Copy of AP Biology Syllabus by nuhman10


									                    AP Biology Syllabus
Course Description (excerpted from AP Course Description, College

     Introduction: The AP Biology course is a year-long course
designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory biology course
usually taken by biology majors during their first year of college.
Non-science majors often use this course to fulfill a basic
requirement for a laboratory-science course. It is both a difficult
yet enjoyable course. You are held to high expectations and an
assumption that you will act with the maturity of a first year college
student. Primary emphasis in this course will be on developing an
understanding of concepts rather than on memorizing terms and
technical details. Cell’s structure, chemistry and physiology as well
as genetics are taught in the first semester. Second semester
encompasses diversity and physiology of organisms as well as ecology.
Evolutionary relationships are taught in both semesters. A minimum of
25% of the hours of course time will be spent doing hands-on
laboratory work.

     Objectives: You will be able to:
           ~ develop a conceptual framework for modern biology and
recognize the unifying themes         that integrate all major topics
           ~ sharpen skills associated with performing experiments in
an inquiry-based laboratory                 setting, as well as skills
in data analysis and manipulation
           ~ experience science as a process of problem solving and
           ~ gain an appreciation of science as a process and apply
their biological knowledge and              critical thinking to social
and environmental concerns
           ~ develop skills to take and successfully pass the AP Exam


Texts Required: Biology, Campbell and Reece, 8th Edition

Optional Texts: Preparing for the Biology AP Exam, Campbell and Reece

Everyday Class Materials:
         Notebook for notes, handouts, and labs
         Pen and pencil
         Textbook
         Lab composition notebook (must be bound; pages cannot be
         Scientific calculator (graphing calculator preferred for
           statistical analysis)
* Regular Internet access for short and long-term assignments will be
required. If you do not have home access, you will be expected to
make alternative arrangements with the instructor.

Classroom Expectations:

1) All class materials are brought to class every day.
2) Respect is shown to all faculty, guests and other students.
3) No food or drink in the lab.
4) Labs are performed with a mature and responsible attitude.
5) Participation, class preparation and timely attendance are
6) Violators of the Code of Conduct will receive appropriate
Grading Criteria:

              Evaluation               Weight of Grade by
      Test and Quizzes           40%
      Laboratory work            25%
      Class work and Homework    15%
      Projects                   10%
      Literature Analysis        10%

Tests and Quizzes: Regular assessment is a large    percentage of your
grade. In addition to chapter tests and quizzes,    practice AP tests
will be administered throughout the year. Taking    these practice tests
can help provide experience that will benefit you   when the actual test

Laboratory Work: This course includes a laboratory component that
fulfills all of the objectives of the 12 required AP Biology labs, as
well as many additional labs and activities. You will be spending a
minimum of 25% (roughly 32 block periods) of instructional time
engaged in hands-on laboratory work. To stress biology and science in
general as a process, lab activities emphasize development and testing
of the hypothesis; collection, analysis, and presentation of data; and
a clear discussion of results. Just like a 4-credit college course,
all work done involving the labs will be weighted in its own category.
This includes lab quizzes, lab-focused assignments, lab data analysis,
and formal/informal lab reports.

Class work and Homework: Both assignments will be graded on a sporadic
basis. Most homework assignments will involve questions from the book
or an article, take-home free-response practice questions, or packets
to reinforce previously learned concepts. Class work will vary.

Projects: Throughout the course individual and group projects may be
assigned. Any long-term projects will be completed outside of class
Literature Analysis: A strong portion of any AP curriculum is being
able to read, analyze, and critique associated literature. For this
class, you will be reading a number of current event articles, case
studies, science non-fiction books, and research papers to hone these
skills. Some of these assignments address environmental and social
concerns, and are essential to keep current in the field. For most of
these assignments, you will need to write a reaction paper, which
involves both a summary and an opinion component. It is important as
budding scientists that you develop not only the skills to conduct
science, but also a sense of responsibility on how to use it.

          As science is more and more subject to grave misuse as
          well as to use for human benefit it has also become
          the scientist's responsibility to become aware of the
          social relations and applications of his subject, and
          to exert his influence in such a direction as will
          result in the best applications of the findings in his
          own and related fields. Thus he must help in educating
          the public, in the broad sense, and this means first
          educating himself, not only in science but in regard
          to the great issues confronting mankind today.
                                ~ Hermann Joseph Muller (Nobel
          Prize winner, 1946)

Grading Scale:

   96.5-100   A+                        79.5-82.49   B-
   92.5-96.49 A                         76.5-79.49   C+
   89.5-92.49 A-                        72.5-76.49   C
   86.5-89.49 B+                        69.5-72.49   C-
   82.5-86.49 B                         0-69.49           F
Make-up Policies:

     ~If you are absent on the day of an assessment, it is YOUR
responsibility to discuss a mutually acceptable date to take a
comparable assessment. All make-ups are after school, not during
     ~If you are absent on the day of a lab, it is YOUR
responsibility to discuss a mutually acceptable date to complete a
comparable lab. You will be required to make up the same lab, or a
virtual version of the lab. All lab make-ups are after school, not
during class

Plagiarism (from

“Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or
borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying"
and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense.
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize"
means: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as
one's own, to use (another's production) without crediting the
source, to commit literary theft, to present as new and original an
idea or product derived from an existing source. All of the
following are considered plagiarism:

     turning in someone else's work as your own
     copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
     failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
     giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
     changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source
      without giving credit
     copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up
      the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not”

Any student work completed and turned in that qualifies as
plagiarism as defined here will result in a zero for the assignment,
a note placed in your student record, and a phone call home.

AP Exam

     In order to receive the college credits awarded for the
completion of this class each student must pass the AP Exam. This
is in a way the culminating event of this course. Given its
difficult nature we will spend much of our energy preparing for this
test. We will spend some time during the course of the year talking
about exam strategies, looking at questions from previous tests, and
reviewing important concepts. In addition we have decided to format
all of the units tests in much the same way the AP Exam is
formatted. This will allow you some opportunities to practice the
types of multiple choice and open response questions you will see on
the exam. Finally, if time allows we will spend the final few weeks
of the course reviewing and preparing.

     The AP Exam is three hours in length and is designed to
measure your knowledge and understanding of modern biology. The
exam consists of an 80-minute, 100-item multiple-choice section; a
10-minute reading period; and a 90-minute free-response section,
consisting of four mandatory questions that encompass broader
topics. The multiple-choice section counts for 60% of the exam
grade, and the free-response section counts for 40%. AP Exams are
scored on a scale of 1 through 5, 1 being “no recommendation” and 5
being “extremely well-qualified.” A grade of 3 or higher is the
typical score colleges will accept to credit the AP Biology towards
your first year.

Major Themes

Themes will help you organize concepts and topics into a coherent
conceptual framework that cuts across the units of study. In
addition, the AP Biology Exam will emphasize both themes and
concepts, while placing less weight on specific facts.

1. Science as a Process (SP) – Science is a way of knowing. It can
involve a discovery process using inductive reasoning, or it can be
a process of hypothesis testing.

2. Evolution (EV) – Evolution is the biological change of organisms
that occurs over time and is driven by the process of natural
selection. Evolution accounts for the diversity of life on Earth.

3. Energy Transfer (ET) – Energy is the capacity to do work. All
living organisms are active because of their abilities to link
energy reactions to the biochemical reactions that take place within
their cells.

4. Continuity and Change (CC) – All species tend to maintain
themselves from generation to generation using the same genetic
code. However, there are genetic mechanisms that lead to change
over time, or evolution.

5. Relationship of Structure to Function (SF) – The structural
levels from molecules to organisms ensure successful functioning in
all living organisms and living systems.

6. Regulation (RE) – Everything from cells to organisms to
ecosystems is in a state of dynamic balance that must be controlled
by positive or negative feedback mechanisms.

7. Interdependence of Nature (IN) – Living organisms rarely exist
alone in nature.

8. Science, Technology, and Society (ST) – Scientific research often
leads to technological advances that can have positive and/or
negative impacts upon society as a whole.

Topics of Study

It is the goal of this course to broaden your understanding of
biology as it relates to three major areas that are further broken
down into 9 major concepts. The themes and concepts are accompanied
by percentages. These percentages represent how much of the course
and AP Exam will be devoted to that topic.

I. Molecules and Cells……………………………………………………….25%
     A. Chemistry of Life…………………………..7%
     B. Cells……………………………….………..10%
     C. Cellular Energetics…………………………8%

II. Heredity and Evolution………………………………………………….25%
     A. Heredity…………………………………….8%
     B. Molecular Genetics…………………….…...9%
        C. Evolutionary Biology……………………….8%

III. Organisms and Populations……………………………………………..50%
     A. Diversity of Organisms……………….……..8%
     B. Structure/Function of Plants & Animals…...32%
     C. Ecology……………..………………………10%
Course Outline

 Days         Topics Covered       Related      Labs & Activities         Text
Spent                               Themes                              (chapter
  on                                                                       s)
3       UNIT: Introduction to AP Biology

        Biological Themes          All       Lab: Introduction to       1
        Biological Levels of                 Measurement and
        Organization                         Statistical Analysis
                                             Activity: Graphing
                                             Activity: Writing a
                                             Scientific Research
15      UNIT: Ecology

