistrust of government into a legislative
program premised on the need to reduce the size of the federal
government and shift the locus of government action to the state
and local levels.
    The organized Jewish community, represented through the
NJCRAC's system of 13 national and 117 local community
relations agencies, shares the concerns about the federal budget
and has called upon the Congress to make the tough choices to
                                                 continued on next page

                                                                          3
     The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda
    P    R. E      A     ~     B    L    E,continued

    reduce the deficit. However, the challenges facing American
    society are multi-faceted and complex. Shifting responsibility for
    programs out of Washington will not be successful unless the
    resources also are available to pursue programs locally. Legisla-
    tors should be guided by how the constraints on people to move
    to economic self-sufficiency and become productive citizens will
    ultimately affect America's ability to meet pressing domestic
    needs as well as compete in the international marketplace.
        The defea t of the balanced budget amendment was welcome,
    not because it absolved Congress of the responsibility to reduce
    the defici t and cut the budget, bu t because it did the very opposite.
    It forced Congress to exercise its existing legislative powers to
    make the difficult budgetary choices that require political
    courage. Amending the U.S. Constitution should never be taken
    lightly. Any attemptto reintroduce the balanced budget amend-
    ment, or convene a constitutional convention or "conference of
    states" for this purpose, should be vigorously opposed.
        The Jewish community relations field will be challenged to
    educate political leaders prior to th.e upcoming 1996 elections.
    Through its grass-roots political education project, the NJCRAC
    will be working with activists in the communities to convey the
    positions of the organized Jewish cornmunity to elected officials
    and candidates for political office at the national, state and local
    levels.
         This booklet is a sununary of the positions that have been
    identified by the NJCRAC's member agencies as current priori-
    ties. It is based upon the NJCRACs Joint PmgramPlan, which sets
    forth more comprehensively the priority concerns of the
    organized Jewish community for the 1995-96 program year.




4
The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda
TERRC>RISlVl
     The scourge of terrorism, as evidenced by the national tragedy in
Oklahoma City, is an issue that clearly transcends the domestic and
international concerns of the organized Jewish community. For
years, attention has been focused on terrorism perpetrated abroad or,
in the rare instance of an attack in the u.s. such as the World Trade
Center, on foreign terrorist organizations. Now, the bombing of the
federal building in Oklahoma City, with many children included in
the tragic loss of life, has thrust the challenge of countering terrorism
to the forefront of the nation's agenda. It no longer can be assumed
that terrorism emanates solely from foreign sources. Within the
United States there are armed elements who firmly believe that they
are engaged in a war with the United States Government. In the
aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing the activities of some
individuals and groups are coming under closer scrutiny.
     The NJCRAC has strongly supported and urged Congress to
enact broad anti-terrorism legislation that would address both
domestic and international terrorism. While the NJCRAC supports
the omnibus counter-terrorism legislation being considered by the
Congress, the NJCRAC also has made clear that the organized Jewish
community considers it essential that any legislation adopted not
infringe on civil liberties as protected by the Constitution.
    Internationally, the NJCRAC recognizes that primary sources of
terrorism today are militant Islamic groups. President Clinton's
executive order blocking assets in the United States of terrorist
organizations was an important step. The NJCRAC also urges the
United States, together with other nations, to enhance international
cooperative efforts aimed at monitoring the activities of terrorist
groups and counteracting terrorist activities. The Justice Depart-
ment should work with international police agencies in the appre-
hension and prosecution of terrorists and in information gathering
regarding terrorist groups. Further, the Justice Department should
enhance its coordination with state and local law enforcement
authorities in these respects.

