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Environment and health Enhancing health and Postgraduate studies Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex well-being by promoting illness prevention and disease management at Sussex Global transformations Rethinking social adaptation in the context of changing environments and the global economy Mind and brain Unravelling the mind, brain and consciousness: from cell to self and personal identity. For more information about the exciting and innovative research activity at Sussex, refer to pages 8-13 and the individual subject entries on T he University of Sussex is an internationally recognised research institution with award-winning faculty. Postgraduate research students at all levels pages 39-160. Collaborative partnerships At Sussex we recognise the importance of supporting research through collaboration. work in a supportive environment and receive extensive We have important academic partnerships with, research training. We attract a high level of funding, among others, American Express and Rolls- Royce, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and and scholarships are also available to help you finance the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) in the UK, your studies. Renmin and Nanjing Universities in China, and Yale University in the US. We are also part of the South East Physics Network (SEPNet), funded by £12.5 million of Research at Sussex Distinguished faculty Sussex’s international reputation helps to Government grants to support vital UK science research, teaching and development (also refer Sussex has a dynamic and thriving research attract leading researchers. We are proud to to the Physics subject entry on pages 140-142). culture. Our strengths range across the arts, have counted three Nobel Prize winners, 15 social sciences, science and medicine, with Fellows of the Royal Society, six Fellows of the Superb resources excellence demonstrated both within individual British Academy and a winner of the prestigious From the excellent newly refurbished University subjects and across thematic areas. Crafoord Prize on our faculty. Library, which is home to the globally recognised Mass Observation Archive and our Careers and In the 2008 assessment of the standards A pioneering approach to Employability Centre, to cutting-edge medical of research in UK universities, the Research interdisciplinarity imaging equipment, the resources available to Assessment Exercise (RAE), over 90 per cent A refusal to be confined by traditional disciplinary postgraduate students at Sussex are impressive. of Sussex research activity was rated as world boundaries characterises some of the most leading, internationally excellent or internationally distinctive research at Sussex. For example, the The University has undertaken significant recognised, confirming Sussex among the leading Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) – development of buildings on campus in recent research universities in the UK. One in six of the years: work has begun on our £30-million a partnership between the Universities of Sussex innovative academic building. Our £100-million research outputs produced by staff was rated as and Brighton – provides fruitful opportunities for investment in both buildings and infrastructure world leading, with over 90 per cent producing biomedical research. work that is internationally recognised or better. will continue through to 2015 and beyond. Sussex’s six interdisciplinary research themes Investment also includes a new nuclear magnetic In the latest Times Higher Education Supplement – mean researchers from across the University World University Rankings 2009, Sussex is in the can work together to solve the major issues of resonance facility and purpose-built apparatus top 6 of universities in the UK for teaching and in cryogenic research that is among the best in the day: the world. The University has received millions of learning, and the top 200 universities in the world. Citizenship and democratisation Freedom, pounds from the Science Research Investment violence and reconciling conflict in an insecure Fund to support our work in biological sciences, Many research areas have seen increased world particle physics, and science and technology research income, particularly from national policy research. We also have state-of-the-art research councils and other high-profile funding Culture and heritage Constructing identity and facilities in our InQbate space, which offers agencies. Approximately one-fifth of our overall culture through notions of memory and place our students in both arts and science subjects income comes from our research activity. Digital and social media Applying digital media an inspirational, flexible, technology-rich to construct and communicate across space and environment that fosters collaborative, self- society directed and experiential learning. Funding research talent Cross-disciplinary research at the Centre for Computational Neuroscience and Robotics is exploiting Finding funding for postgraduate study can seem the interfaces between biological and computational sciences. By studying the navigation techniques of daunting, but choosing a university with a strong insects such as ants and bees, we are advancing biological knowledge as well as developing new kinds reputation for graduate education can make your of robotic systems task easier. We attract a high level of funding every year, which is enhanced with additional schemes in order to provide financial help to both UK and non-UK students. We have a paid graduate assistantship scheme for doctoral students, which also gives valuable experience of teaching, as well as a range of scholarships and bursaries, such as the Chancellor’s International Scholarships. For more information, visit www.sussex.ac.uk/funding and refer to pages 17 and 173-180. 7 Research at Sussex: Our arts and humanities schools of The Centre for Intellectual History was Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex: arts and humanities studies established to continue the University’s arts and humanities As a postgraduate student you will be based in one of the following schools of studies: distinguished tradition in intellectual history while widening the agenda to include the history of philosophy and religious thought and their • outstanding rankings in the 2008 • English connections with science. Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) for • History, Art History and Philosophy The Centre for Life History and Life Writing many arts and humanities subjects Research has initiated pioneering training • Media, Film and Music. • world-renowned arts research centres courses. A key asset in this high profile is the offer an interdisciplinary approach The research activity within and across the unique Mass Observation Archive, which is the schools is organised into a number of research base for an ongoing research project involving • opportunities to study abroad at one of centres, which are focal points for faculty, autobiographical writing. our European partner institutions as part research staff and postgraduate students with of your degree common research interests. The Centre for Literature and Philosophy builds on Sussex’s long tradition of fruitful collaboration Research centres in the arts and between literature and philosophy and develops Sussex has always moved beyond the humanities new areas of enquiry addressing issues that arise boundaries of single disciplines, questioning Sussex supports several interdisciplinary at the intersection of the two disciplines. and challenging received ideas. In the arts research centres: and humanities, Sussex has pioneered The Centre for Material Digital Culture interdisciplinary studies, unifying a strong focus The Centre for Byzantine Cultural History brings co-ordinates research into the cultural impacts of on historical study with the exploration of modern together art historians, textual scholars and new media systems. It provides a platform for the and postmodern theory. archaeologists from the Universities of Sussex, study of new media forms within, and beyond, Newcastle, and Queen’s, Belfast. the boundaries of media studies, exploring the Excellence in the arts and humanities at The Centre for Colonial and Postcolonial Studies networked digital culture in which we live. Sussex was confirmed by the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE). All our subjects in reflects significant interdisciplinary interest in the The Centre for Modernist Studies provides a arts and humanities were judged as having at histories and cultures of colonialism, and in post- focus for the interdisciplinary study of Anglo- least 90 per cent of their research internationally colonial studies. American and European traditions in literary and rated, with some outstanding results: American The Centre for Early Modern Studies has been cultural modernism. studies at Sussex was ranked 1st in the UK, and established to pursue interdisciplinary research The Centre for Research in Opera and Music art history 3rd. in all areas of the early modern period, broadly Theatre is a national and international centre European cooperation 1350-1800. for research and development in the practice, From its inception, the University of Sussex The Centre for Gender Studies brings together theory and history of opera, music theatre and has been strongly committed to European faculty and postgraduate research students in multimedia performance. cooperation, and Sussex now offers one of arts and humanities and social sciences in a The Centre for the Study of Sexual Dissidence the best-supported European study abroad vibrant interdiscipinary research culture focused draws together and promotes new work on programmes in Britain. Sussex has long- on representations and social relations of lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, transsexual established links with European HE institutions gender. and transgender studies from a wide range of through the Commission’s Lifelong Learning disciplines in the arts and humanities. Programme. Research students, if eligible, The Centre for German-Jewish Studies is may benefit from Erasmus grants, and concerned with the contribution made by The Centre for Visual Fields is designed to foster undertake research abroad at one of our partner German-speaking Jewish communities to research in a wide range of interests in visual institutions. For more details, contact modern European civilisation. studies, across media, disciplines and cultures. E email@example.com The Centre for War and Society brings together A performance of the opera Knight Crew. Julian Philips, currently in his final year of a DPhil project as a number of Sussex faculty around the central composer-in-residence at Glyndebourne Opera, under the supervision of Professor Nick Till in the Centre idea that war had a fundamental effect on British for Research in Opera and Music Theatre, was commissioned by Glyndebourne to write the score of the society in the long 20th century. legend of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table in a contemporary urban setting. It was filmed for a new BBC Two programme called ‘Gareth Goes to Glyndebourne’, which follows the development of The Marcus Cunliffe Centre for the Study of the Knight Crew through rehearsals to performance American South facilitates research in the social, political, economic and cultural history of the American South from the colonial period to the present. The Sussex Centre for Cultural Studies brings together across disciplines our distinctive and internationally renowned research on popular cultural identities, practices, texts and beliefs. For a list of all the research centres and groups at Sussex, visit www.sussex.ac.uk/research/ researchgroups On the page opposite we showcase one of our ground-breaking research projects. Find out more at www.sussex.ac.uk/research Further information For further details of programmes and for specific contact information, refer to the subject entries dealing with the research area or subject of your interests (pages 39-160). 8 Marcus’s Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex: arts and humanities The horrible gift perspective ‘I have always had something of a schizophrenic life x of freedom within the University, bouncing between being an x English academic, and a practising artist. Up until a x few years ago my two careers were fairly discrete, I x Through his academic writings and work either wore my artist’s hat or my English professor’s x as an artist and filmmaker, Professor hat. Yet as I moved from the study of English x Marcus Wood explores the inheritance of Romanticism (the focus for my first book Radical x colonialism, racism and Atlantic slavery, Satire and Print Culture 1780-1830) to work more x and how, as a culture, we remember exclusively on slavery and traumatic memory, I found x traumatic and violent experience. my imaginative worlds as artist and scholar moving x closer together. The last three years, which I have x spent as a Senior Leverhulme Fellow, have seen this x synthesis become more or less complete. I see the x x performance art and film I recently made in India as x addressing the very same questions of colonialism, x violence and subaltern agency that my academic x books tackle, albeit from a different angle. What x other university in the world would have supported x and understood the strange variety of my work? The x x profound imaginative sympathy of senior colleagues x and mentors in Sussex English, especially Alan x Sinfield, Andrew Crozier, Lindsay Smith, Nic Royle x and Jenny Bourne Taylor, created a unique research x environment for me.’ Marcus Wood Professor of English Re-evaluating visual Rome, ceremonies that were often used for the Professor Wood also trained as an artist at the representations of Atlantic slavery self-glorification and propagandistic promotion Royal College of Art, and has continued to work of slave owners. The argument is then extended as a painter, performance artist and filmmaker and emancipation through the era of Atlantic slavery, and taken throughout his career. Most recently this led Why does imagery showing the very instant up to the present day in an evaluation of the him to undertake a major piece of performance of the birth of black slave freedom invariably 2007 bicentenary celebrations of the 1807 Act art in collaboration with young Indian artists at personify Liberty as a white woman? Where abolishing the British slave trade. In this context, the School of Fine Arts, Maharaja Sayaji Rao does the image of the enchained kneeling slave, a provocative mixture of material is analysed, University, Baroda, Gujarat. The work focused ubiquitous in abolitionist visual culture on both ranging from commemorative postage stamps to on the symbol of a giant hockey stick, a dual sides of the Atlantic, come from? And why is museum exhibits, street performances, religious representation of India’s national sport and a freedom always depicted as a gift from white to ceremonies, political protests, and popular film. weapon commonly used in gangland violence. black people? These are some of the questions The hockey stick thus mirrors the role of the addressed in The Horrible Gift of Freedom, the Professor Wood’s latest book, Slavery Systrophe: baseball bat in North American culture. Professor most recent book to be published by Marcus Brazil America Slavery and Art, will extend his Wood’s academic and artistic work serves both Wood, Professor of English. In The Horrible Gift research into a comparative analysis of the visual to explore the inheritance of colonialism, racism of Freedom Professor Wood explores the visual archives of the slave cultures of Brazil and North and Atlantic slavery, and asks how, as a culture, archives and iconography associated with the America. In contrast to those of North America, we remember traumatic and violent experience. abolition of Atlantic slavery, and discusses how, the Brazilian archives have been little studied to this day, our visual representations of slavery and offer a wealth of new perspectives that, in focus on celebratory myths that function to turn, allow for a radical re-appraisal of the more diminish white culpability and black outrage. familiar American slavery materials. The work includes an intensive study of photography and So much of both our historical and recent slavery in these two cultures and considers how representation of the abolition of slavery focuses very differently the museum cultures of the two on the white heroes of abolition, most visibly regions portray slavery. In its latter stages, the William Wilberforce, without publicising much book moves into the cutting-edge discipline of of the darker and horrifying aspects of slavery, ‘intangible heritage’, exploring such neglected or fully discussing the philosophical premise questions as the importance of the transfer of that you cannot give someone their freedom. African trade beads into Afro-Brazilian culture, If we are all born free, then it is only possible to particularly within the context of syncretic restore that which has been stolen. Rather than religion. celebrating the idea of granting freedom as a great cultural landmark, should we instead be acknowledging the lies on which such myths are built? The Horrible Gift of Freedom puts the cultural grandstanding that celebrates the ‘heroes of abolition’ into historical context. The book traces the roots of this phenomenon back to the emancipation ceremonies of ancient 9 Research at Sussex: Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex: sciences sciences • research in all scientific areas ranked as world leading in the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) • postgraduate study in a range of scientific disciplines • internationally recognised sciences faculty • our interdisciplinary approach crosses traditional subject boundaries Sussex offers exciting research opportunities for postgraduate study in a wide variety of related scientific disciplines. The University has been home to the research of three Nobel Prize winners in science and the winner of the prestigious Crafoord Prize (in biosciences). We have also counted 15 Fellows of the Royal Society on our staff. Sussex offers many opportunities for research and activity that cross subject boundaries both within the sciences and across the University to the arts and social sciences. One of the Biochemistry Informatics driving forces in our current research is the Structural biology • gene expression and cell Research is organised into four groups: interdisciplinary approach to the pursuit of signalling and genomics • genome stability and Cognitive and Language Processing Systems knowledge at the important interfaces between cancer. There is considerable overlap in research • Evolutionary and Adaptive Systems (EASy) subjects. interests between these areas and other areas • Foundations of Software Systems • Interactive Our sciences schools of studies within life sciences, such as the Genome Systems. Informatics also plays a central role in As a postgraduate student you will be based in Damage and Stability Centre, the Brighton and three major cross-disciplinary research centres: one of the following schools of studies: Sussex Medical School (BSMS), and the Centre Centre for Computational Neuroscience and for Chemical Biology. Robotics (CCNR) • Centre for Research in • Engineering and Design Cognitive Science (COGS) • Sackler Centre for Biology • Informatics Consciousness Science (SCCS). Genes and development • aspects of animal • Mathematical and Physical Sciences behaviour • plant science • evolution and Mathematics natural selection (including the application Research is organised into four groups: Analysis • Life Sciences of mathematical theory) • ecology and and Partial Differential Equations • Psychology. conservation. There is also a considerable • Mathematical Biology • Numerical Analysis overlap in research interests with the Genome and Scientific