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Roots by yaosaigeng

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 35

									Roots

1. Root word: liter = letter
         literate – able to read and write
         illiterate – can‟t read or write
         literal – real or actual
         obliterate – to erase; to destroy
         alliteration – repeating a letter (consonant)


1. Prefix: Ante, anti = against
            Antiwar – against war
            Antisocial – against socializing
            Antiseptic – free of germs and other contaminants
            Antithesis – direct opposite
            Antibody – working for immune system against infection
            Antichrist – against Christ


1. Suffix: Hood = state or quality
            Childhood – state of being a child
            Neighborhood – state of being with neighbors
            Falsehood – quality of being false
            Brotherhood – sharing a state of being with brothers


Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix anti helps the
reader understand that the word ”antifungal” means
    a. fungi wars
    b. a girl who is not fun
    c. the aunt who is a fun gal
    d. destroying or inhibiting growth of fungi
     2. Root word: greg = group
          congregation – a group of people
          gregarious – out going, social, friendly
          egregious – out of a group, anti-social
          segregate – split into groups
          integrate – mixed groups
          desegregate – stop splitting into groups

     2. Prefix: bene = good, well
           benefactor – a sponsor (usually a good thing)
           benediction – a blessing, prayer
           benign- harmless
           benevolent – kind
           beneficial - good

     2. Suffix: ology = study of
          theology – study of religion
          philology – study of language
          geology – study of rocks
          pathology – study of diseases
          psychology – study of the mind
          meteorology – study of weather
          graphology – study of hand writing
          paleontology – study of fossils


Question: Knowing the meaning of the suffix ology helps the
reader understand that the word “dermatology ” means
  a. skin disease
  b. study of skin
  c. the doctor who studies skin
  d. study of the earth‟s crust
3. Root word cred = believe
          credible – can be believed
          incredible – can‟t be believed
          creed – a set of beliefs
          discredit – show something as false
          accredited – certified, worthwhile


3. Prefix: mor = death
           mortal – can die
           immortal – can not die
           morgue – a room for the dead
           mortuary – funeral home
           mortician – one who prepares the dead
           morbid – diseased; perverse, sick, gross
           mortify – killed ego; humiliate
           moribund – dying out, approaching death


3. Suffix: port = carry
            export – to ship out of a country (product)
            deport – to ship out of a country (person)
            comport – to agree, coordinate
            import – to bring into a country (product)




Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word cred helps
the reader understand that the word “credo ” means
        A set of beliefs
        A new men‟s swimsuit
        A promise
        The study of the earth‟s crust
4. Root Word: theo = god
          theology – study of religion(s)
          theocracy – government centered around religion
          monotheism – belief in one god
          atheism – belief in no god


4. Prefix: trans = across
             transact – to carry out business
             transaction – a deal
             transgression – breaking a law
             transcendental – supernatural, not limited
             transient – nomadic, always on the move
                       - person who always moves, hobo
             transcript – official student record


4. Suffix: ling = small
              duckling – small duck
              sapling – small tree
              inkling – small idea, hint
              princeling – small country‟s ruler (crowned)
              nestling – small bird still in nest
              fledgling – small bird learning to fly
              underling – a subordinate, one who is below



Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word theo helps
the reader understand that the word “polytheism” means
   a. a god called polly
   b. belief in many gods
   c. many religions
   d. an exotic bird
5. Root word: phil = to love
          Philadelphia – city of brotherly love
          philander – to flirt
          philatelist – stamp collector
          philologist – loves languages and literature
          philanthropist – loves his fellow man
          bibliophile – loves books
          hemophiliac – a bleeder
          pedophile – loves children (inappropriately)
          necrophilia – loves dead people

5. Prefix: omni = all
            omnipotent – all powerful
            omniscient – all knowing
            omnivorous – eats all (meats and vegetables)
            omnipresent – all places; everywhere

5. Suffix: ist = one who does
          alarmist – one who worries or panics easily
          terrorist – one who uses fear as a weapon
          pacifist – one who won‟t fight, favors peace
          pessimist – one who thinks negatively
          optimist – one who thinks positively
          protagonist – one who is on the side you favor
          antagonist – one who is on the side you don‟t favor



Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix omni helps the
reader understand that the word “omnifarious” means
  a. All forms, variety or kinds
  b. A way fairs are alike
  c. Very mean and not to be trusted
  d. An all knowing farious
6. Root word: soph = wise
          sophic – wise, intellectual
          sophistry – clever but illogical reasoning
          philosopher – one who loves to think
          sophomore – a 2nd year person; a wise moron
          sophomoric – immature; foolish


6. Prefix: counter = against, opposite
          counterargument – contrasting or opposing an
          argument
          counteract - to act in opposition to; frustrate by
          contrary action.
          counterbalance - to act against or oppose with an
          equal weight, force, or influence; offset.
          counterproductive - tending to get in the way of the
          achievement of a goal


6. Suffix: tain, tent, tin, = hold, keep, have
             retain – to keep possession of.
             continue – to keep on, as in some course or action
             content – something that is contained
             contain - to hold or include within its volume or area



Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word –soph helps
the reader understand that the word “sophomoric” means
      a. behavior that is immature or foolish
      b. acting in a manner that is irritating and annoying
      c. something that could be considered natural and
      appropriate in grade school or middle school – but not
      high school
      d. all of the above
7. Root word: ante = before
          ante – chip in money
          anterior – front
          antedate – to assign a later date
          anteroom – a room at the front
          antebellum – before the Civil war
          antenna – feeler on a bug


7. Prefix: mono = one
           monotheism – a belief in one god
           monologue – a speech made by one
           monotone – a voice with only one pitch
           monotonous – boring, repetitious
           monogamy – having one spouse


 7. Suffix: phobia = fear of, not logical
            acrophobia – fear of heights
            claustrophobia – fear of small areas
            agoraphobia – fear of wide open spaces
            monophobia – fear of being alone
            gephyrophobia – fear of bridges
            pyrophobia – fear of fire
            gymnophobia – fear of being naked




Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix mono helps the
reader understand that the word “monocle” means
    a. One oracle
    b. An eye glass for one eye
    c. One path
    d. Made of only one type
8. Root word: lic = to permit
          license – a permit
          licit – legal and moral
          illicit – illegal and immoral
          licentious – allow everything, loose morals
          solicit – to ask or to beg


8. Prefix: graph = to write
            graphology – study of handwriting
            orthography – correct handwriting
            calligraphy – beautiful handwriting
            agraphia – can not write (legibly)
            graphite – lead in a pencil
            graffiti – writing on a wall, bathroom stall and the like


8. Suffix: ure = an act or result, result of the act of
             composure – a calm or tranquil state of mind
             legislature – a body of persons with the power to
                    enact laws
             literature – writing as in poetry, novels, history,
                    biography, and essays.
             rupture – the process or act of breaking open
             structure – the result of building, a building



Question: Knowing the meaning of the suffix –ure helps the
reader understand that the word “legislature” means
        a. legislates before
        b. incorrectly legislates
        c. a body that legislates
        d. legislates from a distance
9. Root word: astro = star
          astronomy – scientific study of stars
          astrology – study of stars and their effect on us
          asterisk – small star in note taking
          astronomical – stellar experience
          disaster – a terrible event, a bad star



9. Prefix: eu = pleasant
            eulogy – a speech made at one‟s funeral
            euphoria – very pleasant state or feeling
            euphony – a pleasant sound
            eureka – shout of surprise!
            euphemism – pleasant way of saying something
            euthanasia – mercy killing



9. Suffix: ic = relating to
             historic – relating to history
             poetic – relating to poetry
             artistic – relating to art
             hysteric – relating to hysteria



Question: Knowing the meaning of the suffix –ic helps the
reader understand that the word “philosophic” means
    a. against philosophy
    b. relating to philosophy
    c. lacking in philosophy
    d. beyond philosophy
10. Root Word: poly = many
          polytheism – many gods
          polygamy – has many wives, husbands or mates at a
          time
          polyglot – speaks many languages
          polymorphic – has many forms
          polydactyl – a number with many digits
          polysyllabic – many syllables


10. Prefix: hyper = excessive, beyond
        hyperactive – fidgety, very active
        hyperkinetic - excessive activity, extreme restlessness
        hypercritical – very picky or critical
        hyperventilate – excessive breathing, breathing rapidly



