Prince Edward County Middle School

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					                                                                                                                January 31
Prince Edward County Middle School
35 Eagle Drive
Farmville VA, 23901
1 434-325-2130
January 31, 2011

Attention Parents/Guardians,

My name is Ms. Potter and I am your child’s English Teacher at Prince Edward County Middle School. As we begin to
approach the Writing Sol in March of this year, I would like to ask for your assistance in helping your son or daughter
complete homework assignments directly related to his/her ability to pass the test. I believe that the more we all work
together, the better the results will be. Your child will have a homework packet, and is to complete one page per night.
The pages are marked with the corresponding dates, just in case your son/daughter forgets which page is due for the
following day. The purpose of this writing packet is to allow students out of class time to review classroom material and
practice content questions. Your child will receive a grade at the end of every week for their progress on this packet.
Furthermore, this is a great opportunity for students to raise their grades, as it will be worth many points throughout the
course of the next six weeks.

Please aid me in making sure your son/daughter is working on this packet at home. The more practice your child gets,
the better he/she will do on the Writing SOL.

Thank you and I know if we work together, we will have great success!
Sincerely,

Ms. Potter
8th grade ELA
kacey.potter@pecps.k12.va.us

Your child’s first grade on this packet is getting this letter signed by you. Please sign below to indicate that you have
seen this letter and are aware of the homework packet.

I ___________________________________, parent/guardian of ______________________________

have been notified of the English homework packet.
                                                                                                          February 1
Writing a paper- Brainstorming and Drafting
What is the purpose of an introduction? ____________________________________________________
What is the purpose of a topic sentence? ___________________________________________________
What is the purpose of a body paragraph? __________________________________________________
What is the purpose of the conclusion? _____________________________________________________

How many sentences are in an introduction paragraph? ___________________
How many sentences should be in each body paragraph? ___________________
How many sentences should be in a conclusion paragraph? ______________________
Let’s write a quick rough draft:
                What would you do if you were the teacher and everyone forgot his homework?
                                                           Introduction:
Topic sentence: If I were a teacher and everyone forgot his homework I would have many reactions.
First,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Next,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Finally,______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Closure: Those are the things I would do if I were an exhausted teacher and everyone forgot his or her homework.

                                                         Body paragraph 1
 Topic Sentence (first reason from intro): __________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 Detail 1: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 2: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Closing sentence: ____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         Body paragraph 2
Topic Sentence (second reason from intro):________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 1: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 2: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Closing sentence: ____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         Body paragraph 3
Topic Sentence (third reason from intro): __________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 Detail 1: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 2: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Closing sentence: ____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                         Closing paragraph
Topic sentence: Now you know what I would do If I were a teacher and everyone forgot his homework.
First,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Next,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Finally,______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Closure: Those are the things I would do if I were an exhausted teacher and everyone forgot his or her homework.
                                                                          February 2
                Complete this chart for the paper you wrote last night:
Paragraph 1
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 2
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 3
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 4
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 5
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions


According to the chart what will you have to change about your paper?
_______________________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
                                                                                                            February 3
Editing and Publishing
You need to take your paper and edit it. This means, you need to look for spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and
grammar errors. Additionally, you need to see where you can add more details and information. Use your chart from
last night to see if you have enough sentence variety, adjectives, and transitions. Write your final copy below, and be
sure to indent to show me where each new paragraph goes. (You do NOT have to skip lines this time)
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                                                                                                            February 4
Combining Sentences
Remember, when you combine sentences together you need to use a comma and a conjunction, or a semicolon.
Sometimes, you may need to add transition words in the sentence for it to make sense. Practice combining the
following sentences together.

1. Hartford is the capital of Connecticut. It is the second largest city in the state.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
2. Hartford was once known as an industrial center. It was the home of several manufacturers. They made firearms,
typewriters, bicycles, and even cars.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
3. Manufacturers once took advantage of Hartford's access to the Connecticut River. They also enjoyed Hartford's well-
educated workforce.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
4. Some of these factories have been torn down. Some of them have been converted to artists' studios.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

When combining sentences, what do you insert whenever you take a pause in speech? ______________
What comes after a transition word, or before a conjunction?___________________________________
What punctuation do you use when listing things? ____________________________________________
(See a pattern here?)

(14)She told Julia how proud she would be of her.
(15)She would be proud to see her standing up on thestage reading her poem.

What is the best way to combine sentences 14 and 15 without changing their meaning?
        A She told Julia how proud to see her she was standing up on the stage, reading her poem.
        B She told Julia how proud she would be she would be proud to see her standing up on the stage reading her poem.
        C She told Julia how proud she would be standing up on the stage and seeing her reading her poem.
        D She told Julia how proud she would be to see her standing up on the stage, reading her poem.

(2)She did not like them.
(3)Hospitals were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.

How can Casey best combine sentences 2 and 3 into one sentence without changing their meaning?
       A She did not like hospitals, hospitals were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.
       B She did not like hospitals because they were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.
       C She did not like hospitals, and they were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.
       D She did not like hospitals hospitals were always so cold, everything in them was sowhite.

(13)He was a trained high school English teacher.
(14)He was not able to find a job.

How can Ellie best combine sentences 13 and 14 without changing their meaning?
       A King got trained as a high school English teacher while he still could not find a job.
       B Even though he was a trained high school English teacher, he was unable to find a job.
       C Though he was not able to find a trained job, King was a high school English teacher.
       D King was not able to find a job because he was a trained high school English teacher.
                                                                                                              February 7
Commas are our friend!!
Okay, commas make up at least 5 questions on the SOL every year, so this is one thing we need to get straight. List
below at least 5 times you know you need to use commas (you may use your notes).
1._________________________________________________________________________________________________
2._________________________________________________________________________________________________
3._________________________________________________________________________________________________
4._________________________________________________________________________________________________
5.________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Let’s start out with adding a few commas in the following sentences.
1. After the ball game let’s go and get some dinner.
2. Miranda Tom and Joe are playing ball later.
3. If you don’t finish your dinner you won’t be going out later.
4. Owen said “meet me at the park later.”
5. While my mom was cooking dinner I did homework.
6. I was going to go to the store but I hung out with Katie instead.
I’m sure you noticed that you put in commas when you were listing things, after transition words or phrases, whenever
you took a pause in speech, before quotation marks, and before a conjunction.
Let’s have some more practice.
7. I like red green blue yellow and orange.
8. If we go to the theme park I hope it doesn’t rain.
9. “wait for me” said Jake.
10. My dentist Dr. Jones is in that new building.
11. “I don’t care anymore” Sheila said.
12. Furthermore I have to go to school tomorrow.
13. When I was at the store the one next to Walmart I saw my friend’s dog.
14. If I saved my allowance for a month I could buy a bike.
15. I need a large bowl some measuring cups and a spoon.