Computing • Topology and The research activity of Sussex’s sciences Damage and Stability Centre, and the Geometry. schools and departments is organised into environmental science, biochemistry and research groups, which are focal points for neuroscience groups. Neuroscience faculty, research staff and graduate students with Fundamental studies of the molecular, common research interests. Research at Sussex Chemistry cellular, electrophysiological and behavioural is flexible, with recognised centres of excellence Chemical biology • polymer science mechanisms of brain function including sensory acting as focal points for multidisciplinary • nanotechnology and molecular enzymology physiology, hearing research, vision, motor interests. • chemical physics and spectroscopy • natural control, learning and memory. product synthesis • synthetic methodology Research groups and centres • organic synthesis and reactions Physics and astronomy in sciences • organometallic chemistry • materials science Research is organised into four groups: Membership of our research groups and centres • transition metal, main group and f-element Astronomy Centre • Atomic, Molecular and of excellence can be quite informal and it is not chemistry • cluster science • theoretical Optical Physics • Experimental Particle Physics unusual for faculty and their research students chemistry. • Theoretical Particle Physics. to participate in the activities of more than one of them. Many research groups have strong Engineering and design Psychology links with particular taught Masters degree Research is organised into ten groups: Research is organised into four groups: programmes. Biomedical Engineering Group • Centre for Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Physical Electronics and Quantum Technology • Cognitive Psychology • Developmental An overview of the research activities in science • Communications • Dynamics and Automotive and Clinical Psychology • Social and Applied is provided on the right. For more detailed Engineering (DAE) Group • Electrical and Psychology. information on subjects of particular interest and Electronic Engineering Group • Industrial the work of specific research groups and centres On the page opposite we showcase one of our Informatics • Mechanical Engineering Group ground-breaking research projects. Find out of excellence, refer to the subject entries in this • Space Science Centre • Thermo-Fluid prospectus starting on page 39, or visit more at www.sussex.ac.uk/research Mechanics Research Centre (TFMRC) www.sussex.ac.uk/research • Tribology. Environmental science Processes controlling the mobility, persistence and availability of toxic substances in soil and aquatic systems • environmental hazards, Further information sampling and uncertainty • endocrine disruption For further details of programmes and for specific contact information, refer to the subject entries • genotoxicology. dealing with the research area or subject of your interests (pages 39-160). 10 Cass’s Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex: sciences Unravelling perspective ‘It’s really exciting to be involved in a field that draws x the mystery of on the expertise of so many disciplines. Everyone’s x background is so diverse that we can cover all bases x consciousness when addressing a scientific question. At the same x time I’ve come to recognise that developing and x defending my own perspective is essential, as no one x Understanding how consciousness arises has had exactly the same experience as me. I also x from underlying physiology and brain feel very privileged to be working in an area in which x activity stands out as one of the core there is still so much to discover. It is testament to x scientific challenges of the 21st century. the researchers at Sussex that we are investigating x A unique new research centre at Sussex under the heading of ‘Consciousness Science’, when x has brought together an interdisciplinary even 20 years ago it was a taboo topic. x team to study the complex brain ‘My own work in synaesthesia will give us an x x mechanisms that give rise to insight into what it’s like to have a conscious x conscious experience. experience that is very different from the norm. x Through a combination of philosophy, psychology, x 23 neuroscience and informatics, we’ll not only find x out what it is like to have synaesthesia but we will x 9 also try to understand what causes this amazing x x experience. In the process I have the opportunity to x help develop a number of tools that can be applied x in many areas of research, so I’m convinced that our x contribution will extend into many fields.’ 7 Cass Gould DPhil student 3 52 Taking a unique, integrated Many recent research approaches to studying Clinically, the work of the SCCS focuses on scientific approach to study consciousness have involved identifying neural the pathology behind disturbances in normal correlates; that is, changes in brain activity that consciousness that exist in neuropsychiatric conscious experience occur in response to a specific stimulus. Such conditions such as schizophrenia, and the Unravelling the mystery of consciousness an approach does not, however, necessarily neurological deficits that occur in patients has long been considered to lie beyond the explain why a particular conscious experience with severe brain injury. In one project, Dr Nick realm of scientific study. However, a unique occurs. Every conscious experience that we have Medford, working with Professor Critchley, is interdisciplinary group of researchers at the is unique, and each is a very precisely integrated using fMRI to test the idea that we feel less new Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science whole that is informed by a multitude of sensory ‘real’ when the brain fails to properly integrate (SCCS) are taking an integrated approach to the stimuli, as well as our own physiological and external sensations with perceptions of our own study of consciousness, hoping to shed new light emotional responses. To begin to understand bodily state. Aside from its own considerable on this age-old problem. such fundamental yet complex properties of clinical value, the study of clinical conditions Founded with the help of a generous donation consciousness, one basic science approach characterised by altered states of consciousness from the Dr Mortimer and Theresa Sackler being taken by Dr Seth and theoretical physicist generates data that can feed back to inform and Foundation, the SCCS brings together expertise Dr Adam Barrett is the use of large-scale advance basic science. Ultimately, it is hoped in neuroscience, informatics, psychology, computational modelling and new