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					Cleavage Model and Governor
Jane Swift

 Richard G. Hunt
          Cleavage Model
(Stein Rokan and Seymour Lipset)
Regional Patterns in Political Geography the result of
  conflict between:
                                                       Periphery
   Core Area:
     • Monopolizes Power and Wealth                     Core
       • Is More Urbanized
      • Links Government to the Ruling Elite Culture
    Periphery:
       • Location of Ethnic Minorities
       • Largely Rural
       • Less Affluent
       • Excluded from the Power Structure
Cleavage Model Example:Kurdistan
                    Location: Peripheral,
                    mountainous
                    Population: 23 million overall, 4
                    million in Kurdistan
                    Language: Indo-European
                    Political parties: KDP (Masood
                    Barzani), PUK ( Jabal Talabani)
                    Economy: Kirkuk & oil
                    History and Relationship with
                    Iraq:
                       Kurdistan independent &
                    under U.S. protection since
                    1991
                        Hussein’s base: Sunni Arab:
                    20%, 80% other
                    ethnic/religious groups
                       End of Hussein: would
                    Kurdistan be independent or
                    part of a coalition govt.?
          Governor Jane Swift and the Cleavage Model
A graduate of the North Adams Public Schools,
Swift earned her bachelor's degree from Trinity
College in 1987. She is a member of the Board
of Directors of the Massachusetts Girl Scout
Council. Swift, 37, is a native of North Adams.
She currently lives with her husband, Chuck
Hunt, and their daughters, Elizabeth, age 3, and
one year old twins, Lauren and Sarah, at their
family farm in Williamstown
      Governors of Massachusetts
From Western Massachusetts: (West of Worcester Co.: (Franklin,
Hamden, Hampshire, Berkshire Counties)

Date                     Residence                  Term____
1800- 1900:

Caleb Strong             Northhampton               1800-1807,
                                                    1812-1816

George N. Briggs        Adams                       1844-1851

Thomas Talbot           Northhampton                1874-1875,
                                                     1879-1880

George D. Robinson     Chicopee                     1884-1887

1900-2003:

Winthrop M. Crane      Dalton                       1900-1903

Joseph B. Ely          Westfield                    1931-1935

Foster Furcolo         Longmeadow (born in Conn.)
                                                    1957-1961

Jane Swift             North Adams                  2001-2003


Total: 8 of 69 or 12% of Governors since 1800 (Not including Governor
Romney ) Western Mass. Contains 14% of the state population and
35% of the land area.
         Cellophane woman and Cellophane Region



“Make no mistake: Jane Swift has been woefully and
unjustly maligned”

“Coming from the western part of the State, she was
seen as an outsider by the Boston political crowd, and
she found this geographical discrimination hard to
overcome”

Attribution ?
 “There wasn’t any big homecoming for Gov. Jane M. Swift when
 she returned to the Berkshires as a private citizen” (T & G)
Western Massachusetts Communities
  Geographic Orientation: Places of Western Massachusetts
     Cleavage Model and Mass. Politics
      Western Massachusetts: The Cellophane Region

                            Discussion Forum
_________________________________________________________________
“East Meets West: Bridging the Politics, Economics and Histories of Eastern and
Western Massachusetts”
(Massachusetts Institute for a New Commonwealth, January. 17, 2002)
Participants:
• Jack Tager: Historian, U-Mass, Massachusetts Historical Atlas
• Graig Moore: Professor Of Economics at U-Mass
• Shannon O’Brien: Treasurer of Massachusetts
• David Barkley: President of Holyoke Community College
• Moderator: Matt Mallone
  Western and Eastern Mass. Functional Regions

Graig Moore:
• Western Mass. not integrated
economically with Eastern
Mass., but with NY and Conn.
Functional Regions: (Green
Study of NY & Boston)
• Railroad commuter traffic
• Newspaper circulation
• Telephone calls
• Truck freight movement (wholesale)
• Others
   Western & Eastern Mass. Role of Rivers in Economy

Craig Moore:

Massachusetts
Economy:

• Water power, rivers
and seaports drove
the economy: rivers
run North and South
        Metropolitan Growth in Massachusetts

Jack Tager:
• Boston is the Economic Core
and the Political Core (Capital)
since 1630. Someplace West of
Boston was the Periphery.
•Boston merchants controlled
state legislature
• Shay’s Rebellion: 1796
• Urbanization and
Industrialization: post 1860

• Metropolitan Growth: Post
WW II
       Western & Eastern Mass A Cultural Divide


Cultural Divide: Rural vs.
Urban lifestyles &
“Flatlanders” (Boston Globe)
• Neighborliness & Place
• Traffic & Crime
• Mandates
More Recently
•Casino Gambling
•Big Dig
Growth Poles and Metro Development
       Independence for Western Massachusetts
            (Berkshire Freedom Coalition)


Berkshire Flag
                             Western Mass. Boundaries
Big Dig Controversy
   Territorial Injustice ?
Politics of Massachusetts.
           Why the Cleavage?


Geographic Isolation and the Physical
Environment

Environmental Issues, Territorial
Justice, and Geopolitics

Geographically Uneven Economic
Development and Geopolitics
      Late Start in Development

Geographic
Isolation of
Western
Mass.
Late Start in Development
 Geographic Isolation of Western Massachusetts
  Western Massachusetts Economic Base
      Images of Western Massachusetts: What is there of interest?




Largely
 Rural
  And
Resource
 Based
     Environmental Issues and Territorial Justice

                       Quabbin Reservoir




Diversion of Water
From Conn. River to
Quabbin proposal
          Poverty in Western Mass.


More Poverty
 Western Mass. Income



 Lower
Income
      Western Massachusetts: Migration of Young

 Loss of Jobs
Out Migration
   Western Massachusetts: Labor Force

 Job
Status

				
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posted:11/2/2011
language:English
pages:25