A little bit more:
    1. Maya her brother and their belongings were shipped to their grandmother who would raise the children and who
       would give them security they did not have with their fighting bickering parents.
    2. Maya and her brother came from Long Beach California to Stamps Arkansas.
    3. Momma as Maya soon came to call her grandmother had a store supplying the African Americans in the town and
       as well she had a stand selling lemonade and meat pies to the men in the lumberyard.
    4. Growing learning and working in the South a place of segregation was not easy for Maya and her brother.
    5. Maya might have said to her grandmother "Why may I not straighten my hair making me look like the rich girls?"
    6. Napoleon Bonaparte was a general a political leader and an emperor in France in the late eighteenth and
       nineteenth centuries.
    7. By the end of the French Revolution Bonaparte was a general in the army and he crowned himself emperor in
       1804.
    8. Though he conquered most of Europe during his reign he lost two-thirds of his army in a failed attempt to defeat
       Russia and he returned home from that campaign in shame.
Write two original sentences below. Each sentence must contain at least one comma, used correctly.
1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                            February 8
Commas are Never Ending
We need just a little bit more practice. Complete the following sentences, adding commas where necessary.
1. "There are three more cupcakes" the teacher said. "Who wants one more?"
2. "The concept is interesting and well-formed but in order to earn better than a 'C' the idea must be feasible" a Yale
University management professor stated in response to student Fred Smith's paper proposing reliable overnight delivery
service. Smith went on to found Federal Express Corporation.
3. "Whether you think that you can or that you can't you are usually right" stated Henry Ford.
4. After working at the same job for 35 years Mr. Smith was ready to retire.
5. Beyond the forest there is a stream with fresh water.
6. Yes Cameron is the oldest son in his family.
7. Mr. Jackson asked "Where do you want me to put the table?"
8. "This land is your land this land is my land" the children sang.
9. The meal ended with hot apple pie coffee and vanilla ice cream.
10. We took coloring books sharp crayons and many games on vacation.
11. Mom took potato salad fried chicken and lemon pie to the picnic.
12. Well if you must choose the red dress I guess that is all right with me.
13. The snarling angry dog bit at my heels.
14. Until I turn 16 and get my driver's license I will just have to ride in the passenger seat of the car.
15. Sara doesn't like hot weather getting sand in her shoes and swimming in the ocean.
16. Are Japan Russia and Germany part of the same continent?
17. Don't try to play with the dog while he is eating Jason.
18. Nicholas please take these books back to the library for me.
19. Mr. Jackson asked "Where do you want me to put the table?"

Just a few more!
   9. The star was I thought too nervous to perform.
   10. Women who care about their rights are encouraged to join Women Students for Equal Representation.
   11. Miss Johnston is I am sure excellently qualified.
   12. The Browns had lived at 305 May Hill Road Angwin California for many years.
   13. On Wednesday August 19 two police officers came to their door.
   14. A neighbor apparently had reported the Browns to the police because they mistreated their dog.
   15. Their dog was named FeeFee and she weighed about five pounds.
   16. Did the neighbor or anyone else ever see this abuse?
   17. No they never actually saw the Browns mistreating their dog.
   18. The Browns' daughter however had told the neighbors that the dog frequently whimpered and cried and howled.
   19. Would a dog make this kind of noise unless she were mistreated?
   20. When the Browns heard this accusation they were of course quite upset.
   21. My what an embarrassing situation!
   22. They loved FeeFee fed her expensive food bathed her frequently and never hurt her.
   23. What was the cause do you suppose of the complaint?
   24. The dog was very sensitive and a spanking would make her cry.
   25. The slightest push shove or tap would make her whimper.
   26. If Mr. or Mrs. Brown spoke harshly to the dog she would howl sadly.
                                                                                                                          February 9

    Quotation Marks
Quotation marks are used to indicate direct dialogue or conversation between two or more people. There are a few rules
                                                       you must know:
                              1. The first letter inside of the quotation marks is capitalized.
   2. If the quotations are not at the beginning of the sentence, insert a comma before you use the quotation marks.
                              3. The end punctuation is found INSIDE the quotation marks.

Remember these rules, and apply them when you are fixing the following sentences.
1. Lily said let’s go to the park after school.
2. Do you want ice cream asked Peter.
3. I love my new kitten said Tina. He is so playful.
4. I have a lot of homework today said Samantha.
5. I stayed up late, said Charles to finish reading my book.
6. Oh no! The cake is burning yelled Jill’s mom.
7. Is the school play tomorrow? asked Ellie.
Are you remembering to not only insert quotation marks, but commas and capitalizations if you need???
8. Matt said the roller coaster was a lot of fun.
9. Abe asked what’s your brother’s name?
10. You should wear a hat; it’s cold today said Andrew’s dad.

Let’s practice in a different way. Write four original sentences. You must use quotations, commas, and capitalizations
correctly.
1. ___________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Insert quotation marks into this passage!
Tony and Lola were driving home from the movies when they saw a man staggering along the street. I wonder if he’s all right, Tony
said.

Let’s stop and find out, Lola suggested. They caught up to the man, who was leaning against a tree.

Are you OK? Lola asked. Is there anything we can do?

There’s nothing the matter, the man answered. I guess I had a few too many after work. Now I can’t seem to find my front door.

Tony steadied the man and asked, Do you live anywhere near here?

He responded, Yes, if this is Forrest Avenue, I live at 3619.

Tony and Lola walked the man to his door, where he fumbled in his pockets, took out a key, and began to stab wildly with it at the
lock. Let me hold your key and I’ll let you in, Tony offered.