                                                                            5
     The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda
    I=> C> lVlE S T I C            C C> N" CERN" S
    School Prayer
        The Jewish community is profoundly troubled by the efforts
    to adopt an amendment to the U.S. Constitution or any related
    legislative initiatives mandating school prayer. Such action would
    erode the firm wall of separation between church and state, the
    basic constitutional guarantee for freedom of religious expression
    in American society. Support for church-state separation should
    not be viewed as implying hostility toward religion. Indeed, the
    Jewish community, as a religious minority, has long supported
    religious freedom, including those activities that are constitution-
    ally permissible in the public schools. What the NJCRAC opposes
    is any organized religious activity in school. There is nothing
    "voluntary" about any religious activity, including prayer, that is
    organized by a school under formal government sanction.
    Included in the NJCRAC's position on school prayer is opposition
    to so-called "moment-of-silence" proposals, which the Jewish
    community believes is a subterfuge for introducing organized
    religion in the school.

        The NJCRAC recognizes that some believe government
    approval of school prayer is a means to instill values among
    America's youth. School prayer and values education are two
    distinct issues and should not be confused. The ,,,ray to respond to
    concerns about values is to become actively involved in discussion
    and debate on values education and core values curricula. School
    prayer is not a solution to the crisis in education and the break-
    down of values in society. The deep-seated problems that are
    tearing at the very fabric of American life cannot and will not be
    solved by prayers mandated by the government.




6
 The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

Poverty and Welfare Reform
    The Jewish community's stake in a strong and economically
secure society is reinforced by the moral imperative to pursue
justice for all people. That underlies our principles on addressing
poverty and welfare reform. The present welfare system is in
need of reform; however, current efforts to eviscerate the existing
system by absolving the federal government of responsibility is
not the answer. Sweeping reform, as set forth in the House
welfare reform bill, replaces 60 years of federal social welfare
policy by shifting from federal to state control programs serving
more than 40 million Americans and eliminating guaranteed,
"entitlement" status to federal programs. By replacing entitle-
ments with "block grants" to states, those who are most vulner-
able and in need of assistance are likely to become more destitute
as the safety net is shredded, since no individual state will be
obligated to maintain programs at current levels, if at all. In
addi tion, restricting programs to a rigid dollar amount in the form
of a "block grant" will severely burden an individual state in the
event of a sudden economic downturn or disaster that causes
welfare and other social service rolls to rise.

    An effective welfare system must include realistic programs
that help to lead recipients out of the cycle of poverty, without
drastically and suddenly cutting them off from needed
assistance. The Congress must pass a welfare reform package
that moves individuals and families toward sustainable
self-sufficiency, with provisions for job-training and child care.
At the same time, the NJCRAC opposes measures that would
deny benefits to legal immigrants as a means of financing welfare
reform.

      "Do justice to the afflicted and destitute,
            rescue the poor and needy."
                         Psalms 82:3-4
                                                                       7
     The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

    Immigration Reform
        Recognizing the contributions that immigrants historically
    have made to American society, the Jewish community continues
    to work to maintain and strengthen this country's longstanding
    commitment to a generous legal immigration policy, with an
    emphasis on family reunification. Reforms nonetheless are needed
    to enable the federal government to more effectively control
    America's borders.

        The Jewish community, while supportive of efforts by the
    U.s. Commission on Immigration Reform, remains concerned
    that any reforms be consistent with the traditional U.S. commit-
    ment to generous, fair immigration policies. The proposed de-
    velopment of worker verification database pilot programs must
    be monitored to ensure that they do not infringe on civil rights
    and liberties. The NJCRAC continues to oppose any form of a
    national identification card as an infringement on basic privacy
    rights.

        Regarding asylum, there is a need for reform measures that
    would expedite the asylum process without jeopardizing the
    security and lives oflegitimate asylum seekers, enable applicants
    the opportunity for a full and fair hearing of their claims in a
    timely manner by a trained officer, and provide the right to
    appeal before an independent judicial body.


                     "A single person only
           was first created for the sake of peace
         in the human race that no man might say
           to his fellow, my ancestor was greater
                     than your ancestor."
                       Mishnah Sanhedrin 4:5
8
The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

Public School Education
    The Jewish community's historical commitment to public
school education is based upon a longstanding conviction that
quality education, accessible to all students, is vital to preparing
young people for full and productive participation in American
society. Informed by judaism's traditional belief in the inherent
ability of each person to learn if given the proper tools, this
commitment has engendered support for a range of innovative
measures to make public schools more effective.