mathematics that this synergy between basic science and cognitive science, artificial intelligence and to identify the distinct neural mechanisms clinical research will allow the development of neuropsychiatry. The Centre is co-directed by that account for such complex integration of new methods of diagnosis and treatment for Dr Anil Seth in the School of Informatics, and information. Another approach to understanding clinical conditions. Professor Hugo Critchley, the Chair of Psychiatry conscious experience in the ‘normal’ brain is at Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS). through the study of unusual perceptual states. Its research is focused on two complementary Synaesthesia is a remarkable condition where areas: using a basic science approach to external stimuli such as letters or numbers are understand the neural mechanisms that perceived by the affected individual as specific generate consciousness, and studying clinical and consistent conjunctions of colours. Working applications with the ultimate goal of improving with Dr Seth and Dr Jamie Ward from the School diagnosis and therapy. of Psychology, DPhil student Cass Gould is using fMRI brain imaging and a novel Granger causality analysis (originally used in economics) to study the neural networks that underlie this unusual phenomenon and how this can improve our understanding of conscious perception in normal subjects. 11 Research at Sussex: Research centres in the Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex: social sciences social sciences social sciences Sussex is home to a number of leading interdisciplinary centres of excellence, which provide an unrivalled interdisciplinary context • in the 2008 Research Assessment for the study of the contemporary world. Many Exercise (RAE), 10 of 12 subjects of these centres host weekly research seminars we submitted ranked in the top 15 that attract major international speakers, as well nationally as providing a forum for discussion of work-in- • one of the largest centres of social progress undertaken by research students and sciences doctoral training in the UK, with academic faculty. over 230 permanent academic staff A number of research centres at Sussex • leading research centres provide a forum are actively engaged in major international for study and discussion collaborative projects with researchers in Europe, North America, and across poorer parts of the • distinctive, interdisciplinary Masters world. Some centres provide workspace and paid programmes research opportunities for affiliated research students. Research in the social sciences at Sussex covers All centres welcome both Masters and research 14 areas recognised by the UK’s Economic and students to participate in their activities: Social Research Council (ESRC), including all the major social science disciplines, and a number C • entre for Colonial and Postcolonial Studies of specialist interdisciplinary areas in which C • entre for Gender Studies Sussex has a major international reputation, C • entre for Global Political Economy such as development studies, European studies, C • entre for Higher Education and migration studies, gender studies, international Equity Research education and development, and science and technology policy research. C • entre for Inquiry and Research in Cognition, Learning and Teaching In the 2008 RAE, 10 of 12 social science C • entre for International Education subjects we submitted were ranked in the top 15 nationally, with the work of over 130 staff C • entre for Life History and Life Writing Research judged to be internationally excellent and world Lower-caste women at a water handpump in leading. C • entre for Research in Health and Medicine Rajasthan, India. Limited access to water is Our stimulating and accessible postgraduate C • entre for Responsibilities, Rights and the Law detrimental to their reproductive health. One of the areas of research at Sussex focuses on the programmes are informed by cutting-edge C • entre for Social and Political Thought anthropology of gender, reproduction and health research, and are taught by established C • entre for the Study of Parties and academic staff whose work is internationally Democracies in Europe recognised in their field. We aim to use research- J • ustice and Violence Research Centre led teaching at Masters level to provide you either with a route into the policy or business S • ussex Centre for Migration Research worlds, equipped with insights from the latest S • ussex European Institute in social science research, or with a route to a T • he Sussex Energy Group research degree to explore further a specialist area of research. For a list of all the research centres and groups at Sussex, visit www.sussex.ac.uk/research/ Sussex research in the social sciences is researchgroups particularly recognised for its high level of impact Further information We are also home to the Institute of For details of degree programmes and for specific in policy fields such as social work, education, Development Studies (IDS) and the Department contact information, refer to the subject entries international development, international of SPRU – Science and Technology Policy dealing with the research area or subject of your migration, and law. This is reflected in a high Research. interests (pages 39-160). degree of interaction with UK Government departments and international organisations On the page opposite we showcase one of our ground-breaking research projects. Find out Higher Education in Tanzania. Sussex staff in these fields, including two major research engage in collaborative action research at two centres funded by the Department for more at www.sussex.ac.uk/research case-study institutions in Tanzania and Ghana, International Development on migration and exploring factors that facilitate or impede access, poverty, and access to education. We also participation and achievement in Higher Education host the ESRC Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability (STEPS) Centre. Our social sciences schools of studies As a postgraduate student you will be based in one of the following schools of studies: • Business, Management and Economics • Education and Social Work • Global Studies • Law, Politics and Sociology. The research activity within and across the schools is organised into a number of research centres, which are focal points for faculty, research staff and postgraduate students with common research interests. 