The man refused, saying, Oh, no, I’ll hold the key – you hold the house.
                                                                                                             February 10
Working with Pronouns
Before doing some more practice, let’s take a look at a list of pronouns, so you can become more aware of what words
you can use to replace people’s names:

        HIM             ME                      THEM             MY              THEIRS
        YOUR            HERS                    OUR              HIS             MINE
        IT              YOU                     HE               SHE
        ALL             US                      THEY             WE

Using pronouns allows your writing to be less repetitive. However, you need to make sure you are using the correct
pronouns. Rewrite the following sentences, replacing the character’s names with the correct pronoun(s).

1. Sheila went to the store. ______________________________________________________________
2. Bob ate apple pie. ___________________________________________________________________
3. Sheila and Bob went to the store. _______________________________________________________
4. Sheila and Sandy ate apple pie. _________________________________________________________
5. Tom and his mother left for practice. ____________________________________________________
6. Tom and I left for practice. ____________________________________________________________
7. The shoes belong to Tom. _____________________________________________________________
8. The shoes belong to Tom and I. ________________________________________________________
9. The shoes belong to Tom and his Mother. ________________________________________________
10. The chicken is Sheila’s, Bob’s, and Tom’s. _______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Circle the correct pronouns given in the parentheses.
1. (I,me) will pick up the groceries.
2. (She,her) sent (I,me) a package in the mail.
3. Are you going to visit (he,him) this evening?
4. Wendy is somewhere around; have you seen (she,her)?
5. The commanding officer gave (him,he) and (me, I) a real bawling-out.
6 . They told (us,we) to meet (them,they) in the parking lot.
7. (They,them) invited (we,us) over for cocktails.
8. Our house is always open to (they,them).
9. Adrian chose (he,him) and (I,me) for teammates.
10. There were dozens of bees buzzing around (we,us).

Write three of your own original sentences, using the person’s real name in the first sentence, and then replace their
name with the correct pronoun in the second sentence.
1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                              February 11
I Love Transition Words!!
Transition words and phrases are great in making good writing great! You need to use transition words to move from
ideas, and make your paper flow and sound smooth. However, you need to make sure you understand what the
transition word means, so you know you are using it correctly.

However – means but…
Furthermore- means you are going to elaborate on the subject
Additionally- means you are going to give another support to something you have already mentioned
Consequently- means as a negative result of something happening
Similarly- means you are going to say something that is like what you have just said (you could also say Likewise)
Nevertheless- means even though something happened….something else is going to occur
Therefore- means you are coming to a conclusion after saying what you just said
Meanwhile- means while something else is going on, this is going on as well

There are a ton more transition words, but most of them are easy to figure out what they mean. (ex: finally, so, first,
lastly, as a result, for example, such as, also, despite, although, etc. ) You need to choose the right transition word and
plug it into the sentence below.


_______________________ most Americans are quite loud, Timmy, who is from California, is rather quiet.
I’ve been to several Japanese cities _______________________ Osaka, Kobe and Sapporo.
_________________________ his above-average height, Mike could not play basketball well.
My father was a small man. ________________________, I’m shorter than average.
I’m an egoist. ________________________ I believe mankind is naturally selfish.
______________________ on page 3 of this essay, Americans lack in health care coverage.
Americans talk a lot. __________________________, my instructor Phil.
Japanese are very honest. ____________________________, they are very kind.
I locked the door _________________________ that someone can’t steal my television.
I like going fishing. _________________________, I like to eat the fish I catch.
I didn’t do my homework last night. ________________________, I failed my test this morning.
I like to go shopping. _____________________, I like to get my nails done.
I hate going to class. __________________________, I have to go everyday to pass.
Kate was getting ready for the dance. ____________________, Mike was renting his tuxedo.


Now let’s write a few of our own sentences using transition words. You must write 3 sentences, and use 3 different
transition words correctly. (1 transition word per sentence)
1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                             February 14
Types of Writing
On your test you may be asked to write in a variety of ways. You could either write a paper that is a(n): Exposition,
Narrative, Persuasive, or Informative. We need to be prepared for all of these!
What is Exposition writing? ______________________________________________________________
What is Narrative writing? _______________________________________________________________
What is Persuasive writing? ______________________________________________________________
What is Informative writing? _____________________________________________________________
Match up these terms to the spaces above, and write in the correct definition:


              1. Writing to educate, much like Expository writing. This is a form of expository writing
              2. Writing to try to get someone to believe or buy something
              3. Writing to tell a story
              4. Writing for a purpose, Seeks to explain something to the reader


So now that you know that informative writing and expository writing are much the same thing….that gives us really
only 3 types of writing prompts we have to be prepared for. Below is a list of writing prompts. You must identify
whether the prompt is Narrative, Expository, or Persuasive.


1. Write a story about the best celebration you have ever had. ________________________________
2. Write a fictional story about being an eyewitness at an event. ________________________________
3. Write a letter to your friends telling them what they need to pack for your annual sleepover.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
4. Write about what your school could do to better the community. _____________________________
5. Write a letter telling your family why you would rather live in the new house on 7th street, rather than the one of 2nd.
________________________________________________________________________
6. Write a letter to your friend encouraging her to shop at a specific store to buy a dress for the dance.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
7. Think of a time you were nervous. Tell what happened and how you reacted. ___________________
8. Discuss the deeper meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance. ____________________________________
9. Write a letter to your principal convincing him to keep your sports programs. ___________________
10. Write about who you would nominate for presidency. _____________________________________


If this is still confusing to you, and you have access to a computer, go to the following website to do some more practice.
http://www.kidskonnect.com/subject-index/20-language-arts/350-writing-styles.html
                                                                                                            February 15
Superlative Degree of Adverbs and Adjective
This is a fancy way to say adverbs or adjectives that end in –est. They indicate that something is the best, when
comparing three of more things. For example, you would use better to compare two things:
          Chocolate taste better than vanilla.
But you would use best when comparing three or more things:
          Chocolate taste the best out of all the ice creams.


Unfortunately, it is not always as easy as adding –est to the end of the word. Sometimes you have to add the word
“most” or “more” before the word. This is because you cannot change the ending to all adjective and adverbs; it
wouldn’t sound right.