10. Suffix: able, ible = capable of
         portable- able to be carried,
         legible - able to be read
         reliable – able to be relied upon
         edible – able to be eaten
         washable – able to be washed



Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix –hyper helps the
reader understand that the word “hyperbole” means
    a. a really strong bole
    b. obvious and intentional exaggeration
    c. throwing a bole away - strongly
    d. bowling really, really well
11. Root Word: post= after
        posterior – the back of something
        postnatal – after birth
        postmortem – operation after death
        posthumous – after one‟s death and burial
        p.m. – post meridian; after noon
        post script – after letter is done, afterthought



11. Prefix: anni or enni = year
       per annum – annual salary
       perennial – year after year
       annual – once a year
       biannual – twice a year
       biennial – every two years
       annuity – a yearly allowance
       A.D. – anni domini – year of our Lord


11. Suffix: ify = to make
         terrify - to fill with terror or alarm; make greatly afraid
         falsify - to make false or incorrect
         intensify - to make more acute; strengthen or sharpen
         purify- to become pure
         simplify -make plainer or easier
         clarify- to make (an idea, statement, etc.) clear



Question: Knowing the meaning of the suffix –ify helps the
reader understand that the word “petrify” means
    a. to put something in a Petri dish
    b. to make rigid or inert; harden; deaden
    c. when a home receives a new pet
    d. substance that fills a car at a gas station
12. Root Word: ambi = both
        ambiguous - not clear; has at least two meanings
        ambivalent – neutral feeling, both attracted and
        repelled
        ambidextrous – uses both left and right hands
        amphibian – lives on both land and water
        amphora – two handled jar



12 .Prefix: para = along side of
         parallel – along side of
         paramount – supreme, excellent
         parasite – one who lives off of another
         paramour – one who is involved in adultery
         paradox – a statement that contradicts itself, but is true
         paragon, a model of excellence
         parable – a story that teaches a lesson


12. Suffix: sect = to cut
          dissect - to cut apart (an animal body, plant, etc.)
          transect - to cut across
          intersect - to cut or divide by passing through or across
          section - a part that is cut off or separated.



Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix –para helps the
reader understand that the word “paraphrase” means
    a. to write next to the actual paragraph
    b. to summarize
    c. to annotate
    d. a couple (pair) of phrases
13. Root Word: syn = same as
        synonym – words with the same meaning
        synopsis – a paraphrase, summary
        synchronize – coordination in time
        syndactyl – web-footed


13. Prefix: trans = across
            transport – to carry across or away
            transpose – to change the order of things
            transform – to change in form
            transverse – to cross; to lay across


13. Suffix: cede, ceed, = to go, to yield
          succeed – to have the desired result
          proceed - to carry on, go or continue any action or
          process.
          precede - to go before, as in place, order, rank,
          importance, or time
          recede -to go or move away
          secede - to withdraw formally from membership in an
          organization, association, or alliance
          exceed - to go beyond



Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word –syn helps
the reader understand that the word “synthetic” means
      a. plastic
      b. same as the tic
      c. fake or artificial
      d. to find or lose
14. Root word: voc = to call
        vocal – spoken; out spoken
        vociferous – talkative; gabby
        vocation – career; “a calling”
        avocation – hobby
        invocation – prayer at the beginning
        provocative – stimulating, interesting



14. Prefix: dys – bad, abnormal, difficult
            dysfunctional – abnormal or impaired function
            dyslexia – difficulty in processing written language
            dysgraphia – inability to write correctly because of
                  brain dysfunction
            dysentery: an intestinal disorder



14. Suffix: scrib, script, = to write
             inscription - a historical, religious, or other record cut,
             impressed, painted, or written on stone, brick, metal,
             or other hard surface.
             prescribe - to lay down, in writing or otherwise,
             proscribe - to denounce or condemn (a thing) in
             writing as dangerous or harmful
             Manuscript - writing, as distinguished from print