    The Jewish community has supported local school reform as
provided under Goals 2000 legislation. In addition, the NJCRAC
calls for coalitions of local, state and national agencies, public
interest groups, business and other organizations concerned
with public education, to work toward improvement of public
schools by ensuring adequate and equitable funding.

    The Jewish community relations field supports instructional
programs in values education in the public schools that teach
such shared values as citizenship, social responsibility and mutual
respect.




                 "The very world rests
  011   the breath of children in the ScllOolhouse."
                  Talmud: Shabbath, 119b
                                                                       9
      The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

     Crime and Violence

              An effective anti-crime strategy must be comprised of
     several components and should not be limited to punitive
     measures alone. The organized Jewish community supports
     anti-crime legislation which recognizes that prevention and
     early intervention are key to long-term efforts at reducing crime
     and which balance these measures with support for improved
     policing techniques and strong enforcement strategies to deal
     with hard-core violent criminals. Therefore, the NJCRAC calls
     for full funding of prevention programs in the Omnibus Crime
     Bill and opposes efforts to restrict or eliminate them. The NJCRAC
     further supports strengthened and expanded measures
     to control guns and ammunition, such as the Brady Act and the
     ban on assault weapons, and opposes efforts to repeal any of
     these measures.



     Ethnic Relations and the Political Process

         The organized Jewish community has traditionally worked
     to build intergroup relationships based upon a common agenda,
     creating strong alliances which promote understanding and
     acceptance of diverse perspectives in order to achieve shared
     political goals. Today's challenges present new opportunities to
     expand this network of relationships and form broad-based
     coali tions to address a shared public policy agenda. The challenge
     lying ahead is to forge a national politics that maintains a balance
     between the interests of various groups and a commitment to
     individual rights within a common civic structure.




10
 The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

Constitutional Protections
in a Pluralistic Democracy
Term Limits

    The NJCRAC continues to oppose term limits as an infringe-
ment on the rights of citizens to elect officials of their choice. This
position applies to elected officials at the national, state and local
levels.

Civil Rights for Gays and Lesbians

    The NJCRAC opposes discrimination based on sexual
orientation in employment, housing, public accommodation, and
education. This position is not based on the endorsement of any
particular lifestyle, but is premised on the longstanding and
deeply-felt opposition by Jewish communal groups to discrimi-
nation in any quarter. The NJCRAC supports the incorporation
in sexual-orientation discrimination legislation of exemptions
designed to protect the right of religious institutions to carry out
their religious purposes.

Death Penalty

    The NJCRAC has long opposed the use of capital
punishment. Furthermore, the organized Jewish community
continues to be concerned about possible racial bias
in sentencing in death penalty cases, and, therefore,
the NJCRAC continues to call for passage of the Racial Justice Act.




                                                                          11
      The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

     Anti-Semitism
          While the security of Jews in the United States is strong and
     the long-term decline in attitudinal anti-Semitism continues,
     there remain serious concerns among the Jewish grass-roots
     about manifestations of anti-Semitism. Feeding grass-roots
     perceptions is the general breakdown in societal taboos against
     biased and bigoted expression; anti-Jewish animus emanating
     from some quarters of the extreme right, among religious
     fundamentalists as well as in parts of the African American
     community; and manifestations of terrorism outside the United
     States aimed at Jewish targets. The NJCRAC and its member
     agencies continue to sensitize the general communi ty, and leaders
     of ethnic and faith groups in particular, to the dangers posed by
     anti-Semitism to the fabric of society, and also to the need to
     condemn anti-Semitism unequivocally wherever it appears.




