International Network for Bamboo and Rattan

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					International Network for
   Bamboo and Rattan

In partnership for a better world
       bamboo and Rattan:
Global Bamboo trade and HS codes
Custom Codes and Trade Statistics


            Jolanda Jonkhart
                Director
     Trade Development Programme
              Main issues for discussion


• Importance of statistics:
  – to assess the developments in the sector;
     • What is your export, your import?
     • Which sectors grow, where are the markets?
  – to develop a supporting policy based on
   data


• A look at how codes and statistics
  impact each other and the data.
         What is Harmonized Coding System


   HS: Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding
    System, developed by World Customs Organization

   comprises about 5,000 commodity groups; each identified
    by a six digit code.

   Implemented in 1988 and updated in 1992, 1996, 2002
    and in 2007

   next update probably in 2012.

   Used by more than 200 countries: 98 % of the
    merchandise in international trade is classified in terms of
    the HS.
                      HS codes for bamboo and rattan
HS Codes for bamboo and rattan (including mixed bamboo + rattan codes):

      HS codes 2002: 9 codes:
            1- for bamboo for plaiting
            1- for rattan for plaiting
            7 - for mixed products with bamboo and similar materials

      HS codes 2007: 16 codes
            2- ‘old’ for bamboo for plaiting and rattan for plaiting
            2- for new for bamboo and rattan furniture and seats
            9 -new for bamboo
            3-new for rattan

      The approval of new codes reflects the development of the global
      bamboo industry and the increasing trade of bamboo products.
      A new code will be added if it will collect a minimum of 50 M US$
      annual trade value.

      The data can now be more precise.
           HS Codes 2002 for Bamboo and Rattan
                      HS Codes 2002 for B&R

 Codes                  Code description                  Category
140110   Bamboo used primarily for plaiting
                                                           Raw
140120   Rattan used primarily for plaiting
                                                          materials
140190   Veg. materials used for plaiting (incl. B & R)
460120   Mats and screens (incl. B & R)
460110   Plaited products (incl. B & R)
                                                           Plaited
460191   Plaited products (incl. B & R)                   Products

460210   Basket products (incl. B & R)
940150   Furniture (incl. B & R)                          Furniture
940380   Seats (incl. B & R)                              and seats
                  HS Codes 2007 for and
              HS Codes 2007 for BambooB&RRattan

   Codes                 Code description           Category
140110     Bamboo used primarily for plaiting
                                                  Raw materials
140120     Rattan used primarily for plaiting
460121     Bamboo mats and screens               Plaited products
460211     Bamboo basketwork
460192     Bamboo plaits and plaited products
                                                 Plaited products
460122     Rattan mats and screens                     (new)
460212     Rattan basketwork
460193     Rattan plaits and plaited products
440210     Bamboo charcoal
440921     Bamboo shaped products
441210     Bamboo plywood                       Industrial products
                                                      (new)
470630     Bamboo pulp
482361     Bamboo paper articles
940151     Bamboo and rattan seats              Furniture and seats
940381     Bamboo and rattan furniture                (new)
200591     Preserved bamboo shoot                  Shoots (new)
                    Efforts and Achievements
               for Bamboo and Rattan HS Codes

• In 2003, with the support and help of FAO, ITTO, EFI and
  Chinese government-China Customs Administration, INBAR
  submitted a proposal for new B&R HS codes to WCO, the
  World Customs Organization and WCO formally approved 14
  new HS codes with 6-digit for B&R products in 2005, which
  became effective in 2007.

• B&R products can now be classified more accurately.

• For the first time, INBAR made it possible to have import and
  export statistics data on bamboo panels, bamboo pulp and
  paper, preserved bamboo shoots and bamboo charcoal.
                 Global B&R export 2007 comparison after updating
                 (* also includes countries that have not updated yet)
                                                                   2007
 Codes                     Products
                                                   After updating with HS     HS 2002
                                                            2007
 140110     Bamboo used primarily for plaiting     Raw materials
 140120     Rattan used primarily for plaiting                         119         179
 460121     Bamboo mats and screens                B&R plaited products
 460211     Bamboo basketwork                                         835         1960
 460192     Bamboo plaits and plaited products     (incl. B&R mats and screens)
 460122     Rattan mats and screens                                   238          465
 460212     Rattan basketwork                      (incl.B&R basketwork)
 460193     Rattan plaits and plaited products                        563         1424
 440210     Bamboo charcoal                        Bamboo industrial products
 441210     Bamboo plywood
 440921     Bamboo shaped products
                                                                         669             --
 470630     Bamboo pulp
 482361     Bamboo paper articles
 940151     Bamboo and rattan seats                Furniture and seats
 940381     Bamboo and rattan furniture                                  653        2618
 200591     Preserved bamboo shoot                  Shoots            227              -
Total export value of bamboo and rattan products                     2503           4757
                                                                           Million USD