Your job is to take the following adjectives and adverbs and turn them into the superlative degree. Here is an example
for you, and a list of some adjectives and adverbs:
Close             Early           Blue            Soon
Quick             Small           Round           Good
Fast              Fuzzy           Surprising      Honest

1. Shelia was the ______MOST HONEST__________ (honest) person in the room.
Now you try the rest!!! You may have to change the end of the word, or add more or most before.
2. Sarah was the ________________ (close) one to the door.
3. Abigal was the _________________ (fast) one in the whole school.
4. The cake on the left was __________________ (good) than all the other cakes.
5. The sculpture was the _________________ (round) one on the lot.
6. The blueberries were the _________________ (blue) of any of the blueberries in the jar.
7. The last trick was the _________________________ (surprising) trick of all.
8. The yellow cat was the ___________________________ (fuzzy) cat of all the ones on the street.
9. Jimmy was the _________________ (quick) basketball player out there.
10. I will get there at the ______________ (soon) possible time I can.
11. The ______________________ (early) bird gets the worm.
12. My watch was the __________________ (small) of all my friends watches.
Good! Now let’s make up some original sentences comparing three or more things. It doesn’t matter which adjectives
and/or adverbs you use, and they don’t necessarily have to be ones I have given you as examples on this page.
1. ________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. _________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. _________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                            February 16
Just a Bit more Practice with our Adjective and Adverbs
Complete the following sentences.
___________________ 1. Max played ____ in the game than Hank. (hard)
___________________ 2. Dave played ____ of all the boys. (hard)
___________________ 3. A car travels _____ than a horse. (swiftly)
__________________ 4. However, the airplane travels ___ of all. (swiftly)
__________________ 5. Karen usually acts ___ than Ruth. (quickly)
__________________ 6. Beth acts __ than any of the ___ girls. (quickly)
__________________ 7. He acts __ than any of the __ boys in his class. (politely)
___________________ 8. Juanita sings ____ than most of the other girls. (well)
___________________ 9. Danisha spoke ___ than you. (distinctly)
___________________ 10. You should learn to speak ___ than you do. (tactfully)
___________________ 11. Learn to pronounce your words ___ than you do. (slowly)
___________________ 12. Mauricio acts ___ than most of the other boys his age. (sensibly)
Write the correct choice on the line to the left of each sentence.
__________________ 1. Gracie looked (beautiful, beautifully) on the stage.
__________________ 2. She sang (sweet, sweetly).
__________________ 3. The young man appeared to be (honest, honestly).
__________________ 4. The supervisor was (real, really) happy about the decision.
_________________ 5. Grandmother sews as (good, well) as my sister.
_________________ 6. Jack is (sure, surely) tall for his age.
_________________ 7. The employee looks (neat, neatly).
__________________ 8. The team felt (bad, badly) because they lost the championship game.
_________________ 9. The orchid smells (sweet, sweetly).
_________________ 10. Our dog learns tricks quite (easy, easily).
_________________ 11. She seems quite (different, differently).
__________________ 12. Rachel is (surely, sure) a good tennis player.
__________________ 13. Jorge plays the piano (beautifully, beautiful).
_________________ 14. Patrick was dressed (neat, neatly).
_________________ 15. The actress played her part (well, good).
_________________ 16. The cake smelled (fragrant, fragrantly).
_________________ 17. Marsha (sure, surely) cooks well.
__________________ 18. Alicia felt (bad, badly) about all her mistakes on the test.
__________________ 19. Adonicia was (some, somewhat) tired herself.
                                                                                                          February 17
Subject Verb Agreement
This is something we have been over time and time again. However, questions like these ones will be on the test.
Additionally, you will also need to know the correct forms of verbs when you are completing the written portion of the
exam. So, let’s have a little bit more practice. Circle the correct verb tense below:

1. One of my brothers (plants, plant) tomatoes in the back yard.
2. No one on my block (believes, believe) his tomatoes will grow.
3. Everyone in the neighborhood (says, say) the soil is not good enough.
4. Most of the plants (does, do) not do very well.
5. A few of them (reaches, reach) full size.
6. Usually, everyone in the family (eats, eat) these tomatoes on salads.
7. Most of the salad (is, are) greens.
8. Several of us (prefers, prefer) bleu cheese dressing on the salad.
9. None of us (likes, like) ranch.
10. All of the tomatoes (are, is) eaten before they spoil.

Now that you know how to change the verb to match the subject, let’s work on changing the subject to match the verb.
Circle the correct pronoun (subject) to match the verb given.

1. (One, Several) of my sisters runs in the marathon each year.
2. (Many, Nobody) is predicting rain for tomorrow.
3. (Everyone, Several) wears a coat in this weather.
4. (One, Many) of us sometimes forget to bring lunch.
5. (Both, Each) of my brothers like Algebra.
6. (None, No one) of the performances take place outside.
7. (Someone, Few) are strong enough to swim across the English Channel.
8. (Each, Most) has an opinion about the review in the paper.
9. (Somebody, Both) have been given the responsibility.
10. (Many, One) of my friends is going to the party.

    1.           Almost everybody (has / have) some difficulty with writing.
    2.           Neither the chipmunk nor the squirrels (is / are) bothering us.
    3.           Both of us (is / are) voting in the next election.
    4.           Milo, Phoebe, and I (was / were) offering our help.
    5.           Neither of you (jump / jumps) to conclusions.
    6.           Some say the Indians (has / have) been treated unfairly.
    7.           There (was / were) only two choices on the menu.
    8.           Rudy as well as his cat (like / likes) milk.
    9.           He (is / are) my boss and friend.
    10.          Sunbathing (is / are) my favorite form of exercise.
    11.          Neither of us (has / have) to pay the fine.
    12.          The twins and their parents (travel / travels) together.
    13.          Nobody (believe / believes) your alibi.
    14.          America and Russia (is / are) the most powerful nations.
    15.          “Safe” and “out” (is / are) two calls in baseball.
    16.          Neither of them (dance / dances) to disco music.
    17.          Each (serve / serves) a different purpose.
    18.          The hammer as well as the saw (make / makes) work easier.
    19.          Jacques (was / were) working for his uncle last year.
    20.          Our team (play / plays) hard every night.
                                                                                                             February 18
Not Done with Subject Verb Yet!!
Here is just a little bit more practice. Hopefully by the end of this page you will find Subject Verb agreements to be
easier than you did at the beginning of the year.