        Population Dynamics        SP, CC    Lab: E. Coli Population    52 & 53
                                             Activity: Introduction
                                             to a Literature Review
        Communities and            EV, ET,   Lab: AP Lab 12             54 & 55
        Ecosystems                 CC, RE,   “Dissolved Oxygen and
                                   IN        Primary Productivity”
                                             Lab: Ecological
                                             Succession of Bacteria
                                             in Milk
                                             Paper “Does the Invasive
                                             Weed Garlic Mustard
                                             Disrupt Mutualistic
                                             Associations Between
                                             native Tree Seedlings
                                             and Arbuscular
                                             Mycorrhizal Fungi?”
        Global Issues              IN, ST    Act: PBS Newshour          56
                                             “Automobile Choices and
                                             Alternative Fuels”
                                             Lab: Lemna minor
                                             Paper “What Caused the
                                             Drastic Decline of the
                                             Illinois Greater Prairie
                                             Video “An Inconvenient

9       UNIT: Chemistry of Life

        Chemistry Review           ET, SF    Act: Molecular Modeling    2 & 3
        Water                                Paper “What Creates
                                          „Devils Gardens‟ in the
                                          Rain Forest?”
                                          Lab: Water Properties
     Organic Molecules in        SP, ET, Lab: Macromolecules            4 & 5
     Organisms                   SF, RE   Testing Lab
     Free Energy Changes                  Lab: AP Lab 2 “Enzyme
     Enzymes                              Catalysis”
                                          Case Study “Picture
24   UNIT: The Cell and Cellular Energetics

     Prokaryotic and             SF, RE      Lab: Microscopy            6 & 7
     Eukaryotic Cells                        Techniques
     Subcellular Organization                Lab: AP Lab 1 “Diffusion
                                             and Osmosis”
     Membranes                   SF, RE,     Lab: Cell-to-Cell          11
     Cell Signaling and          IN, ST
     Cell Cycle and its          CC, RE,     Lab: AP Lab 3A “Mitosis”   12
     Regulation                  ST

     Coupled Reactions           ET, SF,     Lab: AP Lab 5 “Cellular    8,9, &
     Fermentation and Cellular   RE          Respiration”               10
     Respiration                             Lab: Fermentation of
     Photosynthesis                          Sugars
                                             Lab: AP Lab 4 “Plant
                                             Pigments and
                                             Paper “Is the Rotation
                                             fo the Internal Rod in
                                             ATP Synthase Responsible
                                             for ATP Synthesis?”
                                             Case Study “Bean Brew”
11   UNIT: Heredity

     Meiosis and Gametogenesis   SP, CC,     Activty: Meiosis           13
                                 ST          Modeling
                                             Activity: Exercises in
     Inheritance Patterns        SP,   CC,   Lab: AP Lab 7 “Genetics    14
                                 SF,   ST    of Organisms”
     Eukaryotic Chromosomes      SP,   CC,                              15
                                 SF,   ST
12   UNIT: Molecular Genetics

     RNA and DNA Structure and   CC, RE,     Lab: AP Lab 6B             16, 17
     Function                    ST          “Electrophoresis”
     Mutations                               Paper “Does DNA
                                             Replication Follow the
                                             Semiconservative, or
                                             Dispersive Model?”
     Gene Regulation             SP,   CC,                              18
                                 RE,   ST
     Viral Structure and         EV,   SF,   Case Study “The Donor‟s    19, 21
     Replication                 RE,   IN,   Dilemma”
                                 ST          Case Study “Pandemic Flu
                                             (Past and Possible)”
     Nucleic Acid Technology     SP, ST      Lab: AP Lab 6A             20
     and Applications                        “Transformation”
                                             Lab: Phylogenetic Tree

10    UNIT: Evolutionary Biology

      Evidence for Evolution       SP,   EV,                              22
                                   CC,   IN
      Mechanisms of Evolution      SP,   EV,   Lab: AP Lab 8              23
                                   CC,   SF,   “Population Genetics and
                                   ST          Evolution”
                                               Paper “Do Females Select
                                               Mates Based on Traits
                                               Indicative of „Good
      Early Evolution of Life     SP, EV,      Case Study “Tree           24, 25 &
                                  SF           Thinking”                  26
48    UNIT: Diversity of Organisms

      Evolutionary Patterns       SP,    CC,                              27
      Evolutionary                SF,    IN
      Survey of the Diversity     SP,    CC,   Lab: Eukaryotic Cells      28
      of Life                     SF,    IN    Survey
      UNIT: Structure and Function of    Plants and Animals

      Reproduction, Growth and     All         Lab: AP Lab 9              29,   30,
      Development                              “Transpiration”            38,   35,
                                               Paper “Can Flower Shape    36
      Structural,                              Influence Speciation       32,   33,
      Physiological, and                       Rate?”                     34,   40,
      Behavioral Adaptations                   Case Study “Corn Under     41,   42,
                                               Construction”              43,   44,
      Response to the                          Lab: AP Lab 10             45,   46,
      Environment                              “Physiology of the         47,   48,
                                               Circulatory System”        49,   50,
                                               Lab: AP Lab 11 “Animal     51
                                               Case Study “Back to the
                                               Activity: Phylogenetic
                                               Collections Project
5     Exam Review Days

May   AP Biology Exam

To top