                                                             Source: UN Comtrade
                     Global B&R Export 2007



                           B&R raw           Bamboo
        Bamboo
                           materials,         plaited
      shoots 227M,
                           119M, 5%          products,
           9%
                                            547M, 22%


      B&R funiture
        and seats,                      Rattan plaited
       653M, 26%         Bamboo
                                          products
                        industrial
                                         288M, 12%
                        products
                       669M, 26%

The global export value of bamboo and rattan products in
                2007 : US$ 2503 million


                                        Source: UN Comtrade
                             Global B&R Trade Flow in 2007


         Top exporters                           Top importers

1: China ---------------- 46% 1141       1: EU-27 --------------- 29% 658
2: Indonesia ---------- 16% 401          2: USA ----------------- 18% 401
3: Viet Nam ------------ 5% 123          3: Japan --------------- 10% 230
4: EU-27 ----------------- 4% 104        4: Canada ------------- 3%     71
5: USA ------------------- 3%   68       5: China ---------------- 3%   58
6: Thailand ------------- 3%    66       6: Singapore --------- 2%      54
7: Philippines --------- 3%     63       7: South Korea------- 2%       38
8: Singapore ----------- 1%     32       8: Malaysia ------------ 1%    30
9: Malaysia ------------ 1%     31       9: Mexico -------------- 1%    30
10: Unit Arab Em.----- 1%       19       10: Australia ---------- 1%    27
Top 10 ------------------ 82% 2048       Top 10 ----------------- 70% 1596

Total export value ---------- 2502       Total import value -------- 2284
                                                        Unit: million USD



                                                  Source: UN Comtrade
                            Madagascar B&R Trade Values in 2007
                      With HS codes 2002                                            With HS codes 2007
  Products                                        Export   Import                                        Export   Import
# B&R raw materials                                3824       34      # B&R raw materials                   19       26
Bamboo for plaiting                                  28       16    Bamboo for plaiting                     19       18
Rattan for plaiting                                   8        8    Rattan for plaiting                     12         8
Veg. materials used for plaiting (incl. bamboo)    3788       10      # B&R plaited products               152       10
# B&R plaited products                             5261       10    Bamboo mats and screens                   6        2
Mats and screens (incl. bamboo)                     132         7   Rattan mats and screens                            1
Plaited products (incl. bamboo)                     124         0   Bamboo plaits & plaited prods           20
Plaits and plaited prods (incl. bamboo)                             Rattan plaits & plaited prods            1         1
Basketwork (incl. bamboo)                          5005         3   Bamboo basketwork                      116        5
# Bamboo industrial products                                        Rattan basketwork                        9        1
                                                                      # Bamboo industrial products          11       32
                                                                    Bamboo charcoal                         11
                                                                    Bamboo pulp                                      17
                                                                    Bamboo plywood                                   15
# B&R Furniture and seats                            86      596      # B&R Furniture and seats             62      195
Furniture (incl. bamboo)                             81      588    Bamboo and rattan furniture             57      191
Seats (incl.)                                         5        7    Bamboo and rattan seats                  5        4
# Bamboo shoots                                       -        -       # Bamboo shoots                      89        3
Preserved vegetables (incl. shoot)                    -        -    Preserved bamboo shoot                  89        3
# Total                                            9171      640      # Total                              345      266

                                                    Source: UN Comtrade                                   1000 USD
               HS and National Codes:
                     China’s national codes

26 National 8-digit codes for bamboo in China:

    •1 for bamboo for plaiting;
    •4 for bamboo plaited products;
    •8 for bamboo panels;
    •1 for bamboo charcoal;
    •1 for bamboo chopsticks;
    •1 for bamboo sticks;
    •1 for bamboo pulp;
    •1 for bamboo paper articles;
    •1 for bamboo sculpture, mixed with wood;
    •5 for bamboo shoots;
    •2 for bamboo and rattan furniture and seats
                Chinese national codes which correlate to
                      relevant bamboo - HS codes