Underline the correct verb tense below.
1.   The pep club (cheers, cheer) at every football game.
2.   Many of my friends (is, are) going to the bonfire tonight.
3.   Dave and his brothers (plays, play) in every baseball game.
4.   The banks of the river (floods, flood) after every big rain.
5.   Four-dollars an hour (is, are) what the Bennetts pay their babysitter.
6.   Each (has, have) his or her own way of doing things.
7.   Most of Mark Twain’s books (contains, contain) humor.
8.   The boss (wants, want) to hire a new staff for the project.
9.   Mumps (is, are) a contagious disease.

Underline the correct subject tense below.
1. Before the show the (performers, performer) practice lines.
2. At the sound of the lifeguard’s whistle, the (swimmers, swimmer) exit the pool.
3. The lost (bill, bills) are in my pocket.
4. The art (gallery, galleries) downtown displays amazing paintings.
5. The (child, children) wear heavy coats in the winter.
6. When I have headaches, (Mom, Mom and Dad) give me asprin.
7. That is my (reason, reasons) for leaving.
8. Your (jeans, shirt) are still in the dryer.

Rewrite the following sentences changing it from singular to plural. You will need to change both the subject
and the verb.

Example: There is a picture on the wall -> change to-> There ARE PICTURES on the wall.

1. Our greatest traffic problem is due to reckless drivers.
______________________________________________________________________________
2. The principal attends every game.
______________________________________________________________________________
3. Doesn’t the cake look delicious?
______________________________________________________________________________
4. Where is my pile of books?
______________________________________________________________________________
5. Before a smart voter goes to the polls, she studies the issues.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

(Remember, when you change the subject, you have to change the verb tense to match!!!)
                                                                                                              February 22
Let’s work with Capitalization!!
You capitalize letters for a variety of reasons. List below at least 5 times when you need to capitalize something:
1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________________________
3. ___________________________________________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________________________________________
5. ___________________________________________________________________________________


(I’m sure you mentioned at the beginning of a sentence, the first letter inside of quotations, proper names and places,
etc.)
Your job is to make all the necessary capitalization changes in the following paragraph.


in a little house in spain lives a girl called amanda. she has two sisters, lisa and sally, and one brother called
fred. amanda lives in barcelona in spain, which is in europe. she has a pen pal called brian who lives in
england. she likes to write to brian so she can practice her english. brian does not know very much spanish,
but he is learning a few words. amanda would like to go visit brian in london when she is older. most of all she
would like to visit new york. amanda states, “ there is no other place I would rather go.”
amanda has a small dog called pete. he is a dachshund. when she takes pete to the park she likes to throw him
a ball. there is a famous park in barcelona called park guell. the park has houses that look like they come from the
hansel and gretel story. amanda and pete like it very much.



There were quite a few words that needed to be fixed. I think you understand capitalization pretty well, so let’s just
wrap it up with some final practice!

1.   president smith gave a speech in which he said "resigning is not an option."
2.   may i visit the oval office, president?
3.   he loved the book, which was called "a day in france."
4.   the federal bureau of investigations (f.b.i.) looks into crimes, and the bureau also protects america.
5.   i am originally from the south but now i live in the north.
6.   my courses this semester include english, science, and math 100.
7.   the state board collects state and federal taxes.
8.   september and october are the prettiest months of autumn.
9.   the book, "the big red dog" is a hit among children: they enjoy reading about the dogs adventures.
                                                                                                    February 23

Apostrophes are NOT our Enemy!!
You know when you need to use apostrophes:
            1. To combine two words into a contraction EX: do not becomes don’t
            2. To show ownership EX: shoes that belong to Fred are Fred’s shoes.
***YOU DO NOT USE AN APOSTROPHE JUST BECAUSE YOU SEE SOMETHING ENDING IN S!!
Let’s practice!!
1. Whos going to Laurens soccer game later?
2. Whats the score of the Cougars game?
3. Did you see the students basketball game yesterday?
4. Crank its handle to wind it up, then youll see it work.
5. Wed love to go, but weve already made plans.
6. Two childrens lunch boxes were found on the field.
7. Dawn and Caseys shoes are made of leather.
8. Weve had so much fun playing games at Jenna and Jakes house.
9. If we have time, ill help you with the teams fundraiser project.
10. Youve got a lot of homework to do for Mrs. LeClairs class.
And let’s keep going…..
Insert the missing apostrophes in the following sentences.
1. Im not going out yet.
2. Have you corrected Susans homework yet?
3. My store specializes in mens clothing.
4. Jacks store carries only boys clothes.
5. The three students began their entertainment business as freshmen.
6. My brother-in-laws job is with the county clerks office.
7. Japans secret pact with Germany offset France and Englands agreement.
8. Watch your Ps and Qs at Grandmas house.
9. Jeffrey opened his suitcase.
10. Its later than you think.
11. The players equipment was already on the soccer field.
12. Johns condition results entirely from neglect.
13. Sam is going on a weeks vacation.
14. His friends stared at his silk hat.
Now write your own two original sentences. You must you a minimum of one apostrophe per sentence correctly.
1. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. ___________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                          February 24
All Punctuation is Important
Now take what you learned, or reviewed rather, from the last couple pages in your packet and correct the following
sentences. You need to fix any punctuation errors, including quotation marks, periods, commas, apostrophes, etc.

1.   Kyle loves to cook dinner for Sheilas parents
2.   What do you think Kyle who is ten years old will make for tonights meal
3.   Oh no Jean yelled Why didnt you tell me I was late
4.   Would you like to play tennis with me at Garys place
5.   After he won the game Jeremy shouted Horray
6.   Do you have any money left in your pocket Jean asked Gary
7.   Dont think for one minute that jean leader of our girl scouts troop is older than I am
8.   Furthermore I would like to make a comment about Sarahs shoes

A few more:
      1. Pedro Martinez pitched good in the 7th inning.
      2. I saw the most beautifulest sunset ever.
      3. Dr. Wheeler principal at Appomattox Middle School won the election.
      4. Michael ran swift around the block.
      5. I carried Ashleys books to her classroom.
      6. The committee visited twelve school’s last month.
      7. We could of watched the movie, but we didn’t.
      8. I attended Appomattox middle school for three years.
      9. I would of called, but Mom said it was too late.
      10. “Ray, may I borrow a pencil,” asked Aaron?
      11. I wish I had english fourth period.
      12. Mrs. Harvey she is so nice.
      13. Mrs. Meissner she is nice, too.
      14. We are going to read Warriors don’t cry next.
      15. I can’t beleive you called my house after ten o’clock.

