VIEWS: 40 PAGES: 7 POSTED ON: 11/1/2011
ALCOHOLISM SAY NO TO ALCOHOL!! SURVEY 1.How often do you drink alcohol? a) every day; b) twice a month; c) sometimes; d) seldom; 2. What effects does alcohol have on your body? a) it affects your brain, liver and kidney; b) it helps you concentrate better; c) it affects your height and weight; d) it causes toothache; 3. What is alcohol? a) a medicine; b) a depressant; c) a fizzy drink; d) a poisonous substance; 4. What is the street name of alcohol? a) ethanol; b) hydroxyl; c) booze; 5. Which is not a strong alcoholic drink? a) wine; b) beer; c) plum brandy; d) liquor; SURVEY 6. Which of these effects is not an effect of drinking alcohol? a) headache; b) dizziness; c) fatigue; d) knee pain; 7. What is the increased risk for “heart muscle disease” called? a) arrhythmia; b) cardiomyopathy; c) arteriosclerosis 8. Does drinking alcohol affect a pregnant woman and her fetus? a) yes, it does; b) no, not at all; c) it affects only the pregnant woman; 9. What percent of alcohol does beer contain? a) 50%; b) 21%; c) 4 – 6%; d) 8 – 14%; 10. May moderate use of alcohol have a beneficial effect? a) yes, on the coronary system; b) no, never; c) alcohol is forbidden CONCLUSIONS People usually drink more alcoholic drinks when they have a special occasion; 50% of those interviewed drink at home every evening, but no more than a glass of beer or wine; Those who are very stressed out at work or have got family problems are tempted to drink every day more than it is permitted; Most of the drinkers do not know the bad effects of alcoholic drinks and 10% of them don’t even care about them. People in the country prefer home-made drinks such as plum brandy or wine; People in the city prefer beer or more expensive drinks. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS What different types of alcoholic drinks can you name? There are different types of alcoholic drinks, such as: beer, plum brandy, wine, liquor, whisky, vodka. How would you classify them? They are made of different material fermented. So, they belong to three categories: grains (beer, wine, scotch whisky, vodka, Irish whisky, etc. ) juice of fruits (brandy, cognac, wine, tzuica), vegetables (vodka) and other materials: honey, milk, sugar, sap of palm. What does the human body do with the alcohol you drink? it is completely miscible with the water so, alcohol is readily distributed throughout the body in the aqueous blood stream after consumption. It crosses rapidly important biological membranes, such as the blood brain barrier, to affect a large number of organs and biological processes in the body. The route is: mouth – esophagus – stomach – small intestine. At each point along the way it can be absorbed into the blood stream. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS What organs does it affect? Brain: alcohol’s direct action on the brain is as a depressant. It generally decreases the activity of the nervous system. Liver: the most common cause of illness and death from liver disease is from long-term alcohol consumption. Liver damage: 1. Fatty liver – Fatty liver means fat disposition in the liver. 2. Alcoholic hepatitis – "This disorder is characterized by widespread inflammation and destruction of the liver". It occurs in 50% of heavy drinkers.3. Alcoholic cirrhosis – This is the most advanced form of liver disease and is diagnosed in 15 to 30 % of heavy drinkers. Between 40 and 90 percent of the 26,000 annual deaths form cirrhosis are alcohol related. Cirrhosis causes malfunction of other bodily organs such as the brain and kidneys Kidney: The major functions of the kidneys are to regulate the volume and composition of the fluids and electrolytes in the body. Because of their involvement in many important bodily processes, alcohol, has the potential to influence and/or compromise these functions of the kidneys and thus induces severe consequences for the functioning of the organism. Heart: it is clear that of all the systems in the body the cardiovascular system is the one where ethanol may have both positive and negative effects. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS What are the short-run and long-run effects on the organism? The immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting. Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and liver. Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction (alcoholism). Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Does it affect everybody the same way? The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person's size, weight, age, and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. How many degrees can men / women drive with? In Romania, you are forbidden to drink and drive. Is it the same amount everywhere? No, there are countries where you may drink and drive, but in very small amounts.