Question: Knowing the meaning of the suffix word –script helps
the reader understand that the word “scribble” means
      a. a word game
      b. graffiti
      c. to color out of the lines
      d. to write hastily or carelessly
15. Root word: leg = law
        legal- lawful
        legitimate – recognized by law
        illegitimate – not recognized by law
        legacy – an inheritance
        relegate – to assign a job (task)-
        delegate – to assign a job (responsibility)



15. Prefix: bi = two
             biannual – twice in a year (every 6 months)
             biennial – every 2nd year
             bicycle – cycle with two wheels
             bipartisan – made up of both parties
             bilingual – speaks two languages



15. Suffix: vert = to turn
         invert – turn upside down
         divert – to turn away
         convert – to change (beliefs)
         pervert – corrupt or distorted




Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix –bi helps the
reader understand that the word “bifocals” means
    a. focusing on two things at once
    b. glasses with two prescriptions
    c. two voices singing
    d. every 2nd year
16. Root word: soph = wise
          sophic – wise, intellectual
          sophistry – clever but illogical reasoning
          philosopher – one who loves to think
          sophomore – a 2nd year person; a wise moron
          sophomoric – immature; foolish


16. Prefix: counter = against, opposite
         counterargument – contrasting or opposing an
         argument
         counteract - to act in opposition to; frustrate by
         contrary action.
         Counterbalance - to act against or oppose with an
         equal weight, force, or influence; offset.
         Counterproductive - tending to get in the way of the
         achievement of a goal


16. Suffix: tain, tent, tin, = hold, keep, have
             retain – to keep possession of.
             continue – to keep on, as in some course or action
             content – something that is contained
             contain - to hold or include within its volume or area



Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word –soph helps
the reader understand that the word “sophomoric” means
      a. behavior that is immature or foolish
      b. acting in a manner that is irritating and annoying
      c. something that could be considered natural and
      appropriate in grade school or middle school – but not
      high school
      d. all of the above
17. Root word: nat = birth
          postnatal – after birth
          prenatal – before birth
          natal – related to birth
          innate – natural, in-born
          neonate – new born

17. Prefix: micro = small
         microphone – a small instrument that aids sounds to be
         amplified
         microscope - makes smaller objects appear larger
         microburst - a localized downburst. (small tornado)
         micromanage - to manage or control with too much
         attention to minor details

17. Suffix: cide = to kill
             infanticide – to kill one‟s child
             regicide – to kill a king
             homicide – to kill a person
             suicide - to kill oneself
             matricide – to kill one‟s mother
             patricide – to kill one‟s father
             genocide – to kill a race
             insecticide – to kill bugs
             pesticide – to kill rats or rodents
             herbicide – to kill weeds

Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word –cide helps
the reader understand that the word “fratricide” means
      a. to kill a person
      b. to kill one‟s brother
      c. to kill bugs
      d. to kill one‟s sister
18. Root word: pend – hang
          pendant – jewelry that hangs from the neck
          pending – not yet decided
          impending – about to happen
          appendage – an addition (limb, tail)
          appendix – an addition in a book


18. Prefix: circum = around
         circumnavigate - to sail or fly around
         circumstance - a determining or modifying factor; conditions
        surrounding
        circumference - the outer boundary, esp. of a circular area
        circumvent - to go around or bypass
        circumscribe - to draw a line around; encircle




18. Suffix: duct/duce = to lead
             induct – to enroll; enlist
             induce – to lead or move by persuasion
             deduct – subtract
             deduce – figure out by logic or reason
             abduct – seize; kidnap




Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix word –circum
helps the reader understand that the word “circulatory” means
     a. generally occurs in a circus
     b. bending or winding upward
     c. to move in a circle or circuit
     d. blood and veins in a body
19. Root word: uni = one
          unison – as one, together
          unique – one of a kind
          unidextral – either left or right handed
          unilateral - one sided
          unanimous – agreed by all
          unicorn – horse with one horn extending from its
          forehead

19. Prefix: acro = high, tip, top
             acrobat- tightrope walker
             acrophobia - a fear of heights.
             acronym - a word formed from the initial letters, as WAC for
             Women's Army Corps, WOD for Word of the Day, Ticket Out
             the Door
             acrostic –a series of lines in which the first in each line form a
             name, motto or message read in sequence
R – ravishing I – intelligent V – vivacious E – energetic R – real S-superb