      "Happy is the time where the great listen to the
             small, for in such a ge1leration
           the small will lis tell to the great."
                    Ta1mud: Rosh Hashanah 25b
12
 TheJewish Public Affairs Agenda

Interreligious Relationships
    The relationships between Jews and Catholics and Protestants
remain strong, nationally and locally. The NJCRAC continues to
enhance its working relationship with the United States Catholic
Conference/National Conference of Catholic Bishops and the
National Council of Churches and denomina tionalleadership on
issues of common concern. These include the separation of
church and state, poverty in America, the environment, and
international relief efforts. In addition, the NJCRAC continues to
work with national Catholic and Protestant leadership to build
support for the Middle East peace process.

     With the Muslim community, the NJCRAC continues to
identify issues of common concern on the domestic legislative
and judicial agenda on which the two communities can cooper-
ate, such as shared civil liberties concerns and vigilance against
stereotyping, as well as to build upon cooperative efforts
regarding Bosnia and the Middle East peace process.

    The NJCRAC consistently has spoken out against intimida-
tion of American Muslims and Arab Americans, and continues to
call upon appropriate agencies of government to protect their
rights and safety and to prosecute those who act against them.
All manifestations of bigotry and bias are unacceptable and
group stereotyping must be denounced and repudiated. In May
1995, the NJCRAC and the National Association of Arab
Americans issued a joint statement of principles that, among
other issues of shared concern, pledged to reject all forms of
stereotyping and discrimination based on the actions of
individual members of religious or ethnic groups.




                                                                     13
           The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

          Environmental Protection
              Through the Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life
          (COEJL), the NJCRAC continues to provide a vehicle for Jews
          and Jewish communal institutions to become involved in
          environmental initiatives and advocacy. This work is done in
          partnership with three other faith groups joined in the National
          Religious Partnership for the Environment. The organized
          Jewish community continues to express concerns about the
          negative impact the anti-regulatory movement and its allies in
          Congress are having on existing environmental legislation. The
          NJCRAC supports reauthorization, and, where necessary,
          strengthening of key environmental measures, including
          Superfund, the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act.
          The NJCRAC advocates legislation at the local, state and federal
          levels that would mandate strong environmental
          justice measures, consistent with the NJCRAC Statement of
          Principles on Environmental Justice.




                    "I1l the hOllr when the Holy Olle
                  Blessed be He created the first man,
           He took him and let him pass before all the trees
             of the great Gardell of Eden and said to him:
           'See My works, how fine and excellent they are:
              How all that [have created, I created for
           your benefit. Think upon this and do not corrupt
             a1ld destroy My world, for if you destroy it,
                 there is no aile to restore it after YOll,"
                            Ecclesiastes Rabbah 7:28
     14




/'
     The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda

    Status of Women
        The NJCRAC's commitment to full equality for women in all
    spheres of life is reflected in support for passage of the Economic
    Equity Act and other steps that would narrow the wage gap
    between men and women. The NJCRAC also supports
    increased funding for women's health care and research, and
    steps aimed at ensuring physical safety of women. The NJCRAC
    welcomed passage of the Violence Against Women Act, signed
    into law as part of the Omnibus Crime Bill in September 1994.



I
    Long supportive of a woman's legal right to reproductive choice,
    the NJCRAC has condemned violent attacks on reproductive
    health clinics and continues to call upon law enforcement
    agencies to provide protection to providers and recipients of
    reproductive health care. NJCRAC work on the domestic and
    global women's agenda will be enhanced by participation in
    the Fourth World Conference on Women, in Beijing, China, in
    September 1995. The NJCRAC is coordinating the preparation of
    American Jewish women for both the NGO conference and the
    official UN meeting, for which the NJCRAC has been granted
    NCO status. In preparation for Beijing, the organized Jewish
    community is continuing to advocate U.S. ratification of the UN
    Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
    Against Women.