12 Martins’s Postgraduate studies at Sussex Research at Sussex: social sciences Adapting to perspective ‘There can be few areas of science that directly x climate change inform policy to the extent that climate science x does today. When I started my climate research x career more than 20 years ago, climate science x Through interdisciplinary and was a minority interest and climate change only x international collaboration, Sussex is a peripheral issue. Now it is at the forefront of x committed to a new major climate change scientific, social, economic and political agendas x initiative that integrates climate science and has a prominent media profile. Since climate x with the study of the economics change has moved out of the research labs and on x and policy dimensions of climate to the front page, I felt I wanted to look outwards x change and its impact on society. also. Coming to Sussex has enabled me to work x with leading groups that work directly on developing x policy on the shift from fossil fuels to low-carbon x x energy and on the impact of climate change on x people in the developing world. It has highlighted the x magnitude of the challenge society faces and the x necessity for the multidisciplinary approach we are x developing at Sussex.’ Professor Martin Todd Chair in Climate Change An interdisciplinary initiative to The Department of Geography at Sussex has a The work on future climate change at Sussex tackle global climate change wide portfolio of research into both fundamental has two main dimensions. The first is to predict climate science and applications to real- the long-term impact of climate change on There can be little doubt that climate change is world problems. The climate research group our life-support systems, for example, water one of the great challenges of our time. Efforts investigates past, current and future climates, resources, ecosystems and agriculture, and to increase our understanding of the climate using a combination of field research, historical the associated social processes such as mass system and appropriate policy responses data, satellite observations and state-of-the- migration. In addition, it is focused on how to use to climate change in the 21st century will art climate models. The aim is to understand scientific data to help inform policy for adaptive require collaboration across disciplines and the major drivers of climate, and to improve responses to climate change from national to at an international level. Recent initiatives at our ability to predict both short- and long-term community levels. Thus, the work addresses the Sussex have seen major investment in climate climate change. big challenges of providing relevant information change, using an integrated approach that on future climate changes and impacts, and brings together research in climate science Research into paleoclimate at Sussex aims communicating it in the best possible way to (in collaboration with the Department of to reconstruct past environments and explain optimise decision making. Geography), the impact of climate change on the causes of climate change that have taken society and our adaptive responses (the Institute place in the last 10,000 years, such as the The three key agendas in Sussex’s climate of Development Studies), and the economics desertification of the Sahara. Contemporary change initiative, the science, societal impact and policy associated with the transition to climate analysis is focused on studying many of and economics and policy dimensions of climate a lower carbon economy (in collaboration the key processes that drive climate variability change, are exemplified in the creation of two with SPRU – Science and Technology Policy and change, most notably the determinants unique new Masters programmes in Climate Research). The University is also a core partner of seasonal tropical rainfall, and the role of Change and Policy and Climate Change and in the world-leading Tyndall Centre for Climate mineral dust aerosols. This latter phenomenon Development. By bringing together existing Change Research. Professor Martin Todd, who exemplifies the complexity of the challenge; the expertise within the University and fostering took up the position of Chair in Climate Change vast dust clouds that are blown from the Sahara international research collaborations in the UK, in September 2009, has been appointed to across West Africa, the Atlantic and South Europe and Africa, the aim is to set up a world- coordinate the teaching within this new initiative. America have a substantial direct impact on class research network for climate change. the planet’s energy budgets but also influence the cycling of carbon between the atmosphere, ocean and land surface. Contemporary climate analysis also provides information for real-life applications, such as improving the prediction of seasonal tropical rainfall that impacts crop yields and water resources. 13 Routes to Research training Spring term: you take Research Design and Postgraduate studies at Sussex Routes to postgraduate study at Sussex If you’re interested in studying for a research Ethics and either three intermediate methods postgraduate degree in the social sciences, or want to learn about research methods, you might want to courses or one intermediate methods course and a subject-specific course. Intermediate study at Sussex consider our innovative MSc in Social Research Methods. methods courses include Action Research • Comparative Method • Discourse Analysis • Ethnographic Methods • Evidence for Policy If you want to study for a DPhil (which is the and Practice • Geographical Information • opportunity for postgraduate study at a equivalent of a PhD at other universities), and are Systems • Participatory Methods • Policy and number of different levels seeking Economic and Social Research Council Programme Evaluation Research. • a range of taught postgraduate (ESRC) funding, you will be required to take this programmes complements the many programme, unless you have already achieved Summer term and vacation: you take a series of postgraduate research options on offer a similar level of research training at a university advanced methods options, offered in the form elsewhere. of short workshops, and undertake supervised • strong links between taught and work on a dissertation focused on research research programmes encourage cross- At the end of your first year you graduate with a methods. This dissertation can be the full pollination of ideas between students Masters degree, before proceeding to the DPhil research outline for doctoral study. and staff (this is called 1+3 study). In the fields of economics, psychology, and Assessment of the MSc in Social science, technology and innovation, our Research Methods We have structured postgraduate work at Sussex Taught courses are variously assessed by term to enhance postgraduate education, and ensure specialist Masters programmes are