Write a sentence using quotation marks:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Write a sentence using a question mark:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Write a sentence using at least 2 commas:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Write a sentence using an apostrophe:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Write a sentence using a period:
_____________________________________________________________________________________
When do you use quotation marks?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
When do you use question marks?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
When do you use a comma?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
When do you use apostrophes?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
When do you periods?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                           February 25

Adding Details makes Reading Worth While
When you are completing the multiple choice of the writing test, you will be asked to elaborate on sentences, or add
relevant details. You want to make sure you add details that APPLY, and that you don’t just add random information.
You can also apply this to the writing section of the test. Throughout your paragraphs you want to add information and
details that support your topic sentence. Don’t go off on a tangent just to fill space.

Take the following sentences and elaborate. You must rewrite the sentences adding more important and applicable
details. (hint---use AMAZING adjectives!!!!)
1. Jane was at the store and bought some items.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Some friends hung out one night and had fun.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
3. Mark bought some candy.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
4. They ate all of it.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
5. When you go hunting you need to remember some things.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
6. Xbox is a game system you can play stuff on.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
7. Yesterday was so embarrassing.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
8. Can you get me some of that?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
9. The cat was scared.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
10. How did you do that?
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Remember, when you are adding details you are going to be using a lot of adjectives: colors, shapes, sizes, describing
words. The clearer and more specific the sentence, the better on both parts of the SOL.

Underline the unnecessary details in the following paragraph, or the details that simply don’t belong. The paragraph
is supposed to be a response to the prompt: You need to tell me how to bake cookies!

First you need to preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Sometimes, I like to clean the top of the stove first. Then
you put all of the ingredients into a bowl. My bowl is pink. Once the flour, sugar, and other ingredients are in
the bowl, you mix them together for a long time. You roll the cookie dough out on a cutting board. My
cutting board is on the left counter, next to the fridge. You need to cut out the cookie shapes, and place them
on a greased cookie sheet. My favorite shapes are hearts. Put the cookies in the oven for 20 minutes, and
they will be done when they are golden brown. Allow time to cool before giving to friends and family. Your
family will really love these cookies, and they will probably ask you for the recipe.

How can violets be written more descriptively?                   How can legs that looked a certain way be written
      A some attractive flowers                                  most specifically?
      B a fragrant carpet of purple _                                   F a particular effect in the leg area
      C nice-smelling wildflowers                                       G bulging thighs and slender calves _
      D tons of purple                                                  H a certain fashionable appearance
                                                                        J legs that met the standard of the day
                                                                                               February 28

Spelling, Most Common Misspelled Words
Below is a list of some of the most commonly misspelled words in the English language.


acceptable       accidentally   accommodate            acquire         acquit          amateur
apparent        argument        believe                bellwether      calendar        category
cemetery        changeable      collectible            column          committed       conscience
conscientious   conscious       consensus              daiquiri        definite (ly)   discipline
drunkenness     dumbbell        embarrass (ment)       equipment       exhilarate      exceed
existence       experience      fiery                  foreign         gauge           grateful
guarantee       harass          height                 hierarchy       humorous        ignorance
immediate       independent     indispensable          inoculate       intelligence    its/it's
jewelry         judgment        kernel (colonel)       leisure         liaison         library
license         lightning       maintenance            maneuver        medieval        memento
millennium      miniature       minuscule              mischievous misspell            neighbor
noticeable      occasionally    occurrence             pastime         perseverance personnel
playwright      possession      precede                principal/principle             privilege
pronunciation   publicly        questionnaire          receive/receipt                 recommend
referred        reference       relevant               restaurant      rhyme           rhythm
schedule        separate        sergeant               supersede       their/they're/there
threshold       twelfth         tyranny                until           vacuum          weather
weird

You need to pick 25 words from the list above, and practice writing them 3 times each
1. ___________________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________________
3. __________________________________________________________________________
4. __________________________________________________________________________
5. __________________________________________________________________________
6. __________________________________________________________________________
7. __________________________________________________________________________
8. __________________________________________________________________________
9. __________________________________________________________________________
10. _________________________________________________________________________
11. _________________________________________________________________________
12. _________________________________________________________________________
13. _________________________________________________________________________
14. _________________________________________________________________________
15. _________________________________________________________________________
16. __________________________________________________________________________
17. _________________________________________________________________________
18. _________________________________________________________________________
19. _________________________________________________________________________
20. _________________________________________________________________________
21. _________________________________________________________________________
22. _________________________________________________________________________
23. _________________________________________________________________________
24. _________________________________________________________________________
25. _________________________________________________________________________

*Rewriting the words over and over again will help you to remember how they are spelled. Even though
I am not asking you to rewrite all the words, it would be beneficial for you to do that on your own!
                                                                                            March 1- TWO PAGES
And Yet another Writing Prompt
How many sentences are in an introduction paragraph? ___________________
How many sentences should be in each body paragraph? ___________________
How many sentences should be in a conclusion paragraph? ______________________

Let’s write a quick rough draft:
                              Write about your favorite travel experience.
                                                          Introduction:
Topic sentence
First,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Next,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Finally,______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Closure:
                                                        Body paragraph 1
 Topic Sentence (first reason from intro): __________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 Detail 1: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 2: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Closing sentence: ____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                        Body paragraph 2
Topic Sentence (second reason from intro):________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 1: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 2: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Closing sentence: ____________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                        Body paragraph 3
Topic Sentence (third reason from intro): __________________________________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 Detail 1: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Detail 2: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
Explain that detail: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Closing sentence: ____________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                 Closing paragraph
Topic sentence:
First,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Next,________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Finally,______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Closure:
                                                                March 1- TWO PAGES
                Complete this chart for the paper you wrote last night:
Paragraph 1
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 2
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 3
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 4
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions
Paragraph 5
      Number of sentences in paragraph:

First word of
each sentence
Adjectives
Transitions

According to the chart what will you have to change about your paper?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
                                                                                                              March 2
Editing and Publishing
You need to take your paper and edit it. This means, you need to look for spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and
grammar errors. Additionally, you need to see where you can add more details and information. Use your chart from
last night to see if you have enough sentence variety, adjectives, and transitions. Write your final copy below, and be
sure to indent to show me where each new paragraph goes. (You do NOT have to skip lines this time)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                  March 3- TWO PAGES
Written Expression with Adjective Clauses
This is just a fancy way of saying that you need to pick the adjective that sounds best and completes the sentence. Plug
each answer in, and choose the one that makes the most sense to you.