19. Suffix: cede; ceed = to go
            concede – to admit; acknowledge
            recede – to go backwards
            precede – go or come first
            proceed – to go forward
            secede – to leave; break off
            exceed – to go beyond

Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word –uni helps
the reader understand that the word “unicycle” means
      a. one bicycle
      b. one-wheeled cycle
      c. one-eyed monster
      d. one time around
20. Root word: gnos = to know
     agnostic – a person who denies or doubts in some area of
     study.
     prognosticate – to know ahead of time; predict
     prognosis – a prediction
     diagnosis – to know through symptoms
     cognition – knowledge, learning
     recognize – to know again


20. Prefix: pseudo = pretended; false; sham.
      pseudonym - a fictitious name used by an author to
      conceal his or her identity; pen name..
      pseudomorph - A false, deceptive, or irregular form
      pseudoscience - A theory, methodology, or practice that
      is considered to be without scientific foundation
      pseudosuit - A suit wannabee; a hacker who has decided
      that he wants to be in management or administration and
      begins wearing ties, sport coats, and (shudder!) suits
      voluntarily


20. Suffix: cian = one who does
         patrician – an aristocrat; upperclass
         statistician – one who does statistics
         pediatrician – one who doctors children
         obstetrician – one who delivers babies



Question: Knowing the meaning of the suffix –cian helps the
reader understand that the word “mortician” means
    a. to kill a person
    b. one who dies
    c. one whose business is the management of funerals
    d. one who is a mortified person
21.Root word: hab = to live
          habit – constant continual behavior
          habitual – constant
          cohabitate – to live together
          habitable – can be lived in
          inhabitable – can be lived in
          uninhabitable – can not be lived in.


21. Prefix: inter = between
             interstate – between states
             intermittent – off and on
             intervene – to come between two parties (to butt in)
             intercede – to come between two parties (invited in)
             interlude – time between two periods (half time)



21. Suffix: clud; clus = to shut; close
             recluse – solitary, shut off from society
             inclusive – doesn‟t discriminate; includes all
             exclusive – limited to some; discriminate
             occlude – to shut or to block vision
             preclude – to prevent


Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – hab helps
the reader understand that the word “habitat” means
      a. environment
      b. type of habit
      c. where the habit is
      d. house
     22. Root word: sub = under
          subdue – conquer; under new rule
          subdued – quiet; defeated
          subvert – to overthrow in underhanded manner
           (government)
           subversive – revolutionary (under the radar)
           subsidize – to pay – with government or public money



     22. Prefix: intra, intro = within
          intrastate – within the state
          intramural – within the walls of a building
          intravenous – within the veins
          introvert – one who is withdrawn, shy, lonely
          introspect – one who meditates or ponders on things within
           oneself




     22. Suffix: put = to think
          compute – to figure out
          dispute – to quarrel
          repute – (n.) opinion (v.) considered
          reputable – well thought of
          disreputable – poorly thought of



Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – sub helps
the reader understand that the word “subpoena” means:
     a. under peonies
     b. an order to appear in court (under penalty)
     c. under all
     d. under handed
 23. Root word: ana = backwards
          analogy – an extended comparison
          anadipsia – excessive thirst
          anagram – a word made by scrambling letters
          anachronism – something is in the wrong time period



23. Prefix: mat = to mother
            matricide – to kill one‟s mother
            maternity – motherhood
            matriarch – a woman who heads a family/country
            matron – a woman who is in charge (school)
            alma mater – “other mother” ; school graduated
            from



23. Suffix: flict = strike
             affliction - a state of pain, distress, or grief; misery
             conflict - to fight or contest; do battle
             inflict - to deal or deliver, as a blow




Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix –mat helps the
reader understand that the word “maternal” means
    a. to kill a mother
    b. motherly
    c. mattress
    d. matching material
24. Root word: path = feeling
     sympathy – sharing someone‟s sorrow
     empathy – sharing all of ones feelings
     apathy – lack of care or feeling
     pathetic – creates pity or sorrow
     psychopath – one who is mentally or emotionally ill



