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forklift - PowerPoint

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									            BLR’s
Safety Training Presentations
Forklift Operator Training 29 CFR 1910.178




                     11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
Is Forklift Training Necessary?

 About 100
  deaths each year
 About 95,000
  accidents each year
 Bankruptcy
 New OSHA
  training standard



                        11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
     Forklift Operating Goals

 Hazards and forklift stability
 Inspecting and operating a forklift
 Quiz




                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
        Authorized Operator

 Only trained and authorized personnel are
  permitted to operate a forklift
 Keep unauthorized employees off of forklifts
 Keep pedestrians away from the operating
  zone of a forklift
 Lock out unsafe lifts as determined in a
  preoperation inspection



                        11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
         Operating Hazards

 Workplace hazards: ramps, railroad tracks,
  slippery floors, poor lighting, congestion
 Loads: large or bulky, uneven weight, broken
  pallets, poorly stacked
 Pedestrians: horseplay, unaware of forklift
  areas, not paying attention




                       11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                Nameplate

   OSHA requires a legible nameplate
   Includes modifications & attachments
   Capacity
   Load center




                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
 Center of Gravity

 Balance point
                  48”
        A




 Distance from the edge of the
  item to the item’s center of gravity
            20”                40”

        B




                        11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
               Load Center

 Distance from vertical face of the forks
  to the load’s center of gravity              A
                                                         48””



   –A: Load center = 24"
   –B: Load center = 40"                                   80”
                                   B




 1 inch = 100 lbs
 Important reason for keeping the load
  resting against the vertical face of forks

                           11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
              Stability Triangle
      3-point suspension
 Forklift’s center of gravity


 Combined center of gravity


 Load center beyond 24"

                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
            Combined Actions

 Center of gravity moves
  side to side

 Center of gravity
  moves forward

 Center of gravity moves
  backward to the thin portion
  of the triangle

                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
              Attachments

 Specific
  operator training
 Weight of
  attachments
 Increased
  load center




                      11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
               Tipping Over

   Do not jump
   Hold onto the steering wheel
   Brace your feet
   Lean away from the fall




                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
     Forklift Operating Goals

 Hazards and forklift
  stability
 Inspecting and
  operating a forklift
 Quiz




                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
       Preoperation Inspection

 As an authorized operator,
  it is your responsibility to
  make sure your forklift
  functions properly
 OSHA requires
  preoperation inspections
 Company wants to comply
  with OSHA and be sure
  equipment is maintained

                          11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                Walk Around
 Forklift properly disengaged
   –Forks down, key off, neutral gear, parking brake on
 Left/right side
   –Tire condition, tight lug nuts, no debris around axle,
    overhead guard is solid, no debris behind the mast
 Front
   –Forks in good shape, fork pins in place, backrest
    solid, mast & chains greased, hoses in good shape
 Rear
   –Counterbalance bolt is tight, radiator clear of debris
                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                 In the Seat

 Nonmoving checks
   –Gauges, lights, horn, back-up alarm, blinking
    warning light, operate the tilt & lift mechanism,
    check the parking brake
 Moving checks
   –Put on the seat belt, check the running brakes,
    check the steering
 Look for oil or water leaks on the floor


                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
       Operating a Lift Truck

 Only trained, authorized operators
 Immediately report forklift-related accidents
 Seat belts must always be worn
 No person should stand under elevated
  portion of lift truck
 Forklift controls operated only from
  driver’s seat
 Never block exits or emergency equipment
 Smoking is not permitted
                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
          Loading/Unloading

 Before raising a load, understand:
   –Approximate weight of the load
   –Location of the load’s center of gravity
 Inspect load for stability, projections,
  damaged pallets before lifting
 Restack unstable loads
 Never place weight on the back of
  a lift truck to increase its capacity
 Towing always done from rear towing pin
                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                 Traveling

   Always look in the direction of travel
   Keep body inside the cage
   When moving, the mast must not be raised
   Sound the horn
   Operate at safe speeds
   When turning, watch rear end swing
   Clearance under overhead installations


                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
              Traveling (cont.)

   Avoid loose objects or holes
   If load blocks view, travel in reverse
   Never carry passengers
   Pedestrians always have the right-of-way
   Safe distance from edge of ramps or docks
   Never eat or drink
   No stunt driving or horseplay


                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
         Ramps and Railroads

   Never turn on a ramp
   On ramps the load should be upgrade
   Ascend or descend ramps slowly
   Railroad tracks are crossed diagonally
   Never park within 8 feet of the center of
    railroad tracks




                          11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                    Docks

   Inspect the dock plate
   Check the trailer floor condition
   Trailer wheels are chocked
   Nose of the trailer is supported
    by the tractor or a fixed jack




                          11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                   Parking

   Lower the forks
   Set gear to neutral
   Set the parking brake
   Turn off the key




                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
          Propane Refueling

 Propane is a combustible, compressed gas
 Propane leaks are detected by:
   –Distinct odor
   –Hissing sound
   –Frost on fittings
 PPE: gloves, safety glasses




                        11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
            Battery Charging

   Inspect battery connectors for damage
   No smoking in battery-charging area
   Immediately clean up electrolyte spills
   PPE includes face mask, acid-resistant
    gloves, and an apron




                          11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
     Forklift Operating Goals

 Hazards and Forklift Stability
 Inspecting and Operating a Forklift
 Quiz




                        11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                 Summary

   Facility hazards
   Load center and capacity
   Preoperation inspection
   Rules of the road
   Refueling




                         11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                          Quiz

1. If your forklift has a rearview mirror,
   looking behind you is not necessary.           True or False
2. Name two of the three ways to detect
   a propane leak: _______________, _______________
3. Describe the four items that must be completed
   prior to driving your forklift into a trailer.
4. If a load blocks your vision, it is OK to raise
   the load while moving to see under it.         True or False
5. Preoperation inspections are done only
   because OSHA says we have to do them. True or False

                               11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
                      Quiz (cont.)

6. Attachments reduce capacity by increasing
   the load center and adding weight.      True or False
7. Minimum PPE items required when refueling
   a propane tank are ___________, ____________.
8. The most important differences between a
    forklift and a car are weight and steering. True or False
9. Name at least one condition that when
    combined with turning sharply may cause a tipover.
10. Pedestrians have the right-of-way only
    while in designated pedestrian lanes.       True or False
                               11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
               Quiz Answers
1. False. You must always look behind you before
   backing up.
2. Hissing sound, distinct odor, or frost on fittings.
3. Chock the wheels, support the nose of the trailer,
   inspect the dock plate, check the trailer floor.
4. False. Never drive with the load up. Drive in reverse
   when the load obstructs forward vision.
5. False. Inspections are also done so that the operator
   can prevent mechanical failure accidents and because
   the company needs to prove compliance with
   OSHA’s requirement.
                            11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.
            Quiz Answers (cont.)
6. True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause
    the load center to move away from the forklift.
7. Gloves and safety glasses are the minimum PPE
    required.
8. True. There are many differences, but the most
    significant are weight and steering.
9. Hitting a pothole, carrying an off-center load,
    getting a flat tire, having a raised & tilted back
    load, or being on a ramp.
10. False. Pedestrians always have the right of way.

                             11006115 Copyright Business & Legal Reports, Inc.

								
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