    6. Dubbing is an audio process __________ one                       d. whose to merge
       sound over another sound.
       a. imprints                                               6. Carl Maria von Weber was one of those peculiar
       b. that imprints it                                      types __________, round whom the darker shadows of
       c. which imprints                                        the world may close for years almost unnoticed.
       d. that it imprints                                      a. that always young in animal spirits
                                                                b. whom always young in spirits animal
        2. Thomas Jefferson, _______ of fathering               c. who are always young in animal spirits
        several children by one of his slaves, was              d. they are always young in animal spirits
        supposedly committed to the principle of
        equal rights for all.                                   7. Grieg went out into his own fertile by-way, leaving
        a. in that he was accused                               the broad valley for the narrower region __________.
        b. that was accused                                     a. to exploring for the first time
        c. he was accused                                       b. that explored for the first time
        d. who was accused                                      c. in it the first time of exploration
                                                                d. which he explored for the first time
        3. The cheetah is a member of the feline
        family _______ are being drastically reduced            8. When speaking of the social mammals, there are
        by in-breeding and lion predation.                      other conditions of life, however, __________ that the
        a. whose numbers                                        newly born young one should be put on the spot
        b. those numbers                                        almost at once because the situation is full of danger.
        c. that its numbers                                     a. in that it is necessary
        d. its numbers that                                     b. in which it is necessary
                                                                c. if it is necessary
        4. Wrap-around sound, a process patented by             d. that they are necessary
        Dolby, is an audio device _______ the
        moviegoer in the center of the action.                  9. In many ways, the most striking of the carnivorous
        a. puts                                                 plants in the Venus Fly-trap, __________.
        b. that puts them                                       a. it grows in marshy places in Carolina
        c. that they put                                        b. that growing in marshy places in Carolina
        d. that puts                                            c. which it grows in marshy places in Carolina
                                                                d. which grows in marshy places in Carolina
        5. Coca-Cola, begun in an Atlanta drugstore in
        1888, remains a powerful beverage company               10. The next point __________ is at the sawmill.
        _______ with numerous smaller food                      a. at which it is important to put a check upon wood
        producers.                                              waste
        a. that has merged                                      b. by which that is important to put a check upon wood
        b. that merged it                                       waste
        c. which merging                                        c. that is important to put a check upon wood waste
                                                                d. important to put a check upon wood waste
                                                                                          March 3- TWO PAGES
Steps of the Writing Process-
What is the first step of the writing process?_____________________________________
What is step 2? ________________________________________________________________________
What is step 3? ________________________________________________________________________
What is step 4? ________________________________________________________________________
What is the final step? __________________________________________________________________


                     A Special Person
   In English class, Sarah has been asked to write a
        description of someone special to her.                                    Violets
    Sarah wants to write about her older brother.          Arlene’s English teacher has asked the students to
                                                          write a short research paper on a topic of their choice.
Which of these would best help Sarah write her
description of her older brother?                         Arlene learned that violets were used to make a
   A. Calling his friends and telling them about him      special perfume for an empress from France. She
   B. Thinking about all the things she likes about him   decided to write about this topic. Which of these
   C. Making a list of things she wants him to do.        would best help her before she starts her research?
   D. Asking him to take her to the library                       A Writing a rough draft of her paper
                                                                  B Listing questions about her topic _
                                                                  C Asking her teacher if she likes violets
                    Theater Intern                                D Rereading papers she has written in the past
 Leroy wants to be a stage director someday. He has
     decided to write a letter to the director of a                          Astronomy Lesson
 community theater to ask if he can work there as an       Betsy’s English teacher has asked the class to write a
         intern to learn more about theater.                                 personal narrative.

Which of these methods would be the most helpful to       Betsy doesn’t know what to write about. Which of
Leroy before he begins to write?                          these would best help her?
       A Deciding how many pages his letter will be              A Brainstorming for ideas _
       B Listing the things he wants to include in his           B Reading her best friend’s story
       letter                                                    C Going to the library to do research
       C Signing up for a drama class                            D Making an outline
       D Looking up words in the dictionary that he
       wants to use in his letter                                           Signs of Friendship
                                                          Heather’s English teacher asks each of her students to
                Transcontinental Railroad                            write a story about friendship.
  Reggie’s history teacher has asked the class to write
research papers on topics of their choice. Reggie wants   Before Heather begins writing her story, she wants to
  to write about the Transcontinental Railroad, which     make a story map. Her map will help her to —
   was built to help travelers cross the United States.          A organize the events in her story
                                                                 B edit her story
Which of these would best help Reggie carry out his              C decide on a title for her story
research?                                                        D decide on action words to put in her story
       A Asking classmates about their topics
       B Writing out questions about his topic
       C Writing a catchy introduction for his paper
       D Reviewing papers he has written in the past
                                                           Remaining pages weekend before SOL

Released Items Questions…What we’ve worked for!
Now Let’s Apply all the previous knowledge and review from the other pages, and begin to work on direct SOL
questions, that have been on previous exams. Answer the following questions by choosing the best multiple choice
answer!


           Here is the first part of Casey’s rough draft. Use it to answer questions 3–5.
(1)Jennifer walked into the hospital and shivered. (2)She did not like them. (3)Hospitals were always so cold,
and everything in them was so white. (4)Reluctantly, she followed her mother and father into her grandmother’s
room. (5)The room was filled with flowers and get-well cards. (6)Up to her chin in blankets, the hospital bed
held her grandmother, looking small and frail. (7)Jennifer saw a tube
in her grandmother’s arm and all types of machines beside her. (8)Jennifer had no idea what they were all used
for.
         (9)Her mother gently kissed her grandmother on the cheek, but Jennifer was afraid to get too close.
(10)Fearful that she might hurt her grandmother or pull out a tube that she wasn’t supposed to touch. (11)Her
grandmother grinned at her and motioned for her to come closer, and hesitantly Jennifer walked over and took
her grandmother’s hand. (12)“Hi, Sweetie,” whispered her Grandmother. (13)“Don’t be frightened by all this
stuff. (14)It’s still me.”
         (15)Several days before, her grandmother had been taken to the hospital because her blood pressure was
too low. (16)Jennifer’s mother had explained that her grandmother was fine now. (17)The doctors had decided
to monitor her for a few days before allowing her to go home.