                                                                          15
      TheJewish Public Affairs Agenda
     INTERNATIONAL CONCERNS
     Middle East Peace Process
          The NJCRAC continues to support the peace initiatives of the
     Israeli government and the continuing engagement of the United
     States in the peace process. The U.5. plays a critical diplomatic role
     in facilitating peace negotiations, as well as making important
     financial contributions to ensuring their success. American aid, as
     partof an international assistance package, enables the Palestinian
     Authority to improve the standard of living in the Gaza Strip and
     West Bank, and counters extremist groups which exploit Palestinian
     impoverishment. The NJCRAC's support for aid does not diminish
     the organized Jewish community's insistence that PLO Chairman
     Vasser Arafat and the Palestinian AuthQrity must fulfill all of their
     commitments, in particular curbing terrorism, especially the
     horrific acts of violence carried out by militant Islamic funda-
     mentalist groups.

         Regarding the Israel-Syria negotiations, the NJCRAC believes
     a premature formulation of American policy on possible U.S.
     participation in implementing a peace agreement between Israel
     and Syria would further complicate the process.

          The organized Jewish community, unified in its commitment to
     maintain the dty of Jerusalem as the eternal, undivided capital of
     Israel, welcomes the broaq support this position enjoys in the U.S.
     Congress and American p\il.blic.


           And they shall beat their swords into
             U


     ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks.
       Nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
          neither shall they learn war anymore."
                                 Isaiah 2:4
16
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Foreign Policy in the Post Cold War Era
Human Rights

    The organized Jewish community is compelled by the teach-
ings of Judaism and the values of American society to work
actively for the promotion of human rights globally and to speak
out when particular ethnic or faith groups are threatened. This
has led the Jewish community relations field to be in the forefront
of efforts in behalf of beleaguered Bosnia, humanitarian relief for
the people of Rwanda, and the restoration of democratic rule in
Haiti. In addition, the NJCRAC continues its longstanding efforts
to ensure the security of endangered Jewish communities around
the world. In this regard, the departure of the last remnants of the
Jewish community from Syria in October 1994 marked the culmi-
nation of a long struggle for the freedom of Syrian Jewry in which
American diplomatic intervention had been crucial.

    In its advocacy efforts regarding international human rights,
the organized Jewish community maintains that the United
States should more actively assert world leadership to protect
those who may be threatened. The NJCRAC recognizes that each
situation has its own characteristics and set of challenges and that
the responses required will vary accordingly. However, the need
for U.S. action, either unilaterally or in concert with allies and
international organizations, is in the best tradition of the nation
and consistent with our foreign policy interests.




                                                                       17
       The Jewish Public Affairs Agenda
     Foreign Aid
          To meet challenges of the increasingly interdependent post cold
     war world, the United States must continue to provide foreign aid to
     fulfill our nation's goals. The organized Jewish community has long
     advocated passage of the overall foreign aid package, not aid to Israel
     alone, as vital to U.S. interests abroad. The Clinton Administration
     has sought to give greater emphasis to foreign aid that promotes
     democracy, human rights and sustainable development. The
     organized Jewish community has been supportive of these efforts
     with the clear understanding that any reconfiguration of how aid is
     dispensed not be accomplished at the expense of aid to Israel. We
     have worked closely and continue to work closely with coalition
     partners on these concerns. Foreign aid currently represents less
     than one percent of the federal budget, and efforts to further cut it
     should be vigorously opposed. Education regarding the true amount
     of aid dispensed and its impact on programs around the world is
     required.