    Codes                     Products                  Category
14011000        Bamboo for plaiting                   Raw materials
44021000        Bamboo charcoal
44092190        Bamboo shaped products
44121011~1099   Bamboo plywood(6 codes for types)   Industrial products
47063000        Bamboo pulp
48236100        Bamboo paper articles
46012100        Bamboo mats and screens
                                                     Plaited products
46021100        Bamboo basketwork
46019210/9290   Plaits and plaited products
94015100        Bamboo and rattan seats
                                                    Furniture and seats
94038100        Bamboo and rattan furniture
20059110/9190   Preserved bamboo shoots              Bamboo shoots
            Chinese National codes which do not
           correlate to bamboo specific HS codes


 Codes               Products         Category
44190032     Bamboo chopsticks
                                      Industrial
44219022     Bamboo sticks
                                        products
44201010     Bamboo sculpture

07099010     Fresh bamboo shoots

07119031     Salted bamboo shoots   Bamboo shoots

07129010     Dried bamboo shoots
                       China’s total export value in 2008:
                      difference between 6 digit codes and
                              China’s 8 digit codes

                                 UN        China’s        Data
          Products
                                 data       data       difference

Bamboo for plaiting                33.12      33.14         -0.02
Bamboo industrial products        389.73     506.16       -116.44

Bamboo plaited products           594.36     594.09          0.27
Bamboo furniture and seats         34.77      34.79         -0.02
Bamboo shoots                     163.43     193.37        -29.94

Grand total                      1215.40    1361.56      -146.16

                                                      Million USD
                    Import Trade of B&R products
                             -EU in 2008

                            Bamboo
                             plaited
        B&R                 products,        Bamboo
    furniture and          92M, 24%         industrial
    seats, 155M,                            products,
        40%                                37M, 10%


         Rattan
         plaited             Preserved      B&R raw
        products,             bamboo        materials,
       47M, 12%            shoots, 19M,     35M, 9%
                                5%

The total import value of EU in 2008 is 385 M Euros
(app. 539 M US$ in 2008)


                                    Source: EU trade statistics
                 Top B&R Exporters to EU in 2008


     Top exporters to EU-27     Export value            %
China                                    167                0.43
Indonesia                                105                0.27
Vietnam                                   31                0.08
Thailand                                   8                0.02
Philippines                                5                0.01
Malaysia                                   3                0.01
South Africa                               3                0.01
India                                      2                0.01
Argentina                                  2                0.00
United States                              2                0.00
Sub-total of top 10 exporters            329                0.85
Total export to EU                       385                1.00
                                               Unit: million EUR



                                       Source: EU trade statistics
Examples of analysis of traders
   :


(free) Sources:       http://comtrade.un.org/db

                      http://exporthelp.europa.eu

Important: input the correct code for the commodity /
product category you are interested in.




                                         Source: UN Comtrade
           140110 : bamboo used for plaiting (raw material)


• How much did the EU import in 2009 from outside the EU?
• 24.5 M Euros
• From Africa, which country in Africa exported the most of
  ‘140110’ to the EU?
• Sierra Leone (35.000 Euros)
• (four biggest exporters: China, Thailand, Vietnam, India)
• Where do I find this information?
• On EU trade statistics website: http://exporthelp.europa.eu
            140120 : rattan used for plaiting (raw material)


• How much did the EU import in 2009 from outside the EU?
• 3.2 M Euros
• How much of that is coming from China?
• 45%
• The second biggest exporter of ‘140120’ to the EU is which
  country?
• Singapore – 22%.
• Since when is Singapore a big rattan exporter? 
How much bamboo and rattan furniture (940381) did the EU import
              from outside the EU in 2009?

   • 54.7 M Euro:
      – 27.4 M from Indonesia
      – 19.7 M from China
      – 4.4 M from Vietnam

       – From Africa: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya,
         Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Nigeria,
         South Africa

       – From South America: Brazil
                          Conclusions

-   Reporting exports / imports using latest codes is
    a challenge but important for more accurate data
-   More precise data important to understand the
    development of the sector
-   With latest HS 2007 codes lot of progress made
    to make data more accurate
        Thank You!



Global bamboo trade and HS codes

				
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