24. Prefix: mal = bad
     malpractice – professional wrong doing; error
     malady – illness; sickness
     malign – to slander
     malicious – intended to harm
     malignant – harmful
     malapropism – humorous miss use of a word
     malediction – a curse



24. Suffix: ism = doctrine, belief, action or conduct
      Judaism – a person of Jewish belief
      Racism – the belief that one race is superior than another
      Sexism - the belief that one sex is superior to another
      Communism - a belief based on the holding of all
              property in common
      Cynicism - cynical disposition, character, or belief



Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – path helps
the reader understand that the word “pathos” means
      a. the way to go
      b. great suffering
      c. mentally ill
      d. very tired
25. Root word: pre = before
     prelude – music or chapter before the song or story begins
     precursor – a forerunner; an original model before
     production
     precedent – something similar that happened before
     prerequisite – something needed before
     prevent – action taken before



25. Prefix: ali = other
             alien – an outsider
             alias – assumed name
             alter – to change
             altercation = a quarrel
             alter ego – other self; a best friend



25. Prefix: super = above; beyond
             supernatural – mysterious, beyond natural
             supervisor – over seer, boss
             superlative – the most, “est”
             superfluous – not necessary, not vital



Question: Knowing the meaning of the prefix – ali– helps the
reader understand that the word “alibi” means
     a. other story
     b. to stand by Ali
     c. an excuse for being in another place
     d. other wise known as
  26. Root word: mis = wrong, hatred of
            miscarriage – a failure
            misconstrue – to interpret wrong
            misnomer – a wrong name for something
            misdemeanor – a petty crime (still wrong)
            mischievous – causing trouble
            misanthrope – hates people
            misogyny – hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women

  26. Prefix: chron = time
               chronic – constant, time after time
               chronicle – a history; a record of past times
               chronological – according to time or age
               chronometer – an accurate clock
                (especially used in navigation)

***New Section***
   Idioms - an idiom is a phrase or group of words that make our language
   more colorful
   Read each pair of sentences. Put an “x” in front of the idiom.

  26.   ___ a. Mrs. Barber is a very kind person.
        ___ b. Mrs. Barber has a heart of gold.
        ___ a. Michael tells stories that are not true.
        ___ b. Michael is full of baloney.
        ___ a. Those girls are like two peas in a pod.
        ___ b. Those girls are alike in many ways.
        ___ a. Tina is a bad egg.
        ___ b. Tina is not a good person to be around.


  Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – mis helps
  the reader understand that the word “misconception” means:
        a. taking a wrong turn
        b. a failed pregnancy
        c. the wrong idea of something
        d. mistake
  27. Root word: temp = to heat
             tempered – to harden by heat
             tempest – a storm
             tempestuous – stormy; violent
             temperament – mood (usually)


  27. Prefix: dict = to speak
                diction – ability to speak clearly
                dictum – a law you don‟t question
                indict – to formally charge with a crime
                indicative – point out, reflects


***New Section***
Idioms - an idiom is a phrase or group of words that make our
language more colorful

  27.   a. Angel was jealous of Tay‟s new dress.
        b. Angel was green with envy over Tay‟s new dress

        a. I am nuts about you.
        b. I really like you a lot.

        a. Jeremy really likes to show off.
        b. Jeremy is a real ham.

        a. Brad has a frog in his throat.
        b. Brad‟s voice sounds really strange.

        a. The news got around really quickly.
        b. The news spread like wildfire.


  Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – temp helps the
  reader understand that the word “temperature” means:
       a. heating of the atmosphere
       b. a measure of the warmth or coldness of an object
       c. a stormy violent storm
       d. cooling of the atmosphere
  28. Root word: pro = for; before
              prodigy – one who shows great talent early
              prodigal – wasteful
              profane – vulgar; irreverent
              profound – deep; significant
              protrusion – sticks out in front
              promiscuous – casual, indiscriminate
                                   (usually in regards to sex)
              procrastinate – postpone; delay


  28. Root word: vis = to see
             vista – a distant, far–off view
             visa – a permit to see or visit a country
             vis-à-vis – eye to eye


***New Section***
Idioms - an idiom is a phrase or group of words that make our language
more colorful

  28.   a. Alex was up to his ears in homework.
        b. Alex has a lot of homework to do.

        a. Mr. Wenciker greeted us with open arms.
        b. Mr. Wenciker greets us in a friendly way.

        a. Cole thinks his teacher seems to know what‟s going on behind
           her.
        b. Cole thinks his teacher has eyes in the back of her head.

        a. Once you turn on Hardy, just follow your nose to my house.
        b. Once you turn on Hardy, just go straight up the road to my
           house.

  Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – vis helps
     the reader understand that the word “visage” means:
       a. to see far away
       b. the look on your face most of the time
       c. to be able to tell another‟s age
       d. to be able to see into the future
  29. Root word: fac = to make
            manufacture – to make by hand
            facilitate – to make easier
            faculties – ability; powers

  29. Prefix: corp = body
               corpse – a dead body
               corps – a team; a group
               corporal – physical


Idioms - an idiom is a phrase or group of words that make our
language more colorful

  29.   a. Mrs. Coulter asked Blair to keep an eye on the stove
        b. Mrs. Coulter asked Blair if she would watch something
           that was cooking on the stove.

        a. Sally Sue is very thin because she doesn‟t eat very
           much.
        b. Sally Sue is very thin because she eats like a bird.

        a. Michael would do much better if he would use his
           head.
        b. Michael would do much better if he would think more
           carefully.

        a. At the pep rally, we were packed in like sardines
        b. At the pep rally, we were all very crowded.

  Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – fac helps
  the reader understand that the word “facsimile” means
        a. a copy, fake; a reproduction
        b. a fake smile
        c. a similar class to family and consumer science
        d. a fake simile – a comparison
  30. Root word: epi = upon
       epitaph – inscription on a tombstone
       epigram – a short witty statement
       epoch – a time period; era
       epic – a long poem, story (once upon a time)

  30. Prefix: pat = father
              paternity – fatherhood
              paternal – fatherly
              patriarch – a man who heads a family
              expatriate – one who leaves his country

Idioms

  30.    a. Joey is a real card shark.
         b. Joey is a very good card player.

         a. Emily is a very nice person.
         b. Emily is a real peach.

         a. When Jesse tells a story, it doesn‟t sound very true
         b. When Jesse tells a story, it sounds very fishy.

         a. Friday it was raining cats and dogs.
         b. Friday it was raining really hard.


  30. Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – epi
  helps the reader understand that the word “epithet ” means:
     a. a name on a gravestone
     b. a really bad word that will get you in trouble
     c. a descriptive nickname or title put upon (or given) to a
        person
     d. Once upon a time
  31. Root word: vest - to clothe
            vestibule – a hat or coat room
            vestry – a dressing room
            vestments – official clothes
            travesty – a parody/ a take-off; a ridiculous costume
            vestige – a trace

  31. Prefix: grat = thanks
               gratify – to please
               gratitude – thanks
               gratuity – a tip
               ingrate – one who doesn‟t appreciate
              gratis – for free
              gratuitous – not deserved; uncalled for

Idioms

  31.    a. MacKenzie wants to thumb a ride to Amy‟s house.
         b. Mackenzie wants to have someone give her a ride to
            Amy‟s house.

         a. Everything Ms. Rivers tells Joe goes in one ear and
            out the other.
         b. Everything Ms. Rivers tells Joe he ignores.

         a. All Ashton wants to do is monkey around.
         b. All Ashton wants to do is to play.

         a. Kara accidentally let the cat out of the bag.
         b. Kara accidentally told the secret.


  Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – vest helps
  the reader understand that the word “divest” means:
        a. throw away or strip off clothing
        b. to strip of office or throw out of office
        c. aspiring actress or singer
        d. a dress that looks like a vest
  32. Root word: ir = not
           irreparable – can‟t be fixed
           irrelevant - not important
           irrefutable – can not be questioned
           irreverent – disrespectful

  32. Prefix: temp = time
             tempo – the beat; rhythm
             temporal – limited by time
             temporary – for the time being
             pro tem – substitute
             contemporary – (n.) people alive at the same time
                               (adj.) new or modern

Idioms
     a. Krystal was so scared, she was shaking in her boots.
     b. Krystal was so scared, she was trembling.

     a. Rose knew that if she was late again, she would be in hot
     water
     b. Rose knew that if she was late again, she would be in
     trouble.

     a. Rizzloe lost his temper and flew off the handle.
     b. Rizzloe lost his temper and yelled.

     a. When Romeo received an „A‟ for his report, he was walking
     on air.
     b. When Romeo received an „A‟ for his report, he was very,
     very happy.

Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – ir helps the
reader understand that the word “irreconcilable ” means:
     a. of no regard
     b. cannot be worked out
     c. not important
     d. cannot be questioned
     33. Root words: im = not
               impeccable – perfect, flawless
               impediment – a handicap, an obstacle
               impregnable – can‟t be conquered or entered
               impartial – fair, unbiased

     33. Root word: il, al = not
              ill-fated – poorly designed
              ill-bred – rude, impolite
              illegible – sloppy, unable to be read
              illusion – mirage (not reality)
              illusive – distorted; deceptive
              allusion – reference to someone/thing we should know
                                               (not the whole story)

Idioms
a.    Brock looked pained, so Ms. Rivers asked if he had a hitch in his
      giddy-up.
b.    Brock looked pained, so Ms. Rivers asked if he was not feeling well.

a.      Michael was considered a bad apple, so Hope could not hang out
        with him.
b.      Michael was considered a bad influence, so Hope could not hang
        out with him.

a.      When Alex talked about his favorite candy, it opened a can of
        worms because everyone was hungry.
b.      When Alex talked about his favorite candy, it created serious
        problems because everyone was hungry.

a.      Raven found out that boyfriends are a dime a dozen.
b.      Raven found out that boyfriends are extremely common.


Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – im helps the reader
understand that the word “impotent” means:
      a. perfect, flawless
      b. fair, unbiased
      c. powerless, cannot perform
      d. in a pot for a while (soup)
34. Root word: dia = through
            diagonal - extending from one edge of a solid figure to an
            opposite edge, as a plane.
            diameter-the width of a circular or cylindrical object
            diacritical – distinguishing pronunciation
            dialect – a variation of a language
            diatribe – a harsh verbal attack
            dialogue – a conversation between at least two people

34. Root word: in= not
           indefatigable – doesn‟t tire; energetic
           indispensable – vital; can‟t be spared
           inexplicable – can‟t be explained
           infamous – famous for a bad reason
           incessant – never stops
           inadvertent – accidental
           inclement – unpleasant
           inanimate – lifeless

Idioms
a.    You can lead a horse to water, but you can‟t make him drink.
b.    You can show someone the right answer, but you can‟t make them
      do the right thing.

a.    William, don‟t take any wooden nickels.
b.    William, don‟t let anyone one trick you

a.    Carley is more nervous than a long tailed cat in a room full of
      rocking chairs.
b.    Carley is very anxious.

a.    Gatsby‟s desire to be accepted by the “old money” society was a
      pipe dream.
b.    Gatsby‟s desire to be accepted by the “old money” society was an
      impossible dream.


Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – in helps the reader
understand that the word “incapacitated” means:
      a. restricted
      b. capable
      c. taking someone‟s head off
      d. in a capacity
35.Root word: ab = away from
          abhor – to hate
          abstain – to avoid, to do without
          absolve – forgive, pardon (I give)
          absolution – pardon, forgiveness ( I receive)

35. Root word: ad = to; toward
          adept – (adj.) skilled, proficient
          adapt – to change, to adjust
          adopt – to take in as your own
          adherent – sticking to (idea, advice)
          adjacent – next to
          adversity – luck; fate
          admonish – to warn
          ad infinitum – forever

Idioms
a.   Autumn had a leg up on the other applicants.
b.   Autumn had a better chance/more experience than the other
applicants

a.   Autumn was head over heels in love.
b.   Autumn had fallen deeply in love.

a.   The abortion issue is a political hot potato, Autumn said
b.   The abortion issue is a dangerous political topic, Autumn said

a.   Autumn has a cast-iron stomach.
b.   Autumn can eat just about anything.


Question: Knowing the meaning of the root word – ad - helps
the reader understand that the word “advocate” means:
      a. an advertisement for a vocation
      b. to support; favor
      c. go toward your future
      d. a forward looking person

								
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