recognised by the UK’s Economic and Social Research papers of 3,000-5,000 words or equivalent that all of our students work within a stimulating coursework portfolios. The research elective is context that promotes the cross-pollination Council (ESRC) as providing research training suitable for 1+3 study. Refer to individual assessed by a dissertation of 10,000 words. essential to high-quality research. subject areas for details of these programmes. In addition, there are two other awards available: So, whichever route into postgraduate study you choose, you will be joining a postgraduate All other social sciences at Sussex are part of • a Postgraduate Diploma in Social Research community that draws appropriate subject areas an interdisciplinary Social Research Training Methods, which comprises 120 credits of into a coherent body, provides an academic and Consortium, which offers ESRC-recognised coursework and has the same requirements social environment in which students, research research training in research methods, as the MSc minus the research elective and staff and faculty can learn from each other, and through our innovative MSc in Social Research dissertation component offers facilities that encourage both intellectual Methods. This is for students in the fields of anthropology, contemporary European • a Postgraduate Certificate (as above), which and social exchange. comprises 60 credits of coursework. studies, development studies, education, Masters degrees and other taught human geography, international development, postgraduate programmes international relations, politics, legal studies, Our taught postgraduate programmes offer migration studies, social work and social care, you the opportunity to study the subject of your and sociology. first degree at an advanced level, or develop This MSc programme is specifically designed new skills and knowledge by undertaking a to provide 1+3 training for those intending programme in a different subject. They can to move directly to doctoral study in relevant Paul’s enhance your career prospects by developing disciplines and interdisciplinary areas. It can also perspective knowledge and skills relevant to your chosen be taken as a stand-alone one-year programme career, and help you prepare for a research ‘After spending three years in Sudan as a teacher x by those who wish to apply advanced research and coordinator of educational projects, I decided x degree by developing your subject knowledge methodologies to an area of academic or policy to return to university to deepen my professional x and research skills. interest without continuing to a doctorate. knowledge of the education sector. As the Centre x With taught Masters programmes, typically for International Education has research interests x between half and three-quarters of your time is Programme structure of the MSc in that complement my own, and an excellent x devoted to taught courses, with the remainder Social Research Methods international reputation, the University of Sussex x spent researching and writing up a supervised Our MSc programme follows a standard was my natural choice. x dissertation or project on a topic chosen in model, in which you study the philosophical ‘Even before beginning my studies, I found the x conjunction with your assigned supervisor. underpinnings of research, research design, University friendly and supportive, with my supervisor x research ethics, and both quantitative and assisting with my successful application for an ESRC x Sussex offers a range of taught postgraduate qualitative methods. Following on from these studentship. x programmes including: core elements, you undertake a series of options ‘In preparation for my DPhil I’m currently studying for x x M • asters in Business Administration (MBA) on advanced research methods providing the key an MSc in Social Research Methods. The programme x skills necessary for carrying out doctoral-level covers practical data collection and analysis, as well x M • aster of Arts (MA) as philosophy of social science and methodology. x research. M • aster of Laws (LLM) ‘As I came to Sussex without any previous x Throughout the year, you also undertake a research experience, the MSc has enabled the x M • aster of Science (MSc) research elective in your chosen discipline gradual development of both my interest in, and x x p • ostgraduate diplomas and certificates. or interdisciplinary area, which comprises knowledge of, the possibilities and complexities x We also offer professional qualifications such as independent reading, attendance at research of social research. Both the teaching and the x the Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) seminars, and regular individual supervisions assessment have helped me to develop the focus x with a dedicated member of academic faculty. of my doctoral research within sound theoretical x and the Common Professional Examination and methodological bases. The programme’s x (CPE)/Graduate Diploma. For a full listing of our Autumn term: you take courses in introductory international and interdisciplinary nature also makes x taught programmes, refer to pages 39-160. quantitative and qualitative methods, as well for interesting and stimulating class discussions.’ as Philosophy of Science and Social Scientific Research Practice or a theoretical core course Paul Fean within your chosen discipline. MSc in Social Research Methods 14 MPhil or DPhil? Collaborative research Postgraduate studies at Sussex Routes to postgraduate study at Sussex Standard term dates 2011-2012 MPhil and DPhil programmes differ in the If you are carrying out research for an Autumn term length of the programme and thus in the extent organisation outside the university sector, it 3 October 2011 to 9 December 2012 of the research work you can undertake and may be possible to register for an MPhil or DPhil Spring term incorporate in your thesis. To qualify for an MPhil, at Sussex as a collaborative distant student. 