     Jews in the Former Soviet Union
         Jews who remain in the independent states of the former
     Soviet Union constitute the third largest Jewish population center
     in the world. The organized American Jewish community is
     deeply concerned abou t their securi ty, especially as the transition
     to democracy and market economies continues to be character-
     ized by political instability and economic distress. While anti-
     Semitism is no longer an official state policy, as it was under the
     Soviet regime, it nonetheless continues to be manifested in
     Russia, Ukraine and a number of other republics. The NJCRAC
     supports U.S. assistance to Russia and the other states of the FSU
     to facilitate the establishment of democratic institutions and
     reform of their economies. At the same time, the U.S. government
     and others are urged to press the governments of the successor
     states of the FSU to guarantee the right of free emigration, to
     promptly resolve all pending refusenik cases, and to take public
     stands against anti-Semitism and ethnic discrimination.
18
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conce,rnS are addressed through -theNJCRAC
process~;Jr()m. irlterpreting developn'lemSink.
Israe!;'toproIl1oting equality of opportUoiixfqr,:.
a11irl·Merican society; from securing ~s~PP9rt;'
foroppreJ'sed Jews around the w'?t:la,fto'"
prorrtotihg,positive cooperation and. tl11aer,,;'
standmg.betwren America's many religiq~s/ _ _
ethriic:;a:hd -racial groups; from protecting the ,
enviroiunel1t,to ensuring energy indepel1d~l1c~>­
for th~ United States; from empowering college. -
students to address their public affairsconcems,.
to engagingthe broader Jewish comrntplitym
efforts to assure continuity through wod{Ql1thEi
publiS aff~irs agenda.                  • ... :
                                                        continueto~·~~;Pllg;:.)
                                                                                                                            19
20
         _NJCRAC Officers -
                     Chair
   Lynn Lyss, National Council of Jewish Women

                  Vice Chairs
          Marie Abrams, Louisville, KY
         Susan Abravanel, Portland, OR
          Michael Bohnen, Boston, MA
Dr. Leonard A. Cole, Bergen Cty/North Hudson, NJ
           Anita Gray, Cleveland, OH
        Dr. Jacob Kirshner, Middlesex, NJ
     Robert Lifton, American Jewish Congress
        Steven Schwarz, Wilkes-Barre, PA
          Alan Sieroty, Los Angeles, CA
        Dr. Stephen Stone, Springfield, IL
   Elaine Wishner, American Jewish Committee

                  Treasurer
      Michael N. Newmark, St. Louis, MO

                  Secretary
       Frederick N. Frank, Pittsburgh, PA

                 Past Chairs
        Albert E. Arent, Washington, DC
         Jordan c..Band, Cleveland, OH
          Lewis D. Cole, Louisville, KY
       Aaron Goldman, Washington, DC
           Irving Kane, Cleveland, OH
      Jacqueline K. Levine, MetroWest, NJ
      Theodore R. Mann, Philadelphia, PA
          Michael A. Pelavin, Flint, MI
        Arden E. Shenker, Portland, OR
        Lewis H. Weinstein, Boston, MA
        Maynard I. Wishner, Chicago, IL
       Bennett Yanowitz, Cleveland, OH

         Executive Vice Chairman
               Lawrence Rubin

      Executive Vice Chair Emeritus
              Albert D. Chernin

                                                   21
r;::::::========= - NJCRAC Staff-
                  Dr. Lawrence Rubin
                 Executive Vice Chairman

                     Martin J. Raffel
              Associate Executive Vice Chair/
                Director, Israel Task Force

                    Kenneth Bandler
              Director of Public Information

                   Jerome A. Chanes
            Co-Director for Domestic Concerns

                      Mark X. Jacobs
                    Project Coordinator,
       Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life

                   Jessica Lieberman
        Assistant Director, International Concerns

                      Joy E. Newton
      Assistant Director for Community Coordination

                      Karen Senter
            Co-Director for Domestic Concerns

                     Matthew Symons
                    Program Assistant,
       Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life

                  Administrative Staff
           Denise Klineman, Office Manager
            Yadira Conyers • Eva Jacoby
             Josie Sayani • Richard So to
JOINT PROGRAM PLAN 1995-96
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 • Equal Opportunity and Social Justice
        - Poverty and Welfare Reform
        - Immigration Reform
        - Public School Education
        - Crime and Violence
        - Ethnic Relations and the Political Process
        - Continuing and Urgent
             - Health Care Reform
             - Current Status of Women

 • Jewish Security and the Bill of Rights
        - Religious Values, Religious Liberty
            and the Separation of Church and State
        - Constitutional Protections in a Pluralistic Society
        - Anti-Semitism in the United States
        - Interreligious Relationships

