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ALCOHOLISM

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ALCOHOLISM Powered By Docstoc
					ALCOHOLISM
 SAY NO TO
 ALCOHOL!!
                       SURVEY
 1.How often do you drink alcohol?
a) every day; b) twice a month; c) sometimes; d) seldom;

 2. What effects does alcohol have on your body?
a) it affects your brain, liver and kidney; b) it helps you concentrate
    better; c) it affects your height and weight; d) it causes toothache;

 3. What is alcohol?
a) a medicine; b) a depressant; c) a fizzy drink; d) a poisonous substance;

 4. What is the street name of alcohol?
a) ethanol; b) hydroxyl; c) booze;

 5. Which is not a strong alcoholic drink?
a) wine; b) beer; c) plum brandy; d) liquor;
                        SURVEY
 6. Which of these effects is not an effect of drinking alcohol?
a) headache; b) dizziness; c) fatigue; d) knee pain;

 7. What is the increased risk for “heart muscle disease”
   called?
a) arrhythmia; b) cardiomyopathy; c) arteriosclerosis

 8. Does drinking alcohol affect a pregnant woman and her
   fetus?
a) yes, it does; b) no, not at all; c) it affects only the pregnant woman;

 9. What percent of alcohol does beer contain?
a) 50%; b) 21%; c) 4 – 6%; d) 8 – 14%;

 10. May moderate use of alcohol have a beneficial effect?
a) yes, on the coronary system; b) no, never; c) alcohol is forbidden
                   CONCLUSIONS
   People usually drink more alcoholic drinks when they have a special
    occasion;

   50% of those interviewed drink at home every evening, but no more than a
    glass of beer or wine;

   Those who are very stressed out at work or have got family problems are
    tempted to drink every day more than it is permitted;

   Most of the drinkers do not know the bad effects of alcoholic drinks and
    10% of them don’t even care about them.

   People in the country prefer home-made drinks such as plum brandy or
    wine;

   People in the city prefer beer or more expensive drinks.
     QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
   What different types of alcoholic drinks can you name?
    There are different types of alcoholic drinks, such as: beer,
    plum brandy, wine, liquor, whisky, vodka.

   How would you classify them?
    They are made of different material fermented. So, they
    belong to three categories: grains (beer, wine, scotch whisky,
    vodka, Irish whisky, etc. ) juice of fruits (brandy, cognac,
    wine, tzuica), vegetables (vodka) and other materials: honey,
    milk, sugar, sap of palm.

   What does the human body do with the alcohol you drink?
    it is completely miscible with the water so, alcohol is readily
    distributed throughout the body in the aqueous blood stream
    after consumption. It crosses rapidly important biological
    membranes, such as the blood brain barrier, to affect a large
    number of organs and biological processes in the body.

    The route is: mouth – esophagus – stomach – small intestine.
    At each point along the way it can be absorbed into the blood
    stream.
     QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
   What organs does it affect?
    Brain: alcohol’s direct action on the brain is as a depressant. It
    generally decreases the activity of the nervous system.
   Liver: the most common cause of illness and death from liver disease is
    from long-term alcohol consumption. Liver damage:
   1. Fatty liver – Fatty liver means fat disposition in the liver. 2.
    Alcoholic hepatitis – "This disorder is characterized by widespread
    inflammation and destruction of the liver". It occurs in 50% of heavy
    drinkers.3. Alcoholic cirrhosis – This is the most advanced form of
    liver disease and is diagnosed in 15 to 30 % of heavy drinkers.
    Between 40 and 90 percent of the 26,000 annual deaths form cirrhosis
    are alcohol related. Cirrhosis causes malfunction of other bodily organs
    such as the brain and kidneys
   Kidney: The major functions of the kidneys are to regulate the volume
    and composition of the fluids and electrolytes in the body. Because of
    their involvement in many important bodily processes, alcohol, has the
    potential to influence and/or compromise these functions of the kidneys
    and thus induces severe consequences for the functioning of the
    organism.
   Heart: it is clear that of all the systems in the body the
    cardiovascular system is the one where ethanol may have both positive
    and negative effects.
                      QUESTIONS AND
                        ANSWERS
 What are the short-run and long-run effects on the organism?
  The immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech,
  disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting.
  Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when
  combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as
  the brain and liver. Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction
  (alcoholism). Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to
  produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and
  convulsions.

   Does it affect everybody the same way?
    The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person's
    size, weight, age, and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed.

 How many degrees can men / women drive with?
  In Romania, you are forbidden to drink and drive.

 Is it the same amount everywhere?
  No, there are countries where you may drink and drive, but in very small amounts.

				
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posted:11/1/2011
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