9 January 2012 to 16 March 2012 a thesis must either make an adequate original ‘Distant’ registration would allow work to Summer term contribution to knowledge or understanding, or continue at your industry base. 16 April 2012 to 22 June 2012 be a valuable presentation or interpretation of Postgraduate students will normally material put together in an original manner. A Distance learning be registered from 1 October 2011 to DPhil thesis must make a substantial original If you are a research degree candidate with an 30 September 2012. occupation in your own country that prevents you contribution to knowledge or understanding. from attending full time in the UK for the whole The subject entries of this prospectus (pages period of study, it may be possible to register as Research degrees 39-160) refer to subject areas in which MPhil an independent distant student. You would be A research degree offers you the opportunity to and DPhil programmes are available. However, required to spend a minimum registration period undertake an in-depth study of a particular topic. please note that the final MPhil or DPhil award in full-time study at Sussex, and the remainder in You carry out an independent and original piece is not specifically linked to a particular subject. an approved distant student arrangement. of work, which you then write up in the form of For example, a DPhil student whose research a thesis. focuses on physics will graduate with a DPhil and For further information about our routes to not a DPhil in Physics. postgraduate study, contact: When you are admitted for research, you are carefully matched with two supervisors Student Recruitment Services, New Route DPhil Sussex House, experienced in the field of your personal In addition to traditional DPhil programmes, we research interests, who assist you in formulating offer an alternative route into doctoral study: the University of Sussex, Falmer, a research proposal. You will need to define a Brighton BN1 9RH, UK New Route DPhil. programme of research that can be completed T +44 (0)1273 876787 within the maximum permitted period of The New Route DPhil combines a specific E firstname.lastname@example.org registration. The support of your main supervisor research project with a coherent programme www.sussex.ac.uk/pgstudy is crucial in assisting you to complete your of coursework. This seamless programme of degree successfully. Supervisors can offer advice research methods training, taught subject- Aidan’s and guidance, but they will not tell you exactly specific modules and interdisciplinary studies perspective what to read or how to design and carry out work aims to broaden and deepen your subject knowledge and extends your expertise in new ‘I loved studying here during my BSc and the decision x on your thesis. directions. At the same time, tuition and support to stay on after I graduated wasn’t hard to make. x In the arts and social sciences you are normally encourage you to develop a range of professional ‘The whole application process was smoothly x required to complete a research proposal during skills that employers now expect. aided by both my supervisor and the Department’s x the first year of registration, providing a rationale, administration process. I was fortunate enough to x statement of the research problem, discussion It can also be possible for you to obtain receive a fully funded placement. x of research methods, timetable of activities and an intermediate award such as an MSc, a ‘I’m now midway through my second year, and so far x indication of the range of outcomes anticipated. Postgraduate Diploma or a Postgraduate it’s been a very enjoyable, if challenging, experience. x You then work to develop your analytical Certificate as part of the New Route DPhil. I’ve benefited from a helpful lab and a great social x environment, while the transition from taught studies x frameworks, review relevant literature, develop Refer to individual subject entries on pages to independent research has been supported by my xx your data collection methods and plan any 39-160 for details of which subjects offer the Department and the University’s doctoral research fieldwork or experimental work necessary. Finally, New Route DPhil, or visit www.sussex.ac.uk/ development programmes.’ you write up your research as a thesis. pgstudy In some cases you may be required to complete Aidan Maartens Part-time study DPhil in Biology graduate coursework before proceeding to At Sussex we believe that the experience research. This may be the case if you register for of part-time study is enhanced when part- a research degree and do not have a Masters time programmes are integrated with the degree, if your first degree and/or Masters degree corresponding full-time programmes. This are not in the same subject as your proposed gives you greater opportunities for studying and research topic, or if faculty at Sussex decide sharing ideas with a wide range of students and that you need further grounding in the relevant faculty. subject. The graduate coursework will give you specialist and methodological knowledge The majority of our taught programmes are that will provide support at a time when your available part time (refer to the relevant subject Arly’s research, though exciting, may be full of entry for details). We also welcome suitably perspective bewildering possibilities. qualified research students who wish to study part time. ‘Sometimes, when you have started a family or x Scientists and engineers are registered for a you have been in work for some years, it’s difficult x specific research project. You normally choose Part-time students are entitled to the same to decide to study again but, thanks to Sussex, its x an individual project, which may be part of a supervision and tuition as full-time students, teachers and my classmates, my experience of x team project, and the first stage of your work on a pro-rata basis, and to full use of University postgraduate study has been wonderful. I really enjoy x is the preparation of a plan of research. You facilities and social amenities (except University- the seminars, sharing different experiences and x are required to do this within the first year of managed accommodation). point of views and the rich knowledge of experienced x registration. tutors who are always willing to support you. x The study patterns for part-time programmes ‘My Masters has given me a great opportunity to x Sussex offers a range of research degrees vary, but are normally integrated with the update my knowledge, explore different areas of my x including: corresponding full-time programmes (refer to career and enlarge my network of friends and digital xx individual subject entries on pages 39-160 for media contacts.’ M • aster of Philosophy (MPhil) details). This means that teaching is generally D • octor of Philosophy (DPhil), which is the carried out during the day and a minimum level Arly Faundes equivalent of a PhD at other universities of attendance is needed during term time to fulfil MA in Digital Media the requirements of the programme. Additionally, N • ew Route DPhil in order to benefit fully from the range of taught P • rofessional Doctorate in Education (EdD) and research programmes offered at Sussex, • rofessional Doctorate in Social Work (DSW). P part-time students should be prepared to attend additional seminars, tutorials and workshops. 15
"Postgraduate studies at Sussex"