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Cause _ Effect Paragraphs

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					Cause & Effect Paragraphs
         Chapter 9
What is Cause and Effect?
• Reasons why things happen (cause)
• Results of something happening (effect)
• Sometimes you are asked to think about both, but
  for this paragraph you will be concentrating
  either on the causes or effects—not both
Hints for Writing a Cause or Effect
Paragraph
• Pick a topic you can handle in one paragraph—a
  topic that is not too big and doesn’t require
  research.
      Too broad: The Causes for Illinois’s Budget Crisis
      Needs research: The Effects of the Internet on
      Relationships.
• Try to have at least three causes or effects in
  your paragraph.
  Immediate causes & Remote causes
      Your lose your job
  Immediate results & Remote results
      You lose your job
 Hints for Writing a Cause or Effect
 Paragraph

• Make your causes or effects clear and specific
• Write a topic sentence that indicates whether your
  paragraph is about causes or effects—so indicate,
  don’t announce.
• Words that signal causes—reasons, why, because,
  motives, intentions
• Words that signal effects—results, impact,
  consequences, changed, threatened,
  improved,
Checklist for Revising the Outline of a
     Cause or Effect Paragraph
• Does my topic sentence make my point?
• Does it indicate whether my paragraph is about
  causes or effects?
• Does the topic sentence fit the rest of the outline?
• Have I included enough causes or effects to make
  my point?
• Have I included enough details?
• Should I eliminate any ideas?
• Is the order of my causes or effects clear and
  logical?
The Order of Causes or Effects

• Time Order—the order in which things
  happened (chronological)

• Emphatic Order—arranging causes or
  effects so the most important comes last (to
  emphasize its importance)

• Logical Order—if one causes (or effect)
  leads to another, arrange following the
  path.
   Checklist for Revising a Draft of a
     Cause or Effect Paragraphs
 Does my topic sentence indicate cause or effect?
 Does it fit the rest of the paragraph?
 Do I have enough causes or effects to make my point?
 Do I have enough details for each cause or effect?
 Are my causes or effects explained clearly?
 Is there a clear connect between my ideas?
 Have I shown the links between my ideas?
 So I need to combine sentences?
 Do I need an opening or closing sentence?

				
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