       3 How can Casey best combine sentences 2 and 3 into one sentence without changing their
       meaning?
A She did not like hospitals, hospitals were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.
B She did not like hospitals because they were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.
C She did not like hospitals, and they were always so cold, and everything in them was so white.
D She did not like hospitals hospitals were always so cold, everything in them was so white

       4 How can Casey best rewrite sentence 6?
F The hospital bed, up to her chin in blankets, held her grandmother, looking small and frail.
G Up to her chin in blankets and looking small and frail, her grandmother lay in the hospital bed.
H Looking small and frail up to her chin, her grandmother in the hospital bed in blankets.
J Up to her chin in blankets, the hospital bed, looking small and frail, lay her grandmother.

       5 How can Casey best rewrite sentence 10 to make a complete sentence?
A Jennifer fearful that she might hurt her grandmother or pull out a tube that she wasn’t supposed to touch.
B Fearful that she might hurt her grandmother or pull out a tube that she wasn’t supposed to touch, she felt.
C Fearing that she might hurt her grandmother or pull out a tube that she wasn’t supposed to touch.
D She feared that she might hurt her grandmother or pull out a tube that she wasn’t supposed to touch.
Read the next part of Casey’s rough draft and use it to answer questions 6–11. This section has groups of
underlined words. The questions ask about these groups of underlined words.
(18)The nurse came in to check on her grandmother. (19)She used a thermometer to take her grandmother’s
temperature and a stethoscope to listen to her heart. (20)Jennifer found everything the nurse did for her
grandmother to be extremely interesting. (21)She asked about the medical instruments, and the nurse
explained how they were used. (22)Jennifer listened closely, examining each instrument thoroughly.
         (23)The nurse was real attentive toward her grandmother. (24)She fluffed her pillows and makes sure
she was resting comfortably. (25)She supplied her with water, food, and reading materials. (26)Jennifer could
see what a positive effect the help had on her grandmother. (27)She asked, “Do you enjoy being a nurse?
(28)“Yes, I love taking care of people,” the nurse replied, “and I find it rewarding to watch people get better.
(29)It’s exciting to be a part of all these different people’s lives.”
         (30)As the nurse left the room, Jennifer smiled at her grandmother and her parents. (31)She was filled
with excitement as she imagined herself attending Nursing School and learning to care for sick people. (32)For
the first time, she didn’t mind being in a hospital. (33)She was as a matter of fact starting to like the smell
and the white walls of Grady Memorial Hospital. (34)They were signs of people trying to help other people


6 In sentence 21, how is they correctly written?
       F them
       G it
       H those
       J As it is

7 In sentence 24, how is makes correctly written?
       F made
       G make
       H making
       J As it is

8 In sentence 23, how is real correctly written?
       A really
       B more real
       C most real
       D As it is

9 In sentence 27, how is nurse? correctly written?
       A nurse?”
       B nurse.
       C nurse,
       D As it is

10 In sentence 33, how is was as a matter of fact correctly written?
       A was, as a matter of fact,
       B was as a matter of fact,
       C was as a matter, of fact,
       D As it is

11 In sentence 31, how is Nursing School correctly written?
       F Nursing school
       G nursing School
       H nursing school
       J As it is
Here is the first part of Ellie’s rough draft. Use it to answer questions 13–16.
        (1)If you like horror or suspense books or movies, you are probably a fan of Stephen King. (2)Stephen
King has written more than fifty novels and numerous short stories. (3)Many of these have been made into
movies.
(4)King was born in Maine, the second son of Donald and Nellie King. (5)He lived in Indiana and he also lived
in Connecticut before returning back to Maine with his mother when he was eleven. (6)King always knew he
wanted to be a writer.
        (7)Consequently, his path to success was not an easy one. (8)While in high school, he and his brother
David wrote and sold a local newspaper. (9)Their paper was named Dave’s Rag and sold for just five cents a
copy. (10)Other than the newspaper, according to King, his high school career was “totally undistinguished.”
        (11)King earned a bachelor of arts degree in English from the University of Maine. (12)Shortly after
graduation, he married his wife, Tabitha. (13)He was a trained high school English teacher. (14)He was not able
to find a job. (15)While his wife worked at a donut shop, he supported himself by pumping gas and working in
a laundry. (16)Many people have to take odd jobs as they start their careers. (17)He continued to write. (18)He
sold a few of his short stories to magazines, but he also received numerous rejection letters.
        (19)He eventually found a job teaching and continued to write at night and on weekends. (20)Many of
those stories were later compiled into a collection called Night Shift.
        (21)He became frustrated one night and threw the first few pages of a new novel in the trash. (22)His
wife rescued the papers and read them. (23)She urged King to finish the story. (24)He did, and in the end his
first novel was accepted for publication. (25)The book was named Carrie. (26)The novel was a success and was
later adapted for two movies. (27)Thanks to his wife’s encouragement, King was now a successful writer.

13 How can Ellie best rewrite sentence 5 so that it no longer needlessly repeats information?
      A He went back to Maine with his mother when he was eleven, but before he returned to Maine he lived
      in Indiana and Connecticut.
      B He returned to Maine when he was eleven; however, he lived in Indiana and Connecticut before he
      went back to Maine with his mother.
      C When he was eleven, he went back to Maine with his mother, but before he returned to Maine, he
      lived in Indiana and Connecticut.
      D He lived in Indiana and Connecticut before returning to Maine with his mother when he was eleven.

14 Ellie wants to replace Consequently in sentence 7 with a word that better fits the meaning of the
sentence. Which of the following could she best use?
        F Therefore
        G In addition
        H However
        J Because of this

15 How can Ellie best combine sentences 13 and 14 without changing their meaning?
      A King got trained as a high school English teacher while he still could not find a job.
      B Even though he was a trained high school English teacher, he was unable to find a job.
      C Though he was not able to find a trained job, King was a high school English teacher.
      D King was not able to find a job because he was a trained high school English teacher.

16 Which of the following sentences should Ellie delete because it is not related to the topic of her paper?
      F Sentence 2
      G Sentence 10
      H Sentence 16
      J Sentence 22

				
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