Exam Questions (Lexicology)
1. Lexicology as a science, its object. Links with other branches of linguistics. The main
2. Language units. Morphemes. Free and bound types.
3. Language units. Word. External, internal structure of the word. Structural types of words.
4. Word-building: affixation. The classification of suffixes. Productive, non-productive types.
5. Word-building: affixation. The classification of prefixes. Productive, non-productive types.
6. Word-building: composition. The structural aspect of compounds.
7. Word-building: composition. The semantic aspect of compounds.
8. Word-building: composition. The theoretical aspect of compounds.
9. Word-building: conversion. Semantic associations.
10. Word-building: types of shortening.
11. Minor types of word-building.
12. Homonyms. Types and classifications of homonyms.
13. Sources of homonyms. Split polysemy.
14. Synonyms. The dominant synonym. Euphemisms.
15. Types of synonyms, types of connotations.
16. Antonyms. Types of antonyms.
17. The phraseological system of English. The problem of terminology. The problem of
distinguishing phraseological units from free word-groups.
18. The problem of classification of phraseological units. Traditional classification. Acad. V.V.
19. The problem of classification of phraseological units: prof. A.I. Smirnitsky’s, classification.
20. The problem of classification of phraseological units: prof. I.V. Arnold’s point of view.
21. The problem of classification of phraseological units: prof. A.V. Koonin’s approach.
22. The etymology of English words. International words, etymological doublets.
23. Classification of borrowings according to the borrowed aspect.
24. Classification of borrowings according to the degree of assimilation.
25. Classification of borrowings according to the language from which they were borrowed.
26. Standard English variants and dialects. British and American English.
27. Functional styles. Informal style (colloquial words, slang).
28. Functional styles. Formal style (learned words, professional terminology, basic vocabulary).
29. Archaic and obsolete words, historisms, neologisms.
30. Lexicography. Its history. Types of dictionaries.