 • Energy and the Environment

 • Israel and the Middle East
        - Peace Process
        - U.S.-Israel Relations
        - American Jewish - Israel Relations
        - Continuing and Urgent
             - Israel and the International Community
             - Middle East Arms Control

 • World Jewry and International Human Rights
        - Foregn Policy in the Post Cold War Era
        - International Terrorism
        - Jews in the Former Soviet Union

 • Community Relations Concerns on the Campus




                                                                23
24
N]CRAC Constituent Organizations, Continued
Michigan                                                     Oklahoma
Jewish Community Council of                                  Jewish Federation of Greater Oklahoma
    Metropolitan Detroit                                     Jewish Federation of Tulsa
Flint JewIsh Federation
                                                             Oregon
Minnesota                                                    Jewish Federation of Portland
JCRCI Anti-Defamation League of
   Minnesota and the Dakotas                                 Pennsylvania
                                                             CRC of the Jewish Federation of Allentown
Missouri                                                     Erie Jewish Community Council
Jewish Community Relations Bureaul                           CRC of the United Jewish Federation
    American Jewish Committee of                                of Greater Harrisburg
    Greater Kansas City                                      JCRC of Greater Philadelphia
St. Louis JCRC                                               CRC of the United Jewish Federation
                                                                of Pittsburgh
Nebraska                                                     Scranton-Lackawanna Jewish Federation
ADLlCRC of the Jewish Federation of Omaha                    Jewish Federation of Greater Wilkes-Barre

New Jersey                                                   Rhode Island
Federation of Jewish Agencies of Atlantic County             CRC of the Jewish Federation
United Jewish Community Bergen County I                        of Rhode Island
   North Hudson
Jewish Federation of Central New Jersey                      South Carolina
Jewish Federation of Clifton-Passaic                         Charleston jewish Federation
MetroWest United Jewish Federation                           Columbia Jewish Federation
Jewish Federation of Greater Middlesex County
JCRC Jewish Federation of North Jersey                       Tennessee
JCRC of Southern New Jersey                                  JCRC of the Memphis Jewish Federation
Jewish Federation of Mercer and Bucks Counties               Jewish Federation of Nashville
                                                                and Middle Tennessee
New Mexico
Jewish Federation of Greater Albuquerque                     Texas
                                                             jewish Federation of Austin
New York
                                                             jewish Federation of Greater Dallas
Jewish Federation of Broome County
                                                             JCRC of the je\\'ish Federation of El Paso
jewish Federation of Greater Buffalo
                                                             Jewish Federation of Fort Worth
Elmira jewish Welfare Fund
Jewish Federation of Greater Kingston                           and Tarrant County
                                                             eRC of the jewish Federation
JCRC of New York
                                                                of Gredter Houston
United Jewish Federation
                                                             JCRC of the jewish Federation
   of Northeastern New York
Jewish Federation of Greater Orange County                      of San Antonio
Jewish Community Federation of Rochester
Syracuse jewish Federation                                   Virginia
                                                             United Jewish Community
Utica Jewish Federation
                                                                of the Virginia Peninsula
Ohio                                                         jewish Community Federation of Richmolld
Akron jewish Community Federation                            United jewish Federation of Tidewatel
Canton Jewish Community Federation
Cincinnati JCRC                                              Washington
Cleveland Jewish Community Federation                        Jewish Federation ot Greater Seattle
CRC of the Columbus Jewish Federation
JCRC of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton              Wisconsin
CRC of the jewish Federation of Greater Toledo               Madi,on jewish Community Council
JCRC of Youngstown Area jewish Federation                    !\Iilwaukee Jewish Council

  'CRC - (ColI","",ill, Relation" Committee or COl//lci/);   [eRe - ([,""ish C(llllllllllllftl Relations COl//lcil)
                                       it




                    NJCRAq'
       443 Park A venue South'
      New York, NY 10016.7322'
212.684.6950   Fax 212.vuv.J.4JiJ'4J

				
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